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Ahmad Al-Fakhouri, Muhammad Janjua, Michele DeGregori
Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) caused by left atrial myxoma is very rare. Catheter-based approaches or thrombolytic therapy are mostly the first step in the management of STEMI with less time delay. We report a case of acute anterior/lateral STEMI caused by a left atrial myxoma. The patient was successfully treated by intracoronary aspiration with an Export aspiration catheter, with excellent distal coronary flow. Intracoronary catheter aspiration in acute myocardial infarction caused by a left atrial myxoma may help to salvage the infarcting myocardium with less time delay...
January 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Alireza Garjani, Bahram Sohrabi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Sina Andalib, Mehriar Shokri, Bahar Taherkhanchi, Bahador Bagheri
The important role of reperfusion therapies in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction is well documented. However, reperfusion therapies can initiate inflammatory response and may damage the myocardium. The purpose of current study was to compare the effects of percutaneous coronary intervention and thrombolytic therapy on inflammatory markers in the setting of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Eighty three patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study. 40 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 43 patients received streptokinase (1...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Ali Ahmadi, Arsalan Khaledifar, Koorosh Etemad
BACKGROUND: The data and determinants of mortality due to stroke in myocardial infarction (MI) patients are unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate the differences in risk factors for hospital mortality among MI patients with and without stroke history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective, cohort study; 20,750 new patients with MI from April, 2012 to March, 2013 were followed up and their data were analyzed according to having or not having the stroke history...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Leonardo De Luca, Marco Marini, Lucio Gonzini, Alessandro Boccanelli, Gianni Casella, Francesco Chiarella, Stefano De Servi, Antonio Di Chiara, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Zoran Olivari, Giorgio Caretta, Laura Lenatti, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Stefano Savonitto
BACKGROUND: Age- and sex-specific differences exist in the treatment and outcome of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to describe age- and sex-matched contemporary trends of in-hospital management and outcome of patients with STEMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from 5 Italian nationwide prospective registries, conducted between 2001 and 2014, including consecutive patients with STEMI. All the analyses were age- and sex-matched, considering 4 age classes: <55, 55 to 64, 65 to 74, and ≥75 years...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Rei-Yeuh Chang, Han-Lin Tsai, Ping-Gune Hsiao, Chao-Wen Tan, Chi-Pin Lee, I-Tseng Chu, Yung-Ping Chen, Cheng-Yun Chen
Ventricular free wall rupture (VFWR) is the second most common cause of death in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Nevertheless, few reports have investigated the factors, including different treatment strategies, associated with VFWR in Taiwanese patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the risk of VFWR in Taiwanese patients with acute STEMI who had received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), rescue PCI, scheduled PCI, thrombolytic therapy, and pharmacologic treatment...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Katarina Novak, Davorka Vrdoljak, Igor Jelaska, Josip Anđelo Borovac
BACKGROUND: The goal of this observational cohort study was to examine gender-specific differences in the incidence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in-hospital complications and mortality. METHODS: A cohort of 1550 patients with the primary diagnosis of ACS were enrolled in the study over a period of 4 years. The in-hospital mortality and complications were analyzed as the main outcome measures. RESULTS: Women were significantly older compared to men (71 ± 11 years vs...
October 25, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Ahmad Separham, Samad Ghaffari, Hossein Najafi, Reza Ghaffari, Mojtaba Ziaee, Hossein Babaei
Allopurinol may have protective effects over ischemic reperfusion injury and reduce infarct size. In this randomized study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of allopurinol in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing thrombolytic therapy. Overall, 140 patients with STEMI were randomly assigned to receive 400 mg of allopurinol or placebo before treating with streptokinase. Then, study group received 100 mg of allopurinol daily for 28 days and placebo group received placebo for the same period...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Trinath Kumar Mishra, Biswajit Das
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is rising in epidemic proportions with India not being an exception. CAD in Indian scenario has its onset at a younger age with multitude of risk factors. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to obtain complete information about demographic profile, risk factors, clinical scenario, therapeutic modalities, natural course, outcome and changing profile of acute ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 45,122 acute STEMI patients admitted 1st March 1990 to 1st March 2014...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Achintya Pal, A Datta, A K Bhattacharyya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
X Y Liu, Y Zhang, M W Li, X P Wang, D D Qi, P Y Hao, H Zhang, Q Q Cheng, L S Zhao, C Y Gao, D Y Hu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolytic therapy using reteplase in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Method: A total of 73 hospitals from Henan province took part in this clinical trials during October 2012 to October 2014, 1 226 cases (1 014 male (82.7%), mean age 59.0 (51.0, 66.0) years) with acute STEMI received reteplase as thrombolytic agent.Reperfusion rate was judged according to the clinical symptoms, electrocardiogram, myocardial enzymes and heart rhythm, and the rate of cardiovascular events and bleeding events during hospitalization was also observed...
September 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Satyavan Sharma, Nikhil Raut, Anil Potdar
AIM: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a less recognized cause of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in clinical practice. The aim of this communication is to describe a case series in South Asian population and highlight on the long-term clinical outcomes on conservative management. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data of five patients (6 instances) of SCAD managed in a tertiary care center during January 1994 to June 2015 was done. Clinical, angiographic, therapeutic, and follow-up data till end of June 2015 are analyzed...
July 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Selami Doğan, Hüseyin Dursun, Hüseyin Can, Hülya Ellidokuz, Dayimi Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the patient profile, treatment, and outcomes of a coronary care unit (CCU) by retrospective screening of 12-year patient records. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 13,463 patients admitted to the CCU of a tertiary referral hospital between 1 January 1997 and 30 June 2008 were collected. The patients were assessed with respect to demographics, admission diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 61 ± 13 years (66...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Ashar Khan, Shoeb Nadeem, Hemant Kokane, Ankur Thummar, Yash Lokhandwala, Ajay U Mahajan, Pratap J Nathani
BACKGROUND: Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) is a common arrhythmia observed in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). It is not clear how much value AIVR has in predicting successful reperfusion, since there have been conflicting data regarding this in the past. Streptokinase (STK) even today is the commonest thrombolytic agent used in the public health care set-up in India.(1) Most data for the use of STK are from the 1990s, which had showed that at best it is effective in only 50% of patients in restoring adequate flow...
May 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Younes Nozari, Masih Tajdini, Mehdi Mehrani, Rosa Ghaderpanah
Distinguishing ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) differential diagnoses is more challenging. Myopericarditis is one of these differentials that results from viral involvement of myocardium and pericardium of the heart. Myopericarditis in focal form can mimic acute STEMI in its electrocardiogram (ECG) features and elevated cardiac enzymes. Myocarditis patients may face thrombolytic related complications such as intracranial bleeding, myocardial rupture, and hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade. Furthermore, re-administration of streptokinase (a common thrombolytic agent in our country) is banned for at least six months of previous administration; however, it can save patients' lives in emergency conditions such as massive pulmonary embolism...
2016: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Ivan Ilić, Ivan Stanković, Radosav Vidaković, Aleksandra Janićijević, Milivoje Cerović, Vladimir Jovanović, Aleksandar Aleksić, Gojko Obradović, Ivica Nikolajević, Srdjan Kafedzić, Dusan Milicević, Jovana Kusić, Biljana Putniković, Aleksandar N Nesković
INTRODUCTION: Data on effects of thrombus aspiration on left ventricular diastolic function in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) population are scarce. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare echocardiographic indices of the diastolic function and outcomes in STEMI patients treated with and without manual thrombus aspiration, in an academic, high-volume percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) center. METHODS: A total of 433 consecutive patients who underwent primary PCI in 2011-2012 were enrolled in the study...
January 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Marija Vavlukis, Irina Kotlar, Emilija Chaparoska, Bekim Pocesta, Hristo Pejkov, Marjan Boshev, Sasko Kedev
AIM: We are presenting an uncommon case of pulmonary embolism, followed with an acute myocardial infarction, in a patient with progressive systemic sclerosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A female 40 years of age was admitted with signs of pulmonary embolism, confirmed with CT scan, which also reviled a thrombus in the right ventricle. The patient had medical history of systemic sclerosis since the age of 16 years. She suffered an ischemic stroke 6 years ago, but she was not taking any anticoagulant or antithrombotic medications ever since...
December 15, 2015: Open Access Maced J Med Sci
Farhin Iqbal, J C Barkataki
AIM: Spectrum of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has not been reported from North Eastern India. The present study was undertaken to study the clinical spectrum of ACS. METHODS: We prospectively collected data of 704 ACS patients from February 2011 to August 2012 in Gauhati Medical College, a tertiary care center. We evaluated data on clinical characteristic, treatment, and outcome in ACS patients. RESULTS: Of the 704 ACS patients, 72.4% presented with STEMI and 27...
March 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Prakash Chand Negi, Rajeev Merwaha, Deveshwar Panday, Vivek Chauhan, Rajesh Guleri
BACKGROUND: No population representative data on characteristics, treatment, and outcome were available in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: The clinical characteristics, treatment, and in-hospital outcome of 5180 ACS patients registered in multicenter ACS Registry across 33 hospitals in the state since January 2012 to December 2014 are reported. ACS was diagnosed using standard criteria. RESULT: 70.8% were men; mean age was 60...
March 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Sameer Saleem, Adnan Khan, Ihtesham Shafiq
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of timing of thrombolytic therapy, cardiac risk factors and site of infarction on S.T. resolution post thrombolysis in STEMI patients. METHODS: This was a descriptive hospital based study conducted at the Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar. The duration of our study was 5 months from February 2015 to June 2015. Diagnosis of STEMI in symptomatic patients was based on the ECG recognized. Definition of Myocardial Infarction. Time from onset of chest pain to presentation of patients in emergency was noted through history of patients along with time of streptokinase...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Xiaohui Chen, Min Li, Huilin Jiang, Yunmei Li, Junrong Mo, Peiyi Lin, Colin A Graham, Timothy H Rainer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Healthcare systems are organized very differently in Hong Kong (HK) and Guangzhou (GZ). This study compared managements of the emergency departments (ED) and one-year mortalities of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in two teaching hospitals in Guangzhou and Hong Kong. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of STEMI mortalities and treatments in the Prince of Wales Hospital (PWH) and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (AHGZMU), was conducted between January and December 2010...
2016: PloS One
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