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Hepatitis B, C, and Tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#1
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847016/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-duhok-province-kurdistan-are-hbsag-and-anti-hcv-prerequisite-screening-parameters-in-tuberculosis-control-program
#2
Muayad A Merza, Safer M Haji, Abid Mohialdeen Hasan Alsharafani, Shivan U Muhammed
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), infections and tuberculosis (TB) are a global public health concern. Co-infection with HBV or HCV among TB patients may potentiate the risk of hepatotoxicity induced by anti-TB drugs. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HBV and HCV among TB patients included in the Duhok National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). METHODS: The Duhok NTP Center is a specialized institution in Duhok City, Iraq, concerned with management and follow-up of TB patients...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822971/drug-induced-liver-injury-is-chronic-liver-disease-a-risk-factor-and-a-clinical-issue
#3
Rolf Teschke, Gaby Danan
Clinicians and practitioners caring for patients with chronic liver disease are often unsure whether drug therapy is a hazard that increases their patient's risk for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Areas covered: We searched for reports of drug induced liver injury, both idiosyncratic and intrinsic, in patients with chronic liver disease including non-alcoholic and alcoholic liver disease, and cirrhosis. Reports we analyzed include statin treatment in patients with fatty liver, acetaminophen use in alcoholic fatty liver, antituberculous drugs in patients with tuberculosis and viral hepatitis, antiviral medications in hepatitis and antiretroviral medications in HIV/AIDS...
November 8, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776593/epidemiological-study-of-hepatitis-b-virus-among-prisoners-with-active-tuberculosis-in-central-brazil
#4
L M M Iglecias, M A M Puga, M A Pompílio, S A Teles, J Croda, L A Lima, B V Lago, R M B Martins, A R C Motta-Castro
BACKGROUND: Due to environmental and social conditions inherent to incarceration, tuberculosis (TB) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) are major diseases among prison inmates. OBJECTIVE: To determine overall and occult HBV infection (OBI) prevalence rates, risk factors and genotype distribution among inmates with active TB. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 216 inmates with active TB recruited at the largest prisons in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Central Brazil...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775825/impact-of-type-of-calcineurin-inhibitor-on-post-transplant-tuberculosis-single-center-study-from-india
#5
Sanjay K Agarwal, Dipankar Bhowmik, Sandeep Mahajan, Soumita Bagchi
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in renal transplant recipient (RTR). Immunosuppressive drugs are one of the most important risk factor for post-transplant tuberculosis (PTTB). A paucity of data exists about the impact of the type of calcineurin inhibitor on PTTB. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all adult patients on calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression were included. Patients receiving TB chemoprophylaxis were excluded...
October 24, 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663926/tinea-on-a-tattoo
#6
Alexandru Oanţă, Marius Irimie
In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637104/persistent-infectious-and-tropical-diseases-in-immigrant-correctional-populations
#7
L Getaz, L Da Silva-Santos, H Wolff, M Vitoria, N Serre-Delcor, J C Lozano-Becerra, F Chappuis, P Albajar-Viñas
A number of infectious diseases amongst travelers and the immigrant populations are a major public health concern. Some have a long incubation period or remain asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic for many years before leading to significant clinical manifestations and/or complications. HIV, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis or latent syphilis are among the most significant persistent diseases in migrants. Schistosomiasis and strongyloidiasis, for instance, are persistent helminthic infections that may cause significant morbidity, particularly in patients co-infected with HIV, hepatitis B and C...
October 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624908/occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-clinical-implications-in-tuberculosis-treatment
#8
C Trigo, P E A A do Brasil, M J M Costa, L de Castro
Occult hepatitis B virus infection (OBI) is characterized by the absence of HBsAg and persistence of the virus genome (HBV-DNA) in liver tissue and/or blood. OBI has been reported in several clinical contexts. However, the clinical significance of OBI in tuberculosis (TB) treatment is unknown. We investigated the OBI prevalence and its impact on the risk of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) during TB treatment. This was a prospective cohort study with one hundred patients who were treated for TB from 2008 to 2015...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596150/the-population-level-cascade-of-care-for-hepatitis-c-in-british-columbia-canada-the-bc-hepatitis-testers-cohort-bc-htc
#9
Naveed Z Janjua, Margot Kuo, Amanda Yu, Maria Alvarez, Stanley Wong, Darrel Cook, Jason Wong, Jason Grebely, Zahid A Butt, Hasina Samji, Alnoor Ramji, Mark Tyndall, Mel Krajden
BACKGROUND: Population-level monitoring of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected people across the cascade of care identifies gaps in access and engagement in care and treatment. We characterized a population-level cascade of care for HCV in British Columbia (BC), Canada and identified factors associated with leakage at each stage. METHODS: The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort (BC-HTC) includes 1.5million individuals tested for HCV, HIV, reported cases of hepatitis B, and active tuberculosis in BC from 1990 to 2013 linked to medical visits, hospitalizations, cancers, prescription drugs and mortality data...
August 25, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582631/current-preventive-policies-and-practices-against-vaccine-preventable-diseases-and-tuberculosis-targeted-for-workers-from-hospitals-of-the-sardinia-region-italy
#10
REVIEW
M Campagna, F Argiolas, B Soggiu, N M Mereu, A Lai, M Galletta, R C Coppola
INTRODUCTION: Health care Workers are exposed to infectious diseases more than the general population. Many of these infections are preventable by vaccination. The objective in this study is to investigate whether, how, and which vaccination underwent Sardinia Health Care Workers (HCWs) and the variability of policies in different Hospital Health Managements of the whole region. METHODS: In March 2013, we enrolled the Hospital Health Management of all the 32 Sardinia hospitals...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546957/viral-hepatitis-indian-scenario
#11
Sandeep Satsangi, Yogesh K Chawla
Viral hepatitis is a cause for major health care burden in India and is now equated as a threat comparable to the "big three" communicable diseases - HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Hepatitis A virus and Hepatitis E virus are predominantly enterically transmitted pathogens and are responsible to cause both sporadic infections and epidemics of acute viral hepatitis. Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus are predominantly spread via parenteral route and are notorious to cause chronic hepatitis which can lead to grave complications including cirrhosis of liver and hepatocellular carcinoma...
July 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508954/immune-status-of-representative-infectious-diseases-among-japanese-female-university-students
#12
Misaki Katsuyama, Yuji Koike, Toshie Hirohara, Kazuhiro Kogawa
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the immune status of representative infectious diseases among Japanese youth, we retrospectively investigated serum antibody levels in university students, partly comparing these to immunization records and infectious disease histories confirmed by the maternal and child health (MCH) handbooks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 168 Japanese female university students, aged 20-21 years, were included. Data were collected from examinations of antibody titers against measles, rubella, varicella-zoster (VZ), mumps, and hepatitis B (HB) and C (HC) viruses, and from QuantiFERON®-TB Gold tests, between 2011 and 2015...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477407/onset-of-tuberculosis-from-a-pulmonary-latent-tuberculosis-infection-during-antiviral-triple-therapy-for-chronic-hepatitis-c
#13
Shunichi Matsuoka, Hirotoshi Fujikawa, Hiromasa Hasegawa, Takanaga Ochiai, Yukinobu Watanabe, Mitsuhiko Moriyama
A 62-year-old man was diagnosed with the onset of tuberculosis (Tb) from a pulmonary latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) during triple therapy with pegylated interferon α2a, ribavirin, and telaprevir for a chronic hepatitis C infection in 2013 before interferon (IFN)-free anti-viral therapy was introduced in Japan. A liver biopsy before IFN treatment revealed the presence of epithelioid cell granulomas (ECGs). IFN may also be employed for chronic hepatitis B infection and malignant tumors, thus, special attention must be paid to the development of Tb from a LTBI when ECGs are observed before treatment...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439376/disparities-in-hiv-clinic-care-across-europe-findings-from-the-eurosida-clinic-survey
#14
Jeffrey V Lazarus, Kamilla Grønborg Laut, Kelly Safreed-Harmon, Lars Peters, Margaret Johnson, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Irina Khromova, Linos Vandekerckhove, Katarzyna Maciejewska, Roxana Radoi, Anna Lisa Ridolfo, Amanda Mocroft
BACKGROUND: Although advances in HIV medicine have yielded increasingly better treatment outcomes in recent years, HIV-positive people with access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) still face complex health challenges. The EuroSIDA Study Group surveyed its clinics to explore regional differences in clinic services. METHODS: The EuroSIDA study is a prospective observational cohort study that began enrolling patients in 1994. In early 2014, we conducted a 59-item survey of the 98 then-active EuroSIDA clinics...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427456/prevention-of-transmission-of-hiv-hepatitis-b-virus-hepatitis-c-virus-and-tuberculosis-in-prisoners
#15
REVIEW
Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Stewart E Reid, Amee Schwitters, Lucas Wiessing, Nabila El-Bassel, Kate Dolan, Babak Moazen, Andrea L Wirtz, Annette Verster, Frederick L Altice
The prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis are higher in prisons than in the general population in most countries worldwide. Prisons have emerged as a risk environment for these infections to be further concentrated, amplified, and then transmitted to the community after prisoners are released. In the absence of alternatives to incarceration, prisons and detention facilities could be leveraged to promote primary and secondary prevention strategies for these infections to improve prisoners health and reduce risk throughout incarceration and on release...
September 10, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427453/global-burden-of-hiv-viral-hepatitis-and-tuberculosis-in-prisoners-and-detainees
#16
REVIEW
Kate Dolan, Andrea L Wirtz, Babak Moazen, Martial Ndeffo-Mbah, Alison Galvani, Stuart A Kinner, Ryan Courtney, Martin McKee, Joseph J Amon, Lisa Maher, Margaret Hellard, Chris Beyrer, Fredrick L Altice
The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of data published between 2005 and 2015 to understand the global epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and tuberculosis in prisoners. We further modelled the contribution of imprisonment and the potential impact of prevention interventions on HIV transmission in this population. Of the estimated 10·2 million people incarcerated worldwide on any given day in 2014, we estimated that 3·8% have HIV (389 000 living with HIV), 15·1% have HCV (1 546 500), 4·8% have chronic HBV (491 500), and 2·8% have active tuberculosis (286 000)...
September 10, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427452/clinical-care-of-incarcerated-people-with-hiv-viral-hepatitis-or-tuberculosis
#17
REVIEW
Josiah D Rich, Curt G Beckwith, Alexandria Macmadu, Brandon D L Marshall, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Joseph J Amon, M-J Milloy, Maximilian R F King, Jorge Sanchez, Lukoye Atwoli, Frederick L Altice
The burden of HIV/AIDS and other transmissible diseases is higher in prison and jail settings than in the non-incarcerated communities that surround them. In this comprehensive review, we discuss available literature on the topic of clinical management of people infected with HIV, hepatitis B and C viruses, and tuberculosis in incarcerated settings in addition to co-occurrence of one or more of these infections. Methods such as screening practices and provision of treatment during detainment periods are reviewed to identify the effect of community-based treatment when returning inmates into the general population...
September 10, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338778/adalimumab-long-term-safety-infections-vaccination-response-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Gerd R Burmester, Robert Landewé, Mark C Genovese, Alan W Friedman, Nathan D Pfeifer, Nupun A Varothai, Ana P Lacerda
BACKGROUND: Adalimumab has been used in patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for over 10 years and has a well-established safety profile across multiple indications. OBJECTIVE: To update adverse events (AEs) of special interest from global adalimumab clinical trials in patients with RA. METHODS: This analysis includes 15 132 patients exposed to adalimumab in global RA clinical trials. AEs of interest included overall infections, laboratory abnormalities and AEs associated with influenza vaccination...
June 23, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228636/infections-and-biological-therapy-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Fabiola Atzeni, Alberto Batticciotto, Ignazio F Masala, Rossella Talotta, Maurizio Benucci, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Long-term extension studies and observational drug registers have revealed an increased risk of serious infections in patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents, particularly infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab. The same may be true for the newer biological drugs rituximab, tocilizumab and abatacept, although this has yet to be confirmed by long-term observational studies. We review the risk of tuberculosis, herpes zoster and other opportunistic infections, and the recommendations for screening for tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, with the aim of informing patients and encouraging greater awareness among physicians...
March 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222718/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-outbreak-in-an-italian-prison-tolerance-of-pyrazinamide-plus-levofloxacin-prophylaxis-and-serial-interferon-gamma-release-assays
#20
A Bedini, E Garlassi, C Stentarelli, S Petrella, M Meacci, B Meccugni, M Meschiari, E Franceschini, S Cerri, A Brasacchio, F Rumpianesi, L Richeldi, C Mussini
The optimal treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in subjects exposed to multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) remains unclear, and the change in response of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QTB-IT) test during and after treatment is unknown. Between May 2010 and August 2010, 39 prisoners at the 'Casa Circondariale' of Modena, Italy, were exposed to a patient with active pulmonary MDR TB. All contacts were tested with the tuberculin skin test and QTB-IT. Upon exclusion of active TB, subjects positive to both tests were offered 6 months' treatment with pyrazinamide (PZA) and levofloxacin (LVX)...
July 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
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