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Cervical citology

Cristina Rodrigues, Daniel Cabral, Teresa Almodovar, Analisa Ribeiro, Diogo Delgado, Leonor Mota, Samuel Mendes, Magda Alvoeiro, Carolina Torres, Telma Calado, Mariana Antunes, Francisco Félix
INTRODUCTION: 55 years old, male patient. History of heavy smoking (65 UMA) and COPD. Admitted to hospital due to a left pneumonia. Thoracic CT and PET-Scan, showed left lower lobe mass measuring 92x89 mm (SUVmax 49). Several mediastinal node groups presented increased uptake of FDG. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed. Citology of the bronchoalveolar lavage suggested a squamous carcinoma. EBUS of node stations 4R, 4L e 7 without evidence of malignancy. METHODS: The case was taken to a multidisciplinary meeting staged as IIIA (T3N2M0)...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
Claudio Gambardella, Ernesto Tartaglia, Anna Nunziata, Graziella Izzo, Giuseppe Siciliano, Fabio Cavallo, Claudio Mauriello, Salvatore Napolitano, Guglielmo Thomas, Domenico Testa, Gianluca Rossetti, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Nicola Avenia, Giovanni Conzo
BACKGROUND: Lymph nodal involvement is very common in differentiated thyroid cancer, and in addition, cervical lymph node micrometastases are observed in up to 80 % of papillary thyroid cancers. During the last decades, the role of routine central lymph node dissection (RCLD) in the treatment of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has been an object of research, and it is now still controversial. Nevertheless, many scientific societies and referral authors have definitely stated that even if in expert hands, RCLD is not associated to higher morbidity; it should be indicated only in selected cases...
September 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Víctor Manuel Vargas-Hernández, Víctor Manuel Vargas-Aguilar, José María Tovar-Rodríguez
Cervico-uterine cancer screening with cytology decrease incidence by more than 50%. The cause of this cancer is the human papilloma virus high risk, and requires a sensitive test to provide sufficient sensitivity and specificity for early detection and greater interval period when the results are negative. The test of the human papilloma virus high risk, is effective and safe because of its excellent sensitivity, negative predictive value and optimal reproducibility, especially when combined with liquid-based cytology or biomarkers with viral load, with higher sensitivity and specificity, by reducing false positives for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or greater injury, with excellent clinical benefits to cervical cancer screening and related infection of human papilloma virus diseases, is currently the best test for early detection infection of human papillomavirus and the risk of carcinogenesis...
September 2015: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Lucia Feticu, I S Bocşan, Cosmina loana Bondor, Cecilia Boboş
Between the years 2008-2011 reverse hibridisation (INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra test) and genotyping 1a Roche (the kit: Linear array HPV genotyping test) were used for detection of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in the cervix secretions of 182 female patients aged 16-63 years, predominantly of urban origin. 99 patients (54.4%) were identified as being infected with various types of HPV, prevalent in urban (53 single infections and 46 multiple infections). HPV infection was not detected in 83 (45.6%) patients...
April 2012: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Milena Veljković, Slavimir Veljković
INTRODUCTION: Oral contraceptives, mainly combined monophasic pills, are widely used by young women who expect their physicians to prescribe them safe drugs which will not harm their health and which will simplify their life. Numerous epidemiologic studies have been performed to determine the relation between oral contraceptive use and the development of neoplasms. BREAST CANCER: An increased incidence of breast cancer has occurred simultaneously with the growing use of oral contraceptives...
September 2010: Medicinski Pregled
Cleidiane Maria Sales de Brito, Inez Sampaio Nery, Leydiana Costa Torres
Qualitative study whose objective was to argue and to describe the feelings and the expectations lived deeply for 28 women about oncotic citology in a unit of the Family Health Program in Parnaíba-PI, through an interview with script of opened questions. The results were presented in categories and evidenced that the majority of the women do not carry through the examination, even so they all affirm the importance of this, mainly for detention of illnesses. It was observed despite during the procedure, the feelings most recurrent between the women were: shyness, unreliability, fear, shame and pain...
July 2007: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
G Irico, H Escobar, B Marinelli
It has been seen an increase of the cervical cancer and of intraepithelial cancer in the last years. The most important risk factors for cervical cancer are sexual conduct, early of sexual relationships, number of partners, cigarettes, oral anticonceptive, pregnancy, immunosuppression, sexually transmitted illness. And an important role of the Human Papilloma Virus. The HPV has been classified in 3 groups; low risk, the most frequents are 11 and 6, middle risk, tipe 31, 33 and 35, and high risk, 16 and 18, that have frequent association with cervical cancer and with high grade intraepithelial lesions...
2005: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Joanna Pinto-Tang, Thaís Castro, Gloria Premoli
Worldwide, the cervical cancer is recognized as the second most common type or malignancy in women. The implementation of the Papanicolaou smear has contributed notably to diminish its morbi-mortality. However, this test has a sensibility of just 80%. The detection of telomerase activity (TA) has been proposed as a diagnostic and prognostic maker of a wide variety of tumors and their precursor lesions. In this study the detection of TA was made from samples of cervical exfoliates and its association with cervical lesions and oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 was evaluated...
September 2005: Investigación Clínica
J L González Sánchez, J Chávez Brambila, A Maricela Román, R Infante Martínez, L E Salazar Esquivel
UNLABELLED: The objective of this study was to know the prognostic value of estrogen receptors and progesterone receptors positives (ER+, PR+) in the management of low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions [(LGSIL), human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN 1) and menopausal status]. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1995 to January of 1999, was studied in 144 women with abnormal citology to HPV and CIN grades 1, 2 or 3. Colposcopy was carried out and two biopsies were taken from the suspicious lesion, they were sent for histopathological study, and for ER/PR by the dextran-coated charcoal technique...
January 2001: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
J L González Sánchez, C Pérez Guerrero, G Celorio Aguilera, J Chávez Barambila, F A Ríos Montiel
Bethesda system is useful in the citologic diagnosis of premalign diseases of cervix. It was determined the correlation between citologic report using Bethesda system and combined colposcopic index (CCI) or Reid, to diagnose premalign diseases of cervix by histologic diagnostic of punch biopsy by colposcopy. A total of 118 patients come to the colposcopy clinic having smear anormal citology to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), only o associated to HPV. It was taken to all of them a new cervical smear, colposcopy and punch biopsy...
August 1998: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
J Alvarez Fernández, H H Bustos López, C Villanueva Díaz, M C Zambrana Castañeda, I Coria Soto, C Aranda Flores
Human papilloma virus (HPV) infections frequently cause cervical lesions of different morphologies. We have previously reported a 53.5% pregnancy rate after treatment in a group of women with infertility associated to HPV infection of the cervix uteri. In that paper it was stated that a controlled study should be conducted in order to confirm this finding. Present work was aimed to find if there is any correlation between HPV infections of the cervix uteri and infertility in a retrospective design using an historical cohort of patients studied between 1991 and 1996 in our clinic...
April 1998: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
R Fanjul, S Pintado, J Velasco
Eight cases are reported about women with the diagnosis of HPV related lesions; a "dot-blot" hybridization technique with radioactive probes was done with each of them, also a conization with a diathermic loop (LLETZ) and a post operative follow-up with methods such as Pap smear, colposcopy and hybridization. We think the way we manage HPV related lesions has the advantage of an accurate diagnosis, with the exact envolved HPV type, and it discards the possibility of an infiltrating carcinoma, after studying the conization sample...
October 1995: Revista de Medicina de la Universidad de Navarra
P Hernández-Peña, E C Lazcano-Ponce, P Alonso-de Ruiz, A Cruz-Valdez, F Meneses-González, M Hernández-Avila
OBJECTIVE: Previous researches pointed out the critical changes needed to increase the efficiency of the National Screening Programme of Cervical Cancer in Mexico. These changes were assessed through a cost-benefit analysis. This paper presents the results of that appraisal. Figures are presented as US Dollars of 1996 valued as 7.5 pesos for each dollar. RESULTS: The operational unitary cost of the integral process of the cytology-the obtention of the Pap smear, its transportation to the interpretation centre, its analysis, and the notification of results to users-was estimated in US$ 11...
July 1997: Salud Pública de México
A Izquierdo, P Viladiu, J M Borràs, V Moreno, G Catalán
BACKGROUND: To analyze the perception of causes and prevention of cancer among women, from Girona, Spain, as well as to assess the knowledge of initial symptoms and participation in cancer screening activities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Crossectional survey with the following items: cancer risk factors, initial symptoms, perceived susceptibility, knowledge and practice of screening, beliefs regarding prevention and treatment of cancer, intention to attend screening tests and socio-demographic variables...
June 1, 1996: Medicina Clínica
V Cortés Gallegos, I Sojo Aranda
A group of 37 postmenopausal women ingested mestranol (MEE) 20 ug daily per 90 days. Cervical mucus, vaginal citology, endometrial biopsy, 17 beta estradiol (E-2) low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), were determined in all of them before (phase I) and after such treatment (phase II). Besides, the relieve of vasomotor symptoms, fernlike cristallization and pyknotic nuclei cells, increase and 3/4 of the endometrial samples showed proliferation, in phase II...
January 1995: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
R Martínez Carvajal, A de la Torre Bravo
The definitive diagnosis of esophageal and gastric carcinoma rests upon histological confirmation of the lesion and it is one of the basis for planning the proper treatment. With the advent of exfoliative citology in 1947 the possibility of studying isolated cells detached from the esophagogastric mucosa became a reality. Later on, the development of the fiberoptic endoscopy permitted the direct observation of the lesion, and histological and citological diagnosis. In this report we publish the results obtained in 270 consecutive cases of esophageal and gastric carcinoma...
April 1981: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
L Mencaglia, F Branconi, G Scarselli, F Locatelli, L Savino, E Chelo, M Marchionni
The authors report their experience with the microcolpohysteroscope of Hamou. This instrument allows a magnification from 0 to 150 times. Its fine caliber (4 mm) allows to work easily also in the interior of the cervical canal, without preventive dilatation. The instrument allows the in vivo vision of the cellular arrangement at the superficial level, after vital staining. The purpose of this research is the discussion of the potentiality of the microcolpohysteroscopy as complementary mean to colposcopy, citology and histology in the management of the Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)...
1983: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
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