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Methamphetamine pups

A Holubová, M Ševčíková, E Macúchová, I Hrebíčková, M Pometlová, R Šlamberová
Methamphetamine (MA) is an addictive psychostimulant with significant potential for abuse. Previous rat studies have demonstrated that MA use during pregnancy impairs maternal behavior and induced delayed development of affected pups. The offspring of drug-addictive mothers were often neglected and exposed to neonatal stressors. The present study therefore examines the effect of perinatal stressors combined with exposure to prenatal MA on the development of pups and maternal behavior. Dams were divided into three groups according to drug treatment during pregnancy: controls (C); saline (SA, s...
December 30, 2017: Physiological Research
R Šlamberová, J Rudá-Kučerová, Z Babinská, M Ševčíková
Olfactory bulbectomy in rodents is considered a putative model of depression. Depression is often associated with drug addiction. Our previous studies demonstrated that methamphetamine (MA) administration to rat mothers affects both, mothers and their pups. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of bulbectomy, as a model of depression, and MA administration on behavior of rat mothers and postnatal development of their pups. Adult female Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: bulbectomized (OBX) and sham-operated (SH)...
December 30, 2017: Physiological Research
Zahra Jalayeri-Darbandi, Aliakbar Rajabzadeh, Mahmoud Hosseini, Farimah Beheshti, Alireza Ebrahimzadeh-Bideskan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of methamphetamine (MA) exposure during pregnancy and lactation on doublecortin (DCX) expression in the hippocampus of rat offspring and also on learning/memory. Thirty-five pregnant Wistar rats were randomly divided into seven groups of 5 rats each: three experimental groups, each receiving 5 mg/kg body weight (BW) intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of MA during pregnancy or/and lactation; three sham groups, each receiving saline injections; one control group, receiving no injection...
November 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
Adam N Perry, Richard J Ortiz, Keziah R Hernandez, Bruce S Cushing
Psychostimulant abuse is associated with a variety of impairments in social functioning, including an increased frequency of depression and aggression and deficits in social cognition. Psychostimulants reduce social investigation in rats and mice; however, it is less clear how other forms of social behavior (e.g., prosocial behavior) are affected. Females are also generally more sensitive to the effects of psychostimulants on locomotion and stereotyped behavior, which suggests that females might also display greater disruption of prosocial behavior...
September 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Ivana Hrebíčková, Mária Ševčíková, Eva Macúchová, Romana Šlamberová
Social behavior involves complex of different forms of interactions between individuals that is essential for healthy mental and physical development throughout lifespan. Psychostimulants, including methamphetamine (MA), have neurotoxic effect, especially, if they are targeting CNS during its critical periods of development. The present study was aimed on evaluation of changes in social interactions (SI) following scheduled prenatal/neonatal MA treatment in combination with acute application in adulthood. Eight groups of male and eight groups of female rats were tested in adulthood: rats, whose mothers were exposed to MA (5mg/ml/kg) or saline (SA, 1ml/kg) during the first half of gestation (ED 1-11), the second half of gestation (ED 12-22) and neonatal period (PD 1-11)...
July 8, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Daniela Rüedi-Bettschen, Donna M Platt
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse by pregnant women is a commonly observed phenomenon. While the harmful effects of METH are well described for adults, there is only limited knowledge of the effects of METH use during pregnancy on the developing child. In the present study, we investigated how intraveneous (iv) METH self-administration throughout pregnancy affected rat dams and their offspring through weaning, compared to controls. METHODS: Female rats (n=16) were trained to self-administer METH iv; every drug infusion by a dam also resulted in a saline injection to a yoked control (n=16)...
August 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Mária Ševčíková, Ivana Hrebíčková, Eva Macúchová, Romana Šlamberová
Since it enters breast milk, methamphetamine (MA) abuse during lactation can not only affect the quality of maternal behavior but also postnatal development of pups. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of injected MA (5mg/kg) on maternal behavior of rats and the differences in postnatal development, during postnatal days (PD) 1-11, of pups when the pups were directly exposed (i.e., injected) to MA or received MA indirectly via breast milk. Maternal behavior was examined using observation test (PD 1-22) and pup retrieval test (PD 1-12)...
June 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Fariba Baei, Aliakbar Rajabzadeh, Javad Bagheri, Zahra Jalayeri, Alireza Ebrahimzadeh-Bideskan
Pregnant women constitute about half the users of methamphetamine (MA), in whom the consumption may continue during breastfeeding. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of MA use during pregnancy and lactation on the hippocampus of pups. 35 pregnant Wistar rats were divided into seven groups, including three experimental groups daily administered with 5 mg/kg of MA (i.p.) during the prenatal and/or postnatal period (PND1-22). In addition, three sham control groups received normal saline at the same dose, and one normal control group received no interventions since early pregnancy until the end of lactation...
August 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
I Hrebíčková, M Ševčíková, K Nohejlová, R Šlamberová
Psychostimulants, including methamphetamine (MA), have neurotoxic effect, especially, if they are targeting CNS during its critical periods of development. The present study was aimed to examine cognitive changes after prenatal and neonatal MA treatment in combination with chronic MA exposure in adulthood of male rats. Eight groups of male rats were tested in adulthood: males whose mothers were exposed to MA (5 mg/kg) or saline (SA, 1 ml/kg) during the first half of gestation period (GD 1-11), the second half of gestation period (GD 12-22) and neonatal period (PD 1-11)...
December 22, 2016: Physiological Research
Kate McDonnell-Dowling, John P Kelly
Many preclinical studies have aimed to elucidate the effects of methamphetamine (MA) exposure during pregnancy on the offspring in recent years. However, the severity of effects on the neonate may be related to the subcutaneous (sc) route of administration of the drug that is often employed (88% of preclinical studies) and consequently the delivered dose that the foetus is exposed to. To date there is a paucity of comparative studies investigating different routes of administration for MA during pregnancy and it is not known how these different routes compare when it comes to neonatal outcome...
April 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Boyd R Rorabaugh, Sarah L Seeley, Albert D Bui, Lisanne Sprague, Manoranjan S D'Souza
Methamphetamine is one of the most common illicit drugs abused during pregnancy. The neurological effects of prenatal methamphetamine are well known. However, few studies have investigated the potential effects of prenatal methamphetamine on adult cardiovascular function. Previous work demonstrated that prenatal cocaine exposure increases sensitivity of the adult heart to ischemic injury. Methamphetamine and cocaine have different mechanisms of action, but both drugs exert their effects by increasing dopaminergic and adrenergic receptor stimulation...
February 15, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Kate McDonnell-Dowling, John P Kelly
Methamphetamine (MA) has become a popular drug of abuse in recent years not only in the general population but also amongst pregnant women. Although there is a growing body of preclinical investigations of MA exposure during pregnancy, there has been little investigation of the consequences of such exposure via the breast milk during the neonatal period. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the consequences of MA exposure during pregnancy and lactation on neurodevelopment and behaviour in the rat offspring...
December 2015: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
M Malinová-Ševčíková, I Hrebíčková, E Macúchová, E Nová, M Pometlová, R Šlamberová
The present study examined the hypothesis that the extension of noxious effect of methamphetamine (MA) on maternal behavior and postnatal development on the pups may differ in dependence with time of application. Female rats were injected with MA (5 mg/kg) or saline during first (embryonic day (ED) 1-11) or second (ED 12-22) half of gestation. Our results demonstrated that MA exposure on ED 12-22 led to decreased birth weight and weight gained during lactation period relative to rats treated on ED 1-11. Both sexes treated prenatally with MA on ED 1-11 opened eyes earlier compared to animals treated on ED 12-22...
2014: Physiological Research
Emily Hensleigh, Laurel M Pritchard
Methamphetamine abuse impacts the global economy through costs associated with drug enforcement, emergency room visits, and treatment. Previous research has demonstrated early life stress, such as childhood abuse, increases the likelihood of developing a substance abuse disorder. However, the effects of early life stress on neuronal damage induced by binge methamphetamine administration are unknown. We aimed to elucidate the effects of early life stress on methamphetamine induced dopamine damage in the striatum...
December 15, 2015: Behavioural Brain Research
Lukas Rambousek, Petr Kacer, Kamila Syslova, Jakub Bumba, Vera Bubenikova-Valesova, Romana Slamberova
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is a growing health problem worldwide, and METH use during pregnancy not only endangers the mother's health but also the developing fetus. To provide better insight into these risks, we performed the following experiments. METHOD: First, we investigated how sex influences the pharmacokinetics of METH and amphetamine (AMP) in male and female rats. Subsequently, we simulated chronic exposure of prenatal infants to METH abuse by investigating brain and plasma levels of METH and AMP in dams and pups...
June 1, 2014: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
E Hensleigh, L M Pritchard
Early life stress leads to several effects on neurological development, affecting health and well-being later in life. Instances of child abuse and neglect are associated with higher rates of depression, risk taking behavior, and an increased risk of drug abuse later in life. This study used repeated neonatal separation of rat pups as a model of early life stress. Rat pups were either handled and weighed as controls or separated for 180 min per day during postnatal days 2-8. In adulthood, male and female rats were tested for methamphetamine conditioned place preference reward and methamphetamine induced locomotor activity...
July 15, 2014: Behavioural Brain Research
Candace R Lewis, Kelsey Staudinger, Lena Scheck, M Foster Olive
The maternal separation (MS) paradigm is an animal model of early life stress. Animals subjected to MS during the first 2 weeks of life display altered behavioral and neuroendocrinological stress responses as adults. MS also produces altered responsiveness to and self-administration (SA) of various drugs of abuse including cocaine, ethanol, and amphetamine. However, no studies have yet examined the effects of MS on methamphetamine (METH) SA. This study was performed to examine the effects of MS on the acquisition of METH SA, extinction, and reinstatement of METH-seeking behavior in adulthood...
2013: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Timothy A Esbenshade, Kaitlin E Browman, Thomas R Miller, Kathleen M Krueger, Victoria Komater-Roderwald, Min Zhang, Gerard B Fox, Lynne Rueter, Holly M Robb, Richard J Radek, Karla U Drescher, Thomas A Fey, R Scott Bitner, Kennan Marsh, James S Polakowski, Chen Zhao, Marlon D Cowart, Arthur A Hancock, James P Sullivan, Jorge D Brioni
Blockade of the histamine H(3) receptor (H(3)R) enhances central neurotransmitter release, making it an attractive target for the treatment of cognitive disorders. Here, we present in vitro and in vivo pharmacological profiles for the H(3)R antagonist 2-[4'-((3aR,6aR)-5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrol-1-yl)-biphenyl-4-yl]-2H-pyridazin-3-one (ABT-288). ABT-288 is a competitive antagonist with high affinity and selectivity for human and rat H(3)Rs (K(i) = 1.9 and 8.2 nM, respectively) that enhances the release of acetylcholine and dopamine in rat prefrontal cortex...
October 2012: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Laurel M Pritchard, Emily Hensleigh, Sarah Lynch
RATIONALE: Neonatal maternal separation (MS) has been used to model the effects of early life stress in rodents. MS alters behavioral responses to a variety of abused drugs, but few studies have examined its effects on methamphetamine sensitivity. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effects of MS on locomotor and stereotyped responses to low-to-moderate doses of methamphetamine in male and female adolescent rats. METHODS: Male and female rat pups were subjected to 3 h per day of MS on postnatal days (PN) 2-14 or a brief handling control procedure during the same period...
September 2012: Psychopharmacology
L Hrubá, B Schutová, R Šlamberová
The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of prenatal and postnatal methamphetamine (MA) exposure on behavior and anxiety in adult male and female rats. Mothers were daily exposed to injection of MA (5 mg/kg) or saline (S): prior to impregnation and throughout gestation and lactation periods. On postnatal day 1, pups were cross-fostered so that each mother raised 6 saline-exposed pups and 6 MA-exposed pups. Based on the prenatal and postnatal exposure 4 experimental groups (S/S, S/MA, MA/S, MA/MA) were tested in the Open field (OF) and in the Elevated plus maze (EPM) in adulthood...
January 18, 2012: Physiology & Behavior
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