keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stroke unknown reason

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142956/hypertension-control-apparent-treatment-resistance-and-outcomes-in-the-elderly-population-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Jean Kaboré, Marie Metzger, Catherine Helmer, Claudine Berr, Christophe Tzourio, Tilman B Drueke, Ziad A Massy, Bénédicte Stengel
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is often associated with poor hypertension control and treatment resistance, but whether CKD modifies the effect of hypertension control on outcomes is unknown. Methods: We studied 10-year mortality and cardiovascular events according to hypertension control status and CKD (glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73m(2)) in 4262 community-dwelling individuals (40% men) more than 65 years of age. Results: At baseline, 19% had CKD, and 31...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022854/single-center-mid-term-experience-with-chimney-graft-technique-for-the-preservation-of-flow-to-the-supra-aortic-branches
#2
Robert Shahverdyan, Spyridon Mylonas, Michael Gawenda, Jan Brunkwall
Objectives To investigate the feasibility and the mid-term outcomes of the chimney-graft technique for the revascularization of supra-aortic branches in patients with thoracic aortic pathologies involving the aortic arch. Methods A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database between January 2010 and July 2016 was performed. Primary endpoints were 30-day and overall mortality. Secondary endpoints were technical success, target vessel patency, stroke/transitory ischemic attack and type I/III endoleak rate...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021849/feasibility-safety-and-potential-demand-of-emergent-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices
#3
Maki Ono, Makoto Suzuki, Mitsuaki Isobe
BACKGROUND: The feasibility, safety, and potential demand of emergent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patients with a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) in emergency situations are unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively compared emergent and scheduled MRI orders for patients with CIEDs at Kameda General Hospital, a tertiary hospital in Japan, from October 2012 to September 2016. RESULTS: We identified 11 emergent MRI orders via the emergency room and 38 scheduled MRI orders...
October 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973961/adapting-tai-chi-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation-post-stroke-a-feasibility-study
#4
Shujuan Pan, Dahlia Kairy, Hélène Corriveau, Michel Tousignant
Background: Tai chi (TC) has been reported as being beneficial for improving balance post stroke, yet its utility in upper limb rehabilitation remains unknown. Methods: Twelve chronic stroke survivors with persistent paresis of an upper limb underwent 60 minutes of adapted TC twice a week for eight weeks, with a 4-week follow up. A 10-min TC home program was recommended for the days without sessions. TC level of performance, attendance to the sessions, duration of self-practice at home, and adapted TC movements used were recorded...
September 30, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927181/relationship-of-depression-screening-in-cardiometabolic-disease-with-vascular-events-and-mortality-findings-from-a-large-primary-care-cohort-with-4-years-follow-up
#5
Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Charles Boachie, Colin McCowan, Sarah J E Barry, Jonathan Cavanagh, Frances S Mair
Aims: Benefits of routine depression screening for cardiometabolic disease patients remain unclear. We examined the association between depression screening and all-cause mortality and vascular events in cardiometabolic disease patients. Methods and results: 125 143 patients with cardiometabolic diseases (coronary heart disease, diabetes or previous stroke) in the UK participated in primary care chronic disease management in 2008/09, which included depression screening using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822561/comparison-of-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-among-employed-versus-unemployed-from-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elsayed Z Soliman, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Suzanne Judd, Virginia J Howard, George Howard
Involuntary unemployment due to job loss has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. Whether it also is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) is currently unknown. Therefore, we examined this association in 8,812 participants residing mainly in the Southeastern United States (mean age 58.1 ± 7.8 years; 63.2%; women; 43.2% black) with data on employment status who were enrolled in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study between 2003 and 2007 after excluding those with voluntary unemployment (retiree, homemakers, and students)...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705381/usefulness-of-atrial-premature-complexes-on-routine-electrocardiogram-to-determine-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-regards-study
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Wesley T O'Neal, Hooman Kamel, Suzanne E Judd, Monika M Safford, Viola Vaccarino, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Elsayed Z Soliman
Atrial premature complexes (APCs) serve as acute triggers for atrial fibrillation (AF), but it is currently unknown whether the association between APCs and AF varies by race or sex. We examined the association between APCs and AF in 13,840 (mean age = 63 ± 8.4 years; 56% women; 37% black) participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study. APCs were detected on baseline electrocardiograms (2003 to 2007). Incident AF was identified by study-scheduled electrocardiograms and self-reported history at a follow-up examination...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701217/association-of-baseline-steroid-use-with-long-term-rates-of-infection-and-sepsis-in-the-regards-cohort
#8
Ninad S Chaudhary, John P Donnelly, Justin X Moore, John W Baddley, Monika M Safford, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: Prior studies associate steroid use with infection risk but were limited to select populations and short follow-up periods. The association of steroid use with long-term risk of community-acquired infections is unknown. We sought to determine the association of steroid risk with long-term risks of community- acquired infections and sepsis. METHODS: We used data on 30,239 adults aged ≥ 45 years old from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort...
July 13, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692106/haemostasis-biomarkers-and-risk-of-intracerebral-haemorrhage-in-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#9
Neil A Zakai, Nels C Olson, Suzanne E Judd, Dawn O Kleindorfer, Brett M Kissela, George Howard, Mary Cushman
Pathologic alterations in haemostasis cause bleeding disorders, but it is unknown if variation within the normal range relates to intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) risk. It was our objective to assess the prospective associations of haemostasis biomarkers with ICH risk. The REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study (REGARDS) recruited 30,239 U. S. individuals aged ≥45 years. ICH was ascertained through biannual telephone contact and review of deaths followed by medical record evaluation...
August 30, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615894/unknown-patients-and-neurology-casualty-services-in-an-indian-metropolitan-city-a-decades-experience
#10
Achary Umesh, Guru S Gowda, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Ragasudha Botta, Ravi Yadav, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: A large number of unknown patients without any personal, family, or other identification details represent a unique problem in the neurological emergency services of developing countries like India in a context of legal, humanitarian, and treatment issues. These patients pose a diagnostic and management challenge to treating physicians and staff. There are sparse data on these patients. The objective of this study was to know the clinical, socio-demographic, and investigational profile of "unknown" patients...
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554716/acute-hemodynamic-effects-of-intra-aortic-balloon-counterpulsation-pumps-in-advanced-heart-failure
#11
Shiva K Annamalai, Lyanne Buiten, Michele L Esposito, Vikram Paruchuri, Andrew Mullin, Catalina Breton, Robert Pedicini, Ryan O'Kelly, Kevin Morine, Benjamin Wessler, Ayan R Patel, Michael S Kiernan, Richard H Karas, Navin K Kapur
BACKGROUND: The utility of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation pumps (IABPs) in low cardiac output states is unknown and no studies have explored the impact of IABP therapy on ventricular workload in patients with advanced heart failure (HF). For these reasons, we explored the acute hemodynamic effects of IABP therapy in patients with advanced HF. METHODS: We prospectively studied 10 consecutive patients with stage D HF referred for IABP placement before left ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery and compared with 5 control patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) who did not receive IABP therapy...
August 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456465/fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-and-the-risk-of-stroke-in-the-regards-cohort
#12
Leslie A McClure, Matthew S Loop, William Crosson, Dawn Kleindorfer, Brett Kissela, Mohammad Al-Hamdan
BACKGROUND: Ambient particulate matter has been shown to be associated with declining human health, although the association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and stroke is uncertain. METHODS: We utilized satellite-derived measures of PM2.5 to examine the association between exposure and stroke in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. We used a time-stratified case-crossover design, with exposure lags of 1 day, 2 days, and 3 days...
August 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280138/sickle-cell-trait-and-the-risk-of-esrd-in-blacks
#13
Rakhi P Naik, Marguerite R Irvin, Suzanne Judd, Orlando M Gutiérrez, Neil A Zakai, Vimal K Derebail, Carmen Peralta, Michael R Lewis, Degui Zhi, Donna Arnett, William McClellan, James G Wilson, Alexander P Reiner, Jeffrey B Kopp, Cheryl A Winkler, Mary Cushman
Blacks, compared with whites, have an increased risk of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Emerging evidence suggests that, in addition to APOL1 high-risk genotypes, hemoglobin variants, including sickle cell trait (SCT) and hemoglobin C trait, have a role in kidney disease in blacks. However, the association between these hemoglobin traits and ESRD remains unknown. In a large population-based cohort, the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, we evaluated 9909 self-reported blacks (739 with SCT and 243 with hemoglobin C trait)...
July 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276256/lipid-lowering-treatment-modifications-among-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-and-a-prior-cardiovascular-event-a-us-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Rajeshwari S Punekar, Kathleen M Fox, Carly J Paoli, Akshara Richhariya, Mark J Cziraky, Shravanthi R Gandra, Peter P Toth
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies demonstrate that, even with use of statins, many patients are unable to meet their LDL-C goals. This study examined modifications to statin and/or ezetimibe therapy among patients with hyperlipidemia and prior history of cardiovascular (CV) events in a US commercially insured population. METHODS: Adults (age ≥18 years) initiating statins and/or ezetimibe between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2008 were identified from HealthCore Integrated Research Database...
May 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268067/application-of-the-third-international-consensus-definitions-for-sepsis-sepsis-3-classification-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#15
John P Donnelly, Monika M Safford, Nathan I Shapiro, John W Baddley, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) present clinical criteria for the classification of patients with sepsis. We investigated incidence and long-term outcomes of patients diagnosed with these classifications, which are currently unknown. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis using data from 30 239 participants from the USA who were aged at least 45 years and enrolled in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort...
June 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069027/reliability-of-health-related-quality-of-life-assessments-made-by-older-adults-and-significant-others-for-health-states-of-increasing-cognitive-impairment
#16
Gina Bravo, Modou Sene, Marcel Arcand
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged by many organizations to engage in advance care planning in the event of decisional incapacity. Planning for future health care often involves anticipating health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in states of reduced cognitive functioning. No study has yet examined whether anticipated HRQoL is stable over time. The accuracy with which significant others can predict how an older adult envisions HRQoL in a future state of cognitive impairment is also unknown...
January 7, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061370/fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-premature-ventricular-contractions-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#17
Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jimmy T Efird, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Leslie A McClure
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if higher levels of ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure increase the risk for premature ventricular contractions (PVC) in a population-based study of men and women, and if this relationship varies by race or sex. METHODS: We examined the association of PM <2.5µm in diameter (PM2.5) concentration with PVCs in 26,121 (mean age=64±9.3 years; 55% female; 41% black) participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study...
April 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870971/modes-of-death-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#18
Stefan Aschauer, Caroline Zotter-Tufaro, Franz Duca, Andreas Kammerlander, Daniel Dalos, Julia Mascherbauer, Diana Bonderman
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that reduced right ventricular function is an important predictor of outcome in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Because affected patients suffer from a broad spectrum of non-cardiac co-morbidities, it remains unclear, whether they actually die from right heart failure (RHF) or as a consequence of other conditions. METHODS: Consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HFpEF were enrolled in this prospective registry...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601375/prediction-of-stroke-onset-is-improved-by-relative-fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-and-perfusion-imaging-compared-to-the-visual-diffusion-weighted-imaging-fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-mismatch
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anke Wouters, Patrick Dupont, Bo Norrving, Rico Laage, Götz Thomalla, Gregory W Albers, Vincent Thijs, Robin Lemmens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stroke patients with unknown time of symptom onset are ineligible for thrombolysis. The diffusion-weighted imaging and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) mismatch is a reasonable predictor of stroke within 4.5 hours of symptom onset, and its clinical usefulness in selecting patients for thrombolysis is currently being investigated. The accuracy of the visual mismatch rating is moderate, and we hypothesized that the predictive value of stroke onset within 4...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529786/premature-atrial-contractions-on-the-screening-electrocardiogram-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#20
Wesley T O'Neal, Hooman Kamel, Dawn Kleindorfer, Suzanne E Judd, George Howard, Virginia J Howard, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown if premature atrial contractions (PACs) detected on the routine screening electrocardiogram are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. METHODS: We examined the association between PACs and ischemic stroke in 22,975 (mean age 64 ± 9.2; 56% women; 40% black) participants from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. Participants who were free of stroke at baseline were included. PACs were detected from centrally read electrocardiograms at baseline...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
keyword
keyword
87497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"