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Yu Jie Niu, Jian Wei Zhou, Si Wei Yang, Gui Zhen Wang, Li Liu, Li Min Hua
For understanding the effect of aspect and altitude of hill on soil moisture and temperature as well as the vegetation community, we selected an alpine meadow located on a hill in north-eastern Tibet Plateau as our study area. Data on soil moisture and temperature, as well as plant distribution pattern in this mountain ecosystem were collected. We used regression analysis, CCA ordination and variance decomposition, to determine the impacts of the key factors (aspect, altitude, soil temperature and moisture) on plant diversity distribution in 189 sample sites of the hill...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Mohammad Vatanparast, Adrian Powell, Jeff J Doyle, Ashley N Egan
Premise of the Study: The development of pipelines for locus discovery has spurred the use of target enrichment for plant phylogenomics. However, few studies have compared pipelines from locus discovery and bait design, through validation, to tree inference. We compared three methods within Leguminosae (Fabaceae) and present a workflow for future efforts. Methods: Using 30 transcriptomes, we compared Hyb-Seq, MarkerMiner, and the Yang and Smith (Y&S) pipelines for locus discovery, validated 7501 baits targeting 507 loci across 25 genera via Illumina sequencing, and inferred gene and species trees via concatenation- and coalescent-based methods...
March 2018: Applications in Plant Sciences
Yao Fu, Jin-Chao Yang, Antony Balfour Cunningham, Alexandra Maria Towns, Yu Zhang, Hua-Ying Yang, Jian-Wen Li, Xue-Fei Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal teas have long been consumed by Chinese people for preventive and/or therapeutic healthcare. Although herbal teas are widely consumed by many cultural groups in different regions of China, no thorough review has been undertaken to assess the diversity of the country's herbal tea usage. This literature review, complemented by a quantitative survey in an important tea market in Kunming, begins to fill this knowledge gap. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The study aims to summarize the current knowledge of plant species used as herbal teas by different cultural groups in different regions of China, with a focus on the teas' perceived traditional healthcare functions, related phytochemical/pharmaceutical research, and safety issues...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Manuel de la Estrella, Félix Forest, Bente Klitgård, Gwilym P Lewis, Barbara A Mackinder, Luciano P de Queiroz, Jan J Wieringa, Anne Bruneau
Detarioideae (81 genera, c. 760 species) is one of the six Leguminosae subfamilies recently reinstated by the Legume Phylogeny Working Group. This subfamily displays high morphological variability and is one of the early branching clades in the evolution of legumes. Using previously published and newly generated sequences from four loci (matK-trnK, rpL16, trnG-trnG2G and ITS), we develop a new densely sampled phylogeny to assess generic relationships and tribal delimitations within Detarioideae. The ITS phylogenetic trees are poorly resolved, but the plastid data recover several strongly supported clades, which also are supported in a concatenated plastid + ITS sequence analysis...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tinde Van Andel, Ariane Scholman, Mieke Beumer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From 1640-1796, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) occupied the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Several VOC officers had a keen interest in the medicinal application of the local flora. The Leiden University Library holds a two-piece codex entitled: Icones Plantarum Malabaricarum, adscriptis nominibus et viribus, Vol. I. & II. (Illustrations of Plants from the Malabar, assigned names and strength). This manuscript contains 262 watercolour drawings of medicinal plants from Sri Lanka, with handwritten descriptions of local names, habitus, medicinal properties and therapeutic applications...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Rowan J Schley, Manuel de la Estrella, Oscar Alejandro Pérez-Escobar, Anne Bruneau, Timothy Barraclough, Félix Forest, Bente Klitgård
The flora of the Neotropics is unmatched in its diversity, however the mechanisms by which diversity has accumulated are debated and largely unclear. The Brownea clade (Leguminosae) is a characteristic component of the Neotropical flora, and the species within it are diverse in their floral morphology, attracting a wide variety of pollinators. This investigation aimed to estimate species divergence times and infer relationships within the group, in order to test whether the Brownea clade followed the 'cradle' or 'museum' model of diversification, i...
April 24, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Tahani Osman Issa, Yahya Sulieman Mohamed, Sakina Yagi, Reem Hassan Ahmed, Telal Mohammed Najeeb, Abdelrafie Mohamed Makhawi, Tarig Osman Khider
BACKGROUND: The inhabitants of western Sudan use traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments due to lack of medical doctors and unaffordable prices of pharmaceutical products. The present study is the first documentation of the traditional plant knowledge on medicinal uses of plants by healers in Algoz (South Kordofan), Sudan. METHOD: Ethnobotanical data were collected over a period from March to November 2015 using semi-structured interviews with 30 healers (24 male and 6 female) living in the investigated area...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Feng Xu, Xulong Huang, Hongmei Wu, Xiangpei Wang
There are a large number of new structure compounds with good pharmacological activity in the natural plants, can be applied to the treatment of human diseases. Finding active ingredients from the plants is one of the important ways to develop new drugs. Triterpenes are widespread in plants, and lupenone belongs to lupane type triterpenoids. Lupenone is very common natural ingredient distributed in multi-family plants including Asteraceae, Balanophoraceae, Cactaceae, Iridaceae, Musaceae, Urticaceae, Leguminosae, Bombacaceae, etc...
April 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Polliana Silva Rodrigues, Margarete Magalhães Souza, Cláusio Antônio Ferreira Melo, Telma Nair Santana Pereira, Ronan Xavier Corrêa
BACKGROUND: The Leguminosae family is the third-largest family of angiosperms, and Caesalpinioideae is its second-largest subfamily. A great number of species (approximately 205) are found in the Caesalpinia group within this subfamily; together with these species' phenotypic plasticity and the similarities in their morphological descriptors, make this a complex group for taxonomic and phylogenetic studies. The objective of the present work was to evaluate the karyotypic diversity and the 2C DNA content variation in 10 species of the Caesalpinia group, representing six genera: Paubrasilia, Caesalpinia, Cenostigma, Poincianella, Erythrostemon and Libidibia...
April 11, 2018: BMC Genetics
Hyung Seo Hwang, Joong Hyun Shim
Caesalpinia sappan L., belonging to the family Leguminosae, is a medicinal plant that is distributed in Southeast Asia. The dried heartwood of this plant is used as a traditional ingredient of food, red dyes, and folk medicines in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, tuberculosis, skin infections, and inflammation. Brazilin is the major active compound, which has exhibited various pharmacological effects, including anti-platelet activity, anti-hepatotoxicity, induction of immunological tolerance, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities...
March 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Shabir A Rather, Shweta Subramaniam, Shagun Danda, Arun K Pandey
Two new species of Fabaceae-Papilionoideae are described and illustrated. Crotalaria suffruticosa from Karul Ghat region of Maharashtra is morphologically close to C. albida and C. epunctata. C. multibracteata from Panhala region of Maharashtra resembles C. vestita. C. suffruticosa differs from C. albida and C. epunctata in its habit, leaf, inflorescence, callosity, keel type, stigma, style morphology and number of seeds/pod. To test if the new species differ from their morphologically most similar species, we measured various traits and performed a Principal Component Analysis (PCA)...
2018: PloS One
María-José Endara, Phyllis D Coley, Natasha L Wiggins, Dale L Forrister, Gordon C Younkin, James A Nicholls, R Toby Pennington, Kyle G Dexter, Catherine A Kidner, Graham N Stone, Thomas A Kursar
The need for species identification and taxonomic discovery has led to the development of innovative technologies for large-scale plant identification. DNA barcoding has been useful, but fails to distinguish among many species in species-rich plant genera, particularly in tropical regions. Here, we show that chemical fingerprinting, or 'chemocoding', has great potential for plant identification in challenging tropical biomes. Using untargeted metabolomics in combination with multivariate analysis, we constructed species-level fingerprints, which we define as chemocoding...
April 2018: New Phytologist
Jingchao Tang, Ruimei Cheng, Zuomin Shi, Gexi Xu, Shirong Liu, Mauro Centritto
Variation in photosynthetic-nitrogen use efficiency (PNUE) is generally affected by several factors such as leaf nitrogen allocation and leaf diffusional conductances to CO2, although it is still unclear which factors significantly affect PNUE in tropical montane rain forest trees. In this study, comparison of PNUE, photosynthetic capacity, leaf nitrogen allocation, and diffusional conductances to CO2 between five Fagaceae tree species and five Leguminosae tree species were analyzed in Jianfengling tropical montane rain forest, Hainan Island, China...
2018: PloS One
K Thenmozhi, N Anusuya, M Ajmal Ali, S Jamuna, K Karthika, A Venkatachalapathi, F M Al-Hemaid, M A Farah, S Paulsamy
The information on the hepatoprotective effect of Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. (Family Leguminosae) used in the folkloric medical practice in Malabar coast and Walayar valley of southern India for the treatment of liver related disorders is completely unknown. Hence, the efficacy of the aqueous methanolic extract of stem bark of B. malabarica (AqMeOH- Ba ) was evaluated for liver function serum biochemical markers along with the antioxidant markers in liver tissues of Wistar albino rats. The biochemical observations as well as the histopathological examination of liver sections manifested considerable hepatoprotective activity of B...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
M Z Yin, H S Peng, M E Cheng
Being a common materia medica, the confusion of Jixueteng caused by the homonyms of different substances for Jixueteng is always very complicated. Fengqing Jixueteng Paste was first created in the Qing Dynasty. Fengqing Jixueteng was derived from the dried stems of a variety of species in Kadsura Juss. and Schisandra Michx. from Schisandracea; while Kunming Jixueteng, derived from the dried stem of Millettia dielsiana Harms ex Diels, was firstly recorded in the Zhi wu ming shi tu kao ( Textual Research on Reality and Titles of Plants )...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Tayyaba Afsar, Suhail Razak, Maria Shabbir, Muhammad Rashid Khan
BACKGROUND: Acacia hydaspica belongs to family leguminosae possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. During our search for antioxidant compounds from A. hydaspica, we carried out bioassay guided fractionation and obtained antioxidant compounds with free radical scavenging activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The polyphenol compounds in the plant extract of A. hydaspica were isolated by combination of different chromatographic techniques involving vacuum liquid chromatography and medium pressure liquid chromatography...
January 25, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
Fiaz Alam, Gul Nawaz Khan, Muhammad Hassham Hassan Bin Asad
Psoralea corylifolia L. (Leguminosae) is a well-known traditional medicinal plant used from ancient times for treatment of various ailments. It is widely distributed and an important part of therapeutics in Ayurveda and in Chinese medicines. The aim of this review is to present comprehensive and most up to date report on its ethnobotanical, ethnopharmacological, clinical, phytochemical, and side effects. Studies on the ethnobotanical, ethnopharmacological, clinical, phytochemical, and side effects of P. corylifolia were published until year 2017 and were searched using various scientific databases...
December 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Patrick Amoateng, Dorcas Osei-Safo, Kennedy Kwami Edem Kukuia, Samuel Adjei, Obed Awintuma Akure, Constance Agbemelo-Tsomafo, Shirley Nyarko Adu-Poku, Kenneth Yaw Agyeman-Badu
Background: Albizia zygia is used in Ghanaian traditional medicine for the management of mental disorders. The present study tested the hypothesis that an extract of the leaves of Albizia zygia (AZE) may possess antipsychotic and antidepressant properties. Method: The novelty- and apomorphine-induced locomotor and rearing behaviours of AZE in mice were explored in an open-field observational test system. The effects of AZE in apomorphine-induced cage climbing test, extract-induced catalepsy, and haloperidol-induced catalepsy on mice were also investigated...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Michelle E Afkhami, D Luke Mahler, Jean H Burns, Marjorie G Weber, Martin F Wojciechowski, Janet Sprent, Sharon Y Strauss
How species interactions shape global biodiversity and influence diversification is a central - but also data-hungry - question in evolutionary ecology. Microbially based mutualisms are widespread and could cause diversification by ameliorating stress and thus allowing organisms to colonize and adapt to otherwise unsuitable habitats. Yet the role of these interactions in generating species diversity has received limited attention, especially across large taxonomic groups. In the massive angiosperm family Leguminosae, plants often associate with root-nodulating bacteria that ameliorate nutrient stress by fixing atmospheric nitrogen...
February 2018: Ecology
Adrian F Powell, Jeff J Doyle
Root nodule symbioses (nodulation) and whole genome duplication (WGD, polyploidy) are both important phenomena in the legume family (Leguminosae). Recently, it has been proposed that polyploidy may have played a critical role in the origin or refinement of nodulation. However, while nodulation and polyploidy have been studied independently, there have been no direct studies of mechanisms affecting the interactions between these phenomena in symbiotic, nodule-forming species. Here, we examined the transcriptome-level responses to inoculation in the young allopolyploid Glycine dolichocarpa (T2) and its diploid progenitor species to identify underlying processes leading to the enhanced nodulation responses previously identified in T2...
November 30, 2017: Genes
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