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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717307/traditional-treatment-of-human-and-animal-salmonelloses-in-southern-benin-knowledge-of-farmers-and-traditherapists
#1
T V Dougnon, E Déguénon, L Fah, B Lègba, Y M G Hounmanou, J Agbankpè, A Amadou, H Koudokpon, K Fabiyi, A Aniambossou, P Assogba, E Hounsa, M de Souza, F Avlessi, T J Dougnon, F Gbaguidi, M Boko, H S Bankolé, L Baba-Moussa
AIM: This study aimed to report medicinal plants that are likely to be used in the control of salmonellosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Southern Benin. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 150 farmers and 100 traditional therapists in seven high municipalities. This step helped to collect plants that are used in the treatment of animal salmonellosis and typhoid fever in human. RESULTS: The results revealed a low level of use of medicinal plants among breeders who prefer antibiotics such as oxytetracycline (53...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692115/an-optimized-protocol-for-dna-extraction-in-plants-with-a-high-content-of-secondary-metabolites-based-on-leaves-of-mimosa-tenuiflora-willd-poir-leguminosae
#2
S R Arruda, D G Pereira, M M Silva-Castro, M G Brito, A M Waldschmidt
Some species are characterized by a high content of tannins, alkaloids, and phenols in their leaves. These secondary metabolites are released during DNA extraction and might hinder molecular studies based on PCR (polymerase chain reaction). To provide an efficient method to extract DNA, Mimosa tenuiflora, an important leguminous plant from Brazilian semiarid region used in popular medicine and as a source of fuelwood or forage, was used. Eight procedures previously reported for plants were tested and adapted from leaf tissues of M...
July 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686183/development-and-evaluation-of-a-novel-set-of-est-ssr-markers-based-on-transcriptome-sequences-of-black-locust-robinia-pseudoacacia-l
#3
Qi Guo, Jin-Xing Wang, Li-Zhuo Su, Wei Lv, Yu-Han Sun, Yun Li
Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L. of the family Fabaceae) is an ecologically and economically important deciduous tree. However, few genomic resources are available for this forest species, and few effective expressed sequence tag-derived simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers have been developed to date. In this study, paired-end sequencing was used to sequence transcriptomes of R. pseudoacacia by the Illumina HiSeq TM2000 platform, and EST-SSR loci were identified by de novo assembly. Furthermore, a total of 1697 primer pairs were successfully designed, from which 286 primers met the selection screening criteria; 94 pairs were randomly selected and tested for validation using polymerase chain reaction amplification...
July 7, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677746/cassiae-semen-a-review-of-its-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-review
#4
Xiaoxv Dong, Jing Fu, Xingbin Yin, Chunjing Yang, Xin Zhang, Wenping Wang, Xueying Du, Qingling Wang, Jian Ni
Cassiae semen (Leguminosae), a well‑known traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for a number of centuries in areas of Southeast Asia, including Korea, Japan and China. The present review aims to provide updated and comprehensive information, on the botany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Cassiae semen. The available information on Cassiae semen was collected using several different resources, including classic books on Chinese herbal medicine and a number of scientific databases, including the China Academic Journals full‑text database, PubMed, SciFinder, the Web of Science and Science Direct...
June 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652014/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-man-pen-fang-a-chinese-herbal-compound-on-chronic-pelvic-inflammation-in-rats
#5
Li-Jun Zhang, Jian-Yong Zhu, Meng-Yao Sun, Ya-Nan Song, Khalid Rahman, Cheng Peng, Miao Zhang, Yu-Mei Ye, Hong Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become the focus of research for the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (CPID) based on unique medical theory system. Man-Pen-Fang (MPF), a Chinese herbal compound, which is composed of Thlaspi arvense L. (Cruciferae), Gleditsia sinensis Lam. (Leguminosae), Smilax china L. (Liliaceae), Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. (Celastraceae) and Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) (Caryophyllaceae) MPF has been used for the treatment of CPID and exerted significant clinical curative effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614730/antigenotoxic-prenylated-flavonoids-from-stem-bark-of-erythrina-latissima
#6
Yancho Zarev, Kenn Foubert, Vera Lucia de Almeida, Roel Anthonissen, Esameldin Elgorashi, Sandra Apers, Iliana Ionkova, Luc Verschaeve, Luc Pieters
A series of prenylated flavonoids was obtained from antigenotoxic extracts and fractions of stem bark of Erythrina latissima E. Mey (Leguminosae). In addition to five constituents never reported before, i.e. (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy-2-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-6-yl)chroman-4-one (erylatissin D), (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-methoxy-2-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-6-yl)chroman-4-one (erylatissin E), 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(4-methoxy-2-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-6-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (erylatissin F), (2S)-5,7,8'-trihydroxy-2',2'-dimethyl-[2,6'-bichroman]-4-one (erylatissin G) and (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-8'-methoxy-2',2'-dimethyl-[2,6'-bichroman]-4-one (dihydroabyssinin I), 18 known flavonoids were identified...
June 11, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578058/toralactone-glycoside-in-cassia-obtusifolia-mediates-hepatoprotection-via-an-nrf2-dependent-anti-oxidative-mechanism
#7
Yongtaek Seo, Jae-Sook Song, Young-Mi Kim, Young Pyo Jang
Cassia obtusifolia L. (Leguminosae) seeds are a well-known medicinal food in East Asia and are used to clear liver heat, sharpen vision, lubricate the intestines, and promote bowel movement. The aims of the present study were to identify the hepatoprotective components of C. obtusifolia seeds by bioactivity-guided isolation and to elucidate their mechanisms of action. Ten phenolic glycosides were isolated from the most active ethyl acetate fraction, and their chemical structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539068/ethanol-extract-and-chromatographic-fractions-of-tamarindus-indica-stem-bark-inhibits-newcastle-disease-virus-replication
#8
Omobola O Okoh, Grace E Obiiyeke, Uchechukwu U Nwodo, Anthony I Okoh
CONTEXT: The plethora of ethnomedicinal applications of Tamarindus indica Linn. (Leguminosae), tamarind, includes treatment of human and livestock ailments; preparations are recognized antipyretics in fevers, laxatives and carminatives. African folklore has various applications of tamarind. However, in Nyasaland, domestic fowl are fed with preparations for prophylactic properties. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the antiviral properties of T...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536982/cytogenetic-evidences-on-the-evolutionary-relationships-between-the-tetraploids-of-the-section-rhizomatosae-and-related-diploid-species-arachis-leguminosae
#9
Alejandra Marcela Ortiz, Germán Robledo, Guillermo Seijo, José Francisco Montenegro Valls, Graciela Inés Lavia
Rhizomatosae is a taxonomic section of the South American genus Arachis, whose diagnostic character is the presence of rhizomes in all its species. This section is of particular evolutionary interest because it has three polyploid (A. pseudovillosa, A. nitida and A. glabrata, 2n = 4x = 40) and only one diploid (A. burkartii, 2n = 2x = 20) species. The phylogenetic relationships of these species as well as the polyploidy nature and the origin of the tetraploids are still controversial. The present study provides an exhaustive analysis of the karyotypes of all rhizomatous species and six closely related diploid species of the sections Erectoides and Procumbentes by cytogenetic mapping of DAPI/CMA heterochromatin bands and 5S and 18-26S rDNA loci...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529457/deguelin-attenuates-allergic-airway-inflammation-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-mice
#10
Zhang Bao, Pei Zhang, Yinan Yao, Guohua Lu, Zhongkai Tong, Bing Yan, Lingfang Tu, Guangdie Yang, Jianying Zhou
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by airway inflammation and remodeling, resulting in a substantial economic burden on both patients and society. Deguelin, a constituent of the Leguminosae family, exhibits anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities in cancer mice models via inhibiting phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases and the NF-κB pathway. We demonstrated that deguelin effectively reduced OVA-induced inflammatory cell recruitment, decreased lung tissue inflammation and mucus production, suppressed airway hyperresponsiveness, and inhibited serum immunoglobulin and Th2 cytokine levels in a dose-dependent manner in asthmatic mice...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506902/ski3301-a-purified-herbal-extract-from-sophora-tonkinensis-inhibited-airway-inflammation-and-bronchospasm-in-allergic-asthma-animal-models-in-vivo
#11
Hunseung Yoo, Minseok Kang, Sungsoo Pyo, Hee-Sung Chae, Keun Ho Ryu, Jinwoong Kim, Young-Won Chin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sophora tonkinensis (Leguminosae, ST) is a traditional herbal plant in Korea and China. Its roots and rhizomes have been used to dissipate heat, to clear toxic material and to treat acute pharyngolaryngeal infections and sore throats. AIM OF STUDY: In this study, we tried to investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects of a purified extract (SKI3301) from Sophora tonkinensis using in vitro enzyme assay models and ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma animal models...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480398/ethnobotanical-study-of-plants-used-to-treat-asthma-in-the-maritime-region-in-togo
#12
Holaly E Gbekley, Gnatoulma Katawa, Simplice D Karou, SKokou Anani, Tchacondo Tchadjobo, Yaovi Ameyapoh, Komlan Batawila, Jacques Simpore
BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in modern society and it is evident that its incidence and severity are increasing, however very little is known about the plants used in the management of the disease. This study therefore aimed to document the plants usage in the Togolese traditional medicine to treat asthma. METHODOLOGY: From January to June 2015, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire with traditional healers (THs) in the southern region of Togo...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476988/plants-used-in-folkloric-medicine-of-iran-are-exquisite-bio-resources-in-production-of-silver-nanoparticles
#13
Mohadeseh Hassani Sadi, Gholam Hosein Shahidi Bonjar
This study reports screening of 102 Iranian medicinal plant species belonging to 49 families for the biosynthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Among tested plants, 37 species in 19 plant families are new bio-resources in this regard. Water extracts of macerated plant parts are used in this survey. Six of the bioactive plants are selected for further analysis. They produced amorphous spherical 40-70 nm AgNPs. Biosynthesised colloidal AgNPs are characterised by UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy...
April 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414935/cdna-cloning-molecular-modeling-and-docking-calculations-of-l-type-lectins-from-swartzia-simplex-var-grandiflora-leguminosae-papilionoideae-a-member-of-the-tribe-swartzieae
#14
Paulo A C Maranhão, Claudener S Teixeira, Bruno L Sousa, Ito L Barroso-Neto, José E Monteiro-Júnior, Andreia V Fernandes, Marcio V Ramos, Ilka M Vasconcelos, José F C Gonçalves, Bruno A M Rocha, Valder N Freire, Thalles B Grangeiro
The genus Swartzia is a member of the tribe Swartzieae, whose genera constitute the living descendants of one of the early branches of the papilionoid legumes. Legume lectins comprise one of the main families of structurally and evolutionarily related carbohydrate-binding proteins of plant origin. However, these proteins have been poorly investigated in Swartzia and to date, only the lectin from S. laevicarpa seeds (SLL) has been purified. Moreover, no sequence information is known from lectins of any member of the tribe Swartzieae...
July 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405866/ethnoveterinary-health-management-practices-using-medicinal-plants-in-south-asia-a-review
#15
Shanoo Suroowan, Faisal Javeed, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Mehwish Jamil Noor, Sadaf Kayani, Ali Javed, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally
Animal rearing is the major occupation of most population of South Asian countries. Due to lack of resources and limited approach to modern medicine, most of the livestock raisers prefer to use plant-based traditional medicine also referred to as ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM). Indeed, the use of medicinal plants in South Asia dates back to several centuries with documented evidences. However, there is currently a dearth of documentation and compilation of use of medicinal plants for animal diseases in this part of the world...
April 12, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403838/a-dalbergia-odorifera-extract-improves-the-survival-of-endotoxemia-model-mice-by-inhibiting-hmgb1-release
#16
Hyuk Soo Choi, Jin-A Park, Jung Seok Hwang, Sun Ah Ham, Taesik Yoo, Won Jin Lee, Kyung Shin Paek, Ho-Chul Shin, Chi-Ho Lee, Han Geuk Seo
BACKGROUND: Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) is an indigenous medicinal herb that is widely used as a popular remedy in northern and eastern Asia. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the biological activity of D. odorifera are not fully elucidated. METHODS: Anti-inflammatory effect of D. odorifera extract (DOE) was determined through intraperitoneal injection in a mouse model of endotoxemia induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). RAW 264.7 cells, a murine macrophage, were also treated with LPS to generate a cellular model of inflammation, and investigated the anti-inflammatory activity and underlying mechanisms of DOE and its constituent isoliquiritigenin...
April 12, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357634/bioactive-flavonoids-from-flos-sophorae
#17
Wenzhong Shi, Lili Liu, Jian Li, Lu Qu, Xu Pang, Haiyang Yu, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Three new flavonoid glycosides-soyaflavonosides A (1), B (2), and C (3)-together with 23 known ones were obtained from the 70% EtOH extract of Flos Sophorae (Sophora japonica, Leguminosae). Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Among the known isolates, 14, 18, 20, 22, and 26 were isolated from the Sophora genus for the first time; 12, 19, 24, and 25 were obtained from the species firstly. Moreover, NMR data for compounds 18 and 26 are reported for the first time here. Meanwhile, compounds 4, 8-13, 15, 16, 19, 21, and 22 presented obvious inhibitory effects on TG accumulation in HepG2 cells...
July 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355393/seed-removal-of-dipteryx-alata-vog-leguminosae-faboidae-in-the-edge-and-interior-of-cerrado
#18
J Ragusa-Netto
Post-dispersal seed agents of mortality include pathogens, invertebrates, and vertebrates, which may shape tropical tree populations and communities. In this study I experimentally evaluated Dipteryx alata endocarp removal both in the interior and edge of Cerrado vegetation. Specifically, I simulated primary dispersion of endocarps by bats and evaluated secondary removal intensity according to habitat, season, and endocarp number. This study was developed in the Pombo Natural Municipal Park, a large Cerrado remnant with an area of 9,000 ha, located in the Western Brazil...
March 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346361/specificity-in-legume-rhizobia-symbioses
#19
REVIEW
Mitchell Andrews, Morag E Andrews
Most species in the Leguminosae (legume family) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N₂) via symbiotic bacteria (rhizobia) in root nodules. Here, the literature on legume-rhizobia symbioses in field soils was reviewed and genotypically characterised rhizobia related to the taxonomy of the legumes from which they were isolated. The Leguminosae was divided into three sub-families, the Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae. Bradyrhizobium spp. were the exclusive rhizobial symbionts of species in the Caesalpinioideae, but data are limited...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334287/climate-trends-in-the-wood-anatomy-of-acacia-sensu-stricto-leguminosae-mimosoideae
#20
Nigel W M Warwick, Luke Hailey, Kerri L Clarke, Peter E Gasson
Background and Aims: This study investigates the structural diversity of the secondary xylem of 54 species of Acacia from four taxonomic sections collected across five climate regions along a 1200 km E-W transect from sub-tropical [approx. 1400 mm mean annual precipitation (MAP)] to arid (approx. 240 mm MAP) in New South Wales, Australia. Acacia sensu stricto ( s.s. ) is a critical group for understanding the effect of climate and phylogeny on the functional anatomy of wood. Methods: Wood samples were sectioned in transverse, tangential and radial planes for light microscopy and analysis...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Botany
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