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Leguminosae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944625/allergy-to-peanut-soybean-and-other-legumes-recent-advances-in-allergen-characterization-stability-to-processing-and-ige-cross-reactivity
#1
REVIEW
Beatriz Cabanillas, Uta Jappe, Natalija Novak
Peanut and soybean are members of the Leguminosae family. They are two of the eight foods that account for the most significant food allergies in the US and Europe. Allergic reactions to other legume species can be of importance in other regions of the world. The major allergens from peanut and soybean have been extensively analyzed and members of new protein families identified as potential marker allergens for symptom severity. Important recent advances concerning their molecular properties or clinical relevance have been made...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925932/chloroplast-genome-sequence-of-clusterbean-cyamopsis-tetragonoloba-l-genome-structure-and-comparative-analysis
#2
Tanvi Kaila, Pavan K Chaduvla, Hukam C Rawal, Swati Saxena, Anshika Tyagi, S V Amitha Mithra, Amolkumar U Solanke, Pritam Kalia, T R Sharma, N K Singh, Kishor Gaikwad
Clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.), also known as guar, belongs to the family Leguminosae, and is an annual herbaceous legume. Guar is the main source of galactomannan for gas mining industries. In the present study, the draft chloroplast genome of clusterbean was generated and compared to some of the previously reported legume chloroplast genomes. The chloroplast genome of clusterbean is 152,530 bp in length, with a quadripartite structure consisting of large single copy (LSC) and small single copy (SSC) of 83,025 bp and 17,879 bp in size, respectively, and a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 25,790 bp in size...
September 19, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919947/genomic-characterisation-of-arachis-porphyrocalyx-valls-c-e-simpson-2005-leguminosae-multiple-origin-of-arachis-species-with-x-9
#3
Silvestri María Celeste, Alejandra Marcela Ortiz, Germán Ariel Robledo, José Francisco Montenegro Valls, Graciela Inés Lavia
The genus Arachis Linnaeus, 1753 comprises four species with x = 9, three belong to the section Arachis: Arachis praecox (Krapov. W.C. Greg. & Valls, 1994), Arachis palustris (Krapov. W.C. Greg. & Valls, 1994) and Arachis decora (Krapov. W.C. Greg. & Valls, 1994) and only one belongs to the section Erectoides: Arachis porphyrocalyx (Valls & C.E. Simpson, 2005). Recently, the x = 9 species of section Arachis have been assigned to G genome, the latest described so far. The genomic relationship of Arachis porphyrocalyx with these species is controversial...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911661/corrigendum-to-biopharmaceutical-potentials-of-prosopis-spp-mimosaceae-leguminosa-j-food-drug-anal-25-2017-187-196
#4
Santhaseelan Henciya, Prabha Seturaman, Arthur Rathinam James, Yi-Hong Tsai, Rahul Nikam, Yang-Chang Wu, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Fang Rong Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911536/biopharmaceutical-potentials-of-prosopis-spp-mimosaceae-leguminosa
#5
REVIEW
Santhaseelan Henciya, Prabha Seturaman, Arthur Rathinam James, Yi-Hong Tsai, Rahul Nikam, Yang-Chang Wu, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Fang Rong Chang
Prosopis is a commercially important plant genus, which has been used since ancient times, particularly for medicinal purposes. Traditionally, Paste, gum, and smoke from leaves and pods are applied for anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial purposes. Components of Prosopis such as flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, quinones, or phenolic compounds demonstrate potentials in various biofunctions, such as analgesic, anthelmintic, antibiotic, antiemetic, microbial antioxidant, antimalarial, antiprotozoal, antipustule, and antiulcer activities; enhancement of H(+), K(+), ATPases; oral disinfection; and probiotic and nutritional effects; as well as in other biopharmaceutical applications, such as binding abilities for tablet production...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910286/potential-dna-barcodes-for-melilotus-species-based-on-five-single-loci-and-their-combinations
#6
Fan Wu, Jinxing Ma, Yuqin Meng, Daiyu Zhang, Blaise Pascal Muvunyi, Kai Luo, Hongyan Di, Wenli Guo, Yanrong Wang, Baochang Feng, Jiyu Zhang
Melilotus, an annual or biennial herb, belongs to the tribe Trifolieae (Leguminosae) and consists of 19 species. As an important green manure crop, diverse Melilotus species have different values as feed and medicine. To identify different Melilotus species, we examined the efficiency of five candidate regions as barcodes, including the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and two chloroplast loci, rbcL and matK, and two non-coding loci, trnH-psbA and trnL-F. In total, 198 individuals from 98 accessions representing 18 Melilotus species were sequenced for these five potential barcodes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894631/ethnopharmacological-survey-on-traditional-medicinal-plants-at-kalaroa-upazila-satkhira-district-khulna-division-bangladesh
#7
Oby Dulla, Farhana Israt Jahan
AIM: The traditional source of medicinal plants is an important way for daily curative uses in the rural area throughout Bangladesh. An ethnomedicinal survey was conducted in a randomized manner among traditional medicinal practitioners to find out about the medicinal plants of Kalaroa, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information was collected through conducting interviews, discussion, and field observations with herbal healers and knowledgeable elders of the study areas from November 01, 2015, to December 31, 2015, who pointed out various medicinal plants and described their uses, using semi-structured questionnaires...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888089/antidiabetic-potential-of-polyphenolic-rich-fraction-of-tamarindus-indica-seed-coat-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#8
Santosh Singh Bhadoriya, Aditya Ganeshpurkar, Ravi Pratap Singh Bhadoriya, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Jay Ram Patel
BACKGROUND: Tamarindus is a monotypic genus and belongs to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae), Tamarindus indica L., commonly known as Tamarind tree is one of the most important multipurpose tropical fruit tree species in the India, Sudan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and entire subcontinent. METHODS: Hydroethanolic seed coat extract of Tamarindus indica (HETI) was assessed for presence of phytoconstituents and selection of optimum dose through acute and sub acute toxicity study...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887919/cassia-tora-linn-a-boon-to-alzheimer-s-disease-for-its-anti-amyloidogenic-and-cholinergic-activities
#9
K R Chethana, Fatma Sezer Senol, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, K R Anilakumar, Rangappa S Keri
BACKGROUND: Drug discovery from natural products as alternatives for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a current trend. For which plant is an alternative for searching potential molecule for treating AD. Availability of Cassia tora as weed and abundance in nature makes it as potential source. Many plants group under Leguminosae family has potential medicinal property of which Cassia tora is an appropriate choice, to know potency against AD. Etiology of AD is described by senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles...
September 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836188/heme-oxygenase-1-inducing-activity-of-4-methoxydalbergione-and-4-hydroxy-4-methoxydalbergione-from-dalbergia-odorifera-and-their-anti-inflammatory-and-cytoprotective-effects-in-murine-hippocampal-and-bv2-microglial-cell-line-and-primary-rat-microglial-cells
#10
Dong-Cheol Kim, Dong-Sung Lee, Wonmin Ko, Kwan-Woo Kim, Hye Jin Kim, Chi-Su Yoon, Hyuncheol Oh, Youn-Chul Kim
Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) grows in Central and South America, Africa, Madagascar, and Southern Asia. D. odorifera possesses many useful pharmacological properties, such as antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities in various cell types. 4-Methoxydalbergione (MTD) and 4'-hydroxy-4-methoxydalbergione (HMTD) were isolated from the EtOH extract of D. odorifera by several chromatography methods. The chemical structures were elucidated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrum (MS)...
August 23, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822705/anti-dermatophyte-activity-of-leguminosae-plants-from-southern-brazil-with-emphasis-on-mimosa-pigra-leguminosae
#11
C B de Morais, M Scopel, G P R Pedrazza, F K da Silva, D F Dalla Lana, M L Tonello, S T S Miotto, M M Machado, L F S De Oliveira, A M Fuentefria, J A S Zuanazzi
BACKGROUND: Intensive prophylactic use of antifungals leads to the increase of drug resistance and the need for new and more effective treatments are real. Plants from Leguminosae family are rich in flavonoids, for which numerous biological activities have been described, including antifungal effects. PURPOSE: To screen methanolic extracts from Leguminosae species looking for alternative sources for antifungal agents (anti-dermatophyte and anti-Candida) and their innocuity...
August 16, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800105/anti-anxiety-effect-of-syringaresnol-4-o-%C3%AE-d-apiofuranosyl-1%C3%A2-2-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranoside-from-albizzia-julibrissin-durazz-leguminosae
#12
Jie Liu, Yue-Wei Lv, Jin-Li Shi, Xiao-Jie Ma, Yi Chen, Zhi-Quan Zheng, Sheng-Nan Wang, Jian-You Guo
Albizzia julibrissin Durazz, a Chinese Medicine, is commonly used for its anti-anxiety effects. (-)-syringaresnol-4-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (SAG) is the main ingredient of Albizzia julibrissin Durazz. The present study investigated the anxiolytic effect and potential mechanisms on the HPA axis and monoaminergic systems of SAG on acute restraint-stressed rats. The anxiolytic effect of SAG was examined through an open field test and an elevated plus maze test. The concentration of CRF, ACTH, and CORT in plasma was examined by an enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) kit while neurotransmitters in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of the brain were examined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)...
August 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798493/soybean-aphid-aphis-glycines-hemiptera-aphididae-developmental-and-reproductive-capacity-on-white-clover-trifolium-repens-rosales-leguminosae-in-northeast-china
#13
Xiaohui Chen, Yanjie Fan, Wei Zhang, Zhenqi Tian, Jian Liu, Kuijun Zhao
Nymphs of Aphis glycines Matsumura were individually reared to adults in the laboratory on detached leaf discs of Trifolium repens L. (white clover) mounted on agar medium. Adults of A. glycines were fed T. repens within small clip cages in the field. Development, reproduction and intrinsic rates of increase of A. glycines were studied. These data were compared to those of controls fed known host plants including cultivated soybean Glycine max (L.) Merr. and the wild soybean species Glycine soja Sieb & Zucc...
2017: Applied Entomology and Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769789/knowledge-of-medicinal-plants-for-children-diseases-in-the-environs-of-district-bannu-khyber-pakhtoonkhwa-kpk
#14
Shabnam Shaheen, Safdar Abbas, Javid Hussain, Fazal Mabood, Muhammad Umair, Maroof Ali, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Umar Farooq, Ajmal Khan
Medicinal plants are important treasures for the treatment of different types of diseases. Current study provides significant ethnopharmacological information, both qualitative and quantitative on medical plants related to children disorders from district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan. The information gathered was quantitatively analyzed using informant consensus factor, relative frequency of citation and use value method to establish a baseline data for more comprehensive investigations of bioactive compounds of indigenous medicinal plants specifically related to children disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752072/early-endocrine-disruptors-exposure-acts-on-3t3-l1-differentiation-and-endocrine-activity
#15
Sofiane Boudalia, Christine Belloir, Marie-Louise Miller, Marie-Chantal Canivenc-Lavier
Introduction: Data from last years suggested that early exposure to endocrine disruptors (EDs) can predispose newborns to endocrine dysfunction of adipocytes, obesity, and associated disorders. The implication of EDs at low doses on adipocyte development has been poorly investigated. For instance, vinclozolin (V) is a dicarboximide fungicide widely used in agriculture since the 90's, alone or in mixture with genistein (G), an isoflavonoid from Leguminosae. This study aims to identify the effect of vinclozolin alone or with genistein, on adipose tissue properties using cell culture...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752031/anti-diabetic-effects-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-a-chinese-herbal-medicine-preparation-jq-r-in-vitro-and-in-diabetic-kk-ay-mice
#16
Quan Liu, Shuainan Liu, Lihui Gao, Sujuan Sun, Yi Huan, Caina Li, Yue Wang, Nan Guo, Zhufang Shen
Refined-JQ (JQ-R) is a mixture of refined extracts from Coptis chinensis (Ranunculaceae), Astragalus membranaceus (Leguminosae) and Lonicera japonica (Caprifoliaceae), the three major herbs of JinQi-JiangTang tablet, a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula. The mechanisms by which JQ-R regulates glucose metabolism and improves insulin sensitivity were studied in type 2 diabetic KK(Ay) mice and insulin-resistant L6 myotubes. To investigate the mechanisms by which JQ-R improves insulin sensitivity, a model of insulin-resistant cells induced with palmitic acid (PA) was established in L6 myotubes...
July 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748913/d-chiro-inositol-effectively-attenuates-cholestasis-in-bile-duct-ligated-rats-by-improving-bile-acid-secretion-and-attenuating-oxidative-stress
#17
Shuang-Shuang Zhao, Na-Ren Li, Wu-Li Zhao, Hong Liu, Mao-Xu Ge, Yi-Xuan Zhang, Long-Yin Zhao, Xue-Fu You, Hong-Wei He, Rong-Guang Shao
Cholestatic liver diseases are important causes of liver cirrhosis and liver transplantation, but few drugs are available for treatment. D-chiro-inositol (DCI), an isomer of inositol found in many Leguminosae plants and in animal viscera, is used clinically for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and diabetes mellitus. In this study, we investigated whether DCI exerted an anti-cholestatic effect and its underlying mechanisms. A cholestatic rat model was established via bile duct ligation (BDL)...
July 27, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717307/traditional-treatment-of-human-and-animal-salmonelloses-in-southern-benin-knowledge-of-farmers-and-traditherapists
#18
T V Dougnon, E Déguénon, L Fah, B Lègba, Y M G Hounmanou, J Agbankpè, A Amadou, H Koudokpon, K Fabiyi, A Aniambossou, P Assogba, E Hounsa, M de Souza, F Avlessi, T J Dougnon, F Gbaguidi, M Boko, H S Bankolé, L Baba-Moussa
AIM: This study aimed to report medicinal plants that are likely to be used in the control of salmonellosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Southern Benin. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 150 farmers and 100 traditional therapists in seven high municipalities. This step helped to collect plants that are used in the treatment of animal salmonellosis and typhoid fever in human. RESULTS: The results revealed a low level of use of medicinal plants among breeders who prefer antibiotics such as oxytetracycline (53...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692115/an-optimized-protocol-for-dna-extraction-in-plants-with-a-high-content-of-secondary-metabolites-based-on-leaves-of-mimosa-tenuiflora-willd-poir-leguminosae
#19
S R Arruda, D G Pereira, M M Silva-Castro, M G Brito, A M Waldschmidt
Some species are characterized by a high content of tannins, alkaloids, and phenols in their leaves. These secondary metabolites are released during DNA extraction and might hinder molecular studies based on PCR (polymerase chain reaction). To provide an efficient method to extract DNA, Mimosa tenuiflora, an important leguminous plant from Brazilian semiarid region used in popular medicine and as a source of fuelwood or forage, was used. Eight procedures previously reported for plants were tested and adapted from leaf tissues of M...
July 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686183/development-and-evaluation-of-a-novel-set-of-est-ssr-markers-based-on-transcriptome-sequences-of-black-locust-robinia-pseudoacacia-l
#20
Qi Guo, Jin-Xing Wang, Li-Zhuo Su, Wei Lv, Yu-Han Sun, Yun Li
Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L. of the family Fabaceae) is an ecologically and economically important deciduous tree. However, few genomic resources are available for this forest species, and few effective expressed sequence tag-derived simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers have been developed to date. In this study, paired-end sequencing was used to sequence transcriptomes of R. pseudoacacia by the Illumina HiSeq TM2000 platform, and EST-SSR loci were identified by de novo assembly. Furthermore, a total of 1697 primer pairs were successfully designed, from which 286 primers met the selection screening criteria; 94 pairs were randomly selected and tested for validation using polymerase chain reaction amplification...
July 7, 2017: Genes
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