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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322015/kingiodendron-pinnatum-a-pharmacologically-effective-alternative-for-saraca-asoca-in-an-ayurvedic-preparation-asokarishta
#1
Adangam Purath Shahid, Nanu Sasidharan, Sasidharan Salini, Jose Padikkala, Nair Meera, Achuthan Chathrattil Raghavamenon, Thekkekara Devassy Babu
Saraca asoca (Fabaceae) is a prime ingredient in Asokarishta, a well-known Ayurvedic preparation for gynecological ailments. Due to scarcity, adulteration or substitution of related raw drugs is a common practice in its preparation. The bark of Kingiodendron pinnatum (Roxb. ex DC.) Harms, morphologically similar to S. asoca (Asoka) is a widely used substitute. The present study aimed to evaluate the pharmacological effectiveness of K. pinnatum as an alternative for S. asoca in Asokarishta by determining the inhibitory effect of estrogen induced uterus endometrial thickening in immature female rats...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319753/morphological-characterization-of-insect-galls-and-new-records-of-associated-invertebrates-in-a-cerrado-area-in-bahia-state-brazil
#2
V P Lima, D Calado
In this study, we report the first records and morphological characterization of galls in a Cerrado area in western Bahia, Brazil. The data were collected monthly over two hours between March and September 2015. Fifteen gall morphotypes were found in twelve plant species distributed among seven families. The plant family with the greatest richness of galls was Fabaceae (n = 8). The following gall morphologies were found: globoid, lenticular, marginal leaf roll, conical, cylindrical, fusiform, spherical and pocket shaped...
January 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291077/biotransformation-of-labdane-and-halimane-diterpenoids-by-two-filamentous-fungi-strains
#3
Afif F Monteiro, Cláudia Seidl, Vanessa G P Severino, Carmen Lúcia Cardoso, Ian Castro-Gamboa
Biotransformation of natural products by filamentous fungi is a powerful and effective approach to achieve derivatives with valuable new chemical and biological properties. Although diterpenoid substrates usually exhibit good susceptibility towards fungi enzymes, there have been no studies concerning the microbiological transformation of halimane-type diterpenoids up to now. In this work, we investigated the capability of Fusarium oxysporum (a fungus isolated from the rhizosphere of Senna spectabilis) and Myrothecium verrucaria (an endophyte) to transform halimane (1) and labdane (2) acids isolated from Hymenaea stigonocarpa (Fabaceae)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284255/total-phenolic-content-ftir-analysis-and-antiproliferative-evaluation-of-lupin-seeds-harvest-from-western-romania
#4
Corina Danciu, Ioana Zinuca Pavel, Roxana Babuta, Alexa Ersilia, Georgeta Pop, Codruta Soica, Cristina Dehelean, Isidora Radulov, Suciu Oana
INTRODUCTION: Lupinus spp. are herbaceous perennial flowering plants included in the Fabaceae family. Among the approximately 200 species belonging to this genre, Lupinus albus L., also known as white lupin, Lupinus angustifolius L., and narrow-leafed lupin or blue lupin, represent two of the most studied species due to their intense culinary use and potential biological activity. The intention of the study was to characterize total phenolic content, perform FTIR analysis, and antiproliferative effects against A375 human melanoma cells extracts obtained from germinated and ungerminated seeds from Lupinus albus L...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276657/subtilisin-inhibitor-like-protein-pplpi-1-from-leaves-of-pigeonpea-cajanus-cajan-cv-bsmr-736-exhibits-inhibition-against-helicoverpa-armigera-gut-proteinases
#5
Faiyaz K Shaikh, Prafull P Gadge, Manohar V Padul, Manvendra S Kachole
Helicoverpa armigera is an orthodox rival of many crop plants affecting agricultural economy. Plant leaves found to accumulate proteinase inhibitors, although this insect pest chooses leaves for laying eggs. Plant defense response at this juncture is not fully explored. In this context, here we are reporting proteinase inhibitor (ppLPI-1) having significant homology with the I13 family from leaves of pigeonpea (cv. BSMR 736). The isolation of ppLPI-1 was carried out from leaves of field-grown pigeonpea under an outbreak of H...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258279/preserving-traditional-botanical-knowledge-the-importance-of-phytogeographic-and-ethnobotanical-inventory-of-peruvian-dye-plants
#6
José Mostacero León, Segundo E López Medina, Helmut Yabar, Jordan De La Cruz Castillo
Abstract: Peru is a megadiverse country with native species of all kinds, including dye plants, which have been used for hundreds of years by the local population. Despite the fact that many of these natural dyes are of a superior quality compared to synthetic ones and do not have the harmful effects that the latter may cause to human health, due to the lack of documentation and dissemination, ethnobotanical knowledge is unfortunately being lost with the passing of generations. In order to preserve and spread such valuable knowledge, this study conducted a comprehensive taxonomic, phytogeographic, and ethnobotanical inventory of dye plants based on periodical botanical explorations in selected locations of Northern Peru during the span of two decades...
December 18, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247771/in-vitro-in-vivo-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-potential-of-defatted-extract-and-flavonoids-isolated-from-astragalus-spruneri-boiss-fabaceae
#7
Magdalena Kondeva-Burdina, Aleksandar Shkondrov, Rumyana Simeonova, Vessela Vitcheva, Ilina Krasteva, Iliana Ionkova
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of a defatted extract (EAS) and three flavonoids, isolated from Astragalus spruneri Boiss. (Fabaceae) using in vitro/in vivo models of liver injury. The EAS was characterized by HPLC and flavonoids (14 mg/g dw) and saponins (8 mg/g dw) were proved. The flavonoids (ASF1, ASF3 and ASF5) were isolated from the same extract and partially identified by LC-MS. In in vitro models of non-enzyme induced (Fe2+/AA) lipid peroxidation in isolated liver microsomes and CCl4-induced metabolic bioactivation and t-BuOOH-induced oxidative stress in isolated rat hepatocytes, both EAS and the flavonoids exerted similar to silybin (positive control) an antioxidant and cytoprotective activity, discerned by decreased MDA production in the microsomes and by preserved cell viability and GSH levels as well as by decreased LDH activity and MDA quantity in isolated rat hepatocytes...
December 13, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245578/comparative-exploration-of-antennae-in-i-pseudopontia-i-and-antennal-clubs-of-the-tribes-leptideini-and-dismorphiini-lepidoptera-pieridae
#8
Diana Jimena Castro-Gerardino, Jorge Llorente-Bousquets
We examined antennal ultrastructure in species of Dismorphiinae and Pseudopontiinae (Pieridae) using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We examined two species of Pseudopontia (Pseudopontiinae) and more than 30 species in seven genera of two tribes in the subfamily Dismorphiinae: Leptidea, Enantia, Pseudopieris, Lieinix, Moschoneura, Dismorphia, and Patia. We focused on the scaleless terminal area of the antenna where there are many types of sensilla, some of which are clustered together and constitute specialized organs...
November 14, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245557/first-report-on-i-paratischeria-i-from-asia-lepidoptera-tischeriidae
#9
Jiasheng Xu, Xiaohua Dai, Peng Liu, Haiyan Bai, Arūnas Diškus, Jonas R Stonis
We provide the first report on the leaf-mining Tischeriidae genus Paratischeria Diškus & Stonis from Asia. We describe Paratischeria jingdongensis Xu & Dai, sp. nov., a new species discovered in Yunnan, China, feeding on Dalbergia assamica Benth., Fabaceae and redescribe P. hestias (Meyrick, 1915), comb. nov., a hitherto very little known species from India, which has been recently discovered in northern Vietnam, feeding on Helicteres viscida Blume, Malvaceae. We also report on the Fabaceae family as a novel host-plant family of Tischeriidae...
November 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245477/a-new-species-of-i-macrosaccus-i-lepidoptera-gracillariidae-lithocolletinae-from-arizona-usa
#10
Charles S Eiseman, Donald R Davis
A sixth species of Macrosaccus (Gracillariidae), M. coursetiae sp. nov., is described. The larvae are leafminers of Coursetia glandulosa (Fabaceae). The parasitoid Chrysocharis walleyi (Eulophidae) has been reared from the leaf mines; a table summarizing the host records for this wasp is presented.
November 29, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241674/ethnomedicinal-plant-diversity-in-thailand
#11
Methee Phumthum, Kamonnate Srithi, Angkhana Inta, Auemporn Junsongduang, Kornkanok Tangjitman, Wittaya Pongamornkul, Chusie Trisonthi, Henrik Balslev
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants have provided medicine to humans for thousands of years, and in most parts of the world people still use traditional plant-derived medicine. Knowledge related to traditional use provides an important alternative to unavailable or expensive western medicine in many rural communities. At the same time, ethnomedicinal discoveries are valuable for the development of modern medicine. Unfortunately, globalization and urbanization causes the disappearance of much traditional medicinal plant knowledge...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230630/phytochemical-study-and-evaluation-of-cytotoxicity-mutagenicity-cell-cycle-kinetics-and-gene-expression-of-bauhinia-holophylla-bong-steud-in-hepg2-cells-in-vitro
#12
Diego Luis Ribeiro, Heloísa Lizotti Cilião, Ana Flávia Leal Specian, Juliana Mara Serpeloni, Marcelo Tempesta De Oliveira, Eliana Aparecida Varanda, Wagner Vilegas, Luiz Leonardo Saldanha, Wilner Martínez-López, Anne Lígia Dokkedal, Ilce Mara Syllos Cólus
Bauhinia holophylla (Bong.) Steud. (Fabaceae) is a plant used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat diabetes and inflammation. This study evaluated the phytochemical properties, cytotoxic, apoptotic, mutagenic/antimutagenic effects and alterations in gene expression (RNAm) in HepG2 cells treated with the B. holophylla extract. The phytochemical profile highlight the presence of flavonoids isorhamentin and quercetin derivates. The MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of different concentrations for different treatment times...
December 11, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223588/-9-o-%C3%AE-l-rhamnopyranosyl-lyoniresinol-from-lespedeza-cuneata-suppresses-ovarian-cancer-cell-proliferation-through-induction-of-apoptosis
#13
Jiwon Baek, Dahae Lee, Tae Kyoung Lee, Ji Hoon Song, Ju Sung Lee, Seong Lee, Sang-Woo Yoo, Ki Sung Kang, Eunjung Moon, Sanghyun Lee, Ki Hyun Kim
Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don. (Fabaceae), known as Chinese bushclover or sericea lespedeza, has been used in traditional medicine to treat diabetes, hematuria, and insomnia, and it has been reported that bioactive compounds from L. cuneata possess various pharmacological properties. However, there has been no study to determine the active compounds from L. cuneata with potential activity against ovarian cancer. This study aimed to isolate cytotoxic compounds from L. cuneata and identify the molecular mechanisms underlying the apoptosis pathway in ovarian cancer cells...
November 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222064/evolution-in-the-amphi-atlantic-tropical-genus-guibourtia-fabaceae-detarioideae-combining-ngs-phylogeny-and-morphology
#14
Félicien Tosso, Olivier J Hardy, Jean-Louis Doucet, Kasso Daïnou, Esra Kaymak, Jérémy Migliore
Tropical rain forests support a remarkable diversity of tree species, questioning how and when this diversity arose. The genus Guibourtia (Fabaceae, Detarioideae), characterized by two South American and 13 African tree species growing in various tropical biomes, is an interesting model to address the role of biogeographic processes and adaptation to contrasted environments on species diversification. Combining whole plastid genome sequencing and morphological characters analysis, we studied the timing of speciation and diversification processes in Guibourtia through molecular dating and ancestral habitats reconstruction...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220502/identification-of-soybean-host-plant-resistance-to-brown-marmorated-stink-bugs-in-maturity-group-iii-plant-introductions
#15
Jonathan M La Mantia, M A Rouf Mian, Margaret G Redinbaugh
Halyomorpha halys (Stål; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), is a polyphagous nonnative insect first found in the United States in 1996. As of 2017, BMSB has been detected in 43 states and is a severe agricultural pest in mid-Atlantic states. On soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr (Fabales: Fabaceae), damage from BMSB infestation ranges from puncture marks with seed discoloration and deformities to seed and pod abortion. Host plant resistance has been used for managing pest populations and mitigating soybean yield losses caused by neotropical stink bugs (Eushistus heros, Nezara viridula, and Piezodorus guildinii) in Brazil and on the U...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206699/evaluation-of-antidepressant-activity-of-methanolic-extract-of-saraca-asoca-bark-in-a-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-model
#16
Meghna Gill, Manas Kinra, Amita Rai, Mallikarjuna R Chamallamudi, Nitesh Kumar
It is well established that chronic exposure to stressful events plays an important role in the etiology of depression. Saraca asoca (Roxb.), De. wild, or Saraca indica, belonging to family Fabaceae, is endogenous to India. The flowers, seeds, bark, and leaves of the plant have been used widely in Ayurveda medicine. The bark extract of S. asoca has shown chemoprotection, myeloprotection, and antioxidant potential. Owing to the above-mentioned properties of the plant, the present study sought to evaluate the effect of a methanolic extract of S...
December 4, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194663/nanoemulsion-from-essential-oil-of-pterodon-emarginatus-fabaceae-shows-in%C3%A2-vitro-efficacy-against-monogeneans-of-colossoma-macropomum-pisces-serrasalmidae
#17
D S S Valentim, J L Duarte, A E M F M Oliveira, R A S Cruz, J C T Carvalho, E C Conceição, C P Fernandes, M Tavares-Dias
Outbreaks of diseases pose a major threat to sustainable aquaculture development worldwide. Application of herbal products to combat parasitic diseases provides an alternative approach for sustainable aquaculture. This study investigated the in vitro antiparasitic effects of an oil-in-water nanoemulsion prepared using the essential oil from Pterodon emarginatus, against monogeneans infesting Colossoma macropomum. Gill arches from C. macropomum (47.6 ± 14.5 g and 13.5 ± 1.4 cm) that were naturally parasitized by Anacanthorus spathulatus, Notozothecium janauachensis and Mymarothecium boegeri were immersed in different dispersions of the P...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194398/synthesis-of-rhizobial-exopolysaccharides-and-their-importance-for-symbiosis-with-legume-plants
#18
REVIEW
Małgorzata Marczak, Andrzej Mazur, Piotr Koper, Kamil Żebracki, Anna Skorupska
Rhizobia dwell and multiply in the soil and represent a unique group of bacteria able to enter into a symbiotic interaction with plants from the Fabaceae family and fix atmospheric nitrogen inside de novo created plant organs, called nodules. One of the key determinants of the successful interaction between these bacteria and plants are exopolysaccharides, which represent species-specific homo- and heteropolymers of different carbohydrate units frequently decorated by non-carbohydrate substituents. Exopolysaccharides are typically built from repeat units assembled by the Wzx/Wzy-dependent pathway, where individual subunits are synthesized in conjunction with the lipid anchor undecaprenylphosphate (und-PP), due to the activity of glycosyltransferases...
December 1, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184566/selection-signatures-in-the-first-exon-of-paralogous-receptor-kinase-genes-from-the-sym2-region-of-the-pisum-sativum-l-genome
#19
Anton S Sulima, Vladimir A Zhukov, Alexey A Afonin, Aleksandr I Zhernakov, Igor A Tikhonovich, Ludmila A Lutova
During the initial step of the symbiosis between legumes (Fabaceae) and nitrogen-fixing bacteria (rhizobia), the bacterial signal molecule known as the Nod factor (nodulation factor) is recognized by plant LysM motif-containing receptor-like kinases (LysM-RLKs). The fifth chromosome of barrel medic (Medicago truncatula Gaertn.) contains a cluster of paralogous LysM-RLK genes, one of which is known to participate in symbiosis. In the syntenic region of the pea (Pisum sativum L.) genome, three genes have been identified: PsK1 and PsSym37, two symbiosis-related LysM-RLK genes with known sequences, and the unsequenced PsSym2 gene which presumably encodes a LysM-RLK and is associated with increased selectivity to certain Nod factors...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181635/caryophyllales-are-the-main-hosts-of-a-unique-set-of-ectomycorrhizal-fungi-in-a-neotropical-dry-forest
#20
Julieta Alvarez-Manjarrez, Roberto Garibay-Orijel, Matthew E Smith
The ectomycorrhizal symbiosis was long thought to be restricted to temperate forests. However, as tropical forests have been explored, it has become clear that these habitats host unique ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi. We have been exploring tropical dry forests (TDF), which are endangered terrestrial ecosystems and hotspots of endemism. Since Fabaceae is the main plant family in this environment, we hypothesized that trees in this lineage would be the main ECM hosts. We sequenced the ITS rDNA region from fungi and both rbcL and trnL cpDNA from plants to identify both symbiotic partners from root tips...
November 27, 2017: Mycorrhiza
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