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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087663/evolution-and-structural-diversification-of-nictaba-like-lectin-genes-in-food-crops-with-a-focus-on-soybean-glycine-max
#1
Sofie Van Holle, Pierre Rougé, Els J M Van Damme
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Nictaba family groups all proteins that show homology to Nictaba, the tobacco lectin. So far, Nictaba and an Arabidopsis thaliana homologue have been shown to be implicated in the plant stress response. The availability of more than 50 sequenced plant genomes provided the opportunity for a genome-wide identification of Nictaba-like genes in 15 species, representing members of the Fabaceae, Poaceae, Solanaceae, Musaceae, Arecaceae, Malvaceae and Rubiaceae. Additionally, phylogenetic relationships between the different species were explored...
January 12, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078240/effect-of-methanol-leaf-extract-of-dalbergia-saxatilis-hook-f-fabaceae-on-renal-function
#2
Fatima Ismail Hassan, Zezi Abdulkadir Umar, Danmalam Umar Habib, Yaro Abdullahi Hamza
OBJECTIVE: Dalbegia saxatilis (D.saxatilis) is used as a decoction in traditional medicine for ailments such as cough, small pox, skin lesions, bronchial ailments and toothache. This study is aimed at evaluating the toxic effect of methanol leaf extract of D.saxatilis on renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats of both sexes were divided into four groups of five: control animals (group 1) received distilled water 1 ml/kg while groups 2, 3 and 4 were given graded doses of the extract (250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg body weight, respectively) daily for 28 days...
November 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071671/effect-of-seed-morph-and-light-level-on-growth-and-reproduction-of-the-amphicarpic-plant-amphicarpaea-edgeworthii-fabaceae
#3
Keliang Zhang, Jerry M Baskin, Carol C Baskin, Xuejun Yang, Zhenying Huang
Amphicarpic plants produce aerial and subterranean fruits on an individual plant, and these heteromorphic diaspores give rise to plants that differ in growth and ecology. Amphicarpaea edgeworthii is a summer annual amphicarpic species that grows over a range of light levels. We aimed to compare the response to shading intensity of plants of A. edgeworthii grown throughout their life cycle from aerial seeds (ASP) and from subterranean seeds (SSP). We hypothesized that vegetative and reproductive growth of plants from ASP and SSP respond differently to light...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051161/its-non-concerted-evolution-and-rampant-hybridization-in-the-legume-genus-lespedeza-fabaceae
#4
Bo Xu, Xiao-Mao Zeng, Xin-Fen Gao, Dong-Pil Jin, Li-Bing Zhang
The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) as one part of nuclear ribosomal DNA is one of the most extensively sequenced molecular markers in plant systematics. The ITS repeats generally exhibit high-level within-individual homogeneity, while relatively small-scale polymorphism of ITS copies within individuals has often been reported in literature. Here, we identified large-scale polymorphism of ITS copies within individuals in the legume genus Lespedeza (Fabaceae). Divergent paralogs of ITS sequences, including putative pseudogenes, recombinants, and multiple functional ITS copies were sometimes detected in the same individual...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050661/molecular-characterisation-of-a-dreb-gene-from-sophora-moorcroftiana-an-endemic-species-of-plateau
#5
Huie Li, Yanfu Zhang, Qiqiang Guo, Weijie Yao
Various plant species in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau exposed to harsh conditions, such as low oxygen, drought, extremely low temperatures and salinity, have evolved both molecular and physiological adaptation strategies to deal with these multiple stresses. Sophora moorcroftiana (Benth.) Baker (Fabaceae) is a highly drought-resistant endemic Sophora shrub species in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In our previous study, a drought-induced DREB transcription factor gene was identified and was designated as SmDREB1. SmDREB1-GFP fusion construct was introduced into Arabidopsis protoplast to characterise the function of SmDREB1 in drought resistance...
January 3, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032112/evaluation-of-some-plant-fruit-extracts-for-the-control-of-west-nile-virus-vector-culex-pipiens-diptera-culicidae
#6
Samed Koc, Ozay Hasan Evren, Huseyin Cetin
BACKGROUND: The extracts of different parts of plants were found very effective against various pests. The aim of this research was to determine the insecticidal activity of fruit methanol extracts obtained from Melia azedarach (Meliaceae), Phoenix theophrasti (Arecaceae), Styphnolobium japonicum (Fabaceae) and Pyracantha coccinea (Rosaceae) against the larvae of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). METHODS: The fruits of test plants were collected from the Campus of Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey in 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026825/transformation-of-medicinal-plants-using-agrobacterium-tumefaciens
#7
Katarzyna Bandurska, Agnieszka Berdowska, Małgorzata Król
For many years attempts are made to develop efficient methods for transformation of medicinal plants via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. It is a soil bacteria which possess a natural ability to infect plants in places of injures which results in arise of cancerous growths (crown gall). This is possible thanks a transfer of fragment of Ti plasmid into plant cells and stable integration with a plant genome. Efficiency of medicinal plant transformation depends on many factors for example: Agrobacterium strain, methods and procedures of transformation as well as on plant species, type and age of the explants and regeneration conditions...
December 20, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017696/ethnobiological-treatments-of-neurological-conditions-in-the-chota-nagpur-plateau-india
#8
Abhijit Dey, Partha Gorai, Anuradha Mukherjee, Raghunath Dhan, Biplob Kumar Modak
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized the contribution of traditional medicine in the primary health care system. WHO also considers neurological disorders as one of the prime concern to the public health. Inadequate and inaccessible health facilities in the rural and underprivileged areas have forced the various tribal and non-tribal communities to use ethno-phyto and ethno-zoo therapeutics against different ailments. Chota Nagpur Plateau, India is one of the richest in India in terms of plant and animal diversity, and houses a number of indigenous communities often practising their own ethnobiological medicines...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006791/distribution-phenology-and-host-plants-of-danish-bees-hymenoptera-apoidea
#9
Claus Rasmussen, Hans Thomsen Schmidt, Henning Bang Madsen
Based on the examination of 47.629 specimens of bees from Denmark (54.6ºN to 57.8ºN) we summarize for the first time the distribution, phenology and host-plants for all 286 known species occurring in the country. The mapped occurrence records distinguish whether species are found only in 1974 or earlier, 1975 or later, or in both periods. Danish bees are recorded active from February 29 through October 21 and have been collected in 79% of the 10x10 km Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) squares covering the country; seven UTM squares have over 100 reported species...
December 23, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994958/feasibility-of-nuclear-ribosomal-region-its1-over-its2-in-barcoding-taxonomically-challenging-genera-of-subtribe-cassiinae-fabaceae
#10
Priyanka Mishra, Amit Kumar, Vereena Rodrigues, Ashutosh K Shukla, Velusamy Sundaresan
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region is situated between 18S and 26S in a polycistronic rRNA precursor transcript. It had been proved to be the most commonly sequenced region across plant species to resolve phylogenetic relationships ranging from shallow to deep taxonomic levels. Despite several taxonomical revisions in Cassiinae, a stable phylogeny remains elusive at the molecular level, particularly concerning the delineation of species in the genera Cassia, Senna and Chamaecrista...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988713/the-first-record-of-the-genus-i-tanaostigma-i-hymenoptera-tanaostigmatidae-in-the-old-world-with-the-description-of-a-new-species-from-india
#11
Ankita Gupta, Sunil Joshi
Tanaostigma Howard (Hymenoptera: Tanaostigmatidae) is recorded for the first time in the fauna of the Old World, with T. indica Gupta sp. n.  described and illustrated from southern India, reared from Millettia (=Pongamia) pinnata (Fabaceae).
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988077/alternating-isocratic-and-step-gradient-elution-high-speed-counter-current-chromatography-for-the-isolation-of-minor-phenolics-from-ormocarpum-kirkii-bark
#12
Eutrophe Le Doux Kamto, Tatiane S C Carvalho, Joséphine Ngo Mbing, Marie C N Matene, Dieudonné E Pegnyemb, Gilda G Leitão
A total of 14 compounds were isolated from the ethanol bark extract of O. kirkii S. Moore (Fabaceae) by alternating isocratic and step gradient elution high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) methods, using several solvent systems with reference to the polarity of compounds being purified. The extract was successively fractionated with generic solvent systems including n-hexane-ethanol-water (4:2:2) and ethyl acetate-water (1:1). Resulting fractions were further purified using the following preparative gradient elution consisting of ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (X:Y:10), (X:Y=9:1 (I); 8:2 (II); 7:3 (III); 6:4 (IV); 5:5 (V); 4:6 (VI) 3:7 (VII) and n-hexane- ethyl acetate-methanol-water (1:X:1:1), X=1, 2, 2...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984161/modulatory-effects-of-cassia-fistula-fruits-against-free-radicals-and-genotoxicity-of-mutagens
#13
Sandeep Kaur, Manish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Varinder Kaur, Satwinderjeet Kaur
Cassia fistula L. (Fabaceae) fruits are highly recommended in folklore medicine for curing various ailments. In the current study, methanol (CaFM), hexane (CaFH), chloroform (CaFCl), ethyl acetate (CaFE), butanol (CaFB) and aqueous (CaFA) fractions of C. fistula fruits were investigated for their potential to inhibit the genotoxicity of mutagens and free radicals. The antimutagenicity of fractions was evaluated against the reactive carcinogenic ester generating mutagen, 2-aminofluorene (2-AF) and frame-shift mutation inducing mutagen, 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine (NPD) in Ames Salmonella typhimurium TA98 tester strain...
October 28, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984002/endophytes-as-sources-of-antibiotics
#14
REVIEW
Elena Martinez-Klimova, Karol Rodríguez-Peña, Sergio Sánchez
Until a viable alternative can be accessible, the emergence of resistance to antimicrobials requires the constant development of new antibiotics. Recent scientific efforts have been aimed at the bioprospecting of microorganisms' secondary metabolites, with special emphasis on the search for antimicrobial natural products derived from endophytes. Endophytes are microorganisms that inhabit the internal tissues of plants without causing apparent harm to the plant. The present review article compiles recent (2006-2016) literature to provide an update on endophyte research aimed at finding metabolites with antibiotic activities...
October 27, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975194/on-the-biology-of-the-colombian-fluted-scale-crypticerya-multicicatrices-kondo-unruh-hemiptera-monophlebidae
#15
P Sotelo, T Kondo
The Colombian fluted scale Crypticerya multicicatrices Kondo & Unruh (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae) is a polyphagous insect pest native to continental Colombia and reported on 148 species, mainly palms (Arecaceae); mango, Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae); and leguminous trees and shrubs (Fabaceae). The biology and ecological parameters of C. multicicatrices were investigated using as a host plant Caesalpinia pluviosa var. peltophoroides (Fabaceae) under two environmental conditions: semifield (max temp., 31.5 ± 3...
December 14, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956922/phytochemical-and-pharmacological-studies-on-the-genus-psoralea-a-mini-review
#16
REVIEW
Cong-Cong Li, Teng-Long Wang, Zhong-Qun Zhang, Wen-Qiang Yang, Yue-Fei Wang, Xin Chai, Chun-Hua Wang, Zheng Li
The genus Psoralea, which belongs to the family Fabaceae, comprises ca. 130 species distributed all over the world, and some of the plants are used as folk medicine to treat various diseases. Psoralea corylifolia is a typical example, whose seeds have been widely used in many traditional Chinese medicine formulas for the treatment of various diseases such as leucoderma and other skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases, nephritis, osteoporosis, and cancer. So, the chemical and pharmacological studies on this genus were performed in the past decades...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939889/trigonella-foenum-graecum-alleviates-airway-inflammation-of-allergic-asthma-in-ovalbumin-induced-mouse-model
#17
Chun Hua Piao, Thi Tho Bui, Chang Ho Song, Hee Soon Shin, Dong-Hwa Shon, Ok Hee Chai
Trigonella foenum-graecum, a member oldest medicinal plant in the fabaceae (legumes) family, is used as a herb, spice, and vegetable, and known for its olfactory, laxative, and galactogogue effects. However, the inhibitory effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum on allergic inflammatory response remains unclear, therefore, we investigated the precise role of Trigonella foenum-graecum in the allergic asthma and revealed the effects of Trigonella foenum-graecum in regulating airway inflammation and its possible mechanism...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923358/acthaside-a-new-chromone-derivative-from-acacia-ataxacantha-and-its-biological-activities
#18
Abdou Madjid O Amoussa, Mélanie Bourjot, Latifou Lagnika, Catherine Vonthron-Sénécheau, Ambaliou Sanni
BACKGROUND: Acacia ataxacantha (Fabaceae), used in traditional medicine grows in the South-West of Bénin. Ethyl acetate extract of the barks of this species was previously reported to display various bioactivities, including antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities. In the present study, we investigate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of compound isolated from ethyl acetate extract of Acacia ataxacantha. METHODS: Purification, isolation and structural identification of isolated compound were done using various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods...
December 7, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919807/a-cryptic-species-produced-by-autopolyploidy-and-subsequent-introgression-involving-medicago-prostrata-fabaceae
#19
J S Eriksson, J L Blanco-Pastor, F Sousa, Y J K Bertrand, B E Pfeil
Although hybridisation through genome duplication is well known, hybridisation without genome duplication (homoploid hybrid speciation, HHS) is not. Few well-documented cases have been reported. A possible instance of HHS in Medicago prostrata Jacq. was suggested previously, based on only two genes and one individual. We tested whether this species was formed through HHS by sampling eight nuclear loci and 22 individuals, with additional individuals from related species, using gene capture and Illumina sequencing...
December 2, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915037/quantification-of-pea-enation-mosaic-virus-1-and-2-during-infection-of-pisum-sativum-by-one-step-real-time-rt-pcr
#20
Juliette Doumayrou, Melissa Sheber, Bryony C Bonning, W Allen Miller
Pea enation mosaic virus 1 (PEMV1) and Pea enation mosaic virus 2 (PEMV2) are two viruses in an obligate symbiosis that cause pea enation mosaic disease mainly in plants in the Fabaceae family. This virus system is a valuable model to investigate plant virus replication, movement and vector transmission. Thus, here we describe growth conditions, virus detection methods, and virus accumulation behavior. To measure the accumulation and movement of PEMV1 and PEMV2 in plants during the course of infection, we developed a quantitative real-time one-step reverse transcription PCR procedure using the SYBR-green(®) technology...
February 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
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