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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147987/dynamics-of-natural-revegetation-of-hydrocarbon-contaminated-soil-and-remediation-potential-of-indigenous-plant-species-in-the-steppe-zone-of-the-southern-volga-uplands
#1
Leonid Panchenko, Anna Muratova, Ekaterina Dubrovskaya, Sergey Golubev, Olga Turkovskaya
The result of monitoring of natural vegetation growing on oil-contaminated (2.0-75.6 g/kg) and uncontaminated (0.04-2.0 g/kg) soils of a petroleum refinery for a period of 13 years is presented. Floristic studies showed that the families Poaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and eventually Brassicaceae were predominant in the vegetation cover of both types of soils. Over time, the projective vegetation cover of the contaminated sites increased from 46 to 90%; the species diversity increased twofold: in the ecological-cenotic structure of the flora, the number of ruderal plant species decreased; and the number of steppe, i...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143653/phylogenetic-study-of-the-endemic-species-oxytropis-almaatensis-fabaceae-based-on-nuclear-ribosomal-dna-its-sequences
#2
Shyryn Almerekova, Nashtay Mukhitdinov, Saule Abugalieva
BACKGROUND: Oxytropis almaatensis Bajt. is a rare, narrow endemic species of the Trans-Ili Alatau mountains in Kazakhstan. Up to now, no studies regarding the taxonomy and variation of key morphological traits of O. almaatensis were undertaken. The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate phenotypic variation of O. almaatensis and assess the position of the species within the genus based on nucleotide sequences of the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. RESULTS: Two populations of O...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142391/acacia-catechu-ethanolic-seed-extract-triggers-apoptosis-of-scc-25-cells
#3
Thangavelu Lakshmi, Devaraj Ezhilarasan, Upendra Nagaich, Rajagopal Vijayaragavan
Background: Acacia catechu Willd (Fabaceae), commonly known as catechu, cachou, and black cutch, has been studied for its hepatoprotective, antipyretic, antidiarrheal, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antinociceptive, antimicrobial, free radical scavenging, and antioxidant activities. Objective: We evaluated the cytotoxic activity of ethanol extract of A. catechu seed (ACS) against SCC-25 human oral squamous carcinoma cell line. Methods: Cytotoxic effect of ACS extract was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, using concentrations of 0...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136171/mating-system-and-effective-population-size-of-the-overexploited-neotropical-tree-myroxylon-peruiferum-l-f-and-their-impact-on-seedling-production
#4
Ellida de Aguiar Silvestre, Kaiser Dias Schwarcz, Carolina Grando, Jaqueline Bueno de Campos, Patricia Sanae Sujii, Evandro Vagner Tambarussi, Camila Menezes Trindade Macrini, José Baldin Pinheiro, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion, Maria Imaculada Zucchi
The reproductive system of a tree species has substantial impact on genetic diversity and structure within and among natural populations. Such information, should be considered when planning tree planting for forest restoration. Here, we describe the mating system and genetic diversity of an overexploited Neotropical tree, Myroxylon peruiferum L.f. (Fabaceae) sampled from a forest remnant (10 seed trees and 200 seeds) and assess whether the effective population size of nursery-grown seedlings (148 seedlings) is sufficient to prevent inbreeding depression in reintroduced populations...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126433/mosquito-larvicidal-activity-of-cassia-tora-seed-extract-and-its-key-anthraquinones-aurantio-obtusin-and-obtusin
#5
Valentine C Mbatchou, David P Tchouassi, Rita A Dickson, Kofi Annan, Abraham Y Mensah, Isaac K Amponsah, Julia W Jacob, Xavier Cheseto, Solomon Habtemariam, Baldwyn Torto
BACKGROUND: The edible and medicinal leguminous plant Cassia tora L. (Fabaceae) is known to possess insecticidal properties against a wide range of plant-feeding insects. However, the bioactivity of extracts of this plant and their constituents against vectors of medical importance has been largely unexplored. We investigated the mosquito larvicidal activity of the seed extract and its major anthraquinones against larvae of the African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae (s.s.). METHODS: Third-fourth instar larval mortality was observed after 24, 48, 72 and 96 h of exposure to varying doses of the extracts, and two anthraquinones isolates identified using liquid chromatography- quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QtoF-MS)...
November 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125587/polyphenol-rich-lentils-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#6
REVIEW
Kumar Ganesan, Baojun Xu
Polyphenols are a group of plant metabolites with potent antioxidant properties, which protect against various chronic diseases induced by oxidative stress. Evidence showed that dietary polyphenols have emerged as one of the prominent scientific interests due to their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases in humans. Possible health beneficial effects of polyphenols are measured based on the human consumption and their bioavailability. Lentil (Lens culinaris; Family: Fabaceae) is a great source of polyphenol compounds with various health-promoting properties...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121109/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-in-vernalization-treated-faba-bean-vicia-faba-l
#7
Yun-Ying Cao, Xiao-Chun Bian, Mo-Xian Chen, Li-Ru Xia, Jianhua Zhang, Fu-Yuan Zhu, Chun-Fang Wu
Vernalization is classically defined as the induction of flowering process by exposure of the plants to a prolonged cold condition. Normally, it is considered as a precondition of flowering. Vicia faba, commonly known as faba bean, belongs to family Fabaceae. It is one of the plant species that has been cultivated in the earliest human settlements. In this study, an iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS-based quantitative proteomic analysis has been conducted to compare the vernalized faba bean seedlings and its corresponding control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117184/from-songlines-to-genomes-prehistoric-assisted-migration-of-a-rain-forest-tree-by-australian-aboriginal-people
#8
Maurizio Rossetto, Emilie J Ens, Thijs Honings, Peter D Wilson, Jia-Yee S Yap, Oliver Costello, Erich R Round, Claire Bowern
BACKGROUND: Prehistoric human activities have contributed to the dispersal of many culturally important plants. The study of these traditional interactions can alter the way we perceive the natural distribution and dynamics of species and communities. Comprehensive research on native crops combining evolutionary and anthropological data is revealing how ancient human populations influenced their distribution. Although traditional diets also included a suite of non-cultivated plants that in some cases necessitated the development of culturally important technical advances such as the treatment of toxic seed, empirical evidence for their deliberate dispersal by prehistoric peoples remains limited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114355/molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-and-comparison-of-the-two-cultivated-canavalia-species-fabaceae
#9
Chao-Wen She, Lin Wei, Xiang-Hui Jiang
The two cultivated Canavalia (Adanson, 1763) species, Canavalia gladiata (N. J. von Jacquin, 1788) A. P. de Candolle, 1825 and Canavalia ensiformis (Linnaeus, 1753) A. P. de Candolle, 1825 are closely related based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic data. However, the similarities and differences in genome organization between them have not been evaluated at molecular cytogenetic level. Here, detailed karyotypes of both species were constructed using combined PI and DAPI (CPD) staining, rDNA-FISH and self-genomic in situ hybridization (sGISH)...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102764/treatment-of-malaria-and-related-symptoms-using-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-ethiopia
#10
Sultan Suleman, Takele Beyene Tufa, Dereje Kebebe, Sileshi Belew, Yimer Mekonnen, Fanta Gashe, Seid Musa, Evelien Wynendaele, Luc Duchateau, Bart De Spiegeleer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal plants have always been an integral part of different cultures in Ethiopia in the treatment of different illnesses including malaria and related symptoms. However, due to lack of proper documentation, urbanization, drought, acculturation and deforestation, there is an increased risk of losing this traditional knowledge. Hence, the use of the indigenous knowledge should be well documented and validated for potential future use. AIM OF THE STUDY: To gather and document information on medicinal plants which are used in the traditional treatment of malaria and related symptoms in Ethiopia...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102025/lupinifolin-from-albizia-myriophylla-wood-a-study-on-its-antibacterial-mechanisms-against-cariogenic-streptococcus-mutans
#11
Surasak Limsuwan, Kotchakorn Moosigapong, Siriporn Jarukitsakul, Nantiya Joycharat, Sasitorn Chusri, Patcharawalai Jaisamut, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai
OBJECTIVE: To determine the anti-Streptococcus mutans mechanisms of action of lupinifolin from Albizia myriophylla Benth. (Fabaceae) wood and provide scientific evidence to support the traditional use of the plant against dental caries. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated using the broth micro-dilution method. The effects of lupinifolin on bactericidal activity, bacterial cell walls, and membranes were investigated by time-kill, lysis, and leakage assays, respectively...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094648/a-gene-family-coding-for-salivary-proteins-shot-of-the-polyphagous-spider-mite-tetranychus-urticae-exhibits-fast-host-dependent-transcriptional-plasticity
#12
Wim Jonckheere, Wannes Dermauw, Mousaalreza Khalighi, Nena Pavlidi, Wim Reubens, Geert Baggerman, Luc Tirry, Gerben Menschaert, Merijn R Kant, Bartel Vanholme, Thomas Van Leeuwen
The salivary protein repertoire released by the herbivorous pest Tetranychus urticae is assumed to hold keys to its success on diverse crops. We report on a spider mite-specific protein family that is expanded in T. urticae. The encoding genes have an expression pattern restricted to the anterior podocephalic glands, while peptide fragments were found in the T. urticae secretome, supporting the salivary nature of these proteins. As peptide fragments were identified in a host-dependent manner, we designated this family as the SHOT (secreted host-responsive protein of Tetranychidae) family...
November 2, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072970/dipteryx-alata-vogel-may-improve-lipid-profile-and-atherogenic-indices-in-wistar-rats-dipteryx-alata-and-atherogenic-indices
#13
Adriana Maria Ragassi Fiorini, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Élen Landgraf Guiguer, Marie Oshiiwa, Claudemir Gregório Mendes, Rogério Lopes Vieites, Agnaldo Bruno Chies, Priscilla Bianca de Oliveira, Maricelma da Silva Soares de Souza, Claudia Cristina T Nicolau
Worldwide prevalence of noncommunicable chronic degenerative diseases is among the main causes of death worldwide. The consumption of some foods such as nuts and seeds may be beneficial in preventing these diseases. Dipteryx alata Vogel (DA), known popularly as Baru, belongs to the family Fabaceae and is a native fruit tree from the Brazilian savanna. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of seeds of DA on the metabolic and oxidative profile of Wistar rats. Animals were divided randomly into four groups (n = 10): G1 (control group), and G2 (treated with DA 20%), G3 (treated with DA 30%), and G4 (treated with DA 40%)...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070910/molecular-phylogeny-and-divergence-times-of-astragalus-section-hymenostegis-an-analysis-of-a-rapidly-diversifying-species-group-in-fabaceae
#14
Ali Bagheri, Ali Asghar Maassoumi, Mohammad Reza Rahiminejad, Jonathan Brassac, Frank R Blattner
The taxa of Astragalus section Hymenostegis are an important element of mountainous and steppe habitats in Southwest Asia. A phylogenetic hypothesis of sect. Hymenostegis has been obtained from nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and plastid ycf1 sequences of up to 303 individuals from 106 species, including all 89 taxa currently assigned to sect. Hymenostegis, 14 species of other Astragalus sections, and two species of Oxytropis and one Biserrula designated as outgroups. Bayesian phylogenetic inference and parsimony analyses reveal that three species from two other closely related sections group within sect...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045235/the-aqueous-tuber-extract-of-pueraria-tuberosa-willd-d-c-caused-cytotoxic-effect-on-ht-29-cell-lines-with-down-regulation-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#15
Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Olusegun A Fagbohun, Christianah Dawurung, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Background Pueraria tuberosa (Willd) D.C. (Fabaceae) tubers are already used in traditional medicine by Ayurvedic physicians for the management of fertility disorders, general weakness, and also as anti-ageing therapies. Other known pharmacological properties include: anti-hyperglycemics, hepatoprotective, anti-hyperlipidemic, diuretic, nutritive, and anti-fertility agents in male rats. Methods The anti-proliferative effect of the aqueous tuberous root extract of Pueraria tuberosa on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and Human Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cell lines (HT-29) was investigated using the Cell Titer 96 MTT Proliferation Assay where the viable cells were seeded at a density of 5 × 104 (100 µL/well)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033957/reacquisition-of-new-meristematic-sites-determines-the-development-of-a-new-organ-the-cecidomyiidae-gall-on-copaifera-langsdorffii-desf-fabaceae
#16
Renê G S Carneiro, Rosy M S Isaias, Ana S F P Moreira, Denis C Oliveira
The development of gall shapes has been attributed to the feeding behavior of the galling insects and how the host tissues react to galling stimuli, which ultimately culminate in a variable set of structural responses. A superhost of galling herbivores, Copaifera langsdorffii, hosts a bizarre "horn-shaped" leaflet gall morphotype induced by an unidentified species of Diptera: Cecidomyiidae. By studying the development of this gall morphotype under the anatomical and physiological perspectives, we demonstrate the symptoms of the Cecidomyiidae manipulation over plant tissues, toward the cell redifferentiation and tissue neoformation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033668/integrative-research-identifies-71-new-plant-species-records-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-norte-brazil-and-enhances-a-small-herbarium-collection-during-a-funding-shortage
#17
Leonardo M Versieux, Nállarett Dávila, Geadelande C Delgado, Valdeci F de Sousa, Edweslley Otaviano de Moura, Tarciso Filgueiras, Marccus V Alves, Eric Carvalho, Daniel Piotto, Rafaela C Forzza, Alice Calvente, Jomar G Jardim
A National Forest Inventory (NFI) encompassing the entire territory of Brazil is in progress. It is coordinated and promoted by the Brazilian Forest Service of the Ministry of Environment. In each state, the NFI collaborates with local herbaria by receiving collected plant material and performing species identification. Consultants are hired by the NFI and work at the local herbaria under the supervision of a curator. In exchange for curatorial assistance, the NFI provides equipment and consumables for the herbarium...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033664/bituminaria-antiatlantica-psoraleeae-fabaceae-a-new-species-from-morocco
#18
Salvatore Brullo, Cristian Brullo, Salvatore Cambria, Antonia Cristaudo, Gianpietro Giusso Del Galdo
A new species of Bituminaria is described and illustrated: Bituminaria antiatlantica Brullo, C. Brullo, Cambria, Cristaudo & Giusso, sp. nov., which is endemic to Anti-Atlas Mountains (Morocco). It is a true chasmophyte, characterized by a suffruticose habit, several woody branches, leaflets coriaceous, rounded to ovate, small, few-flowered inflorescences and corolla pale coloured.
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033656/typifications-for-galactia-purshii-and-g-volubilis-fabaceae
#19
Alan R Franck
The pervasive difficulties encountered with studying Galactia in the eastern USA necessitate additional typifications to stabilize the taxonomy. Galactia purshii is lectotypified here as the earliest available but overlooked name for a fairly common species of the Atlantic Coast and peninsular Florida. Galactia volubilis is epitypified here since the characterization of the species has been limited by its lectotype being an illustration. A lectotype is designated for Galactia pilosa var. angustifolia, a form with narrow leaves here considered synonymous with G...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026369/corrigendum-ethnopharmacological-approaches-for-therapy-of-jaundice-part-ii-highly-used-plant-species-from-acanthaceae-euphorbiaceae-asteraceae-combretaceae-and-fabaceae-families
#20
Devesh Tewari, Andrei Mocan, Emil D Parvanov, Archana N Sah, Seyed M Nabavi, Lukasz Huminiecki, Zheng Feei Ma, Yeong Yeh Lee, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
[This corrects the article on p. 519 in vol. 8, PMID: 28848436.].
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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