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Paulo A C Maranhão, Claudener S Teixeira, Bruno L Sousa, Ito L Barroso-Neto, José E Monteiro-Júnior, Andreia V Fernandes, Marcio V Ramos, Ilka M Vasconcelos, José F C Gonçalves, Bruno A M Rocha, Valder N Freire, Thalles B Grangeiro
The genus Swartzia is a member of the tribe Swartzieae, whose genera constitute the living descendants of one of the early branches of the papilionoid legumes. Legume lectins comprise one of the main families of structurally and evolutionarily related carbohydrate-binding proteins of plant origin. However, these proteins have been poorly investigated in Swartzia and to date, only the lectin from S. laevicarpa seeds (SLL) has been purified. Moreover, no sequence information is known from lectins of any member of the tribe Swartzieae...
April 14, 2017: Phytochemistry
In-Su Choi, Byoung-Hee Choi
Traditionally, the tribe Sophoreae sensu lato has been considered a basal but also heterogeneous taxonomic group of the papilionoid legumes. Phylogenetic studies have placed Sophoreae sensu stricto (s.s.) as a member of the core genistoids. The recently suggested new circumscription of this tribe involved the removal of traditional members and the inclusion of Euchresteae and Thermopsideae. Nonetheless, definitions and inter- and intra-taxonomic issues of Sophoreae remain unclear. Within the field of legume systematics, the molecular characteristics of a plastid genome (plastome) have an important role in helping to define taxonomic groups...
2017: PloS One
Erika N Schwarz, Tracey A Ruhlman, Mao-Lun Weng, Mohammad A Khiyami, Jamal S M Sabir, Nahid H Hajarah, Njud S Alharbi, Samar O Rabah, Robert K Jansen
This study represents the most comprehensive plastome-wide comparison of nucleotide substitution rates across the three subfamilies of Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae, and Papilionoideae. Caesalpinioid and mimosoid legumes have large, unrearranged plastomes compared with papilionoids, which exhibit varying levels of rearrangement including the loss of the inverted repeat (IR) in the IR-lacking clade (IRLC). Using 71 genes common to 39 legume taxa representing all the three subfamilies, we show that papilionoids consistently have higher nucleotide substitution rates than caesalpinioids and mimosoids, and rates in the IRLC papilionoids are generally higher than those in the IR-containing papilionoids...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular Evolution
Mitchell Andrews, Morag E Andrews
Most species in the Leguminosae (legume family) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N₂) via symbiotic bacteria (rhizobia) in root nodules. Here, the literature on legume-rhizobia symbioses in field soils was reviewed and genotypically characterised rhizobia related to the taxonomy of the legumes from which they were isolated. The Leguminosae was divided into three sub-families, the Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae. Bradyrhizobium spp. were the exclusive rhizobial symbionts of species in the Caesalpinioideae, but data are limited...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Armando Luis-Martínez, Arturo Arellano Covarrubias, Jorge Llorente-Bousquets
We list and illustrate Papilionoidea (s. l.) type specimens deposited in the Museo de Zoología "Alfonso L. Herrera" of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The 36 type specimens belong to 29 genera, 14 subfamilies, and five families. We note locality data for each type, and illustrate 23 holotypes, 8 allotypes and 13 paratypes. The names were published between 1984 and 2013.
February 15, 2017: Zootaxa
Alexander Rockinger, Andréia Silva Flores, Susanne S Renner
BACKGROUND: With some 700 species, the pantropical Crotalaria is among the angiosperm's largest genera. We sampled 48% of the species from all sections (and representatives of the 15 remaining Crotalarieae genera) for nuclear and plastid DNA markers to infer changes in climate niches, flower morphology, leaf type, and chromosome numbers. RESULTS: Crotalaria is monophyletic and most closely related to African Bolusia (five species) from which it diverged 23 to 30 Ma ago...
February 28, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Parwinder Kaur, Philipp E Bayer, Zbyněk Milec, Jan Vrána, Yuxuan Yuan, Rudi Appels, David Edwards, Jacqueline Batley, Phillip Nichols, William Erskine, Jaroslav Doležel
Subterranean clover is an important annual forage legume, whose diploidy and inbreeding nature make it an ideal model for genomic analysis in Trifolium. We reported a draft genome assembly of the subterranean clover TSUd_r1.1. Here we evaluate genome mapping on nanochannel arrays and generation of a transcriptome atlas across tissues to advance the assembly and gene annotation. Using a BioNano-based assembly spanning 512 Mb (93% genome coverage), we validated the draft assembly, anchored unplaced contigs and resolved misassemblies...
January 23, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
António Bivar-DE-Sousa, Sasha Vasconcelos, Luís F Mendes, Torben B Larsen, Jon Baker, João L Guilherme
New records are added to the Papilionoidea of Guinea-Bissau, many of which were obtained within the country's Protected Areas. Examination of the collected material yielded 9 new genera and 47 new species for the country, significantly increasing the knowledge of local butterfly diversity. 99 genera and 244 species are now known to occur in Guinea-Bissau, representing an increase of almost 20 % in the number of species and 7 % in the genera in relation to previous data. For each species, the studied material, probable abundance and proposed conservation status in the country are reported; some corrections relative to a few previous misidentifications are added...
December 1, 2016: Zootaxa
Lei Duan, Xue Yang, Peiliang Liu, Gabriel Johnson, Jun Wen, Zhaoyang Chang
Based on sequence data of nuclear ITS and plastid matK, trnL-F and psbA-trnH markers, the phylogeny of the subtribes Caraganinae and Chesneyinae in tribe Caraganeae was inferred. The results support the monophyly of each of the subtribes. Within subtribes Caraganinae, Calophaca and Halimodendron are herein transferred into Caragana to ensure its generic monophyly. The subtribe Chesneyinae is composed of four well-supported genera: Chesneya, Chesniella, Gueldenstaedtia and Tibetia. Based on phylogenetic, morphological, distributional and habitat type evidence, the genus Chesneya was divided into three monophyletic sections: Chesneya sect...
2016: PhytoKeys
Michał Książkiewicz, Sandra Rychel, Matthew N Nelson, Katarzyna Wyrwa, Barbara Naganowska, Bogdan Wolko
BACKGROUND: The Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene, a member of the phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein (PEBP) family, is a major controller of flowering in response to photoperiod, vernalization and light quality. In legumes, FT evolved into three, functionally diversified clades, FTa, FTb and FTc. A milestone achievement in narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) domestication was the loss of vernalization responsiveness at the Ku locus. Recently, one of two existing L...
October 21, 2016: BMC Genomics
Qiu-Ning Liu, Zhao-Zhe Xin, Dan-Dan Bian, Xin-Yue Chai, Chun-Lin Zhou, Bo-Ping Tang
The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) provides important information for understanding molecular evolution and phylogeny. To determine the systematic status of the family Limacodidae within Lepidoptera, we infer a phylogenetic hypothesis based on the complete mitogenome of Monema flavescens (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae). The mitogenome of M. flavescens is 15,396 base pairs (bp), and includes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and a control region (CR)...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Stanislav K Korb, Lavr V Bolshakov
A catalogue of butterflies of Russia and adjacent countries is given, with special account to the name-bearing types depository. This catalogue contains data about 86 species (3 of them are questionable) of Hesperiidae (22 genera); 47 species of Papilionidae (14 genera); 89 species of Pieridae (5 of them are questionable)  (15 genera); 1 species (1 genus) of Libytheinae(dae); 2 species of Danainae(dae) (2 genera); 160 species of Nymphalinae(dae) (1 of them is questionable) (23 genera); 259 species of Satyrinae(dae) (14 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Oeneis and Pseudochazara) (34 genera); 3 species of Riodinidae (2 genera); 318 species of Lycaenidae (11 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Neolycaena and Plebeius) (57 genera)...
September 1, 2016: Zootaxa
Hartmut Kayser, Manfred Nimtz
Bilins, derived from biliverdin IXα, are known from animals, plants and microorganisms, where they play vital roles as light-absorbing pigments. Bilins occur also in many insects. Recently, we discovered in insects a novel structural type of bilins with a farnesyl substituent at pyrrole ring A of biliverdin IXα. The first of these unusual bilins with a molecular mass of 852 (C48H60O10N4) was identified in Cerura vinula, subsequently in Spodoptera littoralis; both species are members of the Noctuoidea superfamily of moths...
November 2016: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Hideki Hirakawa, Parwinder Kaur, Kenta Shirasawa, Phillip Nichols, Soichiro Nagano, Rudi Appels, William Erskine, Sachiko N Isobe
Clovers (genus Trifolium) are widely cultivated across the world as forage legumes and make a large contribution to livestock feed production and soil improvement. Subterranean clover (T. subterraneum L.) is well suited for genomic and genetic studies as a reference species in the Trifolium genus, because it is an annual with a simple genome structure (autogamous and diploid), unlike the other economically important perennial forage clovers, red clover (T. pratense) and white clover (T. repens). This report represents the first draft genome sequence of subterranean clover...
2016: Scientific Reports
Luziany Queiroz-Santos, Fernando Maia Silva Dias, Rafael Dell'Erba, Mirna Martins Casagrande, Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke
Lepidoptera is one of the four megadiverse insect orders, comprising butterflies and moths. In Brazil, the bulk of knowledge about the butterfly fauna is restricted to some areas in the southeast of the country, with large gaps of knowledge in other areas. The state of Mato Grosso is one of the largest states in Brazil, and holds three of the main Brazilian biomes: Amazon rain forest, Cerrado and Pantanal. However, knowledge about Mato Grosso butterflies is fragmented and restricted to a few localities, and information is scattered in various sources...
2016: ZooKeys
Themístocles da Silva Negreiros Neto, Dale Gardner, Fernando Hallwass, Ana Jéssica Matias Leite, Camila Guimarães de Almeida, Laura Nunes Silva, Alan de Araújo Roque, Fernanda Gobbi de Bitencourt, Euzébio Guimarães Barbosa, Tiana Tasca, Alexandre José Macedo, Mauro Vieira de Almeida, Raquel Brandt Giordani
Crotalaria genus belongs to the subfamily Papilionoideae comprising about 600 species spread throughout tropical, neotropical and subtropical regions. In this study, seeds of Crolatalaria pallida were used to the isolation of usaramine, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid. Thus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis were utilized as strains to test some activities of this alkaloid, such as antibiofilm and antibacterial. Meanwhile, monocrotaline obtained from Crotalaria retusa seeds, was used as the starting material for synthesis of necine base derivatives with anti-Trichomonas vaginalis potential...
October 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yu-Peng Wu, Jin-Liang Zhao, Tian-Juan Su, A-Rong Luo, Chao-Dong Zhu
To better understand the diversity and phylogeny of Lepidoptera, the complete mitochondrial genome of Choristoneura longicellana (=Hoshinoa longicellana) was determined. It is a typical circular duplex molecule with 15,759bp in length, containing the standard metazoan set of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and an A+T-rich region. All of the inferred tRNA secondary structures show the common cloverleaf pattern, with the exception of trnS1(AGN), which lacks the DHU arm. The rrnL of C...
October 10, 2016: Gene
Lu Liu, Xun-yang He, Qiang Xie, Ke-lin Wang
Legumes, with a strong resistance to the adverse environmental conditions, are pioneer plants in degraded habitats, and play an important role in ecosystem restoration. In this study, the nodulation characteristics of 24 legumes were surveyed in the Karst area of Northwest Guangxi. A total of 39 nodule samples were collected from 15 legumes, the DNA was extracted and the 16S rDNA and nifH gene were amplified. A phylogenetic tree was then constructed to analyze the genetic diversity of rhizobia. The results showed that 15 legumes were nodulated, of which 14 belonged to the Papilionoideae, one to the Mimosaceae, and none to the Caesalpinoideae...
December 2015: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Arthur C Grupe, Aída Marcela Vasco-Palacios, Matthew E Smith, Teun Boekhout, Terry W Henkel
This work reports on four species of the ectomycorrhizal (ECM) tooth fungus genus Sarcodon (Bankeraceae, Thelephorales, Basidiomycota) recently discovered in the Colombian Amazon. Sarcodon colombiensis sp. nov., Sarcodon rufobrunneus sp. nov., Sarcodon pallidogriseus sp. nov. and Sarcodon bairdii sp. nov. are described as new to science. These fungi occur in forests dominated by ECM trees in the genera Pseudomonotes (Dipterocarpaceae), Dicymbe (Fabaceae subfam. Caesalpinioideae) and Aldina (Fabaceae subfam...
July 2016: Mycologia
V Sarto I Monteys, C Quero, M C Santa-Cruz, G Rosell, A Guerrero
Butterflies and moths are subject to different evolutionary pressures that affect several aspects of their behaviour and physiology, particularly sexual communication. Butterflies are day-flying insects (excluding hedylids) whose partner-finding strategy is mainly based on visual cues and female butterflies having apparently lost the typical sex pheromone glands. Moths, in contrast, are mostly night-flyers and use female-released long-range pheromones for partner-finding. However, some moth families are exclusively day-flyers, and therefore subject to evolutionary pressures similar to those endured by butterflies...
April 5, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
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