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Papilionoideae

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969795/legume-isoflavone-synthase-genes-have-evolved-by-whole-genome-and-local-duplications-yielding-transcriptionally-active-paralogs
#1
Dorota Narożna, Michał Książkiewicz, Łucja Przysiecka, Joanna Króliczak, Bogdan Wolko, Barbara Naganowska, Cezary J Mądrzak
Isoflavone synthase (IFS) is the key enzyme of isoflavonoid biosynthesis. IFS genes were identified in numerous species, although their evolutionary patterns have not yet been reconstructed. To address this issue, we performed structural and functional genomic analysis. Narrow leafed lupin, Lupinus angustifolius L., was used as a reference species for the genus, because it has the most developed molecular tools available. Nuclear genome BAC library clones carrying IFS homologs were localized by linkage mapping and fluorescence in situ hybridization in three chromosome pairs...
November 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966123/phylogeny-biogeography-and-character-evolution-in-the-tribe-desmodieae-fabaceae-papilionoideae-with-special-emphasis-on-the-new-caledonian-endemic-genera
#2
Florian Jabbour, Myriam Gaudeul, Josie Lambourdière, Guillaume Ramstein, Alexandre Hassanin, Jean-Noël Labat, Corinne Sarthou
The nearly cosmopolitan tribe Desmodieae (Fabaceae) includes many important genera for medicine and forage. However, the phylogenetic relationships among the infratribal groups circumscribed using morphological traits are still poorly known. In this study, we used chloroplast (rbcL, psbA-trnH) and nuclear (ITS-1) DNA sequences to investigate the molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of Desmodieae, and infer ancestral states for several vegetative and reproductive traits. Three groups, corresponding to the Desmodium, Lespedeza, and Phyllodium groups sensu Ohashi were retrieved in the phylogenetic analyses...
September 28, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883825/seed-carotenoid-and-tocochromanol-composition-of-wild-fabaceae-species-is-shaped-by-phylogeny-and-ecological-factors
#3
Beatriz Fernández-Marín, Fátima Míguez, Leire Méndez-Fernández, Agustí Agut, José M Becerril, José I García-Plazaola, Ilse Kranner, Louise Colville
Carotenoids distribution and function in seeds have been very scarcely studied, notwithstanding their pivotal roles in plants that include photosynthesis and phytohormone synthesis, pigmentation, membrane stabilization and antioxidant activity. Their relationship with tocochromanols, whose critical role in maintaining seed viability has already been evidenced, and with chlorophylls, whose retention in mature seed is thought to have negative effects on storability, remain also unexplored. Here, we aimed at elucidating seed carotenoids relationship with tocochromanols and chlorophylls with regard to phylogenetic and ecological traits and at understanding their changes during germination...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781100/molecular-characterization-of-novel-bradyrhizobium-strains-nodulating-eriosema-chinense-and-flemingia-vestita-important-unexplored-native-legumes-of-the-sub-himalayan-region-meghalaya-of-india
#4
Archana Ojha, Nisha Tak, Sonam Rathi, Bhawana Chouhan, Satyawada Rama Rao, Saroj K Barik, Santa R Joshi, Janet S Sprent, Euan K James, Hukam S Gehlot
Root nodule bacterial strains were isolated from the little-studied legumes Eriosema chinense and Flemingia vestita (both in tribe Phaseoleae, Papilionoideae) growing in acidic soil of the sub-Himalayan region of the Indian state of Meghalaya (ME), and were identified as novel strains of Bradyrhizobium on the basis of their 16S rRNA sequences. Seven isolates selected on the basis of phenotypic characters and assessment of ARDRA and RAPD patterns were subjected to multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) using four protein-coding housekeeping genes (glnII, recA, dnaK and gyrB)...
July 19, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651001/pptfdb-a-pigeonpea-transcription-factor-database-for-exploring-functional-genomics-in-legumes
#5
Akshay Singh, Ajay Kumar Sharma, Nagendra Kumar Singh, Tilak Raj Sharma
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a diploid legume crop, is a member of the tribe Phaseoleae. This tribe is descended from the millettioid (tropical) clade of the subfamily Papilionoideae, which includes many important legume crop species such as soybean (Glycine max), mung bean (Vigna radiata), cowpea (Vigna ungiculata), and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). It plays major role in food and nutritional security, being rich source of proteins, minerals and vitamins. We have developed a comprehensive Pigeonpea Transcription Factors Database (PpTFDB) that encompasses information about 1829 putative transcription factors (TFs) and their 55 TF families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648724/nitrogen-fixing-rhizobial-strains-isolated-from-desmodium-incanum-dc-in-argentina-phylogeny-biodiversity-and-symbiotic-ability
#6
María Antonieta Toniutti, Laura Viviana Fornasero, Francisco Javier Albicoro, María Carla Martini, Walter Draghi, Florencia Alvarez, Antonio Lagares, José Francisco Pensiero, María Florencia Del Papa
Desmodium spp. are leguminous plants belonging to the tribe Desmodieae of the subfamily Papilionoideae. They are widely distributed in temperated and subtropical regions and are used as forage plants, for biological control, and in traditional folk medicine. The genus includes pioneer species that resist the xerothermic environment and grow in arid, barren sites. Desmodium species that form nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with rhizobia play an important role in sustainable agriculture. In Argentina, 23 native species of this genus have been found, including Desmodium incanum...
July 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610309/fossil-butterflies-calibration-points-and-the-molecular-clock-lepidoptera-papilionoidea
#7
Rienk DE Jong
Fossil butterflies are extremely rare. Yet, they are the only direct evidence of the first appearance of particular characters and as such, they are crucial for calibrating a molecular clock, from which divergence ages are estimated. In turn, these estimates, in combination with paleogeographic information, are most important in paleobiogeographic considerations. The key issue here is the correct allocation of fossils on the phylogenetic tree from which the molecular clock is calibrated.The allocation of a fossil on a tree should be based on an apomorphic character found in a tree based on extant species, similar to the allocation of a new extant species...
May 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546004/a-transfer-rna-gene-rearrangement-in-the-lepidopteran-mitochondrial-genome
#8
Qiu-Ning Liu, Zhao-Zhe Xin, Xiao-Yu Zhu, Xin-Yue Chai, Xiao-Ming Zhao, Chun-Lin Zhou, Bo-Ping Tang
Gene arrangements in the mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of insects are conserved across the major lineages, but can be rearranged within derived groups and may provide valuable phylogenetic characters. In this study, we sequenced the entire mitogenome of Parasa consocia, a moth of the family Limacodidae (Lepidoptera: Zygaenoidea). Compared with other lepidopterans and ancestral insects, the P. consocia mitogenome features a transfer RNA gene arrangement novel among lepidopterans between the ND3 and ND5 genes: RANSEF (the underline signifies an inverted gene), which differs from the ARNSEF arrangement of ancestral insects...
July 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414935/cdna-cloning-molecular-modeling-and-docking-calculations-of-l-type-lectins-from-swartzia-simplex-var-grandiflora-leguminosae-papilionoideae-a-member-of-the-tribe-swartzieae
#9
Paulo A C Maranhão, Claudener S Teixeira, Bruno L Sousa, Ito L Barroso-Neto, José E Monteiro-Júnior, Andreia V Fernandes, Marcio V Ramos, Ilka M Vasconcelos, José F C Gonçalves, Bruno A M Rocha, Valder N Freire, Thalles B Grangeiro
The genus Swartzia is a member of the tribe Swartzieae, whose genera constitute the living descendants of one of the early branches of the papilionoid legumes. Legume lectins comprise one of the main families of structurally and evolutionarily related carbohydrate-binding proteins of plant origin. However, these proteins have been poorly investigated in Swartzia and to date, only the lectin from S. laevicarpa seeds (SLL) has been purified. Moreover, no sequence information is known from lectins of any member of the tribe Swartzieae...
July 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399123/the-distinct-plastid-genome-structure-of-maackia-fauriei-fabaceae-papilionoideae-and-its-systematic-implications-for-genistoids-and-tribe-sophoreae
#10
In-Su Choi, Byoung-Hee Choi
Traditionally, the tribe Sophoreae sensu lato has been considered a basal but also heterogeneous taxonomic group of the papilionoid legumes. Phylogenetic studies have placed Sophoreae sensu stricto (s.s.) as a member of the core genistoids. The recently suggested new circumscription of this tribe involved the removal of traditional members and the inclusion of Euchresteae and Thermopsideae. Nonetheless, definitions and inter- and intra-taxonomic issues of Sophoreae remain unclear. Within the field of legume systematics, the molecular characteristics of a plastid genome (plastome) have an important role in helping to define taxonomic groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397003/plastome-wide-nucleotide-substitution-rates-reveal-accelerated-rates-in-papilionoideae-and-correlations-with-genome-features-across-legume-subfamilies
#11
Erika N Schwarz, Tracey A Ruhlman, Mao-Lun Weng, Mohammad A Khiyami, Jamal S M Sabir, Nahid H Hajarah, Njud S Alharbi, Samar O Rabah, Robert K Jansen
This study represents the most comprehensive plastome-wide comparison of nucleotide substitution rates across the three subfamilies of Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae, and Papilionoideae. Caesalpinioid and mimosoid legumes have large, unrearranged plastomes compared with papilionoids, which exhibit varying levels of rearrangement including the loss of the inverted repeat (IR) in the IR-lacking clade (IRLC). Using 71 genes common to 39 legume taxa representing all the three subfamilies, we show that papilionoids consistently have higher nucleotide substitution rates than caesalpinioids and mimosoids, and rates in the IRLC papilionoids are generally higher than those in the IR-containing papilionoids...
April 2017: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346361/specificity-in-legume-rhizobia-symbioses
#12
REVIEW
Mitchell Andrews, Morag E Andrews
Most species in the Leguminosae (legume family) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N₂) via symbiotic bacteria (rhizobia) in root nodules. Here, the literature on legume-rhizobia symbioses in field soils was reviewed and genotypically characterised rhizobia related to the taxonomy of the legumes from which they were isolated. The Leguminosae was divided into three sub-families, the Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae. Bradyrhizobium spp. were the exclusive rhizobial symbionts of species in the Caesalpinioideae, but data are limited...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264388/papilionoidea-insecta-lepidoptera-type-specimens-at-the-museo-de-zoolog%C3%A3-a-alfonso-l-herrera-from-universidad-nacional-aut%C3%A3-noma-de-m%C3%A3-xico
#13
Armando Luis-Martínez, Arturo Arellano Covarrubias, Jorge Llorente-Bousquets
We list and illustrate Papilionoidea (s. l.) type specimens deposited in the Museo de Zoología "Alfonso L. Herrera" of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The 36 type specimens belong to 29 genera, 14 subfamilies, and five families. We note locality data for each type, and illustrate 23 holotypes, 8 allotypes and 13 paratypes. The names were published between 1984 and 2013.
February 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245805/clock-dated-phylogeny-for-48-of-the-700-species-of-crotalaria-fabaceae-papilionoideae-resolves-sections-worldwide-and-implies-conserved-flower-and-leaf-traits-throughout-its-pantropical-range
#14
Alexander Rockinger, Andréia Silva Flores, Susanne S Renner
BACKGROUND: With some 700 species, the pantropical Crotalaria is among the angiosperm's largest genera. We sampled 48% of the species from all sections (and representatives of the 15 remaining Crotalarieae genera) for nuclear and plastid DNA markers to infer changes in climate niches, flower morphology, leaf type, and chromosome numbers. RESULTS: Crotalaria is monophyletic and most closely related to African Bolusia (five species) from which it diverged 23 to 30 Ma ago...
February 28, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111887/an-advanced-reference-genome-of-trifolium-subterraneum-l-reveals-genes-related-to-agronomic-performance
#15
Parwinder Kaur, Philipp E Bayer, Zbyněk Milec, Jan Vrána, Yuxuan Yuan, Rudi Appels, David Edwards, Jacqueline Batley, Phillip Nichols, William Erskine, Jaroslav Doležel
Subterranean clover is an important annual forage legume, whose diploidy and inbreeding nature make it an ideal model for genomic analysis in Trifolium. We reported a draft genome assembly of the subterranean clover TSUd_r1.1. Here we evaluate genome mapping on nanochannel arrays and generation of a transcriptome atlas across tissues to advance the assembly and gene annotation. Using a BioNano-based assembly spanning 512 Mb (93% genome coverage), we validated the draft assembly, anchored unplaced contigs and resolved misassemblies...
August 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988616/butterflies-of-guinea-bissau-viii-new-data-new-reports-corrections-and-biodiversity-lepidoptera-papilionoidea
#16
António Bivar-DE-Sousa, Sasha Vasconcelos, Luís F Mendes, Torben B Larsen, Jon Baker, João L Guilherme
New records are added to the Papilionoidea of Guinea-Bissau, many of which were obtained within the country's Protected Areas. Examination of the collected material yielded 9 new genera and 47 new species for the country, significantly increasing the knowledge of local butterfly diversity. 99 genera and 244 species are now known to occur in Guinea-Bissau, representing an increase of almost 20 % in the number of species and 7 % in the genera in relation to previous data. For each species, the studied material, probable abundance and proposed conservation status in the country are reported; some corrections relative to a few previous misidentifications are added...
December 1, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829801/a-molecular-phylogeny-of-caraganeae-leguminosae-papilionoideae-reveals-insights-into-new-generic-and-infrageneric-delimitations
#17
Lei Duan, Xue Yang, Peiliang Liu, Gabriel Johnson, Jun Wen, Zhaoyang Chang
Based on sequence data of nuclear ITS and plastid matK, trnL-F and psbA-trnH markers, the phylogeny of the subtribes Caraganinae and Chesneyinae in tribe Caraganeae was inferred. The results support the monophyly of each of the subtribes. Within subtribes Caraganinae, Calophaca and Halimodendron are herein transferred into Caragana to ensure its generic monophyly. The subtribe Chesneyinae is composed of four well-supported genera: Chesneya, Chesniella, Gueldenstaedtia and Tibetia. Based on phylogenetic, morphological, distributional and habitat type evidence, the genus Chesneya was divided into three monophyletic sections: Chesneya sect...
2016: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769166/expansion-of-the-phosphatidylethanolamine-binding-protein-family-in-legumes-a-case-study-of-lupinus-angustifolius-l-flowering-locus-t-homologs-lanftc1-and-lanftc2
#18
Michał Książkiewicz, Sandra Rychel, Matthew N Nelson, Katarzyna Wyrwa, Barbara Naganowska, Bogdan Wolko
BACKGROUND: The Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene, a member of the phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein (PEBP) family, is a major controller of flowering in response to photoperiod, vernalization and light quality. In legumes, FT evolved into three, functionally diversified clades, FTa, FTb and FTc. A milestone achievement in narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) domestication was the loss of vernalization responsiveness at the Ku locus. Recently, one of two existing L...
October 21, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767191/the-first-complete-mitochondrial-genome-for-the-subfamily-limacodidae-and-implications-for-the-higher-phylogeny-of-lepidoptera
#19
Qiu-Ning Liu, Zhao-Zhe Xin, Dan-Dan Bian, Xin-Yue Chai, Chun-Lin Zhou, Bo-Ping Tang
The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) provides important information for understanding molecular evolution and phylogeny. To determine the systematic status of the family Limacodidae within Lepidoptera, we infer a phylogenetic hypothesis based on the complete mitogenome of Monema flavescens (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae). The mitogenome of M. flavescens is 15,396 base pairs (bp), and includes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and a control region (CR)...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615908/a-systematic-catalogue-of-butterflies-of-the-former-soviet-union-armenia-azerbaijan-belarus-estonia-georgia-kyrgyzstan-kazakhstan-latvia-lituania-moldova-russia-tajikistan-turkmenistan-ukraine-uzbekistan-with-special-account-to-their-type-specimens-lepidoptera
#20
Stanislav K Korb, Lavr V Bolshakov
A catalogue of butterflies of Russia and adjacent countries is given, with special account to the name-bearing types depository. This catalogue contains data about 86 species (3 of them are questionable) of Hesperiidae (22 genera); 47 species of Papilionidae (14 genera); 89 species of Pieridae (5 of them are questionable)  (15 genera); 1 species (1 genus) of Libytheinae(dae); 2 species of Danainae(dae) (2 genera); 160 species of Nymphalinae(dae) (1 of them is questionable) (23 genera); 259 species of Satyrinae(dae) (14 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Oeneis and Pseudochazara) (34 genera); 3 species of Riodinidae (2 genera); 318 species of Lycaenidae (11 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Neolycaena and Plebeius) (57 genera)...
September 1, 2016: Zootaxa
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