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continous replacement therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746986/continous-renal-replacement-therapy-and-intermittent-hemodialysis-in-acute-kidney-injury-equivalent-or-complementary
#1
COMMENT
R T Noel Gibney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659871/development-and-application-of-novelty-pretreatment-method-for-the-concurrent-quantitation-of-eleven-water-soluble-b-vitamins-in-ultrafiltrates-after-renal-replacement-therapy
#2
Dorota Wirkus, Aleksandra Jakubus, Radosław Owczuk, Piotr Stepnowski, Monika Paszkiewicz
Continous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is particularly recommended for septic shock patients in intensive care units. The CRRT technique used most frequently is high volume continuous veno-venous haemofiltration. It provides a high rate of clearance of uremic toxins and inflammatory cytokines. However, it should also be taken into account that substances important for homeostasis may be concurrently unintentionally removed. Accordingly, water-soluble vitamins can be removed during continuous renal replacement therapy, and the estimate of the loss is critical to ensure appropriate supplementation...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421916/liver-transplantation-for-mitochondrial-neurogastrointestinal-encephalomyopathy
#3
Roberto De Giorgio, Loris Pironi, Rita Rinaldi, Elisa Boschetti, Leonardo Caporali, Mariantonietta Capristo, Carlo Casali, Giovanna Cenacchi, Manuela Contin, Roberto D'Angelo, Antonietta D'Errico, Laura Ludovica Gramegna, Raffaele Lodi, Alessandra Maresca, Susan Mohamed, Maria Cristina Morelli, Valentina Papa, Caterina Tonon, Vitaliano Tugnoli, Valerio Carelli, Roberto D'Alessandro, Antonio Daniele Pinna
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a fatal, recessive disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding thymidine phosphorylase, leading to reduced enzymatic activity, toxic nucleoside accumulation, and secondary mitochondrial DNA damage. Thymidine phosphorylase replacement has been achieved by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, a procedure hampered by high mortality. Based on high thymidine phosphorylase expression in the liver, a 25-year-old severely affected patient underwent liver transplantation...
September 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26676706/autologous-bone-marrow-derived-cells-regenerate-urethral-sphincters
#4
Tetsuya Imamura, Osamu Ishizuka, Osamu Nishizawa
Regenerative medicine based on tissue engineering and/or stem cell therapy techniques has the potential to improve irreversibly damaged tissues. Surgical injury to the lower urinary tract can occur as a result of radical prostatectomy or bladder neck surgery. Regeneration of urethral sphincters could be an effective treatment for post-surgical intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD)-related urinary incontinence. The replacement, enhancement, and/or recovery the urethral sphincter striated and smooth muscles could increase urethral closure pressure to help patients regain continence...
March 2012: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26656132/present-status-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-asian-countries
#5
Pavan Kumar Rao Navva, Subramanyam Venkata Sreepada, Karopadi Shivanand Nayak
BACKGROUND: Asia is a huge and populous continent with diverse economies where the status of renal replacement therapy varies among different countries. SUMMARY: The penetration of dialysis is poor among low income countries like India and China. A lack of trained nephrologists and limited numbers of dialysis facilities plague South Asian countries. Most of the hemodialysis centers are in the private sector; the few centers that are government-run or run by charitable organizations cannot meet growing needs...
2015: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26632812/the-role-of-palliative-surgery-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Axel Heidenreich, Daniel Porres, David Pfister
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues or antagonists represents the treatment of choice in men with metastatic prostate cancer (PCA). Depending on the serum concentration of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir, the survival might vary between 11 and 78 months. In castration-resistant PCA (CRPC), all new medical treatment options can induce complete and partial remissions in metastatic foci, but they have no profound effect on the prostate itself, as has been shown recently...
2015: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550699/-lactose-intolerance-past-and-present-part-1
#7
REVIEW
György Miklós Buzás
Lactose intolerance is the most prevalent intestinal malabsorption disorder. After presentation of its history, the author describes the emergence of lactose intolerance during the evolution of species, and the biochemistry of lactose as well as features of human and bacterial lactase enzymes are then described. The unequal distribution of lactose intolerance in different continents and population is discussed, followed by presentation of past and present prevalence data in Hungary. Adult-type hypolactasia is caused by a polymorphism of the MCM6 gene located upstream from the lactase gene on the long arm of the chromosome 2...
September 20, 2015: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26482484/global-incidence-and-outcomes-of-adult-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Jiachang Hu, Rongyi Chen, Shaopeng Liu, Xiaofang Yu, Jianzhou Zou, Xiaoqiang Ding
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the global incidence and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery in adult patients. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Cardiac surgery wards. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients after cardiac surgery INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The authors searched PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, OVID, and EMBASE databases for all articles on cardiac surgery patients published during 2004 to 2014...
January 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313496/diabetes-glycemic-control-and-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#9
Rui Wang, Roger Lefevre, Michele R Hacker, Toni H Golen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the association between urinary incontinence and glycemic control in women ages 20 to 85 years. METHODS: We included 7270 women from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, stratified into three groups of glycemic control defined by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c): (i) those below the diagnostic threshold (HbA1c < 6.5%), (ii) those with relatively controlled diabetes (HbA1c, 6.5-8.5%), and (iii) those with poorly controlled diabetes (HbA1c > 8...
September 2015: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26240882/drug-induced-urinary-incontinence
#10
(no author information available yet)
Urinary incontinence can have a significant impact on patients' quality of life. Some causes involve physiologic and structural disorders of the urinary system. Other causes do not directly affect the urinary system but are related to difficulties in reacting to the urge to urinate or getting to the toilet alone, or an increase in urine output. Toxic substances or drugs are sometimes implicated. Drugs that affect one or more of the components of the normal continence mechanism expose patients to the risk of urinary incontinence...
July 2015: Prescrire International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856059/appropriate-first-line-regimens-to-combat-helicobacter-pylori-antibiotic-resistance-an-asian-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Muhammad Miftahussurur, Yoshio Yamaoka
Asia has the largest population of any continent and the highest incidence of gastric cancer in the world, making it very important in the context of Helicobacter pylori infection. According to current guidelines, standard triple therapy containing a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two antibiotics; amoxicillin (AMX) and clarithromycin (CAM) or metronidazole (MNZ), is still the preferred first-line regimen for treatment of H. pylori infection. However, the efficacy of legacy triple regimens has been seriously challenged, and they are gradually becoming ineffective...
April 8, 2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25327244/the-treatment-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-safety-and-efficacy
#12
REVIEW
Rajesh Kumar Jha, Ajit Kumar Sah, Dev Kumar Shah, Phoolgen Sah
Visceral leishmaniasis is the disease of poor; however availability of only expensive treatment of this disease impinges the socioeconomic condition of those affected. If untreated, almost all cases of visceral leishmaniasis are fatal. The demonstration of the leishmania donovani bodies from the tissue aspirates or serological tests confirms the diagnosis of the disease. Pentavalent antimony, amphotericin B, paromomycin, diamine pentamidine, miltefosine, sitamaquine and some new combinations are integrated in the limited therapeutic armoury for treatment of visceral leishmaniasis...
October 2013: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25090289/the-role-of-palliative-surgery-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Charlotte Piper, Daniel Porres, David Pfister, Axel Heidenreich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Androgen deprivation therapy with luteinising hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues or antagonists represents the treatment of choice in men metastatic prostate cancer (PCA). Depending on the serum concentration of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir, the survival might vary between 11 and 78 months. About one-third of all patients without local treatment of the primary will develop significant complications of the lower and upper urinary tract because of local progression of PCA...
September 2014: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24866161/a-fairbairnian-structural-analysis-of-the-narcissistic-personality-disorder
#14
David P Celani
Fairbairn's structural theory is based on the developing child's need to dissociate actual events between himself or herself and his or her objects that are excessively rejecting in order to contine an uninterrupted, pristine attachment to them. This eventuates in three selves in relation to three objects: One pair is conscious (the central ego which relates to the ideal object), while the other two pairs (the antilibidinal ego, which relates to the rejecting object, and the libidinal ego, which relates to the exciting object) are mostly held in the unconscious...
June 2014: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24780554/evaluation-of-acid-base-control-electrolyte-balance-and-filter-patency-of-a-prismaflex-based-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-protocol-for-pre-dilution-continuous-veno-venous-hemodiafiltration
#15
Dmytro Khadzhynov, Torsten Slowinski, Ina Lieker, Hans-H Neumayer, Harm Peters
BACKGROUND: Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is increasingly used in patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). This study evaluated a new RCA protocol based on the Prismaflex® dialysis device and an isotonic citrate solution (prismocitrate) for pre-dilution continous veno-venous hemodiafiltration. METHODS: The Prismaflex®/Prismocitrate-based protocol involved an AN69ST® membrane (Prisma Flex ST100), a blood flow of 120 mL/min, 1.8 L/h Prismocitrate (10 mmol/L citrate/2 mmol/L citric acid) substitution fluid in pre-dilution mode, and 0...
May 2014: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24730750/laparoscopic-versus-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-an-australian-single-surgeon-series
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alexander Papachristos, Marnique Basto, Luc Te Marvelde, Daniel Moon
BACKGROUND: In Australia, robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has steadily replaced open and laparoscopic surgery in the management of localized prostate cancer. Given the increased cost of this technology, we aimed to compare the perioperative, pathological, oncological and functional outcomes as well as short-term complications of laparoscopic and RARP. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on 200 consecutive patients during the transition of a single surgeon (DM) from pure laparoscopic (n = 100) to RARP (n = 100) between September 2007 and March 2011...
March 2015: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24582493/perianal-implantation-of-bioengineered-human-internal-anal-sphincter-constructs-intrinsically-innervated-with-human-neural-progenitor-cells
#17
Shreya Raghavan, Eiichi A Miyasaka, Robert R Gilmont, Sita Somara, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Khalil N Bitar
BACKGROUND: The internal anal sphincter (IAS) is a major contributing factor to pressure within the anal canal and is required for maintenance of rectoanal continence. IAS damage or weakening results in fecal incontinence. We have demonstrated that bioengineered, intrinsically innervated, human IAS tissue replacements possess key aspects of IAS physiology, such as the generation of spontaneous basal tone and contraction/relaxation in response to neurotransmitters. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of implantation of bioengineered IAS constructs in the perianal region of athymic rats...
April 2014: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24475884/laparoscopic-assisted-percutaneous-cecostomy-for-antegrade-continence-enema
#18
Lori DeFreest, Janeen Smith, Christine Whyte
PURPOSE: The antegrade continence enema (ACE) is an option in the management of fecal incontinence and chronic constipation. We report our experience with a simple laparoscopic technique. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were collected on 16 children (8 boys) who underwent laparoscopic cecostomy for ACE. Success was defined as cessation of fecal soiling with no need for diapers. RESULTS: Mean age at laparoscopic cecostomy was 11 years (range, 6-16 years)...
April 2014: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24440693/commentary-to-a-novel-alternative-for-renal-replacement-therapy-for-developing-countries-two-year-successful-colonic-dialysis-via-malone-antegrade-continent-enema-stoma
#19
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24345419/a-novel-alternative-for-renal-replacement-therapy-2-year-successful-colonic-dialysis-via-a-malone-antegrade-continent-enema-stoma
#20
Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Atefeh Zeinoddini, Reza Heidari, Haleh NaserHodjjati, Ali Tourchi
This study is a case report of home-based colonic dialysis (CD) for treating end-stage renal disease in a 20-year-old woman. She had a history of Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) for treating neuropathic bowel at the age of 11 years. The patient refused any type of renal replacement therapy. However, she agreed to CD through the MACE stoma by changing the colonic irrigation solution to the peritoneal dialysis solution. The patient was discharged with a plasma creatinine (Cr) level of 1.7 mg/dL and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level of 8 mg/dL...
June 2014: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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