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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713520/decisional-balance-and-self-efficacy-of-physical-activity-among-the-elderly-in-rasht-in-2013-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model
#1
Seddigheh Abbaspour, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Fateme Njafi, Arezoo Mohamadkhani Ghiasvand, Leila Dehghankar
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has been considered as health promotion, and identifying different effective psycho-social variables on physical has proven to be essential. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between decisional balance and self-efficacy in physical activities using the transtheoretical model in the members of a retirement center in Rasht, Guillen. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 by using convenient sampling on 262 elderly people who are the members of retirement centers in Rasht...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699662/effects-of-calycosin-against-high-fat-diet-induced-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-mice
#2
Xingping Duan, Qiang Meng, Changyuan Wang, Zhihao Liu, Huijun Sun, Xiaokui Huo, Pengyuan Sun, Xiaodong Ma, Jinyong Peng, Kexin Liu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major health concern worldwide. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of calycosin against high fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6J male mice were fed with HFD to induce NAFLD model and treated with or without calycosin for 12 weeks. The levels of ALT, AST, insulin and adiponectin were measured using biochemical methods. H&E staining and Oil Red O staining were used to determine the liver histopathology changes and measure the degree of lipid accumulation respectively...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655652/-p-clphse-2-stimulates-carbohydrate-metabolism-and-reverses-the-metabolic-alterations-induced-by-high-fructose-load-in-rats
#3
Caroline B Quines, Suzan G Rosa, Pietro M Chagas, Daniela Velasquez, Vinicius C Prado, Cristina W Nogueira
The modern life leads to excess consumption of food rich in fructose; however, the long-term changes in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism could lead to metabolic dysfunction in humans. The present study evaluated the in vitro insulin-mimetic action of p-chloro-diphenyl diselenide (p-ClPhSe)2. The second aim of this study was to investigate if (p-ClPhSe)2 reverses metabolic dysfunction induced by fructose load in Wistar rats. The insulin-mimetic action of (p-ClPhSe)2 at concentrations of 50 and 100 μM was determined in slices of rat skeletal muscle...
June 24, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618742/the-turkish-version-of-the-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-pase-its-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability
#4
Ender Ayvat, Muhammed Kilinç, Nuray Kirdi
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to describe the cultural adaptation of the Turkish Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale in older Turkish adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty elderly people were recruited for the study. The assessments included the PASE, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), the Short Physical Performance Battery and Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Mini Mental State Test...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607575/spatholobus-suberectus-exhibits-antidiabetic-activity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-activation-of-akt-ampk-pathway
#5
Peijun Zhao, Md Badrul Alam, Seok-Hyun Lee, Young-Jun Kim, Seul Lee, Hongyan An, Hee-Jeong Choi, Hyeong-U Son, Chul-Hong Park, Hyo-Hyun Kim, Sang-Han Lee
Glucose deposition in peripheral tissue is an important parameter for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Spatholobus suberectus (Ss) on glucose disposal in skeletal muscle cells and additionally explore its in vivo antidiabetic potential. Treatment of ethanolic extract of S. suberectus (EeSs) significantly enhanced the glucose uptake, mediated through the enhanced expression of GLUT4 in skeletal muscle via the stimulation of AKT and AMPK pathways in C2C12 cells...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601099/ambient-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-physical-activity-a-longitudinal-study-of-university-retirees-in-beijing-china
#6
Hongjun Yu, Ruopeng An, Flavia Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We examined the longitudinal relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and physical activity-related health behaviors among university retirees in Beijing, China. METHODS: Annual health surveys of retirees were conducted at Tsinghua University during 2011-2016. We conducted linear individual fixed-effect regression analyses to estimate the impact of ambient PM2.5 concentration on physical activity-related health behaviors among survey participants, adjusting for various time-variant individual characteristics and environmental measures...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596460/role-of-improved-vascular-health-in-the-declining-incidence-of-dementia
#7
REVIEW
Matthew P Pase, Claudia L Satizabal, Sudha Seshadri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595018/predictors-of-physical-activity-levels-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-multivariate-approach-based-on-a-socio-ecological-framework
#8
Koren L Fisher, Elizabeth L Harrison, Brenda G Bruner, Joshua A Lawson, Bruce A Reeder, Nigel L Ashworth, M Suzanne Sheppard, Karen E Chad
OBJECTIVES: To explore cross-sectional relationships between self-reported physical activity (PA) and personal, social and environmental factors in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Accounting for clustering by neighborhood, generalized estimating equations were used to examine associations between selected correlates and the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) score while adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: Data for 601 participants were analyzed: 79% female, 37% married, mean age 76...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583069/trajectories-of-the-relationships-of-physical-activity-with-body-composition-changes-in-older-men-the-mros-study
#9
Deepika R Laddu, Peggy M Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Andrew R Hoffman, Eric Orwoll, Iva Miljkovic, Marcia L Stefanick
BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity gains and significant lean mass loss may be risk factors for chronic disease in old age. Long-term patterns of change in physical activity (PA) and their influence on body composition decline during aging has not been characterized. We evaluated the interrelationships of PA and body composition at the outset and over longitudinal follow-up to changes in older men. METHODS: Self-reported PA by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), clinic body weight, and whole-body lean mass (LM) and fat mass, by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), were assessed in 5964 community-dwelling men aged ≥65 years at baseline (2000-2002) and at two subsequent clinic visits up until March 2009 (an average 4...
June 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574730/physical-activity-behavior-after-a-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-differs-between-countries
#10
Jun Ni, Linda Denehy, Jian Feng, Liqin Xu, Yi Wu, Catherine L Granger
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is important in lung cancer. OBJECTIVES: To investigate PA levels and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with lung cancer in China and compare this to a similar cohort in Australia. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. 71 patients from China (group CH) and 90 patients from Australia (group AU) with newly diagnosed lung cancer. Questionnaires assessed self-reported PA levels and HRQoL at baseline (diagnosis) and 8 weeks...
March 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572470/risk-of-knee-osteoarthritis-over-24-months-in-individuals-who-decrease-walking-speed-during-a-12-month-period-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#11
Mackenzie M Herzog, Jeffrey B Driban, Nicole M Cattano, Kenneth L Cameron, Timothy W Tourville, Stephen W Marshall, Brian Pietrosimone
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between change in walking speed over a 12-month period and risk of developing radiographic knee osteoarthritis (rKOA) over a 24-month period. METHODS: We included participants without rKOA from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Change in walking speed was determined from a 20-m walk assessment, calculated using walking speed at 12-month followup minus baseline speed and/or 24-month followup walking speed minus 12-month speed. Incident rKOA was defined as progressing to Kellgren-Lawrence arthritis grading scale ≥ 2 within 24 months (i...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554177/high-prestroke-physical-activity-is-associated-with-reduced-infarct-growth-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-treated-with-intravenous-tpa-and-randomized-to-remote-ischemic-perconditioning
#12
Rolf A Blauenfeldt, Kristina D Hougaard, Kim Mouridsen, Grethe Andersen
BACKGROUND: A high prestroke physical activity (PA) level is associated with reduced stroke rate, stroke mortality, better functional outcome, and possible neuroprotective abilities. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible neuroprotective effect of prestroke PA on 24-h cerebral infarct growth in a cohort of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous tPA and randomized to remote ischemic perconditioning. METHODS: In this predefined subanalysis, data from a randomized clinical trial investigating the effect of remote ischemic perconditioning (RIPerC) on AIS was used...
May 30, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473633/aortic-stiffness-increased-white-matter-free-water-and-altered-microstructural-integrity-a-continuum-of-injury
#13
Pauline Maillard, Gary F Mitchell, Jayandra J Himali, Alexa Beiser, Evan Fletcher, Connie W Tsao, Matthew P Pase, Claudia L Satizabal, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sudha Seshadri, Charles DeCarli
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous reports from the Framingham Heart Study have identified cross-sectional associations of arterial stiffness, as reflected by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV) and systolic blood pressure with vascular brain injury. The purpose of this study is to examine free water (FW), fractional anisotropy (FA), and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in relation to arterial stiffness among subjects of the Framingham Offspring and Third-Generation cohorts. METHODS: In 2422 participants aged 51...
June 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428346/sugar-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-and-the-risks-of-incident-stroke-and-dementia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Matthew P Pase, Jayandra J Himali, Alexa S Beiser, Hugo J Aparicio, Claudia L Satizabal, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sudha Seshadri, Paul F Jacques
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sugar- and artificially-sweetened beverage intake have been linked to cardiometabolic risk factors, which increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease and dementia. We examined whether sugar- or artificially sweetened beverage consumption was associated with the prospective risks of incident stroke or dementia in the community-based Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort. METHODS: We studied 2888 participants aged >45 years for incident stroke (mean age 62 [SD, 9] years; 45% men) and 1484 participants aged >60 years for incident dementia (mean age 69 [SD, 6] years; 46% men)...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420169/ultrasensitive-label-free-sensing-of-il-6-based-on-pase-functionalized-carbon-nanotube-micro-arrays-with-rna-aptamers-as-molecular-recognition-elements
#15
Farhad Khosravi, Seyed Masoud Loeian, Balaji Panchapakesan
This study demonstrates the rapid and label-free detection of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) using carbon nanotube micro-arrays with aptamer as the molecular recognition element. Single wall carbon nanotubes micro-arrays biosensors were manufactured using photo-lithography, metal deposition, and etching techniques. Nanotube biosensors were functionalized with 1-Pyrenebutanoic Acid Succinimidyl Ester (PASE) conjugated IL-6 aptamers. Real time response of the sensor conductance was monitored with increasing concentration of IL-6 (1 pg/mL to 10 ng/mL), exposure to the sensing surface in buffer solution, and clinically relevant spiked blood samples...
April 17, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382966/the-pu-1-target-gene-zbtb11-regulates-neutrophil-development-through-its-integrase-like-hhcc-zinc-finger
#16
Maria-Cristina Keightley, Duncan P Carradice, Judith E Layton, Luke Pase, Julien Y Bertrand, Johannes G Wittig, Aleksandar Dakic, Andrew P Badrock, Nicholas J Cole, David Traver, Stephen L Nutt, Julia McCoey, Ashley M Buckle, Joan K Heath, Graham J Lieschke
In response to infection and injury, the neutrophil population rapidly expands and then quickly re-establishes the basal state when inflammation resolves. The exact pathways governing neutrophil/macrophage lineage outputs from a common granulocyte-macrophage progenitor are still not completely understood. From a forward genetic screen in zebrafish, we identify the transcriptional repressor, ZBTB11, as critical for basal and emergency granulopoiesis. ZBTB11 sits in a pathway directly downstream of master myeloid regulators including PU...
April 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330721/changes-in-the-human-transcriptome-upon-vitamin-d-supplementation
#17
Yvonne Pasing, Christopher Graham Fenton, Rolf Jorde, Ruth Hracky Paulssen
Vitamin D is hydroxylated in the liver and kidneys to its active form, which can bind to the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The VDR is present in a wide variety of different cells types and tissues and acts as a transcription factor. Although activation of the VDR is estimated to regulate expression of up to 5% of the human genome, our study is the first analysing gene expression after supplementation in more than 10 subjects. Subjects of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) received either vitamin D3 (n47) in a weekly dose of 20,000 IU or placebo (n 47) for a period of three to five years...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274718/sugary-beverage-intake-and-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-community
#18
Matthew P Pase, Jayandra J Himali, Paul F Jacques, Charles DeCarli, Claudia L Satizabal, Hugo Aparicio, Ramachandran S Vasan, Alexa S Beiser, Sudha Seshadri
INTRODUCTION: Excess sugar consumption has been linked with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology in animal models. METHODS: We examined the cross-sectional association of sugary beverage consumption with neuropsychological (N = 4276) and magnetic resonance imaging (N = 3846) markers of preclinical Alzheimer's disease and vascular brain injury (VBI) in the community-based Framingham Heart Study. Intake of sugary beverages was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire...
March 6, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269052/effect-of-oral-glucose-supplementation-on-surface-emg-during-fatiguing-dynamic-exercise
#19
Clare M Davidson, Giuseppe De Vito, Madeleine M Lowery
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of oral glucose supplementation on the surface electromyographic (sEMG) signal recorded during a dynamic, fatiguing exercise protocol. Five healthy subjects participated in the study. Blood glucose concentration and sEMG signals from five upper leg muscles were recorded during a cycling exercise performed at 70% VO2peak until task failure, on two separate occasions. Glucose was consumed at 15 minute intervals throughout one trial. The median frequency of the sEMG was observed to increase progressively throughout the exercise, with a greater increase in the with glucose condition...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238574/could-hypoxia-acclimation-cause-morphological-changes-and-protect-against-mn-induced-oxidative-injuries-in-silver-catfish-rhamdia-quelen-even-after-reoxygenation
#20
G S Dolci, H Z Rosa, L T Vey, C S Pase, R C S Barcelos, V T Dias, L Loebens, P Dalla Vecchia, C A Bizzi, B Baldisserotto, M E Burger
Exposure to hypoxia has shown beneficial adjustments in different species, including silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen), especially in situations of aquatic contamination with pollutants such as manganese (Mn). Considering that hypoxia is seasonal in the natural aquatic environment, we decided to assess whether these adaptive mechanisms could be maintained when reoxygenation is established. Silver catfish acclimated to moderate hypoxia (∼3 mg L(-1), 41% O2 saturation) for 10 days and subsequently exposed to Mn (∼8...
May 2017: Environmental Pollution
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