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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527798/short-communication-effect-of-a-citrus-extract-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#1
Y Ying, M Niu, A R Clarke, K J Harvatine
Dry matter intake is a main driver of energy balance in lactating dairy cows, and some plant extracts have been commercially fed to dairy cows to stimulate feed intake. Citrus extracts contain several bioactive components and have been shown to modify metabolism in other animal models. Our hypothesis was that a citrus extract would increase dry matter intake. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of a citrus extract on intake and milk production in lactating dairy cows. In experiment one, 11 early-lactation dairy cows (experiment 1; 77 ± 15 d in milk, mean ± standard deviation) were used in a switchback design, and in experiment two, 15 mid-lactation Holstein cows (experiment 2; 157 ± 44 d in milk, mean ± standard deviation) were used in a crossover design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526361/recruitment-enrollment-and-response-of-parent-adolescent-dyads-in-the-flashe-study
#2
April Y Oh, Terisa Davis, Laura A Dwyer, Erin Hennessy, Tiandong Li, Amy L Yaroch, Linda C Nebeling
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, the National Cancer Institute conducted the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study (FLASHE). This parent and adolescent survey examines psychosocial; generational (parent-adolescent); and environmental (home and neighborhood) correlates of cancer-preventive behaviors, with a particular emphasis on diet and physical activity. This paper describes the FLASHE data collection methods and enrollment and response rates. METHODS: FLASHE data collection methods included web-based surveys delivered to dyads of parents and their adolescent children, and deployment of accelerometers to a subset of adolescents, to achieve study goals in a nationwide study sample...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525803/unaltered-reversible-magnetic-transition-in-fe-nanostructures-upon-ambient-exposure
#3
A Quesada, R Gargallo-Caballero, Y Montaña, M Foerster, L Aballe, J F Fernández, J de la Figuera
High aspect-ratio Fe nanostrips are known to reversibly switch from a single-domain magnetic state to a multidomain diamond pattern as a function of temperature (T) and width. This magnetic bistability can be understood by the temperature-dependent balance between magnetocrystalline, shape and magnetoelastic anisotropies and has potential applications in magnetic logic devices. However, as Fe nanostructures easily oxidize, protecting the surface with capping layers may be required, which could largely affect the anisotropy balance...
May 13, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520686/clinical-correlates-to-assist-with-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-diagnosis-insights-from-a-novel-rodent-repeat-concussion-model
#4
Gretchen M Thomsen, Ara Ko, Megan Y Harada, Annie Ma, Livia Wyss, Patricia Haro, Jean-Philippe Vit, Pablo Avalos, Navpreet K Dhillon, Noell Cho, Oksana Shelest, Eric J Ley
INTRODUCTION: Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease linked to repetitive head injuries. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy symptoms include changes in mood, behavior, cognition, and motor function; however, CTE is currently diagnosed only postmortem. Using a rat model of recurrent traumatic brain injury (TBI), we demonstrate rodent deficits that predict the severity of CTE-like brain pathology. METHODS: Bilateral, closed-skull, mild TBI was administered once per week to 35 wild-type rats; eight rats received two injuries (2×TBI), 27 rats received five injuries (5×TBI), and 13 rats were sham controls...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515974/the-effect-of-fatigue-on-upper-quarter-y-balance-test-scores-in-recreational-weightlifters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Trenton D Salo, Eric Chaconas
BACKGROUND: A paucity of research currently exists for upper extremity return to sport testing. The Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-UQ) is a clinical test of closed kinetic chain performance with demonstrated reliability. Prior investigations of the YBT-UQ were conducted with individuals in a resting state and no comparison to performance in a fatigued state has been conducted. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of upper extremity fatigue on the performance of the YBT-UQ in recreational weightlifters...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513767/capnography-as-a-tool-to-detect-metabolic-changes-in-patients-cared-for-in-the-emergency-setting
#6
Francisco José Cereceda-Sánchez, Jesús Molina-Mula
Objective: to evaluate the usefulness of capnography for the detection of metabolic changes in spontaneous breathing patients, in the emergency and intensive care settings. Methods: in-depth and structured bibliographical search in the databases EBSCOhost, Virtual Health Library, PubMed, Cochrane Library, among others, identifying studies that assessed the relationship between capnography values and the variables involved in blood acid-base balance. Results: 19 studies were found, two were reviews and 17 were observational studies...
May 15, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511775/alpha-fetoprotein-is-a-significant-prognostic-factor-for-gastric-cancer-results-from-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis-after-curative-resection
#7
D Reim, Y-S Choi, H M Yoon, B Park, B W Eom, M-C Kook, K W Ryu, I J Choi, J Joo, Y-W Kim
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of alpha-fetoprotein positive gastric cancer (AFPP-GC) remains elusive so far due to disparities in cohort size and baseline characteristics in previous studies. A propensity score matching (PSM) analysis as well as multivariable model was performed for unbiased evaluation of the outcome in AFPGC. METHODS: Among 3034 gastric cancer patients who underwent curative gastric cancer surgery (R0, M0) at the National Cancer Center, Korea between 2002 and 2007, we identified 97 patients being positive for AFP either by elevation of serum-AFP levels >10 μg/L or by immunohistochemical staining...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507406/evaluation-of-different-agroindustrial-waste-on-the-effect-of-different-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers-chicken
#8
Y Sánchez-Roque, Y D C Pérez-Luna, E Pérez-Luna, R Berrones Hernández, S Saldaña-Trinidad
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505988/intensive-seated-robotic-training-of-the-ankle-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-differentially-improves-gait
#9
Johanna L Chang, Regina Y Lin, Maira Saul, Philip J Koch, Hermano Igo Krebs, Bruce T Volpe
BACKGROUND: Robotic driven treatment plans targeting isolated joints of the upper limb have improved the sensorimotor condition of patients with stroke. Similar intensive efforts to allay lower limb gait impairment have not been so successful. In patients with stroke, targeted robot assisted training of the ankle joint, in a seated position, has demonstrated significant alterations in ankle stiffness and foot-ankle orientation at foot strike which may provide a new treatment option for gait impairment...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490676/excretion-of-zinc-and-copper-increases-in-men-during-3-weeks-of-bed-rest-with-or-without-artificial-gravity
#10
Hayley N Heacox, Patricia L Gillman, Sara R Zwart, Scott M Smith
Background: Zinc and copper have many physiologic functions and little or no functional storage capability, so persistent losses of either element present health concerns, especially during extended-duration space missions.Objectives: We evaluated the effects of short-term bed rest (BR), a spaceflight analog, on copper and zinc metabolism to better understand the role of these nutrients in human adaptation to (simulated) spaceflight. We also investigated the effect of artificial gravity on copper and zinc homeostasis...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490513/effect-of-maternal-antenatal-and-newborn-supplementation-with-vitamin-a-on-cognitive-development-of-school-aged-children-in-rural-bangladesh-a-follow-up-of-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#11
Hasmot Ali, Jena Hamadani, Sucheta Mehra, Fahmida Tofail, Md Imrul Hasan, Saijuddin Shaikh, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Lee S-F Wu, Keith P West, Parul Christian
Background: The impact of early vitamin A supplementation on neurodevelopmental function has not been adequately studied. In rural Bangladesh we examined cognitive and motor function and scholastic achievement in a cohort of children who were exposed to vitamin A in utero or at birth.Objective: The aim of this study was to examine independent and combined effects of antenatal and newborn supplementation with vitamin A on the cognitive function of children at 8 y of age.Design: A cohort of rural Bangladeshi children from 2 previous double-blind, placebo-controlled cluster-randomized trials were revisited at age 8 y between February 2013 and June 2014...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488324/one-electron-bonds-in-frustrated-lewis-pair-tpb-ligands-boron-behaving-as-a-lewis-base
#12
Elena Kusevska, M Merced Montero-Campillo, Otilia Mó, Manuel Yáñez
Owing to its versatility in synthetic chemistry, TPB (tris[2-diisopropylphospino)phenyl]borane) is a very important frustrated Lewis Pair. The unusual stability of the neutral radical (TPB)Cu has been related to the presence of a one-electron B-Cu bond. Herein we show, through the use of different computational chemistry methods, that the existence and nature of this kind of A⋅⋅⋅M bond (A=donor atom, M=transition metal) depends on the surrounding chemical structure, and can be genuine one-electron sigma bonds only if appropriate metal ligands (Y), able to trap the charge in the desired region, are chosen...
May 10, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486565/new-evaluation-index-for-the-retainability-of-a-swimmer-s-horizontal-posture
#13
Yasunori Watanabe, Kohji Wakayoshi, Teruo Nomura
This study aims to investigate the effect of changes in buoyancy when a swimmer respires in a horizontal posture. We attempted to evaluate the levelness of swimmers' streamline posture by simultaneously measuring the lung capacity and buoyancy under water. The buoyancy was measured based on the changes in the vertical loads of the upper and lower limbs on the subjects' streamline posture under water. The horizontal x-axis as lung ventilation and the vertical y-axis as buoyancy forms a linear equation y = ax + b...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485791/the-protective-effects-of-taurine-on-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis
#14
Y-F Lu, Q-Y Zhang, L-H Wang, X-Y Liu, S-X Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of taurine on experimental autoimmune myocarditis and its mechanisms. BALB/c mice were immunized with porcine cardiac myosin to induce experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered taurine (5 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg) or vehicle to EAM mice daily. On day 21, the severity of myocarditis was evaluated by determination of heart weight/body weight ratio (Hw/Bw), histopathological and echocardiographic examination of heart tissue...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482383/-efficacy-of-continuous-blood-purification-in-treatment-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-in-children
#15
Y Zhu, Y Cui, Y C Zhang, H J Miao, F Wang, R X Chen, Q F Rong
Objective: To explore the therapeutic role of bedside continuous blood purification(CBP) in children with severe acute pancreatitis(SAP). Method: The clinical and laboratory data of 11 children with SAP who were admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from June 2013 to May 2016 were analyzed, including using pediatric critical illness score (PCIS) and pediatric risk of score mortality (PRISM)-Ⅲ score to assessing the severity of the disease.For those patients with severe organ dysfunction, CBP treatment was used when conventional therapy was not efficient...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481367/inhibition-of-malic-enzyme-1-disrupts-cellular-metabolism-and-leads-to-vulnerability-in-cancer-cells-in-glucose-restricted-conditions
#16
S Murai, A Ando, S Ebara, M Hirayama, Y Satomi, T Hara
Malic enzyme 1 (ME1) regulates one of the main pathways that provide nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), which is essential for cancer cell growth through maintenance of redox balance and biosynthesis processes in the cytoplasm. In this study, we found that ME1 inhibition disrupted metabolism in cancer cells and inhibited cancer cell growth by inducing senescence or apoptosis. In glucose-restricted culture conditions, cancer cells increased ME1 expression, and tracer experiments with labelled glutamine revealed that the flux of ME1-derived pyruvate to citrate was enhanced...
May 8, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480987/gaba-metabolism-and-its-role-in-gamma-band-oscillatory-activity-during-auditory-processing-an-mrs-and-eeg-study
#17
Christine Wyss, Desmond H Y Tse, Michael Kometer, Jürgen Dammers, Rita Achermann, N Jon Shah, Wolfram Kawohl, Irene Neuner
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate are believed to have inhibitory and exhibitory neuromodulatory effects that regulate the brain's response to sensory perception. Furthermore, frequency-specific synchronization of neuronal excitability within the gamma band (30-80 Hz) is attributable to a homeostatic balance between excitation and inhibition. However, our understanding of the physiological mechanism underlying gamma rhythms is based on animal models. Investigations of the relationship between GABA concentrations, glutamate concentrations, and gamma band activity in humans were mostly restricted to the visual cortex and are conflicting...
May 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480964/survival-benefit-of-liver-resection-for-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-stage-b-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
H Kim, S W Ahn, S K Hong, K C Yoon, H-S Kim, Y R Choi, H W Lee, N-J Yi, K-W Lee, K-S Suh
BACKGROUND: Although transarterial chemoembolization is recommended as the standard treatment for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (BCLC-B HCC), other treatments including liver resection have been used. This study aimed to determine the survival benefit of treatment strategies including resection for BCLC-B HCC compared with non-surgical treatments. METHODS: The nationwide multicentre database of the Korean Liver Cancer Association was reviewed...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480259/cost-effectiveness-and-cost-containment-in-the-era-of-interferon-free-therapies-to-treat-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-1
#19
Benjamin P Linas, Jake R Morgan, Mai T Pho, Jared A Leff, Bruce R Schackman, C Robert Horsburgh, Sabrina A Assoumou, Joshua A Salomon, Milton C Weinstein, Kenneth A Freedberg, Arthur Y Kim
BACKGROUND: Interferon-free regimens to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 are effective but costly. At this time, payers in the United States use strategies to control costs including (1) limiting treatment to those with advanced disease and (2) negotiating price discounts in exchange for exclusivity. METHODS: We used Monte Carlo simulation to investigate budgetary impact and cost effectiveness of these treatment policies and to identify strategies that balance access with cost control...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475559/long-term-survival-after-surgery-compared-with-concurrent-chemoradiation-for-node-negative-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Chi-Fu Jeffrey Yang, Derek Y Chan, Shivani A Shah, Babatunde A Yerokun, Xiaofei F Wang, Thomas A D'Amico, Mark F Berry, David H Harpole
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether surgery with adjuvant chemotherapy offers a survival advantage over concurrent chemoradiation for patients with cT1-2N0M0 small cell lung cancer (SCLC). BACKGROUND: Although surgery with adjuvant chemotherapy is the recommended treatment for patients with cT1-2N0M0 SCLC per international guidelines, there have been no prospective or retrospective studies evaluating the impact of surgery versus optimal medical management for cT1-2N0M0 SCLC...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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