keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Height

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944937/individual-development-and-potential-determinants-of-excess-weight-in-children-and-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Alexandra Papandreou, Matthias Bopp, Julia Braun, Kaspar Staub, David Faeh
OBJECTIVES: Excess body weight is a major public health concern already at a young age. The aim of this study was to track weight status among pupils aged 6-14 years in the City of Zurich, to examine the association between sociodemographic and environmental factors and excess weight at school entry and excess weight gain thereafter. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Data were from the medical examinations routinely performed at public schools in Zurich, the largest city in Switzerland...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944722/is-strength-training-frequency-a-key-factor-to-develop-performance-adaptations-in-young-elite-soccer-players
#2
Carlos Otero-Esquina, Moisés de Hoyo Lora, Óliver Gonzalo-Skok, Sergio Domínguez-Cobo, Hugo Sánchez
The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of a combined strength-training programme (full-back squat, YoYo(TM) leg curl, plyometrics and sled towing exercises) on performance in elite young soccer players and to examine the effects when this training programme was performed one or two days per week. Thirty-six male soccer players (U-17 to U-19) were recruited and assigned to experimental groups (EXP1: 1 s w(-1); EXP2: 2 s w(-1)) or a control group (CON). Performance was assessed through a countermovement jump (CMJ) test (relative peak power [CMJPP] and CMJ height [CMJH]), a 20-m linear sprint test with split-times at 10-m, and a change of direction test (V-cut test) 1 week before starting the training programme and also 1 week after performing such training programme...
September 24, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944643/injury-rates-in-martial-art-athletes-anthropometric-parameters-and-training-volume-but-not-foot-morphology-indexes-are-predictive-risk-factors-for-lower-limb-injuries
#3
Jacopo A Vitale, Tito Bassani, Fabio Galbusera, Alberto Bianchi, Nicolò Martinelli
BACKGROUND: Previous studies attempted to identify possible risk factors for acute and overuse injuries in several sports disciplines such as running, gymnastics or team sports. Given the lack of scientific works focused on risk factors for lower limb injuries in martial arts, the present study was aimed to investigate foot anatomy, anthropometric measures, and other background information as possible risk factors of injury in barefoot athletes practicing judo, karate, kung fu, thai boxe, or aikido...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944615/agreement-between-weight-status-and-perceived-body-size-and-the-association-with-body-size-satisfaction-in-children
#4
Iris Leppers, Henning Tiemeier, Sonja A Swanson, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Pauline W Jansen
OBJECTIVE: Extensive evidence suggests that children and adolescents often inaccurately perceive their body size. However, the extent of this misperception is unclear. This paper describes the agreement between children's actual weight and the perception of body size (self-reported and maternally reported) and the association of actual weight with self-reported body satisfaction. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study of 3,408 children aged 9 to 10 years, we assessed the children's self-perception and ideal perception of their body size with the Children's Body Image Scale...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944361/cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-ultra-low-dose-protocols-for-pre-implant-radiographic-assessment-an-in-vitro-study
#5
Robert Liljeholm, Nils Kadesjö, Daniel Benchimol, Kristina Hellén-Halme, Xie-Qi Shi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ultra-low dose scanning protocols of a newly developed CBCT for pre-implant radiographic assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 32 CBCT scans were exposed at 90 kV using ProMax 3D's standard (GS) and three ultra-low dose scanning protocols: high, mid and low definition (UL-HD, UL-MD and UL-LD) on eight human dry skulls with simulated soft tissue. The mAs values and the voxel size were 96mAs/200 µm, 28mAs/150 µm, 22.4mAs/200 µm and 7...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944359/crestal-sinus-lift-using-an-implant-with-an-internal-l-shaped-channel-1-year-after-loading-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Marco Tallarico, David L Cochran, Erta Xhanari, Claudia Dellavia, Elena Canciani, Eitan Mijiritsky, Silvio Mario Meloni
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of a one-stage crestal sinus elevation procedure using a self-tapping endosseous implant system (iRaise, Maxillent, Herzliya, Israel) developed for sinus augmentation, 1 year after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients needing restoration in the posterior maxilla with a residual alveolar crest of 3 to 8 mm in height and 5 mm in width distal to the canine as measured on CBCT scan were treated using the iRaise sinus lift system...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944086/development-of-spinal-deformities-in-the-tight-skin-mouse
#7
Bing Li, Jill Pg Urban, Jing Yu
Tight-skin (TSK) mice are commonly used as an animal model to study the pathogenesis of Marfan syndrome (MFS), but little is known of their skeletal phenotype and in particular of the development of the spinal deformities, common in MFS. Here we examined growth of the axial skeletons of TSK and wild-type(B6) mice during their period of rapid growth. The whole bodies of mice, 4-12 weeks of age, were scanned after sacrifice, by micro-computed tomography (microCT). We reconstructed three-dimensional models of the spine and ribs, and measured vertebral body heights and rib lengths using the Mac-based image-processing software "OsiriX"...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944063/carbon-nanotubes-induced-fibrogenesis-on-nanostructured-substrates
#8
Kai Wang, Xiaoqing He, Will Linthicum, Ryan Mezan, Liying Wang, Yon Rojanasakul, Qi Wen, Yong Yang
While the rapidly evolving nanotechnology has shown promise in electronics, energy, healthcare and many other fields, there is an increasing concern about the adverse health consequences of engineered nanomaterials. To accurately evaluate the toxicity of nanomaterials, in vitro models incorporated with in vivo microenvironment characteristics are desirable. This study aims to delineate the influence of nanotopography on fibrogenic response of normal human lung fibroblasts to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Science. Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944023/genetic-conservation-and-management-of-the-california-endemic-torrey-pine-pinus-torreyana-parry-implications-of-genetic-rescue-in-a-genetically-depauperate-species
#9
Jill A Hamilton, Raphaël Royauté, Jessica W Wright, Paul Hodgskiss, F Thomas Ledig
Rare species present a challenge under changing environmental conditions as the genetic consequences of rarity may limit species ability to adapt to environmental change. To evaluate the evolutionary potential of a rare species, we assessed variation in traits important to plant fitness using multigenerational common garden experiments. Torrey pine, Pinus torreyana Parry, is one of the rarest pines in the world, restricted to one mainland and one island population. Morphological differentiation between island and mainland populations suggests adaptation to local environments may have contributed to trait variation...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943819/evaluation-of-safety-in-exceeding-maximum-adult-doses-of-commonly-used-second-generation-antiepileptic-drugs-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Mindl M Messinger, Sunita N Misra, Gary D Clark, Shannon M DiCarlo
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric patients often require larger doses of antiepileptic drug (AED) than adults in order to attain therapeutic serum concentrations and/or achieve seizure control. Safety and efficacy data are often extrapolated from adult literature; hence, optimal dosage may only be determined anecdotally or based on expert opinion. With limited pediatric dosing guidelines, milligrams per day that are based on weight may exceed the maximum adult dose. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety of exceeding maximum doses as specified by the US Food and Drug Administration or manufacturers of commonly used AEDs in pediatric patients...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943749/family-structure-and-childhood-anthropometry-in-saint-paul-minnesota-in-1918
#11
Evan Roberts, John Robert Warren
Concern with childhood nutrition prompted numerous surveys of children's growth in the United States after 1870. The Children's Bureau's 1918 "Weighing and Measuring Test" measured two million children to produce the first official American growth norms. Individual data for 14,000 children survives from the Saint Paul, Minnesota survey whose stature closely approximated national norms. As well as anthropometry the survey recorded exact ages, street address and full name. These variables allow linkage to the 1920 census to obtain demographic and socioeconomic information...
2017: History of the Family: An International Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943121/-estimation-of-body-mass-index-based-on-brachial-circumference-in-patients-with-permanent-or-temporary-incapacity
#12
E Mill-Ferreyra, V Cameno-Carrillo, H Saúl-Gordo, M C Camí-Lavado
INTRODUCTION: Many patients are affected by various conditions, which make it impossible to calculate body mass index (BMI) by measuring weight and height. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical tool that allows the approximate calculation of the brachial circumference for diagnosis and follow-up. The formula proposed for both sexes is: brachial circumference (cm)×30/32. Results≥28 must be added 2 points. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, descriptive, observational study performed in a primary care clinic, including 224 men and 248 women...
September 21, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943018/tear-lipid-supplement-prophylaxis-against-dry-eye-in-adverse-environments
#13
Akilesh Gokul, Michael T M Wang, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To compare the prophylactic efficacy of single application of lipid and non-lipid containing tear supplements, prior to exposure of symptomatic dry eye subjects to a simulated adverse environment. METHODS: Thirty subjects with mild-to-moderate dry eye symptoms participated in the prospective, randomised, double-masked, paired-eye trial. A lipomimetic drop (Systane(®) Balance) was applied to one eye (randomised), and a non-lipid containing drop (Systane(®) Ultra) applied simultaneously to the contralateral eye...
September 21, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943017/comparison-of-subjective-grading-of-lid-wiper-epitheliopathy-with-a-semi-objective-method
#14
Carolina M E Kunnen, James S Wolffsohn, Eric R Ritchey
PURPOSE: To validate a semi-objective method of grading lid wiper epitheliopathy (LWE) compared to subjective assessment. METHODS: Twenty upper and 20 lower eyelid margins of patients with LWE were photographed after instillation of fluorescein and lissamine green. The images were graded by two observers using a 0-3 grading scale for height (%) and width (mm) of the lid staining. The images were also processed using custom designed software in MATLAB. After manual delineation of the staining area, width and perpendicular height were automatically measured throughout the selected area...
September 21, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942709/childhood-thyroid-function-reference-ranges-and-determinants-a-literature-overview-and-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Ibrahim Onsesveren, Mirjana Barjaktarovic, Layal Chaker, Yolanda B de Rijke, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Hanneke M van Santen, Theo J Visser, Robin Peeters, Tim Korevaar
BACKGROUND: Reported cut-offs for childhood TSH and FT4 reference ranges vary widely and the knowledge on the determinants of childhood thyroid function is sparse. We aimed to summarize the existing studies on thyroid function reference ranges in children. Furthermore, our objective was to investigate the determinants of childhood TSH and FT4 concentration in a population based-prospective cohort. METHODS: First, to identify studies on childhood thyroid reference ranges, we systematically searched The National Library of Medicine's PubMed, Embase, Ovid Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases...
September 23, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942400/extreme-bony-pelvic-deformity-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#16
Alexander Henry Moffat, Priyesh Chauhan, Surabhi Choudhary, Tarekegn Geberhiwot
A 35-year-old female renal transplant recipient was referred to the metabolic bone clinic because of a 15 cm loss of height. She was noted to have thoracic kyphosis and vertebral X-ray confirmed a wedge fracture of the eighth thoracic vertebra. She was managed accordingly but on subsequent follow-up mentioned in passing that her gynaecologist had been unable to obtain a cervical smear for routine screening. This led to further questioning, and the patient reported intermittent urinary stress incontinence, feelings of vaginal fullness and severe dyspareunia...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942225/arthroscopic-deepening-trochleoplasty-for-chronic-anterior-knee-pain-after-previous-failed-conservative-and-arthroscopic-treatment-report-of-two-cases
#17
Lars Blønd
PURPOSE: A proportion of patients having years of chronic anterior knee pain(AKP) that have not responded to non-operative modalities. Trochlear dysplasia have been found to be a cause for AKP. By restoring the anatomy with a trochleoplasty procedure the patellofemoral joint is unloaded. This study is a prospective 2year follow-up study, based on two cases with chronic AKP for several years and having severe trochlear dysplasia and both were successfully treated by arthroscopic deepening trochleoplasty...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942142/transplantation-of-dedifferentiation-fat-cells-promotes-intervertebral-disc-regeneration-in-a-rat-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-model
#18
Enshi Nakayama, Taro Matsumoto, Tomohiko Kazama, Koichiro Kano, Yasuaki Tokuhashi
Our group has reported that mature adipocyte-derived dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells show multilineage differentiation potential similar to that observed in mesenchymal stem cells. In the present study, we examined whether DFAT cell transplantation could contribute to intervertebral disc regeneration using a rat intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) model. The IDD was created in Sprague-Dawley rats by puncturing at level of caudal intervertebral disc under fluoroscopy. One week after injury, rat DFAT cells (5 × 10(4), DFAT group, n = 13) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, control group, n = 13) were injected into the intervertebral disc...
September 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942111/open-source-software-euroformix-can-be-used-to-analyse-complex-snp-mixtures
#19
Øyvind Bleka, Mayra Eduardoff, Carla Santos, Chris Phillips, Walther Parson, Peter Gill
A series of two- and three-person mixtures of varying dilutions were prepared and analysed with Life Technologies' HID-Ion AmpliSeq™ Identity Panel v2.2 using the Ion PGM™ massively parallel sequencing (MPS) system. From this panel we used 134 autosomal SNPs. Using the reference samples of three donors, we evaluated the strength of evidence with likelihood ratio (LR) calculations using the open-source quantitative EuroForMix program and compared the results with a previous study using a qualitative software (LRmix)...
August 18, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941834/ethnic-differences-in-visceral-adiposity-measured-in-early-pregnancy
#20
Kajenny Srivaratharajah, Beth L Abramson, Jennifer Jairam, Alison L Park, Howard Berger, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To determine if visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) depth in early pregnancy differs by maternal ethnicity. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 482 women without pre-pregnancy diabetes. All underwent sonographic measurement of VAT and SAT depth at 11 to 14 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: SAT did not differ between groups, but VAT did. Compared with Canadian-born women (3.9 cm, 95% CI 3.7-4.1), mean VAT depth was higher among Latin American (4...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
keyword
keyword
87474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"