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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346793/epicardial-fat-thickness-in-non-obese-neurologically-impaired-children-association-with-unfavorable-cardiometabolic-risk-profile
#1
Valeria Calcaterra, Hellas Cena, Pietro Mariano Casali, Gianluca Iacobellis, Riccardo Albertini, Mara De Amici, Annalisa de Silvestri, Calogero Comparato, Gloria Pelizzo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk is reported in disabled children and epicardial fat (EF) is considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). No data on the EF thickness (EFT) evaluation in disabled children have been published. OBJECTIVE: We investigated EFT in neurologically impaired (NI) children; its relationship with their metabolic profile was also considered. METHODS: Clinical data, body composition estimation, biochemical profile, and ultrasound-measured EFT were performed in 32 disabled patients (12...
January 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346452/body-shape-indices-are-predictors-for-estimating-fat-free-mass-in-male-athletes
#2
Yohei Takai, Miyuki Nakatani, Toru Aoki, Daisuke Komori, Kazuyuki Oyamada, Kensuke Murata, Eiji Fujita, Takuya Akamine, Yoshihisa Urita, Masayoshi Yamamoto, Hiroaki Kanehisa
It is unknown whether body size and body shape parameters can be predictors for estimating whole body fat-free mass (FFM) in male athletes. This study aimed to investigate whether body size and shape variables can be predictors for FFM in male athletes. Using a whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanner, whole body fat mass (FM) and FFM were determined in 132 male athletes and 14 sedentary males. The sample was divided into two groups: validation (N = 98) and cross-validation (N = 48) groups. Body height (BH), body mass (BM), and waist circumference at immediately above the iliac crest (W) were measured...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346312/sidewalk-landscape-structure-and-thermal-conditions-for-child-and-adult-pedestrians
#3
Young-Jae Kim, Chanam Lee, Jun-Hyun Kim
Walking is being promoted for health and transportation purposes across all climatic regions in the US and beyond. Despite this, an uncomfortable microclimate condition along sidewalks is one of the major deterrents of walking, and more empirical research is needed to determine the risks of heat exposure to pedestrians while walking. This study examined the effect of street trees and grass along sidewalks on air temperatures. A series of thermal images were taken at the average heights of adults and children in the US to objectively measure the air temperatures of 10 sidewalk segments in College Station, TX, USA...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346241/chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-early-and-late-morphological-and-functional-changes-after-verteporfin-photodynamic-therapy
#4
Pierluigi Iacono, Massimiliano Tedeschi, Barbara Boccassini, Adele Chiaravalloti, Monica Varano, Mariacristina Parravano
PURPOSE: To describe early and late morphological and functional changes in subjects receiving photodynamic therapy (PDT) for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. METHODS: Patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy were prospectively enrolled and received standard PDT. At the baseline examination, each subject underwent complete ophthalmological examination, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) assessment, fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and microperimetry...
January 16, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346237/pediatric-pelvic-fractures-and-differences-compared-with-the-adult-population
#5
Carolina de la Calva, Nadia Jover, Jaime Alonso, Marta Salom
INTRODUCTION: Although pelvic fractures in children are rare, because of anatomical differences between an adult's skeleton and a child's skeleton, these lesions in the pediatric population have specific characteristics that need to be borne in mind when dealing with them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on the pelvic fractures in skeletally immature patients treated in our hospital in the last 20 years. RESULTS: Eighty-one pelvic fractures in children were treated between 1993 and 2013...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346167/new-reference-values-for-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-children
#6
Joel Blanchard, Samuel Blais, Philippe Chetaille, Michele Bisson, François P Counil, Thelma H Girard, Jade Berbari, Pierre Boulay, Frederic Dallaire
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an essential tool to assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in children. There is a paucity of adequate pediatric reference values that are independent of body size and pubertal stage. The purpose of this study is to provide Z score equations for several maximal and sub-maximal CRF parameters derived from a prospectively recruited sample of healthy children. METHODS: In this cross-sectional multicenter study, we prospectively recruited 228 healthy children aged 12 to 17 years old in local schools...
January 17, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345718/evaluation-of-the-morphological-characteristic-and-sex-differences-of-sternum-by-multi-detector-computed-tomography
#7
Sibel Ateşoğlu, Mustafa Deniz, Ayşe İmge Uslu
BACKGROUND: Sternum is one of the skeleton parts which have frequently congenital anomalies and variations are commonly used by researchers in determining sex. We evaluated the morphological characteristics and sex-related changes of the sternum in adult individuals using multidetector CT in our study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 adults (103 female and 97 male) aged between 18-87 years were evaluated. Utilizing the morphological characteristics of the sternum based on the multi-slice images; length, width and the thickness of Manubrium, length, width and the thickness of Corpus Sterni, total length of Sternum, Sternal angle, Sternal index, length of the xiphoid process, the thickness of xiphoid process, the number of indents of xiphoid process were measured and a total of 20 parameters were evaluated by adding age, height and weight to these variables...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345472/current-driven-motion-of-domain-boundaries-between-skyrmion-lattice-and-helical-magnetic-structure
#8
Kiyou Shibata, Toshiaki Tanigaki, Tetsuya Akashi, Hiroyuki Shinada, Ken Harada, Kodai Niitsu, Daisuke Shindo, Naoya Kanazawa, Yoshinori Tokura, Taka-Hisa Arima
To utilize magnetic skyrmions, nano-scale vortex-like magnetic structure, experimental elucidation of their dynamics against current application in various circumstances such as in confined structure and mixture of different magnetic phases is indispensable. Here, we investigate the current-induced dynamics of the coexistence state of magnetic skyrmions and helical magnetic structure in a thin plate of B20-type helimagnet FeGe in terms of in-situ realspace observation using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
January 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345443/suv-calculation-in-breast-cancer-which-normalization-should-be-applied-when-using-18f-fdg-pet
#9
Olivier Humbert, Jean-Marc Riedinger, David Chardin, Isabelle Desmoulins, François Brunotte, Alexandre Cochet
BACKGROUND: When using 18F-FDG PET, glucose metabolism quantification is affected by various factors. We aimed to investigate the benefit of different SUV normalizations to improve the accuracy of 18F-FDG uptake to predict breast cancer aggressiveness and response to treatment. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-two women with locally advanced breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) were included. Women underwent 18F-FDG PET before and after the first course of NAC...
January 17, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345213/matcha-green-tea-drinks-enhance-fat-oxidation-during-brisk-walking-in-females
#10
Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems, Mehmet Akif Şahin, Matthew David Cook
Intake of the catechin epigallocatechin gallate and caffeine has been shown to enhance exercise-induced fat oxidation. Matcha green tea powder contains catechins and caffeine and is consumed as a drink. We examined the effect of Matcha green tea drinks on metabolic, physiological and perceived intensity responses during brisk walking. Thirteen females (age: 27±8 yr, body mass: 65±7 kg, height: 166±6 cm) volunteered. Resting metabolic equivalent (1-MET) was measured using Douglas bags (1-MET: 3.4±0.3 ml·kg-1·min-1)...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345173/effects-of-3-day-serial-sodium-bicarbonate-loading-on-performance-and-physiological-parameters-during-a-simulated-basketball-test-in-female-university-players
#11
Anne Delextrat, Sinead MacKessy, Luis Arceo-Rendon, Aaron Scanlan, Roger Ramsbottom, Julio Calleja-González
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 3-day serial sodium bicarbonate ingestion on repeated sprint and jump performance. Fifteen female university basketball players (23.3±3.4 years; 173.1±5.8 cm; 65.8±6.3 kg; 23.6±4.9% body fat) ingested 0.4 g·kg-1 of body mass of sodium bicarbonate or placebo for 3 days (split in 3 equal daily doses), before completing a simulated basketball exercise. Sprint and circuit times, jump heights, performance decrements and gastrointestinal (GI) side effects were recorded during the test and blood lactate concentration was measured pre- and post-test...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345105/modulates-brassinosteroids-mediated-growth-regulation-and-influences-architecture-and-grain-shape
#12
Yan-Jie Zhang, Yu Zhang, Liang-Li Zhang, Hui-Ya Huang, Bao-Jun Yang, Sheng Luan, Hong-Wei Xue, Wen-Hui Lin
Rice (Oryza sativa) is the most important crop and feeds more than half of the world population. The architecture of rice, including height, leaf inclination, and tiller number, is important for rice planting and yield. Plant hormone, brassinosteroids (BR), plays crucial roles in modulating plant architecture and seed yield. But BR cannot be applied in agriculture production directly because BR regulated multiple processes and could not be transcriptional regulated in different tissues. This article is protected by copyright...
January 18, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345098/influence-of-maternal-obesity-on-fetal-growth-at-different-periods-of-pregnancies-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#13
Kei Tanaka, Miho Matsushima, Tomoko Izawa, Seishi Furukawa, Yoichi Kobayashi, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
AIM: We aimed to examine the influence of maternal obesity on fetal growth in utero at different periods of pregnancies with normal glucose tolerance. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study on 356 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance was conducted. The women were categorized by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as obese (OB; BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 ) or non-obese (n-OB). Z-scores of the fetal abdominal circumference (AC) and the rate of fetal macrosomia (AC ≥ 90th percentile) at 19, 30, and 36 gestational weeks (GW) were compared between the two groups...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345071/detecting-selection-signatures-on-the-x-chromosome-of-the-chinese-debao-pony
#14
X-X Liu, J-F Pan, Q-J Zhao, X-H He, Y-B Pu, J-L Han, Y-H Ma, L Jiang
The X chromosome shows a special interaction between demographic factors and genetic variation, and the analysis of X-linked genomic variation can therefore provide insights into the unique effects of demography and selection on the horse genome that cannot be readily detected by autosomal markers. Debao (DB) ponies have experienced intense selective pressure for the development of their small stature (<106 cm at adult height). To identify selective sweeps on the X chromosome of the DB pony, we performed a genome-wide scan of three Chinese horse breeds using an Equine SNP70 BeadChip...
February 2018: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344797/annular-dynamics-of-memo3d-annuloplasty-ring-evaluated-by-3d-transesophageal-echocardiography
#15
Hiroyuki Nishi, Koichi Toda, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Daisuke Yoshioka, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: We assessed the mitral annular motion after mitral valve repair with the Sorin Memo 3D® (Sorin Group Italia S.r.L., Saluggia, Italy), which is a unique complete semirigid annuloplasty ring intended to restore the systolic profile of the mitral annulus while adapting to the physiologic dynamism of the annulus, using transesophageal real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. METHODS: 17 patients (12 male; mean age 60.4 ± 14.9 years) who underwent mitral annuloplasty using the Memo 3D ring were investigated...
January 17, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344741/assessment-of-potential-risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-a-population-in-southern-brazil
#16
Juliana Zeni Breyer, Eliana Marcia Wendland, Natália Luiza Kops, Maira Caleffi, Luciano Serpa Hammes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess potential risk factors for breast cancer in a population in Southern Brazil and build a multivariate logistic model using these factors for breast cancer risk prediction. METHODS: A total of 4242 women between 40 and 69 years of age without a history of breast cancer were selected at primary healthcare facilities in Porto Alegre and submitted to mammographic screening. They were evaluated for potential risk factors. RESULTS: In all, 73 participants among the 4242 women had a breast cancer diagnosis during the follow-up of the project (10 years)...
January 17, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344733/linking-intraspecific-trait-variability-and-spatial-patterns-of-subtropical-trees
#17
En-Rong Yan, Liu-Li Zhou, Han Y H Chen, Xi-Hua Wang, Xiang-Yu Liu
The importance of intraspecific trait variability (ITV) to the spatial distribution of individual species is unclear. We hypothesized that intraspecific trait dispersions underlying niche processes deviate more from null model expectations, by reducing their spread (range and variance), kurtosis, and standard deviation of near-neighbor distance, for species with aggregated than those with random distributions. The link between species' spatial distributions and ITV patterns was examined using an individual tree-based trait data set, in which specific leaf area, mean leaf area, leaf dry matter content, and diameter at breast height were measured for 18,773 stems of 45 species in a 4...
January 17, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344540/standing-height-as-a-prevention-measure-for-overuse-injuries-of-the-back-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-kinematic-and-kinetic-study-of-giant-slalom
#18
Jörg Spörri, Josef Kröll, Benedikt Fasel, Kamiar Aminian, Erich Müller
Background: In alpine ski racing, typical loading patterns of the back include a combined occurrence of spinal bending, torsion, and high peak loads. These factors are known to be associated with high spinal disc loading and have been suggested to be attributable to different types of spine deterioration. However, little is known about the effect of standing height (ie, the distance between the bottom of the running surface of the ski and the ski boot sole) on the aforementioned back loading patterns...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344172/potential-factors-influencing-the-development-of-oral-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-young-mature-patients-lingual-position-of-the-mandibular-second-molar-and-narrow-tongue-space
#19
Yusoon Kim, Kohei Okuyama, Yasuyuki Michi, Yoshio Ohyama, Narikazu Uzawa, Satoshi Yamaguchi
The lingual position of the mandibular second molar and narrow tongue space are associated with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) development in young mature patients. The present study aimed to assess the role of the mandibular second molar position and tongue space in young mature patients with OTSCC. The medical records of 21 patients with OTSCC aged <50 years, who had an intact mandibular second molar and had undergone computed tomography (CT) imaging between April 2009 and December 2015 at the Section of Maxillofacial Surgery in Tokyo Medical and Dental University, were retrospectively examined...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343941/clinical-features-of-hypophosphatemic-osteomalacia-induced-by-long-term-low-dose-adefovir-dipivoxil
#20
Sheng Zhu, Yu-Hui Yang, Rong-Wei Gao, Ran Li, Yu-Zhen Zou, Lei Feng, Bo Zhang
Objective: To investigate the predictors of hypophosphatemic osteomalacia induced by adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) and to monitor for early detection. Patients and methods: Hospitalized patients who were diagnosed with ADV-related hypo-phosphatemic osteomalacia were recruited and retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016. A telephone interview was conducted at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months after cessation of ADV. Results: In the 8 patients enrolled in the study, the hypophosphatemic osteomalacia symptoms developed at an average of 5...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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