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High cut off membrane

Cigdem Soydal, Yuksel Urun, Evren Suer, Demet Nak, Elgin Ozkan, Ozlem N Kucuk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate predictive factors of 68Gallium (68Ga) Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Computed Tomography (CT) positivity. METHODS: Relationships between serum Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels, Gleason Score (GS) and positivity of 68Ga PSMA PET in patients who underwent 68Ga PSMA PET/CT for restaging for PCa were evaluated retrospectively...
May 10, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Dongyu Gu, Rodrigo Lazo-Portugal, Chen Fang, Zhantong Wang, Ying Ma, Martha Knight, Yoichiro Ito
Centrifugal precipitation chromatography (CpC) is a powerful chromatographic technique invented in the year 2000 but so far very little applied. The method combines dialysis, counter-current and salting out processes. The separation rotor consists of two identical spiral channels separated by a dialysis membrane (6-8 K MW cut-off) in which the upper channel is eluted with an ammonium sulfate gradient and the lower channel with water, and the mixtures are separated according to their solubility in ammonium sulfate as a chromatographic technique...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Sven R Quist, Claudia Kirbs, Charlotte Kloft, Harald P Gollnick
Cytokines and chemokines play important roles in cell signalling, and microdialysis is a promising tool for monitoring these inflammation markers ex vivo. Therefore, the collecting of these mediators at the highest concentrations possible is crucial. Depending on the size of the mediator of interest, the collection of these high molecular mass molecules has thus far been difficult due to their low recovery, even when using high cut-off (100 kDa) microdialysis membranes. This study aimed to optimize the recovery of various cytokines and chemokines by validating the use of different perfusates in cutaneous microdialysis, and comparing intravenous (i...
April 27, 2018: Materials
Yuri Choi, Yeo-Jin Won, Sojeong Lee, Ahrong Kim, Younggeum Kim, Won-Young Park, Hong-Jae Jo, Geun Am Song, Chae Hwa Kwon, Do Youn Park
NTRK1 gene fusions, the targets of multikinase inhibitors, are promising therapeutic targets for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, screening methods for detecting NTRK1 gene fusions in CRC tissues have not been reported. In this study, we investigated the potential use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) for detecting NTRK1 gene fusions. We performed and compared IHC with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 80 CRC patients. TrkA immunostaining was observed to be both membranous and cytoplasmic and was scored semiquantitatively using staining intensity and proportions...
April 21, 2018: Translational Oncology
Fan Fei, Levente Cseri, Gyorgy Szekely, Christopher Francis Blanford
Robust, readily scalable, high-flux graphene oxide (GO) mixed matrix composite membranes were developed for organic solvent nanofiltration. Hydroxylated polybenzimidazole was synthesized by N-benzylation of polybenzimidazole with 4-(chloromethyl)benzyl alcohol, which was confirmed by FTIR and NMR spectroscopy. Flat sheet composite membranes comprising of polybenzimidazoles and 1 or 2 wt% GO were fabricated via conventional blade coating and phase inversion. Subsequently, GO was covalently anchored to the hydroxyl groups of the polymer using a diisocyanate crosslinking agent...
April 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
R Krishnasamy, C M Hawley, M J Jardine, M A Roberts, Y J Cho, M G Wong, A Heath, C L Nelson, S Sen, P F Mount, E M Pascoe, D Darssan, L A Vergara, P A Paul-Brent, N D Toussaint, D W Johnson, C A Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Removal of uraemic toxins is inadequate using current dialysis strategies. A new class of dialysis membranes have been developed that allow clearance of larger middle molecules. The REMOVAL-HD study (a tRial Evaluating Mid cut-Off Value membrane clearance of Albumin and Light chains in HaemoDialysis patients) will address safety, efficacy and the impact on patient-centred outcomes with the use of a mid cut-off (MCO) dialyser in a chronic haemodialysis (HD) population. METHODS: REMOVAL-HD is an open label, prospective, non-randomised, single-arm, multi-centre device study in 85 chronic HD participants...
April 17, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Sonia R Lakhotia, Mausumi Mukhopadhyay, Premlata Kumari
In this paper, a new approach to synthesize thin-film nanocomposite membranes using cerium oxide (CeO2 ) nanoparticles (NPs) by pre-seeding interfacial polymerization method was reported. Prepared membranes were examined using contact angle, molecular weight cut-off (MWCO), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning probe microscopy (SPM) to observe its hydrophilicity, pore size, morphology, surface chemistry, and roughness, respectively. Surface charges of the prepared membranes were also qualitatively calculated with the help of contact angle measurements by using the Grahame equation...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Odile Francesca Restaino, Maria Giovanna Borzacchiello, Ilaria Scognamiglio, Luigi Fedele, Alberto Alfano, Elena Porzio, Giuseppe Manco, Mario De Rosa, Chiara Schiraldi
BACKGROUND: Thermostable phosphotriesterase-like lactonases (PLLs) are able to degrade organophosphates and could be potentially employed as bioremediation tools and bioscavengers. But nowadays their manufacturing in high yields is still an issue that limits their industrial applications. In this work we aimed to set up a high yield production and purification biotechnological process of two recombinant PLLs expressed in E. coli, the wild type SacPox from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and a triple mutated SsoPox C258L/I261F/W263A, originally from Sulfolobus solfataricus...
March 20, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
Inga Markeviciute, Wolfgang Frenzel
Sample preparation is a key issue in the analysis of many real samples using ion chromatography (IC). One of the many means of sample preparation that has received considerable attention in recent years is the stopped-flow in-line dialysis approach hyphenated to IC. Using appropriate dialysis membranes undesirable high-molecular weight compounds, colloids and dispersed particulate matter are retained whereas the analyte ions pass through the membrane and are separated and quantified by IC. However, in the many papers about analytical use of in-line dialysis (not only in connection with IC) the retention of undesirable compounds has never been quantified...
August 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Hitomi Mukaibo, Tonghui Wang, Victor H Perez-Gonzalez, Jirachai Getpreecharsawas, Jack Wurzer, Blanca H Lapizco-Encinas, James L McGrath
Insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) is a simple, scalable mechanism that can be used for directly manipulating particle trajectories in pore-based filtration and separation processes. However, iDEP manipulation of nanoparticles presents unique challenges as the dielectrophoretic force [Formula: see text] exerted on the nanoparticles can easily be overshadowed by opposing kinetic forces. In this study, a molecularly thin, SiN-based nanoporous membrane (NPN) is explored as a breakthrough technology that enhances [Formula: see text] By numerically assessing the gradient of the electric field square [Formula: see text]-a common measure for [Formula: see text] magnitude-it was found that the unique geometrical features of NPN (pore tapering, sharp pore corner and ultrathin thickness) act in favor of intensifying the overall [Formula: see text] A comparative study indicated that [Formula: see text] generated in NPN are four orders of magnitude larger than track-etched polycarbonate membranes with comparable pore size...
June 8, 2018: Nanotechnology
Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Martine Bocchini, Sara Ravaioli, Monica Celli, Emanuela Scarpi, Ugo De Giorgi, Maria Maddalena Tumedei, Giandomenico Raulli, Loredana Cardinale, Giovanni Paganelli
Prostate cancer (PCa) patients are risk-stratified on the basis of clinical stage and PSA level at diagnosis and the Gleason Score (GS) in prostate biopsy. However, these parameters are not completely accurate in discriminating between high- and low-risk disease, creating a need for a reliable marker to determine aggressiveness. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) appears to fulfill this need. We analyzed 79 prostate biopsies and 28 prostatectomies to assess whether PSMA expression detected by immunohistochemistry is related to GS...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Davide Pierleoni, Matteo Minelli, Simone Ligi, Meganne Christian, Sebastian Funke, Niklas Reineking, Vittorio Morandi, Ferruccio Doghieri, Vincenzo Palermo
The performance of polymer-based membranes for gas separation is currently limited by the Robeson limit, stating that it is impossible to have high gas permeability and high gas selectivity at the same time. We describe the production of membranes based on the ability of graphene oxide (GO) and poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) multilayers to overcome such a limit. The PEI chains act as molecular spacers in between the GO sheets, yielding a highly reproducible, periodic multilayered structure with a constant spacing of 3...
April 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hatice Kansu-Celik, Yasemin Tasci, Burcu Kisa Karakaya, Mehmet Cinar, Tuba Candar, Gamze Sinem Caglar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of maternal serum advanced glycation end products (AGEs) level at 11-13 weeks' gestation for the prediction of preterm labor and or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study is performed in a university-affiliated hospital between February and April 2016. The participants of this study are low-risk pregnant women. Blood samples for maternal AGEs level were collected in the first trimester of pregnancy and all women completed their antenatal follow-up and delivered in our center...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Manisha Rewatkar, Shuchi Jain, Manish Jain, Kanchan Mohod
Prelabour rupture of the membranes (PLROM) is defined as rupture of membranes before the onset of labour. It is one of the most common clinical events, where pregnancy can turn into a high-risk situation for mother and foetus. As prevention of PLROM is difficult, one has to concentrate on management to reduce its complications. Accurate prediction of infection remains a main challenge in cases of PLROM. We conducted a prospective study of all women admitted for PLROM at or after 34-41 weeks of gestation to investigate the predictive value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count for early-onset neonatal infection (EONI) and maternal chorioamnionitis...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Kevin Willy, Matthias Girndt, Jakob Voelkl, Roman Fiedler, Peter Martus, Markus Storr, Ralf Schindler, Daniel Zickler
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification is a common phenomenon in patients with chronic kidney disease and strongly associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Vascular calcification is an active process mediated in part by inflammatory processes in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). These could be modified by the insufficient removal of proinflammatory cytokines through conventional high-flux (HF) membranes. Recent trials demonstrated a reduction of inflammation in VSMC by use of dialysis membranes with a higher and steeper cut-off...
2018: Blood Purification
Ekaterina Stepanova, Steven P Gygi, Joao A Paulo
High-throughput proteome profiling requires thorough optimization to achieve comprehensive analysis. We developed a filter aided sample preparation (FASP)-like, detergent-free method, termed Filter-Based Protein Digestion (FPD). We compared FPD to protein extraction methods commonly used in isobaric tag-based proteome profiling, namely trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and chloroform-methanol (C-M) precipitation. We divided a mammalian whole cell lysate from the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line for parallel protein processing with TCA (n = 3), C-M (n = 2), and FPD using either 10 kDa (n = 3) or 30 kDa (n = 3) molecular weight cutoff membranes...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Antonio Santoro
In recent years, the population of chronic dialysis has grown in number but also in age and frequency of co-morbidies such as cardiac diseases, vascular pathologies, diabetes, etc. The majority of patients on chronic hemodialysis are over 70 years and, given the high number of comorbidities, they often exhibit poor tolerance to dialysis treatments. A non-tolerated dialytic treatment can have side-effects that would require an intensification of the dialysis sessions and many hospitalizations. Consequently, the problematic dialysis treatments, as well as harmful for the patient, become economically more detrimental than other treatments apparently more expensive but more tolerated ones In the current days we have, thanks to the huge developments in dialysis technology, powerful weapons to ensure effective and scarcely symptomatic dialysis treatments to the majority of the HD patients...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Manuela A Hoffmann, Matthias Miederer, Helmut J Wieler, Christian Ruf, Frank M Jakobs, Mathias Schreckenberger
Background: Radiolabeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has proven to be a highly accurate method to detect recurrence and metastases of prostate cancer, but only sparse data is available about its performance in the diagnosis of clinically significant primary prostate cancer. Methods: We compared 68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT in 25 patients with 18 FEC PET/CT in 40 patients with suspected prostate carcinoma based on an increased PSA level.The PET/CT results were compared with the histopathologic Gleason Score (GS) of biopsies...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Luna Djirackor, Dilem Shakir, Helen Kalirai, Goran Petrovski, Sarah E Coupland
PURPOSE: Nestin, a member of the intermediate filament protein family, has been described as a putative cancer stem cell marker (CSC) in uveal melanoma and poor prognostic factor in a variety of tumours, including cutaneous melanoma. In this study, we examined the expression of nestin in primary (PUM) and metastatic uveal melanoma (MUM) samples, and correlated the findings with histological, clinical and survival data. METHODS: Nestin expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 141 PUM and 26 MUM samples; 11 PUM cases were matched with their corresponding metastases...
January 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Eva Schepers, Griet Glorieux, Sunny Eloot, Michael Hulko, Adriana Boschetti-de-Fierro, Werner Beck, Bernd Krause, Wim Van Biesen
BACKGROUND: Membranes with increasing pore size are introduced to enhance removal of large uremic toxins with regular hemodialysis. These membranes might theoretically have higher permeability for bacterial degradation products. In this paper, permeability for bacterial degradation products of membranes of comparable composition with different pore size was investigated with a new in vitro set-up that represents clinical flow and pressure conditions. METHODS: Dialysis was simulated with an AK200 machine using a low-flux, high-flux, medium cut-off (MCO) or high cut-off (HCO) device (n = 6/type)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Nephrology
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