keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pregnancy, lactation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040815/the-role-of-folic-acid-and-selenium-against-oxidative-ethanol-damage-in-early-life-programming-a-review
#1
Mª Luisa Ojeda Murillo, Fatima Nogales Bueno, Mª Luisa Murillo Taravillo, Olimpia Carreras Sánchez
Several disorders in children, called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), occur as result of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and lactation. They appear, at least in part, to be related to the oxidative stress that this drug generates. Ethanol metabolism generates reactive oxygen species and causes a depletion of the antioxidant molecule glutathione (GSH) leading to oxidative stress and lipid and protein damage which are related to growth retardation and neurotoxicity, increasing the incidence of FASD...
October 17, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034747/long-term-supplementation-of-rhodiola-kirilowii-extracts-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-does-not-affect-mother-health-status
#2
Sławomir Lewicki, Ewa Skopińska-Różewska, Aneta Lewicka, Robert Zdanowski
Antibiotics treatment during pregnancy and lactation is problematic. The alternative to the antibiotic treatment is the use of plant-derived supplements, which stimulate immune system to prevent and eliminate bacterial infection. Here we evaluated the effect of long-term use of Rhodiola kirilowii on the health of mouse mothers. Pregnant mice were fed daily, for whole pregnancy and for 28 days after giving birth, with Rhodiola kirilowii water (RKW) or hydroalcoholic extract (RKW-A) (at 20 mg of extracts/kg)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032721/estimation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-pregnancy-diagnosis-using-transrectal-ultrasonography-and-elisa-for-pregnancy-associated-glycoprotein-in-dairy-cows-using-a-bayesian-latent-class-model
#3
R W Shephard, J M Morton
AIMS: To determine the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of pregnancy diagnosis using transrectal ultrasonography and an ELISA for pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) in milk in lactating dairy cows in seasonally calving herds approximately 85-100 days after the start of the herd's breeding period. METHODS: Paired results from pregnancy diagnosis using transrectal ultrasonography and ELISA for PAG in milk carried out approximately 85 and 100 days after the start of the breeding period, respectively, were used from 879 cows from four herds in Victoria, Australia...
October 15, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031393/cytokine-distribution-in-mothers-and-breastfed-children-after-omega-3-lcpufas-supplementation-during-the-last-trimester-of-pregnancy-and-the-lactation-period-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Y Rodriguez-Santana, J J Ochoa, F Lara-Villoslada, N Kajarabille, P Saavedra-Santana, J A Hurtado, M Peña, J Diaz-Castro, I Sebastian-Garcia, E Machin-Martin, M Villanueva, O Ramirez-Garcia, L Peña-Quintana
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal diet supplementation with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LC-PUFAs) during the last trimester of pregnancy and the breastfeeding period influences the levels of inflammatory cytokines in mother and infants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This registered, double-blind randomized study included 46 pregnant women, who were randomly allocated to either an experimental group receiving 400mL/day of a fish oil-enriched dairy drink [320mg docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) + 72mg eicoapentaenoic acid] (FO group, n = 24) or to a control group receiving 400mL/day of a non-supplemented dairy drink (CT group, n = 22), from week 28 of pregnancy until the fourth month of lactation...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026496/the-effects-of-gestational-and-lactational-exposure-to-nonylphenol-on-c-jun-and-c-fos-expression-and-learning-and-memory-in-hippocampus-of-male-f1-rat
#5
Yu Jie, Wang Pan, Yan Wenxia, Gao Feng, He Liting, Li Wenmei, Xu Jie
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of Nonylphenol (NP) in pups from dams exposed during gestational and lactational periods on immediate early genes (c-jun, c-fos) in hippocampus and the learning and memory of F1 rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight pregnant dams, stratified by pregnancy date, were randomly assigned into 4 groups, which were gavaged with NP at the doses of 50 mg/kg/day, 100 mg/kg/day, 200 mg/kg/day and groundnut oil, respectively. Step-down avoidance test, and learning and memory effects of NP were evaluated on 8-weeks-old pups...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025027/maternal-melatonin-or-agomelatine-therapy-prevents-programmed-hypertension-in-male-offspring-of-mother-exposed-to-continuous-light
#6
You-Lin Tain, Yu-Ju Lin, Julie Y H Chan, Chien-Te Lee, Chien-Ning Hsu
Hypertension can originate from early-life insults, whereas maternal melatonin therapy can be protective in a variety of models of programmed hypertension. We hypothesize that melatonin or melatonin receptor agonist agomelatine can prevent programmed hypertension in adult offspring induced by maternal exposure to continuous light. Female Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats randomly divided into four groups: controls, rats exposed to continuous light, exposed to continuous light plus treated with agomelatine (50mg/day i...
September 9, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024972/effect-of-metabolic-status-on-conceptus-maternal-interactions-on-day-19-in-dairy-cattle-ii-effects-on-the-endometrial-transcriptome
#7
S Bauersachs, C A Simintiras, R G Sturmey, S Krebs, J Bick, H Blum, E Wolf, P Lonergan, N Forde
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the metabolic stresses associated with lactation alter the ability of the endometrium to respond appropriately to the conceptus by examining endometrial gene expression on Day 19 of pregnancy. Immediately after calving, primiparous Holstein cows with similar production and fertility estimated breeding values (EBVs) were randomly divided into two groups and either dried off (i.e. never milked) immediately or milked twice daily. Approximately 65-75 days postpartum, grade 1 blastocysts recovered from superovulated Holstein heifer donors (n = 5) were transferred (1 per recipient) into lactating (n = 11) and non-lactating (n = 11) recipients...
August 31, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023467/dietary-lactoferrin-supplementation-to-gilts-during-gestation-and-lactation-improves-pig-production-and-immunity
#8
Marefa Jahan, Susie Kracht, Yen Ho, Ziaul Haque, Birendra N Bhattachatyya, Peter C Wynn, Bing Wang
Lactoferrin (LF), a sialylated iron-binding glycoprotein, performs multiple beneficial functions including modulating immunity and improves neurodevelopment, health and growth performance. Maternal LF intervention for gilts (first parity sows) on the performance of gilts and their offspring remains unknown. In the current study gilts were fed with a commercial pig feed supplemented with 1g LF /day (treatment group) or 1g milk casein/day (control group) from day 1 post mating throughout pregnancy and lactation for about 135 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021375/maternal-high-fiber-diet-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-influences-regulatory-t-cell-differentiation-in-offspring-in-mice
#9
Akihito Nakajima, Naoko Kaga, Yumiko Nakanishi, Hiroshi Ohno, Junki Miyamoto, Ikuo Kimura, Shohei Hori, Takashi Sasaki, Keiichi Hiramatsu, Ko Okumura, Sachiko Miyake, Sonoko Habu, Sumio Watanabe
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), the end products of dietary fiber, influence the immune system. Moreover, during pregnancy the maternal microbiome has a great impact on the development of the offspring's immune system. However, the exact mechanisms by which maternal SCFAs during pregnancy and lactation influence the immune system of offspring are not fully understood. We investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying regulatory T cell (Treg) differentiation in offspring regulated by a maternal high fiber diet (HFD)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019422/pharmacotherapy-of-mood-disorders-and-psychosis-in-pre-and-post-natal-women
#10
Beth Smith, Steven L Dubovsky
Untreated mood and psychotic disorders can have substantial adverse impacts on the patient, the fetus and the family, while treatment can ameliorate such problems. To address concerns by clinicians about the risks of psychotropic medications, this review addresses the risk/benefit analysis of somatic therapies for psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Areas covered: All available research was reviewed on the impact on pregnancy and breastfeeding of mood and psychotic disorders, and of antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs, and electroconvulsive therapy...
October 11, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017419/effect-of-normal-pregnancy-followed-by-lactation-on-long-term-maternal-health-in-a-mouse-model
#11
Egle Bytautiene Prewit, Talar Kechichian, Deborah Okunade, Huaizhi Yin, Alison M Stuebe
Although it has been widely accepted that pregnancies with complications are associated with increased maternal cardiovascular risk later in life, there is no consensus if noncomplicated pregnancy followed by lactation plays a protective role or is a risk factor. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of normal pregnancy and lactation on long-term maternal health in a mouse model. CD-1 mice were allocated to breeding (primigravid [PG]) and nonbreeding (nulligravid [NG]) groups. The PG group proceeded through normal pregnancy and delivery...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993860/lanthanum-damages-learning-and-memory-and-suppresses-astrocyte-neuron-lactate-shuttle-in-rat-hippocampus
#12
Cuihong Jin, Liang Gao, Yingqi Li, Shengwen Wu, Xiaobo Lu, Jinghua Yang, Yuan Cai
Rare-earth elements (REEs) are applied in various fields by virtue of their superior physical and chemical properties. Surveys have reported that REEs can impair learning and memory in children and induce neurobehavioral abnormalities in animals. However, the mechanism underlying this neurotoxicity is still unclear. Lanthanum (La) is often chosen to study the effects of REEs. Here, we investigated the role of astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle (ANLS) in spatial learning and memory impairment induced by LaCl3 in hippocampus, an important spatial memory-related brain region...
October 9, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992103/maternal-programming-of-body-weight-in-syrian-hamsters
#13
Jeremy M Brozek, Jill E Schneider, Erin Rhinehart
Maternal programming of offspring energy balance has been viewed as an adaptation in which the gestational environment prepares the offspring to thrive and reproduce in that same postnatal environment. Programming might have the opposite effect, however, when gestational and postnatal environments are mismatched. Gestational programming would represent a trade-off if the mother can maximize fitness in one possible energetic future but cannot maximize fitness in another. The vast majority of research concerns rats, mice, or sheep, and dams are typically food restricted by 30-70% of ad libitum intake resulting in low birth weight and adult obesity in offspring...
September 14, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987588/characterization-of-luteal-dynamics-in-lactating-holstein-cows-for-32-days-after-synchronization-of-ovulation-and-timed-artificial-insemination
#14
A Ricci, P D Carvalho, M C Amundson, P M Fricke
Approximately 20 to 30% of cows diagnosed not pregnant 32 d after timed artificial insemination (TAI) lack a corpus luteum (CL), and cows submitted to a resynchronization protocol in the absence of a CL have about 10% fewer pregnancies per AI (P/AI) than cows with a CL. An understanding of luteal dynamics after synchronization of ovulation and TAI may help refine strategies for reinseminating cows failing to conceive. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 141) were synchronized for first TAI using a Double-Ovsynch protocol...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987571/field-trial-of-2-calcium-supplements-on-early-lactation-health-and-production-in-multiparous-holstein-cows
#15
Antonia R Domino, Helen C Korzec, Jessica A A McArt
Our objectives were to measure serum Ca concentrations in the first 48 h postpartum in cows supplemented with oral Ca or subcutaneous Ca and nonsupplemented cows and evaluate the effect of these treatments on the incidence of metritis, displaced abomasum, mastitis, and early lactation disease (any of the diseases milk fever, retained placenta, metritis, or displaced abomasum), removal from the herd, pregnancy to first insemination, and average daily milk yield for the first 10 wk of lactation. We conducted 2 experiments on 1 commercial herd in New York State...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987511/socs3-ablation-in-sf1-cells-causes-modest-metabolic-effects-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#16
Angela M Ramos-Lobo, Pryscila D S Teixeira, Isadora C Furigo, Jose Donato
Previous studies have shown that leptin resistance is a key feature that leads to gestational metabolic adaptions. We hypothesized that leptin sensitivity in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) plays a critical role regulating gestational metabolic changes. In the present study, we generated a mouse model carrying ablation of the suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in steroidogenic factor-1 (SF1) cells, which include the VMH, in order to investigate whether increased leptin sensitivity in this neuronal population prevents at least part of the metabolic changes typically observed during gestation and lactation...
October 5, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980122/migraine-treatment-in-pregnancy-and-lactation
#17
REVIEW
Anne H Calhoun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since up to 40.9% of reproductive aged women have migraine-and reproductive-aged women often reproduce-it is essential that we have good information and guidelines regarding proper treatment of migraine during pregnancy and lactation. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of articles published in the last year on the treatment of migraine during pregnancy and lactation found dishearteningly little. Nevertheless, this article will review the risk/safety information related to migraine treatment in both pregnancy and lactation, citing both new and less recent publications...
October 4, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979992/reproduction-differentially-affects-trabecular-bone-depending-on-its-mechanical-versus-metabolic-role
#18
Chantal M J de Bakker, Wei-Ju Tseng, Yihan Li, Hongbo Zhao, Allison R Altman-Singles, Yonghoon Jeong, Juhanna Robberts, Lin Han, Do-Gyoon Kim, X Sherry Liu
During pregnancy and lactation, the maternal skeleton provides calcium for fetal/infant growth, resulting in substantial bone loss, which partially recovers after weaning. However, the amount of bone that is lost and the extent of post-weaning recovery are highly variable among different skeletal sites, and, despite persistent alterations in bone structure at some locations, reproductive history does not increase postmenopausal fracture risk. To explain this phenomenon, we hypothesized that the degree of reproductive bone loss/recovery at trabecular sites may vary depending on the extent to which the trabecular compartment is involved in the bone's load-bearing function...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977596/bisphenol-s-alters-the-lactating-mammary-gland-and-nursing-behaviors-in-mice-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#19
Charlotte D LaPlante, Mary C Catanese, Ruby Bansal, Laura N Vandenberg
High doses of estrogenic pharmaceuticals were once prescribed to women to halt lactation. Yet, the effects of low-level xenoestrogens on lactation remain poorly studied. We investigated the effects of bisphenol S (BPS), an estrogen receptor (ER) agonist, on the lactating mammary gland; the arcuate nucleus, a region of the hypothalamus important for neuroendocrine control of lactational behaviors; and nursing behavior in CD-1 mice. Female mice were exposed to vehicle, 2 or 200 µg BPS/kg/d from pregnancy day 9 until lactational day (LD) 20, and tissues were collected on LD21...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973702/treatment-of-the-pregnant-patient-with-breast-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Michael R Shafique, Marie Catherine Lee, Hyo Sook Han
Pregnancy-associated breast cancer is defined as invasive breast cancer diagnosed during gestation, within 1 year postpartum, or during lactation. Of particular interest is the treatment of invasive breast cancer during gestation; standard treatment protocols must take into account the health of the fetus. This article reviews the literature and emerging data regarding the treatment of pregnancy-associated breast cancer. Existing staging and treatment practices need slight modification in the setting of pregnancy...
October 2017: Southern Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
87461
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"