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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820145/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastroenterostomy-are-we-ready-for-prime-time
#1
REVIEW
Mihai Rimbas, Alberto Larghi, Guido Costamagna
Interventional endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is currently becoming the less invasive therapeutic approach for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections, of acute cholecystitis in patients unfit for surgery and for biliary drainage after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In addition, EUS-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) has recently emerged as a feasible procedure to treat patients with gastric outlet obstruction, as an alternative to surgery or to standard endoscopy when endoscopic stent placement is not possible...
July 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813430/reprogramming-human-gallbladder-cells-into-insulin-producing-%C3%AE-like-cells
#2
Feorillo Galivo, Eric Benedetti, Yuhan Wang, Carl Pelz, Jonathan Schug, Klaus H Kaestner, Markus Grompe
The gallbladder and cystic duct (GBCs) are parts of the extrahepatic biliary tree and share a common developmental origin with the ventral pancreas. Here, we report on the very first genetic reprogramming of patient-derived human GBCs to β-like cells for potential autologous cell replacement therapy for type 1 diabetes. We developed a robust method for large-scale expansion of human GBCs ex vivo. GBCs were reprogrammed into insulin-producing pancreatic β-like cells by a combined adenoviral-mediated expression of hallmark pancreatic endocrine transcription factors PDX1, MAFA, NEUROG3, and PAX6 and differentiation culture in vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808565/acute-pancreatitis-a-7-year-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-epidemiology-aetiology-and-outcome-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-jamaica
#3
Gail P Reid, Eric W Williams, Damian K Francis, Michael G Lee
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a significant cause of acute abdominal pain, morbidity and hospitalisation. There was previously a dearth of studies exploring the incidence, risk factors and outcome of AP in the Caribbean region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of AP admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed. The epidemiological profile, risk factors, clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with AP were retrospectively studied...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808225/congestive-preconditioning-by-portal-venous-clamping-a-novel-preventive-concept-for-small-intestinal-congestive-re-outflow-injury
#4
Hironori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Takamura, Ryosuke Gabata, Yoshinao Ohbatake, Shinichi Nakanuma, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
BACKGROUND Congestion of the small intestine, which induces mucosal damage via apoptosis, is a common pathophysiological change in hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery, including liver transplantation. Small intestinal mucosal damage can trigger postoperative complications via various pathways. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy of intermittent portal venous clamping, which we named congestive preconditioning (CPC), for decreasing congestive re-outflow injury (CRoI) of the small intestine. MATERIAL AND METHODS Small intestinal CRoI was induced in rats by clamping the portal vein (PV) for 30 min, followed by re-outflow...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801436/effect-of-endoscopic-transpapillary-biliary-drainage-with-without-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-on-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-in-patients-with-biliary-stricture-e-best-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Shin Kato, Masaki Kuwatani, Ryo Sugiura, Itsuki Sano, Kazumichi Kawakubo, Kota Ono, Naoya Sakamoto
INTRODUCTION: The effect of endoscopic sphincterotomy prior to endoscopic biliary stenting to prevent post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the non-inferiority of non-endoscopic sphincterotomy prior to stenting for naïve major duodenal papilla compared with endoscopic sphincterotomy prior to stenting in patients with biliary stricture. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We designed a multicentre randomised controlled trial, for which we will recruit 370 patients with biliary stricture requiring endoscopic biliary stenting from 26 high-volume institutions in Japan...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797911/a-prospective-evaluation-of-radiation-free-direct-solitary-cholangioscopy-for-the-management-of-choledocholithiasis
#6
Monique T Barakat, Mohit Girotra, Abhishek Choudhary, Robert J Huang, Saurabh Sethi, Subhas Banerjee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopy has replaced many radiological studies for the GI tract. However, ERCP remains a hybrid endoscopic-fluoroscopic procedure, which limits its portable delivery, creates delays due to fluoroscopy room unavailability and exposes patients/providers to radiation. We evaluated fluoroscopy/radiation-free management of patients with non-complex choledocholithiasis using direct solitary cholangioscopy (DSC). METHODS: Patients underwent fluoroscopy-free biliary cannulation, sphincterotomy then cholangioscopy to establish location, number/size of stones and document distance from ampulla to bifurcation to guide balloon advancement...
August 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796138/predictive-value-of-computed-tomography-scans-and-clinical-findings-for-the-need-of-endoscopic-necrosectomy-in-walled-off-necrosis-from-pancreatitis
#7
Fabian Finkelmeier, Christian Sturm, Mireen Friedrich-Rust, Jörg Bojunga, Christoph Sarrazin, Andrea Tal, Johannes Hausmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Stephan Zangos, Jörg Albert, Harald Farnik
OBJECTIVES: Choosing the best treatment option at the optimal point of time for patients with walled-off necrosis (WON) is crucial. We aimed to identify imaging parameters and clinical findings predicting the need of necrosectomy in patients with WON. METHODS: All patients with endoscopically diagnosed WON and pseudocyst were retrospectively identified. Post hoc analysis of pre-interventional contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed for factors predicting the need of necrosectomy...
September 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795293/endoscopic-palliation-of-pancreatic-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Vishal B Gohil, Jason B Klapman
Pancreas cancer is a fourth-leading cause of cancer death in the USA and its incidence is rising as the population is aging. The majority of patients present at an advanced stage due to the silent nature of the disease and treatment have focused more on palliation than curative intent. Gastroenterologists have become integral in the multidisciplinary care of these patients with a focus on providing endoscopic palliation of pancreas cancer. The three most common areas that gastroenterologists palliate endoscopically are biliary obstruction, cancer-related pain, and gastric outlet obstruction...
August 9, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792589/early-definitive-treatment-rate-as-a-quality-indicator-of-care-in-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis
#9
R Green, S C Charman, T Palser
BACKGROUND: Early definitive treatment (cholecystectomy or endoscopic sphincterotomy in the same admission or within 2 weeks after discharge) of gallstone disease after a biliary attack of acute pancreatitis is standard of care. This study investigated whether compliance with early definitive treatment for acute gallstone pancreatitis can be used as a care quality indicator for the condition. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Hospital Episode Statistics database...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782883/gallbladder-mucosal-lesions-associated-with-high-biliary-amylase-irrespective-of-pancreaticobiliary-maljunction
#10
Jason Free, Frank Wang, Nick Williams, Justin S Gundara, Ralph F Staerkle, Thomas J Hugh, Jaswinder S Samra
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have focused on the presence of reflux in selected cohorts with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM), but little is known regarding the wider incidence of occult reflux and associated mucosal changes. We aimed to correlate gallbladder mucosal abnormalities with objective evidence of PBM and occult pancreaticobiliary reflux (PBR) in an Australian population undergoing cholecystectomy. METHODS: Patients undergoing cholecystectomy between September 2010 and September 2012 were eligible for inclusion...
August 7, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765476/annexin-a11-is-targeted-by-igg4-and-igg1-autoantibodies-in-igg4-related-disease
#11
Lowiek M Hubers, Harmjan Vos, Alex R Schuurman, Robin Erken, Ronald P Oude Elferink, Boudewijn Burgering, Stan F J van de Graaf, Ulrich Beuers
OBJECTIVE: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multiorgan immune-mediated disease that predominantly affects the biliary tract (IgG4-associated cholangitis, IAC) and pancreas (autoimmune pancreatitis, AIP). We recently identified highly expanded IgG4+ B-cell receptor clones in blood and affected tissues of patients with IAC/AIP suggestive of specific (auto)antigenic stimuli involved in initiating and/or maintaining the inflammatory response. This study aimed to identify (auto)antigen(s) that are responsible for the clonal expansion of IgG4+ B cells in IgG4-RD...
August 1, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761800/pancreatic-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma-not-responding-to-sirolimus
#12
Paloma Junco Triana, Mariela Dore, Vanesa Cerezo Nuñez, Javier Gomez Jimenez, Miriam Ferrero Miguel, Mercedes González Díaz, Joan Novo Ricardo, Ane Andres, Manuel Lopez Santamaria, Juan Carlos Lopez-Gutierrez
Background  Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a vascular tumor frequently associated with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP), characterized by severe thrombocytopenia and consumptive coagulopathy. Visceral involvement in KHE is rare. In our recent experience, sirolimus has shown to be an effective treatment in cutaneous KHE, becoming indeed the treatment of choice in KMP. We report a case of pancreatic KHE associated with KMP and refractory to sirolimus. Case Report  A 4-month-old infant is referred for obstructive jaundice (10 mg/dL conjugated bilirubin) secondary to vascular pancreatic tumor...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761475/the-helminths-causing-surgical-or-endoscopic-abdominal-intervention-a-review-article
#13
REVIEW
Erdal Uysal, Mehmet Dokur
BACKGROUND: Helminths sometimes require surgical or endoscopic intervention. Helminths may cause acute abdomen, mechanical intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, perforation, hepatitis, pancreatitis, and appendicitis. This study aimed to determine the surgical diseases that helminths cause and to gather, analyze the case reports, case series and original articles about this topic in literature. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective observational study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758243/enteroscopy-overtube-assisted-over-the-wire-stent-placement-to-treat-an-enteral-stenosis
#14
Antonino Granata, Michele Amata, Mario Traina
A 77-year-old man underwent duodeno-cephalo-pancreatectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for pancreatic head cancer. After two years developed recurrent cholangitis with obstructive jaundice. In suspicion of obstruction of biliary tree, a percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) was attempted. Contrast dye injected troughs the catheter shower an intestinal stenosis about 10 centimeters above the bilio-enteric anastomosis. Following PET-CT scan showed no cancer recurrence. This article is protected by copyright...
July 31, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752688/hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-biliary-intra-epithelial-neoplasia
#15
C-M Ho, C-H Wu, J-Y Liau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752146/acute-biliary-pancreatitis-in-cholecystectomised-patients
#16
Fatih Ciftci, Turgut Anuk
OBJECTIVE: The present study is an evaluation of cases of acute biliary pancreatitis that developed subsequent to cholecystectomy. METHODS: Total of 44 patients were assessed in this retrospective study. Demographic characteristics, severity of illness, time elapsed between cholecystectomy and development of pancreatitis, whether endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) was performed, surgical procedure used, duration of hospitalization, and mortality data were recorded. RESULTS: Mean age of all patients was 60...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746316/efficacy-of-prophylactic-use-of-ciprofloxacin-and-metronidazole-in-mild-and-moderately-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#17
A K Mandal, S Chaudhary, B Shrestha, M S Paudel, N S Poudyal, B N Paudel, B Bhattarai, S K Ray, N M Ray
INTRODUCTION: There are new concepts and developments in the diagnosis and management of acute pancreatitis. Current evidence suggests that there is no role of prophylactic antibiotics use in acute pancreatitis. However, it is still a common practice to administer prophylactic antibiotics in a country like Nepal. So, we have conducted a study in mild and moderately severe acute pancreatitis to study the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics. METHODS: A case control study was conducted among 76 patients comparing efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics versus no antibiotics in patients with mild and moderately severe acute pancreatitis...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736430/a-case-of-type-1-autoimmune-pancreatitis-aip-a-form-of-igg4-related-disease-igg4-rd
#18
Mounira El Euch, Souha Hddad, Madiha Mahfoudhi, Hela Maktouf, Fethi Ben Hamida, Fatima Jaziri, Khaoula Ben Abdelghani, Sami Turki, Taïeb Ben Abdallah
BACKGROUND Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), also known as lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis (LPSP), is a rare cause of chronic pancreatitis, characterized by a fibro-inflammatory process. However, patients with AIP may have a good response to corticosteroid therapy. We describe a Tunisian patient with AIP that was confirmed to be an IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). CASE REPORT We describe a case of a 70-year-old man who was admitted to hospital for obstructive jaundice and abdominal pain. Serum liver function tests were abnormal and upper abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging showed diffuse pancreatic swelling and strictures of the main pancreatic duct without any focal lesion...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733743/therapeutic-peroral-direct-cholangioscopy-using-a-single-balloon-enteroscope-in-patients-with-roux-en-y-anastomosis-with-videos
#19
Hiroshi Yamauchi, Mitsuhiro Kida, Kosuke Okuwaki, Shiro Miyazawa, Takaaki Matsumoto, Kazuho Uehara, Eiji Miyata, Rikiya Hasegawa, Toru Kaneko, Issaree Laopeamthong, Yang Lei, Tomohisa Iwai, Hiroshi Imaizumi, Wasaburo Koizumi
BACKGROUND: Peroral cholangioscopic lithotripsy is a useful procedure in patients with a normal gastrointestinal anatomy who have difficult-to-treat stones. We evaluated the usefulness of peroral direct cholangioscopy (PDCS) using single-balloon enteroscope (SBE) in patients with difficult-to-treat stones who had undergone Roux-en-Y reconstruction. METHODS: Among 118 patients (169 sessions) who underwent SBE-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography to treat biliary stones after Roux-en-Y reconstruction, patients in whom it was difficult to remove biliary stones via a transpapillary or transanastomotic approach and difficult to switch to ultra-slim endoscope, were retrospectively enrolled...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733732/predictive-risk-factors-associated-with-cholangitis-following-ercp
#20
Joshua Tierney, Neal Bhutiani, Bryce Stamp, John S Richey, Michael H Bahr, Gary C Vitale
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with stent placement is used for the management of many pancreaticobiliary disorders. It is generally safe with a few short-term complications. The risk factors for the development of post-ERCP cholangitis due to stent occlusion have not been previously described. This study identified such risk factors among patients undergoing ERCP and stent placement for pancreatic or biliary obstruction. METHODS: 3648 ERCPs performed at the University of Louisville from 2008 to 2016 were reviewed...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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