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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094228/health-promotion-in-practice-district-nurses-experiences-of-working-with-health-promotion-and-lifestyle-interventions-among-patients-at-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Kristina Lundberg, Miek C Jong, Lisbeth Kristiansen, Mats Jong
OBJECTIVE: Health Promotion Practice (HPP) has the objective to promote a healthier lifestyle and reduce the risk of disease. The aim of this study was to examine district nurses׳ experiences of working with health preventive actions among patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and to identify facilitators and obstacles in HPP. DESIGN/SETTING: The study was carried out with a qualitative approach where individual semistructured interviews were performed with a total of 12 district nurses in primary care...
December 16, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092165/recommendations-for-best-disinfectant-practices-to-reduce-the-spread-of-infection-via-wrestling-mats
#2
Linda Mull Young, Vicki Abram Motz, Emily R Markey, Suzanne C Young, Ronald E Beaschler
CONTEXT:  At the request of the National Wrestling Coaches Association and the head wrestling coach at our university, we conducted a study of infection transmission in collegiate wrestlers. OBJECTIVE:  To examine disinfectant effectiveness and develop best-practice guidelines for minimizing the spread of skin infections via wrestling mats. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study and crossover study. SETTING:  Laboratory and two 15-college wrestling invitational meets...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086771/naturalistic-study-of-guideline-implementation-tool-use-via-evaluation-of-website-access-and-physician-survey
#3
Melissa J Armstrong, Gary S Gronseth, Richard Dubinsky, Sonja Potrebic, Rebecca Penfold Murray, Thomas S D Getchius, Carol Rheaume, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines support decision-making at the point-of-care but the onus is often on individual users such as physicians to implement them. Research shows that the inclusion of implementation tools in or with guidelines (GItools) is associated with guideline use. However, there is little research on which GItools best support implementation by individual physicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate naturalistic access and use of GItools produced by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) to inform future tool development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079974/findings-from-a-pilot-study-bringing-evidence-based-practice-to-the-bedside
#4
Mary Ann Friesen, Joni M Brady, Renee Milligan, Patricia Christensen
BACKGROUND: To translate research supporting inpatient care outcomes and provide evidence-based care, registered nurses (RNs) need continuing education and mentoring support to adopt evidence-based practice (EBP). AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess a demonstration project intended to pilot and evaluate a structured EBP education with mentoring innovation for nurses in a multihospital system. METHODS: Nurses from five units in five hospitals were included in an education with mentoring innovation to implement the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model and the Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC) Model...
January 12, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079584/the-development-and-implementation-of-cognitive-aids-for-critical-events-in-pediatric-anesthesia-the-society-for-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklists
#5
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, Scott C Watkins, Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Eugenie S Heitmiller
Cognitive aids such as checklists are commonly used in modern operating rooms for routine processes, and the use of such aids may be even more important during critical events. The Quality and Safety Committee of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) has developed a set of critical-event checklists and cognitive aids designed for 3 purposes: (1) as a repository of the latest evidence-based and expert opinion-based information to guide response and management of critical events, (2) as a source of just-in-time information during critical events, and (3) as a method to facilitate a shared understanding of required actions among team members during a critical event...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075713/an-activist-approach-to-sport-meets-youth-from-socially-vulnerable-backgrounds-possible-learning-aspirations
#6
Carla Luguetti, Kimberly L Oliver, Luiz Eduardo Pinto Basto Tourinho Dantas, David Kirk
PURPOSE: This study was a 2-phase activist research project aimed at co-creating a prototype pedagogical model for working with youth from socially vulnerable backgrounds in a sport context. This article addresses the learning aspirations (learning outcomes) that emerged when we created spaces for youth to develop strategies to manage the risks they face in their community. METHOD: This study took place in a socially and economically disadvantaged neighborhood in a Brazilian city where we worked with a group of 17 boys aged 13 to 15 years old, 4 coaches, a pedagogic coordinator, and a social worker...
January 11, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074590/improving-clinical-handover-in-a-paediatric-ward-implications-for-nursing-management
#7
Trudi Mannix, Yvonne Parry, Allison Roderick
AIM: To describe how nursing staff in a paediatric ward improved the conduct of clinical handover, using a practise development approach. BACKGROUND: ISBAR (Identify, Situation, Background, Assessment and Recommendation) is a mnemonic tool to aid the safe transfer of patient information in clinical handover. The nurses identified the need to improve the use of ISBAR, and other issues related to handover that could compromise patient safety and constrain family-centred care...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068210/how-players-exploit-variability-and-regularity-of-game-actions-in-female-volleyball-teams
#8
Ana Ramos, Patrícia Coutinho, Pedro Silva, Keith Davids, Isabel Mesquita
Variability analysis has been used to understand how competitive constraints shape different behaviours in team sports. In this study, we analysed and compared variability of tactical performance indices in players within complex I at two different competitive levels in volleyball. We also examined whether variability was influenced by set type and period. Eight matches from the 2012 Olympics competition and from the Portuguese national league in the 2014-2015 season were analysed (1496 rallies). Variability of setting conditions, attack zone, attack tempo and block opposition was assessed using Shannon entropy measures...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067679/a-study-of-role-expectations-and-satisfaction-with-the-healthcare-coach-role
#9
Pamela Kohlbry, JoAnn S Daugherty, Joy Gorzeman, Joseph Parker
OBJECTIVE: The research objective was to determine the expectations of and satisfaction with the healthcare coach (HCC) role among hospitalists and staff RNs, as well as expectations of case managers who collaborate with them. BACKGROUND: Care transitions occur when patients move from 1 care setting or provider to another. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services developed the Community-Based Care Transitions Program to address readmission, patient safety, improved quality of care, and cost savings...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065123/observations-of-youth-football-training-how-do-coaches-structure-training-sessions-for-player-development
#10
Donna O'Connor, Paul Larkin, A Mark Williams
We used systematic observation tools to explore the structure (i.e., activity and inactivity) and sequencing (i.e., the types of activities used) of football coaching sessions in Australia following the implementation of a new National Curriculum. Youth soccer coaches (n = 34), coaching within the Skill Acquisition (U11-U13 n = 19) and Game Training (U14-U17 n = 15) phases of the Football Federation Australia National Curriculum participated. Participants were filmed during a regular coaching session, with systematic observation of the session undertaken to provide a detailed analysis of the practice activities and coach behaviours...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057609/intellicare-an-eclectic-skills-based-app-suite-for-the-treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety
#11
David C Mohr, Kathryn Noth Tomasino, Emily G Lattie, Hannah L Palac, Mary J Kwasny, Kenneth Weingardt, Chris J Karr, Susan M Kaiser, Rebecca C Rossom, Leland R Bardsley, Lauren Caccamo, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Digital mental health tools have tended to use psychoeducational strategies based on treatment orientations developed and validated outside of digital health. These features do not map well to the brief but frequent ways that people use mobile phones and mobile phone apps today. To address these challenges, we developed a suite of apps for depression and anxiety called IntelliCare, each developed with a focused goal and interactional style. IntelliCare apps prioritize interactive skills training over education and are designed for frequent but short interactions...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051335/managing-the-training-load-in-adolescent-athletes
#12
Andrew Murray
While historically adolescents were removed from their parents to prepare to become warriors, this process repeats itself in modern times but with the outcome being athletic performance. This review considers the process of developing athletes and managing load against the backdrop of differing approaches of conserving and maximizing the talent available. It acknowledges the typical training 'dose' that adolescent athletes receive across a number of sports and the typical 'response' when it is excessive or not managed appropriately...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#13
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047250/we-ab-207a-06-progressive-dose-control-for-cone-beam-ct-with-deformation-assisted-temporal-nonlocal-means-method
#14
L Chen, C Shen, J Wang, S Jiang, X Jia
PURPOSE: To reduce cone beam CT (CBCT) imaging dose, we previously proposed a progressive dose control (PDC) scheme to employ temporal correlation between CBCT images at different fractions for image quality enhancement. A temporal non-local means (TNLM) method was developed to enhance quality of a new low-dose CBCT using existing high-quality CBCT. To enhance a voxel value, the TNLM method searches for similar voxels in a window. Due to patient deformation among the two CBCTs, a large searching window was required, reducing image quality and computational efficiency...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042769/discovery-of-an-unexplored-protein-structural-scaffold-of-serine-protease-from-big-blue-octopus-octopus-cyanea-a-new-prospective-lead-molecule
#15
Subhamay Panda, Leena Kumari
BACKGROUND: Serine proteases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyses the peptide bonds in proteins. In mammals, these enzymes help in the regulation of several major physiological functions such as digestion, blood clotting, responses of immune system, reproductive functions and the complement system. OBJECTIVE: Serine proteases obtained from the venom of Octopodidae family is a relatively unexplored area of research. In the present work, we tried to effectively utilize comparative composite molecular modeling technique...
January 2, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033124/variances-in-strength-and-conditioning-practice-in-elite-rugby-union-between-the-northern-and-southern-hemispheres
#16
Thomas W Jones, Andrew Smith, Lindsay S Macnaughton, Duncan N French
The strength and conditioning (S&C) practices in elite Rugby Union (RU) have previously been detailed. There is also research which indicates playing styles can differ between Northern hemisphere (NH) and Southern hemisphere (SH) teams. It is not presently known if these variances in playing styles are reflected in the S&C practices of those supporting NH and SH teams. As such, the present study examines any variances in S&C practices between those supporting NH and SH elite level teams. A validated questionnaire was employed that comprised 7 sections; personal details, physical testing, strength and power development, concurrent training, unique aspects of the programme and any further relevant information regarding prescribed training programmes...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032558/early-learners-as-health-coaches-for-older-adults-preparing-for-surgery
#17
Jennifer A Kaplan, Zabecca Brinson, Rebecca Hofer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Anna Chang, Helen Horvath, George J Chang, Emily Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Few opportunities exist for early learners to engage in authentic roles on health care teams. In a geriatric optimization clinic for frail high-risk surgical patients, first-year medical and nurse practitioner students were integrated into an interprofessional team as health coaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frail surgical patients with planned operations were referred to a new preoperative optimization clinic to see a geriatrician, occupational, and physical therapists and a nutritionist...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031770/soccer-players-cultural-capital-and-its-impact-on-migration
#18
Jožef Križaj, Bojan Leskošek, Janez Vodičar, Mojca Doupona Topič
The purpose of this study was to identify factors that constituted the cultural capital among soccer players. We assumed that in the increasingly globalized world of professional soccer, a player's success would often depend on migrating and adjusting to life in other countries. Willingness to migrate and successful adjustment are tied to player's previous attitudes and/or behaviours (habitus), significant support from others, including family members, and previous experiences and success in sports and education...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031762/effects-of-fatigue-on-throwing-performance-in-experienced-team-handball-players
#19
Alberto Nuño, Ignacio J Chirosa, Roland van den Tillaar, Rafael Guisado, Ignacio Martín, Isidoro Martinez, Luis J Chirosa
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of central and peripheral physiological fatigue on throwing accuracy and ball release velocity in team handball. Twenty male subjects (age 24.7 ± 3.9 yrs, body mass 88.5 ± 5.0 kg, body height 1.86 ± 0.05 m, training experience 12.7 ± 3.8 yrs) from one handball team participated in this study. The participants completed four sets of eight laps of a circuit that consisted of specific team handball drills/exercises, with decreasing recovery times between the laps in each set in order to induce physiological fatigue...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028738/risk-and-resilience-factors-associated-with-resident-burnout
#20
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: We investigated hypothesized risk and resilience factors and their association with burnout in first year medicine and psychiatry residents at an urban teaching hospital in order to help guide the development of interventions targeted at reducing burnout. METHODS: We administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Perceived Stress Scale-10, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (depression symptoms), Revised Life Orientation Test (optimism), Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale, Interpersonal Reactivity Index Perspective-Taking Scale (empathy), and Measure of Current Status-Part A to first year medicine and psychiatry residents prior to initiation of clinical rotations in June...
December 27, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
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