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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#1
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639445/periodized-training-archive-better-autonomic-modulation-and-aerobic-performance-than-non-periodized-training
#2
Vicente J Clemente-Suarez
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present research was to analyze autonomic response and aerobic performance after performing three different workloads training distributions. METHODS: Thirty athletes (38.7±9.8 years. 174.7±6.5 cm. 72.0±9.8 kg) were randomly divided in 3 groups of 10 participants each one to perform 3 different 4-week training programs: PRO group: increasing the aerobic training intensity during the 4-weeks; UNI group: performing a uniform aerobic intensity every week; and FRE group performing a free training...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638354/investigating-team-coordination-in-baseball-using-a-novel-joint-decision-making-paradigm
#3
Rob Gray, Nancy J Cooke, Nathan J McNeese, Jaimie McNabb
A novel joint decision making paradigm for assessing team coordination was developed and tested using baseball infielders. Balls launched onto an infield at different trajectories were filmed using four video cameras that were each placed at one of the typical positions of the four infielders. Each participant viewed temporally occluded videos for one of the four positions and were asked to say either "ball" if they would attempt to field it or the name of the bag that they would cover. The evaluation of two experienced coaches was used to assign a group coordination score for each trajectory and group decision times were calculated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634631/sages-university-masters-program-a-structured-curriculum-for-deliberate-lifelong-learning
#4
Daniel B Jones, Dimitrios Stefanidis, James R Korndorffer, Justin B Dimick, Brian P Jacob, Linda Schultz, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate training has been haphazard to date. Surgeons have relied on attendance to annual meetings and multiple choice study guides to demonstrate maintenance of certification and continuing medical education. METHODS: SAGES held a retreat to develop the concept and scope of the Masters Program. Surveys were sent to SAGES members to guide curriculum development and selection of anchoring operations. RESULTS: SAGES has developed an educational curriculum across eight domains (Acute Care, Biliary, Bariatric, Colorectal, Hernia, Foregut, Flex Endoscopy, and Robotic Surrey) incorporating SAGES educational materials and guidelines, social media, coaching and mentoring...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632014/coaching-the-coach-a-program-for-development-of-faculty-portfolio-coaches
#5
Jack Kopechek, Cheryl Bardales, A Todd Lash, Curtis Walker, Sheryl Pfeil, Cynthia H Ledford
PROBLEM: Faculty coaching is recognized as an essential element for effective use of portfolios in undergraduate medical education, yet best practices for training these coaches are uncertain. INTERVENTION: New portfolio coaches participated in a multifaceted training program that included orienting modules, a 7.5-hr training workshop featuring analysis of reflective writing, an Observed Structured Teaching Exercise (OSTE), and subsequent longitudinal coaches' meetings for timely task training...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#6
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630568/the-effects-of-a-self-efficacy-intervention-on-exercise-behavior-of-fitness-club-members-in-52-weeks-and-long-term-relationships-of-transtheoretical-model-constructs
#7
Jan Middelkamp, Maaike van Rooijen, Peter Wolfhagen, Bert Steenbergen
The transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM) is often used to understand changes in health-related behavior, like exercise. Exercise behavior in fitness clubs is an understudied topic, but preliminary studies showed low frequencies and large numbers of drop-out. An initial 12-week self-efficacy intervention reported significant effects on exercise behavior. The objective of this follow up study is testing effects on exercise behavior over 52 weeks and the long-term relationships of all TTM constructs...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630037/a-mobile-app-for-the-self-management-of-type-1-diabetes-among-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Shivani Goyal, Caitlin A Nunn, Michael Rotondi, Amy B Couperthwaite, Sally Reiser, Angelo Simone, Debra K Katzman, Joseph A Cafazzo, Mark R Palmert
BACKGROUND: While optimal blood glucose control is known to reduce the long-term complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents often struggle to achieve their blood glucose targets. However, their strong propensity toward technology presents a unique opportunity for the delivery of novel self-management interventions. To support type 1 diabetes self-management in this population, we developed the diabetes self-management app bant, which included wireless blood glucose reading transfer, out-of-range blood glucose trend alerts, coaching around out-of-range trend causes and fixes, and a point-based incentive system...
June 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624260/development-and-validation-of-subscales-to-assess-perceived-support-for-self-management-of-mood-or-emotional-problems-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#9
Jane McCusker, Jeannie Haggerty, Manon De Raad, Eric Belzile, Fatima Bouharaoui, Christine Beaulieu, Mark Yaffe, Antonio Ciampi
OBJECTIVES: To validate 2 new patient-reported measures of self-management support from health professionals for mood and emotional problems. METHODS: The sample comprised primary care patients with chronic physical conditions and co-morbid depressive symptoms enrolled in a randomized trial of telephone coaching of a depression self-care intervention (n=120). At 6-month follow-up, patients completed 2 subscales with respect to support for self-management of their chronic physical condition(s): 1) Self-Management Information (SMInfo-Phys); and 2) Care Plan (CP-Phys) and equivalent subscales adapted to assess self-management support for mood and emotional problems: SMInfo-Mood and CP-Mood...
June 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619116/feasibility-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-during-and-shortly-after-chemotherapy-for-testicular-cancer
#10
Lene Thorsen, Camilla Kirkegaard, Jon Håvard Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Merethe Lia Johansen, Gunhild M Gjerset, Elisabeth Edvardsen, Hanne Hamre, Tone Ikdahl, Sophie D Fosså
BACKGROUND: Given the risk of developing acute and long-term adverse effects in patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for testicular cancer (TC), risk-reducing interventions, such as physical activity (PA), may be relevant. Limited knowledge is available on the challenges met when conducting PA intervention trials in patients with TC during and shortly after chemotherapy. The aims of the present feasibility study are therefore to determine patient recruitment, compliance and adherence to a PA intervention...
June 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619025/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-clinician-in-addressing-the-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-of-community-mental-health-clients-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, David Castle, Sonia Wutzke, Chris Rissel, Andrew Wilson, Paul McCombie, Fionna Murphy, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a greater morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of modifiable health risk behaviours such as smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol consumption contribute substantially to this disparity. Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending that mental health services routinely provide care to address these risk behaviours, the provision of such care is consistently reported to be low internationally and in Australia...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608949/commentary-studying-and-testing-the-positive-youth-development-model-a-tale-of-two-approaches
#12
Richard M Lerner
Interest in promoting positive development among children and adolescents has always been a focus of developmental science. Historically, many researchers framed this interest using a deficit model that sought to optimize positive development by reducing problems. In the context of the articles in this special section, the author discuss a different conception of positive youth development that has emerged across the past 25 years, one that capitalizes on human plasticity and tests a strength-based model (instead of a deficit one)...
June 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605209/pacing-and-self-regulation-important-skills-for-talent-development-in-endurance-sports
#13
Marije T Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J Hettinga
Pacing has been characterized as a multi-faceted goal-directed process of decision-making in which athletes need to decide how and when to invest their energy during the race, a process essential for optimal performance. Both physiological as well as psychological characteristics associated with adequate pacing and performance are known to develop with age. Consequently, the multi-faceted skill of pacing might be under construction throughout adolescence as well. Therefore, we propose that the complex skill of pacing is a potential important performance characteristic for talented youth athletes, that needs to be developed throughout adolescence...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600161/a-problem-solving-intervention-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-in-veterans-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jason A Nieuwsma, Laura O Wray, Corrine I Voils, Jennifer M Gierisch, Margaret Dundon, Cynthia J Coffman, George L Jackson, Rhonda Merwin, Christina Vair, Karen Juntilla, Courtney White-Clark, Amy S Jeffreys, Amy Harris, Michael Owings, Johnpatrick Marr, David Edelman
BACKGROUND: Health behaviors related to diet, tobacco usage, physical activity, medication adherence, and alcohol use are highly determinative of risk for developing cardiovascular disease. This paper describes a study protocol to evaluate a problem-solving intervention that aims to help patients at risk for developing cardiovascular disease address barriers to adopting positive health behaviors in order to reduce cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Eligible patients are adults enrolled in Veterans Affairs (VA) health care who have not experienced a cardiovascular event but are at elevated risk based on their Framingham Risk Score (FRS)...
June 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597618/effects-of-resistance-training-overtraining-and-early-specialization-on-youth-athletes
#15
Benjamin K Walters, Connor R Read, A Reed Estes
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, 60 million youth ages 6-18 participated in some form of generalized athletics. 3.5 million children are injured annually participating in organized sport or recreational activities. While sound physical education can decrease the burden of youth sports injuries, the median annual physical education budget of $764 for United States elementary, middle and high schools may not allow enough flexibility to apply evidenced-based guidelines. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The topics were selected after a careful review of the 2016 National Strength and Conditioning Association Position Statement on Long-Term Athletic Development...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575558/-model-ontogenetic-variability-functional-state-of-the-organism-in-different-modes-of-motor-activity
#16
V V Myakotnyh, L S Khodasevich
The analysis of the study results of remote training effect of physical training and sports in the age range including the later periods of human ontogenesis, from the point of oxidative stress theory. To study the characteristics of developmental variability of the functional state of the organism, a comparative study of the functional state of the body at different modes of physical activity in different age stages of development was carried out: from sports veterans, remain actively locomotor activity after the termination of sports career; former athletes, leading a sedentary lifestyle; persons engaged in improving the forms of physical exercise; as well as persons who had not engaged in regular physical activity...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573840/pep-scot-a-health-coaching-intervention-for-people-in-prisons-the-development-of-the-intervention-protocol
#17
A B Cinar, C Jones, D Richards, F Fernandes, P White, R Freeman
There is a need for an alternative approach for health promotion prisons since previous work has indicated that health education, while improving health knowledge, does not result in behaviour change. Evidence has suggested that a health coaching assists in this regard. However, the question remained whether this approach would be appropriate and possible in prisons? This paper presents the public health strategies used to work in partnership with prison management to address challenges and accept opportunities as a health coaching intervention protocol was developed for oral health and wellbeing in the prison setting...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570285/symptomcare-home-developing-an-integrated-symptom-monitoring-and-management-system-for-outpatients-receiving-chemotherapy
#18
Susan L Beck, Linda H Eaton, Christina Echeverria, Kathi H Mooney
SymptomCare@Home, an integrated symptom monitoring and management system, was designed as part of randomized clinical trials to help patients with cancer who receive chemotherapy in ambulatory clinics and often experience significant symptoms at home. An iterative design process was informed by chronic disease management theory and features of assessment and clinical decision support systems used in other diseases. Key stakeholders participated in the design process: nurse scientists, clinical experts, bioinformatics experts, and computer programmers...
May 31, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566217/integration-of-hands-on-team-training-into-existing-curriculum-improves-both-technical-and-nontechnical-skills-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#19
Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Raghavendra Rao, Elijah W Riddle, Ari D Brooks, Daniel T Dempsey, Jon B Morris, Christopher J Neylan, Noel N Williams, Kristoffel R Dumon
OBJECTIVE: Nontechnical skills are an essential component of surgical education and a major competency assessed by the ACGME milestones project. However, the optimal way to integrate nontechnical skills training into existing curricula and then objectively evaluate the outcome is still unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effect laparoscopic team-based task training would have on the nontechnical skills needed for laparoscopic surgery. DESIGN: 9 PGY-1 residents underwent an established training curriculum for teaching the knowledge and technical skills involved in laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557935/constructing-a-shared-mental-model-for-faculty-development-for-the-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency
#20
Michele A Favreau, Linda Tewksbury, Carla Lupi, William B Cutrer, Janet A Jokela, Lalena M Yarris
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges identified 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (Core EPAs), which are activities that entering residents might be expected to perform without direct supervision. This work included the creation of an interinstitutional concept group focused on faculty development efforts, as the processes and tools for teaching and assessing entrustability in undergraduate medical education (UME) are still evolving. In this article, the authors describe a conceptual framework for entrustment that they developed to better prepare all educators involved in entrustment decision making in UME...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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