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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527025/pose-aware-c-arm-for-automatic-re-initialization-of-interventional-2d-3d-image-registration
#1
Javad Fotouhi, Bernhard Fuerst, Alex Johnson, Sing Chun Lee, Russell Taylor, Greg Osgood, Nassir Navab, Mehran Armand
PURPOSE: In minimally invasive interventions assisted by C-arm imaging, there is a demand to fuse the intra-interventional 2D C-arm image with pre-interventional 3D patient data to enable surgical guidance. The commonly used intensity-based 2D/3D registration has a limited capture range and is sensitive to initialization. We propose to utilize an opto/X-ray C-arm system which allows to maintain the registration during intervention by automating the re-initialization for the 2D/3D image registration...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524700/what-is-important-in-transdisciplinary-pain-neuroscience-education-a-qualitative-study
#2
Amarins J Wijma, Caroline M Speksnijder, Astrid F Crom-Ottens, J M Corine Knulst-Verlaan, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The main focus of Pain Neuroscience Education is around changing patients' pain perceptions and minimizing further medical care. Even though Pain Neuroscience Education has been studied extensively, the experiences of patients regarding the Pain Neuroscience Education process remain to be explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences in patients with non-specific chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with non-specific chronic pain from a transdisciplinary treatment centre were in-depth interviewed...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524366/contrasting-hcv-and-hiv-seroepidemiology-in-11-years-of-blood-donors-screening-in-brazil
#3
J E Levi, S M Lira, C B Bub, M B Polite, C C Terzian, J M Kutner
BACKGROUND: Blood donors are, in principle, healthy individuals who may be revealed as infectious for blood-borne agents by the laboratory screening process, depicting the asymptomatic burden of the disease. Therefore, monitoring hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected donor and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected donor and associating to their demographical and behavioural characteristics may shed light on the dynamics and contemporary changes in these viruses' epidemiology. METHODS: Donors presenting repeatedly reactive HCV or HIV serology/nucleic acid testing (NAT) screening results were submitted to confirmatory testing...
May 19, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524326/family-planning-knowledge-and-use-among-women-in-camps-for-internally-displaced-people-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#4
Rogatien M Kisindja, Christophe Kimona, Modestine Etoy, Florby Dorme, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe family planning awareness and needs among internally displaced women residing in the Mugunga camps in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of women aged 14-45 years residing in the Mugunga camps was conducted during March 2014. The verbally administered survey assessed participants' obstetric history and their family planning knowledge, interest, and use. Descriptive statistics were obtained...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523055/antibiotics-and-over-the-counter-medication-use-and-its-correlates-among-arab-pregnant-women-visiting-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#5
Hafsa Raheel, Sulaiman Alsakran, Abdulkhaliq Alghamdi, Majed Ajarem, Salman Alsulami, Afzal Mahmood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The use of over the counter medications (OTCMs) is a common practice globally. OTCMs are of special concern among pregnant women as they pose risk to the mother and fetus. The objective was to assess the use of OTCMs by pregnant woman, and factors associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, using a structured self-administrated questionnaire was conducted at the obstetric and antenatal clinics at King Khalid University hospital, Riyadh...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523035/prevalence-side-effects-and-awareness-about-energy-drinks-among-the-female-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Mohamudha Parveen Rahamathulla
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consumption, prevalence, side effects and awareness of energy drinks among female university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A quantitative research design was implied with sample size of 358 female students, recruited from Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University. The data, gathered through self-administered questionnaire, was analyzed through SPSS version 20.0 with p value <0.005 deemed statistically significant. RESULTS: From the sample of 358 female students, 337 attempted the questionnaire from which 274 students were identified as energy drink consumers...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521557/metacognitive-verb-production-in-adolescents-the-link-to-complex-syntax
#7
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar
Metacognitive verbs (MCVs) such as believe, know and think allow a speaker to describe the thoughts, feelings and perspectives of the self and others. As such, these words reflect the speaker's awareness of differing mental events and activities, or Theory of Mind (ToM). This study investigated the use of MCVs in adolescents with typical language development in relation to the production of complex sentences. It was of interest to determine the frequency with which adolescents used MCVs and to explore the links between MCVs and different types of subordinate clauses...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521367/driving-problems-in-the-elderly-and-cognitively-impaired
#8
Robert Haussmann, Maria Buthut, Markus Donix
Driving ability in the elderly and cognitively impaired is of growing demographic relevance. Driving represents a complex task for which multiple central resources are needed. In mild cognitive impairment and dementia, we need to closely monitor driving ability, as it gets irrecoverably lost in the course of the disease. In normal aging, people are often able to self-regulate driving behavior with respect to their medical conditions. Some studies demonstrated that older drivers perform well compared with younger drivers...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515800/dimensions-of-mindfulness-and-their-relations-with-psychological-well-being-and-neuroticism
#9
Luca Iani, Marco Lauriola, Valentina Cafaro, Fabrizio Didonna
In this study we examined whether differences in the habitual use of mindfulness skills were associated with specific well-being and neuroticism aspects. Two hundred eleven volunteers aged 21-84 years completed measures of mindfulness, neuroticism, psychological well-being (PWB), and subjective well-being (SWB). Describing, observing, and acting with awareness (i.e., the mindfulness "what" skills) were positively correlated with personal growth, purpose in life, and autonomy (i.e., the "core" eudaimonic components of PWB)...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514994/active-syphilis-and-its-association-with-hiv-and-sexual-risk-behaviours-in-a-multicity-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-peru
#10
Lia N Pizzicato, Panagiotis Vagenas, Pedro Gonzales, Javier R Lama, Monica Pun, Jorge Sanchez, Frederick L Altice
Background: Syphilis in Peru is heavily concentrated in men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW). The aim of the present study was to understand the risk factors for active syphilis infection among MSM and TGW in Peru. Methods: Independent correlates suggestive of active syphilis infection were examined to better understand risk factors for syphilis in MSM and TGW, with separate analyses conducted based on location and among TGW. In 2011, 5101 MSM and TGW completed both self-report surveys and HIV and syphilis testing in five Peruvian cities...
May 18, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512276/osteoporosis-knowledge-and-related-health-behavior-among-women-in-jazan-region-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#11
Ismail A Darout, Abdelwhab Alamir, Sameena Sultana
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease that can be prevented to some extent by awareness of its risk factors and related health behavior. The aim of this study was to collect information about knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis among women living in Jazan and to describe the type of food habits, sociodemographic characteristics, and other osteoporosis-related health behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511849/cardiometabolic-healthy-obesity-paradigm-and-all-cause-mortality-risk
#12
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cardiometabolic healthy obesity paradigm as it relates to all-cause mortality risk, with effect moderation evaluated for physical activity and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2006 NHANES were used. The analytic sample included 7579 dietary fasting adults (20+ yrs). All-cause mortality was linked with participant data from the National Death Index. Metabolic health was based on fasting levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose and blood pressure...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511698/using-a-mobile-health-application-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-drinkaware-track-calculate-units-application
#13
Sophie Attwood, Hannah Parke, John Larsen, Katie L Morton
BACKGROUND: Smartphone applications ("apps") offer promise as tools to help people monitor and reduce their alcohol consumption. To date, few evaluations of alcohol reduction apps exist, with even fewer considering apps already available to the public. The aim of this study was to evaluate an existing publically available app, designed by Drinkaware, a UK-based alcohol awareness charity. METHODS: We adopted a mixed-methods design, analysing routinely collected app usage data to explore user characteristics and patterns of usage...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511605/-it-was-all-intertwined-illness-representations-and-self-management-in-patients-with-cancer-and-anxiety-depression
#15
Emma M Richardson, Jennifer L Scott, Natalie Schüz, Kristy Sanderson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and anxiety/depression frequently co-occur, leading to poorer outcomes for these illnesses. However, the majority of existing research investigates how participants view single illnesses alone. This study aimed to explore the content of individuals' multimorbid representations and how these relate to their coping behaviours and self-management strategies for cancer and anxiety/depression. DESIGN: A semi-structured qualitative research design with theoretical thematic analysis...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508283/young-adults-self-derive-and-retain-new-factual-knowledge-through-memory-integration
#16
Nicole L Varga, Patricia J Bauer
The present research investigated the retention of new factual knowledge derived through integration of information acquired across temporally distributed learning episodes. Young adults were exposed to novel facts as they read long lists of seemingly unrelated information, one sentence at a time. They then were presented open-ended questions, the answers to which could be self-derived through integration of pairs of facts from the list. Experiment 1 was the first test of self-derivation of new factual knowledge through integration in adults using open-ended testing (as opposed to forced-choice testing)...
May 15, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506416/advancement-of-thyroid-surgery-video-recording-a-comparison-between-two-full-hd-head-mounted-video-cameras
#17
Andrea Ortensi, Andrea Panunzi, Silvia Trombetta, Alberto Cattaneo, Salvatore Sorrenti, Valerio D'Orazi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test two different video cameras and recording systems used in thyroid surgery in our Department. This is meant to be an attempt to record the real point of view of the magnified vision of surgeon, so as to make the viewer aware of the difference with the naked eye vision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we recorded and compared twenty thyroidectomies performed using loupes magnification and microsurgical technique: ten were recorded with GoPro(®) 4 Session action cam (commercially available) and ten with our new prototype of head mounted video camera...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506379/pharmacist-initiated-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-in-a-community-pharmacy-to-increase-awareness-and-link-to-care-at-the-medical-center
#18
Nadine Y Isho, Marlowe Djuric Kachlic, Jennifer Chan Marcelo, Michelle T Martin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design and implementation of a pharmacist-led hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and education program in a community pharmacy with a protocol for linkage to care at the affiliated hepatology clinic for patients born between 1945 and 1965. SETTING: Outpatient pharmacy affiliated with the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The community pharmacist resident conducted the HCV screening at the health system-based community pharmacy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506371/hepatitis-e-virus-and-the-liver-clinical-settings-and-liver-pathology
#19
REVIEW
Daniela Lenggenhager, Achim Weber
Infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a leading cause of acute hepatitis worldwide, now increasingly recognized also in nonendemic regions. Clinical manifestation of hepatitis E includes mostly asymptomatic/subclinical presentations or acute, self-limiting hepatitis, but also potentially fatal liver failure or chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised individuals. Accordingly, hepatitis E histolpathologic patterns range from an unremarkable histology over acute (cholestatic) hepatitis with variable degree of necrosis to chronic hepatitis with fibrosis...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505385/professional-burnout-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-physical-health-in-clinical-and-counselling-psychology-trainees
#20
April Kaeding, Christina Sougleris, Corinne Reid, Michiel F van Vreeswijk, Christopher Hayes, Jill Dorrian, Susan Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the personal factors that increase vulnerability to job-related stress and burnout among psychologists in training. This study was based on a large international sample and aimed to explore the role of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) in predicting vulnerability to burnout, as well as attendant effects on short-term physical health, in clinical and counseling postgraduate psychology trainees. METHOD: An online, quantitative, cross-sectional survey method design was used to collect self-report data that measured burnout, EMS, and physical health from 1,297 trainees...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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