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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922583/reluctant-entrepreneurs-musicians-and-entrepreneurship-in-the-new-music-industry
#1
Jo Haynes, Lee Marshall
Changing labour conditions in the creative industries - with celebrations of autonomy and entrepreneurialism intertwined with increasing job insecurity, portfolio careers and short-term, project-based contracts - are often interpreted as heralding changes to employment relations more broadly. The position of musicians' labour in relation to these changes is unclear, however, given that these kinds of conditions have defined musicians' working practices over much longer periods of time (though they may have intensified due to well-documented changes to the music industry brought about by digitization and disintermediation)...
September 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922321/-patient-reported-outcomes-following-breast-conservation-therapy-and-barriers-to-referral-for-partial-breast-reconstruction
#2
Sebastian Q Vrouwe, Ron B Somogyi, Laura Snell, Catherine McMillan, Danny Vesprini, Joan E Lipa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-reported aesthetic outcome of breast conservation therapy (BCT) in a generalized sample of patients, and to describe potential barriers to referral for partial breast reconstruction. METHODS: Consecutive BCT patients completing radiotherapy over a one-year period at a regional cancer centre were identified. Eligible patients were contacted via mail/email and invited to participate. Participants completed the BREAST-Q BCT module along with a questionnaire examining feelings about breast reconstruction...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922294/health-professionals-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-end-of-life-care
#3
Juan P Linzitto, Gladys Grance
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Palliative care professionals are frequently exposed to stressful and demanding situations in the assistance of patients and their families, therefore research related to their quality of life is a relevant topic to provide evidence on interventions oriented to professional self-care. RECENT FINDINGS: Research about professionals' quality of life is having a profuse development with core concepts being under review. SUMMARY: Currently, burnout syndrome and compassion fatigue are considered relevant determinants of professionals' quality of life...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922195/dispositional-mindful-attention-in-relation-to-negative-affect-tobacco-withdrawal-and-expired-carbon-monoxide-on-and-after-quit-day
#4
Daniel J Paulus, Kirsten J Langdon, David W Wetter, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness (or "Mindful Attention") has been described as the presence or absence of attention to, and awareness of, what is occurring in the present moment. Among smokers, greater mindfulness is associated with greater effect stability and reduced cue-induced craving. While studies have shown that mindfulness is associated with other smoking-related factors such as reduced withdrawal symptoms using cross-sectional data, relatively little is known about the associations between baseline mindful attention and future abstinence-related effect/withdrawal...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922062/online-educational-tool-to-promote-bone-health-in-cancer-survivors
#5
Jude K A des Bordes, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Robert J Volk, Huifang Lu, Beatrice Edwards, Maria A Lopez-Olivo
Osteoporosis burden is significant in cancer survivors. Websites providing health information abound, but their development, quality, and source of information remain unclear. Our aim was to use a systematic and transparent approach to create an educational website on bone health, and to evaluate its potential to improve knowledge, self-management, and awareness in prostate cancer (PCa) and breast cancer (BCa) survivors. Guided by the Health Belief Model, we created a website using international standards and evaluated it in 10 PCa and 10 BCa survivors with self-administered questionnaire before, after, and 1 month after navigating the website...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921866/autophagy-and-cancer-insights-from-mouse-models
#6
REVIEW
Laura Mainz, Mathias T Rosenfeldt
(Macro-)autophagy is an evolutionary conserved "self-digestion program" that serves to maintain cellular metabolism and is implicated in many pathological processes such as cancer. In recent years, an increasing number of studies in murine cancer models have provided a plethora of sometimes conflicting results about the role of autophagy in cancer biology. This review summarises these studies and raises awareness that there are situations in which autophagy blockage might indeed reduce tumor growth, but that sometimes the exact opposite is the case...
September 16, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919021/developing-the-tissue-viability-seating-guidelines
#7
Melanie Stephens, Carol Bartley, Ria Betteridge, Ray Samuriwo
BACKGROUND: Costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly with limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers. At the request of the UK Tissue Viability Society the aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918829/awareness-of-individual-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-self-perception-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-women
#8
Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Tai Pham, Nicole Karam, Laurence Amar, Corinne Chicheportiche-Ayache, Philippe Menasché, Michel Desnos, Paul Dardel, Isabelle Weill
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) self-perception by women may be inaccurate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed anonymously Online by women who self-reported their personal CVRF levels including age, weight, contraceptive use, menopausal status, smoking, diet and physical activities. Self-perceived risk was matched to actual cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham score. RESULTS: Among 5,240 young and middle-aged women with a high educational level, knowledge of personal CVRFs increased with age, from 51-90% for blood pressure (BP), 22-45% for blood glucose and 15-47% for blood cholesterol levels, between 30 and 65 years, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#9
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917134/the-development-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-fremantle-back-awareness-questionnaire
#10
Lotte Janssens, Nina Goossens, Benedict M Wand, Madelon Pijnenburg, Tinne Thys, Simon Brumagne
BACKGROUND: Disturbed body perception may play a role in the aetiology of chronic low back pain (LBP). The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) is currently the only self-report questionnaire to assess back-specific body perception in individuals with LBP. OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the FreBAQ into Dutch. DESIGN: Psychometric study. METHODS: A Dutch version of the FreBAQ was generated through forward-backward translation, and was completed by 73 patients with LBP and 73 controls to assess discriminant validity...
September 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915870/descriptors-for-unprofessional-behaviours-of-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-categorisation
#11
Marianne Mak-van der Vossen, Walther van Mook, Stéphanie van der Burgt, Joyce Kors, Johannes C F Ket, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: Developing professionalism is a core task in medical education. Unfortunately, it has remained difficult for educators to identify medical students' unprofessionalism, because, among other reasons, there are no commonly adopted descriptors that can be used to document students' unprofessional behaviour. This study aimed to generate an overview of descriptors for unprofessional behaviour based on research evidence of real-life unprofessional behaviours of medical students. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted searching PubMed, Ebsco/ERIC, Ebsco/PsycINFO and Embase...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915244/metacognitive-monitoring-and-control-in-visual-change-detection-implications-for-situation-awareness-and-cognitive-control
#12
Ken I McAnally, Adam P Morris, Christopher Best
Metacognitive monitoring and control of situation awareness (SA) are important for a range of safety-critical roles (e.g., air traffic control, military command and control). We examined the factors affecting these processes using a visual change detection task that included representative tactical displays. SA was assessed by asking novice observers to detect changes to a tactical display. Metacognitive monitoring was assessed by asking observers to estimate the probability that they would correctly detect a change, either after study of the display and before the change (judgement of learning; JOL) or after the change and detection response (judgement of performance; JOP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915111/the-effect-of-group-counseling-based-on-self-awareness-skill-on-sexual-risk-taking-among-girl-students-in-gorgan-iran-a-randomized-trial
#13
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914233/lessons-from-two-cases-of-radiation-induced-skin-injuries-in-fluoroscopic-procedures-in-bulgaria
#14
Desislava Kostova-Lefterova, Jenia Vassileva, M M Rehani
Radiation-induced injuries to patient skin as a result of fluoroscopy guided interventional procedures are infrequently reported, often misdiagnosed and there is a need to learn lessons from every injury. Methods: This paper describes two cases of radiation induced skin injuries that are, to the best of our knowledge, the first ever reported cases from Bulgaria and possibly from Eastern Europe, and would thus have educational value. Results: The important messages from the skin injuries reported here are: lack of awareness among part of the interventional specialists about the potential for radiation induced skin injury, misdiagnosis after injury happened because of lack of awareness and knowledge among general physicians, dermatologists and surgeons who followed up cases of skin injuries; lack of system to monitor patients with relatively high exposure; important role played by the medical physicist in diagnosing the injury and overall in initiating actions; role of training and informational material displayed in interventional facilities...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914221/-the-default-setting-of-memory-is-forgetting
#15
D Draaisma
From the age of about 60, many people begin to experience difficulties with tasks that require the use of prospective memory and begin to have trouble finding words and names. Worried that these symptoms may be indicative of the onset of Alzheimer's disease, many of them fill in online self-tests or consult their family doctor. In the vast majority of cases, symptoms like these indicate completely natural age-related forgetfulness. Physicians should encourage a socially active lifestyle to slow down further decline...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914115/knowledge-attitudes-and-perspective-on-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-in-a-public-sector-hospital-in-south-africa-baseline-analysis
#16
Antionette Terblanche, Johanna Catharina Meyer, Brian Godman, Robert Stanley Summers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can cause significant harm in patients; however, ADRs are under-reported in many countries, including South Africa, where evidence of a pharmacovigilance (PV) system to monitor and manage ADRs is a requirement for compliance with norms and standards for quality healthcare delivery. We conducted an analysis amongst health care professionals (HCPs) at Sebokeng Hospital to assess the situation there. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire, targeting all medical practitioners, nurses, pharmacists and pharmacist assistants in the hospital...
September 15, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913911/older-adults-awareness-of-deprescribing-a-population-based-survey
#17
Justin P Turner, Cara Tannenbaum
OBJECTIVES: To determine older adults' awareness of the concept of medication-induced harm and their familiarity with the term "deprescribing." Secondary objectives were to ascertain determinants of self-initiated deprescribing conversations and to identify how older adults seek information on medication harms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based household telephone survey using random-digit dialling. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older (N = 2,665; n = 898 men, n = 1,767 women, mean age 74...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913882/reducing-disparities-in-cancer-screening-and-prevention-through-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-with-local-libraries-a-comprehensive-dynamic-trial
#18
Bruce D Rapkin, Elisa Weiss, David Lounsbury, Tamara Michel, Alexis Gordon, Jennifer Erb-Downward, Eilleen Sabino-Laughlin, Alison Carpenter, Carolyn E Schwartz, Linda Bulone, Margaret Kemeny
Reduction of cancer-related disparities requires strategies that link medically underserved communities to preventive care. In this community-based participatory research project, a public library system brought together stakeholders to plan and undertake programs to address cancer screening and risk behavior. This study was implemented over 48 months in 20 large urban neighborhoods, selected to reach diverse communities disconnected from care. In each neighborhood, Cancer Action Councils were organized to conduct a comprehensive dynamic trial, an iterative process of program planning, implementation and evaluation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911803/sensory-overload-and-imbalance-resting-state-vestibular-connectivity-in-ptsd-and-its-dissociative-subtype
#19
Sherain Harricharan, Andrew A Nicholson, Maria Densmore, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Richard W J Neufeld, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: The vestibular system integrates multisensory information to monitor one's bodily orientation in space, and is influenced by interoceptive awareness. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves typically alterations in interoceptive and bodily self-awareness evidenced by symptoms of hyperarousal, as well as of emotional detachment, including emotional numbing, depersonalization, and derealization. These alterations may disrupt vestibular multisensory integration between the brainstem (vestibular nuclei) and key vestibular cortical regions (parieto-insular vestibular cortex, prefrontal cortex)...
September 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910936/-current-status-and-change-trend-of-violence-against-children-in-china-from-2006-to-2015-an-analysis-on-data-from-national-injury-surveillance-system
#20
L Yang, X Gao, Y Jin, P P Ye, Y Wang, X Deng, Y L Er, T Shen, L L Duan
Objective: To understand the current status and change trend of violence against children in China and provide evidence for the risk factor and intervention priority identifications and intervention strategy development. Methods: The data of National Injury Surveillance System (NISS) from 2006 to 2015 were used to analyze the change in outpatient visit due to violence against children, injury cases'demographic characteristics, incidence of injury and clinical outcomes of injury cases. Results: A total of 44 319 injury cases caused by violence against children were reported through NISS during this period...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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