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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817709/assessment-of-physicians-awareness-and-knowledge-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-saudi-arabia-is-there-a-gap
#1
Mohammed Ali Batais, Turky H Almigbal, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Hani B Altaradi, Khalid F AlHabib
BACKGROUND: The scarcity of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) cases reported in Saudi Arabia might be indicative of a lack of awareness of this common genetic disease among physicians. OBJECTIVE: To assess physicians' awareness, practice, and knowledge of FH in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among physicians at four tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between March 2016 and May 2016 using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817496/lived-experiences-of-muscle-tightness-symptoms-from-patients-perspectives
#2
Rozina Bhimani, Lisa Carney-Anderson
The aims of this study were to understand symptoms of chronic muscle tightness from the patient's perspective and explore symptom management strategies used by them. Muscle tightness, a common symptom, is a challenge to manage in clinical practice because it is commingled with other orthopedic conditions. Nurses may not be aware of the negative impact of tight muscles because this symptom is presumed to be self-limiting; however, if not treated appropriately, muscle tightness can become chronic. The focus of this study is the lived experience of patients with chronic muscle tightness...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816915/physician-awareness-of-developmental-screening-and-referral-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#3
Hollie Hix-Small, Khaled Alkherainej
OBJECTIVE: In the State of Kuwait, family physicians and pediatricians are responsible for identifying and referring children at risk of disability. The aims of this study were to better understand physician (1) use of developmental screening instruments, (2) referral practices for children at risk of developmental disability, (3) interpretation of screening results, and (4) anticipatory guidance topics prioritized over child screening. METHODS: A nonprobability volunteer, self-selection sample of family physicians, general practitioners, and pediatricians (n = 398) completed a 60-item paper questionnaire...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815025/oesophageal-candidiasis-and-squamous-cell-cancer-in-patients-with-gain-of-function-stat1-gene-mutation
#4
Sara Koo, Deepak Kejariwal, Tariq Al-Shehri, Anjan Dhar, Desa Lilic
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal candidiasis is a common, usually self-limiting opportunistic infection, but long-term infection with Candida is known to predispose to oral and oesophageal squamous cell cancer (SCC). Permissive factors that lead to immune deficiencies can underlie persistent or recurring candidiasis, called chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC). Secondary immune deficiencies are most often due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, antibiotic use and immunosuppressive treatment (steroids, chemotherapy)...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#5
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811493/fragile-temporal-prediction-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-is-related-to-minimal-self-disorders
#6
Brice Martin, Nicolas Franck, Michel Cermolacce, Agnès Falco, Anabel Benair, Estelle Etienne, Sébastien Weibel, Jennifer T Coull, Anne Giersch
Patients with schizophrenia have difficulty in making sensory predictions, in the time domain, which have been proposed to be related to self-disorders. However experimental evidence is lacking. We examined both voluntary and automatic forms of temporal prediction in 28 patients and 24 matched controls. A visual cue predicted (temporal cue) or not (neutral cue) the time (400 ms/1000 ms) at which a subsequent target was presented. In both patients and controls, RTs were faster for targets presented after long versus short intervals due to the temporal predictability inherent in the elapse of time ("hazard function")...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810980/risk-factors-for-rhabdomyolysis-in-the-u-s-army
#7
Owen T Hill, Dennis E Scofield, Jenna Usedom, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Craig McKinnon, Paul Kwon, Timothy Haley, Robert Carter
The standardized mortality rate of rhabdomyolysis (RM) in Active Duty U.S. Army Soldiers is considerably higher than in the civilian population. RM occurs when large amounts of intracellular contents from damaged skeletal muscle escape into circulation, leading to serious sequelae (e.g., acute renal failure, hyperkalemia, compartment syndrome). Extended physical exertion, especially in hot environments, and trauma can precipitate RM. The aim of this study was to identify RM risk factors among U.S. Active Duty Army (ADA) Soldiers...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810894/chikungunya-an-emerging-viral-infection-with-varied-clinical-presentations-in-bangladesh-reports-of-seven-cases
#8
Muhammad Abdur Rahim, Khwaja Nazim Uddin
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an emerging and rapidly spreading viral infection in many parts of the world including Bangladesh. It shares many epidemiological and clinical characteristics with dengue. So, a sound knowledge is required for its detection and differentiation from dengue, specially in endemic regions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present seven confirmed cases of chikungunya having different clinical presentations occurring among middle aged males and females from different socio-economic background in Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh...
August 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810469/psychological-factors-and-self-rated-health-an-observative-study-on-cardiological-patients
#9
Claudia Chiavarino, Chiara Poggio, Franco Rusconi, Anna Angela Rachele Beretta, Stefano Aglieri
This study investigated the association of illness representations, awareness of bodily states and health complaints to self-rated health in N = 150 consecutive patients with heart disease (ischaemic disease, heart failure and heart valve disease) and explored differences between 'health optimist' and 'health pessimist' patients. After controlling for medical variables, health complaints accounted for 14.2 per cent of patients' self-rated health, and illness representations contributed for another 16...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810435/the-impact-of-breast-cancer-awareness-interventions-on-breast-screening-uptake-among-women-in-the-united-kingdom-a-systematic-review
#10
Natasha Anastasi, Joanne Lusher
The impact of breast screening awareness campaigns on mammography attendance among British women was explored. British Nursing Index, Medline, PsycINFO, Embase and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health were searched between October 2012 and February 2013. Searches identified research on breast cancer awareness interventions and breast self-examination. In total, 867 articles were identified and 14 met criteria for review. Breast cancer awareness interventions were found to increase the uptake of breast self-examination behaviours and increase the likelihood of breast cancer screening attendance...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#11
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808894/breast-density-awareness-and-knowledge-and-intentions-for-breast-cancer-screening-in-a-diverse-sample-of-women-age-eligible-for-mammography
#12
Marimer Santiago-Rivas, Shayna Benjamin, Janna Z Andrews, Lina Jandorf
The objectives of this study were to assess breast density knowledge and breast density awareness, and to identify information associated with intention to complete routine and supplemental screening for breast cancer in a diverse sample of women age eligible for mammography. We quantitatively (self-report) assessed breast density awareness and knowledge (N = 264) in black (47.7%), Latina (35.2%), and white (17%) women recruited online and in the community. Most participants reported having heard about breast density (69...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807554/grassroots-technological-resistance-the-people-s-power-project-and-the-impossible-dream-of-wireless-transmission-of-energy
#13
Pete Schmidt
In 1972, the Minnesota United Power Association (UPA) teamed up with the Minnesota Cooperative Power Association (CPA) to initiate an electrification project designed to bring power from North Dakota to the Twin Cities area. A significant backlash and protest began once farmers across the state became aware of the plan and the potential impending land seizure. In the midst of these actions, one group sought to create an alternative to the power line transmission system by designing a system of wireless energy transmission based on the plans of Nikola Tesla...
August 11, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806707/deviant-functional-activation-and-connectivity-of-the-right-insula-are-associated-with-lack-of-awareness-of-episodic-memory-impairment-in-nonamnesic-alcoholism
#14
Anne-Pascale Le Berre, Eva M Müller-Oehring, Tilman Schulte, Matthew R Serventi, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Edith V Sullivan
A disorder of metamemory, expressed as unawareness of mnemonic ability, is typically associated with the profound amnesia of Korsakoff's Syndrome (KS). A similar but less severe type of limited awareness can also occur in non-KS alcoholism and is observed as an impairment in generating Feeling-of-Knowing (FOK) predictions about future recognition performance. We previously found that FOK accuracy was selectively related to volumes of the insula in alcoholics involved in the present study. Unknown, however, are the neural substrates of unawareness of memory impairment in alcoholism...
July 25, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806278/ce-original-research-the-experience-of-transitioning-to-a-caregiving-role-for-a-family-member-with-alzheimer-s-disease-or-related-dementia
#15
Kathleen Czekanski
Study findings suggest several areas for further research. ABSTRACT: Background: Alzheimer's disease is a chronic, debilitating disease that currently affects an estimated 5.5 million Americans. The majority are being cared for at home by family caregivers, who are known to have higher levels of burden than any other group of caregivers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of people who transition to the role of caregiver for a family member with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805580/tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-clinical-spectrum-beyond-tics
#16
Davide Martino, Christos Ganos, Tamara M Pringsheim
The clinical surveillance and active management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other primary chronic tic disorders cannot be limited to tics, as these patients manifest a spectrum of sensory-, behavioral-, cognitive-, and sleep-related problems that have a major impact on their functioning and quality of life, influencing enormously clinical decision making on a routine basis. The sensory phenomena of primary tic disorders consist of premonitory urges and heightened sensitivity to external somatosensory and interoceptive stimuli...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805570/swallowing-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Janine A Simons
Dysphagia is a very frequent and highly relevant symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) for quality of life, morbidity, and remaining lifetime, which is unfortunately widely underdiagnosed and underestimated regarding patients' centered care. Especially in early stages, the causal association between disease and swallowing disabilities remains unnoticed, which may be accounted for by the inability of caregivers and physicians to detect subtle swallowing problems and by the low self-awareness among PD patients...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805534/health-behaviors-related-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-the-associated-factors-of-adolescent-korean-girls
#18
SoMi Park, ChaeWeon Chung
In this cross-sectional study, we examined the relationships among knowledge about endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), recognition of EDCs-related female reproductive illnesses, concern for the environment, perceived susceptibility to EDCs-related diseases, self- appraisal of exposure to EDCs and health behaviors related to EDCs in adolescent Korean girls. A convenience sample of 218 girls was recruited during July and August 2015 from middle and high schools located in a city in Korea. The self-administered questionnaire incorporated four characteristics of the participants, five related factors, and a dependent variable of health behaviors...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805412/factors-impacting-rural-pacific-island-veterans-access-to-care-a-qualitative-examination
#19
Julia M Whealin, Dawna Nelson, Michelle M Kawasaki, Michael A Mahoney
Pacific Island veterans suffer from greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared with Caucasian veterans but face substantial barriers to mental health care. However, the factors that may dissuade or facilitate veterans in the Pacific Islands from seeking mental health care are not known. The main aim of this study was to identify how internal and external factors interact to impact wounded warriors' access to and use of mental health services. Veterans residing in 5 rural Pacific Island locations were mailed recruitment materials...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805082/veterans-transitioning-from-isolation-to-integration-a-look-at-veteran-service-dog-partnerships
#20
Terry K Crowe, Victoria Sánchez, Alyse Howard, Brenna Western, Stephanie Barger
BACKGROUND: This study explored the dynamics of veteran/service dog partnerships by gathering the perspectives of veterans with a history of post-traumatic stress disorder and/or traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Exploratory qualitative methods (focus groups and individual interviews) were used to investigate veteran/service dog relationships related to community involvement, family and friend relationships, self-care, work, and leisure. Nine male veterans, Paws, and Stripes program graduates participated...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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