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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637141/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-probation-services
#1
Conall O'Rourke, Mark A Linden, Maria Lohan
PURPOSE: The prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among offender populations is significantly higher than among the general population. Despite this, no study has yet assessed the knowledge of members of the probation service surrounding TBI. METHOD: Knowledge was assessed among members of the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) using a cross-sectional online version of the Common Misconceptions about TBI (CM-TBI) questionnaire. Mean total misconception scores, along with scores on four subdomains (recovery, sequelae, insight, and hidden injury) were calculated...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636426/comparison-of-knowledge-perception-and-attitudes-of-concussion-in-previously-concussed-versus-non-concussed-youth-soccer-players
#2
Caitlyn N Myrdal, Shuang Huang, Holly N Beach, Anna L Waterbrook
OBJECTIVE: To examine if history of concussion is correlated with a difference in knowledge, attitude, and perception of concussive injuries in youth soccer players. METHODS: A convenience sample of youth soccer athletes aged 14 to 18 years completed a survey assessing prior history of concussive injury, knowledge of concussive injury, self-reporting attitudes, and perception of the injury. The survey consists of 16 knowledge questions (eleven on a scale of 1-2, and five on a scale of 1-4) and 12 attitude questions (seven on a scale of 1-4, and five on a scale of 1-5)...
June 21, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635534/exploring-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-pmdd-in-the-work-context-a-qualitative-study
#3
Claire Hardy, Jenna Hardie
This study aims to explore women's experience of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in the workplace, and identify if organizations can do anything to help. Analysis of 15 semi-structured interviews, using an inductive thematic analysis approach, revealed the most common symptoms women experience at work include difficulty in concentrating, self-doubt, paranoia, fatigue, tearfulness, a heightened sensitivity to the environment and people, outbursts, and finding social interaction particularly difficult during this premenstrual "episode" phase...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635434/mental-health-professionals-and-media-professionals-a-survey-of-attitudes-towards-one-another
#4
Beth Chapman, Rohit Shankar, Joanne Palmer, Richard Laugharne
BACKGROUND: The general public regard mass media as their main source of information about mental illness. Psychiatrists are reluctant to engage with the media. There is little understanding of why this is the case. AIMS: The paper looks to explore attitudes of mental health clinicians and the media towards one another. METHOD: Media and mental health clinicians in the southwest of England completed self-report surveys. RESULTS: Of 119 questionnaires returned 85 were mental health clinicians and 34 media professionals...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#5
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633023/the-insular-cortex
#6
Nadine Gogolla
Whether you see the person you are in love with, try to listen to your own heartbeat, suffer from a headache, or crave for a chocolate cookie, one part of your brain is sure to increase its activity strongly: the insular cortex. The insular cortex, or 'insula' for short, is part of the cerebral cortex. J.C. Reil, a German neurologist, first named this brain structure in the early 19(th) century. Subsequent research findings have implicated the insula in an overwhelming variety of functions ranging from sensory processing to representing feelings and emotions, autonomical and motor control, risk prediction and decision-making, bodily- and self-awareness, and complex social functions like empathy...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632770/men-women%C3%A2-who-cares-a-population-based-study-on-sex-differences-and-gender-roles-in-empathy-and-moral-cognition
#7
Sandra Baez, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Adolfo M García, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Research on sex differences in empathy has revealed mixed findings. Whereas experimental and neuropsychological measures show no consistent sex effect, self-report data consistently indicates greater empathy in women. However, available results mainly come from separate populations with relatively small samples, which may inflate effect sizes and hinder comparability between both empirical corpora. To elucidate the issue, we conducted two large-scale studies. First, we examined whether sex differences emerge in a large population-based sample (n = 10,802) when empathy is measured with an experimental empathy-for-pain paradigm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632575/clinical-profile-etiology-and-outcome-of-infantile-ocular-trauma-a-developing-country-perspective
#8
Vedang D Shah, Madhu Uddaraju, Amitabh Singh, Rashmi Ranjan Das
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to study the clinical profile, etiology, and outcome of infantile ocular trauma in a developing country setting. METHODS: A retrospective study on corneal trauma in infants (≤12 months old) was undertaken in a tertiary care hospital during a 2-year period. An analysis of clinical profile, etiology, microbiological profile, clinical course, and outcome was studied. RESULTS: Seventy-six infants were included...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#9
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#10
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631760/-astronauts-asteroids-and-the-universe-of-antithrombotic-therapies-in-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#11
Leonardo De Luca, Antonino Granatelli
A sensation of self-awareness on the relativity of our certainties comes over looking to the huge amount of data on antithrombotic therapies assessed in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). This sensation can be compared to the so-called "overview effect", a cognitive shift in awareness reported by some astronauts during spaceflight, often while viewing the Earth from orbit. In this review we will mention drugs floated like meteors in the Universe of STEMI treatment and we will discuss the body of evidence on oral and intravenous antithrombotic therapies for patients undergoing pPCI...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630770/knowledge-on-irradiation-medical-imaging-prescriptions-and-clinical-imaging-referral-guidelines-among-physicians-in-a-sub-saharan-african-country-cameroon
#12
Boniface Moifo, Ulrich Tene, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Odette Samba Ngano, Justine Tchemtchoua Youta, Augustin Simo, Joseph Gonsu Fotsin
BACKGROUND: Clinical imaging guidelines (CIGs) are suitable tools to enhance justification of imaging procedures. OBJECTIVE: To assess physicians' knowledge on irradiation, their self-perception of imaging prescriptions, and the use of CIGs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 21 items was self-administered between July and August 2016 to 155 referring physicians working in seven university-affiliated hospitals in Yaoundé and Douala (Cameroon)...
2017: Radiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629488/supporting-in-an-existential-crisis-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-training-model-in-palliative-care
#13
Lisa Sand, Mariann Olsson, Peter Strang
BACKGROUND: Palliative care staff often report that they lack the skills and confidence to provide support during an existential crisis. Consequently, there is a definite need for a training program in this area. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate whether a training model could give palliative care staff increased knowledge, awareness, and preparedness-all useful tools for providing support. METHODS: A mixed-methods research design was used...
June 20, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628149/-present-situation-of-awareness-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids-knowledge-and-aids-related-behaviors-among-youth-students-in-gay-dating-sites
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the awareness of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and AIDS-related behaviors among youth students in gay dating sites, and to provide evidences for AIDS prevention education through the internet. METHODS: The students in gay dating sites, selected by a snowball sampling, were interviewed by questionnaires. Chi-square tests were used to analyze the awareness of AIDS knowledge among the students of different characteristics...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628148/-changes-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-related-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-their-influencing-factors-among-college-students-in-beijing
#15
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To compare acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and their influencing factors among college students in different years in Beijing, and to provide evidence for targeted health education among college students in future. METHODS: College students were selected by the stratified cluster sampling method, and a questionnaire survey was conducted among college students in year 2006 and 2016 in Beijing. The sample sizes were 1 800 and 3 001 college students, respectively...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#16
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627914/group-motivational-interviewing-for-homeless-young-adults-associations-of-change-talk-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior
#17
Elizabeth J D'Amico, Jon M Houck, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Eric R Pedersen
Homeless young adults exhibit high rates of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and sexual risk behaviors. This study is a secondary analysis of data collected in a randomized clinical trial of AWARE, a new 4 session group motivational interviewing intervention. AWARE mainly focused on alcohol use and sexual risk behavior given focus group feedback. We used sequential coding to analyze how the group process affected both AOD use and sexual risk behavior at 3-month follow up among homeless young adults by examining facilitator behavior and participant change talk (CT) and sustain talk (ST)...
June 19, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627905/mind-wandering-in-healthy-aging-and-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Mate Gyurkovics, David A Balota, Jonathan D Jackson
OBJECTIVE: The frequency of mind-wandering (MW) decreases as a function of age in healthy individuals. One possible explanation is that MW is a resource-dependent process, and cognitive resources decline with age. The present study provides the first investigation of MW in the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to further examine the resource model and discontinuities between healthy aging and AD. METHOD: Three large cohorts completed the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART): a healthy middle-aged group (mean age = 61...
June 19, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627232/development-and-validation-of-the-self-awareness-of-falls-in-elderly-scale-among-elderly-inpatients
#19
Meei-Ling Shyu, Hui-Chuan Huang, Mei-Jung Wu, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The objectives of this study were to develop the Self-Awareness of Falls in Elderly (SAFE) scale and test its reliability and validity among elderly inpatients. A cross-sectional study design and convenience sampling were used to test the validity and reliability of the SAFE scale. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis yielded an acceptable goodness of model fit, confirming the 21 items in the SAFE scale that were distributed among four factors: awareness of activity safety and environment, awareness of physical functions, awareness of medication, and awareness of cognitive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627082/dependence-and-resistance-in-community-psychiatric-health-care-negotiations-of-user-participation-between-staff-and-users
#20
Ingrid Femdal, Ingrid Ruud Knutsen
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of user participation is considered important in today's mental health care. Research shows, however, that user participation lacks clarity and provokes uncertainty regarding shifting roles. AIM: To investigate negotiation of user participation in a micro-study of interplay between users and health professionals in community mental health care METHOD: This qualitative study is based on semi-structured in-depth interviews, involving ten service users and ten professionals in community mental health care in Norway...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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