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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334522/themes-in-literature-related-to-incidence-risk-and-prevention-of-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplantation-recipients-on-immunosuppressive-therapy
#1
Stefanie L Rashti
BACKGROUND: Solid-organ transplants provide a second chance to thousands of critically ill patients with end-organ failure each year. Immunosuppressants are administered to patients to prevent graft rejection of a transplanted organ, such as a heart, kidney, or liver, while placing the recipient at greater risk for infection and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The literature provides evidence of various cancers that have been found to develop in patients' posttransplantation...
January 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334297/perceptions-of-older-people-s-oral-health-care-among-nurses-working-in-geriatric-home-care
#2
Taru Aro, Marjo Laitala, Anna-Maija Syrjälä, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates nurses' self-reported experiences and perceptions of older people's oral health care using a qualitative method. METHODS: We interviewed 10 nurses working in geriatric home care who regularly visit and take care of older people in their homes. The interviews consisted of semi-structured questions. The interviews were then transcribed and analysed. RESULTS: All nurses were aware of the connection between oral health and general health, but more detailed knowledge about oral health was lacking and confidence in oral health care practices was limited...
January 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333898/the-physical-health-of-individuals-receiving-antipsychotic-medication-a-qualitative-inquiry-on-experiences-and-needs
#3
Angela M Cocoman, Mary Casey
Individuals with a mental illness are reported to have a reduced life expectancy and a greater risk of being affected by preventable physical illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes. This inquiry sought to identify the physical health beliefs, experiences and needs of individuals with mental health problems in receipt of antipsychotic medication who live in the community. A qualitative inquiry was undertaken using three focus groups in a community mental health service in Ireland with 21 participants with mental health problems who were treated with antipsychotic medication...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332647/social-support-a-key-factor-for-adherence-to-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment
#4
R D Deshmukh, D J Dhande, K S Sachdeva, A N Sreenivas, A M V Kumar, M Parmar
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is emerging as a major public health problem globally. Treatment success rates in MDR-TB across the globe are not encouraging as completing MDR-TB treatment successfully is challenging due to high proportion of lost to follow up. METHODS: Using qualitative methods and grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with MDR-TB patients and treatment providers. The social cognitive framework was explored as a way to guide understanding of the factors affecting treatment adherence among MDR-TB patients...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331974/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#5
Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331657/views-of-teenage-children-about-the-effects-of-a-parent-s-mobility-disability
#6
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Cheri A Blauwet, Karen A Kuhlthau
BACKGROUND: Few U.S. studies have explored how children experience a parent's mobility disability and its effects on their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to engage youth ages 13-17 who had at least one parent with mobility disability in describing their perceptions of their parent's disability and its consequences for their daily and family life. METHODS: Participants videoed and photographed their experiences following general guidelines from the researchers about topics of interest...
December 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331051/fecal-incontinence-knowledge-attitudes-and-help-seeking-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-adults-in-korea
#7
Hee-Kyung Joh, Moo-Kyung Seong, Hyun-Jun Ahn
OBJECTIVES: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common debilitating disorder that tends to be underreported. Although low health literacy likely contributes to the underreporting, studies on FI knowledge among the general population remain scarce. We investigated how FI knowledge is associated with attitudes and help-seeking behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among community-dwelling adults undergoing national health screening in Korea. A structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to assess FI knowledge, attitudes, and help-seeking behaviors...
January 13, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330842/self-perceived-long-term-transfer-of-learning-after-postpartum-hemorrhage-simulation-training
#8
Brena C P Melo, Ana R Falbo, Jette Led Sorensen, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Cees van der Vleuten
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term transfer (application of acquired knowledge and skills on the job) after postpartum hemorrhage simulation training based on either instructional design (ID) principles or conventional best practice. METHODS: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews with obstetrics and gynecology healthcare practitioners were conducted between August 7 and September 26, 2015, in Recife, Brazil. The participants were randomly selected from each of two postpartum hemorrhage simulations attended 2 years earlier (one ID and one conventional best practice)...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#9
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330827/profiling-online-poker-players-are-executive-functions-correlated-with-poker-ability-and-problem-gambling
#10
Mauro Schiavella, Matteo Pelagatti, Jerker Westin, Gabriele Lepore, Paolo Cherubini
Poker playing and responsible gambling both entail the use of the executive functions (EF), which are higher-level cognitive abilities. This study investigated if online poker players of different ability showed different performances in their EF and if so, which functions were the most discriminating for their playing ability. Furthermore, it assessed if the EF performance was correlated to the quality of gambling, according to self-reported questionnaires (PGSI, SOGS, GRCS). Three poker experts evaluated anonymized poker hand history files and, then, a trained professional administered an extensive neuropsychological test battery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330759/-autoimmune-reactions-to-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#11
REVIEW
W Pönisch, R Alten, C Baerwald
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have dramatically changed the face of cancer treatment and are gaining in importance. The ICIs have now been approved for the treatment of advanced cancers, including melanoma, non-small-cell and small cell lung cancers, renal cell carcinoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck cancers and urothelial carcinoma and further indications are to be expected. The organs most affected by an autoimmune reaction are the intestines, the musculoskeletal system, skin, endocrine organs, the liver and the lungs...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329063/seasonality-of-depressive-symptoms-in-women-but-not-in-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#12
Laura M Lyall, Cathy A Wyse, Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Breda Cullen, Daniel Mackay, Joey Ward, Nicholas Graham, Rona J Strawbridge, Jason M R Gill, Amy Ferguson, Mark E S Bailey, Jill P Pell, Annie M Curtis, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: We examined whether seasonal variations in depressive symptoms occurred independently of demographic and lifestyle factors, and were related to change in day length and/or outdoor temperature. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis of >150,000 participants of the UK Biobank cohort, we used the cosinor method to assess evidence of seasonality of a total depressive symptoms score and of low mood, anhedonia, tenseness and tiredness scores in women and men...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327603/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-patient-centered-goal-setting-practices-of-allied-health-clinicians-working-in-rehabilitation
#13
Lisa J Cameron, Lisa M Somerville, Catherine E Naismith, Dina Watterson, Valentina Maric, Natasha A Lannin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways clinicians engage rehabilitation patients in patient-centered goal setting and identify factors influencing the goal-setting process. DESIGN: Ethnographic study utilizing observed practice-thematic analysis. SETTING: Four rehabilitation wards of a large metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Participants included 17 rehabilitation patients, 18 allied health clinicians and one family member...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326273/spatial-representations-of-self-and-other-in-the-hippocampus
#14
Teruko Danjo, Taro Toyoizumi, Shigeyoshi Fujisawa
An animal's awareness of its location in space depends on the activity of place cells in the hippocampus. How the brain encodes the spatial position of others has not yet been identified. We investigated neuronal representations of other animals' locations in the dorsal CA1 region of the hippocampus with an observational T-maze task in which one rat was required to observe another rat's trajectory to successfully retrieve a reward. Information reflecting the spatial location of both the self and the other was jointly and discretely encoded by CA1 pyramidal cells in the observer rat...
January 12, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325425/meningitis-vaccination-knowledge-and-awareness-among-ymsm-in-chicago
#15
Gregory Phillips, Amy K Johnson, Christian N Adames, Brian Mustanski
Serogroup C invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) outbreaks in men who have sex with men (MSM) have been occurring with greater frequency in urban areas across the United States. An effective vaccine for IMD is available and is recommended for MSM in outbreak settings. Particular subgroups of MSM have been disproportionately represented in outbreaks, specifically young, Black, and HIV-positive MSM. As little is known about the knowledge, awareness, and vaccination status of young MSM, we sought to describe this and explore racial/ethnic differences...
January 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324960/impact-of-critical-illness-news-on-the-family-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#16
Anabela Pereira Mendes
OBJECTIVE: Understand the impact of critical-illness news on the experience of family members at an Intensive Care Unit. METHOD: Phenomenological approach according to Van Manen's method. Open interviews were held with 21 family members. From analysis and interpretation of the data, three essential themes were identified: the unexpected; the pronouncement of death; and the impact on self-caring within the family. The study complied with the ethical principles inherent to research involving humans...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324506/a-pilot-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-ms-inform-a-self-directed-fatigue-management-resource-for-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Nadine Akbar, Karen Turpin, Julie Petrin, Penny Smyth, Marcia Finlayson
Fatigue management interventions for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) often feature structured programmes requiring repeated, in-person attendance that is not possible for all individuals. We sought to determine whether MS INFoRm, a self-directed fatigue management resource for individuals with MS, was worth further, more rigorous evaluation. Our indicators of worthiness were actual use of the resource by participants over 3 months, reductions in fatigue impact and increases in self-efficacy, and participant reports of changes in fatigue management knowledge and behaviours...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324264/driver-education-enhancing-knowledge-of-sleep-fatigue-and-risky-behaviour-to-improve-decision-making-in-young-drivers
#18
Pasquale K Alvaro, Nicole M Burnett, Gerard A Kennedy, William Yu Xun Min, Marcus McMahon, Maree Barnes, Melinda Jackson, Mark E Howard
This study assessed the impact of an education program on knowledge of sleepiness and driving behaviour in young adult drivers and their performance and behaviour during simulated night driving. Thirty-four participants (18-26 years old) were randomized to receive either a four-week education program about sleep and driving or a control condition. A series of questionnaires were administered to assess knowledge of factors affecting sleep and driving before and after the four-week education program. Participants also completed a two hour driving simulator task at 1am after 17 h of extended wakefulness to assess the impact on driving behaviour...
January 8, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324216/self-reported-cognitive-impairment-across-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-national-health-interview-survey-1997-2015
#19
Huabin Luo, Gary Yu, Bei Wu
INTRODUCTION: The primary objectives of this study were 1) to examine trends of self-reported cognitive impairment among 5 major racial/ethnic groups during 1997-2015 in the United States and 2) to examine differences in the trends across these groups. METHODS: Data were from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The sample consisted of 155,682 people aged 60 or older. Respondents were asked to report whether any family member was "limited in any way because of difficulty remembering or because of experiencing periods of confusion...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320950/reclaim-the-menopause-a-pilot-study-of-an-evidence-based-menopause-course-for-symptom-management-and-resilience-building
#20
Eileen Bellot, Naomi Rouse, Myra S Hunter
Reclaim the Menopause is a community-based menopause course developed by Hands Inc. and supported by Hackney Learning Trust. The course provides evidence-based education, cognitive behaviour therapy and psychosocial support to promote menopause awareness, challenge stigma and increase self-management amongst menopausal women. Ethnicity was an important aspect of the work, as Hands Inc. was keen to reach women who might not otherwise access interventions. All course participants were Black British (as were two of the three facilitators)...
January 1, 2018: Post Reproductive Health
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