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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050032/providing-personalised-nutrition-consumers-trust-and-preferences-regarding-sources-of-information-service-providers-and-regulators-and-communication-channels
#1
Rui Poínhos, Bruno M P M Oliveira, Ivo A van der Lans, Arnout R H Fischer, Aleksandra Berezowska, Audrey Rankin, Sharron Kuznesof, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Lynn J Frewer, Maria D V de Almeida
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Personalised nutrition has potential to revolutionise dietary health promotion if accepted by the general public. We studied trust and preferences regarding personalised nutrition services, how they influence intention to adopt these services, and cultural and social differences therein. METHODS: A total of 9,381 participants were quota-sampled to be representative of each of 9 EU countries (Germany, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, the UK, and Norway) and surveyed by a questionnaire assessing their intention to adopt personalised nutrition, trust in service regulators and information sources, and preferences for service providers and information channels...
October 20, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049920/factors-associated-with-vision-related-quality-of-life-among-the-adult-population-living-in-nagorno-karabagh
#2
T Harutyunyan, A Giloyan, V Petrosyan
OBJECTIVES: Visual impairment and blindness are major public health problems causing significant suffering, disability, loss of productivity, and diminishing quality of life for millions of people. This study explored the factors associated with the overall vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) and its different domains in the adult population of Nagorno Karabakh and assessed the independent contribution of specific eye diseases to VRQoL. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049463/prevalence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-australia-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#3
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible blindness among the elderly population globally. Currently, knowledge of the epidemiology of AMD in Australia remains scarce because of a paucity of recent population-based data. Objective: To examine the prevalence of AMD in Australia. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based, cross-sectional survey performed from March 11, 2015, to April 18, 2016, a sample of 3098 nonindigenous Australians 50 years and older and 1738 indigenous Australians 40 years and older from 30 geographic areas across Australia were examined...
October 12, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049412/measuring-facility-capability-to-provide-routine-and-emergency-childbirth-care-to-mothers-and-newborns-an-appeal-to-adjust-for-delivery-caseload-of-facilities
#4
Stephanie M Allen, Charles Opondo, Oona M R Campbell
BACKGROUND: Measurement of Emergency Obstetric Care capability is common, and measurement of newborn and overall routine childbirth care has begun in recent years. These assessments of facility capabilities can be used to identify geographic inequalities in access to functional health services and to monitor improvements over time. This paper develops an approach for monitoring the childbirth environment that accounts for the delivery caseload of the facility. METHODS: We used data from the Kenya Service Provision Assessment to examine facility capability to provide quality childbirth care, including infrastructure, routine maternal and newborn care, and emergency obstetric and newborn care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049019/mammography-use-in-portugal-national-health-survey-2014
#5
Sofia Chkotua, Bárbara Peleteiro
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the patterns of mammography use and monitoring changes in use are essential to improving national health policy for breast cancer control. We aimed to describe the use of mammography in Portugal and to identify the determinants of its nonuse and underuse by examining data from the National Health Survey 2014. METHODS: We analyzed data on 8,758 women aged 30 years or older. We defined women at an eligible age for mammography as women aged 45 to 69...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048962/integrating-hiv-surveillance-and-field-services-data-quality-and-care-continuum-in-king-county-washington-2010-2015
#6
Julia E Hood, David A Katz, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Julia C Dombrowski, Stephen E Hawes, Matthew R Golden
OBJECTIVES: To assess how integration of HIV surveillance and field services might influence surveillance data and linkage to care metrics. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance and field services data from King County, Washington, to assess potential impact of misclassification of prior diagnoses on numbers of new diagnoses. The relationship between partner services and linkage to care was evaluated with multivariable log-binomial regression models. RESULTS: Of the 2842 people who entered the King County HIV Surveillance System in 2010 to 2015, 52% were newly diagnosed, 41% had a confirmed prior diagnosis in another state, and 7% had an unconfirmed prior diagnosis...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048546/housing-psychosocial-and-adherence-counseling-among-hiv-persons-in-ghana
#7
Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu, Amos K Laar, Eric H Yeboah
As part of providing comprehensive HIV/AIDS services, the Ghana National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) and Ministry of Health recommend that Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) receive psychosocial support and follow-up visits that ensure medical and drug adherence assistance. The successful implementation of these support services requires patients to have stable and quality housing, yet studies that examine associations between housing, psychosocial support, and adherence counseling among PLWHAs in Ghana and sub-Saharan Africa are limited...
October 18, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048355/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-under-five-children-illustration-using-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-survey-2014-data
#8
Ashis Talukder
Child malnutrition remains one of the major public health problems in many parts of the world, especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. Several socioeconomic and demographic factors are responsible for this condition. The present study was conducted to uncover the risk factors associated with malnutrition among under-five children in Bangladesh by analyzing the data from a nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) in 2014. The ordinal dependent variable-child nutrition status (severely malnourished, moderately malnourished, and nourished)-was developed by calculating weight-for-age Z score (WAZ)...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047389/investigating-local-policy-drivers-for-alcohol-harm-prevention-a-comparative-case-study-of-two-local-authorities-in-england
#9
John D Mooney, John Holmes, Lucy Gavens, Frank de Vocht, Matt Hickman, Karen Lock, Alan Brennan
BACKGROUND: The considerable challenges associated with implementing national level alcohol policies have encouraged a renewed focus on the prospects for local-level policies in the UK and elsewhere. We adopted a case study approach to identify the major characteristics and drivers of differences in the patterns of local alcohol policies and services in two contrasting local authority (LA) areas in England. METHODS: Data were collected via thirteen semi-structured interviews with key informants (including public health, licensing and trading standards) and documentary analysis, including harm reduction strategies and statements of licensing policy...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047072/involving-members-of-the-public-in-health-economics-research-insights-from-selecting-health-states-for-valuation-to-estimate-quality-adjusted-life-year-qaly-weights
#10
Elizabeth Goodwin, Kate Boddy, Lynn Tatnell, Annie Hawton
Over recent years, public involvement in health research has expanded considerably. However, public involvement in designing and conducting health economics research is seldom reported. Here we describe the development, delivery and assessment of an approach for involving people in a clearly defined piece of health economics research: selecting health states for valuation in estimating quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). This involvement formed part of a study to develop a condition-specific preference-based measure of health-related quality of life, the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-8D), and the work reported here relates to the identification of plausible, or realistic, health states for valuation...
October 19, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046278/incidence-clinical-management-and-mortality-risk-following-self-harm-among-children-and-adolescents-cohort-study-in-primary-care
#11
Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Jonathan Green, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M Ashcroft
Objectives To examine temporal trends in sex and age specific incidence of self harm in children and adolescents, clinical management patterns, and risk of cause specific mortality following an index self harm episode at a young age.Design Population based cohort study.Setting UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink-electronic health records from 647 general practices, with practice level deprivation measured ecologically using the index of multiple deprivation. Patients from eligible English practices were linked to hospital episode statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality records...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046092/informed-consent-and-the-readability-of-the-written-consent-form
#12
N Sivanadarajah, I El-Daly, G Mamarelis, M Z Sohail, P Bates
Introduction The aim of this study was to objectively ascertain the level of readability of standardised consent forms for orthopaedic procedures. Methods Standardised consent forms (both in summary and detailed formats) endorsed by the British Orthopaedic Association (BOA) were retrieved from orthoconsent.com and assessed for readability. This involved using an online tool to calculate the validated Flesch reading ease score (FRES). This was compared with the FRES for the National Health Service (NHS) Consent Form 1...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046090/is-the-number-of-new-trauma-and-orthopaedic-consultant-posts-increasing-or-decreasing
#13
S Wilson, Npm Jain, D S Johnson
Introduction Trauma and orthopaedics is a popular surgical specialty in the UK. Recent changes to the National Health Service have suggested an imbalance with fewer jobs yet more trainees. Furthermore, subspecialisation is emerging within all surgical disciplines. The aim of this study was to examine whether there were decreasing numbers of trauma and orthopaedic (T&O) consultant appointments in the UK, and to determine the frequency of subspecialisation. Methods All 51 issues of the British Medical Journal (BMJ) careers supplement from the year 2000 were reviewed as well as the 51 issues from 2010...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046089/the-hidden-cost-of-deep-neck-space-infectionsy
#14
R H Hurley, C M Douglas, J Montgomery, L J Clark
Introduction The incidence of deep neck space infection (DNSI) is rising and appears to be related to falling rates of tonsillectomy. The purpose of this study was to assess demographics of patients presenting with DNSI and the financial burden to the National Health Service (NHS). Methods Data were collected retrospectively on patients aged over 16 years admitted to NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde with DNSI between 2012 and 2016. Demographics, aetiology and use of hospital resources were reviewed. The cost of hospital admissions was calculated using data from NHS Scotland's Information Services Division, the local diagnostics division and the British National Formulary...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045851/trends-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-emergency-department-visits-united-states-2006-2013
#15
Kristen Kreisel, Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth Torrone
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease is a female genital tract disorder with severe reproductive sequelae. Due to difficulties in diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease, it is not a reportable condition in many states. Females seeking care in emergency departments are a sentinel population for pelvic inflammatory disease surveillance. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in diagnoses of acute pelvic inflammatory disease in a nationally representative sample of emergency departments...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044897/a-comparison-of-dietary-estimates-from-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-survey-to-food-and-beverage-purchase-data
#16
Emma McMahon, Thomas Wycherley, Kerin O'Dea, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals). METHODS: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance. RESULTS: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043762/food-deserts-in-winnipeg-canada-a-novel-method-for-measuring-a-complex-and-contested-construct
#17
Joyce Slater, Stefan Epp-Koop, Megan Jakilazek, Chris Green
INTRODUCTION: "Food deserts" have emerged over the past 20 years as spaces of concern for communities, public health authorities and researchers because of their potential negative impact on dietary quality and subsequent health outcomes. Food deserts are residential geographic spaces, typically in urban settings, where low-income residents have limited or no access to retail food establishments with sufficient variety at affordable cost. Research on food deserts presents methodological challenges including retail food store identification and classification, identification of low-income populations, and transportation and proximity metrics...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042389/what-s-up-doc-a-national-cross-sectional-study-of-psychological-wellbeing-of-hospital-doctors-in-ireland
#18
Blánaid Hayes, Lucia Prihodova, Gillian Walsh, Frank Doyle, Sally Doherty
OBJECTIVES: To measure levels of psychological distress, psychological wellbeing and self-stigma in hospital doctors in Ireland. DESIGN: National cross-sectional study of randomised sample of hospital doctors. Participants provided sociodemographic data (age, sex, marital status), work grade (consultant, higher/basic specialist trainee), specialty and work hours and completed well-being questionnaires (the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, WHO Well-being Index, General Health Questionnaire) and single-item scales on self-rated health and self-stigma...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042388/is-overseas-volunteering-beneficial-to-the-nhs-the-analysis-of-volunteers-responses-to-a-feedback-questionnaire-following-experiences-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Daniel Yeomans, Grace Le, Hemant Pandit, Chris Lavy
INTRODUCTION: Locally requested and planned overseas volunteering in low-income and middle-income countries by National Health Service (NHS) staff can have benefits for the host or receiving nation, but its impact on the professional development of NHS staff is not proven. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) and Leadership Framework (LF) are two tools used by employers as a measure of individuals' development. We have used dimensions from both tools as a method of evaluating the benefit to NHS doctors who volunteer overseas...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042380/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-and-its-association-with-health-outcomes-in-middle-aged-people-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-ireland
#20
Frank Moriarty, Caitriona Cahir, Kathleen Bennett, Carmel M Hughes, Rose Anne Kenny, Tom Fahey
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in a cohort of community-dwelling middle-aged people and assess the relationship between PIP and emergency department (ED) visits, general practitioner (GP) visits and quality of life (QoL). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), a nationally representative cohort study of ageing. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 45-64 years recruited to TILDA who were eligible for the means-tested General Medical Services scheme and followed up after 2 years...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
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