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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107551/knee-function-among-elite-handball-and-football-players-1-to-6-years-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#1
G Myklebust, R Bahr, A Nilstad, K Steffen
The aim of the study was to describe objective and self-reported knee function for athletes who have returned to elite handball and football play after an ACL injury, comparing these to non-injured players at the same level. A total of 414 handball and 444 football players completed baseline tests from 2007 through 2014, examining lower extremity strength, dynamic balance, knee laxity, and knee function (KOOS questionnaire). Measures were compared between injured and non-injured legs, and between injured legs and legs of controls...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096246/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-is-latency-in-symptom-onset-explained-by-tau-propagation
#2
Joshua Kriegel, Zachary Papadopoulos, Ann C McKee
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative tauopathy associated with repetitive mild brain trauma. CTE, previously termed "dementia pugilistica," has been identified in American football, ice hockey, baseball, rugby and soccer players, boxers, wrestlers, and military personnel exposed to blast and other traumatic brain injuries. There is often a long latency period between an individual's exposure to repetitive brain trauma and the clinical symptoms of CTE. The pathology of CTE is characterized by a progression from isolated focal perivascular hyperphosphorylated tau lesions in the cerebral cortex to a widespread tauopathy that involves diffuse cortical and medial temporal lobe regions...
January 17, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#3
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (Soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
January 18, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095108/the-relationship-between-2d-knee-valgus-angle-during-single-leg-squat-single-leg-land-and-drop-jump-screening-tests
#4
Allan Munro, Lee Herrington, Paul Comfort
CONTEXT: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Patellofemoral Joint (PFJ) injuries are a significant problem among female athletes. A number of screening tasks have been used in the literature to identify those at greatest risk of injury. To date, no study has examined the relationship in two-dimensional (2D) knee valgus between common screening tasks to determine whether individuals exhibit similar movement patterns across tasks. OBJECTIVE: to establish whether frontal plane projection angle (FPPA) during the single leg squat (SLS), single leg land (SLL) and drop jump (DJ) are related...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095082/effect-of-concussion-on-performance-of-national-football-league-players
#5
Nicole Reams, Rodney A Hayward, Jeffrey S Kutcher, James F Burke
PURPOSE: Lingering neurologic injury after concussion may expose athletes to increased risk if return-to-play is premature. We explored whether on-field performance after concussion is a marker of lingering neurologic injury. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study on 1,882 skill-position players who played in the National Football League (NFL) during 2007-2010. Players with concussion based on the weekly injury report, were compared to players with other head and neck injuries (controls) on measures of on-field performance using Football Outsiders' calculation of Defense-Adjusted Yards Above Replacement (DYAR): a measure of a player's contribution controlling for game context...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093636/non-surgical-treatment-of-pubic-overload-and-groin-pain-in-amateur-football-players-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-study
#6
M Schöberl, L Prantl, O Loose, J Zellner, P Angele, F Zeman, M Spreitzer, M Nerlich, W Krutsch
PURPOSE: The incidence of groin pain in athletes is steadily increasing. Symptomatic pubic overload with groin pain and aseptic osteitis pubis represent well-known and frequently misdiagnosed overuse injuries in athletes. This study investigated the benefits of standardised non-surgical treatment for swift return-to-football. METHODS: In a prospective double-blinded controlled study, 143 amateur football players with groin pain as well as radiological signs and clinical symptoms of pubic overload were analysed for 1 year...
January 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093618/mri-assessment-of-calf-injuries-in-australian-football-league-players-findings-that-influence-return-to-play
#7
George Waterworth, Sara Wein, Alexandra Gorelik, Andrew H Rotstein
OBJECTIVE: Calf muscle strains have become increasingly prevalent in recent seasons of the Australian Football League (AFL) and represent a significant cause of time lost from competition. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between MRI features of calf muscle strains and games missed and to thereby identify parameters that are of prognostic value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of MRI scans of AFL players with calf strains referred to a musculoskeletal radiology clinic over a 5-year period (2008-2012) was performed...
January 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087568/effect-of-specific-exercise-based-football-injury-prevention-programmes-on-the-overall-injury-rate-in-football-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-fifa-11-and-11-programmes
#8
Kristian Thorborg, Kasper Kühn Krommes, Ernest Esteve, Mikkel Bek Clausen, Else Marie Bartels, Michael Skovdal Rathleff
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of FIFA injury prevention programmes in football (FIFA 11 and FIFA 11+). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials comparing the FIFA injury prevention programmes with a control (no or sham intervention) among football players. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE via OVID, CINAHL via Ebsco, Web of Science, SportDiscus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from 2004 to 14 March 2016...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068152/effect-of-exposure-type-and-timing-of-injuries-in-division-i-college-football-a-4-year-single-program-analysis
#9
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Rachel L Tatarski, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Football players compete with a high risk of injury due to the sport. With the recent efforts to improve safety, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) established new terminology to clearly define exposure types and reduce the number of high contact exposures. OBJECTIVES: To compare football injury rates (IR) with a focus on game versus practice, time in season of injury, mechanism of injury and utilizing recent exposure types defined by the NCAA (live contact, full-pads and non-contact)...
January 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056179/descriptive-characteristics-of-concussions-in-national-football-league-games-2010-2011-to-2013-2014
#10
Michael D Clark, Breton M Asken, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Despite a high reported incidence rate of concussion, little is known about the on-field characteristics of injurious head impacts in National Football League (NFL) games. PURPOSE: To characterize on-field features (location, player position, and time during game) and biomechanical features (anticipation status, closing distance, impact location and type) associated with concussions in NFL games over a 4-season period (2010-2011 to 2013-2014). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056008/traumatic-brain-and-spinal-cord-fatalities-among-high-school-and-college-football-players-united-states-2005-2014
#11
Kristen L Kucera, Rebecca K Yau, Johna Register-Mihalik, Stephen W Marshall, Leah C Thomas, Susanne Wolf, Robert C Cantu, Frederick O Mueller, Kevin M Guskiewicz
An estimated 1.1 million high school and 75,000 college athletes participate in tackle football annually in the United States. Football is a collision sport; traumatic injuries are frequent (1,2), and can be fatal (3). This report updates the incidence and characteristics of deaths caused by traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury (4) in high school and college football and presents illustrative case descriptions. Information was analyzed from the National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research (NCCSIR)...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054391/head-injuries-in-children-s-football-results-from-two-prospective-cohort-studies-in-four-european-countries
#12
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Karen Aus der Fünten, Jiri Chomiak, Evert Verhagen, Florian Beaudouin, Jiri Dvorak, Nina Feddermann-Demont
Head injuries are considered harmful in children. We analysed head and neck injuries in organised football in 7 to 12 year old children. Data for this analysis were obtained from a prospective cohort study over two consecutive football seasons in two European countries, and a randomised intervention trial over one season in four European countries. Football exposure and injuries were documented through an online database. Detailed information regarding injury characteristics and medical follow-up was retrieved from coaches, children and parents by phone...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043957/computational-modelling-of-traumatic-brain-injury-predicts-the-location-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-pathology
#13
Mazdak Ghajari, Peter J Hellyer, David J Sharp
Traumatic brain injury can lead to the neurodegenerative disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy. This condition has a clear neuropathological definition but the relationship between the initial head impact and the pattern of progressive brain pathology is poorly understood. We test the hypothesis that mechanical strain and strain rate are greatest in sulci, where neuropathology is prominently seen in chronic traumatic encephalopathy, and whether human neuroimaging observations converge with computational predictions...
January 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017518/effectiveness-of-a-stress-management-pilot-program-aimed-at-reducing-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-young-football-soccer-players
#14
Aurelio Olmedilla-Zafra, Victor J Rubio, Enrique Ortega, Alexandre García-Mas
OBJECTIVES: Several attempts to reduce the incidence of sport injuries using psychosocial interventions produced fruitful, although inconclusive results. This paper presents the effectiveness and implementation issues of a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence. DESIGN: Pre-post treatment-non treatment group comparison. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION: The program was administered by a trained psychologist on a once-a-week, 1-h session basis...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005635/longitudinal-body-composition-changes-in-ncaa-division-i-college-football-players
#15
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J Bryan Mann, Pat A Ivey, Katie R Hirsch, Meredith G Mock
Trexler, ET, Smith-Ryan, AE, Mann, JB, Ivey, PA, Hirsch, KR, and Mock, MG. Longitudinal body composition changes in NCAA Division I college football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 1-8, 2017-Many athletes seek to optimize body composition to fit the physical demands of their sport. American football requires a unique combination of size, speed, and power. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in body composition in Division I collegiate football players. For 57 players (mean ± SD, age = 19...
January 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003238/calculating-acute-chronic-workload-ratios-using-exponentially-weighted-moving-averages-provides-a-more-sensitive-indicator-of-injury-likelihood-than-rolling-averages
#16
Nicholas B Murray, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew D Townshend, Peter Blanch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if any differences exist between the rolling averages and exponentially weighted moving averages (EWMA) models of acute:chronic workload ratio (ACWR) calculation and subsequent injury risk. METHODS: A cohort of 59 elite Australian football players from 1 club participated in this 2-year study. Global positioning system (GPS) technology was used to quantify external workloads of players, and non-contact 'time-loss' injuries were recorded. The ACWR were calculated for a range of variables using 2 models: (1) rolling averages, and (2) EWMA...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002905/arthroscopic-all-inside-treatment-of-popliteomeniscal-fascicles-tears-surgical-technique-and-results-from-the-first-6-consecutive-patients
#17
R Simonetta, G Di Vico, R Papalia, S Vasta, V Denaro
Athletes whose knees are subjected to sudden changes of direction and high jumps such as martial arts athletes, dancers, wrestlers and football players are at higher risk of injuring popliteomeniscal fascicles. Painful squatting and mechanical symptoms such as locking sensation are common. Current available treatments includes open or arthroscopic in repair. Arthroscopic repair with all-inside device can relieve symptoms and restore knee function. Six patients from two surgical centers with isolated popliteomeniscal fascicles tears were treated with arthroscopic all-inside repair...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999726/acute-tearing-of-the-oblique-abdominal-wall-insertion-onto-the-iliac-crest-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#18
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Bill Breidahl
BACKGROUND: Tears of the abdominal obliques have previously been reported in the vicinity of the lower ribs but they have not been reported in the vicinity of the iliac crest. The purpose of this case report is to describe the mechanism of injury and diagnosis of a distal abdominal oblique tear and subsequent rehabilitation programming. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced acute right-sided abdominal pain during a game while performing a commonly executed rotation skill...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999720/changes-in-dynamic-balance-and-hip-strength-after-an-eight-week-conditioning-program-in-ncaa-division-i-female-soccer-football-athletes
#19
Brandon M Ness, Brett A Comstock, William E Schweinle
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity injury commonly affects female soccer athletes. Decreased dynamic balance and hip strength are identified risk factors for lower extremity injury. Little is known about how these factors adapt to a training stimulus in this population. PURPOSE: To retrospectively investigate changes in lower extremity dynamic balance and isometric hip strength in Division I collegiate female soccer athletes after participating in an eight-week strength and conditioning program...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996092/maxillofacial-injuries-among-national-collegiate-athletic-association-ncaa-athletes-2004-to-2014
#20
Stephen R Chorney, Lindsay Sobin, Parul Goyal, Amar C Suryadevara
OBJECTIVE: Participation in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports increases annually, yet the risk of maxillofacial injuries among these athletes is unknown. We report the incidence and trends in maxillofacial injuries among NCAA athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of the NCAA Injury Surveillance System (ISS) representing athletes from seven men's and eight women's sports across Divisions 1, 2, and 3. Incidence of maxillofacial injuries by sport, gender, anatomic location, and injuries requiring surgery were measured...
December 20, 2016: Laryngoscope
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