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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791977/no-association-between-rate-of-torque-development-and-onset-of-muscle-activity-with-increased-risk-of-hamstring-injury-in-elite-football
#1
Nicol van Dyk, Roald Bahr, Angus F Burnett, Evert Verhagen, Damien von Tiggelen, Erik Witvrouw
INTRODUCTION: Hamstring injuries remain a significant burden in sports that involve high speed running. In elite male football, hamstring injury has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to improve prevention efforts. Intrinsic risk factors such as strength have been investigated extensively in a cohort of professional football players; however, other intrinsic measures of neuromuscular function have not been studied in this cohort...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789252/a-history-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-at-the-national-football-league-combine-results-in-inferior-early-national-football-league-career-participation
#2
Matthew T Provencher, James P Bradley, Jorge Chahla, Anthony Sanchez, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Justin W Arner, Nicholas I Kennedy, George Sanchez, Mitchell I Kennedy, Gilbert Moatshe, Mark E Cinque, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether players with a history of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) before the National Football League (NFL) Combine played or started fewer games and/or participated in fewer eligible snaps compared with NFL Combine participants without a history of knee injury or surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all players who participated in the NFL Combine between 2009 and 2015 and who had a history of an ACLR...
May 19, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780842/the-nfl-s-chop-block-rule-change-does-it-prevent-knee-injuries-in-defensive-players
#3
Hayden P Baker, Antonios Varelas, Kevin Shi, Michael A Terry, Vehniah K Tjong
Background: The chop block, a football maneuver in which an offensive player blocks an opponent around the thigh while another offensive player engages the same opponent above the waist, was declared illegal by the National Football League (NFL) before the 2016-2017 season. Chop blocks have been hypothesized to be associated with medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament injury, especially in offensive/defensive linemen. Purpose: To quantify the impact that the chop-block rule change had on the incidence of knee injuries to defensive players in the NFL over 4 seasons (2014-2018)...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780836/defining-platelet-rich-plasma-usage-by-team-physicians-in-elite-athletes
#4
David E Kantrowitz, Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad, T Sean Lynch
Background: The indications for the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are vaguely defined despite the frequency of its use as a treatment for athletes. While select studies have advocated for its efficacy, the majority of orthopaedic research conducted on the topic has been equivocal. Purpose: To define the use of PRP in elite athletes by team physicians from professional sports leagues. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A survey assessing treatment timing, usage patterns, indications, and complications was generated by fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779184/limbic-system-structure-volumes-and-associated-neurocognitive-functioning-in-former-nfl-players
#5
Christian Lepage, Marc Muehlmann, Yorghos Tripodis, Jakob Hufschmidt, Julie Stamm, Katie Green, Pawel Wrobel, Vivian Schultz, Isabelle Weir, Michael L Alosco, Christine M Baugh, Nathan G Fritts, Brett M Martin, Christine Chaisson, Michael J Coleman, Alexander P Lin, Ofer Pasternak, Nikos Makris, Robert A Stern, Martha E Shenton, Inga K Koerte
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with exposure to repetitive head impacts. CTE has been linked to disruptions in cognition, mood, and behavior. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of CTE can only be made post-mortem. Neuropathological evidence suggests limbic structures may provide an opportunity to characterize CTE in the living. Using 3 T magnetic resonance imaging, we compared select limbic brain regional volumes - the amygdala, hippocampus, and cingulate gyrus - between symptomatic former National Football League (NFL) players (n = 86) and controls (n = 22)...
May 19, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776480/concussion-symptom-prevalence-severity-and-trajectory-implications-for-nursing-practice
#6
Gail Macartney, Valérie Simoncic, Kristian Goulet, Mary Aglipay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the symptom severity and trajectory in concussed children who were followed during a one year period at a concussion clinic. DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed to describe the symptom trajectory up to three months during the recovery. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-six patients were included (74 female, 62 male) with a median age of 15.4years (range 13-17). The most common mechanisms of injury included: falls (19...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765700/study-of-the-measurement-and-predictive-validity-of-the-functional-movement-screen
#7
Fraser Philp, Dimitra Blana, Edward K Chadwick, Caroline Stewart, Claire Stapleton, Kim Major, Anand D Pandyan
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reported measurement capabilities and predictive validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) for injury. Methods: This was a prospective observational longitudinal study of 24 male footballers from a single team in England, alongside analysis of an existing database over one season (September 2015-May 2016). A preseason FMS was carried out with scores recorded by an experienced assessor and derived, retrospectively, from the three-dimensional movement data that were simultaneously captured...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764846/non-operative-management-of-an-isolated-lateral-collateral-ligament-injury-in-an-adolescent-patient-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Dominic Davenport, Ajay Arora, Max R Edwards
We present a rare case of isolated traumatic pure ligamentous rupture of the lateral collateral ligament of the knee in an adolescent high-level footballer managed non-operatively with a good functional outcome and return to sport in 4 months.
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764731/how-much-is-enough-in-rehabilitation-high-running-workloads-following-lower-limb-muscle-injury-delay-return-to-play-but-protect-against-subsequent-injury
#9
Jordan Stares, Brian Dawson, Peter Peeling, Michael Drew, Jarryd Heasman, Brent Rogalski, Marcus Colby
OBJECTIVES: Examine the influence of rehabilitation training loads on return to play (RTP) time and subsequent injury in elite Australian footballers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Internal (sessional rating of perceived exertion: sRPE) and external (distance, sprint distance) workload and lower limb non-contact muscle injury data was collected from 58 players over 5 seasons. Rehabilitation periods were analysed for running workloads and time spent in 3 rehabilitation stages (1: off-legs training, 2: non-football running, 3: group football training) was calculated...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761235/characteristics-of-sports-and-recreation-related-emergency-department-visits-among-school-age-children-and-youth-in-north-carolina-2010-2014
#10
Katherine J Harmon, Scott K Proescholdbell, Johna Register-Mihalik, David B Richardson, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Sports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population. METHODS: This study included all injury-related visits made to all North Carolina 24/7 acute-care civilian hospital-affiliated EDs by school-age youth, 5-18 years of age, during 2010-2014 (N = 918,662)...
May 15, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746384/maximum-movement-workloads-and-high-intensity-workload-demands-by-position-in-ncaa-division-i-collegiate-football
#11
Gabriel J Sanders, Brad Roll, Corey A Peacock, Roger O Kollock
Sanders, GJ, Roll, B, Peacock, CA, and Kollock, RO. Maximum movement workloads and high-intensity workload demands by position in NCAA division I collegiate football. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of the study was to quantify the average and maximum (i.e., peak) movement workloads, and the percent of those workloads performed at high intensity by NCAA division I football athletes during competitive games. Using global positioning system devices (Catapult Sports), low, moderate, and high and total multidirectional movement workloads were quantified by each position...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740564/physical-performance-tests-a-relationship-of-risk-factors-for-muscle-injuries-in-elite-level-male-football-players
#12
Kjell Svensson, Marie Alricsson, Marcus Olausson, Suzanne Werner
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between the outcome of preseason physical performance tests and the risk of sustaining lower extremity muscle injuries within the same season, in male football players at elite level. This is a cohort study of a male football team (63 players) from the first league in Swe-den. The football players are prospectively followed, in terms of muscle injuries of the lower extremity during five seasons between 2010 and 2014. All muscle injuries were evaluated and diagnosed with ultraso-nography...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740552/perceived-motivational-factors-for-female-football-players-during-rehabilitation-after-sports-injury-a-qualitative-interview-study
#13
Malin Hildingsson, Ulrika Tranaeus Fitzgerald, Marie Alricsson
Compliance with a rehabilitation program is significant among athletes following a sports injury. It is also one of the main factors that influence the rehabilitation process; moreover, the outcome is also influenced by the athlete's motivation. It is primarily an autonomous motivation, resulting in rehabilitation adherence. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceived motivation of female football players during rehabilitation after a sports injury and the extent to which these motivating factors were autonomous...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734457/11-361-sports-injuries-in-a-15-year-survey-of-a-level-i-emergency-trauma-department-reveal-different-severe-injury-types-in-the-6-most-common-team-sports
#14
Werner Krutsch, Volker Krutsch, Franz Hilber, Christian Pfeifer, Florian Baumann, Johannes Weber, Paul Schmitz, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele
INTRODUCTION:  Severe sports-related injuries are a common affliction treated in Level I trauma departments. Detailed knowledge on injury characteristics from different medical settings is essential to improve the development of injury prevention strategies in different team sports. METHODS:  Team sport injuries were retrospectively analysed in a Level I trauma department registry over 15 years. Injury and treatment data were compared with regard to competition and training exposure...
May 7, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734348/the-impact-of-tackle-football-injuries-on-the-american-healthcare-system-with-a-neurological-focus
#15
Michael J McGinity, Ramesh Grandhi, Joel E Michalek, Jesse S Rodriguez, Aron M Trevino, Ashley C McGinity, Ali Seifi
BACKGROUND: Recent interest in the study of concussion and other neurological injuries has heightened awareness of the medical implications of American tackle football injuries amongst the public. OBJECTIVE: Using the National Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) and the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), the largest publicly available all-payer emergency department and inpatient healthcare databases in the United States, we sought to describe the impact of tackle football injuries on the American healthcare system by delineating injuries, specifically neurological in nature, suffered as a consequence of tackle football between 2010 and 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731401/adverse-effects-of-common-sports-and-recreational-activities-on-male-reproduction
#16
REVIEW
Kush Panara, John M Masterson, Luis F Savio, Ranjith Ramasamy
CONTEXT: Male factor infertility plays a significant role in infertility. Many factors have been associated with male infertility; however, the link between many sports and recreational factors and male reproduction remains poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current literature regarding the impact of many common sports and recreational factors on male reproduction. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive PubMed and Embase search for relevant articles published between 1970 and 2017 was performed by combining the following search terms: male, sports (including individual sports), traumatic brain injury, sauna, hot tub, fertility, erectile dysfunction, varicocele, environment, cell phone, and laptop computer...
May 3, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724412/a-novel-helmet-mounted-device-for-reducing-the-potential-of-catastrophic-cervical-spine-fractures-and-spinal-cord-injuries-in-head-first-impacts
#17
REVIEW
Daniel M Dressler, Christopher R Dennison, Tom Whyte, Peter A Cripton
BACKGROUND: Head-first impacts with an aligned cervical spine cause some of the most severe types of injuries due to the risk of fractures and associated spinal cord injury. Sports, such as football, mountain biking and horseback riding, contribute to the incidence of spinal cord injury but there is potential to reduce the risk of these injuries through a helmet-mounted device. METHODS: A novel device, the Pro-Neck-Tor mechanism, was incorporated into a commercial football helmet and tested in head-first impact experiments...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719944/effects-of-a-lighter-smaller-football-on-acute-match-injuries-in-adolescent-female-football-a-pilot-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mette K Zebis, Kristian Thorborg, Lars L Andersen, Merete Møller, Karl B Christensen, Mikkel B Clausen, Per Hölmich, Niels Wedderkopp, Thomas B Andersen, Peter Krustrup
BACKGROUND: The high injury incidence during match-play in female adolescent football is a major concern. In football, males and females play matches with the same football size. No studies have investigated the effect of football size on injury incidence in female adolescent football. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of introducing a lighter, smaller football on the injury pattern in female adolescent football. METHODS: We conducted a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial including 26 football teams representing 346 adolescent female football players (age 15-18 years)...
May 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712487/prospective-study-of-myelin-water-fraction-changes-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-collegiate-contact-sports
#19
Heather S Spader, Douglas C Dean, W Curt LaFrance, Neha P Raukar, G Rees Cosgrove, Stephanie A Eyerly-Webb, Anna Ellermeier, Stephen Correia, Sean C L Deoni, Jeffrey Rogg
OBJECTIVE Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in athletes, including concussion, is increasingly being found to have long-term sequelae. Current imaging techniques have not been able to identify early damage caused by mTBI that is predictive of long-term symptoms or chronic traumatic encephalopathy. In this preliminary feasibility study, the authors investigated the use of an emerging magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, multicomponent driven equilibrium single pulse observation of T1 and T2 (mcDESPOT), in visualizing acute and chronic white matter changes after mTBI in collegiate football and rugby players...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708569/performance-based-outcomes-following-lisfranc-injury-among-professional-american-football-and-rugby-athletes
#20
Sameer K Singh, Andrew George, Anish R Kadakia, Wellington K Hsu
Professional National Football League (NFL) and rugby athletes have high rates of Lisfranc injuries. Although favorable return-to-play rates have been previously reported, a thorough assessment of postinjury performance is lacking. Professional NFL and rugby athletes who sustained a Lisfranc injury were identified using a well-established protocol confirmed by multiple sources of the public record. Return-to-play rate and time to return were determined for each athlete. League participation and game performance were collected 1 season prior to injury and up to 3 seasons after injury...
April 27, 2018: Orthopedics
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