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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735733/incidence-predictors-and-outcomes-associated-with-pneumothorax-during-cardiac-electronic-device-implantation-a-16-year-review-in-over-3-7-million-patients
#1
Gbolahan O Ogunbayo, Richard Charnigo, Yousef Darrat, Gustavo Morales, John Kotter, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Ayman Elbadawi, Vincent L Sorrell, Susan S Smyth, Claude S Elayi
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax (PTX) is a potential complication of vascular access during cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) procedure and is under scrutiny as considered a healthcare-acquired condition. OBJECTIVE: Determine the trends in PTX incidence in the United Stated over a 16-year period and whether PTX is associated with increased mortality after adjustment for other factors. METHODS: Using weighted sampling in the largest inpatient health database in the US (National Inpatient Sample), we evaluated data from patients with a primary procedure of CIED implant from 1998 to 2013 who had at least one new vascular access (new or upgrade of prior CIED)...
July 20, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735383/brucellosis-causes-alteration-in-trace-elements-and-oxidative-stress-factors
#2
Naser Zanganeh, Ehsan Siahpoushi, Nejat Kheiripour, Sima Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani
Brucellosis is regarded as one of the most common diseases among humans and livestock. In the present study, we aimed to assess the effect of this disease on the level of various cations including copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), and magnesium (Mg) as well as oxidative stress status in the serum of people suffering from brucellosis. The present case-study was carried out on 40 patients with brucellosis (case) and 20 healthy people (control). Blood specimens were taken from all the people and the level of essential trace elements and oxidative stress status were measured...
July 22, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735052/spa-typing-and-identification-of-pvl-genes-of-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-a-libyan-hospital-in-tripoli
#3
Mohamed O Ahmed, Keith E Baptiste, Mohamed A Daw, Asma K Elramalli, Yousef M Abouzeeda, Andreas Petersen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the molecular characteristics of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from clinical sources in Tripoli, Libya. METHODS: A total of 95 MRSA strains collected at the Tripoli medical Centre were investigated by spa typing and identification of the Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (pvl) genes. RESULTS: A total of 26 spa types were characterized and distributed among nine clonal complexes; CC5 (n=32), CC80 (n=18), CC8 (n=17) and CC22 (n=12) were the most prevalent clonal complexes...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728154/prevalence-of-primary-headache-disorders-in-kuwait
#4
Jasem Yousef Al-Hashel, Samar Farouk Ahmed, Raed Alroughani
BACKGROUND: Only an insignificant quantum of data exists on the prevalence of primary headaches among those living in Kuwait. We aimed to determine the prevalence of primary headaches among the Kuwaiti population. METHODS: This community-based study included Kuwaiti population aged 18-65 years. Using systematic random sampling, data was collected by the Headache-Attributed Restriction, Disability, Social Handicap and Impaired Participation questionnaire. Responses to the diagnostic questions were transformed into diagnoses algorithmically to confirm the diagnosis of primary headache...
July 21, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725638/isolation-of-f-novicida-containing-phagosome-from-infected-human-monocyte-derived-macrophages
#5
Valentina Marecic, Olga Shevchuk, Mateja Ozanic, Mirna Mihelcic, Michael Steinert, Antonija Jurak Begonja, Yousef Abu Kwaik, Marina Santic
Francisella is a gram-negative bacterial pathogen, which causes tularemia in humans and animals. A crucial step of Francisella infection is its invasion of macrophage cells. Biogenesis of the Francisella-containing phagosome (FCP) is arrested for ~15 min at the endosomal stage, followed by gradual bacterial escape into the cytosol, where the microbe proliferates. The crucial step in pathogenesis of tularemia is short and transient presence of the bacterium within phagosome. Isolation of FCPs for further studies has been challenging due to the short period of time of bacterial residence in it and the characteristics of the FCP...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725442/identification-of-dust-storm-origin-in-south-west-of-iran
#6
Parya Broomandi, Bahram Dabir, Babak Bonakdarpour, Yousef Rashidi
BACKGROUND: Deserts are the main sources of emitted dust, and are highly responsive to wind erosion. Low content of soil moisture and lack of vegetation cover lead to fine particle's release. One of the semi-arid bare lands in Iran, located in the South-West of Iran in Khoozestan province, was selected to investigate Sand and Dust storm potential. METHODS: This paper focused on the metrological parameters of the sampling site, their changes and the relationship between these changes and dust storm occurrence, estimation of Reconaissance Drought Index, the Atterberg limits of soil samples and their relation with soil erosion ability, the chemical composition, size distribution of soil and airborne dust samples, and estimation of vertical mass flux by COMSALT through considering the effect of saffman force and interparticle cohesion forces during warm period (April-September) in 2010...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724383/molecular-characterization-and-genetic-relatedness-of-clinically-acinetobacter-baumanii-isolates-conferring-increased-resistance-to-the-first-and-second-generations-of-tetracyclines-in-iran
#7
Zahra Meshkat, Himen Salimizand, Yousef Amini, Mostafa Khakshoor, Davoud Mansouri, Hadi Farsiani, Kiarash Ghazvini, Adel Najafi
BACKGROUND: The increasing resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii to antibiotics has recently been regarded as a notable therapeutic difficulty. Evaluating resistance rates of some A. baumannii isolates to tetracyclines had an impact on understanding the antibiotic resistance dissemination. By comparing genetic characteristics and relatedness of A. baumannii isolates, we are able to determine the transition dynamics of outbreak isolates. METHODS: A total of 72 non-duplicate isolates of A...
July 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719478/a-review-of-nonfatal-drowning-in-the-pediatric-age-group-a-10-year-experience-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Faisal O Al-Qurashi, Abdullah A Yousef, Abdullah Aljoudi, Saleh M Alzahrani, Nasser Y Al-Jawder, Abdulrahman K Al-Ahmar, Mosab S Al-Majed, Hussam M Abouollo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nonfatal drowning experience, risk factors, intrahospital assessment and postincidental outcomes for children admitted to King Fahd Hospital of the University, AlKhobar, Saudi Arabia, over a 10-year period. METHODS: Children up to the age of 14 years who were admitted with the diagnosis of nonfatal drowning from July 2005 to June 2015 were included. Data regarding demographics, timing, season and location of drowning, presence of an assigned lifeguard, duration of submersion and transport to hospital, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initial Glasgow Coma Scale, temperature, pH, blood sugar level, total hospital stay, and discharge status were extrapolated, and their effects on the patient's outcome analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718680/development-of-emu-oil-loaded-pcl-collagen-bioactive-nanofibers-for-proliferation-and-stemness-preservation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cell-possible-application-in-regenerative-medicine
#9
Kazem Nejati-Koshki, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Effat Alizadeh, Abbas Ebrahimi-Kalan, Yousef Mortazavi, Nosratollah Zarghami
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are promising candidate in stem cell therapies, and maintaining their stemness potential is vital to achieve effective treatment. Natural based scaffolds have been recently attracted increasing attention in nanomedicine and drug delivery. In the present study, a polymeric nanofibrous scaffold was developed based on the polycaprolactone/Collagen (PCL/Coll) containing Emu oil as a bioactive material to induce the proliferation of ASCs, while simultaneously preserve the stemness property of those cells...
July 18, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718300/clinical-aspects-of-systemic-inflammation-and-arrhythmogenesis-especially-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Thomas F Whayne, Gustavo X Morales, Yousef H Darrat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717738/collaborative-pediatric-bone-tumor-program-to-improve-access-to-specialized-care-an-initiative-by-the-lebanese-children-s-oncology-group
#11
Raya Saab, Zeina Merabi, Miguel R Abboud, Samar Muwakkit, Peter Noun, Gladys Gemayel, Elie Bechara, Hassan Khalifeh, Roula Farah, Nabil Kabbara, Tarek El-Khoury, Rasha Al-Yousef, Rachid Haidar, Said Saghieh, Toufic Eid, Samir Akel, Nabil Khoury, Layal Bayram, Matthew J Krasin, Sima Jeha, Hassan El-Solh
BACKGROUND: Children with malignant bone tumors have average 5-year survival rates of 60% to 70% with current multimodality therapy. Local control modalities aimed at preserving function greatly influence the quality of life of long-term survivors. In developing countries, the limited availability of multidisciplinary care and limited expertise in specialized surgery and pediatric radiation therapy, as well as financial cost, all form barriers to achieving optimal outcomes in this population...
February 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716832/mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-for-acute-right-ventricular-failure
#12
REVIEW
Navin K Kapur, Michele L Esposito, Yousef Bader, Kevin J Morine, Michael S Kiernan, Duc Thinh Pham, Daniel Burkhoff
Right ventricular (RV) failure remains a major cause of global morbidity and mortality for patients with advanced heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, or acute myocardial infarction and after major cardiac surgery. Over the past 2 decades, percutaneously delivered acute mechanical circulatory support pumps specifically designed to support RV failure have been introduced into clinical practice. RV acute mechanical circulatory support now represents an important step in the management of RV failure and provides an opportunity to rapidly stabilize patients with cardiogenic shock involving the RV...
July 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716142/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-health-care-professionals-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
I Elbarazi, T Loney, S Yousef, A Elias
BACKGROUND: Burnout among healthcare professionals is one of the key challenges affecting health care practice and quality of care. This systematic review aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of burnout among health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries; and (2) explore individual and work-related factors associated with burnout in this population. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases were searched for studies published in English or Arabic from January 1980 to November 2014 assessing burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI) amongst health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713107/study-on-personality-types-of-dentists-in-different-disciplines-of-dentistry
#14
Yousef H Al-Dlaigan, Albatool S Alahmari, Sara H Almubarak, Sahar A Alateeq, Sukumaran Anil
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the most common personality type among dentists in seven selected clinical dentistry specialties using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and to compare between these different types of personalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey containing the MBTI and demographic and practice questions was used to assess the personality styles of 243 dental specialists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The survey results were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712527/clinical-presentation-to-the-emergency-department-predicts-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-associated-myocardial-injury
#15
Khalil M Yousef, Elizabeth Crago, Theodore F Lagattuta, Marilyn Hravnak
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is frequently seen in emergency departments. Secondary injury, such as subarachnoid hemorrhage-associated myocardial injury (SAHMI), affects one third of survivors and contributes to poor outcomes. SAHMI is not attributed to ischemia from myocardial disease but can result in hypotension and arrhythmias. It is important that emergency nurses recognize which clinical presentation characteristics are predictive of SAHMI to initiate proper interventions...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702151/human-enteroviruses-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-children-with-suspected-aseptic-meningitis-a-study-in-northern-iran
#16
Farzin Sadeghi, Masoumeh Talebi-Nesami, Rahim Barari-Savadkouhi, Ali Bijani, Elahe Ferdosi-Shahandashti, Yousef Yahyapour
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus (EV) infections are one of the most common causes of aseptic meningitis in pediatrics. To diagnose EV meningitis, virus isolation in cell cultures is often time consuming and lacks sensitivity to be of clinical relevance. This makes the virus culture results difficult to interpret. The rapid detection of EVs in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by molecular diagnostic techniques may improve the management of patients with aseptic meningitis. The purpose of the present study was to develop a more convenient and sensitive alternative technique to viral culture...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702131/distribution-pattern-of-colorectal-diseases-based-on-2300-total-colonoscopies
#17
Yousef Bafandeh, Fereshteh Yazdanpanah
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of CRD in our area in East Azerbaijan, Iran. BACKGROUND: Colorectal diseases (CRD) include a broad spectrum that varies from benign lesions to malignant and cancerous masses. CRD can be investigated by colonoscopy. Some of these diseases are highly preventable with timely screening and appropriate planning by the healthcare system. METHODS: This is a hospital-based, cross-sectional study by the Gastroenterology Department on patients who underwent colonoscopy between June 2013 and March 2015 in outpatient clinics at private Shahriyar medical center and Imam Reza University Hospital in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan province, Iran...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700978/aptamer-assisted-novel-technologies-for-detecting-bacterial-pathogens
#18
REVIEW
Naser Alizadeh, Mohammad Yousef Memar, Seyyed Reza Moaddab, Hossein Samadi Kafil
Nowadays, all people are at risk of infectious diseases that are mainly caused by bacteria causing infection. There is a permanent demand for an appropriate detection method that is affordable, practical, careful, rapid, sensitive, efficient and economical. Aptamers are single stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotides, which can be recognized specifically and bind to their target molecules and also, be exploited in diagnostic applications. Recently, aptamer-based systems have offered great potentials in applications for the recognition of several important bacterial pathogens from clinical and food specimens...
July 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698607/divergent-evolution-of-di-lysine-er-retention-vs-farnesylation-motif-mediated-anchoring-of-the-ankb-virulence-effector-to-the-legionella-containing-vacuolar-membrane
#19
John D Perpich, Awdhesh Kalia, Christopher T D Price, Snake C Jones, Kathy Wong, Kalle Gehring, Yousef Abu Kwaik
Within macrophages and amoeba, the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV) membrane is derived from the ER. The bona fide F-box AnkB effector protein of L. pneumophila strain AA100/130b is anchored to the cytosolic side of the LCV membrane through host-mediated farnesylation of its C-terminal eukaryotic "CaaX" motif. Here we show that the AnkB homologue of the Paris strain has a frame shift mutation that led to a loss of the CaaX motif and a concurrent generation of a unique C-terminal KNKYAP motif, which resembles the eukaryotic di-lysine ER-retention motif (KxKxx)...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697033/ventricular-perforation-during-open-surgical-balloon-expandable-mitral-valve-replacement-a-case-report
#20
Yousef M Hamdeh, Jordan E Goldhammer, Nicholas J Ruggiero, John W Entwistle
A 79-year-old woman with severe mitral annular calcification was scheduled for mitral valve replacement. A SAPIEN 3 valve was implanted in mitral position using an open surgical approach. Immediately after cardiopulmonary bypass, bleeding from an unidentified source was encountered. Cardiopulmonary bypass was emergently resumed and a laceration of the left ventricular apex due to the valve delivery system was detected. Risk factors specific to the open surgical approach include a decompressed ventricle, decreased annulus to apical distance, and the absence of continuous fluoroscopic and echocardiographic imaging...
July 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
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