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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160162/is-college-education-an-equalizer-for-social-disparities-in-health-literacy-a-case-study-in-shanghai-china
#1
Anning Hu, Xiaozhao Yousef Yang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to illustrate the immediate effect of the college education process (across college grades) on the strength of association between parental education and college attendees' health literacy. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted based on data from a random sample of students in one university in Shanghai, China ( N = 574). Exploratory factor analysis was used to generate factors of different dimensions of health literacy...
November 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159523/quantitating-whole-lesion-tumor-biology-in-rectal-cancer-mri-taking-a-lesson-from-fdg-pet-tumor-metrics
#2
Marc J Gollub, Andreas M Hotker, Kaitlin M Woo, Yousef Mazaheri, Mithat Gonen
PURPOSE: To determine the value of novel whole tumor metrics in DWI-MRI and DCE-MRI of rectal cancer treatment assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 24 uniformly treated patients with rectal adenocarcinoma who underwent MRI including diffusion-weighted (DW) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) sequences, before and after chemoradiotherapy. Two experienced readers independently measured tumor volume and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on DWI-MRI and tumor volume and transfer constant K (trans) on DCE-MRI...
November 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150935/generation-of-insulin-producing-cells-from-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-pva-scaffold-by-optimized-differentiation-protocol
#3
Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Masoud Soleimani, Yousef Mortazavi, Samad Nadri, Ali Salimi
The studies have been done on patient-specific human adipose-derived from mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) like a series of autologous growth factors and nanofibrous scaffolds (3D culture) will probably have many benefits for regenerative medicine in type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) patients in the future. For this purpose, we established a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) scaffold and a differentiation protocol by adding platelet-rich plasma (PRP) that induces the hADSCs into insulin-producing cells (IPCs). The Characteristics of the derived IPCs in 3D culture were compared with conventional culture (2D) groups evaluated at the mRNA and protein levels...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148349/hospital-supply-expenses-an-important-ingredient-in-health-services-research
#4
Yousef Abdulsalam, Eugene Schneller
The purpose of this article is to shed light on hospital supply expenses, which form the second largest expense category after payroll and hold more promise for improving cost-efficiency compared to payroll. However, limited research has rigorously scrutinized this cost category, and it is rarely given specific consideration across cost-focused studies in health services publications. After reviewing previously cited estimates, we examine and independently validate supply expense data (collected by the American Hospital Association) for over 3,500 U...
July 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148251/the-enzymatic-detoxification-of-the-mycotoxin-deoxynivalenol-identification-of-depa-from-the-don-epimerization-pathway
#5
Jason Carere, Yousef I Hassan, Dion Lepp, Ting Zhou
The biological detoxification of mycotoxins, including deoxynivalenol (DON), represents a very promising approach to address the challenging problem of cereal grain contamination. The recent discovery of Devosia mutans 17-2-E-8 (Devosia spp. 17-2-E-8), a bacterial isolate capable of transforming DON to the non-toxic stereoisomer 3-epi-deoxynivalenol, along with earlier reports of bacterial species capable of oxidizing DON to 3-keto-DON, has generated interest in the possible mechanism and enzyme(s) involved...
November 17, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147974/genotype-related-variations-in-proinflammatory-and-regulatory-cytokine-levels-in-treated-and-treatment-naive-hcv-infected-patients
#6
Rasoul Baharlou, Bizhan Romani, Seyed Jalal Kiani, Kaveh Sadeghi, Enayatollah Shadmand, Hadi Fazel, Farid Azizi Jalilian, Ebrahim Kord, Sajad Yaghoubi, Yousef Nikmanesh, Abbas Ahmadi Vasmehjani
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) modulates immune-related inflammatory responses to induce milder reactions leading to virus persistence. In this regard, the present study aimed to investigate the link between the HCV genotypes and the proinflammatory and regulatory cytokine levels. Ninety patients with hepatitis C infection (68 treatment-naive and 22 treated patients) and 76 healthy blood donors were studied. The serum levels of IFN-γ, IL-10, IL-17A, and IL-21 were measured by ELISA in the patients and healthy controls...
November 17, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147964/diabetes-care-in-qatar-a-survey-of-pharmacists-activities-attitudes-and-knowledge
#7
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Safae E Abu Yousef, Meena Ali Basri
Background Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a major public health issue and is one of the top ten causes of death in Qatar. Objective To describe the activities, and attitudes of Qatar pharmacists toward diabetes, to measure their diabetes knowledge and to assess their perceived barriers for diabetes care. Setting Community and ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Method Study objectives were addressed in a cross sectional survey of community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar. A phone call explaining the study was made to all community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147131/transcriptional-activity-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-patients-with-coronary-slow-flow
#8
Yousef Rasmi, Morteza Bagheri, Sanaz Faramarz-Gaznagh, Mohadeseh Nemati, Mohammad Hasan Khadem-Ansari, Ehsan Saboory, Mir Hossein Seyed-Mohamadzad, Alireza Shirpoor
BACKGROUND: Coronary slow flow (CSF), an angiographic phenomenon that is characterized by a delayed coronary blood flow in the absence of obstructive coronary artery stenosis, is known as a disorder of the coronary microcirculation. Inflammation has an important role in the vascular hemostasis and endothelial dysfunction especially regarding monocyte adhesion and infiltration. Pro-inflammatory cytokines released by inflammatory cells result in endothelial cell dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146270/retrospective-cohort-study-on-angio-seal-closure-device-safety-and-effectiveness-in-antegrade-superficial-femoral-artery-punctures-a-comparison-with-antegrade-common-femoral-artery-punctures
#9
Tarig Adlan, Yousef Shahin, Peter Kember, John Isaacs, Richard Seymour
PURPOSE: This retrospective study evaluates the effectiveness and safety of the Angio-Seal closure device in superficial femoral artery (SFA) antegrade punctures compared to common femoral artery (CFA) antegrade punctures. METHODS: Over a period of 46 months from January 2012, consecutive patients who underwent antegrade CFA or SFA punctures using Angio-Seal as a closure device in a single centre were studied. Patients were identified by reading all the individual reports on our radiology system for all patients who underwent any angiographic examination during the study period, and their individual case notes were subsequently reviewed...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143376/evaluating-the-nutritional-value-of-date-pits-and-demonstrating-their-application-in-laying-hen-diets
#10
M H Salajegheh, M Yousef Elahi, M Salarmoini
This experiment was carried out to study the feeding value of ground date pits (DP) (Phoenix dactylifera L.) with and without enzyme supplementation on laying hens' performance. Apparent metabolizable energy value of DP was determined by the total collection method using 10 adult Leghorn cockerels. After that, a total number of 144 Lohmann 50-week-old LSL-Lite hens were randomly allocated into six groups consisting of four replicates of six birds, based on a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of the treatments...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142767/could-congenital-insensitivity-to-pain-with-anhidrosis-be-misdiagnosed-as-papillon-lef%C3%A3-vre-syndrome
#11
Mostafa Ibrahim Mostafa, Maha Rashed Abouzaid, Manal Micheal Thomas, Ghada Yousef El-Kamah
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early loss of teeth with hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles. Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a disorder of decreased pain sensation, decreased sweating, recurrent infections, and fever. Here, we report a 5-year-old girl born to consanguineous parents with a family history of a similarly affected sibling. The girl presented with early loss of teeth and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, hence, provisionally diagnosed as PLS...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142542/predictors-and-correlations-of-emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah
#12
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Wafaa Ali Algethmi, Safia Mohammad Binshihon, Rawan Aesh Almahyawi, Razan Faisal Alahmadi, Maha Yousef Baabdullah
Objectives: To determine the predictors of Emotional Intelligence (EI), and its relationship with academic performance, leadership capacity, self-efficacy and the perceived stress between medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 540 students selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale, Authentic Leadership questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the short version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140718/pem-fitter-a-coarse-grained-method-to-validate-protein-candidate-models
#13
Kamal Al Nasr, Christopher Jones, Feras Yousef, Ruba Jebril
The volumetric images produced by Cryo-Electron Microscopy (cryo-EM) technique are used to model macromolecular assemblies and machines. De novo protein modeling uses these images to computationally model the structure of the molecules. Many candidate conformations are usually generated during the intermediate step. Conventionally, each of these candidates is evaluated by time-consuming approaches such as potential energy. We introduce an initial version of a geometrical screening method that uses the skeleton of the cryo-EM images to evaluate candidate structures...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137637/molecular-evolution-of-hiv-1-integrase-during-the-20%C3%A2-years-prior-to-the-first-approval-of-integrase-inhibitors
#14
Karolin Meixenberger, Kaveh Pouran Yousef, Maureen Rebecca Smith, Sybille Somogyi, Stefan Fiedler, Barbara Bartmeyer, Osamah Hamouda, Norbert Bannert, Max von Kleist, Claudia Kücherer
BACKGROUND: Detailed knowledge of the evolutionary potential of polymorphic sites in a viral protein is important for understanding the development of drug resistance in the presence of an inhibitor. We therefore set out to analyse the molecular evolution of the HIV-1 subtype B integrase at the inter-patient level in Germany during a 20-year period prior to the first introduction of integrase strand inhibitors (INSTIs). METHODS: We determined 337 HIV-1 integrase subtype B sequences (amino acids 1-278) from stored plasma samples of antiretroviral treatment-naïve individuals newly diagnosed with HIV-1 between 1986 and 2006...
November 14, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134124/the-design-and-implementation-of-the-software-tracking-cervical-and-lumbar-vertebrae-in-spinal-fluoroscopy-images
#15
Behrouz Alizadeh Savareh, Yousef Sadat, Azadeh Bashiri, Mehraban Shahi, Nasrin Davaridolatabadi
Aim: Manual analysis of neck kinematics is usually associated with measurement errors and it requires the use of software capabilities. Considering laboratory usage, software has been developed to solve the associated problems. Materials & methods: Fluoroscopic images taken from 78 women were used to design and evaluate the performance of the software. The software was implemented using C# language, according to the case-based reasoning technique. Results: The viewpoints of experts suggest accuracy of the software in tracking and calculations, which meets their information requirements...
November 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132631/success-or-failure-of-hospital-information-systems-of-public-hospitals-affiliated-with-zahedan-university-of-medical-sciences-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#16
Jahanpour Alipour, Afsaneh Karimi, Saeid Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Ansari, Yousef Mehdipour
INTRODUCTION: After implementation, evaluation of hospital information systems (HISs) is critical to ensure the fulfillment of the system goals. This study aimed to assess the success or failure of HISs in public hospitals affiliated with Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study was performed in 2016. The study population comprised IT and HIS authorities and hospital information system users...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130738/ethylene-glycol-and-dimethyl-sulfoxide-combination-reduces-cryoinjuries-and-apoptotic-gene-expression-in-vitrified-laying-hen-ovary
#17
Reihane Nateghi, AliReza Alizadeh, Yousef Jafari Ahangari, Rouhollah Fathi, Amir Akhlaghi
Successful cryopreservation of avian gonads is important not only for avian breeding but is also crucial for preservation of species, especially of endangered birds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitrification by several cryoprotectants on the ovarian tissues of laying hens. Ovarian tissues were randomly divided into six groups: control (nonvitrified: C), dehydrated using ethylene glycol (EG), dehydrated with propylene glycol (PROH), dehydrated using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and two combined groups, EG+DMSO and EG+PROH...
November 13, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125563/effects-of-resveratrol-against-lung-cancer-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#18
REVIEW
Michael Yousef, Ioannis A Vlachogiannis, Evangelia Tsiani
Uncontrolled cell growth and resistance to apoptosis characterize cancer cells. These two main features are initiated in cancer cells through mutations in key signaling molecules, which regulate pathways that are directly involved in controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis. Resveratrol (RSV), a naturally occurring plant polyphenol, has been shown to have biological effects counteracting different diseases. It has been found to provide cardio-protective, neuro-protective, immuno-modulatory, and anti-cancer health benefits...
November 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123635/er-yag-laser-and-cyclosporin-a-effect-on-cell-cycle-regulation-of-human-gingival-fibroblast-cells
#19
Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Yousef Sadeghi, Akram Safaei, Mona Zamanian-Azodi, Maryam Sadat Khoramgah, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani
Introduction: Periodontitis is a set of inflammatory disorders characterized by periodontal attachment loss and alveolar bone resorption. Because of deficiency in periodontitis mechanical therapy, this study was aimed to explore the molecular influence of the erbiumdoped: yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser and cyclosporin A (CsA) on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) for improvement in periodontal diseases therapy. Methods: We focused on articles that studied the proteome profiles of HGFs after treatment with laser irradiation and application of CsA...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121868/sequence-based-information-theoretic-features-for-gene-essentiality-prediction
#20
Dawit Nigatu, Patrick Sobetzko, Malik Yousef, Werner Henkel
BACKGROUND: Identification of essential genes is not only useful for our understanding of the minimal gene set required for cellular life but also aids the identification of novel drug targets in pathogens. In this work, we present a simple and effective gene essentiality prediction method using information-theoretic features that are derived exclusively from the gene sequences. RESULTS: We developed a Random Forest classifier and performed an extensive model performance evaluation among and within 15 selected bacteria...
November 9, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
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