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Ischemic heat disease

Y Q Zhang, C H Yu, J Z Bao
Objective: To evaluate the acute effects of daily mean temperature on ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in 12 counties across Hubei Province, China. Methods: We obtained the daily IHD mortality data and meteorological data of the 12 counties for 2009-2012. The distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) was used to estimate the community-specific association between mean temperature and IHD mortality. A multivariate meta-analysis was then applied to pool the community-specific relationship between temperature and IHD mortality, and the effects of cold and heat on mortality risk...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Anastasia Mihailidou, Anthony Ashton
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be a major burden of disease, despite rapid reperfusion interventions. Reperfusion of ischemic hearts (reperfusion injury) induces free radical generation, activation of early stress responses and apoptosis, which contributes to ventricular remodeling and dysfunction, which may lead to developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists have been shown clinically to reduce blood pressure, particularly in resistant hypertension, and substantially increase survival in heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Anastasia Mihailidou, Anthony Ashton
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be a major burden of disease, despite rapid reperfusion interventions. Reperfusion of ischemic hearts (reperfusion injury) induces free radical generation, activation of early stress responses and apoptosis, which contributes to ventricular remodeling and dysfunction, which may lead to developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists have been shown clinically to reduce blood pressure, particularly in resistant hypertension, and substantially increase survival in heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Salvatore Santo Signorelli, Guido Li Volsi, Valerio Fiore, Marco Mangiafico, Ignazio Barbagallo, Rosalba Parenti, Manfredi Rizzo, Giovanni Li Volti
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis. A number of emerging risk factors, including oxidative stress biomarkers, free radicals and heat shock proteins, may add to the established risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The present study assessed surrogate markers of oxidative stress, including total reduced glutathione (GSH), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), isoprostanes, heme oxygenase‑1 (HO‑1) and metabolic biomarkers, such as adiponectin and lactate, in PAD patients (n=27)...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
A Jekell, M Kalani, T Kahan
OBJECTIVE: To study whether reducing noradrenergic sympathetic vascular tone by doxazosin or blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system by ramipril will alter endothelial function in patients with uncomplicated hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Mild-to-moderate hypertensive patients (age 54 ± 12 years, 34% women, blood pressure (BP) 148 ± 11/88 ± 9 mmHg) were randomized double-blind to ramipril (10 mg od, n = 33) or doxazosin (8 mg od, n = 28) for 12 weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Qurrat Ul Ain, Jong Hwan Lee, Young Sun Woo, Yong-Hee Kim
Protein drugs have attracted considerable attention as therapeutic agents due to their diversity and biocompatibility. However, hydrophilic proteins possess difficulty in penetrating lipophilic cell membrane. Although protein transduction domains (PTDs) have shown effectiveness in protein delivery, the importance of selection and position of PTDs in recombinant protein vector constructs has not been investigated. This study intends to investigate the significance of PTD selection and position for therapeutic protein delivery...
September 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Qian Li, Yumiko Nakano, Jingwei Shang, Yasuyuki Ohta, Kota Sato, Mami Takemoto, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
BACKGROUND: Stress proteins have been found to play important protective roles against ischemic brain injury under hypoxic, oxidative, heat shock, and proteasome stresses. METHODS: In the present study, we investigated the temporal profiles of the major stress proteins including hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), glutathione (GSH), heat shock protein 72 (HSP72), constitutive heat shock cognate protein 73 (HSC73), and ubiquitin after 45 minutes of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in the mice brain up to 7 days after reperfusion...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Tetsumori Yamashima
Neurons are highly specialized post-mitotic cells, so their homeostasis and survival depend on the tightly-regulated, continuous protein degradation, synthesis, and turnover. In neurons, autophagy is indispensable to facilitate recycling of long-lived, damaged proteins and organelles in a lysosome-dependent manner. Since lysosomal proteolysis under basal conditions performs an essential housekeeping function, inhibition of the proteolysis exacerbates level of neurodegeneration. The latter is characterized by an accumulation of abnormal proteins or organelles within autophagic vacuoles which reveal as 'granulo-vacuolar degenerations' on microscopy...
June 13, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
Sumeet S Mitter, Rajesh Vedanthan, Farhad Islami, Akram Pourshams, Hooman Khademi, Farin Kamangar, Christian C Abnet, Sanford M Dawsey, Paul D Pharoah, Paul Brennan, Valentin Fuster, Paolo Boffetta, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution is the third largest risk factor for global disease burden, but direct links with cardiovascular disease mortality are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between household fuel use and cardiovascular disease mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Golestan Cohort Study in northeastern Iran enrolled 50 045 individuals 40 to 75 years of age between 2004 and 2008 and collected data on lifetime household fuel use and other baseline exposures...
June 14, 2016: Circulation
Hong Chen, Jun Wang, Qiongsi Li, Abderrahmane Yagouti, Eric Lavigne, Richard Foty, Richard T Burnett, Paul J Villeneuve, Sabit Cakmak, Ray Copes
BACKGROUND: Ambient high temperature is associated with death; however, heat-related risk of death has not been quantified systematically in Ontario, the most populous province in Canada. Less is known about cold-related risk in this population. Our objective was to quantify the health impact from cold and hot temperatures in Ontario. METHODS: The study population consisted of all residents of Ontario who died between Jan. 1, 1996, and Dec. 31, 2010, from any nonaccidental cause...
January 2016: CMAJ Open
Chisato Imai, Adrian G Barnett, Masahiro Hashizume, Yasushi Honda
Many studies have found that cardiovascular deaths mostly occur within a few days of exposure to heat, whereas cold-related deaths can occur up to 30 days after exposure. We investigated whether influenza infection could explain the delayed cold effects on ischemic heart diseases (IHD) as they can trigger IHD. We hypothesized two pathways between cold exposure and IHD: a direct pathway and an indirect pathway through influenza infection. We created a multi-state model of the pathways and simulated incidence data to examine the observed delayed patterns in cases...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Xiaojuan Liu, Chao Zhang, Chi Zhang, Jingjing Li, Wanwan Guo, Daliang Yan, Chen Yang, Jianhua Zhao, Tian Xia, Yuqing Wang, Rong Xu, Xiang Wu, Jiahai Shi
Irreversible damage of cardiac function arisen from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI) leads to an emerging challenge in the treatments of cardiac ischemic diseases. Molecular chaperone heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) attenuates heat-stimulated cell autophagy, apoptosis, and damage in the heart. Under specific conditions, autophagy may, directly or indirectly, induce cell death including necroptosis. Whether HSP70 inhibits cardiomyocyte necroptosis via suppressing autophagy during MIRI is unknown. In our study, HSP70 expression was opposite to necroptosis marker RIP1 and autophagy marker LC3A/B expression after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MIR) in vivo...
June 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Suvi T Vaara, Päivi Lakkisto, Katariina Immonen, Ilkka Tikkanen, Tero Ala-Kokko, Ville Pettilä
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis is a key mechanism involved in ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI), but its role in septic AKI is controversial. Biomarkers indicative of apoptosis could potentially detect developing AKI prior to its clinical diagnosis. METHODS: As a part of the multicenter, observational FINNAKI study, we performed a pilot study among critically ill patients who developed AKI (n = 30) matched to critically ill patients without AKI (n = 30). We explored the urine and plasma levels of cytokeratin-18 neoepitope M30 (CK-18 M30), cell-free DNA, and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) at intensive care unit (ICU) admission and 24h thereafter, before the clinical diagnosis of AKI defined by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes -creatinine and urine output criteria...
2016: PloS One
L F Yakovenko, Y V Smalyuk, L M Kapustyan, S A Chornyy, A P Pogrebnaya, V N Granich, A S Dobrochod, E A Torbas, A D Radchenko, Yu N Sirenko, L L Sidorik
More than 12.1 million people with hypertension (32.2% of the adult population) were registered in Ukraine according to the official statistics on 1 January 2011. The etiopathogenesis of AH is not fully established. Hsp60 is the molecular chaperon/chaperonin, and it's expression significantly increases in response to different kinds of stress (emotional stress, infections, smoking etc). Elevated blood pressure is a mechanical stress to the endothelium and it can induce expression of heat-shock protein 60 (Hsp60) on the endothelial cell surface...
April 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
Hsei-Wei Wang, Shu-Han Su, Yen-Li Wang, Shih-Ting Chang, Ko-Hsun Liao, Hung-Hao Lo, Ya-Lin Chiu, Tsung-Han Hsieh, Tse-Shun Huang, Chin-Sheng Lin, Shu-Meng Cheng, Cheng-Chung Cheng
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that is increasing worldwide. Furthermore, it is associated with the deregulation of vascular-related functions, which can develop into major complications among DM patients. Endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) have the potential to bring about medical repairs because of their post-natal angiogenic activities; however, such activities are impaired by high glucose- (HG) and the DM-associated conditions. Far-infrared radiation (FIR) transfers energy as heat that is perceived by the thermoreceptors in human skin...
2016: PloS One
Jia Qi, Yan Liu, Ping Yang, Ting Chen, Xin Zhu Liu, You Yin, Jian Zhang, Feng Wang
Metalloproteinase (MMP)9 plays a pivotal role in ischemic stroke induced blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption. Correlation between HSP90 and MMP9 in several diseases prompted us to evaluate the efficacy of HSP90 inhibition as a novel approach to protect BBB integrity in ischemic stroke. ELISA was used to detect HSP90α and MMP9 in serum samples of stroke patients, which showed that HSP90α significantly correlated with MMP9 among 63 serum samples of stroke patients. Male C57/BL6 mice were pretreated with 17-Dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG) or vehicle before being subjected to transient occlusion of middle cerebral artery and reperfusion (MCAO)...
2015: American Journal of Translational Research
Louise Tzung-Harn Hsieh, Helena Frey, Madalina-Viviana Nastase, Claudia Tredup, Adrian Hoffmann, Chiara Poluzzi, Jinyang Zeng-Brouwers, Tina Manon-Jensen, Katrin Schröder, Ralf P Brandes, Renato V Iozzo, Liliana Schaefer
Biglycan, a ubiquitous proteoglycan, acts as a danger signal when released from the extracellular matrix. As such, biglycan triggers the synthesis and maturation of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in a Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2-, TLR4-, and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent manner. Here, we discovered that biglycan autonomously regulates the balance in IL-1β production in vitro and in vivo by modulating expression, activity and stability of NADPH oxidase (NOX) 1, 2 and 4 enzymes via different TLR pathways...
January 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Margit L Bleecker
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, nonirritant gas that accounts for numerous cases of CO poisoning every year from a variety of sources of incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. These include poorly functioning heating systems, indoor propane-powered forklifts, indoor burning of charcoal burning briquettes, riding in the back of pick-up trucks, ice skating rinks using propane-powered resurfacing machines, and gasoline-powered generators that are not in correct locations. Once CO is inhaled it binds with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) with an affinity 200 times greater than oxygen that leads to decreased oxygen-carrying capacity and decreased release of oxygen to tissues leading to tissue hypoxia...
2015: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Julianne H Grose, Kelsey Langston, Xiaohui Wang, Shayne Squires, Soumyajit Banerjee Mustafi, Whitney Hayes, Jonathan Neubert, Susan K Fischer, Matthew Fasano, Gina Moore Saunders, Qiang Dai, Elisabeth Christians, E Douglas Lewandowski, Peipei Ping, Ivor J Benjamin
Small Heat Shock Proteins (sHSPs) are molecular chaperones that transiently interact with other proteins, thereby assisting with quality control of proper protein folding and/or degradation. They are also recruited to protect cells from a variety of stresses in response to extreme heat, heavy metals, and oxidative-reductive stress. Although ten human sHSPs have been identified, their likely diverse biological functions remain an enigma in health and disease, and much less is known about non-redundant roles in selective cells and tissues...
2015: PloS One
Germán A Colareda, María I Ragone, Alicia E Consolini
Although the phytoestrogen genistein (Gen) is considered protective in cardiovascular diseases, its direct effects on stunned hearts after transient ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) are unknown. This report studied the effects of 20 μmol/L Gen on the mechano-calorimetric behaviour during I/R of rat and guinea pig hearts to evaluate the energetics of Ca(2+) homeostasis. Isolated beating hearts were perfused with control Krebs solution inside a calorimeter with or without perfusion of Gen before a transient period of I/R...
January 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
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