Read by QxMD icon Read

intranasal dexmedetomidine AND emergence agitation

Yiquan Lin, Ying Chen, Jingxia Huang, Hongbin Chen, Weihua Shen, Wenjun Guo, Qianru Chen, Hongfeng Ling, Xiaoliang Gan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that premedication with a single dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine (DEX) could not only reduce preoperative anxiety but also minimize the emergence agitation in children undergoing cataract surgery with sevoflurane anesthesia. DESIGN: Single-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical comparison study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 and 2 children scheduled for cataract surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Ravi Bhat, M C B Santhosh, Venkatesh M Annigeri, Raghavendra P Rao
BACKGROUND: Goal of premedication in pediatric anesthesia are relieving pre and postoperative anxiety, good parental separation, and smooth induction of anesthesia. Anxiety can produce aggressive reactions, increased distress, increased postoperative pain and postoperative agitation. The benzodiazepine, midazolam, is the most frequently used premedication in pediatric anesthesia. Midazolam has a number of beneficial effects when used as premedication in children: Sedation, fast onset, and limited duration of action...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Anindya Mukherjee, Anjan Das, Sandip Roy Basunia, Surajit Chattopadhyay, Ratul Kundu, Raghunath Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVE: Emergence agitation (EA), a short-lived, self-limiting phenomenon, arises frequently after the use of inhalational agents and hampers the implementation of pediatric ambulatory surgery in spite of using so many drugs with variable efficacy. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blinded, parallel group study (2008-2009), 80 children of both sex aged 3-7 years, with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status grade I-II, undergoing sevoflurane-based general anesthesia for elective day care surgery were randomly assigned into groups C or D...
January 2015: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Aynur Akin, Adnan Bayram, Aliye Esmaoglu, Zeynep Tosun, Recep Aksu, Resul Altuntas, Adem Boyaci
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine, an α(2)-receptor agonist, provides sedation, analgesia, and anxiolytic effects, and these properties make it a potentially useful anesthetic premedication. In this study, we compared the effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine and midazolam on mask induction and preoperative sedation in pediatric patients. METHODS: Ninety children classified as ASA physical status I, aged between 2 and 9, who were scheduled to undergo an elective adenotonsillectomy, were enrolled for a prospective, randomized, and double-blind controlled trial...
September 2012: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Sophie R Pestieau, Zenaide M N Quezado, Yewande J Johnson, Jennifer L Anderson, Yao I Cheng, Robert J McCarter, Maria T Pena, Julia C Finkel
BACKGROUND: Bilateral myringotomy (BMT) is a commonly performed otolaryngologic procedure in children. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine, an α(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, on time-averaged pain scores, pain control, need for rescue analgesia, and agitation scores in children undergoing BMT. METHODS: We designed a trial to enroll 160 children randomized to one of four groups: two study groups, dexmedetomidine (1 or 2 μg·kg(-1)), or two control groups representing our institutional standards of practice (intranasal fentanyl-2 μg·kg(-1) or acetaminophen as needed postoperatively)...
November 2011: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"