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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953092/the-effects-of-mucuna-pruriens-extract-on-histopathological-and-biochemical-features-in-the-rat-model-of-ischemia
#1
Vanishri S Nayak, Nitesh Kumar, Antony S D'Souza, Sunil S Nayak, Sri P Cheruku, K Sreedhara Ranganath Pai
Stroke is considered to be one of the most important causes of death worldwide. Global ischemia causes widespread brain injury and infarctions in various regions of the brain. Oxidative stress can be considered an important factor in the development of tissue damage, which is caused because of arterial occlusion with subsequent reperfusion. Kapikacchu or Mucuna pruriens, commonly known as velvet bean, is well known for its aphrodisiac activities. It is also used in the treatment of snakebites, depressive neurosis, and Parkinson's disease...
December 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943854/insulin-signaling-in-the-peripheral-and-central-nervous-system-regulates-female-sexual-receptivity-during-starvation-in-drosophila
#2
Sébastien Lebreton, Mikael A Carlsson, Peter Witzgall
Many animals adjust their reproductive behavior according to nutritional state and food availability. Drosophila females for instance decrease their sexual receptivity following starvation. Insulin signaling, which regulates many aspects of insect physiology and behavior, also affects reproduction in females. We show that insulin signaling is involved in the starvation-induced reduction in female receptivity. More specifically, females mutant for the insulin-like peptide 5 (dilp5) were less affected by starvation compared to the other dilp mutants and wild-type flies...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930265/a-review-on-ethno-medicinal-and-pharmacological-activities-of-sphenocentrum-jollyanum-pierre
#3
REVIEW
Olubukola Sinbad Olorunnisola, Olumide Samuel Fadahunsi, Peter Adegbola
Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre is a member of a diverse family of plants known as Menispermaceae. They are famous for a plethora of important biological functions. S. jollyanum is a shrub native to the tropical forest zones of West Africa and thrives in deep shade. It is widely cultivated in Cameroun, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire. S. jollyanum is employed in folk medicine as a cure for wounds, fever, coughs, high blood pressure, breast tumor, constipation, and as an aphrodisiac. Phytochemical investigations revealed that the plant is a rich source of secondary metabolites such as annin, alkaloids, saponins, and flavonoids...
July 3, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867285/mating-in-the-closest-living-relatives-of-animals-is-induced-by-a-bacterial-chondroitinase
#4
Arielle Woznica, Joseph P Gerdt, Ryan E Hulett, Jon Clardy, Nicole King
We serendipitously discovered that the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri induces sexual reproduction in one of the closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellate Salpingoeca rosetta. Although bacteria influence everything from nutrition and metabolism to cell biology and development in eukaryotes, bacterial regulation of eukaryotic mating was unexpected. Here, we show that a single V. fischeri protein, the previously uncharacterized EroS, fully recapitulates the aphrodisiac-like activity of live V...
September 7, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839372/quassinoids-from-the-root-of-eurycoma-longifolia-and-their-antiproliferative-activity-on-human-cancer-cell-lines
#5
Nguyen Huu Tung, Takuhiro Uto, Nguyen Thanh Hai, Gang Li, Yukihiro Shoyama
BACKGROUND: The roots of Eurycoma longifolia Jack have traditionally been used as an aphrodisiac tonic besides the other remedies for boils, fever, bleeding gums, and wound ulcer. Recently, the antiproliferative activity of E. longifolia has been reported and remained attractive to natural chemists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to study on antiproliferative compounds from the root of E. longifolia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Column chromatography was used to separate individual compounds, spectroscopic data including nuclear magnetic resonances and mass spectrometry were analyzed to determine the chemical structure of the isolates and for biological testing, antiproliferative activity of compounds was tested on seven human cancer cell lines (KATO III, HCT-15, Colo205, HepG2, PC-3, Jurkat, HL-60) by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836990/wound-healing-effect-of-euphorbia-hirta-linn-euphorbiaceae-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#6
Riazul Haque Tuhin, Marium Begum, Sohanur Rahman, Rubaba Karim, Taslima Begum, Siraj Uddin Ahmed, Ronia Mostofa, Amir Hossain, Mohamed Abdel-Daim, Rayhana Begum
BACKGROUND: Euphorbia hirta linn., is a species of Euphorbiaceae family. They are known as asthma plant, barokhervi. The plant E. hirta is famous for its medicinal importance among the tribal population. It is a common practice to use the whole to heal wounds. Several pharmacological properties including antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antidibetic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anticonvulsant, nootropic, antifertility and aphrodisiac properties have already been reported for this plant...
August 24, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830817/evaluation-of-the-aphrodisiac-potential-of-a-chemically-characterized-aqueous-extract-of-tamarindus-indica-pulp
#7
Amita Rai, Snehashis Das, Mallikarjuna Rao Chamallamudi, Krishnadas Nandakumar, Raghavendra Shetty, Meghna Gill, Suhani Sumalatha, Raviraj Devkar, Karthik Gourishetti, Nitesh Kumar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tamarindus indica is an ingredient in the traditional aphrodisiac formulations in Africa and India. It is also a widely used food ingredient in other tropical countries. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed to evaluate the aphrodisiac potential and reproductive safety profile of aqueous extract of Tamarindus indica in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aqueous extract was prepared by maceration of pulp followed by reduction of volume in rotavapor under heat followed by freeze drying...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#8
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp. has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1300-2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761827/spectroscopic-and-spectrometric-methods-used-for-the-screening-of-certain-herbal-food-supplements-suspected-of-adulteration
#9
Cristina Mateescu, Anca Mihaela Popescu, Gabriel Lucian Radu, Tatiana Onisei, Adina Elena Raducanu
Purpose: This study was carried out in order to find a reliable method for the fast detection of adulterated herbal food supplements with sexual enhancement claims. As some herbal products are advertised as "all natural", their "efficiency" is often increased by addition of active pharmaceutical ingredients such as PDE-5 inhibitors, which can be a real health threat for the consumer. Methodes: Adulterants, potentially present in 50 herbal food supplements with sexual improvement claims, were detected using 2 spectroscopic methods - Raman and Fourier Transform Infrared - known for reliability, reproductibility, and an easy sample preparation...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749782/erection-stimulating-anti-diabetic-and-antioxidant-properties-of-hunteria-umbellata-and-cylicodiscus-gabunensis-water-extractable-phytochemicals
#10
Ganiyu Oboh, Adeniyi A Adebayo, Ayokunle O Ademosun
Background Herbs have been used as an aphrodisiac since ages. This study was designed to investigate the effects of Hunteria umbellata (HU) seeds and Cylicodiscus gabunensis (CG) stem barks aqueous extracts on key enzymes relevant to erectile dysfunction (phosphodiesterase-5 and arginase) and type-2 diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase). Methods In ascertaining the erectogenic and antidiabetic properties of the extracts, the effects of the extracts on activities of some enzymes relevant to erectile dysfunction (arginase and phosphodiesterase-5) and type-2 diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) were determined...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733191/ethnomedicobotanical-study-of-indigenous-knowledge-on-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-reproductive-problems-in-nalbari-district-assam-india
#11
Partha Pradip Adhikari, Simi Talukdar, Ananta Borah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reproductive problems are becoming the most predominant health care problems in many countries. World Health Organization (WHO), in 2012, also exemplified maternal illnesses, for instance, birth asphyxia and post birth difficulties are rising at an alarming rate. In addition, not all abnormalities of the human reproductive system have the same origin; the effects of reproductive problems would likely been affected by both male and female. For easy accessibility and affordability, medicinal plants are playing crucial role in primary healthcare services in India and their use is moreover, an integral part of the cultural heritage...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721818/eurycoma-longifolia-a-potential-phytomedicine-for-the-treatment-of-cancer-evidence-of-p53-mediated-apoptosis-in-cancerous-cells
#12
Hnin Ei Thu, Zahid Hussain, Isa Naina Mohamed, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid
BACKGROUND: Eurycoma longifolia is a well-documented herbal medicine that has gained widespread recognition due to its versatile pharmacological activities including anticancer, anti-malarial, antimicrobial, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, anti-diabetic, anti-rheumatism and anti-ulcer. Plethora of in vitro and in vivo studies evidenced their excellent anti-proliferative and anticancer efficacy against various types of human cancers. OBJECTIVE: This review was aimed to critically analyze the therapeutic viability and anticancer efficacy of Eurycoma longifolia in the treatment of cancer and also to propose its molecular and translational mechanism of cytotoxicity against cancerous cells...
July 18, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705718/antimicrobial-peptide-repertoire-of-thitarodes-armoricanus-a-host-species-of-ophiocordyceps-sinensis-predicted-based-on-de-novo-transcriptome-sequencing-and-analysis
#13
Min Wang, Xianda Hu
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is an entomopathogenic fungus that parasitizes the larvae of ghost moths. The fungus-caterpillar complex resulting from fungal parasitism is a medicinally and economically important traditional Chinese medicine famous for its tonic, aphrodisiac and immunomodulatory activity. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which play predominant roles in responding to infection of pathogenic microorganisms in the immune system of ghost moths, may remain behind the fungus-caterpillar complex. Thitarodes armoricanus, as a widely distributed ghost moth on the Tibetan Plateau, is the first reported and one of the most common host insects of O...
July 11, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693591/aphrodisiac-potentials-of-the-ethanol-extract-of-aloe-barbadensis-mill-root-in-male-wistar-rats
#14
Joseph O Erhabor, MacDonald Idu
BACKGROUND: Aloe barbadensis (AB) is a short stemmed succulent medicinal herb that is being used by locals in Nigeria to enhance libido. Therefore this study evaluates the aphrodisiac potential and acute toxicological effect of A. barbadensis (AB) root in male Wistar rats. METHODS: Aphrodisiac potential was determined following the oral administration of graded doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) of ethanol extract of A. barbadensis root. Sildenafil citrate (Viagra) and distilled water served as positive and negative controls respectively...
July 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685547/in-vitro-antioxidant-potential-of-selected-aphrodisiac-medicinal-plants
#15
M Riaz, M Shahid, A Jamil, M Saqib
The present study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant activity of six selected aphrodisiac medicinal plants. Useful parts of the selected medicinal plants were collected and extracted in methanolic solvent. The antioxidant activity of selected plant extract was determined through different antioxidant assays, namely DPPH radical scavenging assay and ferric reducing antioxidant assay. Moreover, antioxidant compounds, like total phenolics and total flavonoids contents, were also determined. Results showed that Mucuna pruriens seed extract displayed high contents of phenolic compounds with total phenolic content of 683...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637417/effect-of-heteropterys-aphrodisiaca-on-anxiety-and-male-exposure-of-female-mice-with-advanced-age
#16
Daniela Miranda Farias, Maria Silvia Ostetto, Rozimeri Colleti, Thais Barbosa, Jorge Aparecido Barros, Sergio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez, Susana E Moreno, André Barciela Veras
BACKGROUND: Effect of Heteropterys aphrodisiac (dog-node) on anxiety and function Of adult female wistar mice. The Project is an experiment with the use of Of H. aphrodisiac root extract, in order to observe the frequency of Sexual exposure of females exposed to the extract, quantify the effect of the extract on the Concentration of total testosterone and observe the anxiety levels of the animals Exposed. Results will be measured with the laboratory testosterone test and LCE and CA tests...
June 21, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584490/chromatographic-isolation-and-spectroscopic-identification-of-phytoconstituents-of-jujuba-seeds-zizyphus-jujuba-mill
#17
Md Manowwar Alam, Abuzer Ali, Mohammad Ali, Showkat R Mir
BACKGROUND: The seeds of Zizyphus jujuba Mill. (Rhamnaceae) are astringent, aphrodisiac, tonic; used to cure cough, asthma, vomiting, burning sensation, biliousness, leucorrhoea, and eye infections in traditional systems of medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract of seeds of Z. jujuba was partitioned into petroleum ether and water soluble fractions. Isolation of compounds was performed by silica gel column chromatography. The structures of isolated compounds were established on the basis of spectral studies and chemical reactions...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#18
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508664/aphrodisiac-activity-of-the-aqueous-crude-extract-of-purple-corn-zea-mays-in-male-rats
#19
Miguel Carro-Juárez, Magdalena G Rodríguez-Santiago, Miguel Angel Franco, María Eugenia Hueletl-Soto
In the present study, the aphrodisiac properties of the purple corn ( Zea mays) in male rats were analyzed. The aqueous crude extract of purple corn (at 25, 50, and 75 mg/kg) was administered to ( a) copulating male rats and ( b) anesthetized and spinal cord transected male rats. Behavioral parameters of copulatory behavior and parameters of the genital motor pattern of ejaculation previous to its inhibition, under the influence of the purple corn extract, are described. Administration of the aqueous crude extract of purple corn significantly facilitates the arousal and execution of male rat sexual behavior without significant influences on the ambulatory behavior...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503050/fingerroot-boesenbergia-rotunda-and-its-aphrodisiac-activity
#20
REVIEW
Oranun Ongwisespaiboon, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Boesenbergia rotunda (Family: Zingiberaceae) as known as fingerroot is a daily food ingredient and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anti-allergic, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiulcer activities and also shown wound healing. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, and phenolics. This plant is rich in boesenbergin, krachaizin, panduratin, and pinostrobin, all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including aphrodisiac property...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
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