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N K Lohiya, K Balasubramanian, A S Ansari
India is a home for a large variety of plants with remarkable medicinal and pharmacological value. Traditional medicine in the form of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has used many of these plants since ancient days for treating and curing various ailments of the body. When it comes to issues related to reproductive health, people still hesitate to discuss and/or accept it openly and hence look for alternate and natural remedies. The various tribal populations distributed across different parts of the country still use these plant extracts in various formulations for maintenance of good health...
October 2016: Andrologia
N Malviya, S Malviya, S Jain, S Vyas
Male sexual dysfunction is a common disorder that appears to be a consequence of a wide range of physical and psychological conditions. Due to mental stress, insufficient physical exercise and various aetiological factors, human being's life is becoming less pleasant, which leads to incapability to have sexual pleasure. The allopathic drugs used for sexual dysfunction are believed to produce a variety of side effects and affect other physiological processes and, ultimately, general health. Therefore, the search for natural supplement from medicinal plants is being intensified probably because of less side effects availability and affordability...
October 2016: Andrologia
G Brusotti, A Papetti, M Serra, C Temporini, E Marini, S Orlandini, A Kada Sanda, P Watcho, P Kamtchouing
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. is one of the most commonly used medicinal plant in Cameroon. The stem bark of the plant is traditionally used for its aphrodisiac and antihypertensive properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: To validate the traditional uses of Allanblackia floribunda stem bark ethanol extract through the evaluation of their aphrodisiac and vasorelaxant properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extract's ability to increase sexual desire and the frequencies of erection (mount), intromission and prolonged latency of ejaculation were studied on adult male rats...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Musa Toyin Yakubu, Abdulquadri Funmbi Olutoye
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the aphrodisiac activity of aqueous extract of Anthonotha macrophylla leaves (AEAML) in female Wistar rats. METHODS: Thirty female rats were assigned into five groups of six animals each, such that rats in groups A, B, C, D and E received orally 1 mL of distilled water only, 5.7 mg/kg body weight (BW) of Exus Ginseng (a polyherbal formulation), 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg BW of AEAML, respectively. After 1 h of treatment, female sexual behaviour parameters were monitored for 30 min...
September 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Kazim Sahin, Cemal Orhan, Fatih Akdemir, Mehmet Tuzcu, Hasan Gencoglu, Nurhan Sahin, Gaffari Turk, Ismet Yilmaz, Ibrahim H Ozercan, Vijaya Juturu
BACKGROUND: Mucuna pruriens, Tribulus terrestris and Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) are widely known as antioxidant effective herbals and have been reported to possess aphrodisiac activities in traditional usages. In this study, we determined the effects of these herbals on sexual functions, serum biochemical parameters, oxidative stress and levels of NF-κB, Nrf2, and HO-1 in reproductive tissues. METHODS: Thirty-five male rats were divided into five groups: the control group, sildenafil-treated group (5 mg/kg/d), Mucuna, Tribulus and Ashwagandha groups...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Meghan Laturney, Jean-Christophe Billeter
Males from many species ensure paternity by preventing their mates from copulating with other males. One mate-guarding strategy involves marking females with anti-aphrodisiac pheromones (AAPs), which reduces the females' attractiveness and dissuades other males from courting. Since females benefit from polyandry, sexual conflict theory predicts that females should develop mechanisms to counteract AAPs to achieve additional copulations, but no such mechanisms have been documented. Here we show that during copulation Drosophila melanogaster males transfer two AAPs: cis-Vaccenyl Acetate (cVA) to the females' reproductive tract, and 7-Tricosene (7-T) to the females' cuticle...
2016: Nature Communications
Pranjul Arora, Dhirender Kaushik
Benincasa cerifera (Savi.), belonging to Cucurbitaceae, is an annual creepy wine that posses highm edicinal value and istraditionally used as fruit and medicine throughout India. In Indian system of medicine, its fruit is used as nutritive, tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, styptic, vermifuge and in various diseases and disorders like asthma, bronchitis, insanity, epilepsy, dry cough, fever, urethrorrhea, syphilis, hyperdipsia and vitiated conditions of pitta, etc. Phytochemically the plant is found to contain lupeol, β-sitosterol, cucurbitacin B, iso-vitexin, etc...
July 28, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Hui-Li Tan, Kok-Gan Chan, Priyia Pusparajah, Surasak Saokaew, Acharaporn Duangjai, Learn-Han Lee, Bey-Hing Goh
Epimedium (family Berberidaceae), commonly known as Horny Goat Weed or Yin Yang Huo, is commonly used as a tonic, aphrodisiac, anti-rheumatic and anti-cancer agent in traditional herbal formulations in Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. The major bioactive compounds present within this plant include icariin, icaritin and icariside II. Although it is best known for its aphrodisiac properties, scientific and pharmacological studies suggest it possesses broad therapeutic capabilities, especially for enhancing reproductive function and osteoprotective, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory and immunoprotective effects...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Yue Li, Robert A Mathews
The study of insect behavior is of practical importance for developing possible control methods in Integrated Pest Management. Currently, one model of butterfly mating behavior suggests that the initial location of potential mates occurs visually followed by the release of one or more short-range male aphrodisiac pheromones. This model is supported by data obtained from field observations and inferences based on the behavioral effects of chemicals extracted or isolated using indirect and offline techniques...
August 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
Pratibha Chaturvedi, Vincent Briganza
BACKGROUND: Curculigo orchioides Gaertn (Kali musli; Family: Hypoxidaceae) is an endangered medicinal plant used for many medicinal purposes such as impotency, aphrodisiac, tonic, jaundice, and skin ailments. Its hepatoprotective, antioxidant, and anti-cancerous potential have also been evaluated by many scientists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to enhance the curculigoside content in tissue culture of C. orchioides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study deals with the enhancement of an active compound of C...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Jean Duplex Wansi, Jean Wandji, Norbert Sewald, Lutfun Nahar, Claire Martin, Satyajit Dey Sarker
AIMS: Traditional medicinal use of species of the genus Drypetes is widespread in the tropical regions. The aim of this review is to systematically appraise the literature available to date on phytochemistry, ethnopharmacology, toxicology and bioactivity (in vitro and in vivo) of crude extracts and purified compounds. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Drypetes (Putranjivaceae) are used in the Subsaharan African and Asian traditional medicines to treat a multitude of disorders, like dysentery, gonorrhoea, malaria, rheumatism, sinusitis, tumours, as well as for the treatment of wounds, headache, urethral problems, fever in young children, typhoid and several other ailments...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Daniel Zavala-Mendoza, Laura Grasa, Miguel Ángel Zavala-Sánchez, Salud Pérez-Gutiérrez, María Divina Murillo
The Chrysactinia mexicana A. Gray (C. mexicana) plant is used in folk medicine to treat fever and rheumatism; it is used as a diuretic, antispasmodic; and it is used for its aphrodisiac properties. This study investigates the effects of the essential oil of C. mexicana (EOCM) on the contractility of rabbit ileum and the mechanisms of action involved. Muscle contractility studies in vitro in an organ bath to evaluate the response to EOCM were performed in the rabbit ileum. EOCM (1-100 µg·mL(-1)) reduced the amplitude and area under the curve of spontaneous contractions of the ileum...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
M A Abbas
Male sexual dysfunction is a serious problem which has an impact on the quality of life. In Jordanian folk medicine, 56 plant species were reported to be used by males to improve sexual potency and as aphrodisiacs. The aim of this study was to search for scientific evidence justifying their folk use. Of the 15 studied plants, only five were found to enhance spermatogenesis. The other 10 were reported to decrease spermatogenesis at least by one study. The majority of the studied plants possessed a protective effect on testis in different in vivo models as well as antioxidant activities...
June 17, 2016: Andrologia
Nick J Royle
How is sexual conflict during reproduction resolved when parents collaborate to rear offspring? A new study shows that female burying beetles communicate their hormonal status to their male partners to avoid costly superfluous mating, using an anti-aphrodisiac pheromone.
June 6, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Idris Bello, Mustapha W Shehu, Mustapha Musa, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Roziahanim Mahmud
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kigelia africana is a quintessential African herbal medicinal plant with a pan-African distribution and immense indigenous medicinal and non-medicinal applications. The plant is use traditionally as a remedy for numerous disease such as use wounds healing, rheumatism, psoriasis, diarrhea and stomach ailments. It is also use as an aphrodisiac and for skin care. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present review aims to compile an up-to-date review of the progress made in the continuous pharmacological and phytochemistry investigation of K...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yan-yan Zhou, Hai-yu Zhao, Nan Si, Hong-jie Wang, Bao-lin Gian
Maca as one of the star products in the international health care market in recent years, had a wide range of application value and promoted to all over the world. However, the basic research of Maca was not deep, lack of systematic and clear efficacy studies. Market products hype its aphrodisiac effect, which greatly impact more systematic in-depth research and exploration. Therefore, this paper briefly summarizes advance research in recent years including the status quo of the resources, growth cultivation, phytochemical, pharmacological effect and other aspects, which can provide reference for rational development and utilization of Maca...
December 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Marghoob Hasan, Abdelmarouf Mohieldein
INTRODUCTION: Phoenix dactylifera (date palm) is major fruit of gulf region. In folk medicine; dates have been traditionally use. The date seed is used as hypoglycaemic, expectorant, tonic, aphrodisiac, antidiarrheic and mouth hygiene. AIM: This study intended to evaluate the anti-diabetic, hypolipidaemic and antioxidative activities of date seed extract in diabetes-induced rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total of seven groups of rats, consisting of control rats and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats treated with aqueous seed extract in concentration of 100g/L in dosage of 10ml/day/rat...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Griangsak Eumkeb, Sudarat Tanphonkrang, Kittipot Sirichaiwetchakoon, Tanaporn Hengpratom, Wanatkamon Naknarong
Butea superba Roxb. (BS) has been used in Thai men as an aphrodisiac, and prevent erectile dysfunction. Nevertheless, the active ingredients, dosages, have not been cleared. Hence, this study was to investigate the effect of compounds from the BS on the reproductive parameters of male mice. The results revealed that BS was extracted to afford biochanin A and genistein, which were first reported on BS, and daidzein. The mice were treated by daidzein and genistein alone and in combination. The results showed that the sperm number and motility, cholesterol and testosterone level of all isoflavones-treated groups were significantly higher than controls (p < 0...
April 29, 2016: Natural Product Research
Sanjay Khedekar, Galib Rukkudin, Basavaiah Ravishankar, Pradeepkumar Prajapati
BACKGROUND: Makaradhwaja a gold containing mercurial preparation used for diabetes mellitus in indigenous system of medicine. It is a popular aphrodisiac and rejuvenator traditional medicine. It is prepared by using processed gold, mercury and sulfur in different ratios by applying intermittent heating pattern in Valuka Yantra. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate anti-diabetic effect of Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja (SBM) on streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats...
March 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Sumanta Kumar Goswami, Mohammed Naseeruddin Inamdar, Shekhar M Dethe, Giligar M Gururaj, Rohitash Jamwal, Anirban Bhaskar, Deepak Mundkinajeddu, Amit Agarwal
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors have been reported to improve penile erection; therefore, sEH could be useful for management of erectile dysfunction. Methanolic and aqueous extracts of 30 Indian medicinal plants were screened for their sEH inhibition potential. Fifteen extracts showed >50% inhibition when screened at 50 µg/mL in sEH inhibition assay. Methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) seeds (MEMO) was most potent with IC50 1.7 ± 0.1 µg/mL and was selected for in vitro studies on isolated rat corpus cavernosum smooth muscle and in vivo sexual behaviour studies on healthy and diabetic rats...
July 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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