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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531821/examining-the-physical-health-and-lifestyle-of-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-qualitative-study-involving-service-users-parents-and-clinicians
#1
Rebekah Carney, Jack Cotter, Tim Bradshaw, Alison R Yung
Emerging evidence suggests young people at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) are also at-risk for poor physical health, and display high rates of modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors. However, before we can develop effective interventions there is a need to understand factors affecting lifestyle choices in the UHR group. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 UHR individuals (50% male; mean age 21.7), 5 parents (4 mothers, 1 father), and 6 clinicians from early intervention services in the Northwest of England to identify barriers and facilitators to living a healthy lifestyle, including achieving regular exercise, eating well and refraining from excessive substance use...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531560/uneasy-encounters-youth-social-dis-comfort-and-the-autistic-self
#2
Edmund Coleman-Fountain
Notions of deficit and 'faultiness' shape depictions of the association between autism and uneasy social relationships. That framing has been the focus of critique by autistic activists and scholars who, exploring autistic people's sociality, reframe issues of social difficulty in terms of inequality and discomfort. Located within this set of debates, the article analyses data from a UK based study of mental health narratives derived from semi-structured interviews with 19 autistic young adults aged 23 to 24...
May 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531344/citation-classics-in-neuro-oncology-assessment-of-historical-trends-and-scientific-progress
#3
Laureen D Hachem, Alireza Mansouri, Kyle Juraschka, Shervin Taslimi, Farhad Pirouzmand, Gelareh Zadeh
Background.: Citation classics represent the highest cited works in a field and are often regarded as the most influential literature. Analyzing thematic trends in citation classics across eras enables recognition of important historical advances within a field. We present the first analysis of the citation classics in neuro-oncology. Methods.: The Web of Science database was searched using terms relevant to "neuro-oncology." Articles with >400 citations were identified and the top 100 cited articles were evaluated...
May 20, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531197/a-narrative-systematic-review-of-factors-affecting-diabetes-prevention-in-primary-care-settings
#4
Josie Messina, Stephen Campbell, Rebecca Morris, Emily Eyles, Caroline Sanders
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is impacting millions of people globally; however, many future cases can be prevented through lifestyle changes and interventions. Primary care is an important setting for diabetes prevention, for at-risk populations, because it is a patient's primary point of contact with the health care system and professionals can provide lifestyle counselling and support, as well as monitoring health outcomes. These are all essential elements for diabetes prevention for at-risk adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531109/physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#5
REVIEW
Shaunna Burke, Amanda Wurz, Andrew Bradshaw, Stephanie Saunders, Malcolm A West, Jennifer Brunet
Qualitative research on the impact of physical activity on quality of life (QoL) in adults diagnosed with cancer is accumulating. However, the field of physical activity and cancer survivorship lack a synthesis of this research to reliably understand the implications for future research and practice. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to identify, appraise, and synthesize qualitative research on cancer survivors' perspectives of the impact of physical activity on their QoL. Seven electronic databases were searched for original studies published in English, and reference lists of relevant studies were hand-searched to identify additional studies...
May 20, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530426/poetry-corner
#6
Shayna Fox Lee
This section briefly presents poetry with a psychology theme. This submission was made by The Cummings Center for the History of Psychology's reference archivist Lizette Royer. Two transcribed poems by Knight Dunlap are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530123/-we-are-a-team-couple-identity-and-memory-loss
#7
Elise Hernandez, Beth Spencer, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Alexandra Faber, Allison Ewert
Couplehood can be an important source of resilience in the face of memory loss, but couple identity has only recently been explored and has rarely been measured. This paper examines older spouses' descriptions of their couple identity and discusses salient themes. Data come from 19 couples from the Couples Life Story Project, a life review intervention where one partner has memory loss. Using baseline data, we analyzed how partners depicted their couple identity using a series of separate and overlapping circles...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530114/patients-and-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-self-management-support-interactions-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#8
Marika Franklin, Sophie Lewis, Karen Willis, Helen Bourke-Taylor, Lorraine Smith
Objective To review studies examining the experience of self-management support in patient-provider interactions and the shaping of goals through interactions. Methods We undertook a systematic review and thematic synthesis of the qualitative literature. We searched six databases (2004-2015) for published studies on the provision of self-management support in one-to-one, face-to-face, patient-provider interactions for obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with 14 articles meeting inclusion criteria...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530038/hiv-treatment-and-care-services-for-adolescents-a-situational-analysis-of-218-facilities-in-23-sub-saharan-african-countries
#9
Daniella Mark, Alice Armstrong, Catarina Andrade, Martina Penazzato, Luann Hatane, Lina Taing, Toby Runciman, Jane Ferguson
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10-19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-governmental organisation (NGO) supporting a network of health facilities across sub-Saharan Africa, undertook a facility-level situational analysis of adolescent HIV treatment and care services in 23 countries...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529936/living-with-hepatitis-c-virus-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-qualitative-literature
#10
REVIEW
Laura E Dowsett, Stephanie Coward, Diane L Lorenzetti, Gail MacKean, Fiona Clement
Background and Aims. The lived experience of HCV has not been well documented in the literature. The aim of this systematic review was to understand the experiences of living with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Methods. Five databases were searched from inception until January 19, 2015. Studies were included if they focused on adults diagnosed with HCV; reported experience living with HCV; and described original research. Results. 46 studies were included. Studies found that participants had reduced quality of life due to physical symptoms...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529224/-i-need-my-own-place-to-get-better-patient-perspectives-on-the-role-of-housing-in-potentially-preventable-hospitalizations
#11
Michelle L Quensell, Deborah A Taira, Todd B Seto, Kathryn L Braun, Tetine L Sentell
OBJECTIVE: To analyze patient perspectives on the role of housing in their potentially preventable hospitalization. METHODS: Individuals admitted with cardiovascular-or diabetes-related diagnoses (n = 90) in a major medical center in Hawai'i completed an in-person interview eliciting patient perspectives on key factors leading to hospitalization. Using the framework approach, two independent coders identified themes. This study focused on housing-related findings...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529100/transcriptional-and-post-transcriptional-gene-regulation-by-long-non-coding-rna
#12
REVIEW
Iain Dykes, Costanza Emanueli
Advances in genomics technology over recent years have led to the surprising discovery that the genome is far more pervasively transcribed than was previously appreciated. Much of the newly-discovered transcriptome appears to represent long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), a heterogeneous group of largely uncharacterised transcripts. Understanding the biological function of these molecules represents a major challenge and in this review we discuss some of the progress made to date. One major theme of lncRNA biology seems to be the existence of a network of interactions with microRNA (miRNA) pathways...
May 18, 2017: Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528986/how-family-members-of-mentally-ill-offenders-experience-the-internment-measure-and-forensic-psychiatric-treatment-in-belgium-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sara Rowaert, Stijn Vandevelde, Gilbert Lemmens, Kurt Audenaert
Mentally ill offenders in Belgium can be subjected to mandated care under an "internment measure" if they are viewed as a danger to society. This study investigated how family members of mentally ill offenders experience this internment measure and view the (forensic) psychiatric treatment of their relative. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 relatives and analysed using Nvivo 11. Six different themes emerged: (1) the criminal offence and the internment measure as an additional stigma, (2) ambivalent feelings towards the judicial system, (3) prison is not the right place to be, (4) mental health support as an answer to problems, (5) fight a losing battle, and (6) while there is life there is hope...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528650/the-role-of-intermetal-competition-and-mis-metalation-in-metal-toxicity
#14
Anna Barwinska-Sendra, Kevin J Waldron
The metals manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc are essential for almost all bacteria, but their precise metal requirements vary by species, by ecological niche and by growth condition. Bacteria thus must acquire each of these essential elements in sufficient quantity to satisfy their cellular demand, but in excess these same elements are toxic. Metal toxicity has been exploited by humanity for centuries, and by the mammalian immune system for far longer, yet the mechanisms by which these elements cause toxicity to bacteria are not fully understood...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528623/organizational-perspectives-of-nurse-executives-in-15-hospitals-on-the-impact-and-effectiveness-of-rapid-response-teams
#15
Patricia L Smith, Jean McSweeney
BACKGROUND: Many hospitals use rapid response teams (RRTs) to respond to deteriorating patients, but it remains unclear what organizations actually monitor. Understanding what organizations value in an RRT may help clarify measurement choices. Interviews were conducted to determine how organizational leaders perceived and evaluated their hospitals' RRTs. METHODS: The study used a descriptive, qualitative design. Participants were nurse executives and key informants in 300- to 500-bed hospitals in the south-central United States and were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528276/a-review-of-neighborhood-effects-and-early-child-development-how-where-and-for-whom-do-neighborhoods-matter
#16
REVIEW
Anita Minh, Nazeem Muhajarine, Magdalena Janus, Marni Brownell, Martin Guhn
This paper describes a scoping review of 42 studies of neighborhood effects on developmental health for children ages 0-6, published between 2009 and 2014. It focuses on three themes: (1) theoretical mechanisms that drive early childhood development, i.e. how neighborhoods matter for early childhood development; (2) dependence of such mechanisms on place-based characteristics i.e. where neighborhood effects occur; (3) dependence of such mechanisms on child characteristics, i.e. for whom is development most affected...
May 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528239/the-experiences-of-women-midwives-and-obstetricians-when-women-decline-recommended-maternity-care-a-feminist-thematic-analysis
#17
Bec Jenkinson, Sue Kruske, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: pregnant women, like all competent adults, have the right to refuse medical treatment, although concerns about maternal and fetal safety can make doing so problematic. Empirical research about refusal of recommended maternity care has mostly described the attitudes of clinicians, with women's perspectives notably absent. DESIGN: feminist thematic analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interviews with women's (n=9), midwives' (n=12) and obstetricians' (n=9) about their experiences of refusal of recommended maternity care...
May 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528179/factors-related-to-a-negative-birth-experience-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Lena Henriksen, Elisabeth Grimsrud, Berit Schei, Mirjam Lukasse
OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to explore factors associated with a negative childbirth experience including descriptions from women themselves. DESIGN: we performed a mixed methods study based on data from the Norwegian cohort of the Bidens study, including a total of 1352 multiparous women. Quantitative information was analysed in addition to thematic analysis of 103 free-text comments provided by women with a prior negative childbirth experience. KEY FINDINGS: the total prevalence of a negative birth experience was 21...
May 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528023/medication-management-activities-performed-by-informal-caregivers-of-older-adults
#19
Kevin A Look, Jamie A Stone
BACKGROUND: Medication management is commonly performed by informal caregivers, yet they are often unprepared and ill-equipped to manage complex medication regimens for their older adult care recipients. In order to develop interventions that will enhance the caregiver's ability to safely and confidently manage medications, it is critical to first understand caregiver challenges and unmet needs related to medication management. OBJECTIVES: To explore how informal caregivers manage medications for their older adult care recipients by identifying the activities involved in medication management and the tools or strategies used to facilitate these activities...
May 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527834/perceptions-of-seniors-with-heart-failure-regarding-autonomous-zero-effort-monitoring-of-physiological-parameters-in-the-smart-home-environment
#20
Sherry L Grace, Golnoush Taherzadeh, Isaac Sung Jae Chang, Jennifer Boger, Amaya Arcelus, Susanna Mak, Caroline Chessex, Alex Mihailidis
BACKGROUND: Technological advances are leading to the ability to autonomously monitor patient's health status in their own homes, to enable aging-in-place. OBJECTIVES: To understand the perceptions of seniors with heart failure (HF) regarding smart-home systems to monitor their physiological parameters. METHODS: In this qualitative study, HF outpatients were invited to a smart-home lab, where they completed a sequence of activities, during which the capacity of 5 autonomous sensing modalities was compared to gold standard measures...
May 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
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