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Choroidal nevus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772047/swept-source-oct-angiography-identifies-choroidal-neovascularization-arising-from-a-choroidal-nevus
#1
Abed Namavari, Fang Zheng, Elie H Motulsky, João R de Oliveira Dias, Giovanni Gregori, Philip J Rosenfeld
Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) was used to diagnose choroidal neovascularization (CNV) arising from a choroidal nevus. A 61-year-old woman initially presented with submacular hemorrhage. She was diagnosed with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and received three injections of bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA). At a follow-up visit, SS-OCTA showed that the CNV appeared to arise from an adjacent choroidal nevus. This is the first report of using SS-OCTA to diagnose CNV associated with a choroidal nevus masquerading as neovascular AMD...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755268/cytogenetic-results-of-choroidal-nevus-growth-into-melanoma-in-55-consecutive-cases
#2
Carol L Shields, Maria Pefkianaki, Arman Mashayekhi, Jerry A Shields, Arupa Ganguly
Purpose: To investigate the cytogenetic results of choroidal nevus with photographically-documented transformation into choroidal melanoma. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 55 consecutive patients who underwent fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for DNA isolation and whole genome array based assay for chromosomes 3, 6, and 8 analysis prior to plaque radiotherapy. Tumors with abnormalities in chromosomes 3 and 8 were considered high-risk for metastasis. Results: At diagnosis of choroidal nevus the mean patient age was 57 years (median 57, range 10-83 years)...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687085/orbital-melanocytoma-when-a-tumor-becomes-a-relieving-surprise
#3
Haytham E Nasr, Mohamed A Nouh, Rania A Ahmed, Abdelrahman M Elhusseiny
Purpose: Melanocytomas are rare pigmented tumors that arise form melanocytes and have been reported in the central nervous system. Orbital melanocytomas "also known as blue nevus" are rarely reported. The occurrence of choroidal melanoma and orbital melanocytomas has never been described. Observations: This is a case of orbital melanocytoma in a 34 year old female who presented with left proptosis and ecchymosis. She has the right eye enucleated to treat a large choroidal melanoma, 6 years earlier...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554812/clinical-applications-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-what-we-have-learnt-in-the-first-3-years
#4
Salomon Y Cohen, Alexandra Miere, Sylvia Nghiem-Buffet, Franck Fajnkuchen, Eric H Souied, Sarah Mrejen
A review of the literature from 2014 to 2016 was conducted, focusing on the results of optical coherence tomography angiography in different chorioretinal diseases. In only 3 years, optical coherence tomography angiography has been shown to be an effective tool for diagnosing choroidal neovascularization complicating age-related macular degeneration, pathologic myopia, and inflammatory conditions. The technique has sometimes been considered superior to conventional multimodal imaging, for example, in choroidal neovascularization associated with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy or multifocal choroiditis...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549426/prevalence-of-choroidal-nevus-and-retinal-pigment-epithelial-alterations-in-vitiligo-patients
#5
Efrat Fleissig, Mor Pavlovksy, Anat Loewenstein, Dinah Zur, Hadas Newman, Shay Keren, Dafna Goldenberg, Efrat Bar-Ilan, Michaella Goldstein
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular manifestations in patients with vitiligo by multimodal imaging, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), color fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). METHODS: In this prospective, observational clinical study, vitiligo patients underwent ophthalmologic and dermatologic clinical assessment and imaging by spectral-domain OCT, FAF, and color fundus imaging. Ocular echography was performed as indicated. Statistical analysis was performed using paired T test and Pearson correlation...
March 16, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498193/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-choroidal-nevi-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#6
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
IMPORTANCE: Choroidal nevi are a common incidental finding on fundus examination. The National Eye Health Survey (NEHS, 2015-2016) provides an up-to-date estimate of the prevalence of choroidal nevi in non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australian adults. BACKGROUND: To describe the prevalence and characteristics of choroidal nevi among non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australian adults. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 3098 non-Indigenous Australians (aged 50-98 years) and 1738 Indigenous Australians (aged 40-92 years) living in 30 randomly selected sites, stratified by remoteness...
March 2, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492687/comparison-of-conventional-color-fundus-photography-and-multicolor-imaging-in-choroidal-or-retinal-lesions
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ilkay Kilic Muftuoglu, Raouf Gaber, Dirk-Uwe Bartsch, Amit Meshi, Michael Goldbaum, William R Freeman
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to compare the characteristics of the retinal and choroidal lesions including choroidal nevus, choroidal melanoma and congenital hypertrophy of the retina pigment epithelium using conventional color fundus photography (CFP) and multicolor imaging (MCI). METHODS: The paired images of patients with retinal or choroidal lesions were assessed for the visibility of lesion's border, halo and drusen using a grading scale (0-2). The area of the lesion was measured on both imaging modalities...
April 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403262/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-choroidal-melanoma-and-nevus
#8
Fariba Ghassemi, Reza Mirshahi, Kaveh Fadakar, Siamak Sabour
Synopsis: In optical coherence tomography angiography, the choroidal vascular flow rate in choroidal melanoma is significantly lower than that in choroidal nevus. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the choriocapillaris and retinal features imaged by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with choroidal nevus from small malignant choroidal melanoma. Methods: In this retrospective, noninvasive, observational study, 11 patients diagnosed with small choroidal mass (five with choroidal nevus and six with malignant melanoma) who underwent dilated fundus examination, ocular ultrasonography and OCTA images were compared...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403070/results-of-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-diffuse-choroidal-hemangiomas-in-sturge-weber-syndrome
#9
Matthieu Randon, Christine Lévy-Gabriel, Rachid Abbas, Rémi Dendale, Livia Lumbroso, Laurence Desjardins, Nathalie Cassoux
PURPOSE: The Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a phacomatosis which include facial nevus flammeus, glaucoma, diffuse choroidal hemangioma, and leptomeningeal hemangiomatosis. External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) using photons was used to treat retinal detachment. We investigate the anatomical and functional results in a long-term basis. METHODS: Retrospective review of SWS patients treated by EBRT (20 Gy in 10 fractions) for an exudative diffuse choroidal hemangioma...
February 6, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384917/intravitreal-bevacizumab-associated-with-photodynamic-therapy-in-a-case-of-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-associated-with-choroidal-nevus-a-case-report
#10
Carlos M Rangel, Eva Villota, Álvaro Fernández-Vega González, Ronald M Sanchez-Avila
RATIONALE: Report the clinical findings and management of a case of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy associated with choroidal nevus which received combination therapy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Decreased visual acuity in a woman with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and choroidal nevus. DIAGNOSES: Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and choroidal nevus. INTERVENTIONS: The initial visual acuity was 0.5. After the first treatment with photodynamic therapy, exudation and bleeding appeared around the lesion...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368017/-increasing-lipid-exudation-and-vascular-alterations-associated-with-a-choroidal-nevus
#11
P Lauermann, N Feltgen, M Khattab, M Storch, H Hoerauf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344499/unilateral-multifocal-choroidal-melanoma
#12
Debarshi Mustafi, Bertil Damato, Jesse L Berry
We report a case of multifocal choroidal melanoma in the same eye, separated in presentation by 20 years. A 57-year-old Caucasian male initially presented with a choroidal melanoma of the right eye that was treated with transpupillary thermotherapy. Due to recurrence, the patient underwent proton beam therapy with subsequent tumor regression. A second small choroidal lesion was noted in the right eye during his surveillance examinations that was closely monitored and demonstrated stable dimensions and features suggestive of a choroidal nevus...
December 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344497/a-case-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-retinal-pigment-epithelium-an-immunohistochemical-and-electron-microscopic-study
#13
Hidetsugu Mori, Kanji Takahashi
Purpose: Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) adenocarcinoma is a very rare malignant intraocular tumor. Herein we describe the histopathological features of RPE adenocarcinoma. Case: A 36-year-old male was referred to our clinic because of floaters in his left eye. The initial diagnosis was malignant melanoma of the choroid. We resected the tumor and studied it histopathologically. The tumor tissue was investigated by light microscopy including immunohistochemistry using antibodies against S-100, HMB-45, EMA, and AE-1...
December 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333905/linear-nevus-sebaceous-syndrome-presenting-as-circumscribed-choroidal-hemangioma
#14
Jose J Echegaray, Rachel Chen, Claudine Bellerive, Arun D Singh
A 4-year-old female with a unilateral circumscribed choroidal hemangioma and secondary total exudative retinal detachment. A nasal skin scar-like lesion incised to confirm a histopathologic diagnosis of linear nevus sebaceous. Further imaging disclosed asymmetry of the lateral ventricle frontal horns, suggestive of the diagnosis of linear nevus sebaceous syndrome. The choroidal hemangioma was treated with I-125 episcleral brachytherapy (apical dose of 45 Gy). At 6 months post-radiation, the tumor showed regression with total resolution of exudative retinal detachment...
April 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332123/braf-nras-and-gnaq-mutations-in-conjunctival-melanocytic-nevi
#15
Jasmine H Francis, Hans E Grossniklaus, Larissa A Habib, Brian Marr, David H Abramson, Klaus J Busam
Purpose: To evaluate BRAF, NRAS, and GNAQ mutations in surgical specimens of common and blue conjunctival melanocytic nevi. Methods: Surgical specimens from 25 conjunctival melanocytic nevi (23 common and 2 blue) of 25 patients were evaluated. All common nevi were analyzed immunohistochemically for the expression of BRAF V600E or NRAS Q61R. One lesion with negative immunoreactivity and for all blue nevi, a hybridization capture-based next-generation sequencing method was employed for mutation analysis...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201456/use-of-oct-angiography-in-choroidal-melanocytic-tumors
#16
Juan J Toledo, Mónica Asencio-Duran, Jesús R García-Martinez, Alejandro López-Gaona
Objective: To describe OCTA findings in choroidal melanocytic tumors, especially the microcirculation patterns, and to try to correlate with the histopathological studies. Methods: Cross-sectional, comparative, observational study. 70 cases, including 55 choroidal nevi and 15 choroidal melanomas. Three different observers evaluated specific variables in the choriocapillaris layer on AOCT images and searched for images which described histopathologic vascular patterns, and also, a general description of the images was made...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133655/polypoidal-choroidopathy-associated-with-choroidal-nevus
#17
Isabel Pascual-Camps, Paula M López-Corell, María Andreu-Fenoll, Roberto Gallego-Pinazo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130009/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-two-choroidal-nevi-variants
#18
Victor M Villegas, Armando L Monroig, Lazaro H Aguero, Stephen G Schwartz
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is a recently established noninvasive technology for evaluation of the retinal and choroidal vasculature. The literature regarding the findings in choroidal nevi is scarce. We report the OCT-A findings associated with two different variants. Subject one had decreased vascular flow signal in the choroidal, choriocapillaris, deep retinal, and superficial retinal layers. Subject two had decreased vascular flow signal in the choroidal, choriocapillaris, and deep retinal layers with a normal vascular flow signal in the superficial retinal layer...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109715/specific-detection-of-serum-antibodies-against-bkpyv-a-small-dna-tumour-virus-in-patients-affected-by-choroidal-nevi
#19
Silvia Pietrobon, Ilaria Bononi, Francesca Lotito, Paolo Perri, Sara Violanti, Elisa Mazzoni, Fernanda Martini, Mauro G Tognon
Ocular or choroidal nevus (CN) is a rare benign neoplastic lesion of the eye. The cause of CN onset/progression, which arises from the transformation of ocular melanocytes, is not known. A fraction of CN patients may develop uveal melanoma. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between CN and BK polyomavirus (BKPyV), a small DNA tumor virus. Serum IgG antibodies which react with BKPyV antigens were analyzed. An indirect E.L.I.S.A. using synthetic peptides that mimic BKPyV antigens was employed...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868286/clinical-and-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-appearance-of-optic-disc-melanocytoma-a-new-classification-and-differentiation-from-pigmented-choroidal-lesions
#20
Supanut Apinyawasisuk, Tara McCannel, Anthony C Arnold
AIMS: The aim of this paper was to compare the features of both the classic, darkly pigmented and the atypical, more lightly pigmented optic disc melanocytoma with those of pigmented choroidal lesions. METHODS: We analyzed the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) features of 9 eyes with optic disc melanocytoma and compared them with those of choroidal melanoma and nevus. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We identified 2 categories of SD-OCT findings in optic disc melanocytoma: (a) type 1, the typical, prominent, hyperpigmented lesion with SD-OCT findings of a hyperreflective, disorganized overlying retina and a posterior hyporeflective shadow, and (b) the less common, atypical, minimally pigmented type 2 lesion overlaid by a relatively well-organized retina that lacks a posterior hyporeflective shadow...
July 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
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