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Right ventricular decompensation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628000/epigenetics-inflammation-and-metabolism-in-right-heart-failure-associated-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#1
Nolwenn Samson, Roxane Paulin
Right ventricular failure (RVF) is the most important prognostic factor for both morbidity and mortality in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but also occurs in numerous other common diseases and conditions, including left ventricle dysfunction. RVF remains understudied compared with left ventricular failure (LVF). However, right and left ventricles have many differences at the morphological level or the embryologic origin, and respond differently to pressure overload. Therefore, knowledge from the left ventricle cannot be extrapolated to the right ventricle...
June 19, 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595772/prevention-of-early-complications-and-late-consequences-after-acute-pulmonary-embolism-focus-on-reperfusion-techniques
#2
Stavros V Konstantinides, Stefano Barco
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of acute cardiovascular mortality and long-term morbidity. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is the key determinant of prognosis in the acute phase of PE, and residual RV dysfunction is associated with the development of post-PE functional impairment, chronic thromboembolic disease, and higher costs of treatment over the long term. Patients with clinically overt RV failure, i.e. hemodynamic collapse at presentation (high-risk PE), necessitate immediate thrombolytic treatment to relieve the obstruction in the pulmonary circulation; surgical or catheter-directed removal of the thrombus can be an alternative option...
June 1, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528661/right-sided-cardiac-dysfunction-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-worsening-renal-function
#3
Monica Mukherjee, Kavita Sharma, Jose A Madrazo, Ryan J Tedford, Stuart D Russell, Allison G Hays
In urban populations, worsening renal function (WRF) is well established in patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, the mechanisms for development of WRF in the setting of acute HF in HFpEF are unclear. In the present study, we sought to characterize conventional echocardiographic measures of right ventricular (RV) chamber size and function to determine whether RV dysfunction and/or adverse RV remodeling is related to WRF in patients with HFpEF...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496511/evaluation-of-coronary-arteries-in-non-ischemic-cardiomyopathies-a-case-report
#4
Farveh Vakilian, Mahmood Mohamadzadeh Shabestari, Ahmad Amin, Soheila Chamanian, Toktam Moghiman
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a congenital cardiac disease with myocardial involvement, most probably right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, accounting for 20% of sudden cardiac deaths. Characterized by the fibro-fatty infiltration of the RV free wall, ARVD/C presents in adolescents with ventricular arrhythmias and heart failure symptoms and as biventricular failure in adults. The coronary risk in these patients is not clear. We present an incidental finding: the left anterior descending artery cut-off in a middle-aged man with ARVD/C...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475215/effect-of-inpatient-dobutamine-vs-milrinone-on-out-of-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#5
Jordan B King, Rashmee U Shah, Amy Sainski-Nguyen, Joseph Biskupiak, Mark A Munger, Adam P Bress
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of dobutamine versus milrinone on out-of-hospital mortality in treatment of patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). DESIGN: Propensity score weighted, retrospective cohort study with mortality as primary outcome. SETTING: An academic health-care system. PATIENTS: 500 adult patients with a prior history of heart failure, who survived a hospitalization for ADHF that included treatment with dobutamine or milrinone between January 1, 2006 and April 30, 2014...
May 5, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429542/study-of-the-wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-advanced-heart-failure-patients-swift
#6
Alon Barsheshet, Valentina Kutyifa, Theodora Vamvouris, Arthur J Moss, Yitschak Biton, Leway Chen, Eugene Storozynsky, Chingping Wan, Steven J Szymkiewicz, Ilan Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) may allow stabilization until reassessment for an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) among high-risk HF patients. However, there are limited data on the WCD benefit in the acute decompensated HF setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Study of the Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator in Advanced Heart-Failure Patients (SWIFT) was a prospective clinical trial carried out at two medical centers. Patients hospitalized with advanced HF symptoms and reduced left ventricular ejection function (LVEF) were enrolled and prescribed a WCD prior to discharge for a total of 3 months...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414679/misses-opportunity-tof-diagnoses-in-4th-decade-of-life
#7
O Baniahmad, T Jarreau, A Johnson
CASE: A 40 year old woman with a history of HIV, congestive heart failure secondary to an unknown congenital heart defect, and hypertension presented to our emergency department with worsening edema. On room air, oxygen saturation was 55 percent . On 5L of oxygen via nasal cannula, oxygen saturation was 88 percent . Physical examination was notable for central cyanosis, facial and lid edema, a II/VI holosystolic murmur across right chest radiating to entire right back hemithorax, decreased breath sounds at bases with pulmonary crackles, clubbing of fingers and edema of bilateral lower extremities...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341777/respiratory-compromise-as-a-new-paradigm-for-the-care-of-vulnerable-hospitalized-patients
#8
Timothy A Morris, Peter C Gay, Neil R MacIntyre, Dean R Hess, Sandra K Hanneman, James P Lamberti, Dennis E Doherty, Lydia Chang, Maureen A Seckel
Acute respiratory compromise describes a deterioration in respiratory function with a high likelihood of rapid progression to respiratory failure and death. Identifying patients at risk for respiratory compromise coupled with monitoring of patients who have developed respiratory compromise might allow earlier interventions to prevent or mitigate further decompensation. The National Association for the Medical Direction of Respiratory Care (NAMDRC) organized a workshop meeting with representation from many national societies to address the unmet needs of respiratory compromise from a clinical practice perspective...
April 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340591/altered-mtor-and-beclin-1-mediated-autophagic-activation-during-right-ventricular-remodeling-in-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
Yan Deng, Weifeng Wu, Shenglan Guo, Yuming Chen, Chang Liu, Xingcui Gao, Bin Wei
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular structure and function is a major predictor of outcomes in pulmonary hypertension (PH), yet the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Growing evidence suggests the importance of autophagy in cardiac remodeling; however, its dynamics in the process of right ventricle(RV) remodeling in PH has not been fully explored. We sought to study the time course of cardiomyocyte autophagy in the RV in PH and determine whether mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and Beclin-1 hypoxia-related pro-autophagic pathways are underlying mechanisms...
March 24, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285867/a-modified-lung-and-cardiac-ultrasound-protocol-saves-time-and-rules-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-heart-failure
#10
Frances M Russell, Robert R Ehrman
BACKGROUND: Multiorgan ultrasound (US), which includes evaluation of the lungs and heart, is an accurate method that outperforms clinical gestalt for diagnosing acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF). A known barrier to ultrasound use is the time needed to perform these examinations. OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to determine the test characteristics of a modified lung and cardiac US (LuCUS) protocol for the accurate diagnosis of ADHF. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective observational study that enrolled adult patients presenting to the emergency department with undifferentiated dyspnea...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208199/systemic-thrombolytic-therapy-for-acute-pulmonary-embolism-who-is-a-candidate
#11
Stavros V Konstantinides, Stefano Barco
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of both acute and long-term morbidity for a large number of patients worldwide, and massive PE is frequently fatal. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a key determinant of prognosis in the acute phase of PE. Patients with clinically overt RV failure, that is, with cardiogenic shock or persistent hypotension at presentation (acute high-risk PE), are clearly in need of immediate reperfusion treatment with systemic thrombolysis or, alternatively, surgical or catheter-directed techniques...
February 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188427/the-prognostic-value-of-right-ventricular-long-axis-strain-in-non-ischaemic-dilated-cardiomyopathies-using-standard-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Nisha Arenja, Johannes H Riffel, Manuel Halder, Charly N Djiokou, Thomas Fritz, Florian Andre, Fabian Aus dem Siepen, Thomas Zelniker, Benjamin Meder, Elham Kayvanpour, Grigorios Korosoglou, Hugo A Katus, Sebastian J Buss
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of right ventricular long axis strain (RV-LAS), a parameter of longitudinal function, with outcome in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). METHODS: In 441 patients with NIDCM, RV-LAS was analysed retrospectively by measuring the length between the epicardial border of the left ventricular apex and the middle of a line connecting the origins of the tricuspidal valve leaflets in end-diastole and end-systole on non-contrast standard cine sequences...
February 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159812/right-ventricular-metabolism-during-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-immature-swine-heart-in-vivo
#13
Masaki Kajimoto, Dolena R Ledee, Nancy G Isern, Michael A Portman
Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides hemodynamic rescue for patients encountering right or left ventricular (RV or LV) decompensation, particularly after surgery for congenital heart defects. ECMO, supported metabolically by parenteral nutrition, provides reductions in myocardial work and energy demand and, therefore, enhances functional recovery. The RV must often assume systemic ventricular pressures and function on weaning from VA-ECMO. However the substrate utilization responses of the RV to VA-ECMO or stimulation are unknown...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109578/liver-fibrogenesis-marker-7s-domain-of-collagen-type-iv-in-patients-with-acutely-decompensated-heart-failure-correlates-prognostic-value-and-time-course
#14
Kazuya Nagao, Akinori Tamura, Takeshi Morimoto, Kiyotaka Shimamura, Hiroshi Yukawa, Haruyasu Ito, Fujio Hayashi, Toshinori Makita, Genzou Takemura, Yukihito Sato, Tsukasa Inada, Takeshi Kimura, Masaru Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Congestion in heart failure (HF) induces multiple organ injury, which may cause remodeling of extracellular matrix. We hypothesized that liver fibrogenesis marker, 7S domain of collagen type IV (P4NP 7S) was correlated with congestion and liver injury in HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured serum P4NP 7S in two cohorts. Cohort 1 included 70 patients undergoing catheterization. P4NP 7S was correlated with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, right ventricular and atrial pressure (r=0...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090232/efficacy-and-safety-of-thrombolytic-therapy-in-acute-submassive-pulmonary-embolism-follow-up-study
#15
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Mohit Sachan, Amit Goel, Karandeep Singh, Vikas Mishra, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Ashutosh Kumar, Nasar Abdali, Mohammad Asif, Mahamdula Razi, Umeshwar Pandey, Ramesh Thakur, Chandra Mohan Varma, Vinay Krishna
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis in acute submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) remains controversial. So we studied impact of thrombolytic therapy in acute submassive PE in terms of mortality, hemodynamic status, improvement in right ventricular function, and safety in terms of major and minor bleeding. METHOD: A single-center, prospective, randomized study of 86 patients was conducted at LPS Institute of Cardiology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, India. Patients received thrombolysis (single bolus of tenecteplase) with unfractionated heparin (UFH, group I) or placebo with UFH (group II)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040759/novel-application-of-a-percutaneous-left-ventricular-assist-device-as-a-bridge-to-transplant-in-a-paediatric-patient-with-severe-heart-failure-due-to-viral-myocarditis
#16
Paul Perry, Elizabeth David, Broadus Atkins, Gary Raff
A 13-year obese female with suspected viral myocarditis presented with acute decompensated heart failure. Due to her body habitus, she was a poor candidate for immediate heart transplantation. A peripherally inserted left ventricular assist device (LVAD) was implanted via the right axillary artery. Following device insertion the patient experienced rapid improvement in symptoms. The LVAD provided effective left ventricular unloading for 50 days, promoting myocardial recovery and maintaining excellent patient performance status...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870971/modes-of-death-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#17
Stefan Aschauer, Caroline Zotter-Tufaro, Franz Duca, Andreas Kammerlander, Daniel Dalos, Julia Mascherbauer, Diana Bonderman
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that reduced right ventricular function is an important predictor of outcome in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Because affected patients suffer from a broad spectrum of non-cardiac co-morbidities, it remains unclear, whether they actually die from right heart failure (RHF) or as a consequence of other conditions. METHODS: Consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HFpEF were enrolled in this prospective registry...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844194/-implantable-sensors-for-outpatient-assessment-of-ventricular-filling-pressure-in-advanced-heart-failure-which-telemonitoring-design-is-optimal
#18
E Herrmann, S Fichtlscherer, S H Hohnloser, A M Zeiher, B Aßmus
INTRODUCTION: Patients with advanced heart failure suffer from frequent hospitalizations. Non-invasive hemodynamic telemonitoring for assessment of ventricular filling pressure has been shown to reduce hospitalizations. We report on the right ventricular (RVP), the pulmonary artery (PAP) and the left atrial pressure (LAP) sensor for non-invasive assessment of the ventricular filling pressure. METHODS: A literature search concerning the available implantable pressure sensors for noninvasive haemodynamic telemonitoring in patients with advanced heart failure was performed...
December 2016: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818380/novel-minimally-invasive-surgical-approach-using-an-external-ventricular-assist-device-and-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-refractory-cardiogenic-shock
#19
Koji Takeda, Arthur R Garan, Veli K Topkara, Ajay J Kirtane, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Paul Kurlansky, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Paolo C Colombo, Yoshifumi Naka, Hiroo Takayama
OBJECTIVES: The use of short-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS) has increased in the treatment of refractory cardiogenic shock (RCS). Percutaneous short-term MCS technology has emerged rapidly; however, limitations in flow and durability remain. We therefore investigated a minimally invasive surgical approach using an external ventricular assist device (VAD) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with RCS. METHODS: Twenty-five patients underwent minimally invasive external VAD insertion with a magnetically levitated centrifugal pump for various causes of cardiogenic shock between April 2010 and May 2016...
November 6, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784446/-effect-of-50-mg-alteplase-to-intermediate-risk-pulmonary-embolism-with-right-ventricular-dysfunction
#20
Q H Xu, W L Li, Z M Cai, Y C Lin, S P Huang
Objective: To investigate the effect of 50 mg alteplase to intermediate-risk acute pulmonary embolism (APE) with right ventricular dysfunction. Methods: From May 2011 to May 2015, a total of 73 patients with intermediate-risk APE, furthermore, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP)>40 mmHg and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)>100 ng/L, were allocated to receive 50 mg alteplase plus anti-coagulation (thrombolysis group, TG, n=35) or anticoagulation alone (control group CG, n=38) according to their will...
October 18, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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