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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348260/the-canadian-preterm-birth-network-a-study-protocol-for-improving-outcomes-for-preterm-infants-and-their-families
#1
Prakesh S Shah, Sarah D McDonald, Jon Barrett, Anne Synnes, Kate Robson, Jonathan Foster, Jean-Charles Pasquier, K S Joseph, Bruno Piedboeuf, Thierry Lacaze-Masmonteil, Karel O'Brien, Sandesh Shivananda, Nils Chaillet, Petros Pechlivanoglou
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (birth before 37 wk of gestation) occurs in about 8% of pregnancies in Canada and is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates that substantially affect infants, their families and the health care system. Our overall goal is to create a transdisciplinary platform, the Canadian Preterm Birth Network (CPTBN), where investigators, stakeholders and families will work together to improve childhood outcomes of preterm neonates. METHODS: Our national cohort will include 24 maternal-fetal/obstetrical units, 31 neonatal intensive care units and 26 neonatal follow-up programs across Canada with planned linkages to provincial health information systems...
January 18, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#2
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316968/improving-the-interoperability-of-biomedical-ontologies-with-compound-alignments
#3
Daniela Oliveira, Catia Pesquita
BACKGROUND: Ontologies are commonly used to annotate and help process life sciences data. Although their original goal is to facilitate integration and interoperability among heterogeneous data sources, when these sources are annotated with distinct ontologies, bridging this gap can be challenging. In the last decade, ontology matching systems have been evolving and are now capable of producing high-quality mappings for life sciences ontologies, usually limited to the equivalence between two ontologies...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308433/document-co-citation-analysis-to-enhance-transdisciplinary-research
#4
Caleb M Trujillo, Tammy M Long
Specialized and emerging fields of research infrequently cross disciplinary boundaries and would benefit from frameworks, methods, and materials informed by other fields. Document co-citation analysis, a method developed by bibliometric research, is demonstrated as a way to help identify key literature for cross-disciplinary ideas. To illustrate the method in a useful context, we mapped peer-recognized scholarship related to systems thinking. In addition, three procedures for validation of co-citation networks are proposed and implemented...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289994/challenges-of-using-air-conditioning-in-an-increasingly-hot-climate
#5
Karin Lundgren-Kownacki, Elisabeth Dalholm Hornyanszky, Tuan Anh Chu, Johanna Alkan Olsson, Per Becker
At present, air conditioning (AC) is the most effective means for the cooling of indoor space. However, its increased global use is problematic for various reasons. This paper explores the challenges linked to increased AC use and discusses more sustainable alternatives. A literature review was conducted applying a transdisciplinary approach. It was further complemented by examples from cities in hot climates. To analyse the findings, an analytical framework was developed which considers four societal levels-individual, community, city, and national...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288405/reducing-the-risk-of-postpartum-depression-in-a-low-income-community-through-a-community-health-worker-intervention
#6
Christopher Mundorf, Arti Shankar, Tracy Moran, Sherry Heller, Anna Hassan, Emily Harville, Maureen Lichtveld
Objectives To clarify the effectiveness of perinatal social support interventions in reducing postpartum depression among minority, low-income women. Methods The Transdisciplinary Research Consortium for Gulf Resilience on Women's Health supported a community-based participatory research project to improve perinatal health among low-income, first-time pregnant women living in a vulnerable Gulf Coast region. Community health workers (CHWs) were partnered with recruited women, and used a mix of mobile technology and home visits to develop a supportive relationship during the perinatal period...
December 29, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258348/advancing-the-science-of-behavioral-self-management-of-chronic-disease-the-arc-of-a-research-trajectory
#7
John P Allegrante
This article describes advances in the behavioral self-management of chronic disease from the perspective of a 25-year trajectory of National Institute of Health-funded research in arthritis and cardiopulmonary diseases that has sought to develop a transdisciplinary understanding of how applied behavioral science can be used to improve health behaviors, functional status, and health outcomes. The article traces the arc of a novel research program-conducted in collaboration with physician-scientists at Columbia, Weill Cornell Medical College, and New York University School of Medicine-that runs through social cognitive theory, behavioral economics, and the emerging science of positive psychology in an effort to develop promising new approaches to fostering the adoption and maintenance of health-related behavioral change...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246733/individualizing-urinary-incontinence-treatment-research-needs-identified-at-a-national-institute-of-diabetes-and-digestive-and-kidney-diseases-workshop
#8
Jenna M Norton, Catherine S Bradley, Sonya S Brady, Linda Brubaker, Daniel Gossett, Jeffrey P Henderson, Donna Mazloomdoost, Carol M Musil, Eric Rovner, Tamara Bavendam
Despite intensive work in the field, urinary incontinence (UI) treatment is characterized by unintended side effects, uncertain durability, high risk of complications, and inconsistent outcomes. Therapy is generally directed toward underlying anatomic and physiologic causes, with little attention to important cognitive, psychosocial and behavioral aspects of UI. Recognition that the variability in UI treatment success is likely driven at least in part by individual variability-combined with a demonstrated need for better outcomes for patients with UI; a torrent of technical advances involving -omic, mobile health, and data science technologies; and growth of intra- and transdisciplinary research-has made the development of a science base to enable better targeting of UI treatments based on individual patient characteristics both interesting and feasible...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244832/productivity-impact-and-collaboration-differences-between-transdisciplinary-and-traditionally-trained-doctoral-students-a-comparison-of-publication-patterns
#9
Anna-Sigrid Keck, Stephanie Sloane, Janet M Liechty, Barbara H Fiese, Sharon M Donovan
Transdisciplinary (TD) approaches are increasingly used to address complex public health problems such as childhood obesity. Compared to traditional grant-funded scientific projects among established scientists, those designed around a TD, team-based approach yielded greater publication output after three to five years. However, little is known about how a TD focus throughout graduate school training may affect students' publication-related productivity, impact, and collaboration. The objective of this study was to compare the publication patterns of students in traditional versus TD doctoral training programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237198/-sociology-as-a-major-factor-for-the-psychiatrie-enquete-in-the-federal-republic-of-germany-results-from-expert-interviews-and-document-analyses
#10
Felicitas Söhner, Heiner Fangerau, Thomas Becker
Objective This paper examines the influence of sociology as a discipline on the Psychiatrie-Enquete by analysing interviews with expert (psychiatrist, psychologist, sociologist etc.) witnesses of the Enquete process and by analysing pertinent documents. Methods 24 interviews were conducted and analysed using qualitative secondary analysis. Results Sociological texts and research results influenced the professional development of psychiatrists at the time. Cross-talk between psychiatry and sociology developed through seminal sociological analyses of psychiatric institutions and the interest taken in medical institutions in a number of sociological texts...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230698/mode-2-knowledge-production-in-the-context-of-medical-research-a-call-for-further-clarifications
#11
Hojjat Soofi
The traditional researcher-driven environment of medical knowledge production is losing its dominance with the expansion of, for instance, community-based participatory or participant-led medical research. Over the past few decades, sociologists of science have debated a shift in the production of knowledge from traditional discipline-based (Mode 1) to more socially embedded and transdisciplinary frameworks (Mode 2). Recently, scholars have tried to show the relevance of Mode 2 knowledge production to medical research...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225436/perspective-late-stage-t4-translation-research-and-implementation-science-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-strategic-vision
#12
EDITORIAL
George A Mensah, Cheryl Anne Boyce, LeShawndra N Price, Helena O Mishoe, Michael M Engelgau
In August 2016, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) released its Strategic Vision for charting a course for research over the next decade. This vision was the culmination of an unprecedented process that engaged diverse stakeholders from across the United States and around the globe. The process resulted in four mission-oriented goals and eight strategic objectives that provide an overall framework for advancing research in heart, lung, and blood diseases and sleep disorders. In this perspective, we address opportunities that NHLBI has identified to advance late-stage (T4) translation research, implementation science, health inequities research, global health research, and related research workforce development...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220085/managing-large-transdisciplinary-projects
#13
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218899/precision-medicine-from-diplotypes-to-disparities-towards-improved-health-and-therapies
#14
Dana C Crawford, Alexander A Morgan, Joshua C Denny, Bruce J Aronow, Steven E Brenner
Precision medicine research efforts both in basic science discovery and clinical implementation are well underway and promise to provide individualized preventions and treatments, improving overall health care delivery. To achieve these goals, advances in data capture and analysis are needed spanning different types of 'omic and clinical data. The efforts to enhance precise treatments for all may accentuate healthcare disparities unless specific challenges are identified and addressed. This session of the 2018 Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing presents the latest developments in this transdisciplinary research space of genomics, medicine, and population health...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216596/understanding-social-and-behavioral-drivers-and-impacts-of-air-quality-sensor-use
#15
Bryan J Hubbell, Amanda Kaufman, Louie Rivers, Kayla Schulte, Gayle Hagler, Jane Clougherty, Wayne Cascio, Dan Costa
BACKGROUND: Lower-cost air quality sensors (hundreds to thousands of dollars) are now available to individuals and communities. This technology is undergoing a rapid and fragmented evolution, resulting in sensors that have uncertain data quality, measure different air pollutants and possess a variety of design attributes. Why and how individuals and communities choose to use sensors is arguably influenced by social context. For example, community experiences with environmental exposures and health effects and related interactions with industry and government can affect trust in traditional air quality monitoring...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209341/the-challenge-of-improving-soil-fertility-in-yam-cropping-systems-of-west-africa
#16
REVIEW
Emmanuel Frossard, Beatrice A Aighewi, Sévérin Aké, Dominique Barjolle, Philipp Baumann, Thomas Bernet, Daouda Dao, Lucien N Diby, Anne Floquet, Valérie K Hgaza, Léa J Ilboudo, Delwende I Kiba, Roch L Mongbo, Hassan B Nacro, Gian L Nicolay, Esther Oka, Yabile F Ouattara, Nestor Pouya, Ravinda L Senanayake, Johan Six, Orokya I Traoré
Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is a tuber crop grown for food security, income generation, and traditional medicine. This crop has a high cultural value for some of the groups growing it. Most of the production comes from West Africa where the increased demand has been covered by enlarging cultivated surfaces while the mean yield remained around 10 t tuber ha-1. In West Africa, yam is traditionally cultivated without input as the first crop after a long-term fallow as it is considered to require a high soil fertility...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202331/using-the-icf-in-transition-research-and-practice-lessons-from-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Tram Nguyen, Debra Stewart, Peter Rosenbaum, Sue Baptiste, Olaf Kraus de Camargo, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and subsequent ICF-CY (child and youth version) recognize the importance of personal and environmental factors in facilitating holistic transition planning and service delivery for youth with chronic health conditions (YCHC). AIMS: The objective of this scoping review is to investigate the degree to which the ICF and ICF-CY have been used in transition research and practice since its initial publication...
January 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199931/tara-h-abraham-rebel-genius-warren-s-mcculloch-s-transdisciplinary-life-in-science-cambridge-ma-mit-press-2016-pp-320-40-00-hardback-isbn-9780262035095
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197371/partnering-around-cancer-clinical-trials-pacct-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-a-patient-and-physician-communication-intervention-to-increase-minority-accrual-to-prostate-cancer-clinical-trials
#19
Susan Eggly, Lauren M Hamel, Elisabeth Heath, Mark A Manning, Terrance L Albrecht, Ellen Barton, Mark Wojda, Tanina Foster, Michael Carducci, Dina Lansey, Ting Wang, Rehab Abdallah, Narineh Abrahamian, Seongho Kim, Nicole Senft, Louis A Penner
BACKGROUND: Cancer clinical trials are essential for testing new treatments and represent state-of-the-art cancer treatment, but only a small percentage of patients ever enroll in a trial. Under-enrollment is an even greater problem among minorities, particularly African Americans, representing a racial/ethnic disparity in cancer care. One understudied cause is patient-physician communication, which is often of poor quality during clinical interactions between African-American patients and non-African-American physicians...
December 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189970/climate-change-induced-heat-risks-for-migrant-populations-working-at-brick-kilns-in-india-a-transdisciplinary-approach
#20
Karin Lundgren-Kownacki, Siri M Kjellberg, Pernille Gooch, Marwa Dabaieh, Latha Anandh, Vidhya Venugopal
During the summer of 2015, India was hit by a scorching heat wave that melted pavements in Delhi and caused thousands of deaths, mainly among the most marginalized populations. One such group facing growing heat risks from both occupational and meteorological causes are migrant brick kiln workers. This study evaluates both current heat risks and the potential future impacts of heat caused by climate change, for the people working at brick kilns in India. A case study of heat stress faced by people working at brick kilns near Chennai, India, is the anchor point around which a transdisciplinary approach was applied...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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