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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163102/illuminating-artistic-processes-toward-transdisciplinary-discourse
#1
Ruslana Lichtzier, Philip Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158774/psychosocial-factors-in-children-s-obesity-examples-from-an-innovative-line-of-inquiry
#2
Amanda W Harrist, Glade L Topham, Laura Hubbs-Tait, Lenka H Shriver, Taren M Swindle
In recent years, researchers and policymakers have recognized that obesity in childhood is not simply a medical problem, but is a complex social and psychological phenomenon. Our research team used an interpersonal and intrapersonal risk model to examine the psychosocial aspects of obesity among rural children. In this article, we describe how the global study of children's obesity has broadened over the last 10 to 15 years, and we present our model of interpersonal and intrapersonal risk factors, which includes complex pathways with many psychosocial variables...
December 2017: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158660/empowering-one-community-at-a-time-for-policy-system-and-environmental-changes-to-impact-obesity
#3
Katrina Betancourt, Andrea Ridgway, Joy Rockenbach, Sequoya Eady, Joanice Thompson, Lori Brand Bateman, Mona N Fouad, Yu-Mei M Schoenberger
Objective: This article describes Mayors Mentoring Mayors (3M), an initiative of the Arkansas Coalition for Obesity Prevention (ArCOP), which expanded to five states to become the signature community initiative of the Mid-South Transdisciplinary Collaborative Center (Mid-South TCC) for Health Disparities Research. Methods: The 3M program is an extension of the Growing Healthy Communities (GHC) program, which sought to build capacity within communities to reduce obesity by implementing policy, system and environmental (PSE) changes that support healthy living...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141778/pathophysiology-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-detected-after-ischemic-stroke-paradise-a-translational-integrated-and-transdisciplinary-approach
#4
Maryse Paquet, Joshua O Cerasuolo, Victoria Thorburn, Sebastian Fridman, Rasha Alsubaie, Renato D Lopes, Lauren E Cipriano, Paula Salamone, C W James Melling, Ali R Khan, Lucas Sedeño, Jiming Fang, Maria Drangova, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Jennifer Mandzia, Alexander V Khaw, Juan M Racosta, Justin Paturel, Lucy Samoilov, Devin Stirling, Brittany Balint, Victoria Jaremek, Marlys L Koschinsky, Michael B Boffa, Kelly Summers, Agustín Ibañez, Marko Mrkobrada, Gustavo Saposnik, Kurt Kimpinski, Shawn N Whitehead, Luciano A Sposato
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that ischemic stroke can cause atrial fibrillation. By elucidating the mechanisms of neurogenically mediated paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, novel therapeutic strategies could be developed to prevent atrial fibrillation occurrence and perpetuation after stroke. This could result in fewer recurrent strokes and deaths, a reduction or delay in dementia onset, and in the lessening of the functional, structural, and metabolic consequences of atrial fibrillation on the heart...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#5
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135066/developing-and-sustaining-a-career-as-a-transdisciplinary-nurse-scientist
#6
Kathleen T Hickey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of strategies to build and sustain a career as a nurse scientist. This article examines how to integrate technologies and precision approaches into clinical practice, research, and education of the next generation of nursing scholars. DESIGN: This article presents information for shaping a sustainable transdisciplinary career. Programs of research that utilize self-management to improve quality of life are discussed throughout the article...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127232/epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-northern-tanzania-a-community-based-mixed-methods-study
#7
Sophie W Galson, Catherine A Staton, Francis Karia, Kajiru Kilonzo, Joseph Lunyera, Uptal D Patel, Julian T Hertz, John W Stanifer
INTRODUCTION: Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly vulnerable to the growing global burden of hypertension, but epidemiological studies are limited and barriers to optimal management are poorly understood. Therefore, we undertook a community-based mixed-methods study in Tanzania to investigate the epidemiology of hypertension and barriers to care. METHODS: In Northern Tanzania, between December 2013 and June 2015, we conducted a mixed-methods study, including a cross-sectional household epidemiological survey and qualitative sessions of focus groups and in-depth interviews...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110730/a-meta-science-for-a-global-bioethics-and-biomedicine
#8
David S Basser
BACKGROUND: As suggested by Shook and Giordano, understanding and therefore addressing the urgent international governance issues around globalizing bio-medical/technology research and applications is limited by the perception of the underlying science. METHODS: A philosophical methodology is used, based on novel and classical philosophical reflection upon existent literature, clinical wisdoms and narrative theory to discover a meta-science and telos of humankind for the development of a relevant and defendable global biomedical bioethics...
November 7, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101644/personalizing-and-optimizing-preventive-intervention-models-via-a-translational-neuroscience-framework
#9
Diana H Fishbein, Jacinda K Dariotis
A new generation of research, building upon developmental psychopathology (Luthar et al. 1997; Luthar et al. (Child Development, 71, 543-562, 2000)), provides evidence that individual differences in risk for behavioral health problems result from intrapersonal and environmental modulation of neurophysiologic and genetic substrates. This transdisciplinary model suggests that, in any given individual, the number of genetic variants implicated in high-risk behavior and the way in which they are assorted and ultimately suppressed or activated in the brain by experiential and contextual factors help to explain behavioral orientations...
November 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095520/the-grand-challenge-of-great-ape-health-and-conservation-in-the-anthropocene
#10
Dominic A Travis, Elizabeth V Lonsorf, Thomas R Gillespie
"Ecosystem Health recognizes the inherent interdependence of the health of humans, animals and ecosystems and explores the perspectives, theories and methodologies emerging at the interface between ecological and health sciences." This broad focus requires new approaches and methods for solving problems of greater complexity at larger scales than ever before. Nowhere is this point more salient than the case of disease emergence and control at the human-non human primate interface in shrinking tropical forests under great anthropogenic pressure...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091232/the-purpose-and-power-of-reporting-effect-sizes-in-nursing-education-research
#11
Darrell Spurlock
Like many other fields and subfields within the social sciences, education, and medicine, nursing education research has a long history of giving p-values associated with common statistical tests a position of primary importance in interpreting study findings. Global, transdisciplinary efforts are underway to diminish the role p-values play in making judgements about the significance of study findings by changing the threshold p-value used to pronounce statistical significance, through the use of Bayesian statistics, and through efforts to report effect sizes alongside p-values...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090094/the-need-for-european-onehealth-ecohealth-networks
#12
Hans Keune, Lucette Flandroy, Séverine Thys, Nick De Regge, Marcella Mori, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Maarten P M Vanhove, Javiera Rebolledo, Steven Van Gucht, Isra Deblauwe, Wim Hiemstra, Barbara Häsler, Aurélie Binot, Sara Savic, Simon R Ruegg, Sjerp De Vries, Julie Garnier, Thierry van den Berg
Elaborating from the European One Health/Ecohealth (OH/EH) workshop that took place in fall 2016 and aimed to bring together different communities and explore collaborative potential, the creation of European networks focusing on the development of important OH/EH perspectives was a direct output from discussions at the end of some sessions, in particular: - A network on transdisciplinary One Health education. - A network integrating inputs from social sciences in One Health/EcoHealth actions and networks. - A network aiming at translating research findings on the Environment-Microbiome-Health axis into policy making, with a view to make healthy ecosystems a cost-effective disease prevention healthcare strategy...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075249/human-endogenous-retrovirus-k-and-tdp-43-expression-bridges-als-and-hiv-neuropathology
#13
Renée N Douville, Avindra Nath
Despite the repetitive association of endogenous retroviruses in human disease, the mechanisms behind their pathological contributions remain to be resolved. Here we discuss how neuronal human endogenous retrovirus-K (HERV-K) expression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals is a distinct pathological aspect of HIV-associated neurological conditions, such as HIV encephalitis and HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. Enhanced neuronal HERV-K levels were observed in the majority of HIV-infected individuals, and to a higher degree in brain tissue marked by HIV replication...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072179/the-role-of-chronobiology-as-transdisciplinary-field-of-research-application-to-psychiatry
#14
Okan Çalıyurt
Chronobiology is a field that studies the effects of time on biological systems. Periodicity is of particular interest. The master biological clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus controls daily rhythms of core body temperature, rest-activity cycle, physiological and behavioral functions, psychomotor functions and mood in humans. The clock genes are involved in the generation of the circadian rhythms and the biological clock is synchronized to solar day by direct photic inputs. Various circadian rhythm abnormalities have been demonstrated in mood disorders such as unipolar depression, bipolar depression and seasonal affective disorder...
October 26, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057155/an-agenda-to-advance-integrative-resilience-research-and-practice-key-themes-from-a-resilience-roundtable
#15
Joie D Acosta, Anita Chandra, Jaime Madrigano
People are facing an increasing variety and number of stressors, ranging from interpersonal difficulties to environmental hazards and societal forces. Resilience is the process of, capacity for, or outcome of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or significant sources of stress. The science of resilience has advanced greatly since 2000, but there is an increasing recognition of the need for researchers and practitioners from different disciplines and sectors to work better together on this topic and for a shared agenda for promoting transdisciplinary resilience research...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057078/materials-and-toxicological-approaches-to-study-metal-and-metal-oxide-nanoparticles-in-the-model-organism-caenorhabditis-elegans
#16
Laura Gonzalez-Moragas, Laura L Maurer, Victoria M Harms, Joel N Meyer, Anna Laromaine, Anna Roig
Understanding the in vivo fate and transport of nanoparticles (NPs) is challenging, but critical. We review recent studies of metal and metal oxide NPs using the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans, summarizing major findings to date. In a joint transdisciplinary effort, we highlight underutilized opportunities offered by powerful techniques lying at the intersection of mechanistic toxicology and materials science,. To this end, we firstly summarize the influence of exposure conditions (media, duration, C...
September 1, 2017: Materials Horizons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056379/multi-layered-water-resources-management-and-uses-under-the-impacts-of-global-changes-in-a-southern-coastal-metropolis-when-will-it-be-already-too-late-crossed-analysis-in-recife-ne-brazil
#17
Emmanuelle Petelet-Giraud, Lise Cary, Paul Cary, Guillaume Bertrand, Armelle Giglio-Jacquemot, Ricardo Hirata, Luc Aquilina, Lincoln Muniz Alves, Veridiana Martins, Ana Maria Melo, Suzana Montenegro, Eliot Chatton, Melissa Franzen, Axel Aurouet
Coastal water resources are a worldwide key socio-environmental issue considering the increasing concentration of population in these areas. Here, we propose an integrative transdisciplinary approach of water resource, water management and water access in Recife (NE Brazil). The present-day water situation is conceptualized as an imbricated multi-layered system: a multi-layered water resource, managed by a multi-layered governance system and used by a multi-layered social population. This allows identifying processes of quantitative, qualitative, and sanitary conflicts between governance and population strategies regarding water supply, as well as the institutional and individual denials of these conflicts...
October 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036838/neurosexuality-a-transdisciplinary-approach-to-sexuality-in-neurorehabilitation
#18
Alexander Moreno, Caron Gan, Nathan D Zasler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031541/how-to-boost-marine-fungal-research-a-first-step-towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-by-combining-molecular-fungal-ecology-and-natural-products-chemistry
#19
Marlis Reich, Antje Labes
Marine fungi have attracted attention in recent years due to increased appreciation of their functional role in ecosystems and as important sources of new natural products. The concomitant development of various "omic" technologies has boosted fungal research in the fields of biodiversity, physiological ecology and natural product biosynthesis. Each of these research areas has its own research agenda, scientific language and quality standards, which have so far hindered an interdisciplinary exchange. Inter- and transdisciplinary interactions are, however, vital for: (i) a detailed understanding of the ecological role of marine fungi, (ii) unlocking their hidden potential for natural product discovery, and (iii) designing access routes for biotechnological production...
October 11, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024473/building-sustainable-careers-in-nursing-science-scientific-innovations-and-transdisciplinary-collaborations
#20
EDITORIAL
Patricia A Grady, Deborah Trautman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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