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Weight Loss Maintenance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143063/translating-aetiological-insight-into-sustainable-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Roy Taylor, Alison C Barnes
Using a low-energy diet as a tool, it has been possible to elucidate the sequence of pathophysiological changes that lead to the onset of type 2 diabetes. Negative energy balance in type 2 diabetes causes a profound fall in liver fat content resulting in normalisation of hepatic insulin sensitivity within 7 days. As the period of negative energy balance extends and liver fat levels fall to low normal, the rate of export of triacylglycerol from the liver falls. Consequent to this, the raised pancreas fat content falls and in early type 2 diabetes, normal first-phase insulin secretion becomes re-established with normal plasma glucose control...
November 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136612/biochemical-anthropometric-and-lifestyle-factors-related-with-weight-maintenance-after-weight-loss-secondary-to-a-hypocaloric-mediterranean-diet
#2
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Hilda F Ovalle, Juan Jose Lopez, Emilia Gomez, Ana Ortola, Rocio Aller
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of lifestyle factors and molecular biomarkers on the maintenance of the weight lost after a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet. DESIGN: After 3 months on a diet, patients (n = 335) remained with no controlled diet during 3 years and they were revaluated. RESULTS: Using linear regression, in the group of responders, we detected that a positive weight loss at 3 months, serum levels of leptin at 3 months, and each 30 min per week of physical activity were associated with weight loss maintenance...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130068/diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-primary-care-patients-with-recent-intentional-weight-loss
#3
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Dana Tudorascu, Cindy L Bryce, Diane Comer, Gary S Fischer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly A Huber, Kathleen M McTigue, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Molly B Conroy
Purpose: Lifestyle habits of primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss are unclear and need to be better understood to aid in translational health promotion efforts. We aimed to characterize diet and exercise habits in primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss, comparing those with greater (≥10%) vs. lesser (5 to <10%) weight loss. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial comparing weight loss maintenance interventions...
2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128557/the-effect-of-diet-adiposity-and-weight-loss-on-the-secretion-of-incretin-hormones-in-cats
#4
K E McCool, A J Rudinsky, V J Parker, C O Herbert, C Gilor
Degree of adiposity and dietary macronutrient composition affect incretin hormone secretion in humans and mice, but little is known about their effect in cats. In this study, 7 overweight cats were fed a maintenance diet (MD) for at least 2 wk followed by a reduced calorie diet (RCD), which was lower in fat and higher in carbohydrates and fiber. Cats were fed ad libitum initially, and then, food was restricted to achieve 1%-2% loss of body weight weekly (11 wk). When lean, cats were fed MD for 2 wk. A standardized meal test (SMT) using a third diet was performed after at least 7 d on each diet, before and after weight loss (four SMT's total)...
October 20, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124252/bone-loss-at-the-hip-and-subsequent-mortality-in-older-men-the-osteoporotic-fractures-in-men-mros-study
#5
Peggy M Cawthon, Sheena Patel, Susan K Ewing, Li-Yung Lui, Jane A Cauley, Jennifer G Lyons, Lisa Fredman, Deborah M Kado, Andrew R Hoffman, Nancy E Lane, Kristine E Ensrud, Steven R Cummings, Eric S Orwoll
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with increased mortality risk, yet the impact of BMD loss on mortality is relatively unknown. We hypothesized that greater BMD loss is associated with increased mortality risk in older men. Change in femoral neck BMD was assessed in 4400 Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study participants with two to three repeat dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans over an average of 4.6 ± 0.4 (mean ± SD) years. Change in femoral neck BMD was estimated using mixed effects models; men were grouped into three categories of BMD change: maintenance (n = 1087; change ≥ 0 g/cm(2)); expected loss (n = 2768; change between 0 g/cm(2) and <1 SD below mean change [>-0...
August 2017: JBMR Plus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117105/efficacy-of-web-based-weight-loss-maintenance-programs-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-standard-features-versus-the-addition-of-enhanced-personalized-feedback-over-12-months
#6
Clare E Collins, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Christopher Oldmeadow, Daniel Barker, Robin Callister
Few randomized controlled trials (RCT) have evaluated the efficacy of web-based programs targeting maintenance of lost weight. The aims of this study were to evaluate two versions of a commercially available web-based weight loss maintenance (WLM) program and examine whether the provision of enhanced feedback was associated with better WLM. The study was an assessor-blinded RCT of change in body mass index (BMI) over 12 months WLM. Participants were 227 adults (44% male, 42.3 ± 10.1 years, BMI 30.4 ± 4.1 kg/m²) randomized to either a basic (Basic WLM) or enhanced program with additional support (Enhanced WLM)...
November 8, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111172/nutritional-counseling-with-or-without-systematic-use-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy
#7
Emanuele Cereda, Silvia Cappello, Sara Colombo, Catherine Klersy, Ilaria Imarisio, Annalisa Turri, Marilisa Caraccia, Valeria Borioli, Teresa Monaco, Marco Benazzo, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Franco Corbella, Riccardo Caccialanza
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the benefit of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) in addition to nutritional counseling in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: In a single-center, randomized, pragmatic, parallel-group controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02055833; February 2014-August 2016), 159 newly diagnosed HNC patients suitable for to RT regardless of previous surgery and induction chemotherapy were randomly assigned to nutritional counseling in combination with ONS (N = 78) or without ONS (N = 81) from the start of RT and continuing for up to 3 months after its end...
October 27, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104805/three-year-follow-up-of-participants-from-a-self-weighing-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Lua Wilkinson, Carly R Pacanowski, David Levitsky
Frequent self-weighing is associated with weight loss maintenance. Several years ago, we investigated frequent self-weighing's effect on weight loss and found the participants lost a significant amount of weight. Three years after this trial's end, participants were contacted for an update on their weight and self-weighing frequency. Weight change and self-weighing frequency since the end of the study were assessed. We hypothesized that participants who maintained frequent self-weighing behavior would have maintained their weight loss...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103239/elevated-levels-of-mir-122-in-serum-may-contribute-to-improved-endothelial-function-and-lower-oncologic-risk-following-bariatric-surgery
#9
Arnon Blum, Hila Yehuda, Nissim Geron, Ari Meerson
BACKGROUND: Weight loss surgery is the most effective treatment for obesity, and it reduces cardiovascular and cancer risk through poorly understood mechanisms. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules that regulate the stability and translation of many mRNAs. We hypothesized that levels of specific circulating miRNAs are altered following surgery and may contribute to lower cancer risk. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the change of miRNA following surgery. METHODS: All patients underwent gastric "sleeve operation"...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101739/brown-adipose-tissue-an-update-on-recent-findings
#10
REVIEW
Kara L Marlatt, Eric Ravussin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New treatment approaches to weight loss and weight loss maintenance in humans are critical. Given its potential role in stimulating energy expenditure, brown adipose tissue (BAT) activation has become a trending topic as an anti-obesity treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Most studies on BAT stimulation have been conducted in rodents and used cold stimulation. To date, few human trials exist that tested the effect of cold exposure on BAT. Those studies show that BAT contributes a small amount to overall energy metabolism which is unlikely to cause weight loss...
November 3, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099051/dietary-intake-after-weight-loss-and-the-risk-of-weight-regain-macronutrient-composition-and-inflammatory-properties-of-the-diet
#11
Harry Freitag Luglio Muhammad, Roel G Vink, Nadia J T Roumans, Laura A J Arkenbosch, Edwin C Mariman, Marleen A van Baak
Weight regain after successful weight loss is a big problem in obesity management. This study aimed to investigate whether weight regain after a weight loss period is correlated with the macronutrient composition and/or the inflammatory index of the diet during that period. Sixty one overweight and obese adults participated in this experimental study. Subjects lost approximately 10% of their initial weight by means of very low-calorie diet for five weeks, or a low calorie diet for 12 weeks. After that, subjects in both groups followed a strict weight maintenance diet based on individual needs for four weeks, which was followed by a nine-month weight maintenance period without dietary counseling...
November 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090513/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-successful-weight-loss-maintainers
#12
Danielle M Ostendorf, Kate Lyden, Zhaoxing Pan, Holly R Wyatt, James O Hill, Edward L Melanson, Victoria A Catenacci
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare patterns of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA, ≥ 3.00 metabolic equivalents [METs]), light-intensity physical activity (LPA, 1.50-2.99 METs), and sedentary behavior (SB, < 1.50 METs) in successful weight loss maintainers (WLMs), normal weight controls (NC), and controls with overweight/obesity (OC). METHODS: Participants (18-65 y) were recruited in three groups: WLM (maintaining ≥ 13...
November 1, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084318/dose-content-and-mediators-of-family-based-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-a-multisite-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Denise E Wilfley, Brian E Saelens, Richard I Stein, John R Best, Rachel P Kolko, Kenneth B Schechtman, Michael Wallendorf, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Leonard H Epstein
Importance: Elucidation of optimal dosing and treatment content is critical for health care providers, payers, and policy makers, as well as mechanisms of change to inform intervention delivery and training initiatives for childhood obesity. Objectives: To evaluate effects, following a 4-month family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT), of 2 doses (HIGH or LOW) of a weight-control intervention (enhanced social facilitation maintenance [SFM+]) vs a weight-control education condition (CONTROL; matched for dose with LOW), on child anthropometrics, and to explore putative mediators of weight loss outcomes...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080898/thiamine-diphosphate-status-and-dialysis-related-losses-in-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-treated-with-hemodialysis
#14
Magdalena Jankowska, Paweł Rudnicki-Velasquez, Hanna Storoniak, Przemysław Rutkowski, Bolesław Rutkowski, Karol Krzymiński, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
AIM: (1) To describe the whole blood content of thiamine diphosphate (TDP), a biologically active form of vitamin B1 in end-stage kidney disease patients treated with hemodialysis (HD); (2) to establish the impact of a single HD procedure on TDP blood concentrations; and (3) to describe potential explanatory variables influencing TDP dialysis related losses, including dialysis prescription, vitamin B1 dietary intake and supplementation. METHODS: Single-center, cross-sectional study in 50 clinically stable maintenance HD patients...
October 28, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076903/imaging-characteristics-of-chemotherapy-related-adult-onset-still-disease
#15
Yang Lu, Beth A Chasen, Homer A Macapinlac
A 60-year-old man with lymphoma completed chemotherapy on October 21, 2016, with complete remission. He then received rituximab maintenance therapy. Since March 2017, he has had progressive fatigue, myalgias, rash, weight loss, diarrhea, and recurrent low-grade fever. Subsequent bone marrow biopsy and FDG PET/CT demonstrated no active lymphoma. An In-white blood cell scan showed abnormal tracer uptake on 20-hour postinjection, but not on 3-hour postinjection images, including innumerable skeleton muscle foci, multiple cutaneous foci, and persistent diffuse increased uptake in the lungs...
December 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076610/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
K Carrière, B Khoury, M M Günak, B Knäuper
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are investigating the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for weight loss and obesity-related eating behaviours. However, the results of past reviews are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify these inconsistencies, we conducted a comprehensive effect-size analysis to evaluate the efficacy of MBIs on weight loss and eating behaviours. DATA SOURCE: Data sources were identified through a systematic review of studies published in journals or as dissertations in PsychINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Medline and Scopus, ProQuest or OATD from the first available date to March 10, 2017...
October 27, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074473/is-laser-acupuncture-an-effective-complementary-therapy-for-obesity-management-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-trials
#17
Nazli Namazi, Kajal Khodamoradi, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Hossein Ayati
BACKGROUND: Complementary therapies may increase the success rate of weight loss via a calorie-restricted diet. Acupuncture is a popular complementary therapy for obesity management. To our knowledge, no studies have summarised the effects of laser acupuncture (LA) on obesity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of LA, in particular with respect to its impact on anthropometric features and appetite in obese adults, by conducting a systematic review of previous clinical trials...
October 26, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073365/energy-expenditure-during-an-exercise-training-session-for-cardiac-patients
#18
Helena Santa-Clara, Xavier Melo, Romina Willi, Rita Pinto, Vanessa Santos, José P Almeida, Rodrigo Martins, Ron Clijsen, Miguel Mendes, Bo Fernhall
Background Increasing energy expenditure (EE) in cardiac patients remains a challenge. Exercise approaches in cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs (CR/SP) have consistently resulted in minimal weight loss, due in part to the low exercise-related EE. Purpose To measure the EE among patients participating in a routine exercise session of Phase III maintenance CR/SP where a recreational activity was introduced. Methods Twelve overweight/obese male patients with coronary artery disease (62.6 ± 8...
October 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065773/describing-and-expanding-the-clinical-phenotype-of-anti-mda5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-case-series-of-nine-canadian-patients-and-literature-review
#19
S Hoa, Y Troyanov, M J Fritzler, I N Targoff, S Chartrand, A M Mansour, E Rich, H Boudabbouz, J Bourré-Tessier, M Albert, J R Goulet, M Landry, J L Senécal
OBJECTIVE: To describe and expand the phenotype of anti-MDA5-associated rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (MDA5-RPILD) in Canadian patients. METHOD: All proven cases of MDA5-RPILD hospitalized in the University of Montreal's affiliated centres from 2004 to 2015 were selected for inclusion. RESULTS: Of nine consecutive patients, RPILD was the presenting manifestation in seven, whereas two patients developed RPILD 2 years after the onset of arthritis and of chronic interstitial lung disease...
October 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058620/powers-forid-personalized-online-weight-and-exercise-response-system-for-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
William H Neumeier, Nichole Guerra, Mohanraj Thirumalai, Betty Geer, David Ervin, James H Rimmer
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability (ID) is characterized by limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Adults with ID exhibit higher rates of obesity and poorer health status compared to the general population. Continuity of care and barriers to health-related activities may contribute to the poorer health status observed in this population. To address this problem, a tailored weight management online health information and communication technology platform, known as POWERSforID, was developed and is being tested to determine if this delivery mechanism can improve weight maintenance/weight loss in adults with ID...
October 23, 2017: Trials
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