Read by QxMD icon Read

Weight Loss Maintenance

Carol H Wysham, Dominic Pilon, Mike Ingham, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Bruno Emond, Rhiannon Kamstra, Michael Pfeifer, Patrick Lefebvre
OBJECTIVE: To compare achievement of quality goals (HbA1c, weight loss/body mass index[BMI], systolic blood pressure[SBP]), including maintaining HbA1c, between patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with canagliflozin 300mg (CANA) or a GLP-1 in an actual practice setting. METHODS: Adults with T2DM newly initiated on CANA or a GLP-1 were identified from the IQVIATM Real-World Data Electronic Medical Records - US database (2012Q2-2016Q1). To account for differences in baseline characteristics, inverse probability of treatment weighting was used...
March 20, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Ulla Kärkkäinen, Linda Mustelin, Anu Raevuori, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors associated with successful weight maintenance over ten years in a prospective general population sample of young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study comprised 2452 women and 2227 men born in 1975-1979 (mean age at baseline 24 years, attrition 27.1%). Weight maintenance was defined as weight maintained within ±5% of baseline body mass index (BMI). We examined the role of various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors in successful weight maintenance...
March 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Luzia Jaeger Hintze, Virginie Messier, Marie-Ève Lavoie, Martin Brochu, Jean-Marc Lavoie, Denis Prud'homme, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Éric Doucet
Resistance training (RT) has been shown to decrease fat mass (FM), and increase fat-free mass (FFM), which can be a useful for weight loss maintenance. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a 1-year RT intervention on weight loss maintenance following a 6-month dietary weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Following a 6-month dietary weight loss intervention (-6% ± 5.8; 5.05 kg ± 4.45), 70 postmenopausal women living with overweight or obesity were randomized to a control group (n = 34) or a RT group (n = 36) (3×/week first 6 months, 2×/week last 6 months, 70-80% of 1-repetition maximum)...
March 13, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Ellen A G Chernoff, Kazuna Sato, Hai V N Salfity, Deborah A Sarria, Teri Belecky-Adams
The differentiated state of spinal cord ependymal cells in regeneration-competent amphibians varies between a constitutively active state in what is essentially a developing organism, the tadpole of the frog Xenopus laevis , and a quiescent, activatable state in a slowly growing adult salamander Ambystoma mexicanum , the Axolotl. Ependymal cells are epithelial in intact spinal cord of all vertebrates. After transection, body region ependymal epithelium in both Xenopus and the Axolotl disorganizes for regenerative outgrowth (gap replacement)...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Vajihe Izadi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Parisa Moosavian, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: There are no investigations regarding the effects of consuming low-energy-dense diets rich in multiple functional foods on weight-loss maintenance, inflammatory markers, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors simultaneously. METHOD: This randomized controlled trial design was conducted on 90 men and women who were under a previous weight loss diet. Three months of intervention with recruitment at Allzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, was done. Intervention was conducted following achieving 7-11 kg weight loss...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Adina Bachar, Gregory Livshits, Ruth Birk
AIM: In overweight/obese individuals, modest 5% weight loss and its maintenance promotes health; however, it is challenging and typically unachievable, especially in community settings. Established predictors of weight loss outcome in a community setting are lacking, hindering the development of practical interventions and prevention tools. Our aim was to identify predictors associated with 5% weight reduction (initial 6 months) and maintenance (1 year) in overweight and obese adults undergoing weight reduction treatment, free of charge, in a community setting...
March 8, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Joanna Buscemi, Oksana Pugach, Sparkle Springfield, Jiyeong Jang, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys, Linda Schiffer, Melinda R Stolley, Marian L Fitzgibbon
INTRODUCTION: African-American women are at increased risk for obesity, and therefore it is important to identify dietary factors that have the potential to prevent weight gain within this population. The purpose of the current study was to examine associations between daily fiber intake and Body Mass Index (BMI) over the course of an 18-month weight loss intervention for African-American women. METHODS: Anthropometric measures and the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire were administered at baseline, 6-month, and 18-month follow-up between 2008 and 2010...
February 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Diana Sarfati, Melissa McLeod, James Stanley, Virginia Signal, Jeannine Stairmand, Jeremy Krebs, Anthony Dowell, William Leung, Cheryl Davies, Rebecca Grainger
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions (LTCs) are the biggest contributor to health loss in New Zealand. The economic cost and burden on the health system is substantial and growing. Self-management strategies offer a potential way to reduce the pressure on health services. This study evaluates a comprehensive self-management programme (the BetaMe programme) delivered by mobile and web-based technologies for people with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and pre-diabetes. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the BetaMe programme versus usual care among primary care populations in improving the control of T2DM and pre-diabetes, as measured by change in HbA1c and weight over 12 months...
March 5, 2018: Trials
Lisa G Rosas, Nan Lv, Kristen M J Azar, Lan Xiao, Steven P Hooker, Megan A Lewis, Patricia Zavella, Elizabeth M Venditti, Jun Ma
Latino men bear a disproportionate burden of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, limited behavioral lifestyle intervention research has focused on Latino men. This trial compares two approaches to weight loss for overweight and obese Latino men: 1) HOMBRE is a culturally adapted intervention that provides individual choice of either self-directed online videos, coach-facilitated in-person groups, and coach-facilitated online groups; and 2) a minimal intensity intervention that uses online videos with a coach available, if solicited by the participant...
March 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Claire Townsend Ing, Robin E S Miyamoto, Rui Fang, Mapuana Antonio, Diane Paloma, Kathryn L Braun, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula
BACKGROUND: Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders have high rates of overweight and obesity compared with other ethnic groups in Hawai'i. Effective weight loss and weight loss-maintenance programs are needed to address obesity and obesity-related health inequities for this group. AIMS: Compare the effectiveness of a 9-month, worksite-based, weight loss-maintenance intervention delivered via DVD versus face-to-face in continued weight reduction and weight loss maintenance beyond the initial weight loss phase...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Eun Sun So
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the impacts of weight change and weight change intention on health-related quality of life (HRQL) among community-dwelling Korean elderly individuals. METHOD: Data on those aged 75 years and above from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Compared with no weight change, unintentional weight loss was associated with significantly lower adjusted overall HRQL and lower scores in the subdimensions of mobility, pain/discomfort, usual activities, and self-care (in order), whereas intentional weight loss was associated with significantly poorer scores for anxiety/depression...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
P Mistry, V Currie, P Super, C W le Roux, A A Tahrani, R Singhal
The long-term outcomes of weight loss maintenance induced by laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) followed by multidisciplinary medical care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (beyond 3 years) are scarcely reported. Study aims were to determine the longer term metabolic outcomes following LAGB combined with medical care in patients with T2DM. This is a longitudinal analysis of 200 adults with T2DM who had LAGB between 2003 and 2008 and were followed up till 2013 at a single bariatric unit in a tertiary UK centre...
March 4, 2018: Clinical Obesity
Karen R Siegel, Kai McKeever Bullard, Giuseppina Imperatore, Mohammed K Ali, Ann Albright, Carla I Mercado, Rui Li, Edward W Gregg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the proportion of American adults without type 2 diabetes that engages in lifestyle behaviors known to reduce type 2 diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 3,679 nonpregnant, nonlactating individuals aged ≥20 years without diabetes (self-reported diagnosis or glycated hemoglobin ≥6.5% [8 mmol/mol] or fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL) and who provided 2 days of reliable dietary data in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES)...
March 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
G Campisciano, S Palmisano, C Cason, M Giuricin, M Silvestri, M Guerra, D Macor, N De Manzini, L S Crocé, M Comar
Intestinal microbiota analysis of obese patients after bariatric surgery showed that Proteobacteria decreased after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG), while it increased after laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB). Comparing to normal weight (NW) patients, obese patients that were selected for SG showed an almost equal amount of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes and the ratio was not affected by the surgery. Obese patients before LGB showed a predominance of Bacteroidetes, whose amount regained a relative abundance similar to NW patients after surgery...
February 27, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
Koen van der Swaluw, Mattijs S Lambooij, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Maarten Schipper, Marcel Zeelenberg, Stef Berkhout, Johan J Polder, Henriëtte M Prast
To overcome self-control difficulties, people can commit to their health goals by voluntarily accepting deadlines with consequences. In a commitment lottery, the winners are drawn from all participants, but can only claim their prize if they also attained their gym-attendance goals. In a 52-week, three-arm trial across six company gyms, we tested if commitment lotteries with behavioral economic underpinnings would promote physical activity among overweight adults. In previous work, we presented an effective 26-week intervention...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Lawrence J Appel, Bethany Bray, Neon Brooks, Victor J Stevens
BACKGROUND: We have demonstrated previously that patterns of behavioral adherence in the first 6 months of behavioral lifestyle interventions were associated with significant weight loss at 18 months. In this article, we extend this work to examine patterns of behavioral adherence over 18 months and to explore baseline demographic and psychosocial predictors. METHOD: Latent class analysis was applied separately to the Weight Loss Maintenance and PREMIER trials data to examine patterns of adherence to the following recommendations: (1) consuming ≥9 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, (2) ≤25% of energy from total fat, (3) ≤7% energy from saturated fat, and (4) ≥180 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
T Mehtiö, E Negussie, P Mäntysaari, E A Mäntysaari, M H Lidauer
The main objective of this study was to assess the genetic differences in metabolizable energy efficiency and efficiency in partitioning metabolizable energy in different pathways: maintenance, milk production, and growth in primiparous dairy cows. Repeatability models for residual energy intake (REI) and metabolizable energy intake (MEI) were compared and the genetic and permanent environmental variations in MEI were partitioned into its energy sinks using random regression models. We proposed 2 new feed efficiency traits: metabolizable energy efficiency (MEE), which is formed by modeling MEI fitting regressions on energy sinks [metabolic body weight (BW0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Maria Chondronikola, Faidon Magkos, Jun Yoshino, Adewole L Okunade, Bruce W Patterson, Michael J Muehlbauer, Christopher B Newgard, Samuel Klein
OBJECTIVE: Lactate is an intermediate of glucose metabolism that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. This study evaluated the relationship between glucose kinetics and plasma lactate concentration ([LAC]) before and after manipulating insulin sensitivity by progressive weight loss. METHODS: Forty people with obesity (BMI = 37.9 ± 4.3 kg/m2 ) were randomized to weight maintenance (n = 14) or weight loss (n = 19). Subjects were studied before and after 6 months of weight maintenance and before and after 5%, 11%, and 16% weight loss...
February 24, 2018: Obesity
Blake Miller, Nathalie Selevsek, Jonas Grossman, Tanya Kilminster, Tim Scanlon, Matthew Daniels, Paolo Nanni, John Milton, Chris Oldham, Johan Greef, Aspinas Chapwanya, Don Bergfelt, André M de Almeida
The effect of feed restriction on the liver protein profiles of two different breeds of sheep was studied. We compared Merino with the Damara, breeds with respectively low and high tolerance to nutritional stress. Each breed was grouped into two nutritional treatments: restricted (12-14% loss of live weight) and control (maintenance). The trial lasted 42 days. Animals were sacrificed and liver samples subjected to label free shotgun proteomics. The resultant proteins had both their fold change and statistical significance in an unpaired t-test calculated to identify differential protein abundance...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
S W Gratz, S Hazim, A J Richardson, L Scobbie, A M Johnstone, C Fyfe, G Holtrop, G E Lobley, W R Russell
PURPOSE: High protein weight loss diets are effective in aiding body weight management. However, high protein and low carbohydrate intakes can alter colonic fermentation profiles in humans and may impact on colonic health. This study aims to identify the most important dietary contributors to colonic fermentation during diet-controlled weight loss. METHODS: Overweight or obese male volunteers (n = 18) consumed a body weight maintenance diet (fed at 1.5× basic metabolic rate, BMR) followed by three weight loss diets (fed at 1× BMR) for 10 days each in a cross-over design...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"