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Weight Loss Maintenance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443489/relationship-between-volition-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-maintenance-study-rationale-design-methods-and-baseline-characteristics
#1
Sune Dandanell, Anne-Marie Elbe, Gertrud Pfister, Peter Elsborg, Jørn W Helge
AIMS: To investigate the relationship between volition, physical activity and weight loss maintenance. METHODS: We recruited 84 sedentary (maximal oxygen uptake: 25 ± 5 ml/min), overweight and obese (Body mass index (BMI) 38 ± 7 m/h(2), fat 44 ± 7 %) women ( n = 55) and men ( n = 29) for an interdisciplinary prospective study with follow-up. The change in lifestyle and weight loss is promoted via a 3-month intensive lifestyle intervention at a private health school...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443486/repeated-lifestyle-interventions-lead-to-progressive-weight-loss-a-retrospective-review-chart-study
#2
Sune Dandanell, Christian Ritz, Elisabeth Verdich, Flemming Dela, Jørn W Helge
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether repeated lifestyle interventions lead to progressive weight loss or to weight cycling. METHODS: A retrospective review chart study with follow-up on 2120 participants (mean±SD age 36±15 years; body weight 116±28 kg; fat 43±6%). All had participated in one to four 11-12 week lifestyle interventions (residential weight loss programme, mixed activities). Weight loss was promoted through a hypocaloric diet (-500 to -700 kcal/day) and daily physical activity (1-3 hours/day)...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440846/viktminskning-utan-kirurgi-kr%C3%A3-ver-energirestriktion-och-f%C3%A3-ljsamhet-ger-minskat-nyinsjuknande-i-diabetes-och-f%C3%A3-rb%C3%A3-ttrade-kardiovaskul%C3%A3-ra-riskfaktorer-visar-litteraturgenomg%C3%A3-ng
#3
Ingrid Larsson, Madeléne Sandqvist, Malin Werling, Malin Wiklund, Christina Bergh, Björn Eliasson
Energy restriction and adherence required for weight loss without surgery Non-surgical weight loss treatment has not been shown to reduce mortality or cardiovascular morbidity, but can prevent diabetes mellitus and improves cardiovascular risk factors. For weight loss, energy restriction is fundamental and can lead to an average 2 to 20 kg loss over 6 to 12 months. Pharmacological treatment, behaviour therapy, physical activity and weight loss advice through web sites and smartphone applications and combinations in addition to energy restriction can contribute to further, but relatively limited weight loss up to 30 months...
April 25, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439092/timeline-of-changes-in-appetite-during-weight-loss-with-a-ketogenic-diet
#4
S Nymo, S R Coutinho, J Jørgensen, J F Rehfeld, H Truby, B Kulseng, C Martins
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Diet-induced weight loss (WL) leads to increased hunger and reduced fullness feelings, increased ghrelin and reduced satiety peptides concentration (glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), cholecystokinin (CCK) and peptide YY (PYY)). Ketogenic diets seem to minimise or supress some of these responses. The aim of this study was to determine the timeline over which changes in appetite occur during progressive WL with a ketogenic very-low energy diet (VLED). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Thirty-one sedentary adults (18 men), with obesity (BMI: 37±4...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420082/can-early-rehabilitation-prevent-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis-in-the-patellofemoral-joint-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-understanding-the-pathological-features
#5
Nai-Jen Chang, Ming-You Shie, Kuan-Wei Lee, Pei-Hsi Chou, Chih-Chan Lin, Chih-Jou Chu
Knee instability resulting from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a high-risk factor for posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). However, whether non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing treatments have chondroprotective effects remains unclear. Twenty-four adult New Zealand White male rabbits were employed in this study. All animals received ACL transection in the right knee and sham surgery in the left knee. The rabbits were randomly assigned to the following groups: (I) In the sedentary (SED) group, the rabbits (n = 6) were simply kept in their cage; (II) In the continuous passive motion (CPM) group, the rabbits (n = 6) performed CPM exercise for 7 days, starting from the first postoperative day; (III) In the active treadmill exercise (TRE) group, the rabbits (n = 6) performed TRE for 2 weeks; (IV) In the CPM + TRE group, the rabbits (n = 6) executed CPM exercise, followed by TRE...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417501/d-dimer-level-in-association-with-humoral-responses-negatively-correlates-with-survival-of-porcine-islet-grafts-in-non-human-primates-with-immunosuppression
#6
Hee Jung Kang, Haneulnari Lee, Eun Mi Park, Jong-Min Kim, Byoung-Hoon Min, Chung-Gyu Park
BACKGROUND: Several immunosuppression (IS) regimens achieve long-term graft survival in non-human primates (NHPs) after porcine islet transplantation (PITx), but their success rates vary. To understand the mechanism of graft loss, we investigated the relationships between graft survival and humoral or inflammatory responses for maintenance IS in NHPs after PITx. METHODS: Islets purified from adult wild-type pigs were intraportally transplanted into streptozotocin-induced diabetic rhesus monkeys...
April 18, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414066/factors-associated-with-maintenance-of-body-mass-index-in-the-jackson-heart-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-secondary-analysis
#7
Brandon J Auerbach, Ronit Katz, Katherine Tucker, Edward J Boyko, Adam Drewnowski, Alain Bertoni, Patricia Dubbert, DeMarc A Hickson, Adolfo Correa, Bessie A Young
The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship of diet quality, physical activity, and environmental factors with body mass index (BMI) maintenance in African American adults. We analyzed data from 4041 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a prospective cohort study based in Jackson, Mississippi. Exposures were baseline American Heart Association diet quality score, American Heart Association physical activity categories, the built environment, the food environment, and neighborhood safety. The outcome was weight maintenance or loss (no BMI increase ≥1...
April 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413578/epicardial-fat-in-the-maintenance-of-cardiovascular-health
#8
Yang Wu, Aijun Zhang, Dale J Hamilton, Tuo Deng
Epicardial fat is a unique adipose tissue located between the myocardium and the visceral layer of pericardium. This tissue is characterized by highly active fatty acid metabolism and highly expressed thermogenic genes. Epicardial fat and the underlying myocardium share the same microcirculation, suggesting a close and strong interaction between these two structures. Under physiological conditions, epicardial fat protects and supports the heart to exert its normal function. Many clinical studies have shown significant associations between increased amounts of epicardial fat and coronary artery disease (CAD)...
January 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410181/alcohol-intake-among-breast-cancer-survivors-change-in-alcohol-use-during-a-weight-management-intervention
#9
Tera L Fazzino, Kimberly Fleming, Christie Befort
BACKGROUND: Daily alcohol intake in quantities as small as half a drink/day significantly increases the risk of breast cancer recurrence for postmenopausal survivors. Interventions designed to modify alcohol use among survivors have not been studied; however, lifestyle interventions that target change in dietary intake may affect alcohol intake. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate change in alcohol use during a weight loss intervention for obese, rural-dwelling breast cancer survivors...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409089/comparative-effectiveness-of-guided-weight-loss-and-physical-activity-monitoring-for-weight-loss-and-metabolic-risks-a-pilot-study
#10
Karissa L Peyer, Laura D Ellingson, Kathryn Bus, Sarah A Walsh, Warren D Franke, Gregory J Welk
Many consumer-based physical activity monitors (PAMs) are available but it is not clear how to use them to most effectively promote weight loss. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of a personal PAM, a guided weight loss program (GWL), and the combination of these approaches on weight loss and metabolic risk. Participants completed the study in two cohorts: Fall 2010 and Spring 2011. A sample of 72 obese individuals in the Ames, IA area were randomized to one of 3 conditions: 1) (GWL, N = 31), 2) PAM, N = 29, or 3) a combination group (PAM + GWL, N = 29)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407129/a-noninferiority-trial-comparing-a-heparin-grafted-membrane-plus-citrate-containing-dialysate-versus-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-results-of-the-cited-study
#11
Björn Meijers, Christoph Metalidis, Thomas Vanhove, Ruben Poesen, Dirk Kuypers, Pieter Evenepoel
Background.: Anticoagulation is a prerequisite for successful haemodialysis. Heparin and low-molecular weight heparins are routinely used despite increased bleeding risk. Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is efficacious, but is laborious and may induce metabolic disturbances. Heparin-grafted membranes are less efficacious. It is not known whether combining citrate-containing dialysate and a heparin-grafted membrane is a valid anticoagulation strategy. Methods.: We performed a randomized crossover noninferiority trial, with a prespecified noninferiority threshold of 10% in maintenance dialysis patients ( n  = 25)...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406437/low-glycemic-index-prototype-isomaltulose-update-of-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Constanze Christin Maresch, Sebastian Friedrich Petry, Stephan Theis, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Thomas Linn
Low glycemic index diets are supposed to achieve a more beneficial effect on blood glucose control in people with diabetes mellitus and may also provide metabolic benefits for the general population. A prototype of a low-glycemic index carbohydrate is the natural occurring disaccharide isomaltulose that can be commercially produced from sucrose (beet sugar) to industrial scale. It is currently used in various food and drink applications as well as special and clinical nutrition feeds and formula diet as a food ingredient and alternative sugar...
April 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405344/successful-long-term-weight-loss-among-participants-with-diabetes-receiving-an-intervention-promoting-an-adapted-mediterranean-style-dietary-pattern-the-heart-healthy-lenoir-project
#13
Genevieve G R Embree, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Larry F Johnston, Beverly A Garcia, Ziya Gizlice, Kelly R Evenson, Darren A DeWalt, Alice S Ammerman, Thomas C Keyserling
OBJECTIVE: To examine weight change by diabetes status among participants receiving a Mediterranean-style diet, physical activity, and weight loss intervention adapted for delivery in the southeastern USA, where rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are disproportionately high. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The intervention included: Phase I (months 1-6), an individually tailored intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and increased walking; Phase II (months 7-12), option of a 16-week weight loss intervention for those with BMI≥25 kg/m(2) offered as 16 weekly group sessions or 5 group sessions and 10 phone calls, or a lifestyle maintenance intervention; and Phase III (months 13-24), weight loss maintenance intervention for those losing ≥8 pounds with all others receiving a lifestyle maintenance intervention...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389087/editorial-sleep-quality-is-associated-with-weight-loss-maintenance-status-the-medweight-study
#14
EDITORIAL
Yaqoot Fatima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388511/won-t-stop-or-can-t-stop-food-restriction-as-a-habitual-behavior-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa-or-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Kathryn A Coniglio, Kendra R Becker, Debra L Franko, Lazaro V Zayas, Franziska Plessow, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
Food restriction among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) is regarded as a goal-directed behavior. However, Walsh (2013) theorized that, although restriction is initially maintained by operant conditioning (with successful weight loss and external praise as salient rewards), it ultimately becomes a classically conditioned habit, persisting regardless of the presence of these once-salient rewards. Understanding food restriction as a well-ingrained habit may provide insight into treatment resistance. Further, it is not clear whether habitual food restriction is present among individuals with atypical AN (i...
March 22, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376802/understanding-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-screening-practices-among-primary-care-physicians-a-qualitative-chart-stimulated-recall-study
#16
Dina Hafez, Daniel B Nelson, Evan G Martin, Alicia J Cohen, Rebecca Northway, Jeffrey T Kullgren
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can prevent future health problems, yet many individuals with these conditions are undiagnosed. This could be due, in part, to primary care physicians' (PCP) screening practices, about which little is known. The objectives of this study were to identify factors that influence PCPs' decisions to screen patients for T2DM and to characterize their interpretation and communication of screening test results to patients...
April 4, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376683/analyzing-the-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-study
#17
F Gallé, A Cirella, A M Salzano, V Di Onofrio, P Belfiore, G Liguori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376497/long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-by-a-meal-replacement-based-weight-management-program-in-primary-care
#18
Renate Kruschitz, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Harald Lothaller, Maria Luger, Bernhard Ludvik
OBJECTIVE: Structured obesity treatment programs at primary care level are becoming increasingly important. However, evidence from current treatment approaches in the long term is lacking. In view of this fact we evaluated a standardized, meal replacement-based weight loss program (myLINE®; AENGUS, Graz, Austria) according to the currently applicable guidelines. METHODS: Data of overweight and obese individuals (n = 70) who participated at least 36 months in the program were analyzed...
April 5, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371297/the-differential-plasma-proteome-of-obese-and-overweight-individuals-undergoing-a-nutritional-weight-loss-and-maintenance-intervention
#19
Sergio Oller Moreno, Ornella Cominetti, Antonio Núñez Galindo, Irina Irincheeva, John Corthésy, Arne Astrup, Wim H M Saris, Jörg Hager, Martin Kussmann, Loïc Dayon
PURPOSE: The nutritional intervention program "DiOGenes" focuses on how obesity can be prevented and treated from a dietary perspective. We generated differential plasma proteome profiles in the DiOGenes cohort to identify proteins associated with weight loss and maintenance and explore their relation to body mass index, fat mass, insulin resistance and sensitivity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Relative protein quantification was obtained at baseline and after combined weight loss/maintenance phases using isobaric tagging and MS/MS...
March 29, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368613/in-vivo-study-of-the-efficacy-of-the-essential-oil-of-zanthoxylum-bungeanum-pericarp-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-murine-experimental-colitis
#20
Zecai Zhang, Peng Shen, Jiuxi Liu, Cong Gu, Xiaojie Lu, Yanxin Li, Yongguo Cao, Bo Liu, Yunhe Fu, Naisheng Zhang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of the essential oil of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarp (ZBEO) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis in mice. ZBEO decreased DSS-induced body weight loss, the disease activity index, colon length shortening, colonic pathological damage, and myeloperoxidase activities. The production of pro-inflammatory mediators was significantly alleviated by ZBEO. Further mechanistic analysis showed that ZBEO inhibited inflammation by regulating NF-κB and PPARγ pathways...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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