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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811151/proposed-model-for-translational-research-at-a-teaching-intensive-college-of-pharmacy
#1
Erin Ulrich, Sarah Grady, Jacqueline Vonderhaar, Andrew Ruplin
BACKGROUND: Many American colleges of pharmacy are small, private, teaching institutions. Faculty are required to maintain a research agenda, although the publication quota is less compared with their publicly funded college of pharmacy peers. Faculty at these smaller schools conduct research with very little internal or external funding. This tends to lead to smaller, less impactful research findings. Translational research is becoming popular for research faculty as it bridges theory to practice...
August 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809176/potential-of-decision-support-in-preventing-pressure-ulcers-in-hospitals
#2
Ju Wang, Yang Gong
The development of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers signals low quality of care. Despite the established guidelines and best practices on pressure ulcer prevention, the incidence of pressure ulcers in hospital remains high. To meet the challenges of consistently translating best practices into effective clinical practices and promote effective teamwork communication and interprofessional collaboration, we consider the failure of consistent care delivery as loss of information and reveal the opportunities of informatics methods to reinforce information delivery, evidenced by typical cases...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808359/electronic-health-records-and-improved-patient-care-opportunities-for-applied-psychology
#3
Raj Ratwani
Healthcare is undergoing an unprecedented technology transition from paper medical records to electronic health records (EHRs). While the adoption of EHRs holds tremendous promise for improving efficiency, quality and safety, there have been numerous challenges that have been largely centered on the technology not meeting the cognitive needs of the clinical end-users. Clinicians are experiencing increased stress and frustration, and new safety hazards have been introduced. There is a significant opportunity for applied psychologists to address many of these challenges...
August 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807696/a-tailored-intervention-to-improving-the-quality-of-intrahospital-nursing-handover
#4
Jochen Bergs, Frank Lambrechts, Ines Mulleneers, Kim Lenaerts, Caroline Hauquier, Geert Proesmans, Sarah Creemers, Dominique Vandijck
INTRODUCTION: Nursing handover is a process central to the delivery of high-quality and safe care. We aimed to improve the quality of nursing handover from the emergency department to ward and intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pre-test - post-test design was applied. Handover quality was measured using the Handover Evaluation Scale (HES). A tailored intervention, inspired by appreciative inquiry, was designed to improve the implementation of an existing handover form and procedure...
August 11, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806988/subjective-safety-and-self-confidence-in-prehospital-trauma-care-and-learning-progress-after-trauma-courses-part-of-the-prospective-longitudinal-mixed-methods-epptc-trial
#5
David Häske, Stefan K Beckers, Marzellus Hofmann, Rolf Lefering, Paul A Grützner, Ulrich Stöckle, Vassilios Papathanassiou, Matthias Münzberg
BACKGROUND: Prehospital trauma care is stressful and requires multi-professional teamwork. A decrease in the number of accident victims ultimately affects the routine and skills and underlines the importance of effective training. Standardized courses, like PHTLS, are established for health care professionals to improve the prehospital care of trauma patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the subjective safety in prehospital trauma care and learning progress by paramedics in a longitudinal analysis...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806230/a-multifaceted-model-to-evaluate-interprofessional-education-in-clinical-nurse-specialist-programs
#6
Heather Becker, Gayle M Timmerman, Carole Delville, EunJin Seo
PURPOSE: Preparing students to engage in team-based healthcare is a major focus of clinical nurse specialist (CNS) education programs. A robust evaluation plan is needed to monitor achievement of key outcomes in this complex undertaking. DESCRIPTION: Informed by the work of Kirkpatrick and Stufflebeam, an evaluation model that incorporates multiple information sources about process and outcomes related to interprofessional (IP) education is proposed. OUTCOME: Improvements in scores on attitude and competency measures suggest that the program had the desired effects on students' attitudes and self-efficacy for IP collaboration and was validated by faculty clinical observations of IP communication and teamwork...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802338/context-in-quality-of-care-improving-teamwork-and-resilience
#7
REVIEW
Daniel S Tawfik, John Bryan Sexton, Kathryn C Adair, Heather C Kaplan, Jochen Profit
Quality improvement in health care is an ongoing challenge. Consideration of the context of the health care system is of paramount importance. Staff resilience and teamwork climate are key aspects of context that drive quality. Teamwork climate is dynamic, with well-established tools available to improve teamwork for specific tasks or global applications. Similarly, burnout and resilience can be modified with interventions such as cultivating gratitude, positivity, and awe. A growing body of literature has shown that teamwork and burnout relate to quality of care, with improved teamwork and decreased burnout expected to produce improved patient quality and safety...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801007/a-survey-to-evaluate-facilitators-and-barriers-to-quality-measurement-and-improvement-adapting-tools-for-implementation-research-in-palliative-care-programs
#8
Sydney M Dy, Nebras Abu Al Hamayel, Susan M Hannum, Ritu Sharma, Sarina R Isenberg, Kamini Kuchinad, Junya Zhu, Katherine Smith, Karl A Lorenz, Arif H Kamal, Anne M Walling, Sallie J Weaver
CONTEXT: Though critical for improving patient outcomes, palliative care quality indicators are not yet widely used. Better understanding of facilitators and barriers to palliative care quality measurement and improvement might improve their use and program quality. OBJECTIVES: Development of a survey tool to assess palliative care team perspectives on facilitators and barriers to quality measurement and improvement in palliative care programs. METHODS: We used the adapted Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to define domains and constructs to select instruments...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800209/using-local-clinical-educators-and-shared-resources-to-deliver-simulation-training-activities-across-rural-and-remote-south-australia-and-south-west-victoria-a-distributed-collaborative-model
#9
Stacey C Masters, Sandi Elliott, Sarah Boyd, James A Dunbar
PROBLEM: There is a lack of access to simulation-based education (SBE) for professional entry students (PES) and health professionals at rural and remote locations. DESIGN: A descriptive study. SETTING: Health and education facilities in regional South Australia and south-west Victoria. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Number of training recipients who participated in SBE; geographical distribution and locations where SBE was delivered; number of rural clinical educators providing SBE...
August 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#10
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795413/nursing-lives-in-the-blogosphere-a-thematic-analysis-of-anonymous-online-nursing-narratives
#11
Aimee Castro, Gavin Andrews
AIM: To explore the work-life narratives of nurses through a thematic analysis of the nursing accounts they post in their publicly accessible, anonymous blogs. BACKGROUND: Many nurses participate on social media. Blogs have been advocated as a self-reflective tool in nursing practice, yet as far as the authors are aware, no previous studies have explored nurses' individual blogs for their potential to reveal nurses' perceptions of nursing work. DESIGN: The research design was qualitative description...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793951/changes-in-surgical-team-performance-and-safety-climate-attitudes-following-expansion-of-perioperative-services-a-repeated-measures-study
#12
Brigid M Gillespie, Emma Harbeck, Evelyn Kang, Catherine Steel, Nicole Fairweather, Wendy Chaboyer
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe process changes in surgical team performance and team members' attitudes to safety culture following hospital relocation and expansion of perioperative services.Methods The study was a naturalistic study using structured observations and surveys to assess non-technical skills (NTS; i.e. communication, teamwork, situational awareness, decision making and leadership) in surgery. This interrupted time series design used mixed-linear regression models to examine the effect of phase (before and after hospital relocation) on surgical teams' NTS and their processes that may affect performance...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793945/iranian-physicians-perspectives-regarding-nurse-physician-professional-communication-implications-for-nurses
#13
Mohammad Esmaeilpour-Bandboni, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Mahvash Salsali, Sherrill Snelgrove, Lisa Kennedy Sheldon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurse-physician professional communication affects the effectiveness and performance of the health care team and the quality of care delivered to the patient. This study aimed to explore the perspectives and experiences of physicians on nurse-physician professional communication in an urban area of Iran. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 physicians selected using a purposive sampling method. Physicians from different medical specialties were chosen from 4 teaching hospitals in an urban area of Iran...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793125/clinical-simulation-with-dramatization-gains-perceived-by-students-and-health-professionals
#14
Elaine Cristina Negri, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Gerson Alves Pereira, Rodrigo Guimarães Dos Santos Almeida, César Eduardo Pedersoli
Objective: to identify in the literature the gains health students and professionals perceive when using clinical simulation with dramatization resources. Method: integrative literature review, using the method proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). A search was undertaken in the following databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792251/teamwork-on-the-rocks-rethinking-interprofessional-practice-as-networking
#15
Alan W Dow, Xi Zhu, Daniel Sewell, Colin A Banas, Vimal Mishra, Shin-Ping Tu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789739/teamstepps-virtual-teams-interactive-virtual-team-training-and-practice-for-health-professional-learners
#16
Rachel A Umoren, Julie A Poore, Linda Sweigart, Natalia Rybas, Evalyn Gossett, Miles Johnson, Martina Allen, Patricia J Scott, Barbara Truman, Rohit Das
Medical errors because of communication failure are common in health care settings. Teamwork training, such as Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS), improves team performance and patient outcomes. Academic institutions seek high-quality, low-cost curricula for interprofessional education (IPE) to prepare learners for clinical experiences before and after graduation; however, most IPE curricula involve lectures, simple tabletop exercises, and in-person simulations and are not readily accessible to geographically distributed and asynchronously engaged learners...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765980/the-aboveground-vegetation-type-and-underground-soil-property-mediate-the-divergence-of-soil-microbiomes-and-the-biological-interactions
#17
Shu-Hong Wu, Bing-Hong Huang, Chia-Lung Huang, Gang Li, Pei-Chun Liao
The composition of the soil microbiome is influenced by environmental (abiotic) variables and biological interactions (biotic factors). To determine whether the aboveground vegetation and soil physicochemical properties were the main determinant of beta-diversity and biological interaction of soil microbial community, we sampled soils from the temperate coniferous forest and grassland. Clustering of operational taxonomic units was conducted using 16S rRNA gene. We found that the microbial composition of the rhizospheres, in which root exudates influence the microbial environment, show lower alpha-diversity than that of nonroot soils...
August 1, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764780/improving-patient-safety-culture-in-saudi-arabia-2012-2015-trending-improvement-and-benchmarking
#18
Khalid Alswat, Rawia Ahmad Mustafa Abdalla, Maher Abdelraheim Titi, Maram Bakash, Faiza Mehmood, Beena Zubairi, Diana Jamal, Fadi El-Jardali
BACKGROUND: Measuring patient safety culture can provide insight into areas for improvement and help monitor changes over time. This study details the findings of a re-assessment of patient safety culture in a multi-site Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Results were compared to an earlier assessment conducted in 2012 and benchmarked with regional and international studies. Such assessments can provide hospital leadership with insight on how their hospital is performing on patient safety culture composites as a result of quality improvement plans...
August 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759551/pathways-to-bsn-education-teamwork-in-ohio
#19
Patricia A Sharpnack, Carol Drennen, Wendy Bowles, Chris Koffel, Diane Salvador, Judy Didion
AIM: The Ohio Action Coalition was formed to address the key recommendations of the Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing report. BACKGROUND: The Future of Nursing Campaign for Action is a national initiative to guide implementation of the recommendations in the Future of Nursing report. METHOD: Through statewide meetings, leaders from nursing education and practice adopted a statewide competency model. Regional teams provided detailed regional gap analyses using the Ohio Nurse Competency Model and address the Institute of Medicine's foundational pillar that nurses should achieve higher levels of education...
July 28, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758564/do-medical-residents-perform-patient-centered-medical-home-tasks-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Lauren Block, Nancy LaVine, Jennifer Verbsky, Ankita Sagar, Miriam A Smith, Susan Lane, Joseph Conigliaro, Saima A Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, residents are being trained in Patient-centered Medical Home (PCMH) settings. A set of PCMH entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for residents has been defined but not evaluated in practice. OBJECTIVE: To understand whether residents trained at PCMH sites reported higher likelihood of engaging in PCMH tasks than those training in non-PCMH sites. DESIGN: Survey and nominal group data from post-graduate trainees at three residency programs...
2017: Medical Education Online
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