keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hip size increase in women

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092086/total-hip-bone-area-affects-fracture-prediction-with-frax%C3%A2-in-canadian-white-women
#1
William D Leslie, Lisa M Lix, Sumit R Majumdar, Suzanne N Morin, Helena Johansson, Anders Odén, Eugene V McCloskey, John A Kanis
Context: Areal bone mineral density (BMD) measurements are confounded by skeletal size. Hip BMD is an input to the FRAX® tool (Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom), but it is unknown whether performance is affected by hip area. Objective: To examine whether fracture prediction by FRAX® is affected by hip area. Design and Setting: Cohort study using a population-based BMD registry. Patients: A total of 58,108 white women aged ≥40 years...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076674/obesity-fat-topography-and-risk-of-carcinoma-breast
#2
Ayesha Khan, Kashif Rafique, Umer Farooq, Khalid Khan
BACKGROUND: Carcinoma breast is most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer related deaths in women, with a multifactorial aetiology. This case control study was aimed at studying the possible link of body fat with the pathogenesis of carcinoma breast. METHODS: A case control study extending over a period of two years (2015-2016) was conducted in which the body size and shape of 56 carcinoma breast cases was studied against 168 controls who had no breast disease...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059376/association-of-body-size-metrics-with-left-atrial-phasic-volumes-and-reservoir-function-in-the-elderly
#3
Aylin Tugcu, Cesare Russo, Zhezhen Jin, Shunichi Homma, Koki Nakanishi, Mitchell S V Elkind, Tatjana Rundek, Ralph L Sacco, Marco R Di Tullio
Aims: General obesity, defined by increased body mass index (BMI), is associated with left atrial (LA) enlargement, a marker of cardiovascular risk in the general population. The association between abdominal adiposity, defined by increased waist circumference (WC) or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and LA phasic volumes and reservoir function is not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between different body size metrics and LA phasic volumes and reservoir function in the elderly...
October 20, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049519/association-of-bone-mineral-density-with-the-risk-of-intracranial-aneurysm
#4
Yong-Won Shin, Kyung-Il Park, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh, Keun-Hwa Jung
Importance: Disruption of extracellular matrix integrity is critically involved in both intracranial aneurysm and bone fragility. Furthermore, both intracranial aneurysm and osteoporosis have a female predominance, and sex hormones are considered to affect this discrepancy. Objective: To evaluate the association between bone mineral density and intracranial aneurysm. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted with 14 328 patients who underwent brain magnetic resonance angiography and bone mineral densitometry as a part of a health examination at a specialized center for comprehensive health examination in Seoul, the largest metropolitan area in the Republic of Korea, between December 2004 and November 2015...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989873/effect-of-metformin-sustained-release-therapy-on-low-density-lipoprotein-size-and-adiponectin-in-the-south-indian-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
D Rama Nagendra Kumar, Krishna G Seshadri, Monna Pandurangi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to compare surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, such as adiponectin (APN) levels and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size, before and after sustained release metformin (Met-SR) therapy in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Sixty women with PCOS and sixty age-matched controls in the age group 18-45 years were recruited after obtaining informed consent. Women with PCOS were initiated on Met-SR 1 g orally, which was increased to 1...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983383/the-incidence-of-hip-fractures-in-long-term-care-homes-in-saskatchewan-from-2008-to-2012-an-analysis-of-provincial-administrative-databases
#6
Lilian U Thorpe, Susan J Whiting, Wenbin Li, William Dust, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Gary Teare
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures (HFs) represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality among adults in long-term care (LTC), but lack of detailed epidemiological data poses challenges to intervention planning. We aimed to determine the incidence of HFs among permanent LTC residents in Saskatchewan between 2008 and 2012, using linked, provincial administrative health databases, exploring associations between outcomes and basic individual and institutional characteristics. METHODS: We utilized the Ministry of Health databases to select HF cases based on ICD 10 diagnoses fracture of head and neck of femur, pertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture of femur...
September 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916573/abdominal-obesity-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#7
REVIEW
Omid Sadeghi, Parvaneh Saneei, Morteza Nasiri, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
Data on the association between general obesity and hip fracture were summarized in a 2013 meta-analysis; however, to our knowledge, no study has examined the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of hip fracture. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies was undertaken to summarize the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of hip fracture. We searched online databases for relevant publications up to February 2017, using relevant keywords. In total, 14 studies were included in the systematic review and 9 studies, with a total sample size of 295,674 individuals (129,964 men and 165,703 women), were included in the meta-analysis...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912152/distinct-effects-of-body-mass-index-and-waist-hip-ratio-on-risk-of-breast-cancer-by-joint-estrogen-and-progestogen-receptor-status-results-from-a-case-control-study-in-northern-and-eastern-china-and-implications-for-chemoprevention
#8
Fei Wang, Liyuan Liu, Shude Cui, Fuguo Tian, Zhimin Fan, Cuizhi Geng, Xuchen Cao, Zhenlin Yang, Xiang Wang, Hong Liang, Shu Wang, Hongchuan Jiang, Xuening Duan, Haibo Wang, Guolou Li, Qitang Wang, Jianguo Zhang, Feng Jin, Jinhai Tang, Liang Li, Shiguang Zhu, Wenshu Zuo, Zhongbing Ma, Fei Zhou, Lixiang Yu, Yujuan Xiang, Liang Li, Shuohao Shen, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a consideration in the pharmacologic intervention for estrogen receptor (ER) positive (ER+) breast cancer risk. Body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) have demonstrated different effects on breast cancer risk in relation to estrogen receptor (ER) status, but the results have been inconsistent. Furthermore, the situation in Chinese women remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study including 1,439 breast cancer cases in Northern and Eastern China...
September 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812206/differences-in-femoral-neck-structure-between-elderly-caucasian-and-chinese-populations-a-cross-sectional-study-of-perth-beijing-cohorts
#9
L Wang, B C C Khoo, X G Cheng, K Brown, J R Lewis, Y B Su, Z Guo, K Li, R L Prince
Structural skeletal differences of the femoral neck of older Beijing-Chinese and Perth-Caucasian women were compared; adjusting for frame size-related differences, Beijing-Chinese have lower periosteal width; however, indices of internal bone distribution suggest that Beijing-Chinese may exhibit increased resistance to fracture that may relate to the reduced hip fracture incidence. INTRODUCTION: Ethnic differences in skeletal structure may relate to differences in hip fracture risk in Chinese and Caucasian populations...
August 15, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809634/-wear-and-roughness-of-bearing-surface-in-retrieved-polyethylene-bicon-plus-cups
#10
M Ranuša, J Gallo, M Hobza, M Vrbka, D Nečas, M Hartl
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY By 7th December 2016, 4,755 Bicon-Plus cups in total were implanted in the Czech Republic. Some of them have been continuously re-operated, while the most frequent reason of failure is polyethylene wear and aseptic loosening. The present study is focused on surface analysis of retrieved polyethylene Bicon-Plus cups and the determination of the roughness of their bearing surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we had 13 high molecular weight polyethylene cups with the average time in situ of 8...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648836/cortical-and-trabecular-bone-analysis-of-patients-with-high-bone-mass-from-the-barcelona-osteoporosis-cohort-using-3-dimensional-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-a-case-control-study
#11
Guillermina Orduna, Ludovic Humbert, Roger Fonolla, Jordi Romera, M Lourdes Cos, Aboro Rial, Xavier Nogués, Adolfo Diez-Perez, Leonardo Mellibovsky
High bone mass (HBM), a rare phenotype, can be detected by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning. Measurements with peripheral quantitative computed tomography at the tibia have found increased trabecular bone mineral density and changes in cortical bone density and structure, all of which lead to increased bone strength. However, no studies on cortical and trabecular bone have been performed at the femur. The recently developed 3-dimensional (3D)-DXA software algorithm quantifies the trabecular and cortical volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and the anatomical distribution of cortical thickness using routine hip DXA scans...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561274/statistical-shape-modelling-of-hip-and-lumbar-spine-morphology-and-their-relationship-in-the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#12
Anastasia V Pavlova, Fiona R Saunders, Stella G Muthuri, Jennifer S Gregory, Rebecca J Barr, Kathryn R Martin, Rebecca J Hardy, Rachel Cooper, Judith E Adams, Diana Kuh, Richard M Aspden
The anatomical shape of bones and joints is important for their proper function but quantifying this, and detecting pathological variations, is difficult to do. Numerical descriptions would also enable correlations between joint shapes to be explored. Statistical shape modelling (SSM) is a method of image analysis employing pattern recognition statistics to describe and quantify such shapes from images; it uses principal components analysis to generate modes of variation describing each image in terms of a set of numerical scores after removing global size variation...
August 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516070/bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-with-or-without-breast-arterial-calcification
#13
Atoosa Adibi, Farnaz Rabani, Silva Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: Identification of osteoporosis in women in order to prevent its related morbidity and mortality is considered a priority. Routine mammography is performed on all menopausal women as a screening tool. Determination of the relation between breast arterial calcification (BAC) on mammography and the bone density of this high-risk population could help us to determine those with osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the mentioned probable relation between BAC and osteoporosis...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504054/exploring-the-challenges-in-obtaining-physical-activity-data-from-women-using-hip-worn-accelerometers
#14
Wendy J O'Brien, Sarah P Shultz, Ridvan T Firestone, Lily George, Bernhard H Breier, Rozanne Kruger
Quality objective physical activity data are required to inform physical activity-based health improvement initiatives, however, various challenges undermine acquisition of such data. We examined the efficacy and challenges of a hip-worn accelerometry protocol in women. Specific objectives included determining accelerometer-wear-compliance rates and understanding the barriers and acceptability of wearing accelerometers. Healthy New Zealand women (n = 406) of three ethnicities (Māori (indigenous New Zealander), Pacific, European) aged 16-45 years (30...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395391/dual-mobility-acetabular-cups-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-at-high-risk-for-dislocation
#15
Steven F Harwin, Jaydev B Mistry, Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Chukwuweike Gwam, Jared M Newman, Carlos A Higuera, Peter M Bonutti, Arthur L Malkani, Frank R Kolisek, Ronald E Delanois, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative dislocation occurs in approximately 2% of primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs). Risk factors associated with dislocation include: age of 70 years or older, body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or greater, alcohol abuse, and neuro-degenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease. As a result, dual-mobility articulations, which have been typically used for revision procedures, have become an increasingly popular option for these "at risk" primary THAs...
April 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346858/circulating-soluble-il-6-receptor-concentration-and-visceral-adipocyte-size-are-related-to-insulin-resistance-in-taiwanese-adults-with-morbid-obesity
#16
Feng-Chih Kuo, Ya-Hsien Huang, Fu-Huang Lin, Yi-Jen Hung, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chieh-Hua Lu, Sheng-Chiang Su, Chia-Luen Huang, Chien-Hsing Lee, Nain-Feng Chu
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is related to chronic inflammation and many metabolic complications. Interleukin (IL)-6 plays a pivotal pathophysiological role in obesity, and IL-6 trans-signaling through the soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) has a major proinflammatory effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between sIL-6R, adipocyte size, and insulin resistance in morbidly obese individuals. METHODS: We measured concentrations of sIL-6R, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and lipid parameters and estimated homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) before the patients underwent bariatric surgery...
May 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329045/extensive-type-ii-muscle-fiber-atrophy-in-elderly-female-hip-fracture-patients
#17
Irene Fleur Kramer, Tim Snijders, Joey S J Smeets, Marika Leenders, Janneau van Kranenburg, Marcel den Hoed, Lex B Verdijk, Martijn Poeze, Luc J C van Loon
Background: Sarcopenia, or the loss of muscle mass and strength, is known to increase the risk for falls and (hip) fractures in older people. The objective of this study was to assess the skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in elderly female hip fracture patients. Method: Percutaneous needle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis muscle in 15 healthy young women (20 ± 0.4 years), 15 healthy elderly women (79 ± 1.7 years), and 15 elderly women with a fall-related hip fracture (82 ± 1...
October 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277823/the-impact-of-virgin-coconut-oil-and-high-oleic-safflower-oil-on-body-composition-lipids-and-inflammatory-markers-in-postmenopausal-women
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Margaret Harris, Andrea Hutchins, Lisa Fryda
This randomized crossover study compared the impact of virgin coconut oil (VCO) to safflower oil (SO) on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Twelve postmenopausal women (58.8 ± 3.7 year) consumed 30 mL VCO or SO for 28 days, with a 28-day washout. Anthropometrics included body weight and hip and waist circumference. Fat percent for total body, android and gynoid, fat mass, and lean mass were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Women maintained their typical diet recording 28 days of food records during the study...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267356/ct-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-muscle-size-and-attenuation-help-predict-mortality
#19
Robert D Boutin, Sara Bamrungchart, Cyrus P Bateni, Daniel P Beavers, Kristen M Beavers, John P Meehan, Leon Lenchik
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the association between muscle cross-sectional area and attenuation, as measured on routine CT scans, and mortality in older patients with hip fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective 10-year study of patients with hip fracture was conducted with the following inclusion criteria: age 65 years or older, first-time hip fracture treated with surgery, and CT of the chest, abdomen, or pelvis. This yielded 274 patients (70...
June 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257620/the-effectiveness-of-combined-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-postmenopausal-bone-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Renqing Zhao, Mengyi Zhang, Qi Zhang
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background It remains unclear whether exercise combining different types of physical activities (combined exercise interventions) would effectively preserve postmenopausal women's bone mineral density (BMD) at different sites. Objective To examine the impact of combined exercise interventions on lumbar spine, femoral neck, total hip, and total body BMD in postmenopausal women. Methods An electronic database search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science up to January 1, 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
keyword
keyword
87351
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"