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hip size increase in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658324/prediagnostic-body-size-and-risk-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-death-in-10-studies
#1
Éilis J O'Reilly, Molin Wang, Hans-Olov Adami, Alvaro Alonso, Leslie Bernstein, Piet van den Brandt, Julie Buring, Sarah Daugherty, Dennis Deapen, D Michal Freedman, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles, Niclas Håkansson, Tobias Kurth, Catherine Schairer, Elisabete Weiderpass, Alicja Wolk, Stephanie A Smith-Warner
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Using pooled multivariable-adjusted rate ratios (RR), we explored relationships between prediagnostic body-mass-index (BMI), waist-to-hip-ratio (WHR), and weight-gain during adulthood, and ALS in 419,894 women and 148,166 men from 10 community-based cohorts in USA, Europe, and Australia; 428 ALS deaths were documented in women and 204 in men. RESULTS: Higher mid-to-later adulthood BMI was associated with lower ALS mortality. For 5 kg/m2 increased BMI, the rate was 15% lower (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4-24%; p = 0...
April 16, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642719/impact-of-pharmacist-physician-collaboration-on-osteoporosis-treatment-rates
#2
Brandi L Bowers, Amy M Drew, Christian Verry
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of women at high risk for osteoporotic fractures are not treated, despite known significant clinical and economic consequences of this prevalent condition. To date, this is the first study of this size and duration to examine the role of pharmacists in management of osteoporosis in a family medicine clinic. OBJECTIVE: To compare the initiation or continuation of prescription antifracture therapy in high-risk patients with collaborative pharmacist-physician to physician-only management; secondarily, to evaluate recommendation rates for antifracture therapy and calcium and vitamin D...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588579/resistance-training-induced-gains-in-muscle-strength-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-are-attenuated-in-elderly-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#3
Alessandro de Oliveira Silva, Maurílio Tiradentes Dutra, Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Silvana Schwerz Funghetto, Darlan Lopes de Farias, Paulo Henrique Fernandes Dos Santos, Denis Cesar Leite Vieira, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, Vânia Silva Macedo Orsano, Brad J Schoenfeld, Jonato Prestes
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training (RT) on body composition, muscle strength, and functional capacity in elderly women with and without sarcopenic obesity (SO). Methods: A total of 49 women (aged ≥60 years) were divided in two groups: without SO (non-SO, n=41) and with SO (n=8). Both groups performed a periodized RT program consisting of two weekly sessions for 16 weeks. All measures were assessed at baseline and postintervention, including anthropometry and body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), muscle strength (one repetition maximum) for chest press and 45° leg press, and functional capacity (stand up, elbow flexion, timed "up and go")...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508039/bone-mineral-density-averaged-over-a-region-of-interest-on-femur-is-affected-by-age-related-change-of-bone-geometry
#4
Y Luo
Femur expansion occurs during normal aging in both men and women. Average bone mineral density (BMD) over a region of interest (ROI) on the femur may considerably decrease with age even in healthy people, and therefore, it is inaccurate if used to monitor treatment-induced bone change. INTRODUCTION: Areal bone mineral density (BMD), averaged over a region of interest (ROI) on the femur, is widely used in the diagnosis of osteoporosis, assessment of fracture risk, and monitoring of treatment effectiveness...
March 5, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354616/the-effect-of-foeniculum-vulgare-fennel-on-body-composition-in-postmenopausal-women-with-excess-weight-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Nafiseh Saghafi, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Masoudeh Babakhanian, Maliheh Afiat
Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of fennel on body composition. Methods: This study is a secondary analysis of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty-four out of 60 patients were able to successfully complete the original study. Seven out of 54 patients were excluded because they were not overweight and obese. Thus, 47 women were included in this secondary analysis. Of these 47 women, 22 were in the fennel group and 25 were in placebo group...
December 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281126/effects-of-gastric-bypass-surgery-on-bone-mass-and-microarchitecture-occur-early-and-particularly-impact-postmenopausal-women
#6
Anne L Schafer, Galateia J Kazakia, Eric Vittinghoff, Lygia Stewart, Stanley J Rogers, Tiffany Y Kim, Jonathan T Carter, Andrew M Posselt, Courtney Pasco, Dolores M Shoback, Dennis M Black
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is a highly effective treatment for obesity but negatively affects the skeleton. Studies of skeletal effects have generally examined areal bone mineral density (BMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), but DXA may be inaccurate in the setting of marked weight loss. Further, as a result of modestly sized samples of mostly premenopausal women and very few men, effects of RYGB by sex and menopausal status are unknown. We prospectively studied the effects of RYGB on skeletal health, including axial and appendicular volumetric BMD and appendicular bone microarchitecture and estimated strength...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171773/fitness-attenuates-the-prevalence-of-increased-coronary-artery-calcium-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Elin Ekblom-Bak, Örjan Ekblom, Erika Fagman, Oskar Angerås, Caroline Schmidt, Annika Rosengren, Mats Börjesson, Göran Bergström
Background The association between cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity and coronary artery calcium (CAC) is unclear, and whether higher levels of fitness attenuate CAC prevalence in subjects with metabolic syndrome is not fully elucidated. The present study aims to: a) investigate the independent association of fitness on the prevalence of CAC, after adjustment for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary time, and b) study the possible attenuation of increased CAC by higher fitness, in participants with metabolic syndrome...
February 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092086/total-hip-bone-area-affects-fracture-prediction-with-frax%C3%A2-in-canadian-white-women
#8
William D Leslie, Lisa M Lix, Sumit R Majumdar, Suzanne N Morin, Helena Johansson, Anders Odén, Eugene V McCloskey, John A Kanis
Context: Areal bone mineral density (BMD) measurements are confounded by skeletal size. Hip BMD is an input to the FRAX® tool (Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom), but it is unknown whether performance is affected by hip area. Objective: To examine whether fracture prediction by FRAX® is affected by hip area. Design and Setting: Cohort study using a population-based BMD registry. Patients: A total of 58,108 white women aged ≥40 years...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076674/obesity-fat-topography-and-risk-of-carcinoma-breast
#9
Ayesha Khan, Kashif Rafique, Umer Farooq, Khalid Khan
BACKGROUND: Carcinoma breast is most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer related deaths in women, with a multifactorial aetiology. This case control study was aimed at studying the possible link of body fat with the pathogenesis of carcinoma breast. METHODS: A case control study extending over a period of two years (2015-2016) was conducted in which the body size and shape of 56 carcinoma breast cases was studied against 168 controls who had no breast disease...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059376/association-of-body-size-metrics-with-left-atrial-phasic-volumes-and-reservoir-function-in-the-elderly
#10
Aylin Tugcu, Cesare Russo, Zhezhen Jin, Shunichi Homma, Koki Nakanishi, Mitchell S V Elkind, Tatjana Rundek, Ralph L Sacco, Marco R Di Tullio
Aims: General obesity, defined by increased body mass index (BMI), is associated with left atrial (LA) enlargement, a marker of cardiovascular risk in the general population. The association between abdominal adiposity, defined by increased waist circumference (WC) or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and LA phasic volumes and reservoir function is not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between different body size metrics and LA phasic volumes and reservoir function in the elderly...
October 20, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049519/association-of-bone-mineral-density-with-the-risk-of-intracranial-aneurysm
#11
Yong-Won Shin, Kyung-Il Park, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh, Keun-Hwa Jung
Importance: Disruption of extracellular matrix integrity is critically involved in both intracranial aneurysm and bone fragility. Furthermore, both intracranial aneurysm and osteoporosis have a female predominance, and sex hormones are considered to affect this discrepancy. Objective: To evaluate the association between bone mineral density and intracranial aneurysm. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted with 14 328 patients who underwent brain magnetic resonance angiography and bone mineral densitometry as a part of a health examination at a specialized center for comprehensive health examination in Seoul, the largest metropolitan area in the Republic of Korea, between December 2004 and November 2015...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989873/effect-of-metformin-sustained-release-therapy-on-low-density-lipoprotein-size-and-adiponectin-in-the-south-indian-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#12
D Rama Nagendra Kumar, Krishna G Seshadri, Monna Pandurangi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to compare surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, such as adiponectin (APN) levels and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size, before and after sustained release metformin (Met-SR) therapy in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Sixty women with PCOS and sixty age-matched controls in the age group 18-45 years were recruited after obtaining informed consent. Women with PCOS were initiated on Met-SR 1 g orally, which was increased to 1...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983383/the-incidence-of-hip-fractures-in-long-term-care-homes-in-saskatchewan-from-2008-to-2012-an-analysis-of-provincial-administrative-databases
#13
Lilian U Thorpe, Susan J Whiting, Wenbin Li, William Dust, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Gary Teare
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures (HFs) represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality among adults in long-term care (LTC), but lack of detailed epidemiological data poses challenges to intervention planning. We aimed to determine the incidence of HFs among permanent LTC residents in Saskatchewan between 2008 and 2012, using linked, provincial administrative health databases, exploring associations between outcomes and basic individual and institutional characteristics. METHODS: We utilized the Ministry of Health databases to select HF cases based on ICD 10 diagnoses fracture of head and neck of femur, pertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture of femur...
September 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916573/abdominal-obesity-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#14
REVIEW
Omid Sadeghi, Parvaneh Saneei, Morteza Nasiri, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
Data on the association between general obesity and hip fracture were summarized in a 2013 meta-analysis; however, to our knowledge, no study has examined the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of hip fracture. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies was undertaken to summarize the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of hip fracture. We searched online databases for relevant publications up to February 2017, using relevant keywords. In total, 14 studies were included in the systematic review and 9 studies, with a total sample size of 295,674 individuals (129,964 men and 165,703 women), were included in the meta-analysis...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912152/distinct-effects-of-body-mass-index-and-waist-hip-ratio-on-risk-of-breast-cancer-by-joint-estrogen-and-progestogen-receptor-status-results-from-a-case-control-study-in-northern-and-eastern-china-and-implications-for-chemoprevention
#15
Fei Wang, Liyuan Liu, Shude Cui, Fuguo Tian, Zhimin Fan, Cuizhi Geng, Xuchen Cao, Zhenlin Yang, Xiang Wang, Hong Liang, Shu Wang, Hongchuan Jiang, Xuening Duan, Haibo Wang, Guolou Li, Qitang Wang, Jianguo Zhang, Feng Jin, Jinhai Tang, Liang Li, Shiguang Zhu, Wenshu Zuo, Zhongbing Ma, Fei Zhou, Lixiang Yu, Yujuan Xiang, Liang Li, Shuohao Shen, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a consideration in the pharmacologic intervention for estrogen receptor (ER) positive (ER+) breast cancer risk. Body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) have demonstrated different effects on breast cancer risk in relation to estrogen receptor (ER) status, but the results have been inconsistent. Furthermore, the situation in Chinese women remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study including 1,439 breast cancer cases in Northern and Eastern China...
September 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812206/differences-in-femoral-neck-structure-between-elderly-caucasian-and-chinese-populations-a-cross-sectional-study-of-perth-beijing-cohorts
#16
L Wang, B C C Khoo, X G Cheng, K Brown, J R Lewis, Y B Su, Z Guo, K Li, R L Prince
Structural skeletal differences of the femoral neck of older Beijing-Chinese and Perth-Caucasian women were compared; adjusting for frame size-related differences, Beijing-Chinese have lower periosteal width; however, indices of internal bone distribution suggest that Beijing-Chinese may exhibit increased resistance to fracture that may relate to the reduced hip fracture incidence. INTRODUCTION: Ethnic differences in skeletal structure may relate to differences in hip fracture risk in Chinese and Caucasian populations...
August 15, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809634/-wear-and-roughness-of-bearing-surface-in-retrieved-polyethylene-bicon-plus-cups
#17
M Ranuša, J Gallo, M Hobza, M Vrbka, D Nečas, M Hartl
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY By 7th December 2016, 4,755 Bicon-Plus cups in total were implanted in the Czech Republic. Some of them have been continuously re-operated, while the most frequent reason of failure is polyethylene wear and aseptic loosening. The present study is focused on surface analysis of retrieved polyethylene Bicon-Plus cups and the determination of the roughness of their bearing surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we had 13 high molecular weight polyethylene cups with the average time in situ of 8...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648836/cortical-and-trabecular-bone-analysis-of-patients-with-high-bone-mass-from-the-barcelona-osteoporosis-cohort-using-3-dimensional-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-a-case-control-study
#18
Guillermina Orduna, Ludovic Humbert, Roger Fonolla, Jordi Romera, M Lourdes Cos, Aboro Rial, Xavier Nogués, Adolfo Diez-Perez, Leonardo Mellibovsky
High bone mass (HBM), a rare phenotype, can be detected by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning. Measurements with peripheral quantitative computed tomography at the tibia have found increased trabecular bone mineral density and changes in cortical bone density and structure, all of which lead to increased bone strength. However, no studies on cortical and trabecular bone have been performed at the femur. The recently developed 3-dimensional (3D)-DXA software algorithm quantifies the trabecular and cortical volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and the anatomical distribution of cortical thickness using routine hip DXA scans...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561274/statistical-shape-modelling-of-hip-and-lumbar-spine-morphology-and-their-relationship-in-the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#19
Anastasia V Pavlova, Fiona R Saunders, Stella G Muthuri, Jennifer S Gregory, Rebecca J Barr, Kathryn R Martin, Rebecca J Hardy, Rachel Cooper, Judith E Adams, Diana Kuh, Richard M Aspden
The anatomical shape of bones and joints is important for their proper function but quantifying this, and detecting pathological variations, is difficult to do. Numerical descriptions would also enable correlations between joint shapes to be explored. Statistical shape modelling (SSM) is a method of image analysis employing pattern recognition statistics to describe and quantify such shapes from images; it uses principal components analysis to generate modes of variation describing each image in terms of a set of numerical scores after removing global size variation...
August 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516070/bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-with-or-without-breast-arterial-calcification
#20
Atoosa Adibi, Farnaz Rabani, Silva Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: Identification of osteoporosis in women in order to prevent its related morbidity and mortality is considered a priority. Routine mammography is performed on all menopausal women as a screening tool. Determination of the relation between breast arterial calcification (BAC) on mammography and the bone density of this high-risk population could help us to determine those with osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the mentioned probable relation between BAC and osteoporosis...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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