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hip size increase in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181712/association-of-body-size-at-birth-and-childhood-growth-with-hip-fractures-in-older-age-an-exploratory-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#1
Tuija M Mikkola, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Clive Osmond, Minna K Salonen, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson
Childhood growth has been linked with bone properties in adulthood while less is known about the contribution of early growth to bone fracture risk. We investigated the association of body size at birth and childhood growth with hip fractures and pharmacotherapy for osteoporosis in older age. Men and women, born full term, from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (n = 8,345) were followed up until the age of 68 to 80 years. Height and weight from birth to 11 years were obtained from health care records and diagnoses of hip fractures and osteoporosis drug purchases from national registers...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171786/a-comparison-of-gluteus-medius-gluteus-minimus-and-tensor-facia-latae-muscle-activation-during-gait-in-post-menopausal-women-with-and-without-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome
#2
Charlotte Ganderton, Tania Pizzari, Tanya Harle, Jill Cook, Adam Semciw
The effect of greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) on gluteus medius (GMed) and minimus (GMin) activation in post-menopausal women is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare segmental muscle activation and variability of the GMed, GMin and tensor fascia latae (TFL) during gait in post-menopausal women with and without GTPS. Intramuscular electrodes were inserted into segments of GMin (x2) and GMed (x3) and a surface electrode placed on TFL. Ten control participants and 8 with GTPS completed six walking trials...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150285/cross-sectional-study-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Paweł Wierzchowski, Tadeusz Dereziński, Arkadiusz Migdalski, Łukasz Woda, Beata Wąsikowska, Grzegorz Jakubowski, Arkadiusz Jawień
BACKGROUND: The incidence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and cardiovascular events in the female population has been on the increase. A: IM: To analyze the risk factors of a cardiovascular event and PAD in women and to assess the usefulness of the ankle-brachial index (ABI). METHODS: Evaluation of selected parameters in a cohort of 365 women living in the same district. The following data were prospectively recorded: weight, height, waist size, hip circumference, smoking, the Intima Media Complex (IMC), ABI value and laboratory results...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138718/preceding-and-subsequent-high-and-low-trauma-fracture-patterns-a-13-year-epidemiological-study-in-females-and-males-in-austria
#4
C Muschitz, R Kocijan, A Baierl, R Dormann, X Feichtinger, J Haschka, M Szivak, G K Muschitz, J Schanda, P Pietschmann, H Resch, H P Dimai
: This study investigated the implication of a preceding high-trauma fracture on subsequent high- and low-trauma fractures at different skeletal sites in postmenopausal women and similarly aged men at an age range of 54 to 70 years. A preceding high-trauma fracture increases the risk of future low-trauma non-vertebral fractures including hip. INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of the skeletal fracture site in conjunction with the severity of a past fracture (high- or low-trauma preceding fracture) and its effect on future fracture risk...
January 30, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121207/do-verbal-and-tactile-cueing-selectively-alter-gluteus-maximus-and-hamstring-recruitment-during-a-supine-bridging-exercise-in-active-females-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
John H Hollman, Tyler A Berling, Ellen O Crum, Kelsie M Miller, Brent T Simmons, James W Youdas
CONTEXT: Hip extension with hamstring- rather than gluteus maximus-dominant recruitment may increase anterior femoracetabular forces and contribute to conditions that cause hip pain. Cueing methods during hip extension exercises may facilitate greater gluteus maximus recruitment. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether specific verbal and tactile cues facilitate gluteus maximus recruitment while inhibiting hamstring recruitment during a bridging exercise. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112868/preoperative-weight-loss-program-targeting-women-with-overweight-and-hypertrophy-of-the-breast-a-pilot-study
#6
N R W Geiker, J Horn, A Astrup
Among women with hypertrophic breasts, the clear majority are overweight or obese. Owing to increased risk of complications, women with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 kg m (-2) are precluded from reduction mammaplasty. The primary aim was to investigate if intensive weight loss could ready women with overweight for breast reduction surgery. Six women, all overweight [BMI 30.9 {28.5; 35.8} kg m (-2) ] with symptomatic hypertrophy of the breast, were included a 12-week weight loss program. All women desired reduction mammaplasty and were motivated for preoperational weight loss...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052103/bmi-and-whr-are-reflected-in-female-facial-shape-and-texture-a-geometric-morphometric-image-analysis
#7
Christine Mayer, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer, Philipp Mitteroecker
Facial markers of body composition are frequently studied in evolutionary psychology and are important in computational and forensic face recognition. We assessed the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with facial shape and texture (color pattern) in a sample of young Middle European women by a combination of geometric morphometrics and image analysis. Faces of women with high BMI had a wider and rounder facial outline relative to the size of the eyes and lips, and relatively lower eyebrows...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865615/association-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Alexis Sokol, Michael D Wirth, Marta Manczuk, Nitin Shivappa, Katarzyna Zatonska, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
Inflammation due to poor diet may contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) was created to characterize diet on a scale from anti- to pro-inflammatory. Our hypothesis was that higher (i.e., more pro-inflammatory) DII scores are associated with an increased prevalence of MetSyn compared to those with lower (i.e., more anti-inflammatory) DII scores. Data from the Polish-Norwegian (PONS) Study were analyzed using logistic and linear regression procedures in SAS (version 9...
November 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858905/the-feasibility-of-two-new-anthropometric-indices-to-identify-hypertension-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ye Chang, Xiaofan Guo, Liang Guo, Zhao Li, Yuan Li, Yingxian Sun
Recently, 2 new anthropometric indices, the A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and Body Roundness Index (BRI), have been developed. Our study was to compare the associations between different anthropometric indices, including ABSI, BRI, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and hypertension in a rural population of northeast China.This cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural areas of northeast China from January 2012 to August 2013 using a multistage, stratified random cluster-sampling scheme...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798042/effectiveness-of-lifestyle-intervention-in-subgroups-of-obese-infertile-women-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-rct
#10
A M van Oers, H Groen, M A Q Mutsaerts, J M Burggraaff, W K H Kuchenbecker, D A M Perquin, C A M Koks, R van Golde, E M Kaaijk, J M Schierbeek, G J E Oosterhuis, F J Broekmans, N E A Vogel, J A Land, B W J Mol, A Hoek
STUDY QUESTION: Do age, ovulatory status, severity of obesity and body fat distribution affect the effectiveness of lifestyle intervention in obese infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not identify a subgroup in which lifestyle intervention increased the healthy live birth rate however it did increase the natural conception rate in anovulatory obese infertile women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Obese women are at increased risk of infertility and are less likely to conceive after infertility treatment...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792683/brief-report-association-of-adipokines-with-bone-mineral-density-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-women
#11
Anjali Sharma, Yifei Ma, Rebecca Scherzer, Amber L Wheeler, Mardge Cohen, Deborah R Gustafson, Sheila M Keating, Michael T Yin, Phyllis C Tien
BACKGROUND: HIV infection is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and alterations in adipokines, which may mediate the relationship between fat and bone. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of adiponectin and leptin with BMD in HIV-infected and uninfected women. METHODS: We measured BMD over 5 years at the lumbar spine, total hip (TH), and femoral neck (FN) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 318 HIV-infected and 122 HIV-uninfected participants of the multicenter Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746495/epidemiology-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-india-and-related-factors
#12
Chandra Prakash Pal, Pulkesh Singh, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Kaushal Kumar Pruthi, Ashok Vij
BACKGROUND: Among the chronic rheumatic diseases, hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent and is a leading cause of pain and disability in most countries worldwide. Its prevalence increases with age and generally affects women more frequently than men. OA is strongly associated with aging and heavy physical occupational activity, a required livelihood for many people living in rural communities in developing countries. Determining region-specific OA prevalence and risk factor profiles will provide important information for planning future cost effective preventive strategies and health care services...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726187/scaling-waist-girth-for-differences-in-body-size-reveals-a-new-improved-index-associated-with-cardiometabolic-risk
#13
A M Nevill, M J Duncan, I M Lahart, G R Sandercock
Our aim was to examine whether a new ratio, waist divided by height(0.5) (WHT.5R), is both independent of stature and a stronger predictor of cardiometabolic risk (CMR) than other anthropometric indices. Subjects (4117 men and 646 women), aged 20-69 years, were assessed for stature (cm), mass (kg), waist, and hip girths (cm) from which body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHTR), and two new indices, a body shape index (ABSI) and WHT.5R, were determined. We used the allometric power law, W = a...
October 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696746/cam-deformity-and-acetabular-dysplasia-as-risk-factors-for-hip-osteoarthritis
#14
Fatemeh Saberi Hosnijeh, Maria E Zuiderwijk, Mathijs Versteeg, Hieronymus T W Smeele, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Rintje Agricola, Edwin H G Oei, Jan H Waarsing, Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra, Joyce B J van Meurs
OBJECTIVE: Cam deformity and acetabular dysplasia have been recognized as relevant risk factors for hip osteoarthritis (OA) in a few prospective studies with limited sample sizes. To date, however, no evidence is available from prospective studies regarding whether the magnitude of these associations differs according to sex, body mass index (BMI), and age. METHODS: Participants in the Rotterdam Study cohort including men and women ages 55 years or older without OA at baseline (n = 4,438) and a mean follow-up of 9...
January 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677027/improvement-of-lower-limb-functioning-in-ambulatory-chronicle-stroke-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-training
#15
Nicolas Perret, Rolf Frischknecht, Stefano Carda, Françoise Sandoz, Aurelien Fauquex, Yannick Charrotton
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a robot assisted motor training program of the lower limbs on locomotor functioning of chronic stroke patients. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: After ethical committee approval, 5 women and 2 men with chronic hemiplegia 2, 20 years after stroke (1 right, 6 left), age 35 and 79, underwent a robot assisted training of their lower limbs twice a week for 6 weeks. During the 30's exercise sessions (leg press and cycling), the participants used an end effector type rehabilitation robot (Lambda Health System plc) and were asked to follow actively the robot-guided movements...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631309/do-cobalt-and-chromium-levels-predict-osteolysis-in-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Lisa Renner, Tom Schmidt-Braekling, Martin Faschingbauer, Friedrich Boettner
INTRODUCTION: Serum metal ions are part of the regular follow-up routine of patients with metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties (MoM-THA). Increased cobalt levels have been suggested to indicate implant failure and corrosion. QUESTIONS: (1) Is there a correlation between the size of the osteolysis measured on a CT scan and metal ion levels? (2) Can metal ion levels predict the presence of osteolysis in MoM-THA? (3) Are cobalt and chromium serum levels or the cobalt-chromium-ratio diagnostic for osteolysis? MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans of patients (n = 75) with a unilateral MoM-THA (Birmingham Hip System, Smith & Nephew, TN, USA) implanted by a single surgeon were reviewed to determine the presence of osteolysis...
December 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533157/effect-of-abaloparatide-vs-placebo-on-new-vertebral-fractures-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paul D Miller, Gary Hattersley, Bente Juel Riis, Gregory C Williams, Edith Lau, Luis Augusto Russo, Peter Alexandersen, Cristiano A F Zerbini, Ming-yi Hu, Alan G Harris, Lorraine A Fitzpatrick, Felicia Cosman, Claus Christiansen
IMPORTANCE: Additional therapies are needed for prevention of osteoporotic fractures. Abaloparatide is a selective activator of the parathyroid hormone type 1 receptor. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of abaloparatide, 80 μg, vs placebo for prevention of new vertebral fracture in postmenopausal women at risk of osteoporotic fracture. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Abaloparatide Comparator Trial In Vertebral Endpoints (ACTIVE) was a phase 3, double-blind, RCT (March 2011-October 2014) at 28 sites in 10 countries...
August 16, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472291/menopause-reproductive-life-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-bone-phenotype-at-age-60-64-years-a-british-birth-cohort
#18
D Kuh, S Muthuri, R Cooper, A Moore, K Mackinnon, C Cooper, J E Adams, R Hardy, K A Ward
CONTEXT: Previous studies of menopausal age and length of reproductive life on bone are limited by retrospective reproductive histories, being cross-sectional, or lacking gold standard bone technologies or information on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate age at menopause, length of reproductive life, and HRT use in relation to volumetric and areal bone mineral density (vBMD, aBMD), bone size, and strength in women aged 60-64 years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467550/novel-anthropometry-based-on-3d-bodyscans-applied-to-a-large-population-based-cohort
#19
Henry Löffler-Wirth, Edith Willscher, Peter Ahnert, Kerstin Wirkner, Christoph Engel, Markus Loeffler, Hans Binder
Three-dimensional (3D) whole body scanners are increasingly used as precise measuring tools for the rapid quantification of anthropometric measures in epidemiological studies. We analyzed 3D whole body scanning data of nearly 10,000 participants of a cohort collected from the adult population of Leipzig, one of the largest cities in Eastern Germany. We present a novel approach for the systematic analysis of this data which aims at identifying distinguishable clusters of body shapes called body types. In the first step, our method aggregates body measures provided by the scanner into meta-measures, each representing one relevant dimension of the body shape...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430175/treatment-for-trochanteric-fracture-of-the-femur-with-short-femoral-nail-a-comparison-between-the-asian-intramedullary-hip-screw-imhs-and-the-conventional-imhs
#20
Hidemi Kawaji, Takuya Uematsu, Ryosuke Oba, Yoshihiko Satake, Naoya Hoshikawa, Shinro Takai
INTRODUCTION: We usually use short femoral nails for the treatment of trochanteric fracture of the femur. In this retrospective study, we investigated and compared the clinical results of the conventional intramedullary hip screw (IMHS) and the Asian IMHS, which is a redesigned version of the former. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 42 patients; 21 treated with the Asian IMHS and 21 were treated with the conventional IMHS. From the clinical records, we retrospectively investigated the patients' age, sex, in-hospital waiting period for operation, operating time, intraoperative blood loss, walking ability before fracture and at discharge, and complication pertaining to the operation...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
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