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hip size increase in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395391/dual-mobility-acetabular-cups-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-at-high-risk-for-dislocation
#1
Steven F Harwin, Jaydev B Mistry, Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Chukwuweike Gwam, Jared M Newman, Carlos A Higuera, Peter M Bonutti, Arthur L Malkani, Frank R Kolisek, Ronald E Delanois, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative dislocation occurs in approximately 2% of primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs). Risk factors associated with dislocation include: age of 70 years or older, body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or greater, alcohol abuse, and neuro-degenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease. As a result, dual-mobility articulations, which have been typically used for revision procedures, have become an increasingly popular option for these "at risk" primary THAs...
April 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346858/circulating-soluble-il-6-receptor-concentration-and-visceral-adipocyte-size-are-related-to-insulin-resistance-in-taiwanese-adults-with-morbid-obesity
#2
Feng-Chih Kuo, Ya-Hsien Huang, Fu-Huang Lin, Yi-Jen Hung, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chieh-Hua Lu, Sheng-Chiang Su, Chia-Luen Huang, Chien-Hsing Lee, Nain-Feng Chu
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is related to chronic inflammation and many metabolic complications. Interleukin (IL)-6 plays a pivotal pathophysiological role in obesity, and IL-6 trans-signaling through the soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) has a major proinflammatory effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between sIL-6R, adipocyte size, and insulin resistance in morbidly obese individuals. METHODS: We measured concentrations of sIL-6R, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and lipid parameters and estimated homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) before the patients underwent bariatric surgery...
May 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329045/extensive-type-ii-muscle-fiber-atrophy-in-elderly-female-hip-fracture-patients
#3
Irene Fleur Kramer, Tim Snijders, Joey S J Smeets, Marika Leenders, Janneau van Kranenburg, Marcel den Hoed, Lex B Verdijk, Martijn Poeze, Luc J C van Loon
Background: Sarcopenia, or the loss of muscle mass and strength, is known to increase the risk for falls and (hip) fractures in older people. The objective of this study was to assess the skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in elderly female hip fracture patients. Method: Percutaneous needle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis muscle in 15 healthy young women (20 ± 0.4 years), 15 healthy elderly women (79 ± 1.7 years), and 15 elderly women with a fall-related hip fracture (82 ± 1...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277823/the-impact-of-virgin-coconut-oil-and-high-oleic-safflower-oil-on-body-composition-lipids-and-inflammatory-markers-in-postmenopausal-women
#4
Margaret Harris, Andrea Hutchins, Lisa Fryda
This randomized crossover study compared the impact of virgin coconut oil (VCO) to safflower oil (SO) on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Twelve postmenopausal women (58.8 ± 3.7 year) consumed 30 mL VCO or SO for 28 days, with a 28-day washout. Anthropometrics included body weight and hip and waist circumference. Fat percent for total body, android and gynoid, fat mass, and lean mass were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Women maintained their typical diet recording 28 days of food records during the study...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267356/ct-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-muscle-size-and-attenuation-help-predict-mortality
#5
Robert D Boutin, Sara Bamrungchart, Cyrus P Bateni, Daniel P Beavers, Kristen M Beavers, John P Meehan, Leon Lenchik
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the association between muscle cross-sectional area and attenuation, as measured on routine CT scans, and mortality in older patients with hip fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective 10-year study of patients with hip fracture was conducted with the following inclusion criteria: age 65 years or older, first-time hip fracture treated with surgery, and CT of the chest, abdomen, or pelvis. This yielded 274 patients (70...
March 7, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257620/the-effectiveness-of-combined-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-postmenopausal-bone-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Renqing Zhao, Mengyi Zhang, Qi Zhang
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background It remains unclear whether exercise combining different types of physical activities (combined exercise interventions) would effectively preserve postmenopausal women's bone mineral density (BMD) at different sites. Objective To examine the impact of combined exercise interventions on lumbar spine, femoral neck, total hip, and total body BMD in postmenopausal women. Methods An electronic database search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science up to January 1, 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181712/association-of-body-size-at-birth-and-childhood-growth-with-hip-fractures-in-older-age-an-exploratory-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#7
Tuija M Mikkola, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Clive Osmond, Minna K Salonen, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson
Childhood growth has been linked with bone properties in adulthood, whereas less is known about the contribution of early growth to bone fracture risk. We investigated the association of body size at birth and childhood growth with hip fractures and pharmacotherapy for osteoporosis in older age. Men and women, born full term, from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (n = 8345) were followed until the age of 68 to 80 years. Height and weight from birth to 11 years were obtained from health care records and diagnoses of hip fractures and osteoporosis drug purchases from national registers...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171786/a-comparison-of-gluteus-medius-gluteus-minimus-and-tensor-facia-latae-muscle-activation-during-gait-in-post-menopausal-women-with-and-without-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome
#8
Charlotte Ganderton, Tania Pizzari, Tanya Harle, Jill Cook, Adam Semciw
The effect of greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) on gluteus medius (GMed) and minimus (GMin) activation in post-menopausal women is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare segmental muscle activation and variability of the GMed, GMin and tensor fascia latae (TFL) during gait in post-menopausal women with and without GTPS. Intramuscular electrodes were inserted into segments of GMin (x2) and GMed (x3) and a surface electrode placed on TFL. Ten control participants and 8 with GTPS completed six walking trials...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150285/cross-sectional-study-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-postmenopausal-women
#9
Paweł Wierzchowski, Tadeusz Dereziński, Arkadiusz Migdalski, Łukasz Woda, Beata Wąsikowska, Grzegorz Jakubowski, Arkadiusz Jawień
BACKGROUND: The incidence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and cardiovascular events in the female population has been on the increase. A: IM: To analyze the risk factors of a cardiovascular event and PAD in women and to assess the usefulness of the ankle-brachial index (ABI). METHODS: Evaluation of selected parameters in a cohort of 365 women living in the same district. The following data were prospectively recorded: weight, height, waist size, hip circumference, smoking, the Intima Media Complex (IMC), ABI value and laboratory results...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138718/preceding-and-subsequent-high-and-low-trauma-fracture-patterns-a-13-year-epidemiological-study-in-females-and-males-in-austria
#10
C Muschitz, R Kocijan, A Baierl, R Dormann, X Feichtinger, J Haschka, M Szivak, G K Muschitz, J Schanda, P Pietschmann, H Resch, H P Dimai
This study investigated the implication of a preceding high-trauma fracture on subsequent high- and low-trauma fractures at different skeletal sites in postmenopausal women and similarly aged men at an age range of 54 to 70 years. A preceding high-trauma fracture increases the risk of future low-trauma non-vertebral fractures including hip. INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of the skeletal fracture site in conjunction with the severity of a past fracture (high- or low-trauma preceding fracture) and its effect on future fracture risk...
January 30, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121207/do-verbal-and-tactile-cueing-selectively-alter-gluteus-maximus-and-hamstring-recruitment-during-a-supine-bridging-exercise-in-active-females-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
John H Hollman, Tyler A Berling, Ellen O Crum, Kelsie M Miller, Brent T Simmons, James W Youdas
CONTEXT: Hip extension with hamstring- rather than gluteus maximus-dominant recruitment may increase anterior femoracetabular forces and contribute to conditions that cause hip pain. Cueing methods during hip extension exercises may facilitate greater gluteus maximus recruitment. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether specific verbal and tactile cues facilitate gluteus maximus recruitment while inhibiting hamstring recruitment during a bridging exercise. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112868/preoperative-weight-loss-program-targeting-women-with-overweight-and-hypertrophy-of-the-breast-a-pilot-study
#12
N R W Geiker, J Horn, A Astrup
Among women with hypertrophic breasts, the clear majority are overweight or obese. Owing to increased risk of complications, women with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 kg m (-2) are precluded from reduction mammaplasty. The primary aim was to investigate if intensive weight loss could ready women with overweight for breast reduction surgery. Six women, all overweight [BMI 30.9 {28.5; 35.8} kg m (-2) ] with symptomatic hypertrophy of the breast, were included a 12-week weight loss program. All women desired reduction mammaplasty and were motivated for preoperational weight loss...
April 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052103/bmi-and-whr-are-reflected-in-female-facial-shape-and-texture-a-geometric-morphometric-image-analysis
#13
Christine Mayer, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer, Philipp Mitteroecker
Facial markers of body composition are frequently studied in evolutionary psychology and are important in computational and forensic face recognition. We assessed the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with facial shape and texture (color pattern) in a sample of young Middle European women by a combination of geometric morphometrics and image analysis. Faces of women with high BMI had a wider and rounder facial outline relative to the size of the eyes and lips, and relatively lower eyebrows...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865615/association-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Alexis Sokol, Michael D Wirth, Marta Manczuk, Nitin Shivappa, Katarzyna Zatonska, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
Inflammation due to poor diet may contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) was created to characterize diet on a scale from anti- to pro-inflammatory. Our hypothesis was that higher (i.e., more pro-inflammatory) DII scores are associated with an increased prevalence of MetSyn compared to those with lower (i.e., more anti-inflammatory) DII scores. Data from the Polish-Norwegian (PONS) Study were analyzed using logistic and linear regression procedures in SAS (version 9...
November 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858905/the-feasibility-of-two-new-anthropometric-indices-to-identify-hypertension-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ye Chang, Xiaofan Guo, Liang Guo, Zhao Li, Yuan Li, Yingxian Sun
Recently, 2 new anthropometric indices, the A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and Body Roundness Index (BRI), have been developed. Our study was to compare the associations between different anthropometric indices, including ABSI, BRI, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and hypertension in a rural population of northeast China.This cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural areas of northeast China from January 2012 to August 2013 using a multistage, stratified random cluster-sampling scheme...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798042/effectiveness-of-lifestyle-intervention-in-subgroups-of-obese-infertile-women-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-rct
#16
A M van Oers, H Groen, M A Q Mutsaerts, J M Burggraaff, W K H Kuchenbecker, D A M Perquin, C A M Koks, R van Golde, E M Kaaijk, J M Schierbeek, G J E Oosterhuis, F J Broekmans, N E A Vogel, J A Land, B W J Mol, A Hoek
STUDY QUESTION: Do age, ovulatory status, severity of obesity and body fat distribution affect the effectiveness of lifestyle intervention in obese infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not identify a subgroup in which lifestyle intervention increased the healthy live birth rate however it did increase the natural conception rate in anovulatory obese infertile women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Obese women are at increased risk of infertility and are less likely to conceive after infertility treatment...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792683/brief-report-association-of-adipokines-with-bone-mineral-density-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-women
#17
Anjali Sharma, Yifei Ma, Rebecca Scherzer, Amber L Wheeler, Mardge Cohen, Deborah R Gustafson, Sheila M Keating, Michael T Yin, Phyllis C Tien
BACKGROUND: HIV infection is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and alterations in adipokines, which may mediate the relationship between fat and bone. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of adiponectin and leptin with BMD in HIV-infected and uninfected women. METHODS: We measured BMD over 5 years at the lumbar spine, total hip (TH), and femoral neck (FN) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 318 HIV-infected and 122 HIV-uninfected participants of the multicenter Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746495/epidemiology-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-india-and-related-factors
#18
Chandra Prakash Pal, Pulkesh Singh, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Kaushal Kumar Pruthi, Ashok Vij
BACKGROUND: Among the chronic rheumatic diseases, hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent and is a leading cause of pain and disability in most countries worldwide. Its prevalence increases with age and generally affects women more frequently than men. OA is strongly associated with aging and heavy physical occupational activity, a required livelihood for many people living in rural communities in developing countries. Determining region-specific OA prevalence and risk factor profiles will provide important information for planning future cost effective preventive strategies and health care services...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726187/scaling-waist-girth-for-differences-in-body-size-reveals-a-new-improved-index-associated-with-cardiometabolic-risk
#19
A M Nevill, M J Duncan, I M Lahart, G R Sandercock
Our aim was to examine whether a new ratio, waist divided by height(0.5) (WHT.5R), is both independent of stature and a stronger predictor of cardiometabolic risk (CMR) than other anthropometric indices. Subjects (4117 men and 646 women), aged 20-69 years, were assessed for stature (cm), mass (kg), waist, and hip girths (cm) from which body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHTR), and two new indices, a body shape index (ABSI) and WHT.5R, were determined. We used the allometric power law, W = a...
October 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696746/cam-deformity-and-acetabular-dysplasia-as-risk-factors-for-hip-osteoarthritis
#20
Fatemeh Saberi Hosnijeh, Maria E Zuiderwijk, Mathijs Versteeg, Hieronymus T W Smeele, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Rintje Agricola, Edwin H G Oei, Jan H Waarsing, Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra, Joyce B J van Meurs
OBJECTIVE: Cam deformity and acetabular dysplasia have been recognized as relevant risk factors for hip osteoarthritis (OA) in a few prospective studies with limited sample sizes. To date, however, no evidence is available from prospective studies regarding whether the magnitude of these associations differs according to sex, body mass index (BMI), and age. METHODS: Participants in the Rotterdam Study cohort including men and women ages 55 years or older without OA at baseline (n = 4,438) and a mean follow-up of 9...
January 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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