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development of large hips in women

Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chandra Prakash Pal, Pulkesh Singh, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Kaushal Kumar Pruthi, Ashok Vij
BACKGROUND: Among the chronic rheumatic diseases, hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent and is a leading cause of pain and disability in most countries worldwide. Its prevalence increases with age and generally affects women more frequently than men. OA is strongly associated with aging and heavy physical occupational activity, a required livelihood for many people living in rural communities in developing countries. Determining region-specific OA prevalence and risk factor profiles will provide important information for planning future cost effective preventive strategies and health care services...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
M Chakhtoura, W D Leslie, M McClung, A M Cheung, G El-Hajj Fuleihan
: We describe our approach to develop FRAX-based osteoporosis treatment guidelines in Lebanon, a country with low-moderate fracture rates. A hybrid assessment algorithm that combines a fixed 10 % intervention threshold until age 70 years, and an age-dependent threshold thereafter, was deemed most suitable. INTRODUCTION: The FRAX risk calculator is used to guide intervention thresholds in several national osteoporosis guidelines. This study aimed to describe the approach in developing FRAX-based osteoporosis treatment guidelines in Lebanon, a country with relatively low fracture rates...
September 20, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
S Popelka, A Sosna, P Vavřík, D Jahoda, V Barták, I Landor
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Total joint replacement is one of the options in surgical treatment of advanced ankle arthritis. It allows the ankle to remain mobile but, unfortunately, it does not provide the same longevity as total knee or hip replacements. Therefore, decisions concerning the kind of treatment are very individual and depend on the clinical status and opinion of each patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 132 total ankle replacements were carried out in the period from 2004 to 2015...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Sebastien Parratte, Matthieu Ollivier, Alexandre Lunebourg, Xavier Flecher, Jean-Noel A Argenson
BACKGROUND: Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) for cup placement has been developed to improve the functional results and to reduce the dislocation rate and wear after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Previously published studies demonstrated radiographic benefits of CAS in terms of implant position, but whether these improvements result in clinically important differences that patients might perceive remains largely unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We hypothesized that THA performed with CAS would improve 10-year patient-reported outcomes measured by validated scoring tools, reduce acetabular polyethylene wear as measured using a validated radiological method, and increase survivorship...
October 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Takahito Suto, Koichi Okamura, Yukio Yonemoto, Chisa Okura, Yoshito Tsushima, Kenji Takagishi
The assessments of joint damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are mainly restricted to small joints in the hands and feet. However, the development of arthritis in RA patients often involves the large joints, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, and ankle. Few studies have been reported regarding the degree of large joint destruction in RA patients. F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) visualizes the disease activity in large joints affected by RA...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Young-Kyun Lee, Yong-Chan Ha, Woo-Lam Jo, Tae-Young Kim, Woon-Hwa Jung, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: Fourth generation (Delta) ceramic bearing was developed to reduce dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) by increasing the head diameter. We tested a hypothesis that 32/36 mm Delta ceramic bearing decreases the dislocation rate. We also evaluated ceramic-related complications and early outcome of this thin liner-on-large head ceramic bearing. METHODS: We performed a prospective study on patients who underwent THA with use of 32/36 mm Delta ceramic bearing...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Mollie McDonnold, Lisa M Mele, Leslie Myatt, John C Hauth, Kenneth J Leveno, Uma M Reddy, Brian M Mercer
Objective In nonpregnant populations the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is a better predictor of obesity-related outcomes than body mass index (BMI). Our objective was to determine, in pregnancy, the relationship between these measures of obesity, and large-for-gestational age (LGA) and cesarean delivery (CD). Methods This is a secondary analysis of data from the Combined Antioxidant and Preeclampsia Prediction Study. Women with a WHR of ≥ 0.85 and 0.80 to 0.84 at 9 to 16 weeks gestation were compared with those with a WHR < 0...
May 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
H C van der Veen, I H F Reininga, W P Zijlstra, M F Boomsma, S K Bulstra, J J A M van Raay
We compared the incidence of pseudotumours after large head metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) with that after conventional metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) THA and assessed the predisposing factors to pseudotumour formation. From a previous randomised controlled trial which compared large head (38 mm to 60 mm) cementless MoM THA with conventional head (28 mm) cementless MoP THA, 93 patients (96 THAs: 41 MoM (21 males, 20 females, mean age of 64 years, standard deviation (sd) 4) and 55 MoP (25 males, 30 females, mean age of 65 years, sd 5) were recruited after a mean follow-up of 50 months (36 to 64)...
November 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Yong-Ki Min, Dong-Yun Lee, Youn-Soo Park, Young-Wan Moon, Seung-Jae Lim, Young-Kyun Lee, DooSeok Choi, Byung-Koo Yoon
BACKGROUND: Recently, a Korean fracture-risk assessment tool (FRAX) model has become available, but large prospective cohort studies, which are needed to validate the model, are still lacking, and there has been little effort to evaluate its usefulness. This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of the FRAX model, a FRAX developed by the World Health Organization, in Korea. METHODS: In 405 postmenopausal women and 139 men with a proximal femoral fracture, 10-year predicted fracture probabilities calculated by the Korean FRAX model (a country-specific model) were compared with the probabilities calculated with a FRAX model for Japan, which has a similar ethnic background (surrogate model)...
August 2015: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Lei Zheng, Wenhua Yan, Yue Kong, Ping Liang, Yiming Mu
Thyroid nodule (TN) and goiter are two common disorders of the thyroid. Despite their benign nature, both conditions are associated with multiple pathologic conditions including thyroiditis, endocrine dysregulation, and autoimmune disease. In this study we conducted a large-scale epidemiological study in Chinese women to identify risk factors implicated in the pathogenesis of TN and goiter. We analyzed demographic data, medical history, menstrual status, smoking, alcohol consumption, body height, weight, waist circumference, and body mass index (BMI)...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Sofia Klingberg, Kirsten Mehlig, Anne Lanfer, Cecilia Björkelund, Berit L Heitmann, Lauren Lissner
OBJECTIVE: Despite solid evidence of an association between centralized body fatness and subsequent disease risk, little is known about the consequences of changes in body fat distribution. Recently it was shown that large hip circumference (HC), measured once, was protective against total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in women but that gain or loss in HC was unrelated to these outcomes. This study examines whether a 6-year change in waist circumference (WC) predicts mortality and CVD in the same study sample...
October 2015: Obesity
Laura Brugnara, Roger Mallol, Josep Ribalta, Maria Vinaixa, Serafín Murillo, Teresa Casserras, Montse Guardiola, Joan Carles Vallvé, Susana G Kalko, Xavier Correig, Anna Novials
Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) present increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study is to improve the assessment of lipoprotein profile in patients with T1D by using a robust developed method 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR), for further correlation with clinical factors associated to CVD. Thirty patients with T1D and 30 non-diabetes control (CT) subjects, matched for gender, age, body composition (DXA, BMI, waist/hip ratio), regular physical activity levels and cardiorespiratory capacity (VO2peak), were analyzed...
2015: PloS One
D Berks, M Hoedjes, A Franx, H J Duvekot, H Raat, E A Steegers
INTRODUCTION: Women with a pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia, intra-uterine growth restriction and/or gestational diabetes are at increased risk of future cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Lifestyle intervention may help these women to effectively lower these risks. OBJECTIVES: To test if offering lifestyle intervention after a complicated pregnancy significantly reduces weight (primary objective) and/or other cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors (secondary objective)...
July 2012: Pregnancy Hypertension
Roland D Chapurlat
Odanacatib is a cathepsin K inhibitor developed for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. It is a bone resorption inhibitor, but which preserves bone formation to some extent. It can be administered once a week, in tablets also containing vitamin D. In a large clinical development program, it has been shown that odanacatib reduces bone resorption, with a reduction of about 60-70% in biochemical markers of resorption, while bone formation decreases to a lesser magnitude. Odanacatib continuously increases bone mineral density (BMD) at the hip and lumbar spine over 5 years...
June 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
Joung-Won Lee, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Tae-Hwa Baek, Sung-Hee Park, Hyun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the most significant risk factors for hypertension. However, there is controversy regarding which measure is the best predictor of hypertension risk. We compared body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in subjects as predictive indicators for development of hypertension. METHODS: The data were obtained from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES), a large population-based prospective cohort study...
2015: BMC Public Health
Lamya Karim, Miranda Van Vliet, Mary L Bouxsein
Although low bone mineral density (BMD) is strongly associated with increased fracture risk, up to 50% of those who suffer fractures are not detected as high-risk patients by BMD testing. Thus, new approaches may improve identification of those at increased risk for fracture by in vivo assessment of altered bone tissue properties, which may contribute to skeletal fragility. Recently developed reference point indentation (RPI) allows for the assessment of cortical bone indentation properties in vivo using devices that apply cyclic loading or impact loading, but there is little information available to assist with the interpretation of RPI measurements...
April 7, 2015: Bone
Elizabeth W Paxton, Maria C S Inacio, Jasvinder A Singh, Rebecca Love, Stefano A Bini, Robert S Namba
BACKGROUND: Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a successful procedure, 4% to 11% of patients who undergo THA are readmitted to the hospital. Prior studies have reported rates and risk factors of THA readmission but have been limited to single-center samples, administrative claims data, or Medicare patients. As a result, hospital readmission risk factors for a large proportion of patients undergoing THA are not fully understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the incidence of hospital readmissions after primary THA and the reasons for readmission? (2) What are the risk factors for hospital readmissions in a large, integrated healthcare system using current perioperative care protocols? METHODS: The Kaiser Permanente (KP) Total Joint Replacement Registry (TJRR) was used to identify all patients with primary unilateral THAs registered between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2011...
November 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Marlieke A de Wilde, Angelique J Goverde, Susanne M Veltman-Verhulst, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Arie Franx, Bart C J M Fauser, Maria P H Koster
STUDY QUESTION: How does insulin action change during pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who develop gestational diabetes (GDM) compared with women with PCOS who do not? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with PCOS who develop GDM already show disturbed insulin action early in pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Pregnant women with PCOS are at increased risk of developing GDM compared with women without PCOS. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This study represents a post hoc analysis of a subgroup of pregnant women with PCOS participating in a multicentre prospective cohort study...
June 2015: Human Reproduction
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