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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548556/a-physical-education-intervention-effects-on-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-motivation
#1
Stephen E Palmer, Dierdra K Bycura, Meghan Warren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure effects of a modified physical education (PE) unit on leisure time physical activity (LTPA), relative autonomy, and known correlates of LTPA in seventh-grade boys and girls. METHOD: A seventh-grade mountain biking unit was modified to include instructional activities targeting known correlates of PA behavior following principles of Physical Education Dedicated to Physical Activity for Life (PEDAL). A three-group design (intervention, standard PE, no PE) was employed...
May 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547942/evaluation-of-a-skin-self-examination-programme-a-four-stage-recursive-model
#2
David Rowell, Kim Huong Nguyen, Peter Baade, Monika Janda
Background: Effective skin self-examination can enable early diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer, which otherwise could result in significant morbidity and mortality. We compare the effects of watching a DVD and reading printed materials on self skin examination. Methods: Longitudinal data from the Randomized Skin Awareness Trial were analysed (n=984). The control group were provided with written materials describing how to conduct effective skin self-examination. The intervention group received additional instruction from a DVD...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546140/what-to-build-for-middle-agers-to-come-attractive-and-necessary-functions-of-exercise-promotion-mobile-phone-apps-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Gen-Yih Liao, Yu-Tai Chien, Yu-Jen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Hsiung, Hsiao-Jung Chen, Meng-Hua Hsieh, Wen-Jie Wu
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for middle-agers to maintain health both in middle age and in old age. Although thousands of exercise-promotion mobile phone apps are available for download, current literature offers little understanding regarding which design features can enhance middle-aged adults' quality perception toward exercise-promotion apps and which factor may influence such perception. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to understand (1) which design features of exercise-promotion apps can enhance quality perception of middle-agers, (2) whether their needs are matched by current functions offered in app stores, and (3) whether physical activity (PA) and mobile phone self-efficacy (MPSE) influence quality perception...
May 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545222/the-effect-of-education-through-short-message-service-sms-messages-on-diabetic-patients-adherence
#4
Wirawan Adikusuma, Nurul Qiyaam
Poor adherence and a lack of understanding of medication instructions for oral antidiabetic use are key factors that inhibit the control of glycemic levels. The aforementioned situation needs intervention to improve medication adherence and the therapy. This study was conducted with a quasi-experimental design with prospective data collection. The subjects of this study were 50 outpatients with type 2 diabetes melitus (T2DM) who had received oral antidiabetic medicine therapy at least six months prior to adherence measurement...
May 12, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#5
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors following exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise - relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure - on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index: 22...
May 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541081/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-academic-interventions-and-modifications-on-student-behavior-outcomes
#6
Kristy Warmbold-Brann, Matthew K Burns, June L Preast, Crystal N Taylor, Lisa N Aguilar
The current study examined the effect of academic interventions and modifications on behavioral outcomes in a meta-analysis of 32 single-case design studies. Academic interventions included modifying task difficulty, providing instruction in reading, mathematics, or writing, and contingent reinforcement for academic performance. There was an overall small to moderate effect (ϕ = .56) on behavioral outcomes, with a stronger effect on increasing time on task (ϕ = .64) than on decreasing disruptive behavior (ϕ = ...
May 25, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539900/learning-potential-in-narrative-writing-measuring-the-psychometric-properties-of-an-assessment-tool
#7
Léia G Gurgel, Mônica M C de Oliveira, Maria C R A Joly, Caroline T Reppold
Objective: The Computerized and Dynamic Writing Test (TIDE) is designed to examine the learning potential of adolescents in narrative writing. This was a validation study of the TIDE based on its internal structure. Learning potential is responsible for cognitive modifiabilty according to the Theory of Cognitive Structural Modifiability (CSM) developed by Feüerstein. Method: Included 304 participants between 10 and 17 years of age from schools in the South of Brazil. The data collection involved student groups that were divided according to age and school grade...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537791/mental-rotation-of-tactical-instruction-displays-affects-information-processing-demand-and-execution-accuracy-in-basketball
#8
Till Koopmann, Yvonne Steggemann-Weinrich, Jochen Baumeister, Daniel Krause
PURPOSE: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical displays on observation time and execution performance. High affordances in visual-spatial transformation (e.g., mental rotation processes) might impede information processing and might decrease execution performance with regard to the instructed playing patterns...
May 24, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535104/measuring-the-value-of-new-drugs-validity-and-reliability-of-4-value-assessment-frameworks-in-the-oncology-setting
#9
Tanya G K Bentley, Joshua T Cohen, Elena B Elkin, Julie Huynh, Arnab Mukherjea, Thanh H Neville, Matthew Mei, Ronda Copher, Russell Knoth, Ioana Popescu, Jackie Lee, Jenelle M Zambrano, Michael S Broder
BACKGROUND: Several organizations have developed frameworks to systematically assess the value of new drugs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the convergent validity and interrater reliability of 4 value frameworks to understand the extent to which these tools can facilitate value-based treatment decisions in oncology. METHODS: Eight panelists used the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER), and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) frameworks to conduct value assessments of 15 drugs for advanced lung and breast cancers and castration-refractory prostate cancer...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534731/speech-recognition-in-nonnative-versus-native-english-speaking-college-students-in-a-virtual-classroom
#10
Dorothy Neave-DiToro, Adrienne Rubinstein, Arlene C Neuman
BACKGROUND: Limited attention has been given to the effects of classroom acoustics at the college level. Many studies have reported that nonnative speakers of English are more likely to be affected by poor room acoustics than native speakers. An important question is how classroom acoustics affect speech perception of nonnative college students. PURPOSE: The combined effect of noise and reverberation on the speech recognition performance of college students who differ in age of English acquisition was evaluated under conditions simulating classrooms with reverberation times (RTs) close to ANSI recommended RTs...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534685/biotin-interference-with-routine-clinical-immunoassays-understand-the-causes-and-mitigate-the-risks
#11
Shanika Samarasinghe, Farah Meah, Vinita Singh, Arshi Basit, Nicholas Emanuele, Mary Ann Emanuele, Alaleh Mazhari, Earle W Holmes
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this report are to review the mechanisms of biotin interference with streptavidin/biotin-based immunoassays, identify automated immunoassay systems vulnerable to biotin interference, describe how to estimate and minimize the risk of biotin interference in vulnerable assays, and review the literature pertaining to biotin interference in endocrine function tests. METHODS: The data in the manufacturer's "Instructions for Use" for each of the methods utilized by seven immunoassay system were evaluated...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533954/exercise-and-dietary-program-induced-weight-reduction-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-among-obese-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Chun Xie, Xiaochun Wang, Chenglin Zhou, Chang Xu, Yu-Kai Chang
OBJECTIVE: The present study was to determine the effect of a combined exercise and dietary program on cognitive function as well as the relationship between the program-induced weight change and cognitive function alterations. DESIGN: The study applies a quasi-experimental design. METHODS: Fifty-eight adolescents with obese status (body mass index, BMI >28 kg/m(2)) were assigned to either an experiment (n = 30) or control group (n = 28)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533612/should-high-power-posing-be-integrated-in-physical-therapy
#13
Weiqing Ge, Teale K Bennett, Jeremy C Oller
[Purpose] Postural assessment and correction is a common approach in patient management to decrease symptoms and improve function for patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high-power posing on muscle strength and pain threshold. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one subjects, 16 females and 15 males, mean age 28.9 (SD 10.8) years old, were recruited through a convenience sampling on the university campus. The research design was a randomized controlled trial. In the experimental group, the subjects were instructed to stand in a high-power posture...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527552/postoperative-instructions-preoperatively-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-teaching-model-on-patient-satisfaction-regarding-instructions-for-home-care
#14
Jennifer Hovsepian, Cheryl McGah, Claire O'Brien
Patients in the ambulatory setting often receive home care instructions, primarily in the postoperative phase. Patient's retention and understanding of these instructions is one determinant of postoperative outcomes. This article highlights how we designed and implemented a teaching strategy to better prepare patients for discharge from an ambulatory surgical setting. Our methods included developing a day of surgery plan for teaching patients their discharge instructions upon arrival, creating on-line teaching videos, and revising post discharge pain medication instructions...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526485/improving-the-sexual-health-of-young-people-with-mobility-impairments-challenges-and-recommendations
#15
Molly Secor-Turner, Barbara J McMorris, Peter Scal
INTRODUCTION: This mixed-method study (a) describes challenges to providing sexual health services to youth with mobility impairments from the perspective of health care providers and experts and (b) describes and compares sexual health-related experiences of youth with mobility impairments. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of My Path, a study focused on the transition to adulthood for youth with mobility impairments. Using an exploratory sequential design, qualitative data (n = 10) were analyzed using systematic content analysis followed by quantitative analysis of survey data (N = 337)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526477/increasing-intention-to-cook-from-basic-ingredients-a-randomised-controlled-study
#16
Fiona Lavelle, Lynsey Hollywood, Martin Caraher, Laura McGowan, Michelle Spence, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
The promotion of home cooking is a strategy used to improve diet quality and health. However, modern home cooking typically includes the use of processed food which can lead to negative outcomes including weight gain. In addition, interventions to improve cooking skills do not always explain how theory informed their design and implementation. The Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) taxonomy successfully employed in other areas has identified essential elements for interventions. This study investigated the effectiveness of different instructional modes for learning to cook a meal, designed using an accumulating number of BCTs, on participant's perceived difficulty, enjoyment, confidence and intention to cook from basic ingredients...
May 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526022/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-student-preferences-for-vodcast-design-format-and-pedagogical-approach
#17
Robin K Pettit, Marjorie Kinney, Lise McCoy
BACKGROUND: Vodcasts (video podcasts) are becoming increasingly popular in medical education. At A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (ATSU SOMA), vodcasts are an essential component of our blended learning environment, where year 2-4 students train in a contextual setting at community health centers across the U.S. Vodcasts are used far less frequently in our year 1 residential learning environment at the main campus in Arizona, but we are considering moving to significantly more interactive educational experiences with on-demand videos followed by in-class activities...
May 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525796/beneficial-effects-of-training-in-self-distancing-and-perspective-broadening-for-people-with-a-history-of-recurrent-depression
#18
Emma Travers-Hill, Barnaby D Dunn, Laura Hoppitt, Caitlin Hitchcock, Tim Dalgleish
Cognitive training designed to recalibrate maladaptive aspects of cognitive-affective processing associated with the presence of emotional disorder can deliver clinical benefits. This study examined the ability of an integrated training in self-distancing and perspective broadening (SD-PB) with respect to distressing experiences to deliver such benefits in individuals with a history of recurrent depression (≥3 prior episodes), currently in remission. Relative to an overcoming avoidance (OA) control condition, SD-PB: a) reduced distress to upsetting memories and to newly encountered events, both during training when explicitly instructed to apply SD-PB techniques, and after-training in the absence of explicit instructions; b) enhanced capacity to self-distance from and broaden perspectives on participants' experiences; c) reduced residual symptoms of depression...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520913/when-theatre-comes-to-engineering-design-oh-how-creative-they-can-be
#19
Ferris M Pfeiffer, Rachel Bauer, Steve Borgelt, Suzanne Burgoyne, Sheila Grant, Heather Hunt, Jennie Pardoe, David Schmidt
The creative process is fun, complex, and sometimes frustrating, but it is critical to the future of our nation and progress in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, as well as other fields. Thus, we set out to see if implementing methods of active learning typical to the theatre department could impact the creativity of senior capstone design students in the Bioengineering department. Senior Bioengineering capstone design students were allowed to self-select into groups. Prior to the beginning of coursework, all students completed a validated survey measuring engineering design self-efficacy...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515794/influence-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-on-the-urine-ph-in-elderly-female-subjects-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Yuichiro Nishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Megumi Hara, Noriko Hirao, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takuro Tobina, Masaharu Ikeda, Hiroshi Yamato, Masanori Ohta
BACKGROUND: A low urine pH is a characteristic metabolic feature of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week home-based bench step exercise on the urine pH status of elderly female subjects. METHODS: The current study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 59 postmenopausal female subjects were randomized to either the exercise group (n = 29) or the control group (n = 30)...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
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