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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920968/evaluating-the-high-probability-instructional-sequence-to-increase-the-acceptance-of-foods-with-an-adolescent-with-autism
#1
Danielle M Ewry, Mitch J Fryling
This study evaluates the effectiveness of a variation of the high-probability (high-p) sequence involving bites of food as high-p tasks on the acceptance of low-probability (low-p) foods in an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder. After demonstrating the effectiveness of the high-p sequence using a reversal design, the participant's mother implemented the intervention. Intervention effects were partially maintained during 7-month maintenance probes. Implications for research and practice are provided.
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920262/home-exercise-programmes-supported-by-video-and-automated-reminders-compared-with-standard-paper-based-home-exercise-programmes-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Kellie B Emmerson, Katherine E Harding, Nicholas F Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with stroke receiving rehabilitation for upper limb deficits using smart technology (video and reminder functions) demonstrate greater adherence to prescribed home exercise programmes and better functional outcomes when compared with traditional paper-based exercise prescription. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial comparing upper limb home exercise programmes supported by video and automated reminders on smart technology, with standard paper-based home exercise programmes...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919864/taxonomy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-knee-conditions-trak-a-digital-intervention-to-support-the-self-care-components-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#3
Emma Dunphy, Fiona L Hamilton, Kate Button
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is common, especially in the active population. In defining the problem of ACL rehabilitation, this study draws from the knowledge that improved self-care, strength, and fitness are associated with better outcomes. Traditional rehabilitation involves regular physiotherapy, but it is not clear what the optimal way for delivering rehabilitation is, and it varies widely across the world. Evidence for treatments are discussed in the literature, however standard length of rehabilitation and frequency of appointments are unknown...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919206/differences-and-similarities-in-therapeutic-mode-use-between-occupational-therapists-and-occupational-therapy-students-in-norway
#4
Tove Carstensen, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The Intentional Relationship Model (IRM) is a new model of the therapeutic relationship in occupational therapy practice. Two previous studies have focused on therapist communication style, or 'mode' use, but to date no group comparisons have been reported. AIM: To explore differences between occupational therapists and occupational therapy students with regard to their therapeutic mode use. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design, and convenience samples consisting of occupational therapists (n = 109) and of second-year occupational therapy students (n = 96) were recruited...
December 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917092/colorectal-cancer-screening-navigation-for-the-underserved-experience-of-an-urban-program
#5
Alicia Lamanna, Heather Sheaffer, Carmen Guerra, Michael Kochman
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Although colorectal cancer screenings are effective and recommended by all clinical practice guidelines, only 65.7% of adults ages 50 to 75 years are screened. Colorectal cancer screening is disproportionately underutilized in inner city populations. In 2011, the University of Pennsylvania Health System created a navigation program to specifically address poor colorectal cancer screening rates and increase access to colorectal cancer screening colonoscopies for patients in the underserved areas of West, South, and Southwest Philadelphia...
September 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911035/content-validity-of-the-credibility-and-expectancy-questionnaire-in-a-pain-rehabilitation-setting
#6
Vera-Christina Mertens, Albine Moser, Jeanine Verbunt, Rob Smeets, Mariëlle Goossens
: Content validity, the proper reflection of the concept to be measured, is yet unknown for the Credibility and Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ). It is frequently used in pain rehabilitation because treatment expectancy is influential on the outcome. OBJECTIVE: To test and improve the content validity of the CEQ in a sample of patients with chronic pain in different phases of their treatment. METHODS: A qualitative observational study design using the Three-Step Test-Interview method was used...
December 2, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#7
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909027/perceived-challenges-in-primary-literature-in-a-master-s-class-effects-of-experience-and-instruction
#8
Richard Lie, Christopher Abdullah, Wenliang He, Ella Tour
Primary literature offers rich opportunities to teach students how to "think like a scientist," but the challenges students face when they attempt to read research articles are not well understood. Here, we present an analysis of what master's students perceive as the most challenging aspects of engaging with primary literature. We examined 69 pairs of pre- and postcourse responses from students enrolled in a master's-level course that offered a structured analysis of primary literature. On the basis of these responses, we identified six categories of challenges...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909019/collaborative-learning-in-higher-education-evoking-positive-interdependence
#9
Karin Scager, Johannes Boonstra, Ton Peeters, Jonne Vulperhorst, Fred Wiegant
Collaborative learning is a widely used instructional method, but the learning potential of this instructional method is often underused in practice. Therefore, the importance of various factors underlying effective collaborative learning should be determined. In the current study, five different life sciences undergraduate courses with successful collaborative-learning results were selected. This study focuses on factors that increased the effectiveness of collaboration in these courses, according to the students...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909018/does-the-room-matter-active-learning-in-traditional-and-enhanced-lecture-spaces
#10
Jon R Stoltzfus, Julie Libarkin
SCALE-UP-type classrooms, originating with the Student-Centered Active Learning Environment with Upside-down Pedagogies project, are designed to facilitate active learning by maximizing opportunities for interactions between students and embedding technology in the classroom. Positive impacts when active learning replaces lecture are well documented, both in traditional lecture halls and SCALE-UP-type classrooms. However, few studies have carefully analyzed student outcomes when comparable active learning-based instruction takes place in a traditional lecture hall and a SCALE-UP-type classroom...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900775/pilot-testing-of-a-novel-surgical-simulator-for-endoscopic-zenker-s-diverticulotomy
#11
Nathan D Wiebracht, John P Giliberto, Charles Myer, Keith Casper, Kaalan E Johnson
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Restrictions on resident work hours and the increasing purview of otolaryngology reduce the efficacy of the traditional surgical training model. With limited case volumes at many institutions and the unique instrumentation of endoscopic Zenker's diverticulotomy (EZD), simulation may be useful to improve training. In this study, a novel surgical simulator for EZD is developed and validated. STUDY DESIGN: Simulation model development. METHODS: An EZD model was designed using an intubation trainer and disposable diverticulum inserts...
November 30, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899837/the-use-of-animated-videos-to-illustrate-oral-solid-dosage-form-manufacturing-in-a-pharmaceutics-course
#12
Venkata Kashyap Yellepeddi, Charles Roberson
Objective. To evaluate the impact of animated videos of oral solid dosage form manufacturing as visual instructional aids on pharmacy students' perception and learning. Design. Data were obtained using a validated, paper-based survey instrument designed to evaluate the effectiveness, appeal, and efficiency of the animated videos in a pharmaceutics course offered in spring 2014 and 2015. Basic demographic data were also collected and analyzed. Assessment data at the end of pharmaceutics course was collected for 2013 and compared with assessment data from 2014, and 2015...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899832/development-and-application-of-a-stepwise-assessment-process-for-rational-redesign-of-sequential-skills-based-courses
#13
Casey E Gallimore, Andrea L Porter, Susanne G Barnett
Objective. To develop and apply a stepwise process to assess achievement of course learning objectives related to advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) preparedness and inform redesign of sequential skills-based courses. Design. Four steps comprised the assessment and redesign process: (1) identify skills critical for APPE preparedness; (2) utilize focus groups and course evaluations to determine student competence in skill performance; (3) apply course mapping to identify course deficits contributing to suboptimal skill performance; and (4) initiate course redesign to target exposed deficits...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896914/an-innovative-textbook-design-and-implementation
#14
Rafael Ortega, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Paul Barash, Sam Sharar, M Christine Stock
BACKGROUND: The 'flipped classroom' instructional strategy has gained much momentum in educational discourse, yet no single educational offering exists in postgraduate medical education (PME) to systematically replace the lecture element of didactic sessions. This article describes the design and implementation of Clinical Anesthesia Fundamentals, the first known textbook in PME addressing this gap in resources through the integration of full-length interactive multimedia-enhanced video lectures...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896644/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-child-development-a-randomized-trial-of-el-sistema-in-venezuela
#15
Xiomara Alemán, Suzanne Duryea, Nancy G Guerra, Patrick J McEwan, Rodrigo Muñoz, Marco Stampini, Ariel A Williamson
: Many studies have explored the links between music and children's outcomes; however, study designs have not been sufficiently rigorous to support causal findings. This study aims to assess the effects of a large-scale music program on children's developmental functioning in the context of high rates of exposure to violence. The paper describes the results of an experimental evaluation of Venezuela's National System of Youth and Children's Orchestras. The curriculum of the program, better known as "El Sistema," emphasizes social interactions through group instruction and group performances...
November 28, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895005/qualitative-analysis-of-cognitive-interviews-with-school-children-a-web-based-food-intake-questionnaire
#16
Vanessa Fernandes Davies, Emil Kupek, Patricia Faria Di Pietro, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Francilene Gk Vieira, Clarice Perucchi, Rafaella Mafra, Debbe Thompson, Thomas Baranowski
BACKGROUND: The use of computers to administer dietary assessment questionnaires has shown potential, particularly due to the variety of interactive features that can attract and sustain children's attention. Cognitive interviews can help researchers to gain insights into how children understand and elaborate their response processes in this type of questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: To present the cognitive interview results of children who answered the WebCAAFE, a Web-based questionnaire, to obtain an in-depth understanding of children's response processes...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894249/brief-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-video-and-simulation-with-homemade-mannequin-improves-cpr-skills
#17
Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H Greene
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt)...
November 29, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893567/determining-whether-a-dosage-specific-and-individualized-home-exercise-program-with-consults-reduces-fall-risk-and-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-difficulty-walking-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Estelle Gallo, Maria Stelmach, Fernanda Frigeri, Dong-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development and implementation of effective interventions to prevent falls in older adults is a public health priority. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a new practice model, incorporating Shubert's evidence-based fall prevention recommendations, with the usual ambulatory physical therapy (PT) at Rusk Rehabilitation, to decrease fall risk among older adults living in the community. The hypotheses were (1) the proposed program would decrease participants' fall risk, (2) it would be more effective than our usual PT, and (3) the addition of 4 consults after discharge would improve compliance with a home exercise program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893196/guiding-hmsc-adhesion-and-differentiation-on-supported-lipid-bilayers
#19
Gülistan Koçer, Pascal Jonkheijm
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are intensively investigated for regenerative medicine applications due to their ease of isolation and multilineage differentiation capacity. Hence, designing instructive microenvironments to guide MSC behavior is important for the generation of smart interfaces to enhance biomaterial performance in guiding desired tissue formation. Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) as cell membrane mimetics can be employed as biological interfaces with easily tunable characteristics such as biospecificity, mobility, and density of predesigned ligand molecules...
November 28, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890048/cultural-hegemony-educators-perspectives-on-facilitating-cross-cultural-dialogue
#20
Zareen Zaidi, Daniëlle Verstegen, Rashmi Vyas, Omayma Hamed, Tim Dornan, Page Morahan
BACKGROUND: We live in an age when education is being internationalized. This can confront students with 'cultural hegemony' that can result from the unequal distribution of power and privilege in global society. The name that is given to awareness of social inequality is 'critical consciousness'. Cross-cultural dialogue provides an opportunity for learners to develop critical consciousness to counter cultural hegemony. The purpose of this research was to understand how learners engage with cross-cultural dialogue, so we can help them do so more effectively in the future...
2016: Medical Education Online
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