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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739657/parental-management-of-discharge-instructions-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Alexander F Glick, Jonathan S Farkas, Joseph Nicholson, Benard P Dreyer, Melissa Fears, Christopher Bandera, Tanya Stolper, Nicole Gerber, H Shonna Yin
CONTEXT: Parents often manage complex instructions when their children are discharged from the inpatient setting or emergency department (ED); misunderstanding instructions can put children at risk for adverse outcomes. Parents' ability to manage discharge instructions has not been examined before in a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature related to parental management (knowledge and execution) of inpatient and ED discharge instructions...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739277/selection-and-implementation-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-major-depressive-disorder-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Daphne Y Liu, Renee J Thompson
Emotion regulation (ER), broadly defined, has been implicated in mental health, including major depressive disorder (MDD). We review empirical studies examining selection and implementation of ER strategies in adults with current or past MDD. We focus on eight strategies (rumination, distraction, cognitive reappraisal, suppression, acceptance, savoring, positive rumination, dampening), organizing the review by research design: (1) self-reported habitual use (i.e., trait) of ER strategies, (2) spontaneous use of ER strategies in laboratory settings, (3) experimentally instructed ER strategies, and (4) use of ER strategies in naturalistic settings...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739061/communication-between-postdelivery-mothers-in-the-pacu-and-newborns-in-israel
#3
Sahar Qoussine, Julie Benbenishty, Sara Penso, Itzik Kara, Olga Potasinko, Yulia Lerman
BACKGROUND: Perioperative, maternity, and newborn nurses discovered a solution using modern technology to facilitate earlier "connection" between postcesarean section mothers and their newborns using televised video conference (VC) or telemedicine. Videoconferencing used as a support in cases of separation after childbirth can facilitate a first "meeting" closer to the time of birth. AIM: The aim of this study was to design and validate the use of video conferencing to facilitate "bonding" between postdelivery cesarean delivery mothers who are separated from their infants...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737358/-optimization-of-the-his-process-mapping-of-the-military-instruction-hospital-mohammed%C3%A2-v
#4
Sanae Jabbar, Farid Lahboube, Nissrine Souissi, Ounsa Roudies
Introduction: Development of process mapping is not easy, as, apart from identification of the key processes of the organization, mapping can hardly describe all of the interactions involved without becoming incomprehensible. In this context, the Rabat Military Hospital decided to review its process mapping to align it with the reference mapping proposed by the National Agency for Performance Support, which is designed to standardize and improve functional mapping of healthcare production systems. Methods: To assist the Military Hospital in this convergence process, this paper proposes the application of a convergence method on the current hospital process mapping, in order to guide hospital agents in the development of optimal process mapping, complying with guidelines for urbanization of information systems while remaining consistent with strategic guidelines...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734995/senior-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-resident-confidence-in-performing-invasive-temporomandibular-joint-procedures
#5
Mohmedvasim Momin, Michael Miloro, Louis G Mercuri, Alexander Munaretto, Michael R Markiewicz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of confidence that senior-level oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents have in the management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, determine their exposure to various invasive TMJ procedures during training, and assess their confidence in performing those procedures on completion of residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed, and a link to a University of Illinois at Chicago Qualtrics Survey platform (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) was e-mailed to all program directors at Commission on Dental Accreditation-accredited OMS training programs in the United States...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734899/strategies-to-develop-endogenous-stem-cell-recruiting-bioactive-materials-for-tissue-repair-and-regeneration
#6
Settimio Pacelli, Sayantani Basu, Jonathan Whitlow, Aparna R Chakravarti, Francisca Acosta, Arushi Varshney, Saman Modaresi, Cory Berkland, Arghya Paul
A leading strategy in tissue engineering is the design of biomimetic scaffolds that stimulate the body's repair mechanisms through the recruitment of endogenous stem cells to sites of injury. Approaches that employ the use of chemoattractant gradients to guide tissue regeneration without external cell sources are favored over traditional cell-based therapies that have limited potential for clinical translation. Following this concept, bioactive scaffolds can be engineered to provide a temporally and spatially controlled release of biological cues, with the possibility to mimic the complex signaling patterns of endogenous tissue regeneration...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733370/reliable-adherence-to-a-copd-care-bundle-mitigates-system-level-failures-and-reduces-copd-readmissions-a-system-redesign-using-improvement-science
#7
Muhammad Ahsan Zafar, Ralph J Panos, Jonathan Ko, Lisa C Otten, Anthony Gentene, Maria Guido, Katherine Clark, Caroline Lee, Jamie Robertson, Evaline A Alessandrini
BACKGROUND: Readmissions of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have devastating effects on patient quality-of-life, disease progression and healthcare cost. Effective interventions to reduce COPD readmissions are needed. OBJECTIVES: Reduce 30-day all-cause readmissions by (1) creating a COPD care bundle that addresses care delivery failures, (2) using improvement science to achieve 90% bundle adherence. SETTING: An 800-bed academic hospital in Ohio, USA...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727509/music-and-on-task-behaviors-in-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Shannon Titus Dieringer, David L Porretta, Diane Sainato
The purpose of our study was to determine the effect of music (music with lyrics versus music with lyrics plus instruction) relative to on-task behaviors in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a gross motor setting. Five preschool children (4 boys, 1 girl) diagnosed with ASD served as participants. A multiple baseline across participants in conjunction with an alternating-treatment design was used. For all participants, music with lyrics plus instruction increased on-task behaviors to a greater extent than did music with lyrics...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726902/limiting-the-valence-advancements-and-new-perspectives-on-patchy-colloids-soft-functionalized-nanoparticles-and-biomolecules
#9
Emanuela Bianchi, Barbara Capone, Ivan Coluzza, Lorenzo Rovigatti, Peter D J van Oostrum
Limited bonding valence, usually accompanied by well-defined directional interactions and selective bonding mechanisms, is nowadays considered among the key ingredients to create complex structures with tailored properties: even though isotropically interacting units already guarantee access to a vast range of functional materials, anisotropic interactions can provide extra instructions to steer the assembly of specific architectures. The anisotropy of effective interactions gives rise to a wealth of self-assembled structures both in the realm of suitably synthesized nano- and micro-sized building blocks and in nature, where the isotropy of interactions is often a zero-th order description of the complicated reality...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726333/the-auditory-oddball-paradigm-revised-to-improve-bedside-detection-of-consciousness-in-behaviorally-unresponsive-patients
#10
Dominique Morlet, Perrine Ruby, Nathalie André-Obadia, Catherine Fischer
Active paradigms requiring subjects to engage in a mental task on request have been developed to detect consciousness in behaviorally unresponsive patients. Using auditory ERPs, the active condition consists in orienting patient's attention toward oddball stimuli. In comparison with passive listening, larger P300 in the active condition identifies voluntary processes. However, contrast between these two conditions is usually too weak to be detected at the individual level. To improve test sensitivity, we propose as a control condition to actively divert the subject's attention from the auditory stimuli with a mental imagery task that has been demonstrated to be within the grasp of the targeted patients: navigate in one's home...
July 20, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725128/quality-of-communication-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratory-technicians-for-fixed-prosthodontics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#11
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717985/basic-echocardiography-for-undergraduate-students-a-comparison-of-different-peer-teaching-approaches
#12
G Gradl-Dietsch, A K Menon, A Gürsel, A Götzenich, N Hatam, A Aljalloud, S Schrading, F Hölzl, M Knobe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of different teaching interventions in a peer-teaching environment on basic echocardiography skills and to examine the influence of gender on learning outcomes. METHODS: We randomly assigned 79 s year medical students (55 women, 24 men) to one of four groups: peer teaching (PT), peer teaching using Peyton's four-step approach (PPT), team based learning (TBL) and video-based learning (VBL). All groups received theoretical and practical hands-on training according to the different approaches...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715296/a-self-determination-theory-based-self-myofascial-release-program-in-older-adults-with-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-neck-and-back-a-pilot-study
#13
Minyoung Lee, Minhee Kim, Sejun Oh, Yoon-Jin Choi, Dongshin Lee, Sang Heon Lee, BumChul Yoon
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness and adherence to a self-determination theory (SDT)-based self-myofascial release (SMR) program in older adults with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), and to investigate the factors that influence participant behavioral change while conducting the program in a home setting. METHODS: An explanatory mixed-method design was used to evaluate a 12-week SDT-based SMR program, including a 4-week group-based education and practice (EP) phase and an 8-week home-based self-management (SM) phase...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714821/leaving-the-lecture-behind-putting-pubmed-instruction-into-the-hands-of-the-students
#14
Rose L Turner, Andrea M Ketchum, Melissa A Ratajeski, Charles B Wessel
This column describes the development of a one-shot PubMed instruction class for medical students at a health sciences library. Background information on the objective is presented and discussed in the context of educational practice literature. The new course design centers on a guided group method of instruction in order to integrate more active learning. Surveyed students reported that the method was an effective way to learn how to search PubMed and that they preferred it to a traditional lecture. Pros and cons of the method are offered for other health sciences libraries interested in presenting PubMed instruction in a similar manner...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713766/comparative-evaluation-of-antiplaque-efficacy-between-essential-oils-with-alcohol-based-and-chlorhexidine-with-nonalcohol-based-mouthrinses
#15
Prasad Kulkarni, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed Jalaluddin, Arnab Mandal
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the antiplaque efficacy of alcohol-based mouthwash with essential oils and nonalcohol-based chlorhexidine mouthrinse in 4 days plaque re-formation study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current research paper is double-blinded, parallel designed clinical trial that was conducted in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar. This included ninety dental students of Bachelor of Dental Surgery curriculum (in the age range from 20 to 24 years) Professional cleaning with scaling and polishing was carried out to acquire a zero plaque and gingival index (GI) for all ninety patients at baseline...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711114/the-effects-of-training-contingency-awareness-during-attention-bias-modification-on-learning-and-stress-reactivity
#16
Amit Lazarov, Rany Abend, Shiran Seidner, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
Current attention bias modification (ABM) procedures are designed to implicitly train attention away from threatening stimuli with the hope of reducing stress reactivity and anxiety symptoms. However, the mechanisms underlying effective ABM delivery are not well understood, with awareness of the training contingency suggested as one possible factor contributing to ABM efficacy. Here, 45 high-anxious participants were trained to divert attention away from threat in two ABM sessions. They were randomly assigned to one of three training protocols: an implicit protocol, comprising two standard implicit ABM training sessions; an explicit protocol, comprising two sessions with explicit instruction as to the attention training contingency; and an implicit-explicit protocol, in which participants were not informed of the training contingency in the first ABM session and informed of it at the start of the second session...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707636/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-patient-safety-course-in-a-problem-based-learning-program
#17
Sarah Ahmed Eltony, Nahla Hassan El-Sayed, Shimaa El-Sayed El-Araby, Salah Eldin Kassab
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the WHO patient safety curriculum guide, there has been insufficient reporting regarding the implementation and evaluation of patient safety courses in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) programs. This study is designed to implement a patient safety course to undergraduate students in a PBL medical school and evaluate this course by examining its effects on students' knowledge and satisfaction. METHODS: The target population included year 6 medical students (n = 71) at the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University in Egypt...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706166/-development-and-effects-of-an-instructional-coaching-program-regarding-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-for-elementary-school-teachers
#18
Shin Jeong Park, Wan Ju Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a newly developed instructional coaching program regarding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) for teachers. METHODS: Seventy teachers participated in this study involving a nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design. The instructional coaching program consisted of eight 60-minute sessions. The program was developed through a theoretical development program involving six steps...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705246/effects-of-additional-team-based-learning-on-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-a-pilot-study
#19
Meike Jost, Peter Brüstle, Marianne Giesler, Michel Rijntjes, Jochen Brich
BACKGROUND: In the field of Neurology good clinical reasoning skills are essential for successful diagnosing and treatment. Team-based learning (TBL), an active learning and small group instructional strategy, is a promising method for fostering these skills. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a supplementary TBL-class on students' clinical decision-making skills. METHODS: Fourth- and fifth-year medical students participated in this pilot study (static-group comparison design)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701971/facilitating-social-play-for-children-with-pdds-effects-of-paired-robotic-devices
#20
Soichiro Matsuda, Eleuda Nunez, Masakazu Hirokawa, Junichi Yamamoto, Kenji Suzuki
Interacting with toys and other people is fundamental for developing social communication skills. However, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are characterized by having a significant impairment in social interaction, which often leads to deficits in play skills. For this reason, methods of teaching play skills to young children with ASD have been well documented. Although previous studies have examined a variety of instructional strategies for teaching skills, few studies have evaluated the potential of using robotic devices...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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