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health cara associated pneumonia

Dallas P Seitz, Sudeep S Gill, Andrea Gruneir, Peter C Austin, Geoff Anderson, Cara L Reimer, Paula A Rochon
OBJECTIVES: Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) may interact with muscle relaxants given during general anesthesia (GA), increasing the risk of postoperative complications. We evaluated the effects of ChEIs on the postoperative outcomes of older adults who underwent hip fracture surgery. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study using linked administrative databases. PARTICIPANTS: All individuals with dementia age 66 years or older, who underwent hip fracture surgery between April 1, 2003, and December 31, 2007, in Ontario, Canada...
September 2011: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Lesley Tilson, Cara Usher, Karina Butler, John Fitzsimons, Fiona O'Hare, Suzanne Cotter, Darina O'Flanagan, Howard Johnson, Michael Barry
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of implementing a universal infant 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) vaccination program in the Irish health-care setting from the health-care payers' perspective. METHODS: A model was constructed in MS Excel to follow a cohort of vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals from birth over a 5-year period. The reduction in events that would be associated with PCV7 vaccination and the mortality and cost resulting from these events were analyzed...
September 2008: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
George G Zhanel, Mel DeCorby, Nancy Laing, Barb Weshnoweski, Ravi Vashisht, Franil Tailor, Kim A Nichol, Aleksandra Wierzbowski, Patricia J Baudry, James A Karlowsky, Philippe Lagacé-Wiens, Andrew Walkty, Melissa McCracken, Michael R Mulvey, Jack Johnson, Daryl J Hoban
Between 1 September 2005 and 30 June 2006, 19 medical centers collected 4,180 isolates recovered from clinical specimens from patients in intensive care units (ICUs) in Canada. The 4,180 isolates were collected from 2,292 respiratory specimens (54.8%), 738 blood specimens (17.7%), 581 wound/tissue specimens (13.9%), and 569 urinary specimens (13.6%). The 10 most common organisms isolated from 79.5% of all clinical specimens were methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (16.4%), Escherichia coli (12...
April 2008: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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