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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743716/deadly-dust-storms-insect-diseases-and-nature-s-new-editor
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709285/prenatal-exposure-to-sand-and-dust-storms-and-children-s-cognitive-function-in-china-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Zhihui Li, Lincoln Chen, Mingqiang Li, Jessica Cohen
BACKGROUND: While there is evidence that sand and dust storms can have adverse health effects, the effects of such storms on children's cognitive function has not been explored. We examined whether prenatal exposure to sand and dust storms affects children's cognitive function and, if so, whether harmful effects of sand and dust storms vary by the trimester of exposure. METHODS: This study used nationally representative data from the China Family Panel Studies between 2010 and 2014 and data on sand and dust storms from the national Sand and Dust Weather Almanac...
May 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709280/cognition-impact-of-sand-and-dust-storms-highlights-future-research-needs
#3
Prashant Bharadwaj, Jennifer Burney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662058/greenland-records-of-aerosol-source-and-atmospheric-lifetime-changes-from-the-eemian-to-the-holocene
#4
S Schüpbach, H Fischer, M Bigler, T Erhardt, G Gfeller, D Leuenberger, O Mini, R Mulvaney, N J Abram, L Fleet, M M Frey, E Thomas, A Svensson, D Dahl-Jensen, E Kettner, H Kjaer, I Seierstad, J P Steffensen, S O Rasmussen, P Vallelonga, M Winstrup, A Wegner, B Twarloh, K Wolff, K Schmidt, K Goto-Azuma, T Kuramoto, M Hirabayashi, J Uetake, J Zheng, J Bourgeois, D Fisher, D Zhiheng, C Xiao, M Legrand, A Spolaor, J Gabrieli, C Barbante, J-H Kang, S D Hur, S B Hong, H J Hwang, S Hong, M Hansson, Y Iizuka, I Oyabu, R Muscheler, F Adolphi, O Maselli, J McConnell, E W Wolff
The Northern Hemisphere experienced dramatic changes during the last glacial, featuring vast ice sheets and abrupt climate events, while high northern latitudes during the last interglacial (Eemian) were warmer than today. Here we use high-resolution aerosol records from the Greenland NEEM ice core to reconstruct the environmental alterations in aerosol source regions accompanying these changes. Separating source and transport effects, we find strongly reduced terrestrial biogenic emissions during glacial times reflecting net loss of vegetated area in North America...
April 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579656/temporal-and-spatial-variations-in-sand-and-dust-storm-events-in-east-asia-from-2007-to-2016-relationships-with-surface-conditions-and-climate-change
#5
Linchang An, Huizheng Che, Min Xue, Tianhang Zhang, Hong Wang, Yaqiang Wang, Chunhong Zhou, Hujia Zhao, Ke Gui, Yu Zheng, Tianze Sun, Yuanxin Liang, Enwei Sun, Hengde Zhang, Xiaoye Zhang
We analyzed the frequency and intensity of sand and dust storms (SDSs) in East Asia from 2007 to 2016 using observational data from ground stations, numerical modeling, and vegetation indices obtained from both satellite and reanalysis data. The relationships of SDSs with surface conditions and the synoptic circulation pattern were also analyzed. The statistical analyses demonstrated that the number and intensity of SDS events recorded in spring during 2007 to 2016 showed a decreasing trend. The total number of spring SDSs decreased from at least ten events per year before 2011 to less than ten events per year after 2011...
March 23, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460741/coccidioidomycosis-outbreaks-united-states-and-worldwide-1940-2015
#6
Michael Freedman, Brendan R Jackson, Orion McCotter, Kaitlin Benedict
Coccidioidomycosis causes substantial illness and death in the United States each year. Although most cases are sporadic, outbreaks provide insight into the clinical and environmental features of coccidioidomycosis, high-risk activities, and the geographic range of Coccidioides fungi. We identified reports published in English of 47 coccidioidomycosis outbreaks worldwide that resulted in 1,464 cases during 1940-2015. Most (85%) outbreaks were associated with environmental exposures; the 2 largest outbreaks resulted from an earthquake and a large dust storm...
March 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426026/lung-health-in-era-of-climate-change-and-dust-storms
#7
REVIEW
Michael D Schweitzer, Andrew S Calzadilla, Oriana Salamo, Arash Sharifi, Naresh Kumar, Gregory Holt, Michael Campos, Mehdi Mirsaeidi
Dust storms are strong winds which lead to particle exposure over extensive areas. These storms influence air quality on both a local and global scale which lead to both short and long-term effects. The frequency of dust storms has been on the rise during the last decade. Forecasts suggest that their incidence will increase as a response to the effects of climate change and anthropogenic activities. Elderly people, young children, and individuals with chronic cardiopulmonary diseases are at the greatest risk for health effects of dust storms...
May 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391425/spatial-and-temporal-evolution-of-natural-and-anthropogenic-dust-events-over-northern-china
#8
Xin Wang, Jun Liu, Huizheng Che, Fei Ji, Jingjing Liu
Mineral dust interacts with radiation and cloud microphysics in East Asia can affect local and regional climate. In this study, we found that the occurrences of dust storms, blowing dust, and floating dust over northern China has decreased 76.7%, 68.5%, and 64.5% considerably since the beginning of this century. Based on a multi-dimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) method, a steady decrease in zonal maximum wind speed (up to -0.95 m/s) in the Northern Hemisphere was largely responsible for this recent decline in dust event occurrences...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302839/in-vitro-exposure-of-nasal-epithelial-cells-to-atmospheric-dust
#9
David Elad, Uri Zaretsky, Sharon Avraham, Ruthie Gotlieb, Michael Wolf, Itzhak Katra, Shlomo Sarig, Eli Zaady
Dust storms are common phenomena in many parts of the world, and significantly increase the level of atmospheric particulate matter (PM). The soil-derived dust is a mixture of organic and inorganic particles and even remnants of pesticides from agricultural areas nearby. The risk of human exposure to atmospheric dust is well documented, but very little is known on the impact of inhaled PM on the biological lining of the nasal cavity, which is the natural filter between the external environment and the respiratory tract...
January 4, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248856/efficacy-of-dust-aerosol-forecasts-for-east-asia-using-the-adjoint-of-geos-chem-with-ground-based-observations
#10
Jaein I Jeong, Rokjin J Park
Asian dust storms occur often and have a great impact on East Asia and the western Pacific in spring. Early warnings based on reliable forecasts of dust storms thus are crucial for protecting human health and industry. Here we explore the efficacy of 4-D variational method-based data assimilation in a chemical transport model for dust storm forecasts in East Asia. We use a 3-D global chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem) and its adjoint model with surface PM10 mass concentration observations. We evaluate the model for several severe dust storm events, which occurred in May 2007 and March 2011 in East Asia...
March 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186670/changes-in-extreme-events-and-the-potential-impacts-on-human-health
#11
Jesse E Bell, Claudia Langford Brown, Kathryn Conlon, Stephanie Herring, Kenneth E Kunkel, Jay Lawrimore, George Luber, Carl Schreck, Adam Smith, Christopher Uejio
Extreme weather and climate-related events affect human health by causing death, injury, and illness, as well as having large socioeconomic impacts. Climate change has caused changes in extreme event frequency, intensity and geographic distribution, and will continue to be a driver for change in the future. Some of these events include heat waves, droughts, wildfires, dust storms, flooding rains, coastal flooding, storm surge, and hurricanes. The pathways connecting extreme events to health outcomes and economic losses can be diverse and complex...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128772/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-which-influence-metal-adsorption-to-road-dust
#12
Ayomi Jayarathne, Prasanna Egodawatta, Godwin A Ayoko, Ashantha Goonetilleke
The adsorption behaviour of metals deposited on road surfaces is a complex process and influenced by a range of factors common to the urban environment. However, all factors do not have the same level of importance. It is therefore important to identify the most crucial factors for accurate stormwater quality predictions and to implement effective stormwater pollution mitigation measures. Accordingly, this study investigated the extrinsic and intrinsic factors in terms of their degree of influence on the adsorption of individual metal cations to particulates...
November 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121489/health-impacts-quantification-of-ambient-air-pollutants-using-airq-model-approach-in-hamadan-iran
#13
Farshad Bahrami Asl, Mostafa Leili, Yaser Vaziri, Soheila Salahshour Arian, Antonio Cristaldi, Gea Oliveri Conti, Margherita Ferrante
Iranian western cities, including Hamadan, have been experiencing Middle East Dust Storms (MEDS) phenomenon problems in recent years, so the air quality is getting worse every year in these cities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human health impacts of criteria air pollutants including PM10 , PM2.5 , NO2 , SO2 , CO and O3 on the citizens of Hamadan using AirQ model software 2.2.3. Considering the determined baseline incidence (BI) and relative risk (RR) rate, the attributable proportion (AP) of deaths due to cardiovascular and respiratory mortality attributed to PM2...
February 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066201/insights-into-extinction-evolution-during-extreme-low-visibility-events-case-study-of-shanghai-china
#14
Zhen Cheng, Shuxiao Wang, Liping Qiao, Hongli Wang, Min Zhou, Xiao Fu, Shengrong Lou, Lina Luo, Jingkun Jiang, Changhong Chen, Xiaoliang Wang, Jiming Hao
Apportionment of ambient extinction coefficient is essential for quantifying the causes of visibility degradation. Previous studies focused on either seasonal or episode-average extinction coefficients. The extinction evolution during different types of low visibility events was still unclear and seldom investigated. In this study, hourly-resolution apportionment of ambient extinction coefficient, including dry extinction coefficient and hygroscopic portion, during three low visibility events (i.e., dust storm, autumn and winter haze) and one clear episode was retrieved through online measurement in Shanghai, China...
October 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053862/a-study-of-the-radioactivity-in-the-dust-storm-event-of-april-2015-in-arabian-peninsula
#15
Zaid Q Ababneh, Anas M Ababneh, Sultan Alsagabi, Fahad I Almasoud
Gulf countries are often affected by dust storms which have a significant influence on the environment and public health. The present work examines the radioactivity content in the intense dust storm occurred over Gulf countries on 1 April 2015. The results showed that the average value of 137Cs in dust samples (±SD) is 14.4 ± 1.6 Bq/kg, which is almost two orders of magnitude larger than those in soil samples. 7Be was detected with a considerable amount only in dust samples. The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides (234,238U, 228,230,232Th, 226,228Ra and 40K) in dust samples were found to be approximately two to three times higher than the corresponding values in soil samples, which is attributed to the abundance of the finest particle size in the dust samples...
October 19, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029208/dust-storms-heart-attacks-and-protecting-those-at-risk
#16
Mary B Rice, Murray A Mittleman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993926/effects-of-dust-on-forest-tree-health-in-zagros-oak-forests
#17
A Moradi, K Taheri Abkenar, M Afshar Mohammadian, N Shabanian
Dust is one of the most devastating factors for the environment threatening all animal and plant species. In many regions, the ecological and economic impact of microdust on scarce species is critical. In the western region of Iran, the Zagros forests have been exposed to dust storms for many years. In this study, the effect of dust on oak trees, the most important trees of Zagros forests, is investigated. For this purpose, 3-year-old seedlings of three species of oak trees under natural conditions were exposed to dust during spring and summer months...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932981/the-spatial-distribution-and-accumulation-characteristics-of-heavy-metals-in-steppe-soils-around-three-mining-areas-in-xilinhot-in-inner-mongolia-china
#18
Yongfei Gao, Honglin Liu, Guixiang Liu
Metal deposition has become a major environmental problem in China due to its adverse effects on human and ecosystem health, particularly in Inner Mongolia, where frequent dust storms (due to steppe degradation and desertification) and soil pollution (associated with the increasing mining activities) have occurred in recent decades. To assess spatial distribution of heavy metals and the influences of mining activities on geochemical behavior of heavy metals in soils, soil samples with depth of 0-10, 10-20, and 20-30 cm at each site were collected from different directions in the vicinity of three mines (coal mine, gold mine, and fluorite mine) in a typical steppe zone of Inner Mongolia, China...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828754/elemental-and-carbonaceous-characterization-of-tsp-and-pm10-during-middle-eastern-dust-med-storms-in-ahvaz-southwestern-iran
#19
Abbas Shahsavani, Maryam Yarahmadi, Mostafa Hadei, Mohammad Hossein Sowlat, Kazem Naddafi
Middle Eastern dust (MED) storms carry large amounts of dust particles to the Southern and Western cities of Iran. This study aimed to characterize the elemental and carbonaceous composition of total suspended particles (TSP) and PM10 in Ahvaz, Iran. TSP and PM10 samples were collected using two separate high-volume air samplers. The sampling program was performed according to EPA guidelines and resulted in 72 samples. Twenty-eight elements and two carbonaceous components in TSP and PM10 were measured. Over the entire study period, the mean concentration (SD) of TSP and PM10 was 1548...
August 21, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783496/the-transport-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-during-rainfall-and-snowmelt-in-contrasting-landscapes
#20
Abha Parajulee, Ying Duan Lei, Ajitha Kananathalingam, David S McLagan, Carl P J Mitchell, Frank Wania
Though it has been established that stream concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban watersheds can be much greater than those in less developed watersheds, knowledge of transport mechanisms is lacking, particularly in temperate, Northern climates with seasonal snow packs. We combine high-resolution stream water sampling with air, suspended solid and stream flow monitoring to investigate the source to stream transport of PAHs during rainfall and snowmelt in paired watersheds with contrasting land use...
November 1, 2017: Water Research
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