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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677693/does-the-consecutive-interpreting-approach-enhance-medical-english-communication-skills-of-japanese-speaking-students
#1
Hideki Iizuka, Alan K Lefor
Objectives: To determine if the Consecutive Interpreting Approach enhances medical English communication skills of students in a Japanese medical university and to assess this method based on performance and student evaluations. Methods:  This is a three-phase study using a mixed-methods design, which starts with four language reproduction activities for 30 medical and 95 nursing students, followed by a quantitative analysis of perfect-match reproduction rates to assess changes over the duration of the study and qualitative error analysis of participants' language reproduction...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677552/put-your-hands-up-gesturing-improves-preschoolers-executive-function
#2
Candace L Rhoads, Patricia H Miller, Gina O Jaeger
This study addressed the causal direction of a previously reported relation between preschoolers' gesturing and their executive functioning on the Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) sorting-switch task. Gesturing the relevant dimension for sorting was induced in a Gesture group through instructions, imitation, and prompts. In contrast, the Control group was instructed to "think hard" when sorting. Preschoolers (N = 50) performed two DCCS tasks: (a) sort by size and then spatial orientation of two objects and (b) sort by shape and then proximity of the two objects...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677470/complement-and-the-regulation-of-t-cell-responses
#3
Erin E West, Martin Kolev, Claudia Kemper
The complement system is an evolutionarily ancient key component of innate immunity required for the detection and removal of invading pathogens. It was discovered more than 100 years ago and was originally defined as a liver-derived, blood-circulating sentinel system that classically mediates the opsonization and lytic killing of dangerous microbes and the initiation of the general inflammatory reaction. More recently, complement has also emerged as a critical player in adaptive immunity via its ability to instruct both B and T cell responses...
April 26, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677091/factors-associated-with-revision-surgery-after-internal-fixation-of-hip-fractures
#4
Sheila Sprague, Emil H Schemitsch, Marc Swiontkowski, Gregory J Della Rocca, Kyle J Jeray, Susan Liew, Gerard P Slobogean, Sofia Bzovsky, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Qi Zhou, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Femoral neck fractures are associated with high rates of revision surgery after management with internal fixation. Using data from the Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip fractures (FAITH) trial evaluating methods of internal fixation in patients with femoral neck fractures, we investigated associations between baseline and surgical factors and the need for revision surgery to promote healing, relieve pain, treat infection or improve function over 24 months postsurgery...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676634/impact-of-seasonal-winter-air-pollution-on-health-across-the-lifespan-in-mongolia-and-some-putative-solutions
#5
David Warburton, Nicole Warburton, Clarence Wigfall, Ochir Chimedsuren, Delgerzul Lodoisamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Badarch Jargalsaikhan
Environmental pollution of the air, water, and soil comprise an increasingly urgent challenge to global health, well-being, and productivity. The impact of environmental pollution arguably has its greatest impact across the lifespan on children, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women and their unborn children, not only because of their vulnerability during development, but also because of their subsequent longevity. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a highly instructive, perhaps extreme, example of what happens with recent, rapid urbanization...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676303/reliability-and-validity-of-a-kannada-rate-of-reading-test
#6
Krithica Srinivasan, Gopee Krishnan, Arnold Wilkins, Peter Allen
Purpose: Kannada, one of the Dravidian languages, is the official language of Karnataka state of India. There is a need for a test using Kannada words that can assess visual aspects of reading independently of syntactic and semantic knowledge. Methods: A test of reading rate in Kannada was developed following the design principles of the Wilkins Rate of Reading Test (RRT). Fifteen high-frequency bisyllabic Kannada words were selected. Children were recruited from state and private schools that used Kannada or English as the medium of instruction...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676218/vaunting-the-independent-amateur-scientific-american-and-the-representation-of-lay-scientists
#7
Sean F Johnston
This paper traces how media representations encouraged enthusiasts, youth and skilled volunteers to participate actively in science and technology during the twentieth century. It assesses how distinctive discourses about scientific amateurs positioned them with respect to professionals in shifting political and cultural environments. In particular, the account assesses the seminal role of a periodical, Scientific American magazine, in shaping and championing an enduring vision of autonomous scientific enthusiasms...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676143/-prescription-annotations-in-welfare-pharmacy
#8
Yi Han
Welfare Pharmacy contains medical formulas documented by the government and official prescriptions used by the official pharmacy in the pharmaceutical process. In the last years of Southern Song Dynasty, anonyms gave a lot of prescription annotations, made textual researches for the name, source, composition and origin of the prescriptions, and supplemented important historical data of medical cases and researched historical facts. The annotations of Welfare Pharmacy gathered the essence of medical theory, and can be used as precious materials to correctly understand the syndrome differentiation, compatibility regularity and clinical application of prescriptions...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676135/-protective-effect-of-longxue-tongluo-capsule-on-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-damage-to-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#9
Hong-Mei Wang, Jian-Ming Zhou, Yao-Zhong Lv, Jun Zhou, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wen-Zhe Huang, Peng-Fei Tu, Wei Xiao
To observe the protective effect of Longxue Tongluo capsule (LTC) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EAhy.926 cells) injury induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 100 mg·L⁻¹). The effect of the cell viability of LTCin alleviating OX-LDL-induced endothelial cell injury was determined by MTT and LDH assay. The effect of LTC on lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), nitric oxide (NO), super oxide dlsmutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were detected by corresponding assay kits according to manufacturer's instruction...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675825/using-an-abbreviated-assessment-to-identify-effective-error-correction-procedures-for-individual-learners-during-discrete-trial-instruction
#10
Regina A Carroll, Jennifer Owsiany, Jessica M Cheatham
Previous research comparing the effectiveness of error-correction procedures has involved lengthy assessments that may not be practical in applied settings. We used an abbreviated assessment to compare the effectiveness of five error-correction procedures for four children with autism spectrum disorder or a developmental delay. During the abbreviated assessment, we sampled participants' responding with each procedure and completed the assessment before participants reached our mastery criterion. Then, we used the results of the abbreviated assessment to predict the most efficient procedure for each participant...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675602/second-language-processing-of-korean-floating-numeral-quantifiers
#11
Hyunwoo Kim
This study investigated whether Chinese-Korean bilinguals can use structure-based information to interpret Korean sentences containing floating numeral quantifiers during online processing. A numeral quantifier in Korean can be stranded from its modified noun through scrambling as long as the quantifier forms a constituent with the noun. For Chinese-Korean bilinguals, acquiring this structural knowledge gives rise to a learnability problem because this ability cannot be derived from the L1, not easily induced from Korean input and is not obtained through classroom instruction...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674844/evaluation-of-performance-acceptance-and-compliance-of-an-auto-injector-in-healthy-and-rheumatoid-arthritic-subjects-measured-by-a-motion-capture-system
#12
Xiao Xiao, Wei Li, Corbin Clawson, David Karvani, Perceval Sondag, James K Hahn
Purpose: The study aimed to develop a motion capture system that can track, visualize, and analyze the entire performance of self-injection with the auto-injector. Methods: Each of nine healthy subjects and 29 rheumatoid arthritic (RA) patients with different degrees of hand disability performed two simulated injections into an injection pad while six degrees of freedom (DOF) motions of the auto-injector and the injection pad were captured. We quantitatively measured the performance of the injection by calculating needle displacement from the motion trajectories...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674826/an-in-vivo-comparison-of-the-antibacterial-efficacy-of-photoactivated-disinfection-diode-laser-and-5-sodium-hypochlorite-in-root-canal-disinfection
#13
Snehal S Sonarkar, Shishir Singh, Rajesh Podar, Gaurav Kulkarni, Rucheet Purba
Background: Pulpal infections are caused by varied number of organisms and are located in various sites of root canal system. Thus, the success of root canal treatment depends on complete eradication of microbiota. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two patients were selected and divided into four groups (photoactivated disinfection [PAD], diode laser, 5% sodium hypochlorite [NaOCl], and normal saline). The treatment was done according to groups, following manufacturer's instructions...
March 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674814/bonding-effectiveness-of-self-etch-adhesives-to-dentin-after-24-h-water-storage
#14
Mouhamed Sarr, Fatou Leye Benoist, Khaly Bane, Adjaratou Wakha Aidara, Anta Seck, Babacar Toure
Purpose: This study evaluated the immediate bonding effectiveness of five self-etch adhesive systems bonded to dentin. Materials and Methods: The microtensile bond strength of five self-etch adhesives systems, including one two-step and four one-step self-etch adhesives to dentin, was measured. Human third molars had their superficial dentin surface exposed, after which a standardized smear layer was produced using a medium-grit diamond bur. The selected adhesives were applied according to their respective manufacturer's instructions for μTBS measurement after storage in water at 37°C for 24 h...
March 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674813/the-impact-of-artificially-caries-affected-dentin-on-bond-strength-of-multi-mode-adhesives
#15
Andressa Cargnelutti Follak, Leonardo Lamberti Miotti, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of dentin condition on bond strength of multi-mode adhesive systems (MMAS) to sound and artificially induced caries-affected dentin (CAD). Methods: Flat dentin surfaces of 112 bovine incisors were assigned to 16 subgroups ( n = 7) according to the substrate condition (sound and CAD- pH-cycling for 14 days); adhesive systems (Scotchbond Universal, All-Bond Universal, Prime and Bond Elect, Adper Single Bond Plus and Clearfil SE Bond) and etching strategy (etch-and-rinse and self-etch)...
March 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#16
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673976/effect-of-ultrasonic-field-on-the-enzyme-activities-and-ion-balance-of-potential-pathogen-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#17
Junyan Liu, Lin Li, Lizhen Zhou, Bing Li, Zhenbo Xu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the enzyme activities and ion concentrations in potential pathogen S.cerevisiae upon ultrasonic treatment. METHODS: The activities of ATPase and antioxidase were identified by ATPase, SOD, and CAT assay kits following the instructions. Extracellular Ca2+ and K+ concentrations were determined in an atomic absorption spectrometer with calcium and potassium hollow-cathode lamps as radiation sources. RESULTS: SOD and CAT activities were enhanced by relatively low ultrasonic power at early time points and reduced to lower levels...
April 16, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672729/morphology-instruction-in-the-science-classroom-for-students-who-are-deaf-a-multiple-probe-across-content-analysis
#18
Jessica W Trussell, Jason Nordhaus, Alison Brusehaber, Brittany Amari
Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students have exhibited a morphological knowledge delay that begins in preschool and persists through college. Morphological knowledge is critical to vocabulary understanding and text comprehension in the science classroom. We investigated the effects of morphological instruction, commonly referred to as Word Detectives, on the morphological knowledge of college-age DHH students in a science course. We implemented a multiple probe across behaviors single-case experimental design study with nine student participants...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672697/publishing-activities-improves-undergraduate-biology-education
#19
Michelle K Smith
To improve undergraduate biology education, there is an urgent need for biology instructors to publish their innovative active learning instructional materials in peer-reviewed journals. To do this, instructors can measure student knowledge about a variety of biology concepts, iteratively design activities, explore student learning outcomes, and publish the results. Creating a set of well-vetted activities, searchable through a journal interface, saves other instructors time and encourages the use of active-learning instructional practices...
April 17, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672578/the-cost-effectiveness-of-three-methods-of-disseminating-information-to-improve-medical-male-circumcision-in-uganda
#20
Edward I Broughton, Esther Karamagi, Angella Kigonya, Anna Lawino, Lani Marquez, Sarah Smith Lunsford, Albert Twinomugisha
BACKGROUND: Uganda is working to increase voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) to prevent HIV infection. To support VMMC quality improvement, this study compared three methods of disseminating information to facilities on how to improve VMMC quality: M-providing a written manual; MH-providing the manual plus a handover meeting in which clinicians shared advice on implementing key changes and participated in group discussion; and MHC-manual, handover meeting, and three site visits to the facility in which a coach provided individualized guidance and mentoring on improvement...
2018: PloS One
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