keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

periostin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334288/targeted-anti-il-13-therapies-in-asthma-current-data-and-future-perspectives
#1
Polyxeni Ntontsi, Evgenia Papathanassiou, Stelios Loukides, Petros Bakakos, Georgios Hillas
Introduction The identification of patients with severe asthma who will benefit from a personalized management approach remains an unmet need. Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is a cytokine possessing a significant role in asthma pathogenesis and progression of disease. Humanised monoclonal antibodies against IL-13 and IL-13 and IL-4 receptors are mainly proposed as add-on therapy in patients with TH2-high inflammation with uncontrolled asthma despite maximum therapy. Areas covered The role of IL-13 in airway inflammation in severe asthma, the targeted anti-IL-13 therapies and biomarkers that predict response to anti-IL-13 treatment are discussed...
January 15, 2018: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323034/implications-of-periostin-in-the-development-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-induced-brain-injuries
#2
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Hidenori Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318959/novel-biological-therapies-in-severe-asthma-targeting-the-right-trait
#3
Gilda Varricchi, Giancarlo Marone, Giuseppe Spadaro, Michele Russo, Francescopaolo Granata, Arturo Genovese, Gianni Marone
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation that results in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Patients with severe asthma represent a substantial share of consumption of healthcare resources and hospitalization. Moreover, these patients are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. Recently, several phenotypes and endotypes of asthma have been identified. The identification of specific subtypes of asthma is fundamental for optimizing the clinical benefit of novel treatments...
January 9, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316316/serum-but-not-exhaled-breath-condensate-periostin-level-is-increased-in-competitive-athletes
#4
Marcin Kurowski, Janusz Jurczyk, Marzanna Jarzębska, Aleksandra Wardzyńska, Hubert Krysztofiak, Marek L Kowalski
INTRODUCTION: Periostin is a matricellular protein expressed by many tissues. Its release may be enhanced, among others, through mechanical stimulation of muscles and bones as well as by cytokines of allergic inflammation. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess periostin levels in serum and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of professional athletes, asthmatics and healthy controls. We also sought to determine whether acute treadmill exercise influences serum and EBC periostin...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306496/periostin-inhibits-mechanical-stretch-induced-apoptosis-in-osteoblast-like-mg-63%C3%A2-cells
#5
Kai-Wen Yu, Chung-Chen Yao, Jiiang-Huei Jeng, Hao-Ying Shieh, Yi-Jane Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Appropriate mechanical stress plays an important role in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts, whereas high-level mechanical stress may be harmful and compromise cell survival. Periostin, a matricellular protein, is essential in maintaining functional integrity of bone and collagen-rich connective tissue in response to mechanical stress. This study investigated whether or not high-level mechanical stretch induces cell apoptosis and the regulatory role of periostin in mechanical stretch-induced apoptosis in osteoblastic cells...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301585/a-randomised-pragmatic-trial-of-corticosteroid-optimization-in-severe-asthma-using-a-composite-biomarker-algorithm-to-adjust-corticosteroid-dose-versus-standard-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial
#6
Catherine E Hanratty, John G Matthews, Joseph R Arron, David F Choy, Ian D Pavord, P Bradding, Christopher E Brightling, Rekha Chaudhuri, Douglas C Cowan, Ratko Djukanovic, Nicola Gallagher, Stephen J Fowler, Tim C Hardman, Tim Harrison, Cécile T Holweg, Peter H Howarth, James Lordan, Adel H Mansur, Andrew Menzies-Gow, Sofia Mosesova, Robert M Niven, Douglas S Robinson, Dominick E Shaw, Samantha Walker, Ashley Woodcock, Liam G Heaney
BACKGROUND: Patients with difficult-to-control asthma consume 50-60% of healthcare costs attributed to asthma and cost approximately five-times more than patients with mild stable disease. Recent evidence demonstrates that not all patients with asthma have a typical type 2 (T2)-driven eosinophilic inflammation. These asthmatics have been called 'T2-low asthma' and have a minimal response to corticosteroid therapy. Adjustment of corticosteroid treatment using sputum eosinophil counts from induced sputum has demonstrated reduced severe exacerbation rates and optimized corticosteroid dose...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289709/periostin-dentin-matrix-protein-1-and-p2rx7-ion-channel-in-human-teeth-and-periodontal-ligament
#7
I Menéndez-Diaz, J D Muriel, O García-Suárez, A Obaya, S Cal, J Cobo, J A Vega, T Cobo
The periostin is a matricellular protein present in the human periodontal ligament and human dental pulp-derived cells lines, that up-regulates the in vitro expression of some genes involved in the dentin mineralization, such as dentin matrix protein 1 and P2×7-ion channel receptor. Here we investigated the distribution of periostin in human teeth and periodontal ligaments, mapping in parallel the localization of dentin matrix protein 1 and P2×7-ion channel receptor to establish whether or not they are expressed in the same places as periostin...
December 28, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288409/gene-expression-analysis-to-identify-mechanisms-underlying-heart-failure-susceptibility-in-mice-and-humans
#8
Christoph Koentges, Mark E Pepin, Carolyn Müsse, Katharina Pfeil, Sonia V Viteri Alvarez, Natalie Hoppe, Michael M Hoffmann, Katja E Odening, Samuel Sossalla, Andreas Zirlik, Lutz Hein, Christoph Bode, Adam R Wende, Heiko Bugger
Genetic factors are known to modulate cardiac susceptibility to ventricular hypertrophy and failure. To determine how strain influences the transcriptional response to pressure overload-induced heart failure (HF) and which of these changes accurately reflect the human disease, we analyzed the myocardial transcriptional profile of mouse strains with high (C57BL/6J) and low (129S1/SvImJ) susceptibility for HF development, which we compared to that of human failing hearts. Following transverse aortic constriction (TAC), C57BL/6J mice developed overt HF while 129S1/SvImJ did not...
December 29, 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284199/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-head-and-neck-cancer-progression-through-periostin-mediated-pi3k-akt-mtor
#9
Chuanxia Liu, Xiaoxia Feng, Baixiang Wang, Xinhua Wang, Chaowei Wang, Mengfei Yu, Guifen Cao, Huiming Wang
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) have been shown to be recruited to tumor microenvironment and exert a tumor-promoting effect in a variety of cancers. However, the molecular mechanisms related to the tumor-promoting effect of BMMSCs on head and neck cancer (HNC) were not clear. In this study, we investigated Periostin (POSTN) and its roles in tumor-promoting effect of BMMSCs on HNC. In vitro analysis of HNC cells cultured in BMMSCs conditioned media (MSC-CM) showed that MSC-CM significantly promoted the cancer progression by enhancing cell proliferation, migration, epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT), altering expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins and inhibition of apoptosis...
December 28, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279258/serum-periostin-is-not-related-to-asthma-predictive-index
#10
J A Castro-Rodriguez, I Atton, G Villarroel, C A Serrano
BACKGROUND: In contrast to adult asthmatic patients, studies on the role of serum periostin levels in schoolchildren with asthma are still conflictive, and very few studies have been performed in pre-schoolers. The aim of this study was to compare serum periostin levels in recurrent wheezer pre-schoolers according to their asthma predictive index (API) condition. METHODS: We performed a case-control study enrolling pre-schoolers with recurrent wheezing episodes (>3 episodes confirmed by physician) presented at one paediatric clinic in Santiago, Chile...
December 23, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244110/proteomic-profiling-of-human-uterine-fibroids-reveals-upregulation-of-the-extracellular-matrix-protein-periostin
#11
M Fairuz B Jamaluddin, Yi-An Ko, Manish Kumar, Yazmin Brown, Preety Bajwa, Prathima B Nagendra, David Skerrett-Byrne, Hubert Hondermarck, Mark A Baker, Matt D Dun, Rodney J Scott, Pravin Nahar, Pradeep S Tanwar
The central characteristics of uterine fibroid is excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), which contributes to fibroid growth and bulk-type symptoms. Despite this, very little is known about ECM protein expression patterns in fibroids and whether these are influenced by the most common genetic anomalies, which relate to MED12. We performed extensive genetic and proteomic analyses of clinically annotated fibroids and adjacent normal myometrium to identify the composition and expression patterns of ECM proteins in MED12 mutation-positive and mutation-negative uterine fibroids...
December 13, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243036/mediators-of-angiogenesis-and-fibrosis-in-igg4-related-disease
#12
Ilaria Puxeddu, Riccardo Capecchi, Federico Pratesi, Silvana Cianchetti, Antonio Tavoni, Paola Migliorini
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare fibro-inflammatory condition that can affect almost any organ, characterized by tumefactive lesions and often by eosinophilia and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. The aim of the study is to analyze in IgG4-RD patients the serum levels of a group of cytokines and growth factors potentially involved in the regulation of fibrotic processes. In the sera of 12 patients affected by IgG4-RD and of 15 normal healthy subjects (NHS), pro-fibrogenic mediators (TGF-β1 and periostin) and pro- (VEGF and angiogenin-1) and anti- (endostatin and thrombospondin-1) angiogenic mediators were measured by sandwich enzyme immunoassay...
December 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238954/il-25-is-involved-in-ctcl-progression-by-establishing-th2-dominant-microenvironment
#13
R Nakajima, T Miyagaki, T Oka, N Takahashi, M Hirakawa, H Suga, A Yoshizaki, H Fujita, Y Asano, M Sugaya, S Sato
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-25 is a member of the IL-17 family which can promote and augment T-helper type (Th) 2 responses. The expression of IL-25 and its cognate receptor, IL-25 receptor (IL-25R), is upregulated and correlated with disease activity in Th2-associated diseases. OBJECTIVE: To examine the expression and function of IL-25 in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). METHODS: Expression and localization of IL-25 in lesional skin was investigated using immunohistochemistry...
December 13, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229474/accuracy-of-a-new-algorithm-to-identify-asthma-copd-overlap-aco-patients-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-airway-disease
#14
Luis Pérez de Llano, Borja G Cosío, Marc Miravitlles, Vicente Plaza
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterize the clinical, functional and inflammatory features of patients diagnosed diagnosed with ACO according to a new algorithm and to compare them with those of other chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD) categories (asthma and COPD). METHODS: ACO was diagnosed in a cohort of COAD patients in those patients with COPD who were either diagnosed with current asthma or showed significant blood eosinophilia (≥300cells/μl) and/or a very positive bronchodilator response (>400ml and >15% in FEV1)...
December 8, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223720/serum-periostin-is-associated-with-body-mass-index-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-healthy-and-asthmatic-subjects
#15
Hirokazu Kimura, Satoshi Konno, Hironi Makita, Natsuko Taniguchi, Hiroki Kimura, Houman Goudarzi, Kaoruko Shimizu, Masaru Suzuki, Noriharu Shijubo, Katsunori Shigehara, Junya Ono, Kenji Izuhara, Yoichi Minagawa Ito, Masaharu Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Many studies have attempted to clarify the factors associated with serum periostin levels in asthmatic patients. However, these results were based on studies of subjects mainly characterized by high eosinophil counts, which may present as an obstacle for clarification in the identification of other factors associated with serum periostin levels. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with serum periostin levels in healthy subjects. We also assessed some factors in asthmatic subjects to confirm their extrapolation for management of asthma...
December 6, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216729/periostin-normalizes-levels-of-cardiac-markers-in-rats-with-experimental-isoproterenol-cardiotoxicity
#16
A K Devrim, M Sozmen, T Devrim, M Sudagidan, M Cinar, Y B Kabak
BACKGROUND: Although the molecular mechanism of cardiac healing is not fully understood, myocardial infarction is one of the most usual diagnoses in hospitalized patients in industrialized nations while periostin has been recently suggested to have a potential in tissue repairing following myocardial ischemia. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of periostin on the levels of selected cardiac parameters (cardiac troponin I and T, creatine kinase and creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB), antioxidant/lipid peroxidation parameters (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and malondialdehyde), hepatic parameters (alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate and alanine transaminases) as well as lipids (total cholesterol, triglyceride, high, low and very‑low‑density lipoproteins) in a rat model of isoproterenol---induced myocardial injury...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207036/periostin-has-a-protective-role-in-melatonin%C3%A2-induced-cell-apoptosis-by-inhibiting-the-eif2%C3%AE-%C3%A2-atf4-pathway-in-human-osteoblasts
#17
Xiaotong Meng, Yue Zhu, Lin Tao, Sichao Zhao, Shui Qiu
The present study aimed to investigate the role of periostin (POSTN) and high melatonin concentrations in the apoptosis of hFOB 1.19 human normal fetal osteoblastic cells. hFOB 1.19 human osteoblastic cells were stably cultured and treated in different concentrations of melatonin for different durations of action. Apoptosis was assessed quantitatively using flow cytometric analysis. The results of western blot analysis demonstrated that the treatment of cells with different concentrations of melatonin for different durations of action revealed a positive association between melatonin and the expression levels of glucose‑regulated protein (GRP)78, GRP94, phosphorylated (p‑) eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), activating transcription factor (ATF)4, CCAAT/enhanced binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), cleaved caspase‑3, p‑c‑Jun N‑terminal kinase (JNK) and POSTN...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198825/coupling-between-myogenesis-and-angiogenesis-during-skeletal-muscle-regeneration-is-stimulated-by-restorative-macrophages
#18
Claire Latroche, Michèle Weiss-Gayet, Laurent Muller, Cyril Gitiaux, Pascal Leblanc, Sophie Liot, Sabrina Ben-Larbi, Rana Abou-Khalil, Nicolas Verger, Paul Bardot, Mélanie Magnan, Fabrice Chrétien, Rémi Mounier, Stéphane Germain, Bénédicte Chazaud
In skeletal muscle, new functions for vessels have recently emerged beyond oxygen and nutrient supply, through the interactions that vascular cells establish with muscle stem cells. Here, we demonstrate in human and mouse that endothelial cells (ECs) and myogenic progenitor cells (MPCs) interacted together to couple myogenesis and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo during skeletal muscle regeneration. Kinetics of gene expression of ECs and MPCs sorted at different time points of regeneration identified three effectors secreted by both ECs and MPCs...
December 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187373/klotho-activin-a-in-kidney-injury-plasma-klotho-is-maintained-in-unilateral-obstruction-despite-no-upregulation-of-klotho-biosynthesis-in-contralateral-kidney
#19
Anders Nordholm, Maria L Mace, Eva Gravesen, Jacob Hofman-Bang, Marya Morevati, Klaus Olgaard, Ewa Lewin
In a new paradigm of etiology related to Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD) kidney injury may cause induction of factors in the injured kidney that are released into the circulation and thereby initiate and maintain renal fibrosis and CKD-MBD. Klotho is believed to ameliorate renal fibrosis and CKD-MBD, while ActivinA might have detrimental effects. The unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) model is used here to examine this concept by investigating early changes related to renal fibrosis in obstructed kidney, untouched contralateral kidney and vasculature, which might be affected by secreted factors from the obstructed kidney, and compared to unilateral nephrectomized controls (UNX)...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177058/biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-stress-and-fibrosis-in-preclinical-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#20
Jennifer E Ho, Ling Shi, Sharlene M Day, Steven D Colan, Mark W Russell, Jeffrey A Towbin, Mark V Sherrid, Charles E Canter, John Lynn Jefferies, Anne Murphy, Matthew Taylor, Luisa Mestroni, Allison L Cirino, Lynn A Sleeper, Peter Jarolim, Begoña Lopez, Arantxa Gonzalez, Javier Diez, E John Orav, Carolyn Y Ho
Objective: Sarcomeric gene mutation carriers without overt left ventricular hypertrophy (G+/LVH-) can harbour subclinical changes in cardiovascular structure and function that precede the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We sought to investigate if circulating biomarkers of cardiovascular stress and collagen metabolism among G+/LVH- individuals, measured at rest and following exercise provocation, yield further insights into the underlying biology of HCM. Methods: We studied 76 individuals with overt HCM, 50 G+/LVH- individuals and 41 genotype-negative related controls enrolled in a cross-sectional, multicentre observational study (HCMNet)...
2017: Open Heart
keyword
keyword
87319
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"