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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334690/intestinal-metabolism-of-polygonum-cuspidatum-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#1
Jinfeng Fu, Songyan Wu, Min Wang, Yuan Tian, Zunjian Zhang, Rui Song
Rhizoma et Radix Polygoni Cuspidati (RRPC) is commonly prescribed for the treatments of amenorrhea, arthralgia, jaundice and abscess in traditional Chinese medicine. Previous pharmacological studies have indicated that polyphenols are the main pharmacological active ingredients in RRPC. Meanwhile, the poor bioavailability of polyphenols in RRPC implies that those components are probably metabolized by intestinal bacteria before absorption. However, there is rather limited information about RRPC's metabolites produced by intestinal bacteria and the intestinal absorbed constituents...
January 15, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318829/-key-points-of-poverty-alleviation-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-industry-and-classification-of-recommended-chinese-herbal-medicines
#2
Lu-Qi Huang, Gang-Qiang Su, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Xiao-Ming Sun, Xiao-Jun Wu, Lan-Ping Guo, Meng Li, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing
To build a well-off society in an all-round way, eliminate poverty, improve people's livelihood and improve the level of social and economic development in poverty-stricken areas is the frontier issues of the government and science and technology workers at all levels. Chinese herbal medicine is the strategic resource of the people's livelihood, Chinese herbal medicine cultivation is an important part of China's rural poor population income. As most of the production of Chinese herbal medicine by the biological characteristics of their own and the interaction of natural ecological environment factors, showing a strong regional character...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297056/comparing-the-minimum-spatial-frequency-content-for-recognizing-chinese-and-alphabet-characters
#3
Hui Wang, Gordon E Legge
Visual blur is a common problem that causes difficulty in pattern recognition for normally sighted people under degraded viewing conditions (e.g., near the acuity limit, when defocused, or in fog) and also for people with impaired vision. For reliable identification, the spatial frequency content of an object needs to extend up to or exceed a minimum value in units of cycles per object, referred to as the critical spatial frequency. In this study, we investigated the critical spatial frequency for alphabet and Chinese characters, and examined the effect of pattern complexity...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274581/the-visual-attention-span-deficit-in-chinese-children-with-reading-fluency-difficulty
#4
Jing Zhao, Menglian Liu, Hanlong Liu, Chen Huang
With reading development, some children fail to learn to read fluently. However, reading fluency difficulty (RFD) has not been fully investigated. The present study explored the underlying mechanism of RFD from the aspect of visual attention span. Fourteen Chinese children with RFD and fourteen age-matched normal readers participated. The visual 1-back task was adopted to examine visual attention span. Reaction time and accuracy were recorded, and relevant d-prime (d') scores were computed. Results showed that children with RFD exhibited lower accuracy and lower d' values than the controls did in the visual 1-back task, revealing a visual attention span deficit...
December 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245743/two-new-species-of-the-genus-i-thalassaphorura-i-bagnall-1949-collembola-onychiuridae-from-south-china-with-an-updated-key-to-world-species-of-the-genus
#5
Xin Sun, Anne Bedos, Louis Deharveng
Two new onychiurid species, Thalassaphorura microspinata sp. nov. and T. guangxiensis sp. nov., are reported from the karsts of south China (Guangxi). T. microspinata sp. nov. is similar to T. grandis Sun, Chen & Deharveng, 2010 in having the same dorsal and ventral pso formula, number of pseudocelli on subcoxae 1, number of chaetae in the distal whorl of tibiotarsi and number of p-chaetae between inner posterior pso on head; but it can be recognized by the smaller body size, shorter AS, 5 chaetae on baso-lateral part of labium, distinguishable S-chaetae and absence of chaetae on Th...
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245540/taxonomic-review-of-the-oriental-flower-beetle-i-coilodera-i-i-penicillata-i-species-complex-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-cetoniinae
#6
Jian-Yue Qiu, Hao Xu, L I Chen
The taxonomy of the Coilodera penicillata Hope, 1831 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae) species complex, which is recognized by the black body and elytra with larger tomentose maculae, is revised. Six Indochinese species assigned to this complex, including C. grandimaculata new species from Tibet, China. Coilodera nigroscutellaris Moser, 1902 revised status and C. formosana Moser, 1910 revised status formerly treated as two subspecies of C. penicillata Hope, 1831 are elevated to species rank. The distribution of C...
November 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243380/neurolinguistic-studies-of-reading-in-chinese
#7
REVIEW
Ovid J L Tzeng, Chia Ying Lee, Jun Ren Lee, Denise H Wu, Rose R-W Lee, Daisy L Hung
Using the Chinese writing system, which is unique with respect to the composition of each character in terms of its graphic shape, as an example, this chapter addresses the neurobiological underpinnings of reading and writing and how these brain circuits are used in different languages.
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235273/-current-status-and-challenging-of-direct-target-study-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-complex-system-based-on-solid-coupling-beads
#8
Ke-Wu Zeng, Peng-Fei Tu
Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a complex system with multiple chemical compositions. The most significant character of TCM is that the chemical compositions interact with each other by multi-target synergism to treat diseases. Previous reports mainly focused on the investigation of single signaling pathway detection or the phenotypic analysis of proteomics difference; however, no studies have been conducted on the identification of direct targets of TCM. Therefore, it is difficult to analyze the molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine from the target source, and it is difficult to explain its traditional efficacy scientifically, thus seriously affecting its clinical application and internationalization...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231504/-explanation-on-acupoint-intention
#9
Feng Shen
The spiritual qi "circulating" "exiting and entering", and "nothing relevant with skin, flesh, tendon and bone" are the clues to understand the original intention of acupoint recorded in Lingshu (Miraculous Pivota). In the paper, regarding the interpretation of these words and phrases in Shuowen Jiezi (Origin of Chinese Characters), in combination with TCM theory, the connotations of acupoint are summarized in 4 aspects, including the essential characteristics of the changes in the antipathogenic qi, functional property of pathway communication, the clinical features of diagnosis and treatment and the three-dimensional structural characteristics...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218931/-research-progress-in-phytoestrogens-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Yuan Zhao, Hong-Xia Zheng, Ying Xu, Na Lin
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived compounds, which have a similarity in structure with human endogenous estrogen 17-β-estradiol. Structural likeness enables phytoestrogens to interact with estrogen receptors, not simply mimicking the effects of human steroidal estrogen but also exhibiting similar and divergent actions. The global literature relating to phytoestrogen in recent years was systematically summarized in this paper. Chemical compositions of phytoestrogens were mainly flavonoids, coumarins, lignans, terpenoids, steroids, etc...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197118/reducing-the-stigma-associated-with-anorexia-nervosa-an-evaluation-of-a-social-consensus-intervention-among-australian-and-chinese-young-women
#11
Yuwen Yan, Elizabeth Rieger, Yiyun Shou
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effectiveness of a social consensus intervention in reducing stigma toward individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) among women from Australia and mainland China. Moreover, the different predictions of informational/normative social influence theory and the social identity approach in terms of the effectiveness of the social consensus intervention were investigated. METHOD: Participants were female students from the Australian National University (n = 97) and Central China Normal University (n = 76) who reported their levels of stigma toward a fictional character with AN before and after receiving normative information regarding the attitudes of others toward people with AN...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194453/neural-correlates-of-processing-sentences-and-compound-words-in-chinese
#12
Talat Bulut, Yi-Hui Hung, Ovid Tzeng, Denise H Wu
Sentence reading involves multiple linguistic operations including processing of lexical and compositional semantics, and determining structural and grammatical relationships among words. Previous studies on Indo-European languages have associated left anterior temporal lobe (aTL) and left interior frontal gyrus (IFG) with reading sentences compared to reading unstructured word lists. To examine whether these brain regions are also involved in reading a typologically distinct language with limited morphosyntax and lack of agreement between sentential arguments, an FMRI study was conducted to compare passive reading of Chinese sentences, unstructured word lists and disconnected character lists that are created by only changing the order of an identical set of characters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192458/-exploring-the-clinical-characters-of-shugan-jieyu-capsule-through-text-mining
#13
Zheng-Ping Pu, Jiang-Ming Xia, Wei Xie, Jin-Cai He
The study was main to explore the clinical characters of Shugan Jieyu capsule through text mining. The data sets of Shugan Jieyu capsule were downloaded from CMCC database by the method of literature retrieved from May 2009 to Jan 2016. Rules of Chinese medical patterns, diseases, symptoms and combination treatment were mined out by data slicing algorithm, and they were demonstrated in frequency tables and two dimension based network. Then totally 190 literature were recruited. The outcomess suggested that SC was most frequently correlated with liver Qi stagnation...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184525/decomposing-a-chunk-into-its-elements-and-reorganizing-them-as-a-new-chunk-the-two-different-sub-processes-underlying-insightful-chunk-decomposition
#14
Xiaofei Wu, Mei He, Yinglu Zhou, Jing Xiao, Jing Luo
Familiar chunks can be processed highly efficiently, and this automatic process can prohibit the problem solver from developing novel and original ways to creatively solve difficult problems. For this reason, the role of the reverse process, chunk decomposition (CD), the process by which familiar patterns are broken down into their component elements in order to be regrouped in another meaningful manner, has been generally recognized as part of the creative process. However, previous studies on this issue have mainly focused on the decomposition process of CD (the D-process), while the reorganization process of CD has been greatly neglected or has not been distinctively identified in previous work...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184515/the-influence-of-empathy-and-morality-of-violent-video-game-characters-on-gamers-aggression
#15
Xuemei Gao, Lei Weng, Yuhong Zhou, Hongling Yu
According to the General Aggression Model, situational factors (such as the game characters) and personal factors both affect a gamer's acquisition of aggressive behavior. Previous studies have found not only that the surface features of game characters, such as appearance and clothing, but also that their inherent characteristics, such as morality and identity, can influence a gamer's attitude and behavior. Research has also shown that empathy, as a personal factor, can protect gamers from the impact of media violence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163285/effects-of-phonological-training-on-the-reading-and-reading-related-abilities-of-hong-kong-children-with-dyslexia
#16
Li-Chih Wang
This study aimed to investigate phonological awareness training by examining outcomes among Chinese children who learn Chinese without phonetic system training. Fifty-six Hong Kong children from the 3rd to 6th grades were recruited. Two-thirds of the children had been officially identified as dyslexic by the local government, and the remainder were considered high risk for dyslexia. The children were divided equally into a control group and an experimental group, with the groups matched as closely as possible by age and gender...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162521/intrinsic-insula-network-engagement-underlying-children-s-reading-and-arithmetic-skills
#17
Ting-Ting Chang, Pei-Hong Lee, Arron W S Metcalfe
The neural substrates of children's reading and arithmetic skills have long been of great interest to cognitive neuroscientists. However, most previous studies have focused on the contrast between these skills as specific domains. Here, we investigate the potentially shared processes across these domains by focusing on how the neural circuits associated with cognitive control influence reading and arithmetic proficiency in 8-to-10-year-old children. Using a task-free resting state approach, we correlated the intrinsic functional connectivity of the right anterior insula (rAI) network with performance on assessments of Chinese character recognition, reading comprehension, subtraction, and multiplication performance...
November 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159990/context-effects-and-spoken-word-recognition-of-chinese-an-eye-tracking-study
#18
Michael C W Yip, Mingjun Zhai
This study examined the time-course of context effects on spoken word recognition during Chinese sentence processing. We recruited 60 native Mandarin listeners to participate in an eye-tracking experiment. In this eye-tracking experiment, listeners were told to listen to a sentence carefully, which ended with a Chinese homophone, and look at different visual probes (Chinese characters or different line-drawing pictures) presented concurrently on the computer screen naturally. Different types of context and probe types were manipulated in the experiment...
November 20, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158929/a-case-report-of-isolated-bilateral-cerebral-peduncular-infarction
#19
Chenguang Zhou, Yuanhong He, Xiaorui Tian, Zhiwen Chao, Yinghui Zhu, Du Cheng, Kui Li
Isolated bilateral cerebral peduncular infarctions (BCPI) presenting as acute pseudobulbar palsy are rarely reported and, to the best of our knowledge, most of the previous reports of BCPI were related to locked-in syndrome and disturbance of consciousness. Herein, we described a case of a 55-year-old man who presented with acute pseudobulbar palsy and mild tetraparesis, but preserved eye movements, with no consciousness disturbance. DWI revealed an acute infarction involving the central portion of the cerebral peduncle with a characteristic "traditional Chinese eight character" sign...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150618/lexical-processing-of-chinese-sub-character-components-semantic-activation-of-phonetic-radicals-as-revealed-by-the-stroop-effect
#20
Su-Ling Yeh, Wei-Lun Chou, Pokuan Ho
Most Chinese characters are compounds consisting of a semantic radical indicating semantic category and a phonetic radical cuing the pronunciation of the character. Controversy surrounds whether radicals also go through the same lexical processing as characters and, critically, whether phonetic radicals involve semantic activation since they can also be characters when standing alone. Here we examined these issues using the Stroop task whereby participants responded to the ink color of the character. The key finding was that Stroop effects were found when the character itself had a meaning unrelated to color, but contained a color name phonetic radical (e...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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