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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899121/meta-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-of-sfts-patients-in-china
#1
Miao-Miao Liu, Xiao-Ying Lei, Xue-Jie Yu
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia, which is caused by a novel bunyavirus-SFTSV. Many studies have reported the clinical characters of SFTS patients, but the reports were not consistent and a systematic summary of clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters are not available. METHOD: A comprehensive literature research of Web of Science, PubMed, Wan Fang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was conducted on articles which have described the clinical characters of SFTS patients...
November 29, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877008/detection-of-alk-translocation-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-nsclc-and-its-clinicopathological-significance-using-the-ventana-immunohistochemical-staining-method-a-single-center-large-scale-investigation-of-1-504-chinese-han-patients
#2
Lin Yang, Yun Ling, Lei Guo, Di Ma, Xuemin Xue, Bingning Wang, Junling Li, Jianming Ying
OBJECTIVE: The novel fully automated immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay-Ventana anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-D5F3 for screening ALK rearrangements has been approved by China's Food and Drug Administration in 2013, our previous study disclosed a highly specificity and sensitivity nearly 100%, and its efficacy needs to be evaluated in a large cohort of primary lung adenocarcinoma patients, and to compare clinicopathological features with ALK (+) and ALK (-) lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A total of 1,504 consecutive surgical lung adenocarcinoma cases of Chinese Han population were collected and re-diagnosed according to the 2011 multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma...
October 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876850/dna-barcoding-of-mobulid-ray-gill-rakers-for-implementing-cites-on-elasmobranch-in-china
#3
Yan Zeng, Zhongze Wu, Chunguang Zhang, Zhibin Meng, Zhigang Jiang, Jie Zhang
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been counted on for conserving threatened marine fish since it regulates the commercial international trade of these species. Implementation of the international treaty for Mantas included on CITES Appendix II is challenging due to insufficient information on species identification and markets management. To fill the gap in such aspects, we identified five species of Mobulid rays (Mobula spps. and Manta spp) by using COI and NADH2 mtDNA markers in dried ray gill rakers from Chinese markets, namely, Mobula japonica (representing 54...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870903/rdna-loci-evolution-in-the-genus-glechoma-lamiaceae
#4
Tae-Soo Jang, Jamie McCann, John S Parker, Koji Takayama, Suk-Pyo Hong, Gerald M Schneeweiss, Hanna Weiss-Schneeweiss
Glechoma L. (Lamiaceae) is distributed in eastern Asia and Europe. Understanding chromosome evolution in Glechoma has been strongly hampered by its small chromosomes, constant karyotype and polyploidy. Here phylogenetic patterns and chromosomal variation in Glechoma species are considered, using genome sizes, chromosome mapping of 5S and 35S rDNAs by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), and phylogenetic analyses of internal transcribed spacers (nrITS) of 35S rDNA and 5S rDNA NTS sequences. Species and populations of Glechoma are tetraploid (2n = 36) with base chromosome number of x = 9...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869538/stigma-receptivity-over-the-lifetime-of-the-hermaphroditic-flower-of-elsholtzia-rugulosa-was-negatively-correlated-with-pollen-viability
#5
Xin-Min Zhang, Lorne M Wolfe
Dichogamy is generally thought to be a mechanism that prevents self-fertilization in flowering plants. This study aims to investigate the relationships between floral age and stigma receptivity, style length and pollen viability, and define how floral characters avoid self-pollination in a gynodioecious Chinese plant, Elsholtzia rugulosa. We assessed the relationships between flower age and style length, stigma receptivity, and pollen viability in E. rugulosa. This species produces two forms with plants bearing either hermaphrodite flowers (H) or female flowers (F)...
November 21, 2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853549/two-species-of-southeast-asian-cats-in-the-genus-catopuma-with-diverging-histories-an-island-endemic-forest-specialist-and-a-widespread-habitat-generalist
#6
Riddhi P Patel, Daniel W Förster, Andrew C Kitchener, Mark D Rayan, Shariff W Mohamed, Laura Werner, Dorina Lenz, Hans Pfestorf, Stephanie Kramer-Schadt, Viktoriia Radchuk, Jörns Fickel, Andreas Wilting
Background. The bay cat Catopuma badia is endemic to Borneo, whereas its sister species the Asian golden cat Catopuma temminckii is distributed from the Himalayas and southern China through Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. Based on morphological data, up to five subspecies of the Asian golden cat have been recognized, but a taxonomic assessment, including molecular data and morphological characters, is still lacking. Results. We combined molecular data (whole mitochondrial genomes), morphological data (pelage) and species distribution projections (up to the Late Pleistocene) to infer how environmental changes may have influenced the distribution of these sister species over the past 120 000 years...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847584/character-decomposition-and-transposition-of-chinese-compound-words-in-the-right-and-left-visual-fields
#7
Hong-Wen Cao, Kai-Fu Yang, Hong-Mei Yan
This study investigated the character decomposition and transposition processes of Chinese two-character compound words (canonical and transposed words) and pseudowords in the right and left visual fields using a dual-target rapid serial visual presentation paradigm. The results confirmed a right visual field superiority for canonical words, but this advantage vanished for transposed words. The findings further indicated that the same quality of lexical processing could be obtained from the foveal and parafoveal regions of the right and left visual fields, regardless of the character order, but not in the periphery of the right visual field...
November 2016: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846917/morphological-awareness-as-a-function-of-semantics-phonology-and-orthography-and-as-a-predictor-of-reading-comprehension-in-chinese
#8
Hong Li, Vedran Dronjic, X I Chen, Yixun Li, Yahua Cheng, Xinchun Wu
This study investigates the contributions of semantic, phonological, and orthographic factors to morphological awareness of 413 Chinese-speaking students in Grades 2, 4, and 6, and its relationship with reading comprehension. Participants were orally presented with pairs of bimorphemic compounds and asked to judge whether the first morphemes of the words shared a meaning. Morpheme identity (same or different), whole-word semantic relatedness (high or low), orthography (same or different), and phonology (same or different) were manipulated...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818392/transcultural-adhd-and-bioethics-reformulating-a-doubly-dichotomized-debate
#9
Neil Pickering, Jing-Bao Nie
A double dichotomization, of biology and culture, and of cultures (the difference presumption), is to be found in debates about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in cross-cultural psychiatric and bioethics literature. The double dichotomy takes biology to explain cross-cultural similarities and culture to explain inter-cultural differences. In this paper, the double dichotomy is explored in debates on the significance of the worldwide prevalence of ADHD, and on the cogency of cross-cultural diagnosis of ADHD in the central character of Chinese classic novel The Dream of the Red Chamber...
2016: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781139/mandarin-functional-mri-language-paradigms
#10
He Ci, Andre van Graan, Gloria Gonzálvez, Pamela Thompson, Andrea Hill, John S Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to implement convenient, fast, and accurate Mandarin task paradigms for functional MRI, and to locate the Chinese language functional areas in frontal and temporal lobes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen healthy Chinese volunteers participated in this study, which utilized a block design with four language tasks: auditory naming (AN), picture naming (PN), verbal fluency-character (VFC), and verbal fluency-letter (VFL). All functional images were preprocessed by SPM 8, followed by first- and second-level analyses and lateralization index calculation...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777136/sex-differences-of-hemispheric-lateralization-for-faces-and-chinese-characters-in-early-perceptual-processing
#11
Lihong Ji, Xiaohua Cao, Baihua Xu
Previous event-related potential studies showed that the N170 response is left-lateralized for words and right-lateralized for faces. Using a one-back repetition task, this study aimed to clarify sex differences in hemispheric specialization for both faces and words in early visual processing. We found that the N170 amplitude elicited by faces in males was right-lateralized, while in females it was bilateral. Interestingly, the N170 amplitude elicited by Chinese characters in males was bilateral, whereas in females it was left-lateralized...
December 2, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751415/validation-of-the-traditional-chinese-version-of-the-prolapse-quality-of-life-questionnaire-p-qol-in-a-mandarin-speaking-taiwanese-population
#12
Fei-Chi Chuang, Li-Ching Chu, Fu-Tsai Kung, Kuan-Hui Huang
OBJECTIVE: To validate the traditional Chinese translated version of the prolapse quality of life questionnaire (P-QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The P-QOL questionnaire was translated into traditional Chinese characters and administered to women recruited from gynecologic outpatient clinics of Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. After the test-retest reliability and internal consistency were established in a pilot study, all participants completed the P-QOL questionnaire and were examined in the lithotomy position using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System (POP-Q)...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734329/the-chinese-lexicon-project-a-megastudy-of-lexical-decision-performance-for-25-000-traditional-chinese-two-character-compound-words
#13
Chi-Shing Tse, Melvin J Yap, Yuen-Lai Chan, Wei Ping Sze, Cyrus Shaoul, Dan Lin
Using a megastudy approach, we developed a database of lexical variables and lexical decision reaction times and accuracy rates for more than 25,000 traditional Chinese two-character compound words. Each word was responded to by about 33 native Cantonese speakers in Hong Kong. This resource provides a valuable adjunct to influential mega-databases, such as the Chinese single-character, English, French, and Dutch Lexicon Projects. Three analyses were conducted to illustrate the potential uses of the database...
October 12, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721102/exploring-orthographic-neighborhood-size-effects-in-a-computational-model-of-chinese-character-naming
#14
Ya-Ning Chang, Stephen Welbourne, Chia-Ying Lee
Orthographic neighborhood (N) size effects have been extensively studied in English consistently producing a facilitatory effect in word naming tasks. In contrast, several recent studies on Chinese character naming have demonstrated an inhibitory effect of neighborhood size. Response latencies tend to be inhibited by inconsistent characters with large neighborhoods relative to small neighborhoods. These differences in neighborhood effects between languages may depend on the characteristics (depth) of the mapping between orthography and phonology...
October 6, 2016: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720998/is-creative-insight-task-specific-a-coordinate-based-meta-analysis-of-neuroimaging-studies-on-insightful-problem-solving
#15
Wangbing Shen, Yuan Yuan, Chang Liu, Xiaojiang Zhang, Jing Luo, Zhe Gong
The question of whether creative insight varies across problem types has recently come to the forefront of studies of creative cognition. In the present study, to address the nature of creative insight, the coordinate-based activation likelihood estimation (ALE) technique was utilized to individually conduct three quantitative meta-analyses of neuroimaging experiments that used the compound remote associate (CRA) task, the prototype heuristic (PH) task and the Chinese character chunk decomposition (CCD) task...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706748/classification-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-chinese-hawthorn-assessed-by-plant-and-pollen-morphology
#16
S L Y Ma, Y M Lu
The Chinese hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N.E.Br.) is uniquely originated in northern China. The ecological and horticultural importance of Chinese hawthorn is considerable and some varieties are valued for their fruit or medicine extracts. Its taxonomy and phylogeny remain poorly understood. Apart from general plant morphological traits, pollen is an important trait for the classification of plants and their evolutionary origin. However, few studies have investigated the pollen of Chinese hawthorn...
September 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706234/optimizing-the-learning-order-of-chinese-characters-using-a-novel-topological-sort-algorithm
#17
James C Loach, Jinzhao Wang
We present a novel algorithm for optimizing the order in which Chinese characters are learned, one that incorporates the benefits of learning them in order of usage frequency and in order of their hierarchal structural relationships. We show that our work outperforms previously published orders and algorithms. Our algorithm is applicable to any scheduling task where nodes have intrinsic differences in importance and must be visited in topological order.
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702666/identification-and-characterization-of-naturally-occurring-inhibitors-against-human-carboxylesterase-2-in-white-mulberry-root-bark
#18
Ya-Jing Liu, Shi-Yang Li, Jie Hou, Yan-Fang Liu, Dan-Dan Wang, Yong-Shan Jiang, Guang-Bo Ge, Xin-Miao Liang, Ling Yang
White Mulberry Root-bark (WMR) is an edible Chinese herbal used for the treatment of inflammation, nephritis and asthma. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of ethanol extract from WMR against human carboxylesterase 2 (hCE2), as well as to identity and character natural hCE2 inhibitors in this herbal. Our results demonstrated that the ethanol extract of WMR displayed potent inhibitory effects against hCE2, while three major bioactive constitutes in WMR were identified on the basis of LC fingerprinting combined with activity-based screening of LC fractions...
October 1, 2016: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701283/a-remarkable-new-species-of-winter-stonefly-plecoptera-capniidae-from-southeastern-china
#19
Yu-Zhou Du, Zhi-Teng Chen
A new species of the genus Capnia s.l., C. zijinshana Du & Chen, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Jiangsu Province, of southeastern China. The new species is distinguished from other known Chinese capniid species by the unique thoracic sclerites and genitalic characters.
September 22, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684956/the-snarc-effect-in-chinese-numerals-do-visual-properties-of-characters-and-hand-signs-influence-number-processing
#20
Karl K Kopiske, Christian Löwenkamp, Owino Eloka, Florian Schiller, Chung-Shan Kao, Chaohua Wu, Xiaorong Gao, Volker H Franz
The SNARC effect refers to an association of numbers and spatial properties of responses that is commonly thought to be amodal and independent of stimulus notation. We tested for a horizontal SNARC effect using Arabic digits, simple-form Chinese characters and Chinese hand signs in participants from Mainland China. We found a horizontal SNARC effect in all notations. This is the first time that a horizontal SNARC effect has been demonstrated in Chinese characters and Chinese hand signs. We tested for the SNARC effect in two experiments (parity judgement and magnitude judgement)...
2016: PloS One
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