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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#1
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645236/a-quantitative-study-of-empathy-in-pakistani-medical-students-a-multicentered-approach
#2
Nabia Tariq, Tariq Rasheed, Mohsen Tavakol
OBJECTIVE: To examine the empathy level of undergraduate medical students in Pakistan. Three hypotheses are developed based on the literature review. (1) Female medical students have a higher level of empathy than do male students. (2) Empathy scores vary during the medical school years in Pakistani students. (3) Medical students interested in people-oriented specialties would score higher than the students interested in technology-oriented specialties. METHODS: This is a quantitative inquiry approach using a cross-sectional design of 1453 students from 8 Pakistani medical schools, both private and state...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643607/diabetes-self-management-training-in-a-virtual-environment
#3
Louise Reagan, Katherine Pereira, Vanessa Jefferson, Kathryn Evans Kreider, Susan Totten, Gail D'Eramo Melkus, Constance Johnson, Allison Vorderstrasse
Diabetes self-management training (DSMT) improves diabetes health outcomes. However, low numbers of patients receive DSMT. Using virtual environments (VEs) for DSMT is an innovative approach to removing barriers for patients. The purpose of this paper is to describe the experience of health professionals and diabetes educators establishing and teaching DSMT in a VE, Diabetes LIVE© (Learning in Virtual Environments), and the implications for future use of VEs in DSMT. It was found that providing DSMT in a VE preserves real-time interaction between patients and educators...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641608/hospital-based-health-technology-assessment-in-brazil-an-overview-of-the-initial-experiences
#4
Claudia Cristina de Aguiar Pereira, Renata Dos Santos Rabello, Flávia Tavares Silva Elias
OBJECTIVES: Hospital-based health technology assessment (HTA) has become increasingly important in Brazil due to its strategic importance to promote adoption, incorporation, dissemination, and disinvestment of technologies. A strategy to foster hospital-based HTA was implemented in 2009 by creating hospital-based HTA nuclei (NATS) at university hospitals and other strategic hospitals. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2012, we interviewed board members in twenty-three NATS located in all geographic regions of Brazil to assess their general characteristics, scientific output, and challenges...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638719/abnormal-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-and-functional-connectivity-of-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-leukoaraiosis
#5
Rongchuan Cheng, Honglin Qi, Yong Liu, Shifu Zhao, Chuanming Li, Chen Liu, Jian Zheng
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the cerebral function deficits in patients with leukoaraiosis (LA) and the correlation with white matter hyperintensity (WMH) using functional MRI (fMRI) technology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with LA and 30 volunteers were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent structural MRI and resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) scanning. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) of rs-fMRI signals for the two groups was compared using two-sample t tests...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638200/brain-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-concentration-of-the-prefrontal-lobe-in-unmedicated-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-research-of-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#6
Zongfeng Zhang, Qing Fan, Yanle Bai, Zhen Wang, Haiyin Zhang, Zeping Xiao
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a large number of neuroimaging studies found that the Cortico-Striato- Thalamo-Cortical circuit (CSTC), including the prefrontal lobe, a significant part of CSTC, has disturbance metabolically in patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). AIM: Explore the correlation between the neuro-metabolic features and clinical characteristics of OCD patients using magnetic resonance spectroscopy technology. METHODS: 88 patients with OCD who were not received medication and outpatient treatment for 8 weeks and 76 health controls were enrolled, there was no significant difference in gender, age or education level between the two groups...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637947/neurosurgical-virtual-reality-simulation-for-brain-tumor-using-high-definition-computer-graphics-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Taichi Kin, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Naoyuki Shono, Seiji Nomura, Toki Saito, Hiroshi Oyama, Nobuhito Saito
Simulation and planning of surgery using a virtual reality model is becoming common with advances in computer technology. In this study, we conducted a literature search to find trends in virtual simulation of surgery for brain tumors. A MEDLINE search for "neurosurgery AND (simulation OR virtual reality)" retrieved a total of 1,298 articles published in the past 10 years. After eliminating studies designed solely for education and training purposes, 28 articles about the clinical application remained. The finding that the vast majority of the articles were about education and training rather than clinical applications suggests that several issues need be addressed for clinical application of surgical simulation...
June 22, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637740/tablet-computers-versus-optical-aids-to-support-education-and-learning-in-children-and-young-people-with-low-vision-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-create-children-reading-with-electronic-assistance-to-educate
#8
Michael D Crossland, Rachel Thomas, Hilary Unwin, Seelam Bharani, Vijaya K Gothwal, Ana Quartilho, Catey Bunce, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
INTRODUCTION: Low vision and blindness adversely affect education and independence of children and young people. New 'assistive' technologies such as tablet computers can display text in enlarged font, read text out to the user, allow speech input and conversion into typed text, offer document and spreadsheet processing and give access to wide sources of information such as the internet. Research on these devices in low vision has been limited to case series. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility of a full RCT of assistive technologies for children/young people with low vision...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637638/the-gap-in-medical-informatics-and-continuing-education-between-the-united-states-and-china-a-comparison-of-conferences-in-2016
#9
Jun Liang, Kunyan Wei, Qun Meng, Zhenying Chen, Jiajie Zhang, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND: China launched its second health reform in 2010 with considerable investments in medical informatics (MI). However, to the best of our knowledge, research on the outcomes of this ambitious undertaking has been limited. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to understand the development of MI and the state of continuing education in China and the United States from the perspective of conferences. METHODS: We conducted a quantitative and qualitative analysis of four MI conferences in China and two in the United States: China Medical Information Association Annual Symposium (CMIAAS), China Hospital Information Network Annual Conference (CHINC), China Health Information Technology Exchange Annual Conference (CHITEC), China Annual Proceeding of Medical Informatics (CPMI) versus the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) and Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#10
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636770/a-technology-training-protocol-for-meeting-qsen-goals-focusing-on-meaningful-learning
#11
Shuhong Luo, Melanie Kalman
The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss how we designed and developed a 12-step technology training protocol. The protocol is meant to improve meaningful learning in technology education so that nursing students are able to meet the informatics requirements of Quality and Safety Education in Nursing competencies. When designing and developing the training protocol, we used a simplified experiential learning model that addressed the core features of meaningful learning: to connect new knowledge with students' prior knowledge and real-world workflow...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636581/the-psylog-mobile-application-development-of-a-tool-for-the-assessment-and-monitoring-of-side-effects-of-psychotropic-medication
#12
Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Olivier Andlauer, Kai Burmeister, Boris Dvoracek, Rebekka Lencer, Katja Koelkebeck, Alexander Nawka, Florian Riese
Mobile health interventions are regarded as affordable and accessible tools that can enhance standard psychiatric care. As part of the mHealth Psycho-Educational Intervention Versus Antipsychotic-Induced Side Effects (mPIVAS) project (www.psylog.eu), we developed the mobile application "PsyLOG" based on mobile "smartphone" technology to monitor antipsychotic-induced side effects. The aim of this paper is to describe the rationale and development of the PsyLOG and its clinical use. The PsyLOG application runs on smartphones with Android operating system...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635528/clinical-social-and-ethical-issues-associated-with-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-aneuploidy
#13
Blanche Griffin, Samantha Edwards, Lyn S Chitty, Celine Lewis
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), based on analysis of cell-free foetal DNA, is rapidly becoming a preferred method to screen for chromosomal aneuploidy with the technology now available in over 90 countries. This review provides an up-to-date discussion of the key clinical, social and ethical implications associated with this revolutionary technology. Stakeholders are positive about a test that is highly accurate, safe, can be perfomed early in pregnancy, identifies affected pregnancies that might otherwise have been missed and reduces the need for invasive testing...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635408/assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-the-iranian-community-attitude-towards-infertility
#14
Aliyar Ahmadi, Sara Bamdad
Since the late 1990s, assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have been legitimized in Iran through an official religious endorsement. Iran, under the dominant authority of the Shia sect, is now the most enthusiastic adopter of ARTs in the Muslim world, permitting all forms of treatments, including third party donation. This study examined the public perception of assisted conception and its influence on the adoption of these methods in Iran. The study was questionnaire-based and conducted in 2012 in Shiraz, the most populated city in the south of Iran...
February 7, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#15
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632018/exploring-the-learnability-and-usability-of-a-near-field-communication-based-application-for-semantic-enrichment-in-children-with-language-disorders
#16
Maria Luisa Lorusso, Emilia Biffi, Massimo Molteni, Gianluigi Reni
Recently, a few software applications (apps) have been developed to enhance vocabulary and conceptual networks to address the needs of children with language impairments (LI), but there is no evidence about their impact and their usability in therapy contexts. Here, we try to fill this gap presenting a system aimed at improving the semantic competence and the structural knowledge of children with LI. The goal of the study is to evaluate learnability, usability, user satisfaction and quality of the interaction between the system and the children...
February 13, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632010/designing-a-national-longitudinal-faculty-development-curriculum-focused-on-educational-scholarship-process-outcomes-and-lessons-learned
#17
Latha Chandran, Maryellen E Gusic, J Lindsey Lane, Constance D Baldwin
PROBLEM: Clinical educators at U.S. academic health centers are frequently disadvantaged in the academic promotion system, lacking needed faculty development, mentoring, and networking support. INTERVENTION: In 2006, we implemented the national Educational Scholars Program to offer faculty development in educational scholarship for early career educators in pediatrics. We aimed to provide them with skills, experience, and initial success in educational scholarship and dissemination...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630958/a-questionnaire-on-the-use-of-digital-denture-impressions-in-a-preclinical-setting
#18
Kerstin Wegner, Karin Michel, Paul Henryk Seelbach, Bernd Wöstmann
Since February 2010, intraoral scanning (Lava COS system, 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany) has been integrated into the preclinical curriculum at the Department of Prosthodontics of the Justus Liebig University. All students were given a lecture and were trained using a guided scan exercise. After preparing three teeth (mandibular first premolars and mandibular first molar in the 4th quadrant) for cast crowns, the students were asked to scan the maxillary and mandibular teeth. Their acceptance of the new module, "Scanning," was analyzed with the use of a questionnaire (n = 108)...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630651/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#19
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
Introduction: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#20
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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