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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222478/-possible-significance-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-cytology-at-initial-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-lung-cancer
#1
A Grünewaldt, C Hügel, E Hermann, T O F Wagner
Bronchoalveolar lavage [BAL] is an important procedure in the diagnosis of a variety of lung diseases. While it has enormous value in the diagnostics of inflammatory parenchymal diseases, its significance in lung cancer is unclear. Keeping in mind that immune therapy (e. g. application of checkpoint inhibitors) is gaining importance in the management of lung carcinoma, it is important to know if there are typical cellular patterns in BAL of lung cancer patients. Methods In a retrospective proof of principle-study, we analyzed 38 patients who underwent BAL at the initial diagnosis of lung cancer...
February 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222345/dc-eeg-recordings-of-mindfulness
#2
Ernst Rodin, Harald Bornfleth, Michael Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency spectrum of the normal waking human eyes-closed EEG while concentrating on a mental task. METHODS: Ten adult normal volunteers listened to a CD encouraging mindfulness for one hour and five minutes while their EEG was recorded on a 128 channel DC based ANT system. The software package BESA Research version 6.1 was used for data analysis. The data were subjected to topographic display, frequency as well as independent component analysis...
January 26, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222181/correction-genomic-and-clinical-effects-associated-with-a-relaxation-response-mind-body-intervention-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Braden Kuo, Manoj Bhasin, Jolene Jacquart, Matthew A Scult, Lauren Slipp, Eric Isaac Kagan Riklin, Veronique Lepoutre, Nicole Comosa, Beth-Ann Norton, Allison Dassatti, Jessica Rosenblum, Andrea H Thurler, Brian C Surjanhata, Nicole N Hasheminejad, Leslee Kagan, Ellen Slawsby, Sowmya R Rao, Eric A Macklin, Gregory L Fricchione, Herbert Benson, Towia A Libermann, Joshua Korzenik, John W Denninger
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123861.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222137/correction-the-feasibility-and-impact-of-delivering-a-mind-body-intervention-in-a-virtual-world
#4
Daniel B Hoch, Alice J Watson, Deborah A Linton, Heather E Bello, Marco Senelly, Mariola T Milik, Margaret A Baim, Kamal Jethwani, Gregory L Fricchione, Herbert Benson, Joseph C Kvedar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033843.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221215/experiences-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-of-participating-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-study-while-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#5
Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Anne J Antonsen, Sveinung Berntsen, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are suggested to reduce the symptom burden and comorbidities in patients with breast cancer and as an empowerment tool. However, undergoing chemotherapy is associated with low compliance to lifestyle recommendations. Importantly, few studies have documented the experiences of patients with breast cancer of participating in a comprehensive lifestyle intervention study while undergoing curative chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with breast cancer of participating in an individualized comprehensive lifestyle intervention study focusing on diet, physical activity, mental stress management, and smoking cessation while undergoing curative chemotherapy...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221153/ultra-mini-pnl-ump-material-indications-technique-advantages-and-results
#6
Janak D Desai
Stone disease has afflicted mankind since centuries; records from ancient civilisations of India and Egypt have shown stones in human bodies. The scientific mind of humans has always made smart endeavours to remove the kidney stones. From large instruments made like the beaks of different animals and birds in 600 BC (Indian civilisation) to extremely sophisticated and miniaturised endoscopic intruments of today the human race has travelled a long way. The theme has always been to remove the stones with minimal morbidity and mortality and with minimum pain to the patient...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221090/no-support-for-the-claim-that-literary-fiction-uniquely-and-immediately-improves-theory-of-mind-a-reply-to-kidd-and-castano-s-commentary-on-panero-et-al-2016
#7
Maria Eugenia Panero, Deena Skolnick Weisberg, Jessica Black, Thalia R Goldstein, Jennifer L Barnes, Hiram Brownell, Ellen Winner
Kidd and Castano (in press) critique our failure to replicate Kidd and Castano (2013) on 3 grounds: failure to exclude people who did not read the texts, failure of random assignment, and failure to exclude people who did not take the Author Recognition Test (ART). This response addresses each of these critiques. Most importantly, we note that even when Kidd and Castano reanalyzed our data in the way that they argue is most appropriate, they still failed to replicate the pattern of results reported in their original study...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221089/panero-et-al-2016-failure-to-replicate-methods-caused-the-failure-to-replicate-results
#8
David Comer Kidd, Emanuele Castano
Contrary to Kidd and Castano (2013), Panero et al. (2016) fail to find that reading literary fiction improves performance on an advanced test of theory of mind (ToM), the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test. However, this commentary shows that the findings presented in Panero et al. (2016) are not reliable due to two striking threats to the internal validity of their studies that were not clearly disclosed or discussed in the manuscript or supplementary materials. First, no effective strategy was implemented to ensure that participants read their assigned texts, and examination of the data revealed many participants whose reading times indicate that they were not exposed to the manipulation...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#9
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220964/effects-of-mind-body-interventions-on-depressive-symptoms-among-older-chinese-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ai Bo, Weiyu Mao, Michael A Lindsey
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of mind-body interventions in depressive symptoms treatment among older Chinese adults (>60 years of age). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Chongqing VIP for eligible studies until September 2016. We reviewed randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy of mind-body interventions for depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#11
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220359/mothers-and-children-s-story-telling-a-study-of-dyads-with-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-asd
#12
Tiffany L Hutchins, Chelsea Deraway, Patricia Prelock, Ana O'Neill
The production of specific mental state terms types and functions by caregivers and their TD children and caregivers and their children with ASD were assessed in two contexts: a parent's story-telling task and a child's story-telling task. Caregivers of children with ASD produced less causal talk and proportionally less desire and cognitive talk than did caregivers of TD children. When focusing only on variation in our ASD sample, caregivers' and children's production of different mental state references varied with context and were predicted by different child characteristics (i...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220312/preventing-hiv-and-hepatitis-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-leveraging-an-indiana-outbreak-response-to-break-the-impasse
#13
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey S Crowley, Gregorio A Millett
Providing clean needles through syringe services programs (SSPs) prevents the spread of disease among people who inject drugs (PWID). The recent HIV outbreak in Scott County, Indiana was a wakeup call with particular significance because modeling suggests that Scott County is but one of many counties in the United States highly vulnerable to an HIV outbreak among PWID. It is a painful recognition that some policy makers ignored the evidence in support of SSPs when it was primarily blacks in inner cities that were affected, yet swung into action in the wake of Scott County where 99% of the cases were white...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220309/transseptal-suturing-technique-in-septoplasty-impact-on-bacteremia-and-nosocomial-colonization
#14
Onur Ismi, Cengiz Ozcan, Yusuf Vayısoğlu, Candan Öztürk, Sebahat Aslan Tek, Kemal Görür
Although effects of Merocel(®) nasal packs and silicone splints on nasal flora alterations and bacteremia formation after septoplasty were assessed before, the effect of transseptal suturing technique has not been studied yet. The objective of this study is to compare nasal flora alterations and bacteremia occurrence rates between Merocel packs, silicone splints, and transseptal suturing technique in septoplasty. Ninety patients were divided into three groups randomly: Merocel packing (Group M), silicone splint (Group S), and transseptal suturing without packing (Group T)...
February 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220288/social-cognition-according-to-cognitive-impairment-in-different-clinical-phenotypes-of-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Cecile Dulau, Mathilde Deloire, Helene Diaz, Aurore Saubusse, Julie Charre-Morin, Antoinette Prouteau, Bruno Brochet
The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between social cognition (SC) and cognitive impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). A prospective study was conducted in 60 PwMS, 30 with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 15 with secondary progressive MS (SPMS) and 15 with primary progressive MS (PPMS), and in healthy subjects (HS). All subjects were assessed by the Bordeaux Social Cognition Evaluation Protocol (PECS-B) (facial emotion recognition, theory of mind, emotional awareness and cognitive and affective alexithymia), by a large neuropsychological battery and by questionnaires (depression and anxiety)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220087/mental-state-understanding-in-children-with-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#16
Beatrix Lábadi, Anna M Beke
Impaired social functioning is a well-known outcome of individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Social deficits in nonliteral language comprehension, humor, social reasoning, and recognition of facial expression have all been documented in adults with agenesis of the corpus callosum. In the present study, we examined the emotional and mentalizing deficits that contributing to the social-cognitive development in children with isolated corpus callosum agenesia, including emotion recognition, theory of mind, executive function, working memory, and behavioral impairments as assessed by the parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219620/brain-structural-correlates-of-executive-and-social-cognition-profiles-in-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-and-elderly-bipolar-disorder
#17
Sandra Baez, Clara Pinasco, María Roca, Jesica Ferrari, Blas Couto, Indira García-Cordero, Agustín Ibañez, Francy Cruz, Pablo Reyes, Diana Matallana, Facundo Manes, Marcelo Cetcovich, Teresa Torralva
An early stage of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) often displays a mix of behavioral disturbances and personality changes hindering a differential diagnosis from elderly bipolar disorder (BD), making this process a big challenge. However, no studies have compared these pathologies from neuropsychological and neuroanatomical perspectives. The aim of the present study was to compare the executive functions (EF) and social cognition profiles as well as the structural neuroimaging of bvFTD and elderly patients with BD...
February 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219280/disability-diversity-and-autism-philosophical-perspectives-on-health
#18
Lidia Ripamonti
This paper aims to explore the connection between health and developmental disorders, particularly in regard to the notion of 'neurodiversity', which considers high-functioning autism not as a lifelong disability but a neurological form within a diversity of human minds. In recent years, autistic activist movements have called for a more positive, humanizing, identity-first language when describing this condition, rejecting negative language such as 'disorder', 'deficit', and 'impairment', and instead describing autism as a way of being, part of one's personal identity, which does not always need to be cured...
April 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219259/the-role-of-cognitive-load-in-intentional-forgetting-using-the-think-no-think-task
#19
Saima Noreen, Jan W de Fockert
We investigated the role of cognitive control in intentional forgetting by manipulating working memory load during the think/no-think task. In two experiments, participants learned a series of cue-target word pairs and were asked to recall the target words associated with some cues or to avoid thinking about the target associated with other cues. In addition to this, participants also performed a modified version of the n-back task which required them to respond to the identity of a single target letter present in the currently presented cue word (n = 0 condition, low working memory load), and in either the previous cue word (n = 1 condition, high working memory load, Experiment 1) or the cue word presented two trials previously (n = 2 condition, high working memory load, Experiment 2)...
January 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219091/-patrouille-des-glaciers-analysis-of-course-times
#20
Benedikt Andreas Gasser
Background Backcountry skiing has become more and more popular. The development of skis and equipment has been impressive and suggests that achieving a good performance level is much easier today than it was in the past. Taking the most popular backcountry skiing race in Switzerland, the "Patrouille des Glaciers (PDG)", we addressed the question as to whether this development has led to faster course times over the past ten years and what recommendations can be made for participants. Methods The average course times for the original course Zermatt - Arolla - Verbier were calculated over the past ten years for two cohorts (top-ten and median), separated by category...
February 20, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
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