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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102531/a-systems-dynamics-approach-to-the-efficacy-of-oxime-therapy-for-mild-exposure-to-sarin-gas
#2
Daniel J Droste, Michael L Shelley, Jeffery M Gearhart, David M Kempisty
The use of nerve agents such as sarin is as much a threat today as any other time in our history. The events in Syria in 2013 are proof of this. "The Obama administration asserted Sunday for the first time that the Syrian government used the nerve gas sarin to kill more than 1,400 people (August 21, 2013) in the world's gravest chemical weapons attack in 25 years." With these recent events clear in our mind, we must focus on the horrific nature of these chemical agents to devise a strategy that will enable first responders to counteract these insidious chemicals...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102241/microbiology-mind-the-gaps-in-cellular-evolution
#3
James O McInerney, Mary J O'Connell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102216/rna-binding-proteins-mind-the-gaps
#4
Martin Turner, Elisa Monzón-Casanova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#5
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101452/severe-hyperkalemia-following-blood-transfusions-is-there-a-link
#6
Christos V Rizos, Haralampos J Milionis, Moses S Elisaf
Patients with gastrointestinal bleeding often require large volume blood transfusion. Among the various side effects of blood transfusion, the increase of potassium levels is a serious one which is often overlooked. We report a case of severe hyperkalemia in a patient with gastric bleeding after large volume transfusion of packed red blood cells. The patient had hyperkalemia at baseline associated with his receiving medication as well as acute renal failure following hypovolemia. The baseline hyperkalemia was further aggravated after massive transfusions of packed red blood cells in a short period of time...
January 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101318/prevalence-and-correlates-of-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-among-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-attending-a-tertiary-psychiatric-facility-in-nigeria
#7
Nosa Godwin Igbinomwanhia, Sunday Osasu Olotu, Bawo Onesirosan James
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) among outpatients with schizophrenia attending a tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 250 patients with schizophrenia attending the outpatient clinic of a regional tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria was undertaken. They were administered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale and the Liverpool University Side Effects Rating Scale (LUNSERS)...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100291/systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-for-prospective-memory-deficits-as-a-consequence-of-acquired-brain-injury
#8
Steven Mahan, Rebecca Rous, Anna Adlam
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified using PsycARTICLES (1894 to present), PsycINFO (1880 to present), the Cochrane Library (1972 to present), MEDLINE PubMed, reference lists from relevant journal articles, and searches of key journals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100212/the-effects-of-breakfast-on-short-term-cognitive-function-among-chinese-white-collar-workers-protocol-for-a-three-phase-crossover-study
#9
Zhenchuang Tang, Na Zhang, Ailing Liu, Dechun Luan, Yong Zhao, Chao Song, Guansheng Ma
BACKGROUND: As the first meal of the day, breakfast plays an important role in supplying energy and nutrients, which are critical to working and learning activities. A three-phase crossover study was designed to investigate the effects of breakfast on cognitive function among Chinese white-collar workers. The planned study protocol is presented. METHODS: A total of 264 participants aged 25-45 years will be recruited from Shenyang and Chongqing. Self-administered questionnaires will be used to collect information on age, gender, marital status, education level, occupation, smoking habits, drinking habits, and breakfast behaviours...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100160/determining-the-potential-benefits-of-yoga-in-chronic-stroke-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, Nadine E Andrew, Maarten A Immink, Susan Hillier, Philip Stevens, Rene Stolwyk, Monique Kilkenny, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke have long-term physical and psychological consequences that impact their quality of life. Few interventions are available in the community to address these problems. Yoga, a type of mindfulness-based intervention, is shown to be effective in people with other chronic illnesses and may have the potential to address many of the problems reported by survivors of stroke. OBJECTIVES: To date only narrative reviews have been published. We sought to perform, the first systematic review with meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated yoga for its potential benefit for chronic survivors of stroke...
January 19, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100053/the-grateful-infrared-sequential-protein-structural-changes-resolved-by-infrared-difference-spectroscopy
#11
Tilman Kottke, Víctor A Lórenz-Fonfría, Joachim Heberle
The catalytic activity of proteins is a function of structural changes. Very often these are as minute as protonation changes, hydrogen bonding changes, and amino acid side chain reorientations. To resolve these, a methodology is afforded that not only provides the molecular sensitivity but allows for tracing the sequence of these hierarchical reactions at the same time. This feature article showcases results from time-resolved IR spectroscopy on channelrhodopsin (ChR), light-oxygen-voltage (LOV) domain protein, and cryptochrome (CRY)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099654/meanings-and-vulnerability-to-hiv-aids-among-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-brazil
#12
Laio Magno, Marcelo Eduardo Pfeiffer Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings assigned by long-distance truck drivers to HIV/AIDS and its transmission and prevention, bearing in mind different contexts of vulnerability. METHODS: Qualitative research with 22 truck drivers. Semi-structured interviews and participant observation were conducted in highways of the state of Bahia in 2013. We selected male truck drivers, with one year or more of work experience in long-distance routes. We carried out the thematic analysis of the interviews, to identify different contexts of vulnerability...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099488/-i-cannot-be-worried-living-with-chagas-disease-in-tropical-bolivia
#13
Colin J Forsyth
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) profoundly affects the social and emotional dimensions of patients' lives, and disproportionately impacts poor, marginalized populations in Latin America. Biomedical treatment for CD fails to reach up to 99% of the people affected, and in any case seldom addresses the emotional health or socioeconomic conditions of patients. This study examines patient strategies for coping with CD in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia. METHODOLOGY: In this ethnographic study, semistructured interviews took place from March-June 2013 with 63 patients who had previously tested positive for CD...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#14
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098712/business-education-for-plastic-surgeons-a-systematic-review-development-and-implementation-of-a-business-principles-curriculum-in-a-residency-program
#15
Bahar Zarrabi, Karen K Burce, Stella M Seal, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett, Kevin Frick, Amir H Dorafshar, Carisa M Cooney
BACKGROUND: Rising healthcare costs, decreasing reimbursement rates, and changes in American healthcare are forcing physicians to become increasingly business-minded. Both academic and private plastic surgeons can benefit from being educated in business principles. We conducted a systematic review to identify existing business curricula and integrated a business principles curriculum into residency training. METHODS: We anonymously surveyed our department regarding perceived importance of business principles and performed a systematic literature review from 1993-2013 using PubMed and Embase to identify residency training programs that had designed/implemented business curricula...
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097993/exploring-how-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-can-enhance-compassionate-care
#16
Caroline Barratt
Research suggests that the development of mindfulness and self-compassion may help to improve the well-being and resilience of professionals and students in the healthcare setting. This is reflected in the growth of mindfulness training for these individuals. Mindfulness is an important aspect of self-compassion, and healthcare professionals should be aware of the need to care for themselves when caring for others. This article explores the concepts of mindfulness and self-compassion and their relationship with, and ability to enhance, compassionate care...
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097852/laryngotracheal-edema-due-to-thermal-injury-a-complication-after-thyroidectomy-in-children
#17
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Senol Emreb, Seval Urkmez, Tughan Utkua, Guner Kaya
Postoperative respiratory insufficiency is a serious complication of total thyroidectomies which can be multifactorial, especially in children. We report two siblings who had undergone thyroidectomy with subsequent respiratory distress. Electrothermal bipolar and harmonic scalpel were used during thyroid dissections. Both patients had early postoperative respiratory problems. The older one suffered from mild respiratory distress for 24 hours and then he spontaneously recovered. The younger one was extubated but then she had serious stridor accompanied with abdominal and intercostal retractions...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097194/the-mystery-of-the-z-score
#18
REVIEW
Alexander E Curtis, Tanya A Smith, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
Reliable methods for measuring the thoracic aorta are critical for determining treatment strategies in aneurysmal disease. Z-scores are a pragmatic alternative to raw diameter sizes commonly used in adult medicine. They are particularly valuable in the pediatric population, who undergo rapid changes in physical development. The advantage of the Z-score is its inclusion of body surface area (BSA) in determining whether an aorta is within normal size limits. Therefore, Z-scores allow us to determine whether true pathology exists, which can be challenging in growing children...
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096745/your-teaching-strategy-matters-how-engagement-impacts-application-in-health-information-literacy-instruction
#19
Heather A Johnson, Laura Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare two pedagogical methods, active learning and passive instruction, to determine which is more useful in helping students to achieve the learning outcomes in a one-hour research skills instructional session. METHODS: Two groups of high school students attended an instructional session to learn about consumer health resources and strategies to enhance their searching skills. The first group received passive instruction, and the second engaged in active learning...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096694/luteolin-inhibits-lung-metastasis-cell-migration-and-viability-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#20
Matthew T Cook, Yayun Liang, Cynthia Besch-Williford, Salman M Hyder
Most breast cancer-related deaths from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) occur following metastasis of cancer cells and development of tumors at secondary sites. Because TNBCs lack the three receptors targeted by current chemotherapeutic regimens, they are typically treated with extremely aggressive and highly toxic non-targeted treatment strategies. Women with TNBC frequently develop metastatic lesions originating from drug-resistant residual cells and have poor prognosis. For this reason, novel therapeutic strategies that are safer and more effective are sought...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
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