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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445775/changes-in-social-isolation-and-loneliness-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa-cohort
#1
Toby O Smith, Jack R Dainty, Alex Macgregor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and change in social isolation and loneliness in people before and after THA and TKA in England. DESIGN: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing dataset, a prospective study of community-dwelling older adults, was used to identify people who had undergone primary THA or TKA because of osteoarthritis. Social isolation was assessed using the ELSA Social Isolation Index. Loneliness was evaluated using the Revised University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale...
April 23, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445727/environmental-enrichment-induces-pericyte-and-iga-dependent-wound-repair-and-lifespan-extension-in-a-colon-tumor-model
#2
Benjamin D Bice, Megan R Stephens, Stephanie J Georges, Ashlee R Venancio, Peter C Bermant, Annika V Warncke, Kajsa E Affolter, Julio R Hidalgo, Melinda L Angus-Hill
Environmental enrichment (EE) replicates mind-body therapy by providing complex housing to laboratory animals to improve their activity levels, behavior, and social interactions. Using a Tcf4(Het/+)Apc(Min/+)-mediated model of colon tumorigenesis, we found that EE vastly improved the survival of tumor-bearing animals, with differential effect on tumor load in male compared to female animals. Analysis of Tcf4(Het/+)Apc(Min/+) males showed drastically reduced expression of circulating inflammatory cytokines and induced nuclear hormone receptor (NHR) signaling, both of which are common in the wound repair process...
April 25, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445406/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#3
Lynn C Waelde, Amanda B Feinstein, Rashmi Bhandari, Anya Griffin, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Measures of pain intensity, functional disability, depression and parent worry about their child's pain were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results indicated no significant changes in pain or depression, however functional disability and frequency of pain functioning complaints improved with small effect sizes...
April 26, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445302/cholestasis-caused-by-panhypopituitarism-and-acquired-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-a-2-month-old-male-infant-a-case-report
#4
U Chan, Wai-Tao Chan, Wei-Hsin Ting, Che-Sheng Ho, Hsi-Che Liu, Hung-Chang Lee
RATIONALE: Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a rare congenital disorder that may cause jaundice in infants. However, it is usually prone to neglect and misdiagnosis in infants with cholestasis because endocrine disorder such as panhypopituitarism is rare in the cause of infantile cholestasis. We report a case of SOD concurrent with acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, who presented with prolonged jaundice as the first clinical sign. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 2-month-old male infant who presented with cholestasis, combined with fever and panhypopituitarism...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444970/quality-of-life-of-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-infertile-patients-in-a-publicly-funded-in-vitro-fertilization-program-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
J Hasson, T Tulandi, T Shavit, T Shaulov, E Seccareccia, J Takefman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are differences in fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) and socio-demographic characteristics between immigrants and non-immigrant patients attending a government funded fertility program DESIGN: Cross-sectional study SETTING: McGill University reproductive center in Montreal, Canada, in a time when governmental funding for In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) was provided to all residents POPULATION: All infertile patients, males and females, attending the center between March to July 2015...
April 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444457/social-cognition-and-idiopathic-isolated-cervical-dystonia
#6
Kristína Czekóová, Petra Zemánková, Daniel J Shaw, Martin Bareš
For a long time, cervical dystonia (CD) has been characterised only by disturbances in motor functioning. Despite accumulating evidence for symptomatology in various non-motor domains, to date no study has investigated social cognition in CD. The aim of this study was to compare performance of CD patients and healthy controls in neurocognitive and socio-cognitive domain. Twenty-five non-depressed patients with CD and 26 healthy controls underwent neuropsychological testing. This involved assessment of cognitive status (general intellect, verbal memory, and executive function), and socio-cognitive functions using a Theory of mind task and self-report on empathy and emotion regulation...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443523/do-non-reflective-thinkers-apply-extreme-personal-meanings-to-their-activated-moods
#7
Alyson L Dodd, Matthew Haigh
BACKGROUND: The integrative cognitive model of mood swings proposes that mood symptoms are driven by extreme, self-referent appraisals. For example, if activated mood is appraised positively, this prompts selection of mood regulation strategies that act to up-regulate mood. Appraisals are driven by fast and automatic Type 1 cognitive processes, which, left unchecked, can cause activated mood to escalate. AIMS: It was hypothesized that greater propensity to override these automatic processes by engaging in reflective (Type 2) thinking would be negatively associated with extreme appraisals of activation and activation...
April 26, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443052/gih-qi-beyond-affordance
#8
Yang Lee, Robert E Shaw, Zheng Jin
Ancient Eastern thought posited the ontological integration of the "mind-body world". The body-mind syncretism was a foundational precept in Eastern philosophy in which "Gih" ("Qi") was considered the basic entity of the universe and the human being. This study attempts to build a meta-theory and to demonstrate empirical designs for Gih, discussing the problems of the mind and body, or the subject and object, compared with the concept of "affordance" proposed by ecological approaches. The notion of Gih extends beyond that of affordance in that Gih activates a psychosomatic process between the physical condition and the mental state that facilitates the bi-directional interactions between subject and object...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443008/against-strong-ethical-parity-situated-cognition-theses-and-transcranial-brain-stimulation
#9
Jan-Hendrik Heinrichs
According to a prominent suggestion in the ethics of transcranial neurostimulation the effects of such devices can be treated as ethically on par with established, pre-neurotechnological alterations of the mind. This parity allegedly is supported by situated cognition theories showing how external devices can be part of a cognitive system. This article will evaluate this suggestion. It will reject the claim, that situated cognition theories support ethical parity. It will however point out another reason, why external carriers or modifications of the mental might come to be considered ethically on par with internal carriers...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442565/mind-the-magnesium-in-dantrolene-suppression-of-malignant-hyperthermia
#10
Stephen C Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442454/impact-of-information-and-communication-technologies-on-nursing-care-results-of-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#11
Geneviève Rouleau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, José Côté, Julie Payne-Gagnon, Emilie Hudson, Carl-Ardy Dubois
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are becoming an impetus for quality health care delivery by nurses. The use of ICTs by nurses can impact their practice, modifying the ways in which they plan, provide, document, and review clinical care. OBJECTIVE: An overview of systematic reviews was conducted to develop a broad picture of the dimensions and indicators of nursing care that have the potential to be influenced by the use of ICTs. METHODS: Quantitative, mixed-method, and qualitative reviews that aimed to evaluate the influence of four eHealth domains (eg, management, computerized decision support systems [CDSSs], communication, and information systems) on nursing care were included...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441645/saphenous-vein-graft-aneurysm-10-years-after-paclitaxel-eluting-stent-implantation
#12
Akihito Tanaka, Richard J Jabbour, Francesco Giannini, Azeem Latib, Antonio Colombo
A patient underwent paclitaxel-eluting implantation for a saphenous vein graft stenosis. A follow-up angiogram at 8 months demonstrated no restenosis, with multifocal peristent contrast staining. After 10 years, a saphenous vein graft aneurysm was revealed within the stented segment. This late complication should be kept in mind when evaluating patients who have received prior drug-eluting stents.
May 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441572/trait-mindfulness-and-protective-strategies-for-alcohol-use-implications-for-college-student-drinking
#13
Emma I Brett, Thad R Leffingwell, Eleanor L Leavens
INTRODUCTION: The use of Protective Behavioral Strategies (PBS) has been strongly linked with decreased experience of alcohol-related consequences, making them a potential target for intervention. Additionally, mindfulness is associated with decreased experience of alcohol-related consequences. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a model of PBS as a mediator of the effect of mindfulness on alcohol-related consequences. Additionally, mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between PBS and alcohol use and consequences was examined...
April 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441571/negative-histology-with-surgically-treated-tubal-ectopic-pregnancies-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Linda Farahani, Anjita Sinha, Jilly Lloyd, Melissa Islam, Jackie A Ross
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of histological examinations of surgical specimens obtained from treatment of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to correlate with clinical findings, pre-operative ultrasound scans and the type of surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 941 women diagnosed with a tubal ectopic pregnancy in the Early Pregnancy Unit and having surgical treatment at King's College Hospital, London. Clinical and ultrasound data had been entered contemporaneously on our electronic early pregnancy database and hospital clinical records over an 11year period from 2004 to 2014...
April 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441568/neuromodulation-the-fevered-mind-of-the-worm
#15
Niels Ringstad
A landmark study has revealed that an interleukin-17-like signaling system modulates a neural circuit that controls the aggregation behavior of nematodes.
April 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441519/grounding-principles-for-inferring-agency-two-cultural-perspectives
#16
Bethany L Ojalehto, Douglas L Medin, Salino G García
The present research investigates cultural variation in grounding principles for inferring agency in order to address an important theoretical debate: does cultural diversity in agency concepts reflect an animistic overextension of (universal) folkpsychology, as many have argued, or an alternative theory of folkcommunication based on relational principles? In two experiments, mind perception measures were adapted to assess beliefs concerning the agency of non-animal kinds (plants, abiotic kinds, complex artifacts) among Indigenous Ngöbe adults in Panama and US college students...
April 22, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441363/mind-body-therapy-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Anne Herbert, Anna Esparham
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is pervasive among the pediatric population and new treatments with minimal adverse effects are necessary to be studied. The purpose of this article is to review current research studying mind-body therapies for treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD. Literature was reviewed pertaining to the effectiveness of movement-based therapies and mindfulness/meditation-based therapies for ADHD. Many positive effects of yoga, Tai Chi, physical activity, and meditation may significantly improve symptoms of ADHD among children...
April 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441104/gestalt-intervention-groups-for-anxious-parents-in-hong-kong-a-quasi-experimental-design
#18
Grace Suk Man Leung, Su Hean Khor
This study examined the impact of gestalt intervention groups for anxious Chinese parents in Hong Kong. A non-randomized control group pre-test/post-test design was adopted. A total of 156 parents participated in the project. After 4 weeks of treatment, the intervention group participants had lower anxiety levels, less avoidance of inner experiences, and more kindness towards oneself and mindfulness when compared to control group participants. However, the dimension of self-judgment remained unchanged. The adaptation of gestalt intervention to suit the Chinese culture was discussed...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440854/neuroprotective-diets-are-associated-with-better-cognitive-function-the-health-and-retirement-study
#19
Claire T McEvoy, Heidi Guyer, Kenneth M Langa, Kristine Yaffe
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and the Mediterranean-DASH diet Intervention for Neurodegeneration Delay (MIND diet) and cognition in a nationally representative population of older U.S. adults. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Health and Retirement Study. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 5,907; mean age 67.8 ± 10.8). MEASUREMENTS: Adherence to dietary patterns was determined from food frequency questionnaires using criteria determined a priori to generate diet scores for the MedDiet (range 0-55) and MIND diet (range 0-15)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440697/the-prevalence-of-calcification-around-odontoid-process-and-the-incidence-of-crowned-dens-syndrome-in-the-neurosurgical-ward-a-single-institution-s-analysis
#20
Masakazu Sano, Shinya Yamashita, Toyotaka Aiba
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and natural history of odontoid calcification and to identify factors related to its progression to crowned dens syndrome (CDS). METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients who underwent head CT upon admission to the neurosurgical ward of Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital. We evaluated the relationship between the presence of odontoid calcification and the patient's age, sex, and primary disorder for admission...
April 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
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