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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760678/controversial-role-of-kisspeptins-kiss-1r-signaling-system-in-tumor-development
#1
REVIEW
Federica Fratangelo, Maria Vincenza Carriero, Maria Letizia Motti
KiSS-1 was first described as a metastasis suppressor gene in malignant melanoma. KiSS-1 encodes a 145 amino-acid residue peptide that is further processed, producing the 54 amino acid metastin and shorter peptides collectively named kisspeptins (KPs). KPs bind and activate KiSS-1R (GPR54). Although the KPs system has been extensively studied for its role in endocrinology of reproductive axis in mammals, its role in cancer is still controversial. Experimental evidences show that KP system exerts an anti-metastatic effect by the regulation of cellular migration and invasion in several cancer types...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755406/the-role-of-kiss1-neurons-as-integrators-of-endocrine-metabolic-and-environmental-factors-in-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis
#2
REVIEW
Shel-Hwa Yeo, William H Colledge
Kisspeptin-GPR54 signaling in the hypothalamus is required for reproduction and fertility in mammals. Kiss1 neurons are key regulators of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release and modulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. Arcuate Kiss1 neurons project to GnRH nerve terminals in the median eminence, orchestrating the pulsatile secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) through the intricate interaction between GnRH pulse frequency and the pituitary gonadotrophs. Arcuate Kiss1 neurons, also known as KNDy neurons in rodents and ruminants because of their co-expression of neurokinin B and dynorphin represent an ideal hub to receive afferent inputs from other brain regions in response to physiological and environmental changes, which can regulate the HPG axis...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729480/the-anti-androgenic-effect-of-chronic-exposure-to-semicarbazide-on-male-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus-and-its-potential-mechanisms
#3
Zonghao Yue, Miao Yu, Xiaona Zhang, Jun Wang, Shaoguo Ru
Semicarbazide (SMC), a new marine pollutant, has anti-estrogenic effects on female Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). However, whether SMC also affects the reproductive endocrine system of male marine organisms is currently unclear. In this study, Japanese flounder embryos were exposed to 1, 10, and 100 μg/L SMC for 130 days. Plasma testosterone (T) and 17β-estradiol (E2 ) concentrations were significantly decreased in male flounders after SMC exposure. The expression of genes involved in T and E2 synthesis, including steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, cytochrome P450 11A1, 17α-hydroxylase, 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and cytochrome P450 19A, was down-regulated in the gonads, which may explain the decrease in plasma sex hormones levels...
May 2, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721201/antitumor-efficacy-of-kisspeptin-in-human-malignant-mesothelioma-cells
#4
Vincenza Ciaramella, Carminia Maria Della Corte, Concetta Di Mauro, Stefano Tomassi, Salvatore Di Maro, Teresa Troiani, Erika Martinelli, Roberto Bianco, Sandro Cosconati, Riccardo Pierantoni, Rosaria Meccariello, Rosanna Chianese, Fortunato Ciardiello, Floriana Morgillo
Purpose: Kisspeptin signaling, via its receptors GPR54, could be an essential players in the inhibition of mesothelioma progression, invasion and metastasis formation. The loss of KiSS1 by tumor cells has been associated with a metastatic phenotype but the mechanistic insights of this process are still unknown. Experimental design: The blockade of the metastatic process at early stage is a hot topic in cancer research. We studied the role of KiSS1 on proliferation, invasiveness, migration abilities of mesothelioma cell lines focusing on the effect on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678280/the-kisspeptin-receptor-a-key-g-protein-coupled-receptor-in-the-control-of-the-reproductive-axis
#5
REVIEW
Delphine Franssen, Manuel Tena-Sempere
The kisspeptin receptor, Kiss1R, also known as Gpr54, is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), deorphanized in 2001, when it was recognized as canonical receptor for the Kiss1-derived peptides, kisspeptins. In 2003, inactivating mutations of Kiss1R gene were first associated to lack of pubertal maturation and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in humans and rodents. These seminal findings pointed out the previously unsuspected, essential role of Kiss1R and its ligands in control of reproductive maturation and function...
April 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662466/kisspeptin-and-cancer-molecular-interaction-biological-functions-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Vincenza Ciaramella, Carminia Maria Della Corte, Fortunato Ciardiello, Floriana Morgillo
Cancer disease is the second leading cause of death in the world and one of the main fields of medical research. Although there is now a greater understanding of biological mechanisms of uncontrolled cell growth, invasiveness and metastasization, the multi-step process of cancer development and evolution is still incompletely understood. The inhibition of molecules activated in cancer metastasization is an hot topic in cancer research. Among the known antimetastatic genes, KiSS-1 is involved in the metastatic cascade by preventing growth of metastasis...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593567/kisspeptin-receptor-gpr54-promotes-adipocyte-differentiation-and-fat-accumulation-in-mice
#7
Tongtong Wang, Xueqin Cui, Ling Xie, Roumei Xing, Panpan You, Yongliang Zhao, Yiqing Yang, Yongqian Xu, Li Zeng, Huaqing Chen, Mingyao Liu
GPR54, Kisspeptin-1 receptor (KISS1R), a member of rhodopsin family, plays a critical role in puberty development and has been proposed to be involved in regulation of energy metabolism. This study aims to explore the function of GPR54 in adipogenesis, lipid metabolism, and obesity in addition to its effect through hormones. Results showed that when fed a high-fat diet, the weight growth of castrated or ovariectomized Gpr54 -/- mice was significantly slower than that of WT control, together with a lower triglyceride concentration...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568885/role-of-leptin-and-the-leptin-receptor-in-the-pathogenesis-of-varicocele-induced-testicular-dysfunction
#8
Jie Zhang, Peng-Peng Jin, Min Gong, Qing-Tong Yi, Ru-Jian Zhu
The present study investigated the expression of leptin and its receptor in the left testis and hypothalamus of rats with varicocele and clarified their roles in the pathogenesis of varicocele‑induced testicular dysfunction. A total of 40 male rats were divided randomly into four groups. Groups 1 (G1) and 3 (G3) underwent a sham operation. Groups 2 (G2) and 4 (G4) underwent operations to form a varicocele created by partial ligation of the left renal vein. G1 and G2 rats were euthanized 4 weeks after the operation while G3 and G4 rats were euthanized at 8 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549187/stimulation-of-growth-hormone-by-kisspeptin-antagonists-in-ewes
#9
Jeremy T Smith, Antonia Roseweir, Michael Millar, Iain Clarke, Robert P Millar
Kisspeptin signalling is indispensable for fertility, stimulating gonadotropin- releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and mediating gonadal steroid feedback on GnRH neurons. Moreover, kisspeptin neurons have been implicated in other non-reproductive neuroendocrine roles. Kisspeptin appears to also regulate growth hormone secretion but much of the data appear contradictory. We sought to clarify a potential role of kisspeptin in GH regulation by examining the effect of kisspeptin antagonists on growth hormone (GH) secretion in ewes under various physiological conditions...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452377/discordance-in-the-dependence-on-kisspeptin-signaling-in-mini-puberty-vs-adolescent-puberty-human-genetic-evidence
#10
Muhammad Shahab, Margaret Lippincott, Yee-Ming Chan, Addie Davies, Paulina M Merino, Lacey Plummer, Veronica Mericq, Stephanie Seminara
Context: Hypothalamic kisspeptin signaling plays a critical role in the initiation and maintenance of reproductive function. Biallelic mutations in the coding sequence of KISS1R (GPR54) have been identified in patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), but it is unknown whether biallelic variants can also be associated with related reproductive disorders. Case description: A missense homozygous variant (c.890G>T p.R297L) in KISS1R was identified in a child who presented with microphallus and bilateral cryptorchidism...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391507/kisspeptin-10-kp-10-stimulates-osteoblast-differentiation-through-gpr54-mediated-regulation-of-bmp2-expression-and-activation
#11
Hyo-Eun Son, Kyeong-Min Kim, Eun-Jung Kim, Won-Gu Jang
Kisspeptin-10 (KP-10) acts as a tumor metastasis suppressor via its receptor, G-protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54). The KP-10-GPR54 system plays an important role in embryonic kidney development. However, its function in osteoblast differentiation is unknown. Osteoblast differentiation is controlled by a range of hormones and cytokines, such as bone morphogenetic protein (BMPs), and multiple transcription factors, such as Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and Distal-less homeobox 5 (Dlx5)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380696/kisspeptin-and-its-effect-on-mammalian-spermatogensis
#12
Tao Feng, Jiahua Bai, Xiaoling Xu, Yan Liu
Kisspeptin and its receptor, GPR54, are regarded as key regulators of and catalysts for male puberty onset, and also fundamental gatekeepers of spermatogenesis in mammals. Consequently, the loss function of kisspeptin or GPR54 leads to a symptom of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) in human and HH accompanied by lower gonadotrophic hormone levels, smaller testes, impaired spermatogenesis and abnormal sexual maturation in mice. Besides its well- recognized functions in hypothalamus before and during puberty, accumulating data strongly support kisspeptin production in tests, and participation in somatic and germ cell development and sperm functions as well...
January 28, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298283/kisspeptin-permits-the-sexual-development-of-female-rats-with-normal-and-precocious-puberty-but-is-not-a-trigger-for-it
#13
Wei Song, Kailin Li, Chao Sun, Jiang Xue
OBJECTIVE: We inferred how KISS-1/GPR54 system to involved in precocious puberty by observing hormones level during the process of precocious puberty in model and normal rats during sexual development and the estrus cycle. METHOD: Female rats were divided randomly into CPP and control groups; the former were injected with NMDA twice daily, and control groups were injected with saline. Blood and tissue samples were collected and measured during the stages of prepuberty, vaginal opening, estrus, proestrus and diestrus...
December 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234440/-morinda-officinalis-polysaccharides-stimulate-hypothalamic-gnrh-secretion-in-varicocele-progression
#14
Zhu Zhu, Feng Huang, Feng Wang, Yonghong Zhang, Xiaozhen Zhao, Wei Wang
Varicoceles (VCs) are the predominant cause of male infertility and are a risk factor for chronic venous disease. Morinda officinalis ( M. officinalis ) is a traditional Chinese medicine used to tonify the kidney and strengthen yang. In this study, we evaluated the effects of water-soluble polysaccharides extracted from M. officinalis (MOPs) on gonadotropin-release hormone (GnRH) secretion in a classic experimental left VC (ELV) rat model. Intragastric administration of MOPs at a dose ranging from 50 mg kg-1 to 100 mg kg-1 facilitated improvements in sperm parameters and seminiferous epithelial structures, modulated serum hormone profiles, and stimulated GnRH synthesis and release in the hypothalamus...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206176/kisspeptin-10-induces-%C3%AE-casein-synthesis-via-gpr54-and-its-downstream-signaling-pathways-in-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#15
Jianhua Sun, Juxiong Liu, Bingxu Huang, Xingchi Kan, Guangxin Chen, Wei Wang, Shoupeng Fu
Kisspeptins (Kps) play a key role in the regulation of GnRH axis and as an anti-metastasis agent by binding with GPR54 . Recently, we observed that the expression of GPR54 was higher in the lactating mammary tissues of dairy cows with high-quality milk (0.81 ± 0.13 kg/day of milk protein yield; 1.07 ± 0.18 kg/day of milk fat yield) than in those with low-quality milk (0.51 ± 0.14 kg/day of milk protein yield; 0.67 ± 0.22 kg/day of milk fat yield). We hypothesized that Kp-10 might regulate the milk protein, β-casein (CSN2) synthesis via GPR54 and its downstream signaling...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201072/the-role-of-kisspeptin-in-female-reproduction
#16
REVIEW
Sareh Zeydabadi Nejad, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Context: Kisspeptin (KISS1), a recently discovered neuropeptide that acts upstream of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, is critical for maturation and function of the reproductive axis. This review aimed at providing comprehensive and up-to-date information on Kisspeptin and its role in female reproduction. Evidence Acquisition: A literature review was performed using PubMed for all English language articles published between 1999 and 2016. Results: The kisspeptin system (KISS1/G protein-coupled receptor-54,GPR54) has recently been addressed as an essential gatekeeper of puberty onset and gonadotropin secretion...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121483/effects-of-n-carbamylglutamate-and-l-arginine-on-gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-gnrh-gene-expression-and-secretion-in-gt1-7-cells
#17
Y Liu, J H Bai, X L Xu, Z L Chen, L J Spicer, T Feng
Recent studies have shown that N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) and arginine (ARG) supplementation improves reproductive performance in livestock. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of NCG and ARG on GT1-7 cell gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion, gene expression and cell proliferation. GT1-7 cells were treated in vitro with different concentrations of NCG (0-1.0mM) or ARG (0-4.0mM) in serum-free medium for 12 or 24h. For GnRH secretion and cell proliferation, GT1-7 cells were more sensitive to NCG than ARG...
November 10, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100632/the-anti-estrogenicity-of-chronic-exposure-to-semicarbazide-in-female-japanese-flounders-paralichthys-olivaceus-and-its-potential-mechanisms
#18
Zonghao Yue, Miao Yu, Haifeng Zhao, Jun Wang, Xiaona Zhang, Hua Tian, Wei Wang, Shaoguo Ru
This study investigated the anti-estrogenic effects of chronic exposure to a new marine pollutant, semicarbazide (SMC; 1, 10, and 100μg/L), in female Paralichthys olivaceus, as well as the associated mechanism. After 130days of exposure, plasma 17β-estradiol and testosterone concentrations, and hepatic estrogen receptors, vitellogenin, and choriogenin mRNA levels decreased significantly in SMC-exposed groups. Moreover, down-regulation of genes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, including gonadotropin-releasing hormone, gonadotropic hormones and their receptors, the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, 17α-hydroxylase, 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, and cytochrome P450 19A, was observed after SMC exposure...
October 31, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053844/evolutionally-conserved-function-of-kisspeptin-neuronal-system-is-nonreproductive-regulation-as-revealed-by-nonmammalian-study
#19
Mikoto Nakajo, Shinji Kanda, Tomomi Karigo, Akiko Takahashi, Yasuhisa Akazome, Yoshihisa Uenoyama, Makito Kobayashi, Yoshitaka Oka
The kisspeptin neuronal system, which consists of a neuropeptide kisspeptin and its receptor Gpr54, is considered in mammals a key factor of reproductive regulation, the so-called hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. However, in nonmammalian vertebrates, especially in teleosts, existence of kisspeptin regulation on the HPG axis is still controversial. In this study, we applied multidisciplinary techniques to a teleost fish, medaka, and examined possible kisspeptin regulation on the HPG axis. First, we generated knockout medaka for kisspeptin-related genes and found that they show normal fertility, gonadal maturation, and expression of gonadotropins...
January 1, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017168/enhanced-at-puberty-1-eap1-expression-critically-regulates-the-onset-of-puberty-independent-of-hypothalamic-kiss1-expression
#20
Chenxi Li, Pin Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Enhance at puberty-1 (Eap1) is an intronless gene that regulates the onset of puberty through a network of hypothalamic genes. However, precise mechanistic events essential for Eap1-regulation of puberty have not been fully elucidated. Eap1 is thought to promote the initiation of puberty through regulation of the hypothalamic metastasis-suppressor KiSS1. We aim to investigate this hypothesis by genetically perturbing Eap1 through RNA interference in vivo. METHODS: We first engineered and optimized four sets of shRNAs that target rat Eap1 mRNA as well as one negative control shRNA...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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