keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

disability discrimination

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778294/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-national-analysis-based-on-world-mental-health-surveys
#1
Jordi Alonso, Sukanta Saha, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Evelyn J Bromet, Louisa Degenhardt, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oluyomi Esan, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep M Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G Karam, Georges Karam, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Sing Lee, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Jose Posada-Villa, Nancy A Sampson, Kate M Scott, Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Margreet Ten Have, Maria Carmen Viana, Ronald C Kessler, John J McGrath
Psychotic experiences (PEs) are associated with a range of mental and physical disorders, and disability, but little is known about the association between PEs and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to investigate the association between PEs and five HRQoL indicators with various adjustments. Using data from the WHO World Mental Health surveys (n = 33,370 adult respondents from 19 countries), we assessed for PEs and five HRQoL indicators (self-rated physical or mental health, perceived level of stigma (embarrassment and discrimination), and social network burden)...
May 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777713/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-capacity-assessment-of-prosthetic-performance-for-the-upper-limb-cappful
#2
Nathan T Kearns, Jennifer K Peterson, Lisa Smurr Walters, Warren T Jackson, John M Miguelez, Tiffany Ryan
OBJECTIVES: (1) Develop a performance-based measure for adult upper limb (UL) prosthetic functioning through broad (i.e. overall performance) and functional domain-specific (e.g., control skills) assessment of commonplace activities; (2) conduct initial psychometric evaluation of the Capacity Assessment of Prosthetic Performance for the Upper Limb (CAPPFUL). DESIGN: Internal consistency of CAPPFUL and interrater reliability for task, functional domain, and full scale (sub)scores among three independent raters were estimated...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774525/teaching-social-perception-skills-to-adolescents-with-autism-and-intellectual-disabilities-using-video-based-group-instruction
#3
Tiffany A Stauch, Joshua B Plavnick, Sudha Sankar, Annie C Gallagher
Few interventions focus on teaching social skills to adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) that are consistently used during interactions with peers ( Carter et al., 2014). The present study evaluated the effects of video-based group instruction (VGI) on the acquisition of social perception skills of five adolescents with ASD or ID in a public school setting. Social perception involves observing affective behaviors of others, discriminating relevant environmental stimuli, and differentially reinforcing the affective behavior of another person...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773084/sexual-and-reproductive-health-concerns-of-persons-with-disability-in-india-an-issue-of-deep-rooted-silence
#4
Seema Sharma, Muthusamy Sivakami
SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Research suggests that persons with disabilities (PwDs) in India are among the most neglected, stigmatized, poor and least educated of the world's population, and women with disabilities in India are the most marginalized, both socially and economically. They bear the triple burden of being discriminated against through being 'women' (socially marginal beings), 'disabled' (incapacitated, inefficient and undesirable) and 'women with disabilities' (the weakest of the weak), often becoming socially invisible...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770158/whodas-2-0-as-a-measure-of-severity-of-illness-results-of-a-flda-analysis
#5
Alba Sedano-Capdevila, María Luisa Barrigón, David Delgado-Gomez, Igor Barahona, Fuensanta Aroca, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Carolina Miguelez-Fernandez, Alba Rodríguez-Jover, Susana Amodeo-Escribano, Marta González-Granado, Enrique Baca-García
WHODAS 2.0 is the standard measure of disability promoted by World Health Organization whereas Clinical Global Impression (CGI) is a widely used scale for determining severity of mental illness. Although a close relationship between these two scales would be expected, there are no relevant studies on the topic. In this study, we explore if WHODAS 2.0 can be used for identifying severity of illness measured by CGI using the Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis (FLDA) and for identifying which individual items of WHODAS 2...
2018: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769594/touchscreen-typing-pattern-analysis-for-detecting-fine-motor-skills-decline-in-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Dimitrios Iakovakis, Stelios Hadjidimitriou, Vasileios Charisis, Sevasti Bostantzopoulou, Zoe Katsarou, Leontios J Hadjileontiadis
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative movement disorder causing progressive disability that severely affects patients' quality of life. While early treatment can produce significant benefits for patients, the mildness of many early signs combined with the lack of accessible high-frequency monitoring tools may delay clinical diagnosis. To meet this need, user interaction data from consumer technologies have recently been exploited towards unsupervised screening for PD symptoms in daily life. Similarly, this work proposes a method for detecting fine motor skills decline in early PD patients via analysis of patterns emerging from finger interaction with touchscreen smartphones during natural typing...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769127/reliability-validity-and-discriminant-ability-of-the-instrumental-indices-provided-by-a-novel-planar-robotic-device-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation
#7
Marco Germanotta, Arianna Cruciani, Cristiano Pecchioli, Simona Loreti, Albino Spedicato, Matteo Meotti, Rita Mosca, Gabriele Speranza, Francesca Cecchi, Giorgia Giannarelli, Luca Padua, Irene Aprile
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, there has been an increasing interest in the use of robotic devices to objectively quantify motor performance of patients after brain damage. Although these robot-derived measures can potentially add meaningful information about the patient's dexterity, as well as be used as outcome measurements after the rehabilitation treatment, they need to be validated before being used in clinical practice. The present work aims to evaluate the reliability, the validity and the discriminant ability of the metrics provided by a novel robotic device for upper limb rehabilitation...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764342/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-employment-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-africa-a-scoping-review
#8
I D Ebuenyi, E V Syurina, J F G Bunders, B J Regeer
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inclusive employment, described in Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa is lower than among the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to explore evidence related to the barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using six relevant electronic databases of articles published between 1990 and 2017...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762439/clinical-outcomes-of-explosion-injuries-to-the-hand
#9
Elizabeth A King, Breana R Siljander, Kagan Ozer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report clinical outcomes in a cohort of 12 patients with explosion injuries to the hand. METHODS: Twelve male patients with a mean age of 42.4 years (SD, 7.2) were examined at a mean of 54 months after sustaining explosion injuries to the hand. All patients underwent primary reconstruction and early soft tissue coverage within 72 hours after their injuries. Total active range of motion and moving 2-point discrimination in each digit were recorded along with hand injury severity score (HISS), disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score, and American Medical Association (AMA) impairment ratings...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759090/perceived-discrimination-and-emotional-reactions-in-people-with-different-types-of-disabilities-a-qualitative-approach
#10
Daniel Pérez-Garín, Patricia Recio, Alejandro Magallares, Fernando Molero, Cristina García-Ael
The purpose of this study is to assess the discourse of people with disabilities regarding their perception of discrimination and stigma. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten adults with physical disabilities, ten with hearing impairments and seven with visual impairments. The agreement between the coders showed an excellent reliability for all three groups, with kappa coefficients between .82 and .96. Differences were assessed between the three groups regarding the types of discrimination they experienced and their most frequent emotional responses...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754677/-racial-discrimination-in-the-care-environment
#11
Lucette Labache
Based on interviews carried out with people from overseas working in Parisian hospitals and observations made of women from Central and North Africa working in care facilities for elderly or disabled people, this article discusses the issue of racial discrimination. We focus on the way discrimination develops, its manifestations in the care sector and the way in which it is handled.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750024/locomotive-syndrome-clinical-perspectives
#12
Tatsunori Ikemoto, Young-Chang Arai
The deterioration of locomotive components, which comprise bones, joints, and intervertebral discs, and muscles and nerves, can lead to symptoms such as pain, limitations in the range of joint mobility, malalignment, impaired balance, and difficulty walking. Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association in 2007 as a concept for people who are at a high risk of developing a musculoskeletal ambulation disability attributed to locomotor organs. Although many international articles related to LoS have been published, an international consensus of this concept seems to be lacking...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746475/realization-of-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-rwanda
#13
Janet Njelesani, Jenna Siegel, Emily Ullrich
This scoping study assessed the realization of the rights for persons with disabilities in Rwanda since the signing of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in 2008. Underpinned by the five-stage framework of Arksey and O'Malley, the scoping study examined peer-reviewed literature published between 2008 and 2017. Nine electronic databases were searched using keywords specific to disability in Rwanda. Data were charted by three reviewers according to pre-determined and emergent categories...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739403/persons-with-disabilities-as-experts-by-experience-using-personal-narratives-to-affect-community-attitudes-in-kilifi-kenya
#14
Joseph K Gona, Charles R Newton, Sally Hartley, Karen Bunning
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen improved public awareness of disability in sub-Saharan Africa. However, negative and stereotypical views of disability still persist in many communities. We conducted a study to promote awareness of disability in rural Kenya, using a process of reflection and education. This paper reports on the second aspect - education. The research question was: How can personal narratives of living with disability affect community attitudes and responses to disability? METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach was adopted...
May 8, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737565/pain-processing-in-functional-and-idiopathic-dystonia-an-exploratory-study
#15
Francesca Morgante, Angela Matinella, Elisa Andrenelli, Lucia Ricciardi, Cosimo Allegra, Carmen Terranova, Paolo Girlanda, Michele Tinazzi
BACKGROUND: Pain is often experienced by patients with functional dystonia and idiopathic cervical dystonia and is likely to be determined by different neural mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: In this exploratory study, we tested the sensory-discriminative and cognitive-emotional component of pain in patients with functional and idiopathic dystonia. METHODS: Ten patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia, 12 patients with functional dystonia, and 16 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent psychophysical testing of tactile and pain thresholds and pain tolerance...
May 8, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736892/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-pittsburgh-fatigability-scale-for-older-adults
#16
Laura M Pérez, Marta Roqué, Nancy W Glynn, Adam J Santanasto, Maria Ramoneda, Maria T Molins, Laura Coll-Planas, Patricia Vidal, Marco Inzitari
BACKGROUND: The Pittsburgh Fatigability Scale (PFS) is the only validated scale for measuring perceived fatigability in older adults. AIMS: We validated the PFS Spanish version by assessing convergent validity with respect to several measures of physical performance, physical activity, physical function and disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional validation study of 79 community-dwelling older adults aged 70 and older from Barcelona, Spain was included...
May 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730963/screening-for-intellectual-disabilities-a-validation-of-the-hayes-ability-screening-index-for-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorder
#17
Kirsten J Braatveit, Torbjørn Torsheim, Oddbjørn Hove
BACKGROUND: There is a reason to believe that many individuals with substance use disorder (SUD) in contact with services have an undiagnosed intellectual disability (ID). Assessing ID in persons with SUD can be challenging due to the influence of substances, time consumption, and specific requirements for the education of the assessor. On the other hand, an undiagnosed condition may lead to a lack of treatment adjustment and may result in drop-out from treatment or lack of treatment effect...
May 7, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730873/psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-world-health-organization-quality-of-life-instrument-for-people-with-intellectual-and-physical-disabilities-whoqol-dis-tr
#18
Erhan Eser, Ömer Aydemir, Beyhan Cengiz Özyurt, Aydın Akar, Serol Deveci, Sultan Eser, Cemalettin Ayık
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the add-on module for the WHOQOL measures of quality of life for use with adults having physical or intellectual disabilities known as the WHOQOL-DIS. METHODS: Data were collected from 150 Intellectual Disabled (ID) and 157 Physically Disabled (PD) persons in Turkey (Izmir) participating center of the global WHOQOL-DIS project. WHOQOL-DIS module is consisted of 12 disability specific items in addition to 26 generic items of WHOQOL-Bref...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726738/perceptions-of-disability-environmental-risk-factors-and-available-services-among-local-leaders-and-parents-of-young-children-with-disabilities-in-west-timor-indonesia
#19
Indra Kiling, Clemence Due, Dominggus Li, Deborah Turnbull
PURPOSE: As an underdeveloped region of Indonesia, West Timor faces a significant challenge of childhood disability compounded by environmental risk factors such as poverty, discrimination and stigma, and limited access to basic services. However, very little is currently known about how this important social issue is viewed from the perspective of parents and local leaders, who play an influential role in local society. This research aimed to explore the views of these groups, towards childhood disability, within an environmental risk context...
May 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726732/the-prevalence-distribution-and-functional-importance-of-lower-limb-somatosensory-impairments-in-chronic-stroke-survivors-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#20
Terry Gorst, Alison Rogers, Stewart C Morrison, Mary Cramp, Joanne Paton, Jenny Freeman, Jon Marsden
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence and distribution of lower limb somatosensory impairments in community dwelling chronic stroke survivors and examine the association between somatosensory impairments and walking, balance, and falls. METHODS: Using a cross sectional observational design, measures of somatosensation (Erasmus MC modifications to the (revised) Nottingham Sensory Assessment), walking ability (10 m walk test, Walking Impact Scale, Timed "Get up and go"), balance (Functional Reach Test and Centre of Force velocity), and falls (reported incidence and Falls Efficacy Scale-International), were obtained...
May 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
87303
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"