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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436889/design-and-implementation-of-a-tactile-stimulation-device-to-increase-auditory-discrimination
#1
Shahrzad Abbasi Baharanchi, Majid MohammadBeigi, Fatemeh Abnavi, Samira Tavakol
Reading is a complex process that requires various simultaneous brain processes. One of the most common types of reading disorders is developmental dyslexia, and one of the objectives of speech therapy sessions for children with developmental dyslexia is to increase their auditory discrimination. One of the most commonly used Auditory Discrimination Tests (ADTs) is Wepman's Auditory Discrimination Test (WADT). It includes minimal pair words categorized by characteristics of vowels and consonants. The goal of this research is to design and implement a tactile stimulation device based on Wepman's test to increase auditory discrimination in children with developmental dyslexia in therapy sessions, so that while playing each word for the children, vibrational cues are presented to their left palm and fingers...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433793/what-does-handedness-reveal-about-adhd-an-analysis-based-on-cpt-performance
#2
Eunice N Simões, Ana Lucia Novais Carvalho, Sergio L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder. Continuous performance Tests (CPTs) aid the diagnosis. Handedness is linked to disabilities. OBJECTIVES: 1-To study the association between handedness and ADHD; 2-To verify the usefulness of the CPT in school settings; 3-To exam the relationship between handedness and CPT performance. METHOD: Each child was classified as right-consistent, left-consistent, or non-consistent...
April 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431489/apathy-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-insights-from-dimensional-apathy-scale
#3
Gabriella Santangelo, Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Francesca Trojsi
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is associated with cognitive decline and worse survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); an accurate evaluation of this aspect is relevant in clinical settings. The aims of this study are to evaluate the prevalence of apathy in a large ALS sample, using published diagnostic criteria, and to explore the psychometric properties, the sensitivity and the specificity of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) as a screening tool for apathy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one patients underwent clinical interview based on diagnostic criteria for apathy, DAS, Apathy Evaluation Scale, and assessment of depression, global cognitive functioning, and non-verbal intelligence...
April 21, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420592/association-between-perceived-discrimination-and-healthcare-seeking-behavior-in-people-with-a-disability
#4
Miguel G Moscoso-Porras, German F Alvarado
BACKGROUND: Experiences of discrimination lead people from vulnerable groups to avoid medical healthcare. It is yet to be known if such experiences affect people with disabilities (PWD) in the same manner. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between perceived discrimination and healthcare-seeking behavior in people with disabilities and to explore differences of this association across disability types. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study with data from a national survey of people with disabilities...
April 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418762/challenges-persist-under-americans-with-disabilities-act-amendments-act-how-can-oncology-providers-help
#5
Michael Feuerstein, Amanda K Gehrke, Brian T McMahon, Megan C McMahon
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Amendments to the hallmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA; effective January 2009), which provide increased access to the antidiscrimination laws for many with chronic illness, are related to changes in workplace discrimination allegations in individuals with a history of cancer. METHODS: Information collected by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was used to compare allegations of discrimination and their merit before (2001 to 2008) and after (2009 to 2011) implementation of the Amendments Act...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410593/comparing-health-related-quality-of-life-of-dutch-and-chinese-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-do-cultural-differences-play-a-role
#6
Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Pieter E Vos, Hester F Lingsma, Ewout W Steyerberg, Yanming Sun, Pengpeng Ye, Leilei Duan, Juanita A Haagsma
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in health related quality of life (HRQoL) as an outcome measure in international trials. However, there might be differences in the conceptualization of HRQoL across different socio-cultural groups. The objectives of current study were: (I) to compare HRQoL, measured with the short form (SF)-36 of Dutch and Chinese traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients 1 year after injury and; (II) to assess whether differences in SF-36 profiles could be explained by cultural differences in HRQoL conceptualization...
April 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394780/attention-deficit-disorder-and-the-americans-with-disabilities-act-is-anyone-paying-attention
#7
Clifford M Koen, Amanda J Carmichael, Kristin E Koen
As millions of individuals who have been given a diagnosis of attention deficit disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder enter the workforce, more individuals with these mental impairments are filing claims with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) as amended in 2008 by the ADA Amendments Act. The ADA forbids employment discrimination based on an individual's disability and also requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities...
April 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390935/evaluation-of-clinical-gait-analysis-parameters-in-patients-affected-by-multiple-sclerosis-analysis-of-kinematics
#8
Giacomo Severini, Mario Manca, Giovanni Ferraresi, Luisa Maria Caniatti, Michela Cosma, Francesco Baldasso, Sofia Straudi, Monica Morelli, Nino Basaglia
BACKGROUND: Clinical Gait Analysis is commonly used to evaluate specific gait characteristics of patients affected by Multiple Sclerosis. The aim of this report is to present a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the changes in Clinical Gait Analysis parameters in patients affected by Multiple Sclerosis. METHODS: In this study a sample of 51 patients with different levels of disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale 2-6.5) was analyzed. We extracted a set of 52 parameters from the Clinical Gait Analysis of each patient and used statistical analysis and linear regression to assess differences among several groups of subjects stratified according to the Expanded Disability Status Scale and 6-Minutes Walking Test...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389975/assessment-of-apathy-minimising-the-effect-of-motor-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-validation-study-of-the-dimensional-apathy-scale
#9
Gabriella Santangelo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Fausta Piscopo, Sofia Cuoco, Katia Longo, Marianna Amboni, Chiara Baiano, Domenico Tafuri, Maria Teresa Pellecchia, Paolo Barone, Carmine Vitale
PURPOSE: Apathy is associated with motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD); therefore, its evaluation could be influenced by motor disability. The Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) evaluates apathy excluding confounding effects of motor symptoms. The present study had three major aims: (a) to explore the psychometric properties of the DAS in non-demented PD patients; (b) to determine an optimal cut-off score of the DAS to identify apathetic PD patients; and (c) to determine a specific apathy profile in PD patients as compared to healthy controls (HC)...
April 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389067/prognostic-value-of-geriatric-conditions-beyond-age-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#10
Juan Sanchis, Vicente Ruiz, Clara Bonanad, Ernesto Valero, Maria Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, Yasmin Ezzatvar, Clara Sastre, Sergio García-Blas, Anna Mollar, Vicente Bertomeu-González, Gema Miñana, Julio Núñez
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of geriatric conditions beyond age after acute coronary syndrome. This was a prospective cohort design including 342 patients (from October 1, 2010, to February 1, 2012) hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome, older than 65 years, in whom 5 geriatric conditions were evaluated at discharge: frailty (Fried and Green scales), comorbidity (Charlson and simple comorbidity indexes), cognitive impairment (Pfeiffer test), physical disability (Barthel index), and instrumental disability (Lawton-Brody scale)...
April 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388888/urdu-version-of-the-neck-disability-index-a-reliability-and-validity-study
#11
Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mohammad A Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani, Ambreen Hafeez
BACKGROUND: Despite the wide use of the neck disability index (NDI) for assessing disability in patients with neck pain, the NDI has not yet been translated and validated in Urdu. The first purpose of the present study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the NDI into the Urdu language (NDI-U). The second purpose was to investigate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the NDI-U in Urdu-speaking patients experiencing chronic mechanical neck pain (CMNP). METHODS: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original version of the NDI were carried out using previously described procedures...
April 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387194/can-flexor-tenosynovectomy-and-microsurgical-epineurectomy-improve-clinical-outcomes-following-open-carpal-tunnel-release
#12
Serda Duman, Vedat Sahin, Hakan Sofu, Yalkin Camurcu, Hanifi Ucpunar
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate the clinical outcomes of open carpal tunnel release with or without flexor tenosynovectomy and epineurectomy for the treatment of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: In this prospective single-blinded study, 61 wrists of 47 patients randomized to open carpal tunnel release without (Group-1) or with (Group-2) flexor tenosynovectomy and microsurgical epineurectomy. Physical examination including Phalen and Tinel's signs, visible thenar atrophy, two-point discrimination, and grip strength measurement was performed...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384631/public-support-for-weight-related-antidiscrimination-laws-and-policies
#13
Anja Hilbert, Claudia Hübner, Gabriele Schmutzer, Sigrun Danielsdottir, Elmar Brähler, Rebecca Puhl
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related discrimination is prevalent and associated with health impairments for those who are targeted, which underscores the need of antidiscrimination legislation. This study is the first to examine public support of weight-related antidiscrimination laws or policies in Germany, compared to the US and Iceland. METHODS: In a representative German population sample (N = 2,513), public support for general and employment-specific weight-related antidiscrimination policies, weight-based victimization, and weight bias internalization were measured through established self-report questionnaires...
April 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383632/measuring-change-in-symptoms-of-neurobehavioural-disability-responsiveness-of-the-st-andrew-s-swansea-neurobehavioural-outcome-scale
#14
Nick Alderman, Claire Williams, Caroline Knight, Rodger Ll Wood
Objective: Neurobehavioural disability (NBD) after acquired brain injury (ABI) is often associated with poor outcome. The "St Andrew's-Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale" (SASNOS) was developed to measure NBD in a range of applications. Two of the "holy trinity" of psychometric properties, reliability and validity, have been comprehensively mapped, but the extent to which SASNOS meets the third, responsiveness, has not been investigated. Demonstrating responsiveness is essential in instruments employed in repeated measurement scenarios to confirm their ability to discriminate real change from error...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379484/evaluating-the-discriminant-validity-of-the-pediatric-evaluation-of-disability-inventory-computer-adaptive-test-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Benjamin J Shore, Benjamin G Allar, Patricia E Miller, Travis H Matheney, Brian D Snyder, Maria A Fragala-Pinkham
Background: The PEDI-CAT is a new clinical assessment for children and youth from birth through 20 years of age. Objective: To determine the discriminant validity of the PEDI-CAT according to Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Design: A prospective convenience cross-sectional sample of 101 school-aged children with CP was stratified by GMFCS level...
March 31, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372566/the-cross-cutting-contribution-of-the-end-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-to-the-sustainable-development-goals
#16
REVIEW
Mathieu Bangert, David H Molyneux, Steve W Lindsay, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Dirk Engels
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) call for an integrated response, the kind that has defined Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) efforts in the past decade.NTD interventions have the greatest relevance for SDG3, the health goal, where the focus on equity, and its commitment to reaching people in need of health services, wherever they may live and whatever their circumstances, is fundamentally aligned with the target of Universal Health Coverage. NTD interventions, however, also affect and are affected by many of the other development areas covered under the 2030 Agenda...
April 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370311/diagnostic-clusters-associated-with-an-early-onset-schizophrenia-diagnosis-among-children-and-adolescents
#17
Jeanette M Jerrell, Roger S McIntyre, Chelsea B Deroche
OBJECTIVE: Given the greater severity and chronicity of psychiatric disorders that first declare in individuals under the age of 18, early onset schizophrenia (EOS) and its association with co-occurring psychiatric conditions deserve further investigation. METHODS: Cluster and discriminant analyses were used to examine the heterogeneity of children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia in 1 statewide system of care. A retrospective cohort design was employed, using South Carolina's (USA) Medicaid claims dataset covering outpatient and inpatient medical services between January, 1999 and December, 2013 to identify patients ≤17 years of age...
March 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368870/psychometric-properties-of-the-oswestry-disability-index
#18
Mikhail Saltychev, Ryan Mattie, Zachary McCormick, Esa Bärlund, Katri Laimi
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) in a large cross-sectional cohort of individuals with chronic low back pain by defining its internal consistency, construct structure and validity, and its ability to differentiate between different degrees of functional limitation. A total of 837 consecutive outpatient patients with low back pain were studied. The internal consistency of ODI was assessed by Cronbach's α, construct structure by exploratory factor analysis, construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis, and discrimination was determined by item response theory analysis...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358316/theranostic-biomarkers-for-schizophrenia
#19
REVIEW
Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Dubravka Svob Strac, Suzana Uzun, Oliver Kozumplik, Nela Pivac
Schizophrenia is a highly heritable, chronic, severe, disabling neurodevelopmental brain disorder with a heterogeneous genetic and neurobiological background, which is still poorly understood. To allow better diagnostic procedures and therapeutic strategies in schizophrenia patients, use of easy accessible biomarkers is suggested. The most frequently used biomarkers in schizophrenia are those associated with the neuroimmune and neuroendocrine system, metabolism, different neurotransmitter systems and neurotrophic factors...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#20
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
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