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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931509/development-and-validation-of-qmortality-risk-prediction-algorithm-to-estimate-short-term-risk-of-death-and-assess-frailty-cohort-study
#1
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objectives To derive and validate a risk prediction equation to estimate the short term risk of death, and to develop a classification method for frailty based on risk of death and risk of unplanned hospital admission.Design Prospective open cohort study.Participants Routinely collected data from 1436 general practices contributing data to QResearch in England between 2012 and 2016. 1079 practices were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 357 practices to validate the scores. 1.47 million patients aged 65-100 years were in the derivation cohort and 0...
September 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927310/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-scandinavian-version-of-the-caregiver-priorities-and-child-health-index-of-life-with-disabilities
#2
Katina Pettersson, Kari Marte Bjerke, Reidun Jahnsen, John Öhrvik, Elisabet Rodby-Bousquet
PURPOSE: To examine test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Scandinavian version of the caregiver priorities and child health index of life with disabilities (CPCHILD) questionnaire for children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Families were recruited in Sweden and Norway and stratified according to the gross motor function classification system levels I-V for children born 2000-2011, mean age 7.9 (SD 3.2). Construct validity based on the first questionnaire (n = 106) was evaluated for known groups, using linear regression analysis...
September 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927308/validation-of-the-test-of-visual-perceptual-skills-third-edition-in-patients-with-stroke
#3
En-Chi Chiu, Min-Yuan Yu, Wen-Chi Wu, Chiung-Xia Chou, Jen-Wen Hung, Po-Chih Chen
PURPOSE: The Test of Visual Perceptual Skills-Third Edition (TVPS-3) with seven subscales has been used to assess visual perception in patients with stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate ecological validity, convergent validity, and discriminative validity of the TVPS-3 in patients with stroke. METHODS: One hundred patients were assessed with the TVPS-3, two measures of activities of daily living, and two cognitive measures. To examine ecological validity, we calculated correlations (Pearson's r) among the TVPS-3 and two measures of activities of daily living...
September 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926110/pacap-and-pac1r-are-differentially-expressed-in-motor-cortex-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-and-support-survival-of-ipsc-derived-motor-neurons
#4
Gabriele Bonaventura, Rosario Iemmolo, Agata Grazia D'Amico, Valentina La Cognata, Erminio Costanzo, Mario Zappia, Velia D'Agata, Francesca Luisa Conforti, Eleonora Aronica, Sebastiano Cavallaro
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal and disabling neurodegenerative disease characterized by upper and lower motor neurons depletion. In our previous work, comprehensive genomic profiling of 41 motor cortex samples enabled to discriminate controls from sporadic ALS patients, and segregated these latter into two distinct subgroups (SALS1 and SALS2), each associated with different deregulated genes. In the present study, we focused our attention on two of them, Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide (PACAP) and its type 1 receptor (PAC1R), and validated the results of the transcriptome experiments by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925498/electronic-diary-for-recording-headaches-triggers-and-medication-use-development-and-evaluation
#5
Siavash Bandarian-Balooch, Paul R Martin, Brenton McNally, Arissa Brunelli, Sharon Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an e-diary developed for measuring headaches, triggers, and medication consumption, in terms of reliability and validity, and variables such as ease of use and participant compliance. BACKGROUND: For many decades, behavioral treatment of headaches has been evaluated via participants completing paper diaries recording their headaches and associated phenomena. There is some limited evidence supporting the reliability and validity of paper diaries, and criticisms have been offered such as the large amount of effort involved for both participants and researchers...
September 19, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917134/the-development-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-fremantle-back-awareness-questionnaire
#6
Lotte Janssens, Nina Goossens, Benedict M Wand, Madelon Pijnenburg, Tinne Thys, Simon Brumagne
BACKGROUND: Disturbed body perception may play a role in the aetiology of chronic low back pain (LBP). The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) is currently the only self-report questionnaire to assess back-specific body perception in individuals with LBP. OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the FreBAQ into Dutch. DESIGN: Psychometric study. METHODS: A Dutch version of the FreBAQ was generated through forward-backward translation, and was completed by 73 patients with LBP and 73 controls to assess discriminant validity...
September 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893466/physical-activity-dose-for-hemodialysis-patients-where-to-begin-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Ryota Matsuzawa, Baback Roshanravan, Takahiro Shimoda, Noritaka Mamorita, Kei Yoneki, Manae Harada, Takaaki Watanabe, Atsushi Yoshida, Yasuo Takeuchi, Atsuhiko Matsunaga
OBJECTIVE: Greater physical activity is associated with lower risk of mortality in persons with kidney disease; however, little is known about the appropriate dose of physical activity among hemodialysis patients. Here detected the minimum level of habitual physical activity to help inform interventions aimed at improving outcomes in the dialysis population. DESIGN: The design was prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: Clinically stable outpatients in a hemodialysis unit from October 2002 to March 2014 were assessed for their eligibility to be included in this 7-year prospective cohort study...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891322/data-driven-topological-filtering-based-on-orthogonal-minimal-spanning-trees-application-to-multi-group-meg-resting-state-connectivity
#8
Stavros I Dimitriadis, Marios Antonakakis, Panagiotis Simos, Jack M Fletcher, Andrew C Papanicolaou
In the present study a novel data-driven topological filtering technique is introduced to derive the backbone of functional brain networks relying on orthogonal minimal spanning trees (OMST). The method aims to identify the essential functional connections to ensure optimal information flow via the objective criterion of global efficiency minus the cost of surviving connections. The OMST technique was applied to multichannel, resting-state neuromagnetic recordings from four groups of participants: healthy adults (n=50), adults who have suffered mild traumatic brain injury (n=30), typically developing children (n=27), and reading-disabled children (n=25)...
September 11, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887274/the-qualitative-grading-of-muscle-fat-infiltration-in-whiplash-using-fat-water-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Rebecca Abbott, Anneli Peolsson, Janne West, James M Elliott, Ulrika Åslund, Anette Karlsson, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Development of muscle fat infiltration (MFI) in the neck muscles is associated with poor functional recovery following whiplash injury. Custom software and time-consuming manual segmentation of magnetic resonance (MR) images is required for quantitative analysis and presents as a barrier for clinical translation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to establish a qualitative MR measure for MFI and evaluate its ability to differentiate between individuals with severe whiplash-associated disorder (WAD), mild/moderate WAD, and healthy controls...
September 5, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884326/one-question-might-be-capable-of-replacing-the-shoulder-pain-and-disability-index-spadi-when-measuring-disability-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Marloes Thoomes-de Graaf, Wendy Scholten-Peeters, Yasmaine Karel, Annemieke Verwoerd, Bart Koes, Arianne Verhagen
QUESTIONS: Is it possible to replace the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) with a single substitute question for people with shoulder pain, when measuring disability and how well does this substitute question perform as a predictor for recovery. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 356 patients with shoulder pain in primary care. ANALYSES: Convergent, divergent, and "known" groups validity were assessed by using hypotheses testing...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879451/prognostic-factors-and-disease-course-in-aquaporin-4-antibody-positive-chinese-patients-with-acute-optic-neuritis
#11
Hao Kang, Tingjun Chen, Hongyang Li, Quangang Xu, Shanshan Cao, Shihui Wei
The objective is to assess the frequency of AQP4-Ab in Chinese patients with optic neuritis (ON) and to investigate the prognostic implications of AQP4-Ab seropositivity in such patients. The presence of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies in human AQP4-transfected cells was determined by indirect immunofluorescence, and the diagnostic and prognostic relevance of AQP4 antibodies in 215 Chinese patients with optic neuritis was evaluated. The patients were enrolled from the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital (PLAGH) and followed up to 1-228 months...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873078/multidimensional-prognostic-modelling-in-people-with-chronic-axial-low-back-pain
#12
Martin Rabey, Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Helen Slater, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To derive prognostic models for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) (n=294) based upon an extensive array of potentially prognostic multidimensional factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study entered multidimensional data (demographics, pain characteristics, pain responses to movement, behaviors associated with pain, pain sensitivity, psychological, social, health, lifestyle) at baseline, and interventions undertaken, into prognostic models for pain intensity, disability, global rating of change and bothersomeness at 1-year...
October 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864716/trajectories-and-characteristics-of-work-disability-before-and-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#13
Mo Wang, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner, Jari Tiihonen, Margaretha Voss, Torbjörn Ivert, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge on work disability in terms of sickness absence and disability pension (SA/DP) among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is scarce. The study aimed to investigate trajectories of SA/DP among individuals with or without AMI and examined the associations between sociodemographic, morbidity and coronary revascularisation characteristics with such trajectories among patients with AMI. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of 10 255 individuals aged 30-60 years who had a first AMI during 2008-2010 and were alive 30 days after AMI...
September 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857755/-people-with-problems-not-patients-with-illnesses-using-psychosocial-frameworks-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-psychosis
#14
Eleanor Longdon, John Read
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination are major difficulties for people with psychosis. However, despite the dominance of biomedical ideology in public education and de-stigmatization efforts, there is substantial evidence that campaigns based on the "medical model" (such as the "mental illness is an illness like any other" approach) are not only ineffective, but can actually compound the problem. This paper considers the alternative role of psychosocial explanatory frameworks in promoting more tolerant and enlightened approaches to, and attitudes about, psychosis...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845923/clinical-rating-scale-for-pantothenate-kinase-associated-neurodegeneration-a-pilot-study
#15
Alejandra Darling, Cristina Tello, María Josep Martí, Cristina Garrido, Sergio Aguilera-Albesa, Miguel Tomás Vila, Itziar Gastón, Marcos Madruga, Luis González Gutiérrez, Julio Ramos Lizana, Montserrat Pujol, Tania Gavilán Iglesias, Kylee Tustin, Jean Pierre Lin, Giovanna Zorzi, Nardo Nardocci, Loreto Martorell, Gustavo Lorenzo Sanz, Fuencisla Gutiérrez, Pedro J García, Lidia Vela, Carlos Hernández Lahoz, Juan Darío Ortigoza Escobar, Laura Martí Sánchez, Fradique Moreira, Miguel Coelho, Leonor Correia Guedes, Ana Castro Caldas, Joaquim Ferreira, Paula Pires, Cristina Costa, Paulo Rego, Marina Magalhães, María Stamelou, Daniel Cuadras Pallejà, Carmen Rodríguez-Blazquez, Pablo Martínez-Martín, Vincenzo Lupo, Leonidas Stefanis, Roser Pons, Carmen Espinós, Teresa Temudo, Belén Pérez Dueñas
BACKGROUND: Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration is a progressive neurological disorder occurring in both childhood and adulthood. The objective of this study was to design and pilot-test a disease-specific clinical rating scale for the assessment of patients with pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration. METHODS: In this international cross-sectional study, patients were examined at the referral centers following a standardized protocol. The motor examination was filmed, allowing 3 independent specialists in movement disorders to analyze 28 patients for interrater reliability assessment...
August 28, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837678/clinical-utility-of-the-ucsd-performance-based-skills-assessment-brief-upsa-b-in-adults-living-with-hiv-associations-with-neuropsychological-impairment-and-patient-reported-everyday-functioning-difficulties
#16
Raeanne C Moore, Emily W Paolillo, Anne Heaton, Pariya L Fazeli, Dilip V Jeste, David J Moore
OBJECTIVE: Requiring only 10-15 minutes to complete, the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA-B) has high clinical utility as a brief measure of functional capacity. This study aimed to validate the UPSA-B in adults living with HIV/AIDS (HIV+), and identify whether the UPSA-B can be used as an indicator of functional dependence in this population. METHOD: One hundred and three HIV+ adults and 91 HIV- adults completed a comprehensive neuropsychological and neuromedical battery, including a self-report measure of functional status (IADL Dependence vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835117/measuring-opportunities-for-engaging-in-meaningful-home-based-activities-in-housing-services-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-development-of-the-perceived-meaning-of-activity-in-housing-pma-h
#17
Mona Eklund, David Brunt
There is a scarcity of instruments for assessing opportunities for residents with psychiatric disabilities to engage in meaningful home-based activities. We thus developed the Perceived Meaning of Activity in Housing (PMA-H), containing four subscales (activity opportunities, social interaction, developing as a person, and organization and planning). The aim of the study was to investigate the content validity, utility, internal consistency and concurrent and criterion validity of the PMA-H, as well as possible floor and ceiling effects...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833308/the-underlying-structure-of-visuospatial-working-memory-in-children-with-mathematical-learning-disability
#18
Irene C Mammarella, Sara Caviola, David Giofrè, Dénes Szűcs
This study examined visual, spatial-sequential, and spatial-simultaneous working memory (WM) performance in children with mathematical learning disability (MLD) and low mathematics achievement (LMA) compared with typically developing (TD) children. Groups were matched on reading decoding performance and verbal intelligence. Besides statistical significance testing, we used bootstrap confidence interval estimation and computed effect sizes. Children were individually tested with six computerized tasks, two for each visuospatial WM subcomponent...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833111/the-effects-of-receptive-and-expressive-instructional-sequences-on-varied-conditional-discriminations
#19
Shimin Bao, Kristin T Sweatt, Sarah A Lechago, Sarah Antal
Many Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) curricula recommend teaching receptive responding before targeting expressive responding (Leaf & McEachin, 1999; Lovaas, 2003). However, a small literature base suggests that teaching expressive responses first may be more efficient when teaching children with ASD and other developmental disabilities (Petursdottir & Carr, 2011). The present study employed an alternating treatments design to compare the effects of three instructional sequences to teach feature, function, and class to three children diagnosed with ASD: (a) receptive-expressive, (b) expressive-receptive, and (c) mixed...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830423/migrant-s-access-to-preventive-health-services-in-five-eu-countries
#20
Aldo Rosano, Marie Dauvrin, Sandra C Buttigieg, Elena Ronda, Jean Tafforeau, Sonia Dias
BACKGROUND: Preventive health services (PHSs) form part of primary healthcare with the aim of screening to prevent disease. Migrants show significant differences in lifestyle, health beliefs and risk factors compared with the native populations. This can have a significant impact on migrants' access to health systems and participation in prevention programmes. Even in countries with widely accessible healthcare systems, migrants' access to PHSs may be difficult. The aim of the study was to compare access to preventive health services between migrants and native populations in five European Union (EU) countries...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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