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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513802/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-disability-a-comparison-between-genders
#1
Mônica Faria Felicíssimo, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Roseli Gomes de Andrade, Dário Alves da Silva Costa, César Coelho Xavier, Fernando Augusto Proietti, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of disability and its association with sociodemographic and health characteristics stratified by sex. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample including 4,048 residents aged ≥ 18 years in two health districts of Belo Horizonte (MG), Brazil, during the period from 2008 to 2009. The outcome variable "disability" was established based on self-reported problems in body functions or structures. Sociodemographic characteristics ("sex," "age," "skin color," "marital status," "years of schooling," and "family income") and health ("reported morbidity," "health self-assessment," "quality of life," and "life satisfaction") were the explanatory variables...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506093/the-virtual-short-physical-performance-battery-psychometric-properties-and-validation-in-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Rachel E Bollaert, Anthony P Marsh, Gary R Cutter, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) who undergo declines in physical function that require attention of clinicians and researchers. Objective and perceived measures of disablement feasible for clinical and residential settings, such as the Short Physical Performance Battery and its virtual counterpart (vSPPB), are critical for defining the degree of disablement. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the psychometric properties and validity of the vSPPB as a measure of perceived lower extremity physical function in older adults with MS (age ≥60 years)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503961/psychometric-properties-of-the-neck-disability-index-amongst-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-using-item-response-theory
#3
Mikhail Saltychev, Ryan Mattie, Zachary McCormick, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVE: The Neck Disability Index (NDI) is commonly used for clinical and research assessment for chronic neck pain, yet the original version of this tool has not undergone significant validity testing, and in particular, there has been minimal assessment using Item Response Theory. The goal of the present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the original version of the NDI in a large sample of individuals with chronic neck pain by defining its internal consistency, construct structure and validity, and its ability to discriminate between different degrees of functional limitation...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503453/relationship-between-motor-evoked-potential-response-and-the-severity-of-paralysis-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#4
Mi-Kyoung Oh, Hye-Ri Kim, Won-Seok Kim, Hyung Ik Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between motor evoked potential (MEP) response and the severity of motor paralysis, evaluated according to the Korean disability evaluation system in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: We analyzed 192 lower limbs of 96 SCI patients. Lower limbs were classified according to their motor scores, as determined by the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury: motor score <10 (group 1); ≥10 and <15 (group 2); ≥15 and <20 (group 3); and ≥20 (group 4)...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500650/aberrant-cognitive-phenotypes-and-altered-hippocampal-bdnf-expression-related-to-epigenetic-modifications-in-mice-lacking-the-post-synaptic-scaffolding-protein-shank1-implications-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
A Özge Sungur, Magdalena C E Jochner, Hani Harb, Ayşe Kılıç, Holger Garn, Rainer K W Schwarting, Markus Wöhr
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a class of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by persistent deficits in social communication/interaction, together with restricted/repetitive patterns of behavior. ASD is among the most heritable neuropsychiatric conditions, and while available evidence points to a complex set of genetic factors, the SHANK gene family has emerged as one of the most promising candidates. Here, we assessed ASD-related phenotypes with particular emphasis on social behavior and cognition in Shank1 mouse mutants in comparison to heterozygous and wildtype littermate controls across development in both sexes...
May 12, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498074/an-analysis-from-the-quality-outcomes-database-part-1-disability-quality-of-life-and-pain-outcomes-following-lumbar-spine-surgery-predicting-likely-individual-patient-outcomes-for-shared-decision-making
#6
Matthew J McGirt, Mohamad Bydon, Kristin R Archer, Clinton J Devin, Silky Chotai, Scott L Parker, Hui Nian, Frank E Harrell, Theodore Speroff, Robert S Dittus, Sharon E Philips, Christopher I Shaffrey, Kevin T Foley, Anthony L Asher
OBJECTIVE Quality and outcomes registry platforms lie at the center of many emerging evidence-driven reform models. Specifically, clinical registry data are progressively informing health care decision-making. In this analysis, the authors used data from a national prospective outcomes registry (the Quality Outcomes Database) to develop a predictive model for 12-month postoperative pain, disability, and quality of life (QOL) in patients undergoing elective lumbar spine surgery. METHODS Included in this analysis were 7618 patients who had completed 12 months of follow-up...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497112/functional-limitation-and-depressive-symptomatology-considering-perceived-stigma-and-discrimination-within-a-stress-and-coping-framework
#7
Robyn Lewis Brown
This study examines whether perceived stigma and discrimination moderate the associations between functional limitation, psychosocial coping resources, and depressive symptoms among people with physical disabilities. Using two waves of data from a large community study including a representative sample of persons with physical disabilities (N=417), an SEM-based moderated mediation analysis was performed. Mediation tests demonstrate that mastery significantly mediates the association between functional limitation and depressive symptoms over the study period...
May 2017: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494623/validity-of-the-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-in-patients-with-stroke
#8
En-Chi Chiu, Wen-Chi Wu, Jen-Wen Hung, Yu-Hsuan Tseng
BACKGROUND: The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is the most widely used measure for assessing executive functions in patients with stroke. However, no study has examined the ecological, discriminative and convergent validities of the WCST in patients with stroke. This study aimed to examine the above validities of the WCST in patients with stroke. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients were administered the WCST, two measures of activities of daily living and one cognitive measure...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492695/joint-assessment-in-von-willebrand-disease-validation-of-the-haemophilia-joint-health-score-and-haemophilia-activities-list
#9
Karin P M van Galen, Merel A Timmer, Piet de Kleijn, Kathelijn Fischer, Wouter Foppen, Roger E G Schutgens, Jeroen Eikenboom, Karina Meijer, Marjon H Cnossen, Karin Fijnvandraat, Johanna G van der Bom, Britta A P Laros-van Gorkom, Frank W G Leebeek, Eveline P Mauser-Bunschoten
Assessment of clinical outcome after joint bleeding is essential to identify joint damage and optimise treatment, to prevent disability. However, disease-specific tools to assess the musculoskeletal status in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) are lacking. We aimed to determine validity and reliability of the Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) and Haemophilia Activities List (HAL) in patients with Von Willebrand disease (VWD). Ninety-six patients with VWD were included (mean age 46 years) of whom 27 had more than five documented joint bleeds...
May 11, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467426/pkb%C3%AE-akt3-loss-of-function-causes-learning-and-memory-deficits-and-deregulation-of-akt-mtorc2-signaling-relevance-for-schizophrenia
#10
Kristy R Howell, Kirsten Floyd, Amanda J Law
Psychiatric genetic studies have identified genome-wide significant loci for schizophrenia. The AKT3/1q44 locus is a principal risk region and gene-network analyses identify AKT3 polymorphisms as a constituent of several neurobiological pathways relevant to psychiatric risk; the neurobiological mechanisms remain unknown. AKT3 shows prenatal enrichment during human neocortical development and recurrent copy number variations involving the 1q43-44 locus are associated with cortical malformations and intellectual disability, implicating an essential role in early brain development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460595/-you-re-disabled-why-did-you-have-sex-in-the-first-place-an-intersectional-analysis-of-experiences-of-disabled-women-with-regard-to-their-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-gujarat-state-india
#11
Laura Dean, Rachel Tolhurst, Renu Khanna, Kate Jehan
BACKGROUND: Globally, disabled people have significant unmet needs in relation to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). Disabled women in India face multiple discrimination: social exclusion, lack of autonomy with regard to their SRH, vulnerability to violence, and lack of access to SRH care. While they may face shared challenges, an intersectional perspective suggests that considering disabled women as a uniform and 'vulnerable' group is likely to mask multiple differences in their lived experiences...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451609/the-pediatric-adolescent-shoulder-survey-pass-a-reliable-youth-questionnaire-with-discriminant-validity-and-responsiveness-to-change
#12
Eric W Edmonds, Tracey P Bastrom, Joanna H Roocroft, Valerie A Calandra-Young, Andrew T Pennock
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life tools for shoulder pathology in adults have been developed, such as the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) or QuickDASH. However, some content is not applicable to or readily grasped by a younger population. PURPOSE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new 13-item pediatric/adolescent shoulder survey (PASS). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: An initial development cohort of children was given the PASS, QuickDASH, and single assessment numeric evaluation (SANE) in a prospective fashion...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447917/differences-in-experiences-of-discrimination-in-accessing-social-services-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-individuals-by-dis-ability
#13
Shanna K Kattari, N Eugene Walls, Stephanie Rachel Speer
Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) individuals frequently experience discrimination and potentially a lack of respect from service providers, suggesting they have decreased access to professionals with cultural competency. Similarly, people with disabilities experience higher levels of discrimination in social services than their nondisabled counterparts. From an intersectional perspective, this study examines rates of discrimination in accessing social services faced by transgender and GNC people, comparing across ability...
April 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445433/determinants-of-work-performance-in-workers-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Ivana Ivandic, Kaloyan Kamenov, Diego Rojas, Gloria Cerón, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent disorders with an impact on existential aspects of person's life, including employment i.e., work performance (WP). In order to develop appropriate strategies, it is essential to identify determinants of WP. The objective of this study was to identify the built, social, attitudinal and health system-related environmental determinants of WP in workers with anxiety or depression in total (N = 1211) and regarding the level of disability. Hierarchical binary logistic regression was performed on data obtained from implementation of the WHO Model Disability Survey (MDS) in Chile in 2015...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442224/functional-hyperconnectivity-vanishes-in-children-with-developmental-dyscalculia-after-numerical-intervention
#15
Lars Michels, Ruth O'Gorman, Karin Kucian
Developmental dyscalculia (DD) is a developmental learning disability associated with deficits in processing numerical and mathematical information. Although behavioural training can reduce these deficits, it is unclear which neuronal resources show a functional reorganization due to training. We examined typically developing (TD) children (N=16, mean age: 9.5 years) and age-, gender-, and handedness-matched children with DD (N=15, mean age: 9.5 years) during the performance of a numerical order task with fMRI and functional connectivity before and after 5-weeks of number line training...
March 21, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442077/construct-and-discriminant-validity-of-start-back-screening-tool-brazilian-version
#16
Bruna Pilz, Rodrigo A Vasconcelos, Paulo P Teixeira, Wilson Mello, Freddy B Marcondes, Jonathan C Hill, Débora B Grossi
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) was developed to stratify low back pain patients according to their risk of future physical disability so that prognostic subgroups can receive matched treatments in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To measure the construct and discriminative validity of the SBST-Brazil questionnaire. METHOD: A hundred and fifty one patients were recruited to test the construct and discriminative validity comparing the SBST-Brazil to the Brazilian Version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-Work (FABQ-W) and Physical Activity (FABQ-PA) subscales at baseline...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436889/design-and-implementation-of-a-tactile-stimulation-device-to-increase-auditory-discrimination
#17
Shahrzad Abbasi Baharanchi, Majid MohammadBeigi, Fatemeh Abnavi, Samira Tavakol
Reading is a complex process that requires various simultaneous brain processes. One of the most common types of reading disorders is developmental dyslexia, and one of the objectives of speech therapy sessions for children with developmental dyslexia is to increase their auditory discrimination. One of the most commonly used Auditory Discrimination Tests (ADTs) is Wepman's Auditory Discrimination Test (WADT). It includes minimal pair words categorized by characteristics of vowels and consonants. The goal of this research is to design and implement a tactile stimulation device based on Wepman's test to increase auditory discrimination in children with developmental dyslexia in therapy sessions, so that while playing each word for the children, vibrational cues are presented to their left palm and fingers...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433793/what-does-handedness-reveal-about-adhd-an-analysis-based-on-cpt-performance
#18
Eunice N Simões, Ana Lucia Novais Carvalho, Sergio L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder. Continuous performance Tests (CPTs) aid the diagnosis. Handedness is linked to disabilities. OBJECTIVES: 1-To study the association between handedness and ADHD; 2-To verify the usefulness of the CPT in school settings; 3-To exam the relationship between handedness and CPT performance. METHOD: Each child was classified as right-consistent, left-consistent, or non-consistent...
April 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431489/apathy-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-insights-from-dimensional-apathy-scale
#19
Gabriella Santangelo, Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Francesca Trojsi
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is associated with cognitive decline and worse survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); an accurate evaluation of this aspect is relevant in clinical settings. The aims of this study are to evaluate the prevalence of apathy in a large ALS sample, using published diagnostic criteria, and to explore the psychometric properties, the sensitivity and the specificity of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) as a screening tool for apathy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one patients underwent clinical interview based on diagnostic criteria for apathy, DAS, Apathy Evaluation Scale, and assessment of depression, global cognitive functioning, and non-verbal intelligence...
April 21, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420592/association-between-perceived-discrimination-and-healthcare-seeking-behavior-in-people-with-a-disability
#20
Miguel G Moscoso-Porras, German F Alvarado
BACKGROUND: Experiences of discrimination lead people from vulnerable groups to avoid medical healthcare. It is yet to be known if such experiences affect people with disabilities (PWD) in the same manner. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between perceived discrimination and healthcare-seeking behavior in people with disabilities and to explore differences of this association across disability types. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study with data from a national survey of people with disabilities...
April 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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