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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219471/a-descriptive-analysis-of-tactical-casualty-care-interventions-performed-by-law-enforcement-personnel-in-the-state-of-wisconsin-2010-2015
#1
Chad M Stiles, Christopher Cook, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
: Introduction Based upon military experience, law enforcement has developed guidelines for medical care during high-threat conditions. The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive analysis of reported outcomes of law enforcement medical interventions. METHODS: This was a descriptive analysis of a convenience sample of cases submitted to the Wisconsin Tactical Medicine Initiative (Wisconsin USA), after the provision of successful patient care, between January 2010 and December 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#2
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203120/international-lessons-in-new-methods-for-grading-and-integrating-cost-effectiveness-evidence-into-clinical-practice-guidelines
#3
REVIEW
Kathryn M Antioch, Michael F Drummond, Louis W Niessen, Hindrik Vondeling
Economic evidence is influential in health technology assessment world-wide. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) can enable economists to include economic information on health care provision. Application of economic evidence in CPGs, and its integration into clinical practice and national decision making is hampered by objections from professions, paucity of economic evidence or lack of policy commitment. The use of state-of-art economic methodologies will improve this. Economic evidence can be graded by 'checklists' to establish the best evidence for decision making given methodological rigor...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183411/funding-of-graduate-medical-education-in-a-market-based-healthcare-system
#4
Barbara L Schuster
The graduate medical education (GME) process in the United States is considered the most respected model for high-quality education of graduate physicians in the world. With substantial funding through government and private insurers and through structured educational accreditation standards, the American Board of Medical Specialists-certified physicians are recognized for their expertise in delivering high-quality medical care. However, under fiscal constraints and changing social expectations, questions are continually posed about the process of funding and whether the "physician outcomes" are sufficient to continue with the investment...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179740/expanded-roles-for-pharmacy-technicians-in-the-medication-reconciliation-process-a-qualitative-review
#5
Adriane N Irwin, YoungYoon Ham, Theresa M Gerrity
Background: Collection of a complete and accurate medication history is an essential component of the medication reconciliation process. The role of pharmacy technicians in supporting medication reconciliation has been the subject of recent interest. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the existing literature on pharmacy technician involvement in the medication reconciliation process and to summarize outcomes on the quality and accuracy of pharmacy technician-collected medication histories. Method: A literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and Academic Search Premier (1948 - April 2015)...
January 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161526/low-fertility-preservation-utilization-among-transgender-youth
#6
Leena Nahata, Amy C Tishelman, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Gwendolyn P Quinn
PURPOSE: Research demonstrates a negative psychosocial impact of infertility among otherwise healthy adults, and distress among adolescents facing the prospect of future infertility due to various medical conditions and treatments that impair reproductive health. Guidelines state that providers should counsel transgender youth about potential infertility and fertility preservation (FP) options prior to initiation of hormone therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the rates of fertility counseling and utilization of FP among a cohort of adolescents with gender dysphoria seen at a large gender clinic...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#7
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152768/improving-care-quality-for-patients-with-soft-tissue-and-bone-sarcoma-by-establishing-a-national-virtual-tumor-board-and-electronic-consultation-platform
#8
Andrew Fang, Maihgan Kavanagh, Brian Kim, Jason D Lee, Craig McCormick, Lee Jae Morse, Subir Nag, Grant Nybbaken, Peter Peng, Corey M Schwartz, Joseph Song, Denah Renee Taggart, Jeanette Cu Yu
: 211 Background: Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are relatively uncommon and their management is extremely complex requiring coordinated multidisciplinary expertise for optimal care. Because Kaiser Permanente operates across many geographic regions in the country, in-person tumor board is not practical. METHODS: The Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical oncology team has developed a system-based virtual tumor board (VTB) and electronic consultation (EC) platform comprised of experts from several key disciplines including musculoskeletal/surgical oncology, musculoskeletal radiology, pathology, radiation oncology, brachytherapy, medical adult and pediatric oncology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148324/training-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-and-the-american-board-of-thoracic-surgery
#9
Edward L Bove
Congenital heart surgery has evolved into its own specialty requiring unique techniques and skills. Recognizing the need to establish a special certification in congenital heart surgery, the American Board of Thoracic Surgery began the process in 2005, eventually granting the first certifications to qualified applicants in 2009. The American Council for Graduate Medical Education and the Thoracic Surgery Residency Review Committee have now approved specific training programs throughout the United States that will help to ensure the proper training of congenital heart surgeons for the future...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146568/the-appropriateness-of-language-found-in-research-consent-form-templates-a-computational-linguistic-analysis
#10
Alexander Villafranca, Stephanie Kereliuk, Colin Hamlin, Andrea Johnson, Eric Jacobsohn
BACKGROUND: To facilitate informed consent, consent forms should use language below the grade eight level. Research Ethics Boards (REBs) provide consent form templates to facilitate this goal. Templates with inappropriate language could promote consent forms that participants find difficult to understand. However, a linguistic analysis of templates is lacking. METHODS: We reviewed the websites of 124 REBs for their templates. These included English language medical school REBs in Australia/New Zealand (n = 23), Canada (n = 14), South Africa (n = 8), the United Kingdom (n = 34), and a geographically-stratified sample from the United States (n = 45)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134405/-bibliometric-indicators-of-nephrology-journals-strengths-and-weaknesses
#11
Antonio Maria Torrisi, Antonio Granata
Scientific journals are an important communication tool through which authors, publishers, editors, readers, librarians support the circulation of information. How do I select the journal to submit for publication? How can my research have the widest circulation? How can I make my article and my scientific activities to be positively considered by assessment boards? These are some of the main questions that arise when an author chooses to write an article. The research evaluation can be based on qualitative indicators such as the peer review and/or quantities of a not bibliometric or bibliometric type, such as the Impact Factor or SCImago Journal Rank indicator...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126598/reporting-of-data-monitoring-boards-in-publications-of-randomized-clinical-trials-is-often-deficient-acttion-systematic-review
#12
Jennifer S Gewandter, Rachel A Kitt, Matthew R Hunsinger, Joseph Poku, Jacqueline Lozano, Jenna Chaudari, Scott Evans, Robert A Gross, Michael P McDermott, Michael C Rowbotham, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether primary reports of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in six high-impact, general medical journals reported (1) whether or not a Data Monitoring Committee/Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DMC/DSMB) was used and (2) the composition of the responsibilities of the reported DSMB/DMCs. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of RCTs published in 2014 in Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, NEJM, JAMA, JAMA Internal Medicine, and Lancet...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116136/looking-to-a-future-of-improved-diabetes-management-interview-with-professor-steve-bain
#13
Steve Bain
Steve Bain talks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor: Steve is currently a Professor at Swansea University Medical School (Wales), Assistant Medical Director for Research & Development for ABM University Health Board and Clinical Lead for the Diabetes Research Unit, Wales. His clinical training included research into the genetics of Type 1 diabetes, with his current clinical interests surrounding exercise in Type 1 diabetes, new therapies and the provision of diabetes services. His background has led him to be Principal Investigator for several multicenter trials, and to be involved in various ethical committees concerning genetics...
December 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116018/trends-in-nrmp-data-from-2007-2014-for-u-s-seniors-matching-into-emergency-medicine
#14
David E Manthey, Nicholas D Hartman, Aileen Newmyer, Jonah C Gunalda, Brian C Hiestand, Kim L Askew
INTRODUCTION: Since 1978, the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) has published data demonstrating characteristics of applicants who have matched into their preferred specialty in the NRMP main residency match. These data have been published approximately every two years. There is limited information about trends within these published data for students matching into emergency medicine (EM). Our objective was to investigate and describe trends in NRMP data to include the following: the ratio of applicants to available EM positions; United State Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and Step 2 scores (compared to the national means); number of programs ranked; and Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society (AOA) membership among U...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115427/the-ucla-health-resident-informaticist-program-a-novel-clinical-informatics-training-program
#15
Jennifer S Singer, Eric M Cheng, Kevin Baldwin, Michael A Pfeffer
Few opportunities exist for physician trainees to gain exposure to, and training in, the field of clinical informatics, an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited, recently board-certified specialty. Currently, 21 approved programs exist nationwide for the formal training of fellows interested in pursuing careers in this discipline. Residents and fellows training in medical and surgical fields, however, have few avenues available to gain experience in clinical informatics. An early introduction to clinical informatics brings an opportunity to generate interest for future career trajectories...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095959/general-aviation-pilots-over-70-years-old
#16
Alpo Vuorio, Saryani Asmayawati, Bruce Budowle, Robin Griffiths, Timo Strandberg, Jaana Kuoppala, Antti Sajantila
BACKGROUND: Currently it is not unusual for general aviation pilots in the United States to continue to fly beyond the age of 70, even into their 80s and 90s. Pilots have regular examinations according to protocols which do not specify special or additional requirements for pilots over 70 yr of age. Additionally, the third class medical reforms passed by the U.S. Senate on 15 July 2016 could potentially result in even less stringent medical certification requirements for general aviation pilots...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090374/neurophysiological-measures-and-alcohol-use-disorder-aud-hypothesizing-links-between-clinical-severity-index-and-molecular-neurobiological-patterns
#17
Mario Vitali, Carmen Napolitano, Marlene Oscar Berman, Simona Flamminii Minuto, Gemma Battagliese, Maria Luisa Attilia, Eric R Braverman, Marina Romeo, Kenneth Blum, Mauro Ceccanti
BACKGROUND: In 1987, Cloninger proposed a clinical description and classification of different personality traits genetically defined and independent from each other. Moreover, he elaborated a specific test the TCI to investigate these traits/states. The study of craving in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) assumed a greater significance, since ever more data seems to suggest a direct correlation between high levels of craving and a higher risk of relapse in alcoholics. Thus, our study aim is to explore the possible correlations among TCI linked molecular neurobiological pattern (s), craving and alcohol addiction severity measures in a sample of Italian alcoholics...
April 2016: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073688/state-legal-innovations-to-encourage-naloxone-dispensing
#18
Corey Davis, Derek Carr
OBJECTIVES: The opioid overdose epidemic continues to claim the lives of tens of thousands of Americans every year. Increased access to the opioid antagonist naloxone can reduce opioid-related morbidity and mortality. In this commentary, we describe several recent legal innovations designed to encourage pharmacists to ensure that naloxone is available when and where it is needed, and dispel some common misconceptions regarding potential legal risks associated with pharmacy naloxone dispensing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072897/building-on-success
#19
Amy Lynn Sorrel
Undaunted by what could be a challenging 2017 Texas legislative session, TMA is poised to build on significant successes medicine achieved over the past two legislative sessions, including reforming the state's Medicaid program and expanding graduate medical education opportunities. TMA will defend the patient-physician relationship against a backdrop of some potentially big shifts for Texas, such as a major review of the state's health professions licensing boards.
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061921/bipolar-disorder-in-aviation-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Alpo Vuorio, Tanja Laukkala, Pooshan Navathe, Bruce Budowle, Robert Bor, Antti Sajantila
BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult challenges in aviation medicine is to diagnose, as early as possible, pilots with psychiatric disorders that may impair pilot performance and increase the risk of incidents and accidents. This diagnosis applies particularly to bipolar disorder (BD), where return to flying duty is not an option in the majority of cases. BD is a long-term mental disorder presenting remittent depressive, hypomanic, manic, or mixed episodes between low symptomatic or asymptomatic intermediate periods...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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