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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923814/new-method-for-real-time-influenza-surveillance-in-primary-care-a-wisconsin-research-and-education-network-wren-supported-study
#1
Jonathan L Temte, Shari Barlow, Amber Schemmel, Emily Temte, David L Hahn, Erik Reisdorf, Peter Shult, John Tamerius
INTRODUCTION: The goal of public health infectious disease surveillance systems is to provide accurate laboratory results in near-real time. When it comes to influenza surveillance, most current systems are encumbered with inherent delays encountered in the real-life chaos of medical practice. To combat this, we implemented and tested near-real-time surveillance using a rapid influenza detection test (RIDT) coupled with immediate, wireless transmission of results to public health entities...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914598/ovarian-cancer-prevalence-in-incidental-simple-adnexal-cysts-initially-identified-in-ct-examinations-of-the-abdomen-and-pelvis
#2
Johannes Boos, Olga R Brook, Jieming Fang, Alexander Brook, Deborah Levine
Purpose To evaluate the rate of malignancy in incidentally detected simple adnexal cysts at computed tomography (CT) to determine if simple-appearing cysts require follow-up. Materials and Methods In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study, an institutional database was searched for abdominal and pelvic CT studies performed between June 2003 and December 2010 in women reported to have adnexal cysts. Adnexal cyst characterization was determined by prospective report description as well as image review by a research fellow and by a fellowship-trained abdominal radiologist for examinations with disagreement between the original report and the research fellow's assessment...
September 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#3
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906299/integrated-plastic-surgery-residency-applicant-trends-and-comparison-with-other-surgical-specialties
#4
Jasson T Abraham, Anson V Nguyen, Robert A Weber
BACKGROUND: There has been a relatively rapid increase in the number and size of "integrated" residency programs in plastic surgery (PS) over the past decade. The objective of this study is to evaluate trends of US senior applicants of PS compared with other surgical specialties from 2007 to 2016. METHODS: Data were obtained from "NRMP: Main Residency Match" and from "NRMP: Charting Outcomes in the Match." Frequencies, percentages, and proportions were calculated for categorical variables...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906133/an-online-calculator-to-estimate-the-impact-of-changes-in-breastfeeding-rates-on-population-health-and-costs
#5
Alison M Stuebe, Briana J Jegier, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Brittany D Green, Arnold G Reinhold, Tarah T Colaizy, Debra L Bogen, Andrew J Schaefer, Jamus T Jegier, Noah S Green, Melissa C Bartick
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the impact of changes in breastfeeding rates on population health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a Monte Carlo simulation model to estimate the population-level changes in disease burden associated with marginal changes in rates of any breastfeeding at each month from birth to 12 months of life, and in rates of exclusive breastfeeding from birth to 6 months of life. We used these marginal estimates to construct an interactive online calculator (available at www...
September 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877865/developing-a-web-based-geolocated-directory-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-providing-clinics-the-prep-locator-protocol-and-operating-procedures
#6
Aaron J Siegler, Susan Wirtz, Shannon Weber, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV transmission, yet patients interested in learning more about PrEP or in getting a PrEP prescription may not be able to find local medical providers willing to prescribe PrEP. OBJECTIVE: We sought to create a national database of PrEP-providing clinics to allow for patients to have access to a unified, vetted source of PrEP providers in an easily accessible database...
September 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871808/sex-differences-in-radiologist-salary-in-u-s-public-medical-schools
#7
Neena Kapoor, Daniel M Blumenthal, Stacy E Smith, Ivan K Ip, Ramin Khorasani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate salary differences between male and female academic radiologists at U.S. medical schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laws in several U.S. states mandate public release of government records, including salary information of state employees. From online salary data published by 12 states, we extracted the salaries of all academic radiologists at 24 public medical schools during 2011-2013 (n = 573 radiologists). In this institutional review board-approved cross-sectional study, we linked these data to a physician database with information on physician sex, age, faculty rank, years since residency, clinical trial involvement, National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding, scientific publications, and clinical volume measured by 2013 Medicare payments...
September 5, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845470/the-ascent-allocation-system-changes-for-equity-in-kidney-transplantation-study-a-randomized-effectiveness-implementation-study-to-improve-kidney-transplant-waitlisting-and-reduce-racial-disparity
#8
Rachel E Patzer, Kayla Smith, Mohua Basu, Jennifer Gander, Sumit Mohan, Cam Escoffery, Laura Plantinga, Taylor Melanson, Sean Kalloo, Gary Green, Alex Berlin, Gary Renville, Teri Browne, Nicole Turgeon, Susan Caponi, Rebecca Zhang, Stephen Pastan
INTRODUCTION: The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) implemented a new Kidney Allocation System (KAS) in December 2014 that is expected to substantially reduce racial disparities in kidney transplantation among waitlisted patients. However, not all dialysis facility clinical providers and end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are aware of how the policy change could improve access to transplant. METHODS: We describe the ASCENT (Allocation System Changes for Equity in KidNey Transplantation) study, a randomized controlled effectiveness-implementation study designed to test the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention to improve access to the early steps of kidney transplantation among dialysis facilities across the United States...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844229/understanding-facilitators-and-barriers-to-care-transitions-insights-from-project-achieve-site-visits
#9
Allison M Scott, Jing Li, Sholabomi Oyewole-Eletu, Huong Q Nguyen, Brianna Gass, Karen B Hirschman, Suzanne Mitchell, Sharon M Hudson, Mark V Williams
BACKGROUND: Care transitions between clinicians or settings are often fragmented and marked by adverse events. To increase patient safety and deliver more efficient and effective health care, new ways to optimize these transitions need to be identified. A study was conducted to delineate facilitators and barriers to implementation of transitional care services at health systems that may have been adopted or adapted from published evidence-based models. METHODS: From March 2015 through December 2015, site visits were conducted across the United States at 22 health care organizations-community hospitals, academic medical centers, integrated health systems, and broader community partnerships...
September 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841625/american-society-of-maxillofacial-surgeons-2006-to-2016-another-decade-of-excellence-in-education-and-research
#10
Gaby Doumit, Ali Totonchi, Andy Wexler, Arun K Gosain
Over the past 10 years, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons (ASMS) has continued to advance to meet its mission of being the premier organization to represent maxillofacial and pediatric plastic surgery in the United States. These advances are focused on education of its members, to include the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons basic course, the preconference symposium, the annual meeting, two basic maxillofacial courses per year, advanced maxillofacial courses, a boot camp for craniofacial fellows, a cleft course, quarterly webinars, sponsored fellowships, a visiting professorship, and the ASMS journal...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840791/pediatric-pathology-fellowship-recruitment-report-of-a-survey-conducted-by-fellowship-committee-of-society-for-pediatric-pathology
#11
Vivekanand Singh, Karen Eldin, Charles Timmons, Jonathan Bush, Raja Rabah
Pediatric pathology (PP) is a subspecialty of pathology encompassing disease states during human development from the fetus to young adult. Despite the existence of ACGME-accredited fellowship programs and opportunity for pediatric pathology subspecialty board certification, many pediatric pathology fellowship positions remain unfilled in North America. We sought to understand the difficulties in recruitment to the PP training programs by conducting a survey. A 3-pronged survey targeting pathology residents (PR), PP fellows and recent fellowship graduates (F&G), and PP training programs was conducted...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831559/-ophthalmological-health-care-of-the-institutionalized-elderly-the-ovis-study
#12
P P Fang, A Schnetzer, D G Kupitz, A P Göbel, T Kohnen, T Reinhard, B Lorenz, H Hoerauf, L Wagenfeld, G Auffarth, F Schaub, H Thieme, B von Livonius, F Alten, A Robering, C Brandl, F Ziemssen, F Krummenauer, F G Holz, R P Finger
BACKGROUND: Due to demographic change and societal transformation the number of elderly persons living in retirement homes is growing in Germany. Access to health care is more complicated in the setting of nursing homes. Different regional studies suggest unmet ophthalmological health care needs in institutionalized elderly people. This study assessed the current ophthalmological health care structure and supply status in nursing homes in Germany. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted by 14 study centers in Germany...
August 22, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829525/state-survey-of-medical-boards-regarding-abrupt-loss-of-a-prescriber-of-controlled-substances
#13
Leah Sera, Micke Brown, Mary Lynn McPherson, Kathryn A Walker, Wendy Klein-Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate states' experiences with abrupt changes in controlled substances (CS) prescribing, to determine whether states have action plans in place to manage such situations, and describe the components of any such plans. METHODS: A survey of executive directors of 51 medical boards was conducted to evaluate states' experiences with abrupt changes in CS prescribing, the extent of consumer complaints attributed to these events, and the types of plans in place to manage these situations...
March 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827266/assessing-residents-knowledge-of-patient-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-large-academic-medical-centre
#14
Diana E Stewart, Bich N Dang, Barbara Trautner, Cecilia Cai, Sergio Torres, Teri Turner
OBJECTIVES: Patient satisfaction impacts healthcare quality and outcomes. Residents play an important role in patient satisfaction at academic institutions. This study aims to assess residents' patient satisfaction knowledge and determine which learning experiences contributed to their knowledge acquisition. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a health science university in a large, urban, tertiary-care academic medical centre in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: All residents from internal medicine (n=185) and paediatrics (n=156) were asked to participate...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818147/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-fatal-accidents-in-aviation-medicine
#15
Tanja Laukkala, Robert Bor, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Pooshan Navathe, Markku Sainio, Alpo Vuorio
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interfere with functioning and/or development. ADHD occurs in about 2.5% of adults. ADHD can be an excluding medical condition among pilots due to the risk of attentional degradation and therefore impact on flight safety. Diagnosis of ADHD is complex, which complicates aeromedical assessment. This study highlights fatal accident cases among pilots with ADHD and discusses protocols to detect its presence to help to assess its importance to flight safety...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#16
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810978/factors-associated-with-medical-school-entrants-interest-in-military-financial-assistance-in-exchange-for-a-service-obligation-the-michigan-state-university-college-of-human-medicine-cohort
#17
Dean G Sienko, Kathleen Oberst
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. military offers comprehensive scholarships to medical students to help offset costs in exchange for either reserve or active duty service commitments. Our goal was to describe to what degree newly admitted students to Michigan State University's College of Human Medicine were aware of and interested in these opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 176 newly admitted students at the beginning and immediately following a presentation on military medicine opportunities...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801413/effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-after-a-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-protocol-for-an-observational-study-for-the-comparison-of-usual-care-in-the-netherlands-versus-germany
#18
Gesine H Seeber, Annet Wijnen, Djordje Lazovic, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Günter Dietz, Christiaan P van Lingen, Martin Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder worldwide. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is considered one of the most effective treatments for end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The number of THAs is expected to increase dramatically in the coming decades. Usual postoperative rehabilitation after primary THA differs between the German and the Dutch system. In the Netherlands, patients undergo fast-track surgery and are discharged into their home environment within a few days without receiving any aftercare...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781132/-taking-training-to-the-next-level-the-american-college-of-surgeons-committee-on-residency-training-survey
#19
Richard B Damewood, Patrice Gabler Blair, Yoon Soo Park, Linda K Lupi, Rachel Williams Newman, Ajit K Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) appointed a committee of leaders from the ACS, Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and American Board of Surgery to define key challenges facing surgery resident training programs and to explore solutions. The committee wanted to solicit the perspectives of surgery resident program directors (PDs) given their pivotal role in residency training. DESIGN: Two surveys were developed, pilot tested, and administered to PDs following Institutional Review Board approval...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#20
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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