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medical licensure boards

Denise F Lillvis, Robert J McGrath
State medical boards are increasingly responsible for regulating medical and osteopathic licensure and professional conduct in the United States. Yet, there is great variation in the extent to which such boards take disciplinary action against physicians, indicating that some boards are more zealous regulators than others. We look to the political roots of such variation and seek to answer a simple, yet important, question: are nominally apolitical state medical boards responsive to political preferences? To address this question, we use panel data on disciplinary actions across sixty-four state medical boards from 1993 through 2006 and control for over-time changes in board characteristics (e...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Raymond C K Chan, Ya Wang, Yi Wang, Eric F C Cheung
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue. The objective was to review history, educational and training pathways, licensure and board certification, practice and compensation, and unique aspects of, or challenges faced by, neuropsychology in mainland China. METHOD: Historical, scientific, and clinical literatures were reviewed and integrated. RESULTS: The history of neuropsychology in mainland China is traced back to the late 1930s...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jeanne M Sandella, John R Gimpel, Larissa L Smith, John R Boulet
BACKGROUND: The Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) are recognized by all state medical licensing boards in the United States, and the Federation of State Medical Boards has supported the validity of both examinations for medical licensure. Many osteopathic medical students take both examinations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate performance on COMLEX-USA Level 1 and USMLE Step 1 of students from colleges of osteopathic medicine where the majority of students took both examinations...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Jamie Boydstun, Jeralynn S Cossman
INTRODUCTION: Physician shortages in the USA, an issue that has been particularly challenging in Mississippi, have been a concern among health scholars and policy makers for several decades. Physician shortages hinder residents from easily obtaining routine care, potentially magnifying health disparities. This study examines physician career life expectancy, or how long physicians typically practice, in Mississippi. METHODS: Data on Mississippi's physician population actively involved between 2007 and 2011 were obtained from the Mississippi State Board of Medical Licensure...
April 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Tanya Horsley, Jocelyn Lockyer, Elise Cogo, Jeanie Zeiter, Ford Bursey, Craig Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To explore and categorise the state of existing literature for national programmes designed to affirm or establish the continuing competence of physicians. DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, ERIC, Sociological Abstracts, web/grey literature (2000-2014). SELECTION: Included when a record described a (1) national-level physician validation system, (2) recognised as a system for affirming competence and (3) reported relevant data...
2016: BMJ Open
John Alexander Harris, Elena Byhoff
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the variation in the rate of state medical board physician disciplinary actions between US states. METHODS: Longitudinal study of state medical board physician disciplinary action rates using the US National Practitioner Data Bank and American Medical Association estimates of physician demographics across all 50 states and the District of Columbia from 2010 to 2014. Results were reliability adjusted using a multilevel logistic model controlling for year of disciplinary action, physicians per capita in each state and the rate of malpractice claims per physician in each state...
March 23, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
Azza AbuDagga, Sidney M Wolfe, Michael Carome, Robert E Oshel
BACKGROUND: Little information exists on U.S. physicians who have been disciplined with licensure or restriction-of-clinical-privileges actions or have had malpractice payments because of sexual misconduct. Our objectives were to: (1) determine the number of these physicians and compare their age groups' distribution with that of the general U.S. physician population; (2) compare the type of disciplinary actions taken against these physicians with actions taken against physicians disciplined for other offenses; (3) compare the characteristics and type of injury among victims of these physicians with those of victims in reports for physicians with other offenses in malpractice-payment reports; and (4) determine the percentages of physicians with clinical-privileges or malpractice-payment reports due to sexual misconduct who were not disciplined by medical boards...
2016: PloS One
Kathleen L Linaker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine literature on radiological student evaluation and outcome assessments including national board examinations. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed using relevant key words. Articles were retrieved through December 2012 using PubMed, ScienceDirect, ERIC, Proquest, and ICL databases along with a manual review of references. RESULTS: Of the 4716 unique abstracts reviewed by the author, 54 were found to be relevant to the purpose of this study...
December 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Tracy Onega, Lisa M Reisch, Paul D Frederick, Berta M Geller, Heidi D Nelson, Jason P Lott, Andrea C Radick, David E Elder, Raymond L Barnhill, Michael W Piepkorn, Joann G Elmore
Digital whole slide imaging (WSI) is an emerging technology for pathology interpretation, with specific challenges for dermatopathology, yet little is known about pathologists' practice patterns or perceptions regarding WSI for interpretation of melanocytic lesions. A national sample of pathologists (Nā€‰=ā€‰207) was recruited from 864 invited pathologists from ten US states (CA, CT, HI, IA, KY, LA, NJ, NM, UT, and WA). Pathologists who had interpreted melanocytic lesions in the past year were surveyed in this cross-sectional study...
April 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
John S Antalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia
Bradley D Freeman
Approaches to postgraduate medical training have evolved substantially in recent years, reflecting the complexity of the educational mission. Residency programs seek to produce clinicians who achieve board certification as an attestation of their competency. Certification criteria are established by the American Board of Medical Specialties, are consistent from state to state, and include periods of supervised instruction ranging from as few as three years (for primary care specialties) to much longer for selected disciplines...
January 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Janis M Orlowski
In his Commentary in this issue, Dr. Freeman asks whether it is time to rethink postgraduate training requirements for licensure. The majority of U.S. states require a minimum of one year of postgraduate residency training to qualify for a medical license. The original rationale for requiring just a single year of training dates back over half a century to the era of a general practitioner completing medical school followed by a rotating internship prior to heading out into independent general practice. Today, however, the requirement for a single year of training for licensure is in direct contrast to the more rigorous requirements for specialty certification, the current trend in medical education toward competency-based training, and the unanimous agreement among national organizations that readiness for independent practice usually takes three to five years of progressive training...
January 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Karen A Brown, JoAnn P Fenn, Vicki S Freeman, Patrick B Fisher, Jonathan R Genzen, Nancy Goodyear, Mary Lunz Houston, Mary Elizabeth O'Brien, Patricia A Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Research in several professional fields has demonstrated that delays (time lapse) in taking certification examinations may result in poorer performance by examinees. Thirteen states and/or territories require licensure for laboratory personnel. A core component of licensure is passing a certification exam. Also, many facilities in states that do not require licensure require certification for employment or preferentially hire certified individuals. OBJECTIVE: To analyze examinee performance on the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) Board of Certification (BOC) Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS) and Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) certification examinations to determine whether delays in taking the examination from the time of program completion are associated with poorer performance...
2015: Laboratory Medicine
David O Warner, Keith Berge, Huaping Sun, Ann Harman, Andrew Hanson, Darrell R Schroeder
BACKGROUND: The goal of this work is to evaluate selected risk factors and outcomes for substance use disorder (SUD) in physicians enrolled in anesthesiology residencies approved by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. METHODS: For each of 384 individuals with evidence of SUD while in primary residency training in anesthesiology from 1975 to 2009, two controls (n = 768) who did not develop SUD were identified and matched for sex, age, primary residency program, and program start date...
October 2015: Anesthesiology
Charles G Prober, Joseph C Kolars, Lewis R First, Donald E Melnick
The three-step United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) was developed by the National Board of Medical Examiners and the Federation of State Medical Boards to provide medical licensing authorities a uniform evaluation system on which to base licensure. The test results appear to be a good measure of content knowledge and a reasonable predictor of performance on subsequent in-training and certification exams. Nonetheless, it is disconcerting that the test preoccupies so much of students' attention with attendant substantial costs (in time and money) and mental and emotional anguish...
January 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Eric S Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Texas Dental Journal
Jon A Baldwin, Asim K Bag, Sharon L White, Fathima F Palot-Manzil, Janis P O'Malley
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the training requirements for practicing nuclear radiology, the scope of licensing, how to start a new practice, and the key concepts an authorized user needs to know for responsible use of radiopharmaceuticals. CONCLUSION: Physicians responsible for the daily operations of nuclear medicine clinics often find the regulations concerning the safe handling and administration of radiopharmaceuticals daunting. Even experienced authorized users have concerns about handling many new therapeutic agents...
August 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Ku-Lang Chang, Roger Fillingim, Robert W Hurley, Siegfried Schmidt
Legal and licensure issues are an inevitable aspect of treating patients with chronic pain. Clinicians need to ensure compliance with state medical board and federal guidelines. Prescription drug abuse continues to be a significant problem. Despite the legalization of medical marijuana in some states, there is currently no medical indication for prescribing marijuana; the exceptions are dronabinol and nabilone. These are approved by the Food and Drug Administration for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and dronabinol also is approved for anorexia in patients with AIDS or cancer...
May 2015: FP Essentials
David Alan Johnson
The absence of medical licensing laws in most states during the years following the American Civil War made it possible for unscrupulous individuals to capitalize upon the weak governmental role in medical practice and educational charters. The practices of John Buchanan during much of his tenure at the Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania, in issuing thousands of dubiously earned diplomas, caused a national and international scandal. The traffic in diplomas became so flagrant that regulatory oversight of physicians and their practice, such as that conducted by the Illinois Board of Health led by Dr...
2015: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Mi Kyoung Yim
PURPOSE: The Korean Medical Licensing Examination (KMLE) has undergone a variety of innovative reforms implemented by the National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board (NHPLEB) in order to make it a competency-based test. The purpose of this article is to describe the ways in which the KMLE has been reformed and the effect of those innovations on medical education in Korea. METHODS: Changes in the KMLE were traced from 1994 to 2014 by reviewing the adoption of new policies by the NHPLEB and the relevant literature...
2015: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
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