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Pars plana vitrectomy

Hong He, Xiaolian Chen, Hongshan Liu, Jiaochan Wu, Xingwu Zhong
BACKGROUND: Postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is a severe eye infection that can lead to irreversible blindness in the affected eye. The characteristics, treatment and prognosis of this disease vary because of its association with different pathogens. Here, we report what is possibly the first case of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery to be associated with the rare pathogen Earliella scabrosa. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old man from Hainan Island (China) with a history of phacoemulsification and type II diabetes mellitus underwent intraocular lens (IOL) implantation...
February 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Kenji Yamashiro, Eri Kinoshita-Nakano, Toru Ota, Yoko Jingami, Isao Nakata, Hisako Hayashi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical results of macular hole (MH) in patients with high myopia treated with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) leaving the internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap floating in vitreous fluid at the edge of the MH. METHODS: Nine highly myopic eyes with MH of nine consecutive patients who underwent PPV were retrospectively evaluated. Three eyes were accompanied by retinal detachment (RD). ILM peeling was performed around the MH and some part of the ILM flap was left attached to the edge of the MH...
February 16, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Je Moon Woo, Yo Sep Yoon, Jong Eun Woo, Jung Kee Min
PURPOSE: To investigate foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area after surgery in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) that involved or uninvolved the macula, and to evaluate the correlation between FAZ area and visual outcomes using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 34 eyes (34 patients) with recent onset RRD that were successfully repaired with a single, uncomplicated surgical procedure (pars plana vitrectomy with gas tamponade)...
February 16, 2018: Current Eye Research
D Heinrich, S Bohnacker, M A Nasseri, N Feucht, C P Lohmann, M Maier
BACKGROUND: High-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is a gold standard technique for diagnosis, management and monitoring of patients with vitreoretinal diseases. Preoperative diagnostics for evaluation of intraocular and retinal status in patients with vitreous haemorrhage are limited, thus final therapeutic decisions can only be made during explorative vitrectomy. We evaluated the use of intraoperative SD-OCT (iSD-OCT) as a real-time additional diagnostic tool during explorative vitrectomy in patients with vitreous haemorrhage...
February 15, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Ahmad Mirshahi, Alireza Lashay, Mohammad Reza Mehrabi Bahar, Mojtaba Abrishami
Background: Mitomycin C (MMC) as an alkylating agent is miscellaneous an antineoplastic, antibiotic and ophthalmic agent. Here we aim to report a case of inadvertent intravitreal MMC injection instead of Avastin in case of diabetic macular edema. Case presentation: A 53 years old woman was planned to receive intravitreal Avastin injection, but accidentally, 0.05 ml of MMC 0.2% was injected. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/160 before injection. After 2 days, patient was referred to a tertiary referral eye center...
2018: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
Mario R Romano, Gilda Cennamo, Chiara Comune, Michela Cennamo, Mariantonia Ferrara, Luca Rombetto, Giovanni Cennamo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of a three-dimensional heads-up microscope (3DM) during 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) compared with a traditional ophthalmic microscope (TM) in terms of efficacy, safety, and teaching and learning satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective comparative interventional study. Fifty eyes affected by one of the following diseases: rhegmatogenous or tractional retinal detachment, epiretinal membrane, full-thickness macular hole, vitreous hemorrhage, or dropped lens...
February 15, 2018: Eye
Jason Hsu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe a novel use of the flexible nitinol loop membrane scraper (FINESSE Flex loop; Alcon, Fort Worth, TX) for rescue and refixation of a dislocated intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: A 27-gauge nitinol flex loop was used to lasso each haptic of a dislocated 3-piece IOL. By retracting the loop, the haptic could be effectively locked to the instrument and externalized through a scleral tunnel, thereby fixating it to the sclera in a sutureless fashion...
February 13, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Laura Sararols, Karim Bañon, Gabriel Londoño, Miguel Castilla, Mercé Guarro
PURPOSE: Our aim is to present in this online supplementa ry video (see an easy new surgical technique using blue dye to dissect the posterior hyaloid when performing pars plana vitrectomy. PROCEDURES: Dual-Blue stain is injected in vitreous cavity just after central vitrectomy is performed. The distribution of the blue stain will allow us to know if there is a posterior vitreous detachment or not ("blue lake fashion" or "blue jelly fashion," respectively) and as an excellent visualization of the vitreous fibers is accomplished, dissection of the posterior hyaloid can be performed without difficulty...
February 13, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Gregg T Kokame, Ryan T Yanagihara, Jessica G Shantha, Kyle N Kaneko
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term stability of sutured scleral-fixated posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOL) performed in combination with pars plana vitrectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series METHODS: Retrospective single-surgeon study of 118 eyes of 111 patients seen at Retina Consultants of Hawaii, who underwent sutured scleral fixation of at least one haptic of a posterior chamber intraocular lens with 10-0 polypropylene combined with a pars plana vitrectomy...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Parveen Sen, Vinay Kumar S, Pramod Bhende, Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Chetan Rao, Dhanashree Ratra, Pradeep Susvar, Sreelakshmi Kummamuri, Sufiyan Shaikh, Lingam Gopal
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome and complications of sutured scleral fixated intraocular lenses (SSFIOL) in children. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SUBJECTS: A total of 279 eyes of 230 children who underwent SSFIOL at ≤18 years of age in a tertiary eye care centre in India. METHODS: Treatment-naive children having traumatic cataract or subluxated lens underwent a single-sitting lensectomy and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), along with SSFIOL insertion...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Abhishek Varshney, Manmath Das, Priyanka Chaudhary, Rashmi Kumari, Kusha Yadav
We report a case of a 55-year-old female who presented with pain, redness, and profound visual loss in her right eye 2 weeks after cataract surgery. An ophthalmic examination showed light perception vision, corneal edema with severe anterior chamber reaction and hypopyon, exudative membranes on the anterior lens surface, and dense vitreous exudates. Under the impression of acute postoperative exogenous endophthalmitis, immediate pars plana vitrectomy with culture of vitreous aspirate and intravitreal antibiotic injections were performed...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Greg D Fliney, Paula E Pecen, Jennifer N Cathcart, Alan G Palestine
PURPOSE: To describe how vitreoretinal specialists have incorporated the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study (EVS) findings into current practice, to highlight divergences from the EVS recommendations, and address the role of microbial culture in guiding additional treatments. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of vitreoretinal specialists regarding indications used for performing a pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), selection of antibiotics for treatment, utilization of cultures, and treatment strategies for treatment-refractory patients with bacterial endophthalmitis...
February 7, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Cyrus M Shroff, Charu Gupta, Daraius Shroff, Neelam Atri, Priyanka Gupta, Ranjan Dutta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual and anatomical outcomes and safety of bimanual microincision vitreous surgery for severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: Retrospective review of 315 eyes of 282 patients who underwent 23-gauge or 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with bimanual membrane dissection for diabetic tractional detachment from January 2007 to September 2016. Minimum follow-up was 3 months, and the average duration of follow-up was 23 months (range 3-100 months; median 15 months)...
February 5, 2018: Retina
P Udaondo, A Barreiro-González, S García-Delpech, R Martínez-Costa, Á Cisneros-Lanuza
CASE REPORT: A 53 year-old woman with a stage 2 macular hole received ocriplasmin injection as a first approach. She subsequently underwent pars plana vitrectomy due to enlargement of the hole post-injection. The visual gain following the surgery was minimal despite closure of the hole. This could be explained by outer retina atrophy as a consequence of potential toxic mechanisms related to ocriplasmin. DISCUSSION: Further studies may be warranted to fully understand the impact of ocriplasmin on long-term visual function...
February 2, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Neha Goel
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of combined pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and trans-scleral 4-point suture fixation of a foldable Akreos AO60 intraocular lens (IOL) in eyes with subluxated or dislocated lens or IOL. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 20 eyes of 18 patients who underwent this procedure with a minimum follow-up of 3 months. Outcome measures included final best-corrected Snellen visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE) and intraoperative and postoperative complications...
February 5, 2018: Eye
Ilkay Kilic Muftuoglu, Tiezhu Lin, Eric Nudleman, Raouf Gaber, Dirk-Uwe Bartsch, William R Freeman
PURPOSE: To demonstrate factors related to the presence of subfoveal detachment (SD) secondary to epiretinal membrane (ERM) and to characterize the predictors for the resolution of SD after membrane peeling. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy for the idiopathic ERM peeling. Preoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography characteristics of the eyes including central foveal thickness, foveal center point thickness, presence of intraretinal cyst, continuity of the membrane, area of the membrane within fovea (1 mm), and entire macula (6 mm) were evaluated to find the best predictors for the presence of SD...
January 31, 2018: Retina
Saeed Karimi, Morteza Entezari, Homayoun Nikkhah, Hamed Esfandiari, Tahereh Darvishpoor, Mehdi Tavakoli, Sare Safi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of intravitreal silicone oil (SO) on subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT). METHODS: A total of 60 patients with unilateral pseudophakic macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were treated with a three-port pars plana vitrectomy and a 5,700-cSt SO endo-tamponade and subsequent SO removal. SFCT was measured before and 3 months after SO removal. The main outcome measure was the difference between the SFCT of operated eyes and the fellow eyes...
January 25, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Danilo Iannetta, Leonore Engelbrecht, Marco Mura
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of different types of nitinol baskets to capture, lift and hold the lens material, dropped during a complicated phacoemulsification, as an adjunctive surgical tool in vitreoretinal surgery and to evaluate the outcomes and complication of this new surgical technique in a small series of patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for retained lens fragments operated during December 2014 and March 2015 at the Academic Medical Center (AMC), Amsterdam, were included in this study...
February 1, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Yutaka Imamura, Masahiro Ishida
PURPOSE: To determine the changes in retinal thickness and whether they correlate with the size of the macular hole (MH) after vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series METHODS: Consecutive patients with an MH and undergoing pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling were studied. The retinal thicknesses in the inner 4 sectors as defined by the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study were measured using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) before and at 2 weeks and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the surgery...
January 30, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Yi-Chieh Tsai, Chun-Yuan Kuo, Jia-Wei Lin, Shun-Tai Yang, Shih-Chung Lai, Jo-Ting Tsai
Radiosurgery serves an important function in the treatment of patients with intraocular tumors and preserves visual function via organ conservation. Therefore, it is important to ensure the safety and precision of GK-SRS as a primary treatment for intraocular tumors. The present case study described a 57-year-old female with uveal melanoma treated with GK-SRS. Retrobulbar anesthesia following fixation of the treated eye, via the suture of two of the extraocular muscles to the stereotactic frame, was performed to immobilize the eye during treatment...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
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