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distance education

Katherine Spradley, Kyra E Stull, Joseph T Hefner
Research by economists suggests that recent Mexican migrants are better educated and have higher socioeconomic status (SES) than previous migrants. Because factors associated with higher SES and improved education can lead to positive secular changes in overall body form, secular changes in the craniofacial complex were analyzed within a recent migrant group from Mexico. The Mexican group represents individuals in the act of migration, not yet influenced by the American environment, and thus can serve as a starting point for future studies of secular change in this population group...
January 2016: Human Biology
Kinga Morsanyi, Eileen O'Mahony, Teresa McCormack
Recent evidence has highlighted the important role that number ordering skills play in arithmetic abilities (e.g., Lyons & Beilock, 2011). In fact, Lyons et al. (2014) demonstrated that although at the start of formal mathematics education number comparison skills are the best predictors of arithmetic performance, from around the age of 10, number ordering skills become the strongest numerical predictors of arithmetic abilities. In the current study, we demonstrated that number comparison and ordering skills were both significantly related to arithmetic performance in adults, and the effect size was greater in the case of ordering skills...
October 13, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
Charla L Howard, Chris Wallace, James Abbas, Dobrivoje S Stokic
We developed and evaluated properties of a new measure of variability in stride length and cadence, termed residual standard deviation (RSD). To calculate RSD, stride length and cadence are regressed against velocity to derive the best fit line from which the variability (SD) of the distance between the actual and predicted data points is calculated. We examined construct, concurrent, and discriminative validity of RSD using dual-task paradigm in 14 below-knee prosthesis users and 13 age- and education-matched controls...
September 26, 2016: Gait & Posture
V Surekha, T A Thomas, R D Zechariah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Hieronymus J M Gijselaers, Paul A Kirschner, Renate H M de Groot
Consumption of breakfast, fish, or caffeine are each separately often investigated in relation to learning performance in traditional education, but not in distance education (DE). The objective of this study was to investigate whether the relations between the consumption of breakfast, fish, and/or caffeine on the one hand and learning performance on the other are also found in DE students. This population is different from traditional students and characterized by a different profile in terms of age, personal and work responsibilities as well as other demographics...
October 6, 2016: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
Kolsoum Deldar, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy, Seyed Mahmood Tara
BACKGROUND: The goal of teleconsultation is to omit geographical and functional distance between two or more geographically separated health care providers. The purpose of present study is to review and analyze physician-physician teleconsultations. METHOD: The PubMed electronic database was searched. The primary search was done on January 2015 and was updated on December 2015. A fetch and tag plan was designed by the researchers using an online Zotero library. RESULTS: 174 full-text articles of 1702 records met inclusion criteria...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Zhifei He, Zhaohui Cheng, Tian Shao, Chunyan Liu, Piaopiao Shao, Ghose Bishwajit, Da Feng, Zhanchun Feng
OBJECTIVES: Health knowledge and behaviors are the key elements that ensure high quality of health for the elderly. This study explored and determined the conditions and factors of health knowledge and behaviors that affect the elderly in rural China. METHODS: A cross-sectional research approach and random stratified sampling method were used in 12 towns and 48 villages in the Chongqing Municipality, Henan, and Zhejiang Provinces in China from June to September 2013...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Célestin Ndosimao Nsibu, Célestin Manianga, Serge Kapanga, Esther Mona, Philippe Pululu, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Background. Antenatal care (ANC) attendance helps pregnant women to benefit from preventive and curative services. Methods. Determinants for ANC attendance were identified through a cross-sectional survey in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Sociocultural bottlenecks were assessed via focus groups discussion of married men and women. Results. In this survey, 28 of the 500 interviewed pregnant women (5.6%) did not attend ANC services and 82.4% booked over the first trimester. The first visit is positively influenced by the reproductive age (OR: 0...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Arun Kumar Jain, Chintan Malhotra, Anand Pasari, Pawan Kumar, Majid Moshirfar
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of topography-guided and wavefront-optimized treatment in patients having laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. SETTING: Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. DESIGN: Prospective contralateral-eye case study. METHODS: Patients had topography-guided LASIK in 1 eye and wavefront-optimized LASIK in the contralateral eye using the Customized Refractive Surgery Master software and Mel 80 excimer laser...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Hamzeh Al Zabadi, Belal Rahhal, Azmi Mahmoud Ali Hussein, Jamal Shaker Mahmoud, Basel Mansour, Ahmad Ibrahim Khasati, Abdelkhaleq Issa
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in the effects of essential oils on athletic performances and other physiological effects. This study aimed to assess the effects of Citrus sinensis flower and Mentha spicata leaves essential oils inhalation in two different groups of athlete male students on their exercise performance and lung function. METHODS: Twenty physical education students volunteered to participate in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: Mentha spicata and Citrus sinensis (ten participants each)...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Sandra Jellema, Suzanne van Hees, Jana Zajec, Rob van der Sande, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Esther Mj Steultjens
OBJECTIVE: Identify the environmental factors that influence stroke-survivors' reengagement in personally valued activities and determine what specific environmental factors are related to specific valued activity types. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched until June 2016 using multiple search-terms for stroke, activities, disability, and home and community environments. REVIEW METHODS: An integrated mixed-method systematic review of qualitative, quantitative and mixed-design studies was conducted...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Seema R Khurana, Alexandria G Beranger, Elizabeth R Felix
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the direct comparison of energy cost, efficiency, and effort between an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) and a functional electrical stimulation (FES) device for foot drop in ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: Twenty adults (32-74 years old; 55% female) with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis resulting in foot drop participated in a crossover, counterbalanced preliminary study. Each participant was tested on different days, with each session consisting of a separate walk trial per prosthetic device...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Behzad Basirat, Mashyaneh Haddadi
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle riders are amongst some of the most vulnerable road users. The burden of motorcycles injuries from low and middle income countries is under-reported. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the cost of traffic injuries among motorcyclists was calculated using the willingness to pay (WTP) method in Iran in 2013. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 143 motorcyclists were randomly selected. The research questionnaire was prepared based on the standard WTP method [stated preference (SP), contingent value (CV) and revealed preference (RP) models] taking into consideration perceived risks, especially those in Iran...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Joshua O Akinyemi, Rotimi F Afolabi, Olutosin A Awolude
BACKGROUND: The maternal, newborn and child health care continuum require that mother/child pair should receive the full package of antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal care in order to derive maximum benefits. Continuity of care is a challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. In this study, we investigate the patterns and factors associated with dropout in the continuum of maternity (antenatal, delivery and postnatal) care in Nigeria. METHOD: Using women recode file from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, we analysed data on 20,467 women with an index birth within 5 years prior to data collection...
September 27, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Alemi Kebede, Kalkidan Hassen, Aderajew Nigussie Teklehaymanot
BACKGROUND: Most obstetric complications occur unpredictably during the time of delivery, but they can be prevented with proper medical care in the health facilities. Despite the Ethiopian government's efforts to expand health service facilities and promote health institution-based delivery service in the country, an estimated 85% of births still take place at home. OBJECTIVE: The review was conducted with the aim of generating the best evidence on the determinants of institutional delivery service utilization in Ethiopia...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Shaunta Ray
PURPOSE: We provide an overview of the Recovery-based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in psychiatric mental health (PMH) nursing, pharmacy, nutrition, and exercise physiology, with faculty from the four professions represented. CONCLUSIONS: Interprofessional education can enhance team concepts in these professions and is viewed positively by students and faculty. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Interprofessional learning opportunities prepare graduates to contribute to team-based care...
September 27, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Lei-Shih Chen, Ming Li, Divya Talwar, Lei Xu, Mei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Family health history (FHH) plays a significant role in early disease detection and prevention. Although Asian Americans are the fastest growing U.S. immigrant group, no data exists regarding Chinese Americans' (the largest Asian subgroup) views and use of FHH. This study examines this important issue. METHODS: Forty-nine adults from southern U.S. Chinese American communities participated in this qualitative, semi-structured, in-depth interview study...
2016: PloS One
Mark F Lutz, Stuart T Haines, Christine A Lesch, Paul M Szumita
PURPOSE: Results of the MENTORED QUALITY IMPROVEMENT IMPACT PROGRAM℠ (MQIIP) on Ensuring Insulin Pen Safety in Hospitals, which was part of an ASHP educational initiative aimed at ensuring the safe use of insulin pens in hospitals, are described. METHODS: During this ASHP initiative, which also included continuing-education activities and Web-based resources, distance mentoring by pharmacists with expertise in the safe use of insulin pens was provided to interprofessional teams at 14 hospitals between September 2014 and May 2015...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Annette M Johansson, Inger Lindberg, Siv Söderberg
BACKGROUND: Patients living in rural areas often need to travel long distances for access to specialist care. To increase access to specialist care, video consultation between patients in primary healthcare and specialist care has been used. In order for this new method to be developed and used to the fullest, it is important to understand healthcare personnel's experiences with this intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe healthcare personnel's experiences using video consultation in their work in primary healthcare...
September 19, 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Sally Hardy, Manyara Mushore, Linda Goddard
OBJECTIVE: The integration of technology in nurse education has become an essential element of academic practice. Yet innovation uptake between academic institutions across the four countries of the UK and their clinical practice partners has proved problematic, leading to a slow introduction of digitally enhanced teaching and learning innovations, particularly in the area of clinical decision making and leadership. PARTICIPANTS: The Virtual in Practice Support (VIPS) project involved two academic institutions working with the same mental health care service partner aiming to maximise student clinical placement learning...
November 2016: Nurse Education Today
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