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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432560/executive-function-and-life-space-mobility-in-old-age
#1
Taina Poranen-Clark, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Johanna Eronen, Markku Kauppinen, Johan G Eriksson, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen
BACKGROUND: Life-space assessment incorporates all movements in terms of the distance from home, the frequency of movement and the need of assistance for movement. Executive function (EF) is an important higher order cognitive ability that controls and guides people's goal-directed actions. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between EF and life-space mobility, and investigated if perceived walking difficulties, lower extremity performance, and transportation difficulties explain the association...
April 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422613/the-impact-of-prospective-telemedicine-implementation-in-the-management-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-recife-brazil
#2
Francisco Pedrosa, Faisal Shaikh, Gaston Rivera, Raul Ribeiro, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: A gap in childhood cancer outcomes remains between developed and developing countries. Persistence of this gap may be caused by financial, social, or educational disparities. Twinning and distance learning initiatives may improve such disparities. Integrating telemedicine into pediatric oncology twinning programs enhances education and facilitates patient-centered capacity building. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an analysis of Web-based meetings held from August 2005 through July 2009 between the International Outreach Program at St...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391127/the-role-of-spatially-derived-access-to-care-characteristics-in-melanoma-prevention-and-control-in-los-angeles-county
#3
Loraine A Escobedo, Ashley Crew, Ariana Eginli, David Peng, Michael R Cousineau, Myles Cockburn
Among 10,068 incident cases of invasive melanoma, we examined the effects of patient characteristics and access-to-care on the risk of advanced melanoma. Access-to-care was defined in terms of census tract-level sociodemographics, health insurance, cost of dermatological services and appointment wait-times, clinic density and travel distance. Public health insurance and education level were the strongest predictors of advanced melanomas but were modified by race/ethnicity and poverty: Hispanic whites and high-poverty neighborhoods were worse off than non-Hispanic whites and low-poverty neighborhoods...
April 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389794/construct-and-face-validity-of-the-educational-computer-based-environment-ece-assessment-scenarios-for-basic-endoneurosurgery-skills
#4
Nergiz Ercil Cagiltay, Erol Ozcelik, Gokhan Sengul, Mustafa Berker
BACKGROUND: In neurosurgery education, there is a paradigm shift from time-based training to criterion-based model for which competency and assessment becomes very critical. Even virtual reality simulators provide alternatives to improve education and assessment in neurosurgery programs and allow for several objective assessment measures, there are not many tools for assessing the overall performance of trainees. This study aims to develop and validate a tool for assessing the overall performance of participants in a simulation-based endoneurosurgery training environment...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384362/impact-of-distance-education-on-academic-performance-in-a-pharmaceutical-care-course
#5
Agnes Nogueira Gossenheimer, Tamires Bem, Mára Lucia Fernandes Carneiro, Mauro Silveira de Castro
The objective of this study was to compare the performance of pharmacy students from a Pharmaceutical Care course, taught in both distance education (DE) and campus-based formats using active methodologies. For two semesters, students (n = 82) taking the course studied half the subject in the distance education format and half in person. Questionnaires were applied at the beginning of the semester aimed to outline the demographic profile of the students. Their grade in the course was evaluated to determine their performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382415/the-case-for-the-genetic-nurse-in-south-africa
#6
REVIEW
Helen L Malherbe, Arnold L Christianson, David Woods, Colleen Aldous
The care and prevention of congenital disorders (CDs) is an emerging but unprioritised health need in South Africa (SA). Inadequate empirical data and underreporting conceal the true burden of CDs while medical genetic services to confront the problem have regressed. Positive epidemiological transition in the country now demands these services are improved to significantly further reduce child mortality. Current sector capacity in SA is inadequate and required personnel targets will not be reached quickly enough to meet the growing health need even if relevant posts are designated...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381420/continuum-beliefs-and-stigmatising-beliefs-about-mental-illness-results-from-an-asian-community-survey
#7
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence and correlates of continuum beliefs for five mental illnesses in a multiethnic population and to explore its association with stigma. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING: A national study in a multiethnic Asian country. PARTICIPANTS: A comprehensive study of 3006 Singapore residents (Singapore citizens and permanent residents) aged 18-65 years who were living in Singapore at the time of the survey...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376916/utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
BACKGROUND: Information on health-seeking behavior and utilization of health facilities in slums of Addis Ababa is scarce, impeding the implementation of effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to assess the status of health facilities utilization and predictors for health-seeking behavior of mothers/caregivers of under-five children with acute diarrhea in slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study design was employed in five rounds of surveys in seven kebeles in slums of Addis Ababa among 472 mothers/caregivers of 472 under-five children with acute diarrhea in reference to Andersen's behavioral model...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370020/development-of-the-open-source-dose-calculation-and-optimization-toolkit-matrad
#9
Hans-Peter Wieser, Eduardo Cisternas, Niklas Wahl, Silke Ulrich, Alexander Stadler, Henning Mescher, Lucas-Raphael Müller, Thomas Klinge, Hubert Gabrys, Lucas Burigo, Mark Bangert, Andrea Mairani, Swantje Ecker, Benjamin Ackermann, Malte Ellerbrock, Katia Parodi, Oliver Jäkel
PURPOSE: We report on the development of the open-source cross-platform radiation treatment planning toolkit matRad and its comparison against validated treatment planning systems. The toolkit enables three-dimensional intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatment planning for photons, scanned protons and scanned carbon ions. METHODS: matRad is entirely written in Matlab and is freely available online. It re-implements well-established algorithms employing a modular and sequential software design to model the entire treatment planning workflow...
April 1, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367402/increased-long-distance-event-related-gamma-band-connectivity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Erol Başar, Banu Femir, Derya Durusu Emek-Savaş, Bahar Güntekin, Görsev G Yener
BACKGROUND: Brain oscillatory responses can be used for non-invasive analyses of cortico-cortical connectivity, local neuronal synchronization, and coherence of oscillations in many neuropsychiatric conditions including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present paper, we examine sensory-evoked and event-related gamma coherences elicited by visual stimuli in three sub-gamma bands in two sub-groups of patients with AD (i.e., acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor treated and untreated) and healthy controls...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364849/are-there-neighborhood-effects-on-young-adult-neighborhood-attainment-evidence-from-mixed-logit-models
#11
Pat Rubio Goldsmith, Maureen Pylman, William Vélez
Studies of racial residential attainment show an intergenerational transmission of racial contexts from youth to adulthood, but it is unclear why this transmission is so robust. It is possible that experiences in racial contexts during youth have lasting effects on neighborhood selection in adulthood, but evidence for this claim has come from research using statistical methods that suffer from problems of ecological dependence and conflation of other neighborhood characteristics. In this study, we address these limitations using mixed-logit models, a form of discrete choice analyses, allowing us to control for differences across metropolitan areas and for multiple characteristics of neighborhoods that may affect the selection of destination neighborhoods...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358956/ethnic-differences-in-the-association-between-age-related-macular-degeneration-and-vision-specific-functioning
#12
Eva K Fenwick, Ryan E K Man, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Ching-Yu Cheng, Kumari Neelam, Jacqueline Chua, Alfred T L Gan, Paul Mitchell, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: Understanding the link between ethnicity and health is critical to making appropriate public policy decisions. Few population-level data are available about this connection, however, including the influence of ethnicity on the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD)and vision-specific functioning (VSF). Objective: To identify the influence of ethnicity on VSF among Chinese, Malay, and Indian patients with AMD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional, population-based study relied on patients and their data from 3 population-based studies in 3 ethnic groups: Chinese, Malay and Indian...
March 30, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353391/validity-of-self-reported-concentration-and-memory-problems-relationship-with-neuropsychological-assessment-and-depression
#13
Rosemarie M Bowler, Shane W Adams, Ralf Schwarzer, Vihra V Gocheva, Harry A Roels, Yangho Kim, Catherine L Kircos, Chris W Wright, Michelle Colledge, George Bollweg, Danelle T Lobdell
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the validity of self-reported concentration and memory problems (CMP) in residents environmentally exposed to manganese (Mn). METHOD: Self-report of CMP from a health questionnaire (HQ) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was compared to neuropsychological assessment (Trails A&B; Digit Span; Digit Symbol; Similarities; Auditory Consonant Trigrams, ACT; NAB Memory; Rey-Osterrieth, Rey-O, Delayed). Participants included 146 residents from Ohio exposed to air-Mn, with a modeled average concentration of 0...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342694/nursing-led-home-visits-post-hospitalization-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#14
Sarah Wells, Margaret O'Neill, Jayne Rogers, Kevin Blaine, Amy Hoffman, Sarah McBride, Meghan M Tschudy, Igor Shumskiy, Sangeeta Mauskar, Jay G Berry
PURPOSE: Hospital discharge for children with medical complexity (CMC) can be challenging for families. Home visits could potentially benefit CMC and their families after leaving the hospital. We assessed the utility of post-discharge home visits to identify and address health problems for recently hospitalized CMC. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective study of 36 CMC admitted to a children's hospital from 4/15/2015 to 4/14/2016 identified with a possible high risk of hospital readmission and offered a post-discharge home visit within 72h of discharge...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341904/association-between-cultural-distance-and-migrant-self-rated-health
#15
Jens Detollenaere, Stijn Baert, Sara Willems
We study whether migrant health in Europe is associated with the cultural distance between their host country and country of origin. To this end, we run multilevel regression models on data merging self-rated health and social background of ≥3800 migrants from the European Social Survey with an index of cultural distance based on country differences in values, norms and attitudes measured in the World Values Survey. We find that higher levels of cultural distance are associated with worse migrant health. This association is comparable in size with the negative association between health and female (compared with male) gender but less important than the association between health and education level...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338865/assessment-of-public-exposure-form-wlans-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#16
Adnan Lahham, Afifeh Sharabati, Hussein ALMasri
A total of 271 measurements were conducted at 69 different sites including homes, hospitals, educational institutions and other public places to assess the exposure to radiofrequency emission from wireless local area networks (WLANs). Measurements were conducted at different distances from 40 to 10 m from the access points (APs) in real life conditions using Narda SRM-3000 selective radiation meter. Three measurements modes were considered at 1 m distance from the AP which are transmit mode, idle mode, and from the client card (laptop computer)...
March 3, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338663/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-blepharoptosis-in-korean-adult-population-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#17
M H Kim, J Cho, D Zhao, K I Woo, Y-D Kim, S Kim, S W Yang
PurposeThis study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of involutional blepharoptosis in a nationwide representative sample in Korea.MethodsCross-sectional study 20 941 Korean men and women 40 years of age and older who participated in last 2 years (2008 and 2009) of the 4th wave of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) IV and the first 2 years (2010 and 2011) of KNHANES V. Ocular examinations were performed by ophthalmologists trained in procedure and grading methods, and blepharoptosis was defined as a marginal reflex distance <2 mm on either eye...
March 24, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337431/enhancing-an-international-perspective-in-public-health-teaching-through-formalized-university-partnerships
#18
Patrick Brzoska, Seval Akgün, Bassey E Antia, K R Thankappan, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar, Oliver Razum
Teaching in the field of public health needs to employ a global perspective to account for the fact that public health problems and solutions have global determinants and implications as well. International university partnerships can promote such a perspective through the strengthening of cooperation, exchange, and communication between academic institutions across national boundaries. As an example for such an academic network in the field of public health, we introduce the International Public Health Partnership-a collaboration between a university in Germany and universities in India, Turkey, and Nigeria...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336387/the-word-heart-federation-roadmap-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Adrianna Murphy, Amitava Banerjee, Günter Breithardt, A John Camm, Patrick Commerford, Ben Freedman, J Antonio Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Jonathan L Halperin, Chu-Pak Lau, Pablo Perel, Denis Xavier, David Wood, Xavier Jouven, Carlos A Morillo
BACKGROUND: The World Heart Federation has undertaken an initiative to develop a series of Roadmaps to promote development of national policies and health systems approaches, and to identify potential roadblocks on the road to effective prevention, detection, and management of cardiovascular disease in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and develop strategies for overcoming these. This Roadmap focuses on atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most common, clinically significant arrhythmia and, among other clinical outcomes, is associated with increased risk of stroke...
March 20, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336297/home-based-telerehabilitation-is-not-inferior-to-a-centre-based-program-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-randomised-trial
#20
Rita Hwang, Jared Bruning, Norman R Morris, Allison Mandrusiak, Trevor Russell
QUESTION: Is a 12-week, home-based telerehabilitation program conducted in small groups non-inferior to a traditional centre-based program in terms of the change in 6-minute walk distance? Is the telerehabilitation program also non-inferior to a centre-based program in terms of functional capacity, muscle strength, quality of life, urinary incontinence, patient satisfaction, attendance rates, and adverse events? DESIGN: Randomised, parallel, non-inferiority trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis and assessor blinding...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
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