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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644420/within-what-distance-does-greenness-best-predict-physical-health-a-systematic-review-of-articles-with-gis-buffer-analyses-across-the-lifespan
#1
REVIEW
Matthew Browning, Kangjae Lee
Is the amount of "greenness" within a 250-m, 500-m, 1000-m or a 2000-m buffer surrounding a person's home a good predictor of their physical health? The evidence is inconclusive. We reviewed Web of Science articles that used geographic information system buffer analyses to identify trends between physical health, greenness, and distance within which greenness is measured. Our inclusion criteria were: (1) use of buffers to estimate residential greenness; (2) statistical analyses that calculated significance of the greenness-physical health relationship; and (3) peer-reviewed articles published in English between 2007 and 2017...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644244/effects-of-the-integration-of-dynamic-weight-shifting-training-into-treadmill-training-on-walking-function-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Ming Wu, Janis Kim, Pooja Arora, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Yunhui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether applying an assistance force to the pelvis and legs during treadmill training can improve walking function in children with cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Twenty-three children with cerebral palsy were randomly assigned to the robotic or treadmill only group. For participants who were assigned to the robotic group, a controlled force was applied to the pelvis and legs during treadmill walking. For participants who were assigned to the treadmill only group, manual assistance was provided as needed...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644242/effects-of-participation-in-sports-programs-on-walking-ability-and-endurance-over-time-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Sandy A Ross, Morgan Yount, Sara Ankarstad, Samantha Bock, Britta Orso, Kimberly Perry, Jennifer Miros, Janice E Brunstrom-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Children with cerebral palsy may benefit from maintaining a high level of physical fitness similar to typically developing children especially in terms of long-term physical performance, although in practice this is often difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of participation in sports programs on walking ability and endurance over time. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study included participants with cerebral palsy, aged 6 to 20 yrs, who attended a summer sports program from 2004 to 2012...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639841/effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-symptoms-and-signs-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-feasibility-study
#4
Jonna Norman, Michael Fu, Inger Ekman, Lena Björck, Kristin Falk
AIMS: Despite treatment recommended by guidelines, many patients with chronic heart failure remain symptomatic. Evidence is accumulating that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have beneficial psychological and physiological effects. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of MBI on symptoms and signs in patients with chronic heart failure in outpatient clinical settings. METHODS: A prospective feasibility study. Fifty stable but symptomatic patients with chronic heart failure, despite optimized guideline-recommended treatment, were enrolled at baseline...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639775/-%C3%A2-living-facing-death-improving-lausanne-s-medical-students-%C3%A2-attitude-toward-end-of-life-issues
#5
Emmanuel Tamchès, Lazare Benaroyo, Marc Antoine Bornet, Jean-Pierre Hornung, Gian Domenico Borasio
The optional course « Living facing death » is the result of an innovative educational approach jointly developed by CHUV's Palliative Care Service, Lausanne's School of Medicine, Medical Ethics Unit and the students' association « Doctors & Death ». It is intended for 3rd and 4th grade medical students and was inspired by previous experiences conducted at Harvard Medical School. Its primary objective is to help students to « take some distances ». A mixed quantitative/qualitative satisfaction questionnaire was administered to all participating students at the completion of the course...
May 24, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#6
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628481/strengthening-distance-nursing-laboratory-courses-through-application-of-theoretical-foundations-a-literature-review
#7
Louise Kemme
A literature review was conducted to assess study results and theoretical foundations regarding distance nursing lab courses. A variety of education and nursing-specific theories were utilized during curriculum development. No two studies applied the same theoretical foundations. Further research and integration of theoretical foundations, including the synthesis of multiple theories regarding the distance teaching of psychomotor skills, will strengthen distance nursing lab courses and allow for more effective and evidence-based learning of psychomotor skills...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624901/idio-scale-judgment-evaluation-of-a-new-method-for-estimating-responder-thresholds
#8
Karon F Cook, Michael A Kallen, Cheryl D Coon, David Victorson, Deborah M Miller
PURPOSE: To pilot the newly developed Idio Scale Judgment method for estimating the amount of score change that matters to patients (i.e., change thresholds). METHODS: An online panel of 500 participants diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) responded to the Neuro-QoL fatigue scale and to demographic and clinical questions. Participants compared their own fatigue to that represented by seven short form summaries (SFSs) that were located relatively close to their own fatigue levels...
June 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624845/web-based-teaching-video-packages-on-anatomical-education
#9
Mehmet Asim Ozer, Figen Govsa, Ayse Hilal Bati
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to study the effect of web-based teaching video packages on medical students' satisfaction during gross anatomy education. The objective was to test the hypothesis that individual preference, which can be related to learning style, influences individual utilization of the video packages developed specifically for the undergraduate medical curriculum. METHODS: Web-based teaching video packages consisting of Closed Circuit Audiovisual System and Distance Education of Anatomy were prepared...
June 17, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622023/ending-as-intended-the-educational-effects-of-an-epilogue-to-a-tv-show-episode-about-bipolar-disorder
#10
Elizabeth L Cohen, David Alward, Danielle Zajicek, Sarah Edwards, Ryan Hutson
Entertainment persuasion theory was applied to investigate how an epilogue to a dramatic episode with an educational subtext about bipolar disorder affected viewer processing and response. In an experiment, viewers (N = 89) were randomly assigned to watch the episode either with or without an epilogue. Exposure to the epilogue increased recognition of the subtext. It also increased counterarguing against the subtext, but only among viewers less involved with the episode's story. The epilogue decreased social distance for people with bipolar disorder and decreased their belief that bipolar disorder is not treatable...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#11
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616413/the-condition-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-various-educational-and-research-departments-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#12
Elaheh Mazaheri, Ehsan Geraei, Firoozeh Zare-Farashbandi, Ahmad Papi
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615077/service-utilization-and-cost-of-implementing-a-comprehensive-hiv-prevention-and-care-program-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-delhi-india
#13
Mary Philip Sebastian, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Asha Singh, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior, Avina Sarna
BACKGROUND: WHO, UNODC, and UNAIDS recommend a comprehensive package for prevention, treatment, and care of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). We describe the uptake of services and the cost of implementing a comprehensive package for HIV prevention, treatment, and care services in Delhi, India. METHODS: A cohort of 3774 PWID were enrolled for a prospective HIV incidence study and provided the comprehensive package: HIV and hepatitis testing and counseling, hepatitis B (HB) vaccination, syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections, clean needles-syringes, condoms, abscess care, and education...
June 14, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615011/lessons-from-implementing-mass-drug-administration-for-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-pre-school-aged-children-during-school-based-deworming-program-at-the-kenyan-coast
#14
Rosemary M Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Janet Masaku, Gladys Odhiambo, Faith Mwende, Isaac Thuita, Jimmy Kihara, Doris Njomo
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609664/bicycle-vehicle-interactions-at-mid-sections-of-mixed-traffic-streets-examining-passing-distance-and-bicycle-comfort-perception
#15
Peter Apasnore, Karim Ismail, Ali Kassim
This paper studies the relevant factors in mixed urban traffic that may impact the lateral spacing between bicycles and vehicles (passing distance, PD), and their resulting effect on a bicyclists' comfort based on a study of six sites in Ottawa, Canada. The observations are: [i] the average position of bicycles from the curb is 0.57m, and lesser (i.e. 0.35m) in the presence of parking; [ii] 90% of passes exceed 1.23m; [iii] PD is positively correlated with motor vehicle speed, lane width, and bicycle position from adjacent curb edge line, whiles inversely correlated to ambient traffic density and bicycle speed; [iv] motor vehicle speed has the highest prediction of PD variability; [v] PD and ambient traffic density (ATD) are found to be the most important factors to a bicyclists' comfort perception (BCP)...
June 10, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608826/transportation-matters-a-health-impact-assessment-in-rural-new-mexico
#16
Michelle Del Rio, William L Hargrove, Joe Tomaka, Marcelo Korc
This Health Impact Assessment (HIA) informed the decision of expanding public transportation services to rural, low income communities of southern Doña Ana County, New Mexico on the U.S./Mexico border. The HIA focused on impacts of access to health care services, education, and economic development opportunities. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from surveys of community members, key informant interviews, a focus group with community health workers, and passenger surveys during an initial introduction of the transit system...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#17
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606118/neighborhood-educational-disparities-in-active-commuting-among-women-the-effect-of-distance-between-the-place-of-residence-and-the-place-of-work-study-an-acti-cit%C3%A3-s-study
#18
Camille Perchoux, Julie-Anne Nazare, Tarik Benmarhnia, Paul Salze, Thierry Feuillet, Serge Hercberg, Franck Hess, Mehdi Menai, Christiane Weber, Hélène Charreire, Christophe Enaux, Jean-Michel Oppert, Chantal Simon
BACKGROUND: Active transportation has been associated with favorable health outcomes. Previous research highlighted the influence of neighborhood educational level on active transportation. However, little is known regarding the effect of commuting distance on social disparities in active commuting. In this regard, women have been poorly studied. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the relationship between neighborhood educational level and active commuting, and to assess whether the commuting distance modifies this relationship in adult women...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604233/distance-education-methods-are-useful-for-delivering-education-to-palliative-caregivers-a-single-arm-trial-of-an-education-package-palliative-caregivers-education-package
#19
Liz Forbat, Rowena Robinson, Rachel Bilton-Simek, Karemah Francois, Marsha Lewis, Erna Haraldsdottir
BACKGROUND: Face-to-face/group education for palliative caregivers is successful, but relies on caregivers travelling, being absent from the patient, and rigid timings. This presents inequities for those in rural locations. AIM: To design and test an innovative distance-learning educational package (PrECEPt: PalliativE Caregivers Education Package). DESIGN: Single-arm mixed-method feasibility proof-of-concept trial (ACTRN12616000601437). The primary outcome was carer self-efficacy, with secondary outcomes focused on caregiver preparedness and carer tasks/needs...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604224/arts-based-palliative-care-training-education-and-staff-development-a-scoping-review
#20
Benjamin Mark Turton, Sion Williams, Christopher R Burton, Lynne Williams
BACKGROUND: The experience of art offers an emerging field in healthcare staff development, much of which is appropriate to the practice of palliative care. The workings of aesthetic learning interventions such as interactive theatre in relation to palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes are widely uncharted. AIM: To investigate the use of aesthetic learning interventions used in palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes. DESIGN: Scoping review...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
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