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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766694/analysis-of-the-choice-of-food-products-and-the-energy-value-of-diets-of-female-middle-and-long-distance-runners-depending-on-the-self-assessment-of-their-nutritional-habits
#1
Dominika Głąbska, Marta Jusińska
Background: Properly balanced diet is especially important in the case of young athletes, as it influences not only their physical development, but also influences results obtained during trainings and competitions. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the choice of food products and the energy value of diets of female middleand long-distance runners, depending on the self-assessment of their nutritional habits. Material and methods: The study was conducted in the group of 40 female middle- and long-distance runners, aged 15-25, who declared average diet (n=15, 37...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766533/a-cross-sectional-study-on-experiences-of-young-adult-carers-compared-to-young-adult-noncarers-parentification-coping-and-resilience
#2
REVIEW
Nicolle P G Boumans, Elisabeth Dorant
BACKGROUND: Most young carer studies on parentification, resilience and coping concentrated on child carers up to age 18 years, whereas the group of young adult caregivers (18-24 years) has been neglected. In our study, we focused on these young adult caregivers, who are in a life phase in which young people usually are distancing themselves from their families and are striving for autonomy and freedom. AIM: To explore young adult carers' perceptions of parentification, resilience and coping compared to young adult noncarers...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765458/analysis-of-web-based-learning-methods-in-emergency-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Piotr Leszczyński, Joanna Gotlib, Zbigniew Kopański, Arkadiusz Wejnarski, Stanisław Świeżewski, Robert Gałązkowski
Introduction: In medical education, Web-based learning is increasingly used as a complement to practical classes. The objective of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of three different forms of e-learning course on emergency medicine in terms of an indicator of knowledge growth and students' satisfaction. Material and methods: For the purpose of the study, we developed and implemented a tool in the form of an online course: A - non-animated presentation, B - video, C - interactive video...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759561/going-the-distance-are-we-losing-patients-along-the-multiple-myeloma-treatment-pathway
#5
REVIEW
Evangelos Terpos, Florence Suzan, Hartmut Goldschmidt
Despite data suggesting that individuals with multiple myeloma can benefit from receiving several lines of therapy, and guidelines recommending treatment after relapse, a recent European patient chart review found that only 61% of patients receive second-line treatment. The review found that factors such as old age and previous adverse events lead to physicians deciding not to treat after relapse. However, given the large number of regimens available, treatment can be tailored to individual patients' needs and supportive care measures can help with the management of adverse effects...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757825/self-efficacy-predicts-success-in-an-exercise-training-only-model-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-copd
#6
Felicity C Blackstock, Kate E Webster, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill
PURPOSE: To determine whether people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have characteristics that predict a clinically meaningful response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) that includes an education component compared with exercise training alone. METHODS: Participants were classified as responders or nonresponders to 2 models of PR; exercise training and education (ET + ED, n = 113) or exercise training alone (ET, n = 85). Responders were defined as those who achieved a clinically meaningful change in 6-min walk distance (6MWD) or any of the 4 domains of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751793/uptake-of-three-doses-of-hpv-vaccine-by-primary-school-girls-in-eldoret-kenya-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-malaria-endemic-setting
#7
Hillary Mabeya, Sonia Menon, Steven Weyers, Violet Naanyu, Emily Mwaliko, Elijah Kirop, Omenge Orango, Heleen Vermandere, Davy Vanden Broeck
BACKGROUND: All women are potentially at risk of developing cervical cancer at some point in their life, yet it is avoidable cause of death among women in Sub- Saharan Africa with a world incidence of 530,000 every year. It is the 4th commonest cancer affecting women worldwide with over 260,000 deaths reported in 2012. Low resource settings account for over 75% of the global cervical cancer burden. Uptake of HPV vaccination is limited in the developing world. WHO recommended that 2 doses of HPV vaccine could be given to young girls, based on studies in developed countries...
May 11, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747540/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-enhance-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-triple-blind-randomized-control-trial
#8
Amélie Fournier Belley, Catherine Mercier, Maude Bastien, Guillaume Léonard, Nathaly Gaudreault, Jean-Sébastien Roy
Study Design Triple-blind parallel-group randomized control trial. Background Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) has been shown to enhance the effects of sensorimotor training in neurological populations. For treatment of rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy, sensorimotor training leads to reduce pain and increase function. Addition of a-tDCS during a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training could improve treatment outcome. Objective To compare a group receiving a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training with a-tDCS to a group receiving the same rehabilitation program with sham a-tDCS in individuals with RC tendinopathy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745741/teaching-basic-trauma-validating-fluorosim-a-digital-fluoroscopic-simulator-for-guide-wire-insertion-in-hip-surgery
#9
Kapil Sugand, Robert A Wescott, Richard Carrington, Alister Hart, Bernard H Van Duren
Background and purpose - Simulation is an adjunct to surgical education. However, nothing can accurately simulate fluoroscopic procedures in orthopedic trauma. Current options for training with fluoroscopy are either intraoperative, which risks radiation, or use of expensive and unrealistic virtual reality simulators. We introduce FluoroSim, an inexpensive digital fluoroscopy simulator without the need for radiation. Patients and methods - This was a multicenter study with 26 surgeons in which everyone completed 1 attempt at inserting a guide-wire into a femoral dry bone using surgical equipment and FluoroSim...
May 10, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745713/the-language-of-lies-behavioral-and-autonomic-costs-of-lying-in-a-native-compared-to-a-foreign-language
#10
Kristina Suchotzki, Matthias Gamer
Research on trustworthiness indicates that non-native speakers are perceived as less trustworthy than native speakers. Research investigating whether people do indeed lie less well in a non-native language is, however, scarce and yielded inconsistent results. Two opposing predictions are possible. Based on the idea that lying is more demanding than truth telling, the cognitive load account predicts that speaking a foreign language imposes additional cognitive load and thereby hampers lying. Based on the idea that lying is emotionally arousing and that communication in a non-native language is perceived as less emotional, the emotional distance account predicts that speaking a foreign language facilitates lying...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742708/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-nonsurgical-integrative-interventions-for-symptomatic-lumbar-spinal-spondylolisthesis-a-randomized-controlled-multinational-multicenter-trial-protocol
#11
Kiok Kim, Yousuk Youn, Sang Ho Lee, Jung Chul Choi, Jae Eun Jung, Jaehong Kim, Wenchun Qu, Jason Eldrige, Tae-Hun Kim
BACKGROUND: Surgery is generally accepted as the main therapeutic option for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, new nonsurgical therapeutic options need to be explored for this population. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of a 5-week Mokhuri treatment program compared with conventional nonsurgical treatments for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: This is a study protocol for a multinational, multicenter clinical randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and safety of 5 weeks of nonsurgical integrative treatments (a Mokhuri treatment program consisting of Chuna, acupuncture, and patient education) with nonsurgical conventional treatments (drugs for pain relief, epidural steroid injections, and physical therapy)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738855/diminished-neural-network-dynamics-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#12
Einat K Brenner, Frank G Hillary, Emily C Grossner, Rachel A Bernier, Nicholas Gilbert, K Sathian, Benjamin M Hampstead
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is widely regarded as an intermediate stage between typical aging and dementia, with nearly 50% of patients with amnestic MCI (aMCI) converting to Alzheimer's dementia (AD) within 30 months of follow-up (Fischer et al., 2007). The growing literature using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging reveals both increased and decreased connectivity in individuals with MCI and connectivity loss between the anterior and posterior components of the default mode network (DMN) throughout the course of the disease progression (Hillary et al...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726993/monitoring-for-change-the-role-of-family-and-friends-in-helping-older-adults-manage-personal-health-information
#13
Jean O Taylor, Andrea L Hartzler, Katie P Osterhage, George Demiris, Anne M Turner
Objective: Although family and friends (FF) often play a significant support role in the health of older adults (OA), we know little about their role in personal health information management (PHIM). To address this gap and inform the design of PHIM tools, we describe the work, needs, and barriers of FF in the context of PHIM for OAs. Methods: We conducted semi-structured telephone interviews with 52 FF identified by OA as being important in their health and PHIM...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718526/using-storyboarding-pedagogy-to-promote-learning-in-a-distance-education-program
#14
Deborah Casida, Julia VanderMolen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718523/cost-effective-virtual-clinical-site-visits-for-nurse-practitioner-students
#15
Suzanne Alton, Sheba A Luke, Maureen Wilder
BACKGROUND: Clinical site visits (CSVs) are critical to assess the progress of nurse practitioner (NP) students. To overcome the challenges of effectively assessing long-distance students while maintaining a reasonable faculty workload, faculty implemented a project using FaceTime® to conduct online CSVs to assess NP student progress. FaceTime is a videoconferencing program available on Apple® devices. METHOD: Site visits were conducted by school of nursing faculty with real-time observation of the NP student-patient encounter...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716582/effects-of-summer-internship-and-follow-up-distance-mentoring-programs-on-middle-and-high-school-student-perceptions-and-interest-in-health-careers
#16
Emma Fernandez-Repollet, Craig Locatis, Wilfredo E De Jesus-Monge, Richard Maisiak, Wei-Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Minorities are underrepresented in health professions and efforts to recruit minority students into health careers are considered a way to reduce health disparities. There is little research about the effectiveness of these programs, other than satisfaction. This study aimed to measure program effects on student understanding of and interest in health careers. METHODS: Students took a career interest inventory, completed a scale measuring their self-reported understanding and interest in health careers, and wrote essays about health careers before and after completing a 1 week on campus internship on health careers and after a 9 month follow up distance mentoring program where they continued to interact with university faculty by videoconference about career options...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715295/mobility-limitations-related-to-reduced-pulmonary-function-among-aging-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Roberto Bernabeu-Mora, Mª Piedad Sánchez-Martínez, Joaquina Montilla-Herrador, Myriam Bernabeu-Mora, Pilar Escolar-Reina
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability. We aimed to analyse the impact of reduced pulmonary function on non-respiratory impairments and mobility activity limitations in an elderly population with COPD and to elucidate which specific limitations on mobility are related to reduced pulmonary function. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 110 patients with COPD, recruited from public and university hospital. The effect of impaired pulmonary function on the risk of non-respiratory impairments and mobility limitations was analysed using validated measures, including: the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), skeletal muscle strength, the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and self-reported mobility questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713795/digital-health-a-new-dimension-in-rheumatology-patient-care
#18
REVIEW
Suchitra Kataria, Vinod Ravindran
The new digital health innovations have opened up several opportunities to help the clinicians, patients and other caregivers of rheumatology healthcare system in maximizing efficiencies resulting in better patient outcomes. In the global context, digital health technology has the potential to bridge the distance gap between all the key stakeholders involved in rheumatology health care. In this review, we update on the recent advances in the field of digital health and highlight unique features of these technologies which would help in routine care...
April 30, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706780/virmisco-the-virtual-microscope-slide-collection
#19
Peter Decker, Axel Christian, Willi E R Xylander
Digitisation allows scientists rapid access to research objects. For transparent to semi-transparent three-dimensional microscopic objects, such as microinvertebrates or small body parts of organisms, available databases are scarce. Most mounting media used for permanent microscope slides deteriorate after some years or decades, eventually leading to total damage and loss of the object. However, restoration is labour-intensive, and often the composition of the mounting media is not known. A digital preservation of important material, especially types, is important and an urgent need...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706109/factors-influencing-access-to-palliative-radiotherapy-a-norwegian-population-based-study
#20
Linn M Åsli, Tor Å Myklebust, Stein O Kvaløy, Vidar Jetne, Bjørn Møller, Sverre G Levernes, Tom B Johannesen
BACKGROUND: Palliative radiotherapy (PRT) comprises half of all radiotherapy use and is an effective and important treatment modality for improving quality of life in incurable cancer patients. We have described the use of PRT in Norway and aimed to identify and quantify the impact of factors associated with PRT utilization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based data from the Cancer Registry of Norway identified 25,281 patients who died of cancer, 1 July 2009-31 December 2011...
April 28, 2018: Acta Oncologica
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