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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906738/predictive-factors-for-postoperative-follow-up-which-patients-are-prone-to-loss-to-follow-up-after-spinal-surgery
#1
Kee-Yong Ha, Sang-Il Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Young-Ho Kim, In-Soo Oh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To find out the predictive factors for the failure to follow-up in patients who underwent spinal surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Causes for loss to follow-up range from geographical accessibility to dissatisfaction with surgeons. There were few reports that investigated loss to follow-up after spinal surgery. METHODS: A total of 649 patients who underwent laminectomy and 193 patients who underwent L4-L5 fusion from August 2006 to August 2013 were enrolled in this retrospective study...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906734/distance-educators-forgotten-faculty-or-positive-disruptors
#2
Cathy J Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899209/with-the-noose-around-the-neck-marine-debris-entangling-otariid-species
#3
Valentina Franco-Trecu, Massimiliano Drago, Helena Katz, Emanuel Machín, Yamandú Marín
Plastic debris in marine environments and its impact on wildlife species is becoming a problem of increasing concern. In pinnipeds, entanglements commonly consist of loops around the neck of non-biodegradable materials from fishing gear or commercial packaging, known as "neck collars". These entanglements can cause injuries, death by suffocation and starvation, and therefore they may add to the overall decrease in population. Our objective was to describe the entanglement of two species of otariids (Arctocephalus australis and Otaria flavescens) in the South West Atlantic Ocean...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895830/development-of-a-subspecialty-cardiology-curriculum-for-paediatric-registrars-in-malawi-implementation-of-a-long-distance-hybrid-model
#4
Laura Newberry, Neil Kennedy, Elizabeth A Greene
BACKGROUND: Malawi has a high burden of paediatric cardiac disease but a limited number of health providers familiar with these chronic diseases. Given the rising number of Malawian postgraduate paediatric trainees at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, we sought to remedy this lack of basic cardiology training with a long-distance, module-based curriculum that could be utilised independently, as needed, with on-site teaching. We also wished to evaluate the initial modules for utility and improvement in knowledge and confidence in each topic...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893796/attitudes-to-mental-illness-and-its-demographic-correlates-among-general-population-in-singapore
#5
Qi Yuan, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Jenny Tay, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes to mental illness could influence how the public interact with, provide opportunities for, and help people with mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore the underlying factors of the Attitudes to Mental Illness questionnaire among the general population in Singapore and the socio-demographic correlates of each factor. METHODS: From March 2014 to April 2015, a nation-wide cross-sectional survey on mental health literacy with 3,006 participants was conducted in Singapore...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892900/integrating-telepresence-robots-into-nursing-simulation
#6
Alexandra Rudolph, Jacqueline Vaughn, Nancy Crego, Remi Hueckel, Michele Kuszajewski, Margory Molloy, Raymond Brisson, Ryan J Shaw
This article provides an overview of the use of telepresence robots in clinical practice and describes an evaluation of an educational project in which distance-based nurse practitioner students used telepresence robots in clinical simulations with on-campus Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing students. The results of this project suggest that the incorporation of telepresence in simulation is an effective method to promote engagement, satisfaction, and self-confidence in learning.
October 11, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891700/factors-predicting-emotional-cue-responding-behaviors-of-nurses-in-taiwan-an-observational-study
#7
Mei-Feng Lin, An-Yu Lee, Cheng-Chen Chou, Tien-Yu Liu, Chia-Chun Tang
OBJECTIVE: Responding to emotional cues is an essential element of therapeutic communication. The purpose of this study is to examine nurses' competence of responding to emotional cues (CRE) and related factors while interacting with standardized patients with cancer. METHODS: This is an exploratory and predictive correlational study. A convenience sample of registered nurses who have passed the probationary period in southern Taiwan was recruited to participate in 15-minute videotaped interviews with standardized patients...
November 27, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885883/college-students-stigmatization-of-people-with-mental-illness-familiarity-implicit-person-theory-and-attribution
#8
Amy E Lyndon, Allison Crowe, Karl L Wuensch, Susan L McCammon, Karen B Davis
BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with mental illness (MI) results in underutilization of mental health care. We must understand factors contributing to stigma to shape anti-stigma campaigns. AIMS: To investigate the factors influencing stigma in university students. METHOD: Undergraduate psychology students completed measures on causal attribution, stigma, social distance, implicit person theory (IPT), and familiarity. RESULTS: The hypothesis was partially supported; people who felt personality traits were unchangeable (i...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884057/patient-perceptions-of-a-virtual-health-room-installation-in-rural-sweden
#9
Simon Näverlo, Dean B Carson, Anette Edin-Liljegren, Mirjam Ekstedt
INTRODUCTION: The Virtual Health Room (VHR) is an ehealth initiative in the village of Slussfors in northern Sweden. Construction of VHRs in other locations is taking place, and the Centre for Rural Medicine in the Västerbotten County Council primary care department has implemented a VHR evaluation framework. This research focuses on evaluation of patient perceptions of the usability of the VHR and its contribution to their health care. METHODS: Nineteen of the 25 unique users of the VHR during 2014/15 completed a survey asking about their attitudes to their own health (using the 13-question version of the Patient Activation Measure (PAM)), their demographic attributes, and their satisfaction with their visit to the VHR...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882055/determinants-of-patient-delay-in-seeking-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-moroccan-women-with-cervical-cancer
#10
Fatima Ouasmani, Zaki Hanchi, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Rachid Bekkali, Samir Ahid, Abdelhalem Mesfioui
Introduction. This study sought to investigate potential determinants of patient delay among Moroccan women with cervical cancer. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2015 at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat. Data were collected using questionnaire among patients with cervical cancer locally advanced or metastatic (stages IIA-IVB). Medical records were abstracted to complete clinical information. An interval longer than 90 days between discovery of initial symptoms and presentation to a provider was defined as a patient delay...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879417/factors-influencing-likelihood-of-voice-therapy-attendance-report-from-the-cheer-network
#11
Stephanie Misono, Schelomo Marmor, Nelson Roy, Ted Mau, Seth M Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with the likelihood of attending voice therapy among patients referred for it in the CHEER (Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research) practice-based research network infrastructure. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively enrolled cross-sectional study. SETTING: CHEER network of community and academic sites. METHODS: Data were collected on patient-reported demographics, voice-related diagnoses, voice-related handicap (Voice Handicap Index-10), likelihood of attending voice therapy (VT), and opinions on factors influencing likelihood of attending VT...
November 22, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873413/six-degrees-of-separation-the-small-world-of-medical-education
#12
Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Stefanie C Hautz
CONTEXT: Conventional wisdom has it that everyone on earth is on average only six steps away from knowing any other person through 'a friend of a friend'. On a local level, however, many people experience that most of their acquaintances know each other. It is thus hard to imagine how such a highly clustered group could be so well connected to the rest of the world. In this paper, we investigate how co-authorship connects scholars in medical education and whether the six degrees of separation hypothesis also applies to the network of authors in the field...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865728/the-prevalence-and-demographic-associations-of-presenting-near-vision-impairment-among-adults-living-in-the-united-states
#13
Nazlee Zebardast, David S Friedman, Susan Vitale
PURPOSE: Estimate prevalence of presenting near-vision impairment (PNVI) among people =50years in the United States (US) and examine associations with socio-demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: 11016 of 12781 (88.5%) US adults =50 years participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2008 with recorded near visual acuity. PNVI was defined as presenting near-vision worse than 20/40; functional near-vision impairment (FNVI) was defined as at least "moderate-difficulty" with either reading newsprint or near-work...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865229/a-comparison-of-three-strategies-for-reducing-the-public-stigma-associated-with-stuttering
#14
Michael P Boyle, Lauren Dioguardi, Julie E Pate
PURPOSE: The effects of three anti-stigma strategies for stuttering-contact (hearing personal stories from an individual who stutters), education (replacing myths about stuttering with facts), and protest (condemning negative attitudes toward people who stutter)-were examined on attitudes, emotions, and behavioral intentions toward people who stutter. METHOD: Two hundred and twelve adults recruited from a nationwide survey in the United States were randomly assigned to one of the three anti-stigma conditions or a control condition...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854311/care-seeking-for-diarrhoea-in-southern-malawi-attitudes-practices-and-implications-for-diarrhoea-control
#15
Salule Masangwi, Neil Ferguson, Anthony Grimason, Tracy Morse, Lawrence Kazembe
This paper examined care-seeking behaviour and its associated risk factors when a family member had diarrhoea. Data was obtained from a survey conducted in Chikwawa, a district in Southern Malawi. Chikwawa is faced with a number of environmental and socioeconomic problems and currently diarrhoea morbidity in the district is estimated at 24.4%, statistically higher than the national average of 17%. Using hierarchically built data from a survey of 1403 households nested within 33 communities, a series of two level binary logistic regression models with Bayesian estimation were used to determine predictors of care-seeking behaviour...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852810/multicomponent-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-predictors-of-functional-and-psychocognitive-recovery
#16
Sarah Eichler, Annett Salzwedel, Rona Reibis, Jörg Nothroff, Axel Harnath, Martin Schikora, Christian Butter, Karl Wegscheider, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become a promising treatment modality for patients with aortic stenosis and a high surgical risk. Little is known about influencing factors of function and quality of life during multicomponent cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: From October 2013 to July 2015, patients with elective transcatheter aortic valve implantation and a subsequent inpatient cardiac rehabilitation were enrolled in the prospective cohort multicentre study...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852239/determinants-of-use-of-health-facility-for-childbirth-in-rural-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia
#17
Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Fawole Bukola, Arowojolu Ayodele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a major global public health concern despite many international efforts. Facility-based childbirth increases access to appropriate skilled attendance and emergency obstetric care services as the vast majority of obstetric complications occur during delivery. The purpose of the study was to determine the proportion of facility delivery and assess factors influencing utilization of health facility for childbirth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia...
November 16, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837267/-biological-mechanisms-of-myopia
#18
F Schaeffel
Recent studies have confirmed that the prevalence of myopia has increased in most countries, that the increase must be due to environmental factors and that myopia is closely linked to the level of education. Extensive close-up work with short viewing distances, little outdoor activity and continuous exposure to low illumination are currently considered the major factors. It remains unknown how close-up work can stimulate eye growth. Animal models provide the possibility to manipulate visual experiences and to observe subsequent changes in eye growth...
November 11, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836429/functional-and-effective-brain-connectivity-for-discrimination-between-alzheimer-s-patients-and-healthy-individuals-a-study-on-resting-state-eeg-rhythms
#19
Katarzyna J Blinowska, Franciszek Rakowski, Maciej Kaminski, Fabrizio De Vico Fallani, Claudio Del Percio, Roberta Lizio, Claudio Babiloni
OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study provided a proof of concept of a new procedure using multivariate electroencephalographic (EEG) topographic markers of cortical connectivity to discriminate normal elderly (Nold) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) individuals. METHOD: The new procedure was tested on an existing database formed by resting state eyes-closed EEG data (19 exploring electrodes of 10-20 system referenced to linked-ear reference electrodes) recorded in 42 AD patients with dementia (age: 65...
October 22, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835033/travel-distance-to-prenatal-care-and-high-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy
#20
Lu Shi, Kara E MacLeod, Donglan Zhang, Fan Wang, Margaret Shin Chao
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether poor geographic accessibility to prenatal care, as indicated by long distance trips to prenatal care, produced high blood pressure (HPB) during pregnancy. METHODS: Using the 2007 Los Angeles Mommy and Baby Study for women without hypertension prior to pregnancy (n = 3405), we compared self-reported HBP by travel distance to prenatal care controlling for age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, household income, weight status, and physical activity...
November 11, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
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