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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931480/a-literature-review-of-mentorship-programs-in-academic-nursing
#1
REVIEW
Lorelli Nowell, Jill M Norris, Kelly Mrklas, Deborah E White
BACKGROUND: Nursing education institutions have issued recurring, global calls for mentorship; however, evidence-based program development guidance is scarce. To date, there are no comprehensive syntheses of current mentorship models, objectives, and program components to inform mentorship program development in nursing academia. The purpose of this review is to identify published articles that (1) described models for mentoring programs for academic nurses, and (2) described the objectives and core components of these programs...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929386/a-pre-post-evaluation-of-openminds-a-sustainable-peer-led-mental-health-literacy-programme-in-universities-and-secondary-schools
#2
Praveetha Patalay, Jennifer Annis, Helen Sharpe, Robbie Newman, Dominic Main, Thivvia Ragunathan, Mary Parkes, Kelly Clarke
Engaging young people in the design and delivery of mental health education could lead to more effective interventions; however, few of these interventions have been evaluated. This study aimed to gain preliminary evidence with regards to the efficacy and acceptability of OpenMinds: a peer-designed and facilitated mental health literacy programme for university and secondary school students. The programme involves a structured programme of education and training for university medical students, who then deliver workshops in secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927495/preventing-myopia
#3
Wolf A Lagrèze, Frank Schaeffel
BACKGROUND: Nearsightedness (myopia) has become more common around the world recently, mainly because of changes in visual, educational, and recreational behavior. The question arises how the risk of myopia and its progression can be reduced. This would lessen the prevalence and severity of myopia and also lower the risk of secondary diseases that impair visual acuity. METHODS: The PubMed/Medline database was selectively searched for pertinent literature. RESULTS: The risk of myopia is lowered by exposure to daylight and increased by activities performed at short visual distances (close-up work)...
September 4, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927422/proximity-to-vector-breeding-site-and-risk-of-plasmodium-vivax-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-rural-ethiopia
#4
Alexander Nissen, Jackie Cook, Eskindir Loha, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: Despite falling incidence and mortality since the turn of the century, malaria remains an important global health challenge. In the future fight against malaria, greater emphasis will have to be placed on understanding and addressing malaria caused by the Plasmodium vivax parasite. Unfortunately, due to years of neglect and underfunding, there are currently many gaps in knowledge of P. vivax malaria. The aims of the present study were to explore the association between distance to vector breeding site and P...
September 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927014/green-space-and-depression-during-pregnancy-results-from-the-growing-up-in-new-zealand-study
#5
Vikram Nichani, Kim Dirks, Bruce Burns, Amy Bird, Cameron Grant
Background: Antenatal depression is an important contributor to poor maternal health experienced by some women. This study aimed to determine whether exposure to green space during pregnancy is associated with less depression, and whether this association is moderated by relevant factors, such as age, education, self-identified ethnicity, physical activity, residential rurality, and socioeconomic status. Methods: Health data were sourced from the cohort study "Growing Up in New Zealand" comprised of 6772 participants...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924272/achievements-of-healthcare-services-vis-a-vis-the-mdg-targets-evidence-from-pakistan
#6
Saeeda Batool, Ather Maqsood Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of public healthcare facilities and socio-economic circumstances on the status of child health. METHODS: The study was conducted at the School of Social Sciences and Humanities of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan. The human opportunity index framework was used to measure the trends in health inequalities and coverage using Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement dataset from year 2001-02 to 2012-13 at national and provincial levels...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923056/physicians-perceptions-on-the-impact-of-telemedicine-on-recruitment-and-retention-in-underserved-areas-a-descriptive-study-in-senegal
#7
Birama Apho Ly, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté, Mbayang Ndiaye Niang
BACKGROUND: Similar to many places, physicians in Senegal are unevenly distributed. Telemedicine is considered a potential solution to this problem. This study investigated the perceptions of Senegal's physicians of the impact of telemedicine on their recruitment to and retention in underserved areas. METHODS: We conducted individual interviews with a random sample of 60 physicians in Senegal, including 30 physicians working in public hospitals and 30 physicians working in district health centres between January and June 2014, as part of a mixed methods study...
September 18, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919998/reciprocal-influence-of-b-cells-and-tumor-macro-and-microenvironments-in-the-apc-min-model-of-colorectal-cancer
#8
Francesca Mion, Stefania Vetrano, Silvia Tonon, Viviana Valeri, Andrea Piontini, Alessia Burocchi, Luciana Petti, Barbara Frossi, Alessandro Gulino, Claudio Tripodo, Mario P Colombo, Carlo E Pucillo
One of the most fascinating aspects of the immune system is its dynamism, meant as the ability to change and readapt according to the organism needs. Following an insult, we assist to the spontaneous organization of different immune cells which cooperate, locally and at distance, to build up an appropriate response. Throughout tumor progression, adaptations within the systemic tumor environment, or macroenvironment, result in the promotion of tumor growth, tumor invasion and metastasis to distal organs, but also to dramatic changes in the activity and composition of the immune system...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914720/effects-of-corrective-exercise-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-on-posture-balance-and-well-being-in-older-women-a-double-blind-group-matched-design
#9
Hyun-Jeong Jang, Lynne C Hughes, Duck-Won Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise for thoracic hyperkyphosis on posture, balance, and well-being in Korean community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Fifty women 65 years of age and older, recruited from 2 senior centers, participated in this study. Participants were assigned to either the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG) on the basis of convenience of location, and 22 in each were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910302/a-look-back-on-how-far-to-walk-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-physical-access-to-skilled-care-for-childbirth-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Kerry L M Wong, Lenka Benova, Oona M R Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To (i) summarize the methods undertaken to measure physical accessibility as the spatial separation between women and health services, and (ii) establish the extent to which distance to skilled care for childbirth affects utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: We defined spatial separation as the distance/travel time between women and skilled care services. The use of skilled care at birth referred to either the location or attendant of childbirth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895137/bringing-radical-behaviorism-to-revolutionary-brazil-and-back-fred-keller-s-personalized-system-of-instruction-and-cold-war-engineering-education
#11
Atsushi Akera
This article traces the shifting epistemic commitments of Fred S. Keller and his behaviorist colleagues during their application of Skinnerian radical behaviorism to higher education pedagogy. Building on prior work by Alexandra Rutherford and her focus on the successive adaptation of Skinnerian behaviorism during its successive applications, this study utilizes sociologist of science Karin Knorr Cetina's concept of epistemic cultures to more precisely trace the changes in the epistemic commitments of a group of radical behaviorists as they shifted their focus to applied behavioral analysis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893710/user-preferences-for-mobile-health-interventions-a-survey-among-intermittent-claudication-patients-and-their-physical-therapists
#12
Marijn Ml van den Houten, Steffie Spruijt, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Marc Rm Scheltinga, Joep Aw Teijink
OBJECTIVES: Smartphone apps provide novel ways of triggering lifestyle-change by coupling objective measurements of health behavior with tailored feedback. Little is known about end-user preferences regarding the content of mobile health (mHealth) interventions. The aim of this study was to assess smartphone use and preferences regarding app-content among intermittent claudication patients and their treating physical therapists. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was sent via an internal email system to 1514 physical therapists specialized in treating patients with intermittent claudication...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891591/factors-associated-with-treatment-seeking-for-malaria-in-madhya-pradesh
#13
Mrigendra P Singh, Kalyan B Saha, Sunil K Chand, Anup Anvikar
OBJECTIVES: To determine household factors associated with treatment-seeking for malaria. METHODS: The study was carried out in four districts of Madhya Pradesh with different malaria endemicity. 1470 households were interviewed in which at least one member suffered from microscopically confirmed malaria in the 3 months preceding the survey. Socio-demographic, economic, cultural characteristics, their health beliefs, knowledge and practices regarding malaria and choice of treatment seeking were explored...
September 11, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890773/the-use-of-facilities-for-labor-and-delivery-the-views-of-women-in-rural-uganda
#14
Rebecca Newell, Ian Spillman, Marie-Louise Newell
The aim of the paper is to explore factors associated with home or hospital delivery in rural Uganda. Qualitative interviews with recently-delivered women in rural Uganda and statistical analysis of data from the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to assess the association between socio-demographic and cultural factors and delivery location in multivariable regression models. In the DHS, 61.7% (of 4907) women had a facility-based delivery (FBD); in adjusted analyses, FBD was associated with an urban setting [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885236/effectiveness-of-the-conductive-educational-approach-added-to-conventional-physiotherapy-in-the-improvement-of-gait-parameters-of-poststroke-patients-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#15
Adél Nagy, Csenge Angeli, Zsófia Hőgye, Ágnes Bajusz-Leny, Gergő Réti, Attila Cs Nagy, Zoltán Jenei
Our objective was to assess the benefits of the conductive education (CE) approach added to conventional physiotherapy in gait functions of poststroke, hemiparetic patients. A randomized-controlled trial was designed in a rehabilitation clinic. Late and chronic poststroke patients with gait disturbances (n=17, median age: 55 years, range: 41-72 years) were enrolled in the study. All patients received conventional physiotherapy. However, patients of only one group took part in therapy on the basis of the CE approach...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883159/developing-and-evaluating-collaborative-online-based-instructional-designs-in-health-information-management
#16
Elske Ammenwerth, Werner O Hackl, Michael Felderer, Alexander Hoerbst
The number of students enrolled in online courses is increasing steadily. Distance education offers many advantages, but also has inherent challenges. Successful distance education needs a thoughtfully designed instructional strategy where students are supported to actively create knowledge. We present the design and evaluation of three online-based courses in health informatics. The courses were based on a collaborative instructional strategy. The evaluation comprised workload analysis, student evaluation, student interviews and student reflections...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879413/predictors-of-patient-decision-to-discontinue-anti-rheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-ontario-best-practices-research-initiative
#17
Vandana Ahluwalia, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Mohammad Movahedi, Angela Cesta, Xiuying Li, John S Sampalis, Claire Bombardier
Despite the availability of treatment guidelines and effective treatments, real-world effectiveness remains suboptimal partly due to poor patient medication adherence. We evaluated a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, health insurance, and disease-related factors for association with patient decision to discontinue anti-rheumatic medications (ARMs) in a large observational RA cohort in Ontario, Canada. Patients from the Ontario Best Practices Research Initiative registry were included. The following predictors of ARM discontinuation were evaluated with cox-regression: patient age, gender, education, income, smoking, health insurance type/coverage, RA duration, erosion presence, RF positivity, DAS28-ESR, physician global, HAQ-DI, comorbidity number, ARM types, and physician characteristics (gender, academic position, urban vs...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877749/women-s-determinant-factors-for-preferred-place-of-delivery-in-dodoma-region-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Agatha Fabian Ngowi, Switbert R Kamazima, Steven Kibusi, Ainory Gesase, Theodora Bali
BACKGROUND: Skilled birth attendance is one of the key factors in improving maternal health but less than 50% of women in sub-Saharan African countries do not have the opportunity to be attended to by skilled personnel during childbirth. The aim of the study was to assess the factors determining women's preference for a place to give birth in Dodoma Region, Tanzania. METHODS: This study employed a cross-sectional survey design using quantitative data collection and analysis methods...
September 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877200/risk-factors-of-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-in-queensland-prevalence-attitudes-crash-risk-perception-and-task-management-strategies
#19
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Mark King, Md Mazharul Haque, Simon Washington
Distracted driving is one of the most significant human factor issues in transport safety. Mobile phone interactions while driving may involve a multitude of cognitive and physical resources that result in inferior driving performance and reduced safety margins. The current study investigates characteristics of usage, risk factors, compensatory strategies in use and characteristics of high-frequency offenders of mobile phone use while driving. A series of questions were administered to drivers in Queensland (Australia) using an on-line questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874191/internet-or-dvd-for-distance-learning-to-isolated-rural-health-professionals-what-is-the-best-approach
#20
Lanto Barthelemy Rakototiana, Rajabo, Serge Gottot
BACKGROUND: Distance Learning (DL) is a means to overcome the barriers that prevent health workers access to medical education and training sessions to update their knowledge. The main objective of this study is to compare the knowledge acquisition among practitioners Heads of Health Based Center (HBC) for the management of hypertension in two training modalities, one interactive, via internet (by Visio conferencing and video Conferencing), and other non-interactive, via DVD in the three regions (Miarinarivo, Moramanga and Manjakandriana) of Madagascar...
September 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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