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Increasing physical activity in older people

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448584/sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-yet-on-dialysis-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#1
Viviane Angelina de Souza, Dílmerson Oliveira, Sérgio Ribeiro Barbosa, José Otávio do Amaral Corrêa, Fernando Antônio Basile Colugnati, Henrique Novais Mansur, Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes, Marcus Gomes Bastos
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a chronic condition that is associated with aging and characterized by a reduction of muscle mass, strength, and function. Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis and its correlation with clinical and laboratory variables and inflammatory markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441324/designing-fit-for-purpose-health-and-social-services-for-ageing-populations
#2
Jean Woo
Population ageing is occurring in all countries, regardless of the level of economic development. While the rising burden of chronic diseases and disabilities as a consequence of this demographic transition is well recognized, the increasing prevalence of geriatric syndromes as a public health issue is not as well recognized. Recently the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report emphasized functional ability as an important outcome for aging populations, highlighting the concept of raising intrinsic capacity throughout the life course...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436726/impact-of-physical-activity-on-the-association-of-overweight-and-obesity-with-cardiovascular-disease-the-rotterdam-study
#3
Chantal M Koolhaas, Klodian Dhana, Josje D Schoufour, M Arfan Ikram, Maryam Kavousi, Oscar H Franco
Background Being overweight or obese is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Physical activity might reduce the risk associated with overweight and obesity. We examined the association between overweight and obesity and CVD risk as a function of physical activity levels in a middle-aged and elderly population. Design The study was a prospective cohort study. Methods The study included 5344 participants aged 55 years or older from the population-based Rotterdam Study. Participants were classified as having high or low physical activity based on the median of the population...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427049/predictive-validity-of-two-physical-frailty-phenotype-specifications-developed-for-investigation-of-frailty-pathways-in-older-people
#4
Yew Yoong Ding
BACKGROUND: For investigating the relationship of frailty with physical, psychological, and social conditions on pathways, the frailty definition should ideally exclude these conditions. Based on the frailty phenotype, 2 candidate physical frailty specifications or instruments with 3 indicators, namely slowness, weakness, and exhaustion, and 4 indicators with addition of weight loss were previously developed, and had their construct and concurrent validity demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of 2 candidate physical frailty specifications with respect to death, functional impairment, and poor quality of life in older people...
April 21, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424088/research-exploring-physical-activity-in-care-homes-reach-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Anne Forster, Jennifer Airlie, Karen Birch, Robert Cicero, Bonnie Cundill, Alison Ellwood, Mary Godfrey, Liz Graham, John Green, Claire Hulme, Rebecca Lawton, Vicki McLellan, Nicola McMaster, Amanda Farrin
BACKGROUND: As life expectancy increases and the number of older people, particularly those aged 85 years and over, expands there is an increase in demand for long-term care. A large proportion of people in a care home setting spend most of their time sedentary, and this is one of the leading preventable causes of death. Encouraging residents to engage in more physical activity could deliver benefits in terms of physical and psychological health, and quality of life. This study is the final stage of a programme of research to develop and preliminarily test an evidence-based intervention designed to enhance opportunities for movement amongst care home residents, thereby increasing levels of physical activity...
April 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412640/is-a-hilly-neighborhood-environment-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-among-older-people-results-from-the-jages-2010-study
#6
Takeo Fujiwara, Iseki Takamoto, Airi Amemiya, Masamichi Hanazato, Norimichi Suzuki, Yuiko Nagamine, Yuri Sasaki, Yukako Tani, Aki Yazawa, Yosuke Inoue, Kokoro Shirai, Yugo Shobugawa, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Although living in a hilly environment may promote muscular activity in the daily lives of residents, and such activity may prevent diabetes mellitus, few studies have focused on the impact of living in a hilly environment on diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hilly neighborhood environment on DM in older people. METHODS: We used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based, cross-sectional study of individuals aged 65 or older without long-term care needs in Japan, which was conducted in 2010...
April 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410568/health-functional-ability-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-people-65-years-and-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Vivien Rodgers, Stephen Neville, Steven La Grow
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life is a subjective and complex interplay of an older persons' perspective on their life achievements. Satisfaction with life, alongside health and functional ability are major contributors to successful ageing. AIM: This study explored the impact of increasing age on older people's perceptions of their health, functional ability and life satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of non-institutionalised older people (65+) was conducted (n = 542) in the Manawatu region of New Zealand...
April 14, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398987/predicting-risk-and-outcomes-for-frail-older-adults-an-umbrella-review-of-frailty-screening-tools
#8
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Carol Holland
BACKGROUND: A scoping search identified systematic reviews on diagnostic accuracy and predictive ability of frailty measures in older adults. In most cases, research was confined to specific assessment measures related to a specific clinical model. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the best available evidence from systematic reviews in relation to reliability, validity, diagnostic accuracy and predictive ability of frailty measures in older adults. INCLUSION CRITERIA POPULATION: Older adults aged 60 years or older recruited from community, primary care, long-term residential care and hospitals...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382628/why-do-some-older-adults-start-drinking-excessively-late-in-life-results-from-an-interpretative-phenomenological-study
#9
Jakob Emiliussen, Kjeld Andersen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: This is a pioneering qualitative phenomenological hermeneutical study investigating a so far under-investigated group of older adults with very late-onset alcohol use disorder. The number of older adults is increasing, and the number of older adults with alcohol problems is increasing accordingly. We investigated older adults with very late-onset alcohol use disorder to identify what causes some people to develop problems with alcohol after the age of 60. METHOD: We interviewed 12 Danish individuals (seven men) whose alcohol use disorder started after the age of 60...
April 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381394/using-smartphones-and-health-apps-to-change-and-manage-health-behaviors-a-population-based-survey
#10
Clemens Ernsting, Stephan U Dombrowski, Monika Oedekoven, Julie L O Sullivan, Melanie Kanzler, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Paul Gellert
BACKGROUND: Chronic conditions are an increasing challenge for individuals and the health care system. Smartphones and health apps are potentially promising tools to change health-related behaviors and manage chronic conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore (1) the extent of smartphone and health app use, (2) sociodemographic, medical, and behavioral correlates of smartphone and health app use, and (3) associations of the use of apps and app characteristics with actual health behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376644/supporting-successful-inclusive-practices-for-learners-with-disabilities-in-high-schools-a-multisite-mixed-method-collective-case-study
#11
Donald Maciver, Cathleen Hunter, Amanda Adamson, Zoe Grayson, Kirsty Forsyth, Iona McLeod
PURPOSE: The increase in the number of individuals with disabilities in general education has led to an increased interest in how to best provide support. Despite an emphasis on inclusion and participation in policy and practice, defining and describing the support provided for these learners is still an important task. METHOD: This multisite, mixed method collective case study reports on 125 education and other staff from seven schools who took part in interviews and focus groups to reflect on a range of topics related to learners with disabilities in high schools...
April 4, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373254/link-between-healthy-lifestyle-and-psychological-well-being-in-lithuanian-adults-aged-45-72-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Laura Sapranaviciute-Zabazlajeva, Dalia Luksiene, Dalia Virviciute, Martin Bobak, Abdonas Tamosiunas
OBJECTIVE: This study uses a cross-sectional study design to analyse the connection between psychological well-being (PWB) and components of a healthy lifestyle in the Lithuanian population aged 45-72. The purpose of our study is to establish the links between PWB and lifestyle factors such as physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and dietary patterns in people above the age of 44. PARTICIPANTS: A stratified sample of 10 940 urban citizens aged 45-72 years were randomly selected from the National Population Register...
April 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369719/home-and-community-based-occupational-therapy-improves-functioning-in-frail-older-people-a-systematic-review
#13
Leen De Coninck, Geertruida E Bekkering, Leen Bouckaert, Anja Declercq, Maud J L Graff, Bert Aertgeerts
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to assess the effectiveness of occupational therapy to improve performance in daily living activities in community-dwelling physically frail older people. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We included randomized controlled trials reporting on occupational therapy as intervention, or as part of a multidisciplinary approach. This systematic review was carried out in accordance with the Cochrane methods of systematic reviews of interventions...
April 3, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368550/home-or-foster-home-care-versus-institutional-long-term-care-for-functionally-dependent-older-people
#14
REVIEW
Camilla Young, Amanda M Hall, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Terry J Quinn, Lotty Hooft, Barbara C van Munster, David J Stott
BACKGROUND: Changing population demographics have led to an increasing number of functionally dependent older people who require care and medical treatment. In many countries, government policy aims to shift resources into the community from institutional care settings with the expectation that this will reduce costs and improve the quality of care compared. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of long-term home or foster home care versus institutional care for functionally dependent older people...
April 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368322/are-structural-changes-in-polish-rural-areas-fostering-leisure-time-physical-activity
#15
Elżbieta Biernat, Piotr Bartkiewicz, Sonia Buchholtz
Background: In this study, we analyze the determinants of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of farmers and non-farmers living in rural areas. Methods: We use statistical analysis to describe urban and rural populations, as well as econometric techniques (Heckman regressions and propensity score matching) to assess the role of rural lifestyle in physical activity. Results: World Health Organization (WHO) pro-health PA (physical activity) recommendations are not met by 66% of farmers and 49% of other dwellers in rural areas...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367083/proteomics-analysis-to-identify-and-characterize-the-biomarkers-and-physical-activities-of-non-frail-and-frail-older-adults
#16
Ching-Hung Lin, Chen-Chung Liao, Chi-Huang Huang, Yu-Tang Tung, Huan-Cheng Chang, Mei-Chich Hsu, Chi-Chang Huang
Globally, the proportion of older adults is increasing. Older people face chronic conditions such as sarcopenia and functional decline, which are often associated with disability and frailty. Proteomics assay of potential serum biomarkers of frailty in older adults. Older adults were divided into non-frail and frail groups (n = 6 each; 3 males in each group) in accordance with the Chinese-Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale. Adults were measured for grip power and the 6-min walk test for physical activity, and venous blood was sampled after adults fasted for 8 h...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343400/lifestyles-and-mortality-in-taiwan
#17
Yen-Huai Lin, Po-Wen Ku, Pesus Chou
The associations of modifiable lifestyle-related factors with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality were examined in a population-based sample of older Taiwanese people. A total of 4176 individuals aged 50 years and older, with 11 years of follow-up, were analyzed. Current and former smokers had a higher risk of all-cause mortality compared with never smokers ([HR = 1.33; 95% CI = 1.12, 1.58], [HR = 1.39; 95% CI = 1.16, 1.68]). Low intake of vegetables and fruits was associated with a significantly higher risk of 1...
March 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340553/promoting-independence-health-and-well-being-for-older-people-a-feasibility-study-of-computer-aided-health-and-social-risk-appraisal-system-in-primary-care
#18
Kate Walters, Kalpa Kharicha, Claire Goodman, Melanie Handley, Jill Manthorpe, Mima Cattan, Steve Morris, Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: With population ageing, research is needed into new low-cost, scalable methods of effective promotion of health and wellbeing for older people. We aimed to assess feasibility, reach and costs of implementing a new tailored computer-aided health and social risk appraisal system in primary care. METHODS: Design: Feasibility study. SETTING: Five General Practices in London (Ealing) and Hertfordshire, United Kingdom (UK) Participants: Random sample of patients aged 65 + years...
March 24, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338890/metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance-are-associated-with-frailty-in-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Raúl F Pérez-Tasigchana, Luz M León-Muñoz, Esther Lopez-Garcia, Juan L Gutierrez-Fisac, Martín Laclaustra, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Pilar Guallar-Castillón
Background: diabetes increases the risk of frailty that is a leading cause of disability and premature mortality in older people. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and insulin resistance (IR) are strong risk factors for diabetes and could, thus, lead to frailty. However, the association between MS or IR and frailty has barely been investigated. Methods: data were obtained from a cohort of 1,499 community-dwelling individuals aged ≥60, who were free of diabetes at 2008-10 and were followed up for 3...
March 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338420/exploring-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-older-people-with-sight-loss
#20
Amy E Burton, Louise Clancy, Lisa Cowap
This study aimed to explore facilitators and barriers to physical activity in older people with sight loss. Focus groups were conducted with 13 community dwelling older adults with sight loss ranging from poor to completely blind. Transcripts were analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. Facilitators and barriers are experienced in three ways: psychologically; through opportunity and access; and at a societal and policy level. Campaigns are needed to challenge unhelpful age-related stereotypes at both psychological and societal levels...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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