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Increasing physical activity in older people

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#1
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#2
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#3
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901076/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-risk-factors-among-rural-adults-in-nantong-china
#4
Jing Xiao, Chuan-Li Wu, Yue-Xia Gao, Shu-Lan Wang, Lei Wang, Qing-Yun Lu, Xiao-Jian Wang, Tian-Qi Hua, Huan Shen, Hui Cai
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) varies worldwide due to genetic and environmental factors. A population-based cross-sectional study, with 37,582 participants recruited in Nantong, China in 2007-2008 (stage I) and 2013 (stage II). Socio-demographic, lifestyle factors, disease history and fasting blood sample were collected. The prevalence of MS was much higher in 2013 (42.6%) than that in 2007-2008 (21.6%), which was significantly higher in older people in both stages. Participants with two or more familial history of diseases were associated with a higher MS prevalence compared to those who didn't have familial history of diseases...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896293/yoga-related-injuries-in-the-united-states-from-2001-to-2014
#5
Thomas A Swain, Gerald McGwin
BACKGROUND: Yoga has become more popular among people in the United States and has been touted by both yoga participants as well as some physicians and researchers for its health benefits. While the health benefits have been studied, the frequency of injury among yoga participants has not been well documented. PURPOSE: Injury incidence, rates, and types associated with yoga in the United States have not been quantified. This study estimates US yoga-associated injury incidence and characterizes injury type over a 13-year period...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893563/resistance-training-improves-muscle-function-and-cardiometabolic-risks-but-not-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ping-Lun Hsieh, Chin-Hsiao Tseng, Yufeng Jane Tseng, Wei-Shiung Yang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In older people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the effects of aging and T2DM may compromise the function of skeletal muscle, deteriorate metabolic status, and jeopardize physical performance, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of resistance training (RT) on muscle function, physical performance, cardiometabolic risks, and QoL in older people with T2DM. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial that employed block randomization, assessor blinding, and the intention-to-treat principle...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890482/dietary-nitrate-does-not-affect-physical-activity-outcomes-in-health-older-adults-in-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#7
Mario Siervo, Clio Oggioni, Djordje G Jakovljevic, Michael Trenell, John C Mathers, David Houghton, Carlos Celis-Morales, Ammar W Ashor, Alan Ruddock, Mayur Ranchordas, Markos Klonizakis, Elizabeth A Williams
Although dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) ingestion appears to enhance exercise capacity and performance in young individuals, inconclusive findings have been reported in older people. Therefore, we conducted a double-blind, crossover randomized clinical trial using beetroot juice in older healthy participants, who were classified as normal weight and overweight. We tested whether consumption of beetroot juice (a rich source of NO3(-)) for 1 week would increase nitric oxide bioavailability via the nonenzymatic pathway and enhance (1) exercise capacity during an incremental exercise test, (2) physical capability, and (3) free-living physical activity...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879180/-web-based-interventions-targeting-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
C R L Beishuizen, W A van Gool, W B Busschers, R J G Peters, E P Moll van Charante, E Richard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether web-based interventions for cardiovascular risk factor management reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in older people. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHOD: Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library and CINAHL were systematically searched from January 1995 to 3 November 2014. We included all randomised controlled trials for web-based interventions targeting cardiovascular risk factors in populations with a mean age of 50 and older...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875827/disability-among-persons-aging-with-hiv-aids
#9
Suzanne G Leveille, Saurja Thapa
Persons surviving to older ages with HIV/AIDS often face an accelerated aging accompanied by increased comorbidity and decline in health and function. In this chapter, we review the process of disablement among persons aging with HIV/AIDS, from chronic conditions to impairments and functional limitations, leading to disability. Chronic immune activation related to chronic HIV infection may contribute to early development of chronic conditions that are common in older adults resulting in premature disablement...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871259/prevalence-and-determinants-of-diabetes-among-older-adults-in-ghana
#10
Samwel Maina Gatimu, Benson Williesham Milimo, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the leading non-communicable diseases in Africa, contributing to the increasing disease burden among the old adults. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of diabetes among adults aged 50 years and above in Ghana. METHODS: A cross sectional study based on data collected from Study of Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave 1 from 2007 to 2008. Data was collected from 5565 respondents of whom 4135 were aged 50+ years identified using a multistage stratified clusters design...
November 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829369/the-role-of-high-intensity-physical-exercise-in-the-prevention-of-disability-among-community-dwelling-older-people
#11
Astrid Etman, Frank H Pierik, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Alex Burdorf, Frank J van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is considered important to prevent disability among community-dwelling older people. To develop MVPA programs aimed at reducing or preventing disability more insight is needed in the contributions of exercise duration and intensity and the interplay between the two. METHODS: Longitudinal data of 276 Dutch community-dwelling persons aged 65 years and older participating in the Elderly And their Neighbourhood (ELANE) study were used...
November 9, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822613/maintaining-healthy-behavior-a-prospective-study-of-psychological-well-being-and-physical-activity
#12
Eric S Kim, Laura D Kubzansky, Jackie Soo, Julia K Boehm
BACKGROUND: Although higher psychological well-being has been linked with a range of positive biological processes and health outcomes, the prospective association between psychological well-being and physical activity among older adults has been understudied. PURPOSE: We tested whether higher baseline psychological well-being predicted higher levels of physical activity over time. METHODS: Prospective data were from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging, a nationally representative sample of English adults over the age of 50...
November 7, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820872/while-we-waited-incidence-and-predictors-of-falls-in-older-adults-with-cataract
#13
Anna Palagyi, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Kris Rogers, Lynn Meuleners, Jonathon Q Ng, Nigel Morlet, Lisa Keay
Purpose: Strong evidence indicates an increased fall risk associated with cataract. Although cataract surgery can restore sight, lengthy wait times are common for public patients in many high-income countries. This study reports incidence and predictors of falls in older people with cataract during their surgical wait. Methods: Data from a prospective study of falls in adults aged ≥65 years who were awaiting cataract surgery in public hospitals in Australia were analyzed...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808526/age-related-reversal-of-postural-adjustment-characteristics-during-motor-imagery
#14
Suvobrata Mitra, Nicola Doherty, Hayley Boulton, Elizabeth A Maylor
Physical and imagined movements show similar behavioral constraints and neurophysiological activation patterns. An inhibition mechanism is thought to suppress overt movement during motor imagery, but it does not effectively suppress autonomic or postural adjustments. Inhibitory processes and postural stability both deteriorate with age. Thus, older people's balance is potentially vulnerable to interference from postural adjustments induced by thoughts about past or future actions. Here, young and older adults stood upright and executed or imagined manual reaching movements...
November 3, 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806743/causes-of-nursing-home-placement-for-older-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Sandeep Toot, Tom Swinson, Mike Devine, David Challis, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Up to half of people with dementia in high income countries live in nursing homes and more than two-thirds of care home residents have dementia. Fewer than half of these residents report good quality of life and most older people are anxious about the prospect of moving into a nursing home. Robust evidence is needed as to the causes of admission to nursing homes, particularly where these risk factors are modifiable. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search to identify controlled comparison studies in which the primary outcome was admission to nursing home of older adults with dementia...
November 3, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806636/metabolic-syndrome-in-people-with-a-long-standing-spinal-cord-injury-associations-with-physical-activity-and-capacity
#16
Sonja de Groot, Jacinthe J Adriaansen, Marga Tepper, Govert J Snoek, Lucas H V van der Woude, Marcel W M Post
This study investigated (i) the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people with a long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI); (ii) whether personal or lesion characteristics are determinants of the MetS; and (iii) the association with physical activity or peak aerobic capacity on the MetS. In a cross-sectional study, persons with SCI (N = 223; time since injury of ≥10 years) were tested. The individual components of the MetS were assessed together with the physical activity measured by the Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities (PASIPD), while peak aerobic capacity was tested during a graded wheelchair exercise test on a treadmill...
August 15, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802893/physical-activity-and-anxiety-a-perspective-from-the-world-health-survey
#17
Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Justin Richards, Felipe Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Nicola Veronese, Jouni Lahti, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of physical activity (PA) among people with anxiety, little is known about PA levels in people with anxiety at the population level. This study explored the global prevalence of anxiety and its association with PA. METHODS: Cross-sectional, community-based data from the World Health Survey was analyzed. Prevalence of anxiety was estimated for 237,964 individuals (47 countries). PA was categorized as low, moderate, and high based on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short form)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782022/interactive-games-for-home-delivery-of-exercise-and-rehabilitation-interventions-for-older-adults-an-australian-perspective
#18
Stuart Trevor Smith, Marie-Louise Bird
Over the past few decades there has been a wealth of published scientific evidence for the physical, cognitive and social health-related benefits of increased physical activity, especially in older adults and people living with chronic disease. Despite the clear evidence base demonstrating the health-related benefits of physical activity, uptake and adherence is often disappointing. Therefore, methods for remote delivery of guided exercise programs are required, both to maximise the reach of physical activity promotion initiatives and programs across the older community and to minimise attrition once people begin to be physically active...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769233/informal-care-and-gifts-to-and-from-older-people-in-europe-the-interlinks-between-giving-and-receiving
#19
Florian Tomini, Wim Groot, Sonila M Tomini
BACKGROUND: Transfers of money and help with daily activities by family and friends are important sources of support for older people and contribute to their well being. On the other hand, older adults are not only recipients of support but also important providers of support and financial transfers as giving and receiving are often reciprocal. For this, it is important to understand the determinants of receiving and giving money and help as well as the relationship between these two...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765122/-correlation-between-body-fat-percentage-and-general-obesity-indexes-in-middle-aged-and-old-people-in-guangzhou
#20
Q Hu, C Q Jiang, W S Zhang, J J Cheng, L Xu, Y L Jin, S L Rao, H Q Zheng, D Q Lam
Objective: To examine the correlation between body fat percentage (BFP) and general obesity indexes, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) and calculate the corresponding BFP cutoff values in the middle aged and old people in Guangzhou. The corresponding cut-point of optimal body fat percentage for Guangzhou older population. Methods: Based on the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (GBCS), 3 490 relatively healthy Guangzhou residents aged ≥50 years were selected and were randomly divided into 2 groups...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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