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Increasing physical activity in older people

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910813/the-neighborhood-built-environment-and-cognitive-function-of-older-persons-results-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#1
Tze Pin Ng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Faysal Kabir Shuvo, Jia Yen Eng, Keng Bee Yap, Li Min Hee, Siew Pang Chan, Samuel Scherer
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association of subjective (perceived) and objective (geographical information system [GIS]-based) measures of the neighborhood built environment (BE) attributes with cognitive function among older persons, and the mediating effect of transportation physical activity (TPA) and leisure time (physical, social and productive) activities (LTA). METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 402 residents aged 55 years and above in the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study...
September 15, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910753/fall-prevalence-time-trend-and-its-related-risk-factors-among-elderly-people-in-china
#2
Hong Wu, Peng Ouyang
OBJECTIVES: To study the fall prevalence, time trends and related risk factors among elderly people in the Chinese mainland from 2011 to 2013. METHODS: Our data were from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011 and 2013. The population sample included people aged 60 years and over. Whether the person had experienced fall accident in the last two years was used to measure fall incidence. The time trend and age groups were investigated through the chi-square test...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880438/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-older-adults-with-depression
#3
Ning Li, Gong Chen, Ping Zeng, Jing Pang, Huan Gong, Yiwen Han, Yan Zhang, Enyi Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are common among older adults. Most of the existing studies were carried out in developed countries, and evidence from developing countries are lacking. In the present study, using a national sample, we aimed to describe the prevalence of MCI and its associated factors among Chinese older adults with depression. METHOD: The present study uses data from a national survey of the 2011 Comprehensive Assessment of Elderly Health, which involved 8113 older adults from eight provinces or municipalities directly under the Central Government of six regions in China...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877254/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-diabetes-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-in-the-southern-cone-of-latin-america
#4
Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein, Lydia Bazzano, Matias Calandrelli, Chen Chung-Shiuan, Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Fernando Lanas, Jose A Manfredi, Nora Mores, Hector Olivera, Rosana Poggio, Jacqueline Ponzo, Pamela Seron, Jiang He
AIMS: To determine the prevalence, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) as well as associated factors in the adult population of four cities of the Southern Cone of Latin America (SCLA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study that included 7407 adults between 35 and 74 years old in four cities of the SCLA: Temuco (Chile), Marcos Paz and Bariloche (Argentina), and Pando-Barros Blancos (Uruguay). DM was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or self-reported history of diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874111/the-fall-in-older-adults-physical-and-cognitive-problems
#5
Bernard Demanze Laurence, Lacour Michel
BACKGROUND: The aging of posture and balance function alters the quality of life in older people and causes serious problems in terms of public health and socio-economic costs for our modern societies. METHOD: This article reviews the various causes of imbalance and dizziness in the elderly, and considers how to prevent falls, and how to rehabilitate a faller subject in order to regain a good quality of life. Two effective ways of intervention are discussed, emphasizing the crucial role of physical activity and cognitive stimulation, classic or using the latest technical advances in virtual reality and video games...
2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860729/aging-and-extrapulmonary-effects-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Emanuela Tudorache, Ariadna Petronela Fildan, Mirela Frandes, Elena Dantes, Doina Ecaterina Tofolean
INTRODUCTION: People with COPD have a decline in functional status, but little is known about the rate of decline and factors that contribute. Of particular concern is the decline in cognitive and functional performance. Decrease in cognitive and functional performance will finally lead to decreased health status, sedentary life style and premature frailty. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare functional performance and cognitive status in patients with COPD of different ages and to examine the changes in extrapulmonary effects...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858658/physical-activity-and-suicidal-ideation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Felipe B Schuch, James Mugisha, Michel Probst, Tine Van Damme, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: A potential approach to suicide prevention that has not been closely examined, but which holds promise in terms of widespread dissemination without major side-effects, is physical activity (PA). This systematic review and meta-analysis set out to: (a) explore associations between PA and suicidal ideation (SI) levels, and (b) investigate the effect of PA interventions on SI. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception up to 05/2017 to identify quantitative studies reporting an association between PA and SI...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858217/relationship-between-social-support-networks-and-physical-functioning-in-older-community-dwelling-mexicans
#8
Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, Fabiola González-Mantilla, Elsa Correa-Muñoz, Raquel Retana-Ugalde
Some studies have demonstrated the relationship between social support networks (SSNs) and health status. In this sense, it has been considered that physical and mental functioning is a key indicator of the health in the age people. The aim of this study was to determine the association between social support networks and physical functioning. A cross-sectional study was carried out including a convenience sample of 150 older community-dwelling Mexicans. We assessed the familial, extra-familial and institutional SSNs; social contacts; the activities of daily living (ADL); the instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs); and physical functioning task (PFT) performance among study participants...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846592/improved-housing-accessibility-for-older-people-in-sweden-and-germany-short-term-costs-and-long-term-gains
#9
Björn Slaug, Carlos Chiatti, Frank Oswald, Roman Kaspar, Steven M Schmidt
The physical housing environment is important to facilitate activities of daily living (ADL) for older people. A hindering environment may lead to ADL dependence and thus increase the need for home services, which is individually restricting and a growing societal burden. This study presents simulations of policy changes with regard to housing accessibility that estimates the potential impact specifically on instrumental activities of daily living (I-ADL), usage of home services, and related costs. The models integrate empirical data to test the hypothesis that a policy providing funding to remove the five most severe environmental barriers in the homes of older people who are at risk of developing dependence in I-ADL, can maintain independence and reduce the need for home services...
August 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844857/pathways-from-physical-frailty-to-activity-limitation-in-older-people-identifying-moderators-and-mediators-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Yew Y Ding, Jouni Kuha, Michael Murphy
Physical frailty increases the risk of future activity limitation, which in turn, compromises independent living of older people and limits their healthspan. Thus, we seek to identify moderators and mediators of the effect of physical frailty on activity limitation change in older people, including gender- and age-specific effects. In a longitudinal study using data from waves 2, 4, and 6 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, unique physical frailty factor scores of 4638 respondents aged 65 to 89years are obtained from confirmatory factor analysis of physical frailty, which is specified by three indicators, namely slowness, weakness, and exhaustion...
August 26, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843527/factors-associated-with-the-trend-of-physical-and-chemical-restraint-use-among-long-term-care-facility-residents-in-hong-kong-data-from-an-11-year-observational-study
#11
Kuen Lam, Joseph S K Kwan, Chi Wai Kwan, Alice M L Chong, Claudia K Y Lai, Vivian W Q Lou, Angela Y M Leung, Justina Y W Liu, Xue Bai, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of restraint use have been well-documented. However, the prevalence of restraints use has been high in long-term care facilities in Hong Kong compared with other countries and this goes against the basic principles of ethical and compassionate care for older people. The present study aimed to review the change in the prevalence of physical and chemical restraint use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) over a period of 11 years in Hong Kong and to identify the major factors associated with their use...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841238/behavioral-protective-factors-of-increased-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Kazuki Uemura, Hyuma Makizako, Sangyoon Lee, Takehiko Doi, Songchul Lee, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear what kinds of behavior prevent the development of geriatric depression. This study aimed to elucidate behavioral predictors of increased depressive symptoms in older adults focusing on gender differences. METHODS: A total of 3106 community-dwelling older people aged older than or equal to 65 years without depressive symptoms at baseline participated. The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale was used to assess depressive symptoms with a score of 6 or more at baseline and 15 month follow-up...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841198/social-environment-of-older-people-during-the-first-year-in-senior-housing-and-its-association-with-physical-performance
#13
Sinikka Lotvonen, Helvi Kyngäs, Pentti Koistinen, Risto Bloigu, Satu Elo
Increasing numbers of older people relocate into senior housing when their physical performance declines. The change in social environment is known to affect their wellbeing, providing both challenges and opportunities, but more information on the relations between social and physical parameters is required. Thus, we elicited perceptions of the social environment of 81 older people (aged 59-93 years, living in northern Finland) and changes in it 3 and 12 months after relocation to senior housing. We also measured their physical performance, then analysed associations between the social and physical variables...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836493/developing-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture-and-testing-in-a-randomised-feasibility-study-fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur
#14
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Joanna M Charles, Nicola Totton, Michelle Williams, Kevin Mawdesley, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Andrew Lemmey, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Aaron W Pritchard, Robert T Woods, Swapna Alexander, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture is a major health problem in old age, with annual UK health and social care costs of £2.3B. Rehabilitation has the potential to maximise functional recovery and maintain independent living, but evidence of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To develop an enhanced community-based rehabilitation package following surgical treatment for proximal femoral fracture and to assess acceptability and feasibility for a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835740/women-s-and-men-s-differing-experiences-of-health-lifestyle-and-aging-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Michelle Ploughman, Katie Collins, Elizabeth M Wallack, Michael Monks, Nancy Mayo
BACKGROUND: The growing population of older people with multiple sclerosis (MS) has led to more interest in understanding factors associated with healthy aging. We aimed to determine whether older women and men with MS have different health and lifestyle behaviors and whether there are sex differences in contributors to perceived health. METHODS: Data were obtained from a postal survey involving 743 Canadians older than 55 years with MS for at least 20 years. Sex differences in health, lifestyle, mood, and socioeconomics were examined using analysis of variance...
July 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827666/impact-of-physical-activity-on-the-association-between-lipid-profiles-and-mortality-among-older-people
#16
Shuo-Ming Ou, Yung-Tai Chen, Chia-Jen Shih, Der-Cherng Tarng
High serum lipid levels are independent predictors of mortality risk in the general population. Recent data suggest that this may not apply in the older populations, and even acts in the opposite direction. In consideration of the frail state, minimum amount of physical activity (60-100 minutes each week) may be more suitable for older individuals but its role in lipid profiles has never been explored. Between 2006 and 2010, we conducted a cohort study of 83,820 participants aged ≥65 years using the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Database...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827436/association-between-sedentary-time-and-mortality-across-levels-of-frailty
#17
Olga Theou, Joanna M Blodgett, Judith Godin, Kenneth Rockwood
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviours are associated with adverse health outcomes in middle-aged and older adults, even among those who exercise. We examined whether the degree of frailty affects the association between sedentary behaviours and higher risk of mortality. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used data from 3141 community-dwelling adults 50 years of age or older from the 2003/04 and 2005/06 cohorts of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
August 21, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826743/foot-disorders-in-the-elderly-a-mini-review
#18
David Rodríguez-Sanz, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Daniel López-López, Patricia Palomo-López, Carlos Romero-Morales, Emmanuel Navarro-Flores, César Calvo-Lobo
Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care...
August 18, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#19
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805186/improving-the-social-health-of-community-dwelling-older-people-living-with-dementia-through-a-reablement-program
#20
Yun-Hee Jeon, Lindy Clemson, Sharon L Naismith, Loren Mowszowski, Niki McDonagh, Margaret Mackenzie, Caitlin Dawes, Luisa Krein, Sarah L Szanton
Psychological, neurological, and social impairments caused by dementia may limit the person's everyday living and experiences, but their capacity to enjoy a meaningful life is still retained. Increasingly, evidence has been shown the importance of reablement approaches to care in maximizing the older person's independence, health, and well-being through increased engagement in their daily, physical, social, and community activities. However, there is a major knowledge gap in providing reablement for people living with dementia...
August 14, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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