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Increasing physical activity in older people

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113616/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-individuals-aged-65-years-or-older-with-anxiety-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Nicola Veronese, James Mugisha, Michel Probst, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Given the important health benefits of physical activity (PA) and the higher risk for physical inactivity in people with anxiety, and the high prevalence of anxiety and low PA among the elderly, there is a need for research to investigate what factors influence PA participation among anxious older individuals. We investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 65 years with anxiety symptoms in six low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098348/self-reported-everyday-physical-activities-in-older-people-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
U A Al-Sari, J H Tobias, E M Clark
Previous work has shown that patients with vertebral fractures do less physical activity. However, the association between vertebral fracture and different components of physical activity is unclear. Our results suggest that vertebral fracture (VF) is associated with a reduction in activities involving bending, ambulation, and daily living, regardless of age. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether osteoporotic VF is associated with reduced self-reported everyday routine physical activity and/or ability (PAA)...
November 3, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093358/community-social-capital-built-environment-and-income-based-inequality-in-depressive-symptoms-among-older-people-in-japan-an-ecological-study-from-the-jages-project
#3
Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Toyo Ashida, Yukako Tani, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Although reducing socioeconomic inequalities in depression is necessary, their associated factors have rarely been studied. This study aimed to screen the potential contextual factors associated with income-based inequality in older adults' depression. METHODS: Using data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) of 2013, we conducted an ecological study covering 77 communities in Japan. Our measures of socioeconomic inequalities in depression were the slope index of inequalities (SII) and the relative index of inequalities (RII) of the prevalence of depressive symptoms across three income levels...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078781/physical-chronic-conditions-multimorbidity-and-sedentary-behavior-amongst-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is, irrespective of a person's physical activity levels, associated with a wide range of deleterious outcomes such as diabetes, stroke and associated premature mortality. There are no nationally representative, multi-national, population-based studies investigating the relationship between SB, chronic conditions, and physical multimorbidity (i.e., two or more chronic physical conditions). Thus, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between chronic conditions, physical multimorbidity and SB among community-dwelling adults in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077218/hip-abductor-strength-and-fatigue-are-associated-with-activity-levels-more-than-one-year-after-total-hip-replacement
#5
Kharma C Foucher, Christopher C Cinnamon, Colleen A Ryan, Samuel J Chmell, Kris Dapiton
Despite improvements in pain and function, people who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THR) may not always return to desired levels of physical activity (PA). The factors associated with low activity levels are not fully understood. Abductor weakness and fatigue have both been proposed as factors that limit activity in older adults or people with hip osteoarthritis, but have not been investigated after THR. We hypothesized that abductor weakness and fatigue are associated with lower activity levels in people who have undergone a THR and that fatigue mediates the association between abductor strength and activity...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075352/how-an-aging-society-affects-the-economic-costs-of-inactivity-in-germany-empirical-evidence-and-projections
#6
Sören Dallmeyer, Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer
BACKGROUND: Aging societies represent a major challenge for health care systems all over the world. As older people tend to be more physically inactive, economic costs of inactivity are likely to increase notably. The present study aims to investigate this relationship between an aging society and economic costs of inactivity using the example of Germany. METHODS: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study applied the comparative risk assessment method developed by the WHO to estimate the direct costs of inactivity for the period 2001-2013 differentiated by gender-specific age-groups (15-29; 30-44; 45-64; 65+)...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071662/hemoglobin-concentration-is-associated-with-self-reported-disability-and-reduced-physical-performance-in-a-community-dwelling-population-of-nonagenarians-the-mugello-study
#7
Francesca Cecchi, Silvia Pancani, Federica Vannetti, Roberta Boni, Chiara Castagnoli, Anita Paperini, Guido Pasquini, Francesco Sofi, Raffaele Molino-Lova, Claudio Macchi
People aged 90 and older represent a fast-growing population segment who deserve specific attention and research. Aging is associated with a progressive decrease in hemoglobin concentration, which predicts adverse outcome, such as mortality, morbidity, frailty and disability. Whether this association is independent from increased prevalence of comorbidity, causing both anemia and reduced physical function is yet under debate. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between hemoglobin concentration and self-reported disability and reduced physical performance in a community dwelling population of nonagenarians...
October 25, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067317/social-interaction-and-cognitive-decline-results-of-a-7-year-community-intervention
#8
Hiroyuki Hikichi, Katsunori Kondo, Tokunori Takeda, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: There are few intervention studies that demonstrated linking social participation to lower risk of cognitive decline. We examined prospectively the protective effect of a community intervention program promoting social participation on the incidence of cognitive disability. METHODS: The baseline was established in a survey of community-dwelling older people aged 65 years old or more in July 2006 (2793 respondents, response rate 48.5%). The setting was Taketoyo town in Japan, where municipal authorities launched an intervention that was based on the establishment of community-based centers called "salons," where the town's senior residents could congregate and participate in social activities, ranging from arts and crafts, games, and interactive activities with preschool children...
January 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061154/a-multi-centre-randomised-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-geriatrician-led-admission-avoidance-hospital-at-home-versus-inpatient-admission
#9
Sasha Shepperd, Andrea Cradduck-Bamford, Chris Butler, Graham Ellis, Mary Godfrey, Alastair Gray, Anthony Hemsley, Pradeep Khanna, Peter Langhorne, Patricia McCaffrey, Lubena Mirza, Maj Pushpangadan, Scott Ramsay, Rebekah Schiff, David Stott, John Young, Ly-Mee Yu
BACKGROUND: There is concern that existing models of acute hospital care will become unworkable as the health service admits an increasing number of frail older people with complex health needs, and that there is inadequate evidence to guide the planning of acute hospital level services. We aim to evaluate whether geriatrician-led admission avoidance to hospital at home is an effective alternative to hospital admission. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting a multi-site randomised open trial of geriatrician-led admission avoidance hospital at home, compared with admission to hospital...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042763/quality-of-life-and-physical-activity-in-an-older-working-age-population
#10
Daniel Puciato, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Michał Rozpara
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity can be an effective means of prevention and therapy of many psychosomatic disorders. It can also have a significant impact on the quality of life of older working-age people. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationships between quality of life and physical activity in older working-age people from Wrocław, Poland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 1,013 people, including 565 women and 448 men, aged 55-64 years (59...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039993/physical-activity-pre-and-post-dementia-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#11
Mira Soni, Martin Orrell, Stephan Bandelow, Andrew Steptoe, Snorri Rafnsson, Eleonora d'Orsi, Andre Xavier, Eef Hogervorst
BACKGROUND: To inform public health interventions, further investigation is needed to identify: (1) frequency/intensity of everyday physical activity (PA) needed to reduce dementia risk; (2) whether post-diagnosis reduction in PA is associated with cognitive outcomes in people with dementia. METHODS: Data from 11,391 men and women (aged ≥50) were obtained from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing cohort. Assessments were carried out at baseline (2002-2003) and at biannual follow-ups (2004-2013)...
October 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037269/prevalence-of-prediabetes-and-modifiable-factors-in-an-ethnic-group-of-mexico-the-comc%C3%A3-ac-project
#12
Monica Daniela Robles-Ordaz, Ana Cristina Gallegos-Aguilar, Rene Urquidez-Romero, Rolando Giovanni Diaz-Zavala, Marcos Gerardo Lavandera-Torres, Julian Esparza-Romero
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and modifiable factors associated with prediabetes in the Comcáac Indians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study where prediabetes was defined using fasting plasma glucose, 2 h plasma glucose and glycated Hb (HbA1c). Physical, anthropometric and biochemical measurements, medical record, socio-economic, dietary and physical activity information were collected. The modifiable factors associated with prediabetes were assessed using multiple logistic regression...
October 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023081/frailty-predicts-adverse-outcomes-in-older-people-with-diabetes
#13
Joanna Ulley, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
The greatest proportional increase in the number of people with diabetes by age group is predicted to occur in those aged 60 to 79. In older people living with diabetes, geriatric syndromes, which indicate frailty, are emerging as a third category of complications in addition to the traditional microvascular and macrovascular sequelae. Frailty is defined by the presence of three or more phenotypes (weight loss, weakness, decreased physical activity, exhaustion and slow gait speed). The presence of one or two phenotypes describes a pre-frail state, and the absence of phenotypes describes a non-frail person...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994143/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-depressed-older-people-in-six-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Nicola Veronese, James Mugisha, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) in older people with depression, many do not comply with the International PA guidelines. Thus, we investigated what factors influence PA participation among 915 community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥65 years) with depression in 6 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. The sample was restricted to those with DSM-IV depression or receiving depression treatment in the last 12 months...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985325/home-based-telerehabilitation-in-older-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-heart-failure-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Palmira Bernocchi, Michele Vitacca, Maria Teresa La Rovere, Maurizio Volterrani, Tiziana Galli, Doriana Baratti, Mara Paneroni, Giuseppe Campolongo, Barbara Sposato, Simonetta Scalvini
Background: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) frequently coexist in older people, reducing patients' quality of life (QoL) and increasing morbidity and mortality. Objective: we studied the feasibility and efficacy of an integrated telerehabilitation home-based programme (Telereab-HBP), 4 months long, in patients with combined COPD and CHF. The primary outcome was exercise tolerance evaluated at the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
August 30, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980370/systematic-review-of-behaviour-change-techniques-to-promote-participation-in-physical-activity-among-people-with-dementia
#16
Samuel R Nyman, Natalia Adamczewska, Neil Howlett
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence for the potential promise of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to increase physical activity among people with dementia (PWD). METHODS: PsychINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched 01/01/2000-01/12/2016. Randomized controlled/quasi-randomized trials were included if they recruited people diagnosed/suspected to have dementia, used at least one BCT in the intervention arm, and had at least one follow-up measure of physical activity/adherence...
October 4, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978301/dying-comfortably-in-very-old-age-with-or-without-dementia-in-different-care-settings-a-representative-older-old-population-study
#17
Jane Fleming, Rowan Calloway, Anouk Perrels, Morag Farquhar, Stephen Barclay, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: Comfort is frequently ranked important for a good death. Although rising numbers of people are dying in very old age, many with dementia, little is known about symptom control for "older old" people or whether care in different settings enables them to die comfortably. This study aims to examine, in a population-representative sample, associations between factors potentially related to reported comfort during very old people's final illness: physical and cognitive disability, place of care and transitions in their final illness, and place of death...
October 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972244/association-between-weight-change-and-mortality-in-community-living-older-people-followed-for-up-to-14-years-the-hordaland-health-study-husk
#18
T R Haugsgjerd, J Dierkes, S E Vollset, K J Vinknes, O K Nygård, R Seifert, G Sulo, G S Tell
OBJECTIVES: To study the importance of weight change with regard to mortality in older people. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: The cohort includes participants in the Hordaland Health Study, Norway, 1997-99 (N=2935, age 71-74 years) who had previously participated in a survey in 1992-93. MEASUREMENTS: Participants with weight measured at both surveys were followed for mortality through 2012. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate risk of death according to changes in weight...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972242/disability-in-the-individual-adl-iadl-and-mobility-among-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
N Bleijenberg, N P A Zuithoff, A K Smith, N J de Wit, M J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of disability in 15 individual ADL, IADL, and mobility in older adults by age; and to assess the association of multimorbidity, gender, and education with disability. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study. The sample included 805 community-dwelling older people aged 60+ living in the Netherlands. MEASUREMENTS: Disability was assessed using the Katz-15 Index of Independence in Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and one mobility item...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963987/how-the-built-environment-affects-change-in-older-people-s-physical-activity-a-mixed-methods-approach-using-longitudinal-health-survey-data-in-urban-china
#20
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady, Guo Chen
Although the general population in China is physically active, only 45% of older adults meet the World Health Organization's recommendation for weekly moderate-to-vigorous exercise, to achieve health benefits. This percentage is even lower (9.8%) in urban China. It is, therefore, important to understand the pathways by which physical activity behaviors are impacted by the built environment. This study utilized a mixed methods approach-interviews (n = 42) and longitudinal (2010-2015) health survey data (n = 3094) for older people residing in three neighborhoods in Huainan, a mid-sized city in Anhui Province, central eastern China...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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