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Increasing physical activity in older people

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781357/cognitive-and-physical-function-of-people-older-than-80-years-in-china-from-1998-to-2014
#1
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768507/attitudes-to-ageing-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-and-walking-behaviour-in-older-people-the-lothian-birth-cohort-1936
#2
Catharine R Gale, Iva Čukić, Sebastien F Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Manon L Dontje, Dawn A Skelton, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting and low activity-both common in older people-are associated with increased mortality and poorer health. Whether having a more negative attitude to ageing is associated with higher levels of these behaviours is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prospective relationship between attitudes to ageing and objectively measured sedentary and walking behaviour. METHODS: Participants were 271 members of the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764488/interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-groups-an-umbrella-review
#3
REVIEW
Melinda Craike, Glen Wiesner, Toni A Hilland, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea
BACKGROUND: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763722/lifestyle-determinants-of-healthy-ageing-in-a-mediterranean-population-the-multinational-medis-study
#4
Alexandra Foscolou, Emmanuella Magriplis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Anna Polystipioti, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: To evaluate modifiable, lifestyle risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older adults, across ageing, in the Mediterranean area. METHODS: During 2005-2017, 3131 individuals from 26 Mediterranean islands of 5 countries, ≥65 years of age, were voluntarily enrolled. Anthropometrical, clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle parameters were measured through standard procedures. Analyses were performed by year and across consecutive age groups of the participants...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#5
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759825/beyond-move-more-feeling-the-rhythms-of-physical-activity-in-mid-and-later-life
#6
Cassandra Phoenix, Sarah L Bell
The last two decades have seen growing unease regarding the negative health consequences of increasing levels of physical inactivity, both in the UK and further afield. Public health initiatives and interventions aimed at increasing levels of physical activity have, therefore, become somewhat commonplace. Within the current context of demographic change, with growing numbers of older adults and evidence that inactivity increases with age, these initiatives hold particular relevance to mid and later-life adults...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744310/the-association-between-self-care-and-quality-of-life-in-hypertensive-patients-findings-from-the-azar-cohort-study-in-the-north-west-of-iran
#7
Maryamalsadat Kazemi Shishavan, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Nayyereh Aminisani, Mohammad Shahbazi, Mahasti Alizadeh
Background: Hypertension affects the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and self-care behaviors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among hypertensive people. Methods: All people aged 35 years and older with hypertension were invited to participate in this study. Information on self-care behavior for hypertension (H-scale), and health-related quality of life (WHOHRQOL-BRFF) were completed by trained interviewer. Data analysis was done using SPSS 16...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741196/educating-medical-students-in-counselling-older-adults-about-exercise-the-impact-of-a-physical-activity-module
#8
A D Jadczak, K L Tam, R Visvanathan
BACKGROUND: Exercise courses during medical school contribute to medical students' confidence in promoting physical activity to their patients. However, there is still a lack of uniform physical activity education across medical school curricula to equip medical students with the necessary skills and knowledge to counsel their patients about exercise. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 1.5-hour physical activity module including a one-hour exercise tutorial combined with a 30-minute practical counselling session on senior medical students' perceptions of the importance of exercise and their perceived competence in advising older people about exercise...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736569/osteoarthritis-trauma-vs-disease
#9
Gema Jiménez, Jesús Cobo-Molinos, Cristina Antich, Elena López-Ruiz
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent joint disease characterized by pain and degenerative lesions of the cartilage, subchondral bone, and other joint tissues. The causes of OA remain incompletely understood. Over the years, it has become recognized that OA is a multifactorial disease. In particular, aging and trauma are the main risk factors identified for the development of OA; however, other factors such as genetic predisposition, obesity, inflammation, gender and hormones, or metabolic syndrome contribute to OA development and lead to a more severe outcome...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729055/younger-people-with-type-2-diabetes-have-poorer-self-care-practices-compared-with-older-people-results-from-the-australian-national-diabetes-audit
#10
N Nanayakkara, A J Pease, S Ranasinha, N Wischer, S Andrikopoulos, B de Courten, S Zoungas
AIM: This cross-sectional study compares the self-care practices of younger and older people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were analysed from the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA) including 2552 adults with Type 2 diabetes from Australian Diabetes Centres. Pre-specified demographic and clinical variables were obtained. Self-care variables (physical activity, following dietary recommendations, medication adherence and monitoring blood glucose levels) were compared in people ≤ 64 and > 64 years of age...
May 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728929/running-does-not-increase-symptoms-or-structural-progression-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#11
Grace H Lo, Sarra M Musa, Jeffrey B Driban, Andrea M Kriska, Timothy E McAlindon, Richard B Souza, Nancy J Petersen, Kristi L Storti, Charles B Eaton, Marc C Hochberg, Rebecca D Jackson, C Kent Kwoh, Michael C Nevitt, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
Higher levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity improve all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. However, the effect of running, a moderate to vigorous activity, in those with knee osteoarthritis (OA), a common arthritis that occurs with aging, a high-risk group for mortality and cardiovascular events, is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of self-selected running on OA symptom and structure progression in people with knee OA. This nested cohort study within the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) (2004-2014) included those at least 50 years old with OA in at least one knee...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718293/health-effects-of-the-relocation-of-patients-with-dementia-a-scoping-review-to-inform-medical-and-policy-decision-making
#12
Frida V M Ryman, Jetske C Erisman, Lea M Darvey, Jacob Osborne, Ella Swartsenburg, Elena V Syurina
Background and Objectives: Research into the relocation (including international relocation) of people with dementia is increasingly important due to the aging population and latest developments in the international politics (including globalization and concerns over international migration). There is need for an overview of the health effects of relocation to facilitate and inform decision- and policy-making regarding these relocations. The aim of this literature review was to provide insight into the physical, psychological, and social consequences of varied types of relocations of older adults suffering from dementia...
April 28, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716566/active-aging-resilience-and-external-support-as-modifiers-of-the-disablement-outcome-agnes-cohort-study-protocol
#13
Taina Rantanen, Milla Saajanaho, Laura Karavirta, Sini Siltanen, Merja Rantakokko, Anne Viljanen, Timo Rantalainen, Katja Pynnönen, Anu Karvonen, Inna Lisko, Lotta Palmberg, Johanna Eronen, Eeva-Maija Palonen, Timo Hinrichs, Markku Kauppinen, Katja Kokko, Erja Portegijs
BACKGROUND: Population aging increases the need for knowledge on positive aspects of aging, and contributions of older people to their own wellbeing and that of others. We defined active aging as an individual's striving for elements of wellbeing with activities as per their goals, abilities and opportunities. This study examines associations of health, health behaviors, health literacy and functional abilities, environmental and social support with active aging and wellbeing. We will develop and validate assessment methods for physical activity and physical resilience suitable for research on older people, and examine their associations with active aging and wellbeing...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691286/cognitive-function-trajectories-and-their-determinants-in-older-people-8-years-of-follow-up-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#14
Paola Zaninotto, G David Batty, Michael Allerhand, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: Maintaining cognitive function is an important aspect of healthy ageing. In this study, we examined age trajectories of cognitive decline in a large nationally representative sample of older people in England. We explored the factors that influence such decline and whether these differed by gender. METHODS: Latent growth curve modelling was used to explore age-specific changes, and influences on them, in an 8-year period in memory, executive function, processing speed and global cognitive function among 10 626 participants in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682219/cardiovascular-disease-related-mirnas-expression-potential-role-as-biomarkers-and-effects-of-training-exercise
#15
REVIEW
Simona Ultimo, Giorgio Zauli, Alberto M Martelli, Marco Vitale, James A McCubrey, Silvano Capitani, Luca M Neri
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the most important causes of mortality worldwide, therefore the need of effective preventive strategies is imperative. Aging is associated with significant changes in both cardiovascular structure and function that lower the threshold for clinical signs and symptoms, making older people more susceptible to CVDs morbidity and mortality. microRNAs (miRNAs) modulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level and increasing evidence has shown that miRNAs are involved in cardiovascular physiology and in the pathogenesis of CVDs...
March 30, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678066/older-adults-co-creating-meaningful-individualized-social-activities-online-for-healthy-ageing
#16
Madeleine Blusi, Ingeborg Nilsson, Helena Lindgren
Social isolation and loneliness among older people is a growing problem with negative effects on physical and mental health. In co-creation with older adults individualized social activities were designed where older adults through computer mediated communication were able to participate in social activities without leaving their homes. Four types of activities were designed; outdoor activity, music event, visiting a friend and leisure activity. A participatory action research design was applied, where end users together with scientists from two research fields developed, tested and evaluated online participation in the activities...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#17
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652949/-association-of-sedentariness-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-in-older-adults
#18
Samuel Durán, Hugo Sánchez, Macarena Valladares, Antonio López, Pablo Valdés Badilla, Tomás Herrera
Background Part of having healthy lifestyles should be a regular practice of physical activities. Aim To evaluate the association between the practice of physical activity and healthy lifestyles in older people. Material and Methods The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile survey was applied to 1688 older people living in the community, aged 72 ± 7 years (61% women). This survey includes questions about regular physical activity. Results Twenty four percent of surveyed participants declared to practice physical activities at least three times per week, without gender differences...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650011/physical-activity-and-chronic-diseases-among-older-people-in-a-mid-size-city-in-china-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-bipolar-effects
#19
Peiling Zhou, Anne K Hughes, Sue C Grady, Li Fang
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have shown that regular physical activity can delay the onset of certain chronic diseases; less is known about the changes in physical activity practices following chronic disease diagnoses. China is experiencing a rapid aging transition, with physical activity an important routine in many older people's lives. This study utilizes the Health Belief Model to better understand the bidirectional relationships and bipolar effects between physical activity and chronic disease burden in Huainan City, a mid-sized city in China...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644534/co-designing-urban-living-solutions-to-improve-older-people-s-mobility-and-well-being
#20
Steve Cinderby, Howard Cambridge, Katia Attuyer, Mark Bevan, Karen Croucher, Rose Gilroy, David Swallow
Mobility is a key aspect of active ageing enabling participation and autonomy into later life. Remaining active brings multiple physical but also social benefits leading to higher levels of well-being. With globally increasing levels of urbanisation alongside demographic shifts meaning in many parts of the world this urban population will be older people, the challenge is how cities should evolve to enable so-called active ageing. This paper reports on a co-design study with 117 participants investigating the interaction of existing urban spaces and infrastructure on mobility and well-being for older residents (aged 55 + years) in three cities...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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