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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234440/morinda-officinalis-polysaccharides-stimulate-hypothalamic-gnrh-secretion-in-varicocele-progression
#1
Zhu Zhu, Feng Huang, Feng Wang, Yonghong Zhang, Xiaozhen Zhao, Wei Wang
Varicoceles (VCs) are the predominant cause of male infertility and are a risk factor for chronic venous disease. Morinda officinalis (M. officinalis) is a traditional Chinese medicine used to tonify the kidney and strengthen yang. In this study, we evaluated the effects of water-soluble polysaccharides extracted from M. officinalis (MOPs) on gonadotropin-release hormone (GnRH) secretion in a classic experimental left VC (ELV) rat model. Intragastric administration of MOPs at a dose ranging from 50 mg kg-1 to 100 mg kg-1 facilitated improvements in sperm parameters and seminiferous epithelial structures, modulated serum hormone profiles, and stimulated GnRH synthesis and release in the hypothalamus...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203206/expression-of-hypothalamic-kisspeptin-neurokinin-b-and-dynorphin-a-neurons-attenuates-in-female-zucker-fatty-rats
#2
Kimihiko Nakao, Kinuyo Iwata, Toshiyuki Takeshita, Hitoshi Ozawa
Zucker fatty (ZF) rats are considered to be an obese model due to leptin receptor abnormality and such rats show infertility. Pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone/luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion, which is important for follicular development in females, is considered to be controlled by KNDy neurons coexpressing kisspeptin, neurokinin B (NKB), and dynorphin A (DynA), encoded by Kiss1, Tac3, and Pdyn, respectively, in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). The purpose of this study is to examine the expression of KNDy neurons in female ZF rats by histochemical approach because pulsatile LH secretion is suppressed...
December 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201072/the-role-of-kisspeptin-in-female-reproduction
#3
REVIEW
Sareh Zeydabadi Nejad, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Context: Kisspeptin (KISS1), a recently discovered neuropeptide that acts upstream of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, is critical for maturation and function of the reproductive axis. This review aimed at providing comprehensive and up-to-date information on Kisspeptin and its role in female reproduction. Evidence Acquisition: A literature review was performed using PubMed for all English language articles published between 1999 and 2016. Results: The kisspeptin system (KISS1/G protein-coupled receptor-54,GPR54) has recently been addressed as an essential gatekeeper of puberty onset and gonadotropin secretion...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187003/the-effects-of-chronic-testosterone-administration-on-hypothalamic-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-regulatory-factors-kiss1-nkb-pdyn-and-rfrp-and-their-receptors-in-female-rats
#4
Takeshi Iwasa, Toshiya Matsuzaki, Kiyohito Yano, Rie Yanagihara, Yiliyasi Mayila, Minoru Irahara
The effects of androgens on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in females have not been fully established. To clarify the direct effects of androgens on hypothalamic reproductive factors, we evaluated the effects of chronic testosterone administration on hypothalamic GnRH regulatory factors in ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. Both testosterone and estradiol reduced the serum luteinizing hormone levels of OVX female rats, indicating that, as has been found for estrogen, testosterone suppresses GnRH secretion via negative feedback...
November 29, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136398/molecular-cloning-and-epigenetic-change-detection-of-kiss1-during-seasonal-reproduction-in-chinese-indigenous-sheep
#5
Xiaoyun He, Qiuyue Liu, Xiaoyu Li, Xiaofei Guo, Xiangyu Wang, Wenping Hu, Ran Di, Mingxing Chu
Like most seasonal domesticated species, sheep are short-day breeders, which means that the reproduction axis is activated by short days. The annual photoperiodic cycle affects the amount of daylength information that is transmitted to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis by regulating pulsatile secretion of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus. Kisspeptin, which is encoded by Kiss1, plays a major role in reproductive seasonality. Based on results from our previous Solexa sequencing data obtained from Tan (T) and Small Tail Han (STH) sheep during anoestrus and the breeding season, full-length mRNA information for ovine Kiss1 was obtained; 894bp in T sheep and 1145bp in STH sheep...
November 15, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126131/continuous-kisspeptin-restores-luteinizing-hormone-pulsatility-following-cessation-by-a-neurokinin-b-antagonist-in-female-sheep
#6
Iain J Clarke, Qun Li, Belinda A Henry, Robert P Millar
Pulsatile secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) drives pulsatile secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH), with evidence that this depends upon kisspeptin (Kiss) input to GnRH neurons. Kiss administration causes acute GnRH/LH secretion and electrophysiological data suggest that Kiss neurons may act in a phasic manner to drive GnRH secretion, but there is not definitive evidence for this. The product of the Kiss1 gene is proteolytically cleaved to smaller products and the 10 amino-acid C-terminal product (Kiss-10) displays full bioactivity...
November 3, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121483/effects-of-n-carbamylglutamate-and-l-arginine-on-gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-gnrh-gene-expression-and-secretion-in-gt1-7-cells
#7
Y Liu, J H Bai, X L Xu, Z L Chen, L J Spicer, T Feng
Recent studies have shown that N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) and arginine (ARG) supplementation improves reproductive performance in livestock. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of NCG and ARG on GT1-7 cell gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion, gene expression and cell proliferation. GT1-7 cells were treated in vitro with different concentrations of NCG (0-1.0mM) or ARG (0-4.0mM) in serum-free medium for 12 or 24h. For GnRH secretion and cell proliferation, GT1-7 cells were more sensitive to NCG than ARG...
November 10, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097006/kisspeptin-recombinant-oral-vaccine-a-master-gene-vaccine-inhibiting-the-reproductive-physiology-and-behavior-of-ram-lambs
#8
Birhanu Tesema, Jia-Yu Zhao, Xun-Pin Jiang, Gui-Qiang Liu, Yan-Guo Han, Teketay Wassie
The KISS1 gene product, kisspeptin, stimulates gonadotrophic steroid hormone (GNRH) neuronal signaling through the G-protein coupled receptor, kiss1r. Disturbance of this signaling pathway causes hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in mammals. As part of this cutting-edge research project, we analyzed the efficacy of an oral kisspeptin recombinant vaccine on the reproductive physiology and behavior of ram lambs. Ten 56-day old ram lambs were randomly divided into treatment and control groups to receive the experimental recombinant vaccines, C500/pKS-asd or C500/pVAX-asd (aspartate-β semialdehyde dehydrogenase), respectively...
October 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069289/distinct-dynorphin-expression-patterns-with-low-and-high-dose-estrogen-treatment-in-the-arcuate-nucleus-of-female-rats
#9
Moeko Kanaya, Kinuyo Iwata, Hitoshi Ozawa
Kisspeptin (KISS1; encoded by Kiss1 ) neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) co-express tachykinin 3 (TAC3; also known as neurokinin B) and dynorphin A (PDYN). Accordingly, they are termed KNDy neurons and considered to be crucial in generating pulsatile release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Accumulating evidence suggests that Kiss1 and Tac3 are negatively regulated by estrogen. However it has not been fully determined whether and how estrogen modulates Pdyn and PDYN. Here, we examined the expression of Pdyn mRNA and PDYN by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively, in the ARC of female rats after ovariectomy (OVX) and OVX plus low or high-dose beta-estradiol (E 2 ) replacement...
October 24, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055862/juvenile-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-promotes-ovarian-differentiation-but-suppresses-its-growth-potential-involvement-of-pituitary-follicle-stimulating-hormone
#10
Weiting Chen, Shuk-Wa Lau, Yuqin Fan, Rudolf S S Wu, Wei Ge
Bisphenol A (BPA), a plastic monomer and plasticizer, is commonly used in plastics industry, and it has been well documented to be an estrogenic endocrine disrupter. In the present study, we investigated the effect of early (juvenile) exposure to BPA on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis in the zebrafish. Estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were also included as positive and negative controls respectively. Juvenile zebrafish were exposed to BPA (1 and 10μM), E2 (10nM) and T (10nM) from 20 to 40 dpf (days post-fertilization), the period of sex/gonadal differentiation, followed by histological and expression analyses at 40 dpf...
October 14, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019791/the-influence-of-dopaminergic-system-inhibition-on-biosynthesis-of-gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-gnrh-and-gnrh-receptor-in-anoestrous-sheep-hierarchical-role-of-kisspeptin-and-rfamide-related-peptide-3-rfrp-3
#11
M Ciechanowska, M Łapot, E Paruszewska, W Radawiec, F Przekop
This study aimed to explain how prolonged inhibition of central dopaminergic activity affects the cellular processes governing gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and LH secretion in anoestrous sheep. For this purpose, the study included two experimental approaches: first, we investigated the effect of infusion of sulpiride, a dopaminergic D2 receptor antagonist (D2R), on GnRH and GnRH receptor (GnRHR) biosynthesis in the hypothalamus and on GnRHR in the anterior pituitary using an immunoassay. This analysis was supplemented by analysis of plasma LH levels by radioimmunoassay...
October 12, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017168/enhanced-at-puberty-1-eap1-expression-critically-regulates-the-onset-of-puberty-independent-of-hypothalamic-kiss1-expression
#12
Chenxi Li, Pin Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Enhance at puberty-1 (Eap1) is an intronless gene that regulates the onset of puberty through a network of hypothalamic genes. However, precise mechanistic events essential for Eap1-regulation of puberty have not been fully elucidated. Eap1 is thought to promote the initiation of puberty through regulation of the hypothalamic metastasis-suppressor KiSS1. We aim to investigate this hypothesis by genetically perturbing Eap1 through RNA interference in vivo. METHODS: We first engineered and optimized four sets of shRNAs that target rat Eap1 mRNA as well as one negative control shRNA...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988968/kiss1-gene-as-a-novel-mediator-of-tgf%C3%AE-mediated-cell-invasion-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#13
Jun Tian, Amal A Al-Odaini, Yun Wang, Juliana Korah, Meiou Dai, Lan Xiao, Suhad Ali, Jean-Jacques Lebrun
The invasive and metastatic phenotypes of breast cancer correlate with high recurrence rates and poor survival outcomes. Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) promotes tumor progression and metastasis in aggressive breast cancer. Here, we identified the kisspeptin KiSS1 as a downstream target of canonical TGFβ/Smad2 pathway in triple negative breast cancer cells. We also found KiSS1 expression to be required for TGFβ-induced cancer cell invasion. Indeed, knockdown expression of KiSS1 blocked TGFβ-mediated cancer cell invasion as well as metalloproteinase (MMP9) expression and activity...
October 6, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981380/astrocytes-promote-progression-of-breast-cancer-metastases-to-the-brain-via-a-kiss1-mediated-autophagy
#14
Natalya Kaverina, Anton V Borovjagin, Zaira Kadagidze, Anatoly Baryshnikov, Maria Baryshnikova, Dmitry Malin, Dhimankrishhna Ghosh, Nameeta Shah, Danny R Welch, Patrik Gabikian, Apollon Karseladze, Charles Cobbs, Ilya V Ulasov
Formation of metastases, also known as cancer dissemination, is an important stage of breast cancer (BrCa) development. KISS1 expression is associated with inhibition of metastases development. Recently we have demonstrated that BrCa metastases to the brain exhibit low levels of KISS1 expression at both mRNA and protein levels. By using multicolor immunofluorescence and coculture techniques here we show that normal adult astrocytes in the brain are capable of promoting metastatic transformation of circulating breast cancer cells localized to the brain through secretion of chemokine CXCL12...
October 5, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973125/acute-psychosocial-stress-inhibits-lh-pulsatility-and-kiss1-neuronal-activation-in-female-mice
#15
Jennifer A Yang, Christopher I Song, Jessica K Hughes, Michael J Kreisman, Ruby A Parra, Daniel J Haisenleder, Alexander S Kauffman, Kellie M Breen
Psychosocial stress, such as isolation and restraint, disrupts reproductive neuroendocrine activity. Here we investigate the impact of psychosocial stress on luteinizing hormone (LH) pulses and gene expression and neuronal activation within Rfrp and Kiss1 cells in female mice. Mice were ovariectomized (OVX) and handled daily to habituate to the tail-tip blood collection procedure. Blood was collected every 5 minutes for 180 minutes for measurement of LH. After 90 minutes, stress animals were placed into restraint devices and isolated to new cages...
November 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963736/expression-of-gnrh-receptor-in-the-canine-corpus-luteum-and-luteal-function-following-deslorelin-acetate-induced-puberty-delay
#16
D Kaya, A Gram, M P Kowalewski, S Schäfer-Somi, M Kuru, A Boos, S Aslan
The goals of this study were as follows: (Experiment 1) to examine the basic capability of canine corpora lutea (CL) to respond to GnRH by assessing expression of gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRH-R) in luteal samples collected throughout the luteal lifespan from non-pregnant dogs, and (Experiment 2) to investigate the effects of pre-pubertal application of the GnRH agonist deslorelin acetate on luteal function following the first oestrus. Mature CL were collected during the mid-luteal phase (days 30-45) from treated and control bitches...
September 30, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944853/kisspeptin-inhibits-cancer-growth-and-metastasis-via-activation-of-eif2ak2
#17
Tae-Hun Kim, Sung-Gook Cho
Kisspeptin is a protein encoded by the KISS1 gene, which has been reported to suppress the metastatic capabilities of various types of cancer cells, through the activation of its G‑protein coupled receptor GPR54. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the involvement of kisspeptin‑mediated signaling in the inhibition of cancer cell migration and invasion have yet to be elucidated. The present in vitro cell proliferation, migration and invasion assays and in vivo experimental metastasis studies demonstrated that kisspeptin‑induced eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α kinase 2 (EIF2AK2) activation suppressed the metastatic capabilities of several types of cancer cells...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938464/sex-differences-in-steroid-receptor-coexpression-and-circadian-timed-activation-of-kisspeptin-and-rfrp-3-neurons-may-contribute-to-the-sexually-dimorphic-basis-of-the-lh-surge
#18
Matthew C Poling, Elena Y Luo, Alexander S Kauffman
In rodents, the ovulation-inducing luteinizing hormone (LH) surge is sexually dimorphic, occurring only in females, but the reasons for this sex difference are unclear. Two neuropeptides, kisspeptin and RFamide-related peptide 3 (RFRP-3), are hypothesized to regulate the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/LH surge. In females, both of these systems show circadian changes coincident with the LH surge, but whether males show similar temporal changes under comparable hormonal conditions is unknown. Here, we evaluated circadian time (CT)-dependent changes in gene expression and neuronal activation of Kiss1 and Rfrp neurons of female and male mice given identical LH surge-inducing estrogen regimens...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938405/short-term-high-fat-diet-increases-leptin-activation-of-cart-neurons-and-advances-puberty-in-female-mice
#19
Jade Cabestre Venancio, Lisandra Oliveira Margatho, Rodrigo Rorato, Roberta Ribeiro Costa Rosales, Lucas Kniess Debarba, Ricardo Coletti, Jose Antunes-Rodrigues, Carol F Elias, Lucila Leico K Elias
Leptin is a permissive factor for puberty initiation, participating as a metabolic cue in the activation of the kisspeptin (Kiss1)-gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuronal circuitry; however, it has no direct effect on Kiss1 neurons. Leptin acts on hypothalamic cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) neurons, participating in the regulation of energy homeostasis. We investigated the influence of a short-term high-fat diet (HFD) on the effect of leptin on puberty timing. Kiss1-hrGFP female mice received a HFD or regular diet (RD) after weaning at postnatal day (PN)21 and were studied at PN28 and PN32...
November 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870491/the-effect-of-neonatal-immune-challenge-on-reproduction-by-altering-intraovarian-kisspeptin-gpr54-system-in-the-rat
#20
Bin-Qiao Wang, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Xiao-Xiao Lan, Zhi-Yang Zhou, Xin-Xin Xu, Xue-Qing Wu
Immune challenge in early life has been observed to influence the long-term reproductive dysfunction. On PNDs 3 and 5, female offsprings were administered with LPS (50μg/kg, i.p.) or saline. Vaginal opening was recorded, and oestrous cyclicity was monitored immediately post puberty and again at 56-70 days. At 10 weeks of age, the ovaries were removed for immunostaining and RNA analysis. Neonatal exposure to LPS resulted in a significant delay puberty onset as well as destroyed expression of ovulation related genes...
September 8, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
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