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Vocal cord paralysis

Ludovic Canaud, Vincent Ziza, Baris Ata Ozdemir, Jean-Philippe Berthet, Charles-Henri Marty-Ané, Pierre Alric
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization for hybrid aortic arch debranching. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2015, 68 patients (41 men, mean age 67+/-16 years) underwent TEVAR with LSA coverage, 19.2% (n = 13) were never revascularized and the remaining patients underwent LSA revascularization (n = 55; 80.8%) . Revascularization was achieved by LSA-carotid transposition via a medial approach in 81.8% (n = 45) and a lateral approach in 18...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Jeffrey C Yeung, C Elizabeth Pringle, Harmanjatinder S Sekhon, Shaun J Kilty, Kristian Macdonald
Introduction. Bilateral vocal cord paralysis (BVCP) is a potential medical emergency. The Otolaryngologist plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of BVCP and must consider a broad differential diagnosis. We present a rare case of BVCP secondary to anti-Hu paraneoplastic syndrome. Case Presentation. A 58-year-old female presented to an Otolaryngology clinic with a history of progressive hoarseness and dysphagia. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy demonstrated BVCP. Cross-sectional imaging of the brain and vagus nerves was negative...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Urte Kunz-Zurbuchen, Heinz Johannes Buhr, Hubert G Hotz, Martin E Kreis, Kai S Lehmann
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of surgical complications during the change from subtotal resection to hemithyroidectomy or thyroidectomy over a period of 17 years. METHODS: All operations for benign goiter at our hospital were analyzed for the periods 1996-2002 (Group 1) and 2003-2012 (Group 2). The groups were compared for recurrent laryngeal nerve damage, hypocalcemia, and other surgical complications directly postoperatively. RESULTS: In total, 1462 patients were operated on for goiter between 1996 and 2012...
September 19, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Kadri Ila, Aziz Tunc
Acute or chronic laryngitis, laryngeal trauma, vocal cord paralysis, cysts of the vocal cord, and benign or malignant tumors of the vocal folds are frequent causes of hoarseness. It is important to identify the cause of hoarseness to rule out potential malignancies. In this case report, we describe a patient with a bilateral aphthous ulcer in the vocal cords who was admitted with hoarseness and had been previously diagnosed with Behcet disease. Behcet disease is characterized by mucosal aphthous lesions, which are found primarily in oral and genital regions...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Suruchi Ambasta, Ankita Dey, Lenin Babu Elakkumanan, Rajkumar Sundararaj
Bilateral vocal cord paralysis being misdiagnosed as bronchial asthma has been reported in the literature on several occasions. Diagnosing this condition needs precise clinical acumen which could lead us to make an integrated diagnostic and treatment plan. Here, we report another missed case of bilateral vocal cord paralysis and the root cause analysis of the incident. This report emphasises the need for appropriate clinical examinations and workup during the pre-operative assessment.
August 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Virginie Woisard, Xuelai Liu, Marie Christine Arné Bes, Marion Simonetta-Moreau
Data, regarding the use of botulinum toxin (BT-A) in laryngeal dyspnea, are scarce, coming from some cases reports in the literature, including Vocal fold paralysis, laryngeal dystonia, vocal cord dysfunction also called paradoxical motion of the vocal fold (PMVF), and post-neuroleptic laryngeal dyskinesia. There is no consensus regarding the muscles and the doses to inject. The aim of this study is to present a retrospective review of patients treated in our ENT Department by BT-A injection in this indication...
September 6, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Sadegh Seifpanahi, Farzad Izadi, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Farhad Torabinezhad, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Siavash Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Repeated efforts by researchers to impose voice changes by laryngeal surface electrical stimulation (SES) have come to no avail. This present pre-experimental study employed a novel method for SES application so as to evoke the motor potential of the internal superior laryngeal nerve (ISLN) and create voice changes. METHODS: Thirty-two normal individuals (22 females and 10 males) participated in this study. The subjects were selected from the students of Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2014...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Michael S Oldenburg, Jeff Janus, Steve Voss, Serban San Marina, Tiffany Chen, Joaquin Garcia, Dale Ekbom
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Micronized AlloDerm is a commonly used injectable material for injection laryngoplasty; however, the histologic response to laryngeal implantation and resorption rate over time have not been elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo response of micronized AlloDerm over time after laryngeal implantation using a rabbit model. STUDY DESIGN: Animal model. METHODS: The left recurrent laryngeal nerve was sectioned in five New Zealand White rabbits to create a vocal cord paralysis...
August 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
Zhou Dan, Hu Qiangfu, Tao Liang, Li Changyu, Deng Linnan, Song Laichun
BACKGROUND: Double aortic arch (DAA) associated with other cardiac anomalies is uncommon. We review the outcomes of primary complete repair of DAA with concomitant cardiac anomalies in a single center. METHODS: From September 2005 through March 2014, 15 patients underwent primary complete repair of DAA with concomitant cardiac anomalies. The mean age was 53 months (range, two months to 19 years). RESULTS: All patients underwent primary complete correction through a median sternotomy...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
Saadia A Faiz, Lara Bashoura, Lavanya Kodali, Amy C Hessel, Scott E Evans, Diwakar D Balachandran
A case of a 55-year-old woman with iatrogenic vocal cord trauma and sleep-related symptoms is reported. In particular, this case highlights sleep-disordered breathing as a delayed complication after iatrogenic vocal cord trauma. The patient developed acute stridor from a contralateral vocal cord hematoma following vocal fold injection for right vocal cord paralysis. Acute respiratory symptoms resolved with oxygen, steroids, and nebulized therapy, but nocturnal symptoms persisted and polysomnography revealed sleep-related hypoventilation and mild obstructive sleep apnea...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
Jared M Pisapia, Nikhil R Nayak, Ryan D Salinas, Luke Macyszyn, John Y K Lee, Timothy H Lucas, Neil R Malhotra, H Isaac Chen, James M Schuster
OBJECTIVE As odontoid process fractures become increasingly common in the aging population, a technical understanding of treatment approaches is critical. 3D image guidance can improve the safety of posterior cervical hardware placement, but few studies have explored its utility in anterior approaches. The authors present in a stepwise fashion the technique of odontoid screw placement using the Medtronic O-arm navigation system and describe their initial institutional experience with this surgical approach...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Brian C Brajcich, Christopher R McHenry
BACKGROUND: Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) can lead to vocal cord paralysis, resulting in hoarseness, aspiration, stridor, and respiratory distress. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) on RLN injury during thyroidectomy when it is used as an adjunct to confirm the functional integrity of the RLN during delineation of its anatomic course after it has been visually identified. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed comparing the rate of RLN injury in patients undergoing thyroidectomy with IONM, which was implemented in 2012, to patients who underwent thyroidectomy without IONM during the 3-year period immediately before IONM...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Kana Yoshioka, Akira Miyauchi, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Kaoru Kobayashi, Minoru Kihara, Akihiro Miya
BACKGROUND: We reported phonatory recovery in the majority of 88 patients after recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) reconstruction. Here we analyzed factors that might influence the recovery, in a larger patient series. METHODS: At Kuma Hospital, 449 patients (354 females and 95 males) underwent RLN reconstruction with direct anastomosis, ansa cervicalis-to-RLN anastomosis, free nerve grafting, or vagus-to-RLN anastomosis; 47.4 % had vocal cord paralysis (VCP) preoperatively...
July 18, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Ehsan Khadivi, Mohammad Akbarian, Kamran Khazaeni, Maryam Salehi
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP) is not an uncommon finding. Several procedures are available to manage glottal insufficiency. We conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the outcome of fat injection laryngoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liposuctioned lower abdomen fat was injected for augmentation of paralyzed vocal cord in 20 patients with UVCP. Autologous fat was harvested with an 18G needle and a 20-ml disposable syringe using a liposuction technique...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ayça Eltaf Özbal Koç, Seda Babakurban Türkoğlu, Ozan Erol, Selim Erbek
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with idiopathic and non-idiopathic vocal cord paralysis (VCP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort was performed on data extracted from medical files of 92 consecutive patients (43 males, 49 females; median age 52.1±23.1 years; min. 1 - max. 87) with VCP diagnosed in the otorhinolaryngology department between April 2012 and December 2015. Diagnoses associated with VCP, side of involvement (right, left or bilateral) and previous medical histories were noted and compared between patients with idiopathic and non-idiopathic VCP...
July 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
Gregory W Randolph, Dipti Kamani
OBJECTIVES: The electrophysiologic responses of 1,381 recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) during monitored neck surgery were recorded and reviewed. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, we reviewed thyroid and other neck surgeries performed with intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) between the years 1995 and 2006. This list yielded consecutively monitored 1,381 RLNs, with over 3,000 hours of monitoring experience...
July 8, 2016: Laryngoscope
Dongyue Xu, Keyong Li
Unilateral vocal cord paralysis(UVCP) is defined as affected side vocal cord emerges immobility or motion weakening and abnormal tension due to unilateral intrinsic laryngeal muscles suffering from disorder about motor nerve. The patients usually present with hoarse voice, disability of high pitch, cough, aspiration, or a combination of these symptoms. There are increasing therapeutics researches and case analyses regarding UVCP in recent years. Thus this review summarized the progression about its causes and treatment methods...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Min Zhu, Jinrang Li, Hongguang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of CO2 laser assisted posterior cordotomy for patients with bilateral paralysis of the vocal cord. METHOD: Twenty-one patients with bilateral paralysis of the vocal cord underwent CO2 laser assisted posterior cordotomy in our hospital from Jul. 2009 to Jun. 2015. The causes of the bilateral paralysis of the vocal cord were thyroidectomy in 15 cases, cervical trauma in 2 cases, resection of pituitary tumor in 1 case, inflammation in 1 case and without cause in 2 cases...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Aylin Pıhtılı, Züleyha Bingol, Hacer Durmuş, Yeşim Parman, Esen Kıyan
We herein report a patient case with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) who presented with vocal cord paralysis (VCP). A 60-year-old man with FAP (Gly89Gln) presented with hoarseness and snoring for the previous two years. A chest X-ray demonstrated cardiomegaly and bilateral diaphragmatic elevation. The findings of a restrictive pattern on spirometry and daytime hypercapnia were consistent with respiratory muscle weakness related to neuropathy [forced expiratory volume (FEV1): 38%, forced vital capacity (FVC): 39%, FEV1/FVC: 77, partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2): 80 mmHg, partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood (PaCO2): 52 mmHg]...
2016: Internal Medicine
Yanli Ma, Xinlin Xu, Guanghui Hou, Li Zhou, Peiyun Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the acoustic characteristics in patients with unilateral arytenoid dislocation and unilateral vocal fold paralysis, and evaluate the application value of acoustic analysis technique in these two diseases. METHOD: The voice signals of sustained vowel /a/ were measured using the software MDVP in 50 healthy adults and 67 patients with unilateral vocal cord movement disorders. The acoustic parameters (jitter, shimmer, NHR and F₀) were analyzed...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
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