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Hugo Vilchis, Lynn E Onstad, Rachel Benavidez, Rebecca Castillo, Nigel Bush, Janet Sanchez, Mary O'Connell, Beti Thompson, Carol M Moinpour
We conducted a pilot test of a patient navigation intervention (Una Mano Amiga) to address cancer health disparities in three rural counties in southwest New Mexico. We trained two bilingual lay health workers (promotoras) as patient navigators (PNs) to help adult cancer patients and their participating families in Grant, Luna, and Hidalgo counties "navigate" the health care system, including appropriate access to social and financial services. Our hypothesized outcome was a reduction in time from diagnosis to treatment initiation compared to the average time without PNs in each of the three counties (2000-2009)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Nafiye Adak, Hamide Gubbuk, Nedim Tetik
BACKGROUND: Although strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) species are sensitive to abiotic stress conditions, some cultivars are known to be tolerant to different environmental conditions. We examined the response of different strawberry cultivars to water stress conditions in terms of yield, quality and biochemical features. The trial was conducted under two different irrigation regimes: in grow bags containing cocopeat (control, 30%; water stress, 15% drainage) with four different cultivars (Camarosa, Albion, Amiga and Rubygem)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Pavlina Drogoudi, Dimitrios Gerasopoulos, Mina Kafkaletou, Eleni Tsantili
BACKGROUND: Sugars and antioxidants in peaches contribute to fresh fruit quality and nutrition; however, information on widely grown cultivars and changes induced after peach jam preparation is limited. In the present study, colour, sugars and antioxidant parameters were determined in fruit and jam from 45 peach and nectarine cultivars. RESULTS: Pronounced varietal differences were found in sorbitol (42-fold range), total phenolics (TPs) and antioxidant capacities (10- to 19-fold range)...
December 18, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sergio Agudelo, Oscar Gamboa, Fabio Rodríguez, Sandra Cala, Nathalie Gualdrón, Evelyn Obando, María Lucía Padrón
BACKGROUND: Human lactancy is a simple and cost-effective strategy that influences infant and maternal mortality rates. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an immediate postpartum period strategy that has proven to benefit the initiation and continuation of human lactation and to decrease hospitalization during the first week of life. This study aims to determine the effect of SSC initiation at birth (immediate versus early) in healthy, full-term newborns treated at the Universidad de La Sabana Clinic on the duration of exclusive human lactation...
October 26, 2016: Trials
Lourdes Torres
This article discusses the challenges and rewards, as well as the affective labor, involved in forging a Latina lesbian "translengua," in other words a common language in the context of Latina lesbian organizing. I explore how members of Latina Lesbians en Nuestro Ambiente (LLENA) and Amigas Latinas, Chicago-based Latina lesbian organizations, attempted to foster consensus for collective action in the face of language differences and preferences. Through analysis of archives and interviews with activists, I untangle how LLENA and Amigas Latinas negotiated deeply personal and sensitive issues around language use as they worked to build an inclusive movement...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Georgina Perez, Pamela Della Valle, Sarah Paraghamian, Rachel Page, Janet Ochoa, Fabiana Palomo, Emilia Suarez, Angela Thrasher, Anh N Tran, Giselle Corbie-Smith
Recent Latina immigrants are at increased risk of poor mental health due to stressors associated with adapting to life in the United States. Existing social and health care policies often do not adequately address the mental health concerns of new Latino populations. Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma, a community-partnered research project, seeks to improve immigrant Latinas' mental health outcomes. Using Photovoice methodology, promotoras (lay health advisors) reflected on community factors affecting mental health through photography and guided discussion...
May 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Melissa A Green, Georgina Perez, India J Ornelas, Anh N Tran, Connie Blumenthal, Michelle Lyn, Giselle Corbie-Smith
Use of mental health care services for psychological distress is limited among Latino immigrants. In geographic areas where migration has been rapid, mental health systems possess limited capacity to provide bilingual and bicultural assistance. The development of a bilingual and bicultural workforce is a necessary yet long-term solution. More immediate strategies, however, are needed to meet the needs of immigrant Latinos. This paper describes the development of a stress-reduction focused, lay health advisor training that targets individual behavior change among Latina immigrants...
August 1, 2012: Californian Journal of Health Promotion
M Gruber, U Tisch, R Jeries, H Amal, M Hakim, O Ronen, T Marshak, D Zimmerman, O Israel, E Amiga, I Doweck, H Haick
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) are wide-spread cancers that often lead to disfigurement and loss of important functions such as speech and ingestion. To date, HNSCC has no adequate method for early detection and screening. METHODS: Exhaled breath samples were collected from 87 volunteers; 62 well-defined breath samples from 22 HNSCC patients (larynx and pharynx), 21 patients with benign tumours (larynx and pharynx) and 19 healthy controls were analysed in a dual approach: (i) chemical analysis using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and (ii) breath-print analysis using an array of nanomaterial-based sensors, combined with a statistical algorithm...
August 12, 2014: British Journal of Cancer
David R Lairson, Yu-Chia Chang, Theresa L Byrd, Judith Lee Smith, Maria E Fernandez, Katherine M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Hispanic women have a higher incidence of cervical cancer than all other races and ethnicities. In Hispanic subgroups, Mexican American women were among the least likely to have received cervical cancer screening. In a recent RCT, Ayudando a las Mujeres con Información, Guia, y Amor para su Salud (AMIGAS) was shown to increase cervical cancer screening rates among women of Mexican descent at 6 months in all intervention arms compared to the control arm. Limited information exists about the economics of interventions to increase cervical cancer screening rates among women of Mexican descent...
June 2014: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Adriana A Figueroa-Muñoz Ledo, Margarita Márquez-Serrano, Alvaro J Idrovo, Betania Allen-Leigh
The effectiveness at the individual and community level of an educational intervention to increase cervical cancer screening self-efficacy among semi-urban Mexican women was evaluated and changes in reported community barriers were measured after the intervention was implemented. The educational intervention was evaluated with a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test design and a control group, based on the Integrative Model of Behavior Prediction and AMIGAS project materials. For the intervention group, increased self-efficacy increased requests to obtain a Pap (p < 0...
June 2014: Journal of Community Health
Anh N Tran, India J Ornelas, Mimi Kim, Georgina Perez, Melissa Green, Michelle J Lyn, Giselle Corbie-Smith
The stressful experiences that Latino immigrants face throughout the migration process to the United States put them at increased risk for poor mental health. Latinas are at heightened risk due to stigma, limited access to mental health resources, domestic violence, and gender role expectations. In addition, for those who live in new immigrant settlement areas, such as the Southeast, these disparities are magnified by even fewer culturally appropriate services and limited social support. This study evaluates the impact of ALMA (Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma/Latina Friends Motivating the Soul), a pilot promotora intervention offered in three North Carolina counties to improve mental health among Latinas by offering coping skills training...
May 2014: Health Promotion Practice
Mei Zheng, Xiuying Zhao, Yuan Cheng, Caiqing Yan, Wenyan Shi, Xiaolu Zhang, Rodney J Weber, James J Schauer, Xinming Wang, Eric S Edgerton
PM(2.5), as one of the criteria pollutants regulated in the U.S. and other countries due to its adverse health impacts, contains more than hundreds of organic pollutants with different sources and formation mechanisms. Daytime and nighttime PM2.5 samples from the August Mini-Intensive Gas and Aerosol Campaign (AMIGAS) in the southeastern U.S. were collected during summer 2008 at one urban site and one rural site, and were analyzed for organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), water soluble organic carbon (WSOC), and various individual organic compounds including some important tracers for carbonaceous aerosol sources by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
January 15, 2014: Journal of Hazardous Materials
K Kazan, J M Manners, D F Cameron
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were generated from 20 cultivars and accessions representing four agronomically important species of Stylosanthes, S. scabra, S. hamata, S. guianensis, and S. humilis. Approximately 200 fragments generated by 22 primers of arbitrary sequence were used to assess the level of DNA variation. Relatively low levels of polymorphism (0-16% of total bands in pairwise comparisons) were found within each species, while polymorphisms between the species were much higher (up to 46%)...
February 1993: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Judith Lee Smith, Katherine M Wilson, Carlyn E Orians, Theresa L Byrd
BACKGROUND: Many barriers to cervical cancer screening for Hispanic women have been documented, but few effective interventions exist. The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends increasing cervical cancer screening through various methods. Building on this evidence, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded the research and testing phases for an evidence-based and theoretically grounded intervention designed to increase cervical cancer screening among never and rarely screened Hispanic women of Mexican descent...
September 2013: Journal of Women's Health
G Reig, I Iglesias, F Gatius, S Alegre
Antioxidant capacity, quality, and anthocyanin and nutrient contents of 106 peach cultivars from different breeding programs were evaluated at the Estació Experimental de Lleida, IRTA (Catalonia, Spain), during two growing seasons (2010 and 2011). High variability was found among cultivars within each quality trait, where different cultivars were scored as the best and the worst. For example, a 5-fold range (2.17-12.07 g of malic acid L(-1)), 6-fold range (144.20-711.73 μg of Trolox g(-1) of FW), and 11-fold range (0...
July 3, 2013: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Theresa L Byrd, Katherine M Wilson, Judith Lee Smith, Gloria Coronado, Sally W Vernon, Maria Eugenia Fernandez-Esquer, Beti Thompson, Melchor Ortiz, David Lairson, Maria E Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Considerable efforts have been undertaken in the United States to reduce cervical cancer incidence and mortality by increasing screening; however, disparities in screening rates continue to exist among certain racial and ethnic minority groups. The objective of the current study was to determine the effectiveness of a lay health worker-delivered intervention-AMIGAS (Ayudando a las Mujeres con Informacion, Guia, y Amor para su Salud [helping women with information, guidance, and love for their health])-to increase Papanicolaou (Pap) test screening among 3 populations of women of Mexican origin...
April 1, 2013: Cancer
Anh N Tran, India J Ornelas, Georgina Perez, Melissa A Green, Michelle Lyn, Giselle Corbie-Smith
Recent immigrant Latinas are at increased risk of poor mental health due to stressors associated with adapting to life in the United States. This study evaluated Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma, a promotora intervention to reduce stress and promote health and coping among recent immigrant Latinas. Using a pre- and post-test design, we evaluated mental health outcomes, specifically, in promotoras. Promotoras' knowledge levels related to role of promotora and stress management increased, depressive symptoms and stress levels decreased, and coping responses and perceived social support increased as well...
April 2014: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
B Herbig, J Glaser, P Angerer
Illness can be the cause and consequence of unemployment. These relationships are well documented but only few data on the effectiveness of interventions are available. The study examines the effectiveness of a combined health and employment promotion intervention (AmigA - currently projected in several sites in Germany) for the older long-term unemployed with the main goals of an improvement of health and integrability as well as sustainable reintegration into the labour market. The evaluation design is a randomised controlled trial with a multi-method approach...
August 2012: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Theresa L Byrd, Katherine M Wilson, Judith Lee Smith, Andrea Heckert, Carlyn E Orians, Sally W Vernon, Maria E Fernandez-Esquer, Maria E Fernandez
Cervical cancer is preventable with treatment of precancerous lesions and treatable at early stages. Hispanics have higher rates of cervical cancer and lower rates of screening. Ayudando a las Mujeres con Informacción, Guía, y Amor para su Salud (AMIGAS) is an intervention to increase cervical cancer screening in U.S. women of Mexican origin. AMIGAS was developed with the participation of the community using intervention mapping (IM). Following the IM process, the authors completed a needs assessment, development of program objectives, selection of intervention methods and strategies, and program design...
October 2012: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Gina M Wingood, Ralph J DiClemente, Kira Villamizar, Deja L Er, Martina DeVarona, Janelle Taveras, Thomas M Painter, Delia L Lang, James W Hardin, Evelyn Ullah, JoAna Stallworth, David W Purcell, Reynald Jean
OBJECTIVES: We developed and assessed AMIGAS (Amigas, Mujeres Latinas, Inform andonos, Gui andonos, y Apoy andonos contra el SIDA [friends, Latina women, informing each other, guiding each other, and supporting each other against AIDS]), a culturally congruent HIV prevention intervention for Latina women adapted from SiSTA (Sistas Informing Sistas about Topics on AIDS), an intervention for African American women. METHODS: We recruited 252 Latina women aged 18 to 35 years in Miami, Florida, in 2008 to 2009 and randomized them to the 4-session AMIGAS intervention or a 1-session health intervention...
December 2011: American Journal of Public Health
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