keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"growth hormone"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931175/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#1
Jowita Halupczok-Żyła, Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska, Marek Skrzypski, Mathias Z Strowski, Marek Bolanowski
Introduction The goal of the study was to investigate fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels in acromegalic patients in relation to the disease activity and to compare them with controls. Further, we aimed to evaluate the associations between FGF-21 and random growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), metabolic and anthropometric parameters. Materials and methods The study group consisted of 50 acromegalic patients divided into 3 subgroups on the basis of disease activity (AA - active acromegaly, CD - controlled disease, CA - cured acromegaly)...
September 20, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930716/antinociceptive-effect-of-ghrelin-in-a-rat-model-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-involves-trpv1-opioid-systems
#2
Yuqing Mao, Zhengyang Li, Kan Chen, Huafang Yu, Shaoren Zhang, Miao Jiang, Yuanhua Ma, Chunli Liang, Hongyan Liu, Huanqing Li, Qian Hua, Hao Zhou, Yonghong Sun, Xiaoming Fan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), defined as recurrent abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits, seriously affects quality of life and ability to work. Ghrelin is a brain-gut hormone, which has been reported to show antinociceptive effects in peripheral pain. We investigated the effect of ghrelin on visceral hypersensitivity and pain in a rat model of IBS. METHODS: Maternal deprivation (MD) was used to provide a stress-induced model of IBS in Wistar rats...
September 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927875/dynamic-responses-of-prolactin-growth-hormone-and-their-receptors-to-hyposmotic-acclimation-in-the-olive-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#3
Mingzhe Yuan, Qianqian Jia, Ting Wang, Qi Lu, Langlang Tang, Youji Wang, Weiqun Lu
Prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) play important roles in regulating salt and water balance through osmoregulatory organs in vertebrates. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamic changes of GH/PRL hormone gene expressions in the pituitary gland and their receptors in gill and kidney, as well as the plasma osmolality when the olive flounder fish Paralichthys olivaceus were acclimated in freshwater (FW) conditions. After transfer from seawater (SW) to freshwater (FW), the osmolality of FW-adaption fish reached the lowest level at 1d which rose slightly afterwards...
September 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926879/-systematic-evaluation-on-effectiveness-and-safety-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-in-treating-adult-patients-with-severe-burn
#4
F Y Tian, B Wu, T Xu, X H Jiang
Objective: To systcmatically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in treating adults with severe burn. Methods: Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched using key words " burns, thermal, human growth hormone, growth hormone, hGH, and somatropin (human)" , and China Biology Medicine disc, Chinese Journals Full-text Database, VIP Database, and Wanfang Database were searched using key words in Chinese version "," to obtain the randomized controlled trials about rhGH in the treatment of adults with severe burn from the establishment of each database to December 2016...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926833/circulating-igf-i-igfbp-3-and-the-igf-i-igfbp-3-molar-ratio-concentration-and-height-outcome-in-prepubertal-short-children-on-rhgh-treatment-over-two-years-of-therapy
#5
María Gabriela Ballerini, Débora Braslavsky, Paula Alejandra Scaglia, Ana Keselman, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Alicia Martínez, Analía Verónica Freire, Horacio Mario Domené, Héctor Guillermo Jasper, Ignacio Bergadá, María Gabriela Ropelato
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence of abnormally elevated values of biomarkers of growth hormone (GH) action in short children on recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy. METHODS: Sixty-three prepubertal short children were examined: 31 with GH deficiency (GHD), 25 small for gestational age (SGA), and 9 with Turner syndrome (TS). The main outcomes were the following: standard deviation score (SDS) values of IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio before, at the 1st and at the 2nd year on rhGH and Δheight (Ht)-SDS to evaluate GH treatment efficacy (adequate 1st-year ΔHt SDS: >0...
September 19, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925898/gh-supplementation-effects-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-gh-deficient-adult-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Vito Angelo Giagulli, Marco Castellana, Raffaella Perrone, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Massimo Iacoviello, Vincenzo Triggiani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The current meta-analysis aims at evaluating whether the existing clinical evidence may ascertain the effects of growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy on cardiovascular risk, both in isolated GH deficiency (GHD) and in compensated panhypopituitarism including GH deficit. METHOD: Original articles published from 1991 to 2015 were searched on Medline (Pubmed). Among an overall number of 181 potentially suitable studies, 24 fulfilled the selection criteria and were included in the analysis...
September 19, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924876/inhibitory-effects-of-antagonists-of-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-ghrh-in-thyroid-cancer
#7
Helena Pópulo, Bruno Nunes, Cristina Sampaio, Rui Batista, Marta Teixeira Pinto, Tiago B Gaspar, Leandro Miranda-Alves, Ren-Zhi Cai, Xian Yang Zhang, Andrew V Schally, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Paula Soares
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is a peptide hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that regulates the synthesis and secretion of growth hormone (GH) in the pituitary. The extra-hypothalamic GHRH and its cognate receptors (GHRHR and splice variants) play a mitogenic role by stimulating cell proliferation and preventing apoptotic cell death. It is well established that GHRH antagonists inhibit the growth, tumorigenicity, and metastasis of various human malignancies. In this work, we studied the effect of two new GHRH antagonists, MIA602 and MIA690, on thyroid cancer...
September 18, 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924868/photodegradation-pathways-of-protein-disulfides-human-growth-hormone
#8
Daniel Steinmann, Olivier Mozziconacci, Rupesh Bommana, John F Stobaugh, Y John Wang, Christian Schöneich
PURPOSE: Comprehensive product characterization was performed for the photodegradation of protein disulfides, representatively of human growth hormone (somatotropin; hGH), in order to provide a product database, which will be useful for the general analysis of protein stability. METHODS: HGH was photo-irradiated at λ = 254 and λ > 295 nm and tryptic digests were analyzed by HPLC-MS to investigate light-induced disulfide degradation pathways. RESULTS: A total of 60 products were detected, and structures/tentative structures were assigned to the products by MS(2) and MS(3) analysis...
September 18, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923784/assessment-of-quality-of-life-on-4-year-growth-hormone-therapy-in-japanese-patients-with-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-a-post-marketing-multicenter-observational-study
#9
Hitoshi Ishii, Akira Shimatsu, Hiromi Nishinaga, Osamu Murai, Kazuo Chihara
OBJECTIVE: Improvement of quality of life (QOL) by growth hormone (GH) therapy was not demonstrated in Japanese adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) patients by either the QOL Assessment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Adults or the Questions on Life Satisfaction-Hypopituitarism, which are widely used to evaluate QOL in Western AGHD patients. We therefore evaluated QOL in Japanese AGHD patients receiving recombinant GH, Norditropin® (Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark), using the newly developed Adult Hypopituitarism Questionnaire (AHQ)...
September 1, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921500/growth-hormone-therapy-for-people-with-thalassaemia
#10
REVIEW
Chin Fang Ngim, Nai Ming Lai, Janet Yh Hong, Shir Ley Tan, Amutha Ramadas, Premala Muthukumarasamy, Meow-Keong Thong
BACKGROUND: Thalassaemia is a recessively-inherited blood disorder that leads to anaemia of varying severity. In those affected by the more severe forms, regular blood transfusions are required which may lead to iron overload. Accumulated iron from blood transfusions may be deposited in vital organs including the heart, liver and endocrine organs such as the pituitary glands which can affect growth hormone production. Growth hormone deficiency is one of the factors that can lead to short stature, a common complication in people with thalassaemia...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920409/pou-class-1-homeobox-1-pou1f1-gene-polymorphisms-associated-with-growth-traits-in-korean-native-chicken
#11
Prabuddha Manjula, NuRI Choi, Dongwon Seo, Jun Heon Lee
Objective: POU class 1 homeobox 1 (POU1F1) mediates growth hormone expression and activity by altering transcription, eventually resulting in growth rate variations So we aimed to identify chicken POU1F1 polymorphisms and evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and growth-related traits, and logistic growth curve parameters traits (α, β and γ). Methods: Three SNPs (M_1 to M_3) were used to genotype 585 F1 and 88 F0 birds from five Korean native chicken lines using a PCR-RFLP method...
September 18, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920404/effects-of-zearalenone-on-the-localization-and-expression-of-the-growth-hormone-receptor-gene-in-the-uteri-of-post-weaning-piglets
#12
Min Zhou, LiJie Yang, Weiren Yang, Libo Huang, Xuemei Zhou, Shuzhen Jiang, Zaibin Yang
Objective: In this study, we investigated the adverse effects of dietary zearalenone (ZEA) (0.5 to 1.5 mg•kg-1 diet) on the localization and expression of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) in the uteri of post-weaning gilts and explored another mechanism of the reproductive toxicity of ZEA on piglets. Methods: A total of forty healthy piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Large White) aged 28 d were selected for study. Piglets were transferred to single cages after 10 days' adaptation on an obstetric table...
September 18, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917829/a-chinese-boy-with-geleophysic-dysplasia-caused-by-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-adamtsl2
#13
Li Dongxiao, Dong Hui, Zheng Hong, Song Jinqing, Li Xiyuan, Jin Ying, Liu Yupeng, Yang Yanling
Geleophysic dysplasia, belonging to the group of acromelic dysplasia, is a rare genetic disease. Two genes, FBN1 and ADAMTSL2, were known to be linked to this disorder. The disorder presents as extreme short stature, short limbs, small hands and feet, stubby fingers and toes, joint stiffness, toe walking, skin thickening, progressive cardiac valvular thickening and characteristic facial features, including a round face with full cheeks. Here, we report the first Chinese case with geleophysic dysplasia type 1 based on clinical and genetic features...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917652/tilapia-adropin-the-localization-and-regulation-of-growth-hormone-gene-expression-in-pituitary-cells
#14
JianPeng Peng, Ping Yang, Qianli Zhang, Quan Jiang
The peptide hormone adropin, encoded by the energy homeostasis-associated (Enho) gene, plays a role in energy homeostasis and the control of vascular function. The aim of this study was to examine the role of adropin in growth hormone (GH) gene expression at the pituitary level in tilapia. As a first step, the antiserum for the tilapia adropin was produced, and its specificity was confirmed by antiserum preabsorption and immunohistochemical staining in the tilapia pituitary. Adropin could be detected immunocytochemically in the proximal pars distalis (PPD) of the tilapia pituitary...
September 13, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917185/ghrelin-and-hypothalamic-npy-agrp-expression-in-mice-are-affected-by-chronic-early-life-stress-exposure-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#15
K Y Yam, S R Ruigrok, I Ziko, S N De Luca, P J Lucassen, S J Spencer, A Korosi
Early-life stress (ES) is a risk factor for metabolic disorders (e.g. obesity) with a notoriously higher prevalence in women compared to men. However, mechanisms underlying these effects remain elusive. The development of the hypothalamic feeding and metabolic regulatory circuits occurs mostly in the early sensitive postnatal phase in rodents and is tightly regulated by the metabolic hormones leptin and ghrelin. We have previously demonstrated that chronic ES reduces circulating leptin and alters adipose tissue metabolism early and later in life similarly in both sexes...
September 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915901/possible-effects-of-an-early-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-patients-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-the-state-of-art
#16
REVIEW
Stefano Stagi, Perla Scalini, Giovanni Farello, Alberto Verrotti
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a relatively uncommon and heterogeneous endocrine disorder presenting in childhood with short stature. However, during the neonatal period, the metabolic effects of GHD may to require prompt replacement therapy to avoid possible life-threatening complications. An increasing amount of data suggests the importance of an early diagnosis and treatment of GHD because of its auxological, metabolic, and neurodevelopmental features with respect to the patients diagnosed and treated later in life...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915386/the-role-of-growth-hormone-receptor-in-%C3%AE-cell-function
#17
REVIEW
Shuang Wang, Jin Wu, Ning Wang, Li Zeng, Yingjie Wu
Growth hormone (GH) exerts numerous effects on tissues through binding to its receptor, GHR, which resides on cell membranes in many different organs and tissues. Endocrine pancreatic β cells are the only source of insulin secretion in response to metabolic demand, thereby regulating blood glucose and maintaining metabolic homeostasis. β cell dysfunction is the main composition of diabetes mellitus. Numerous studies have provided strong evidence that GHR signaling plays an independent role in β cell function...
September 8, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913667/microsurgical-versus-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-resection-for-acromegaly-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-complications
#18
REVIEW
Ching-Jen Chen, Natasha Ironside, I Jonathan Pomeraniec, Srinivas Chivukula, Thomas J Buell, Dale Ding, Davis G Taylor, Robert F Dallapiazza, Cheng-Chia Lee, Marvin Bergsneider
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the long-term endocrine outcomes and postoperative complications following endoscopic vs. microscopic transsphenoidal resection (TSR) for the treatment of acromegaly. METHODS: A literature review was performed, and studies with at least five patients who underwent TSR for acromegaly, reporting biochemical remission criteria and long-term remission outcomes were included. Data extracted from each study included surgical technique, perioperative complications, biochemical remission criteria, and long-term remission outcomes...
September 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913408/hepatocyte-specific-deletion-of-mouse-lamin-a-c-leads-to-male-selective-steatohepatitis
#19
Raymond Kwan, Graham F Brady, Maria Brzozowski, Sujith V Weerasinghe, Hope Martin, Min-Jung Park, Makayla J Brunt, Ram K Menon, Xin Tong, Lei Yin, Colin L Stewart, M Bishr Omary
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Lamins are nuclear intermediate filament proteins that comprise the major components of the nuclear lamina. Mutations in LMNA, which encodes lamins A/C, cause laminopathies, including lipodystrophy, cardiomyopathy, and premature aging syndromes. However, the role of lamins in the liver is unknown, and it is unclear whether laminopathy-associated liver disease is caused by primary hepatocyte defects or systemic alterations. METHODS: To address these questions, we generated mice carrying a hepatocyte-specific deletion of Lmna (knockout [KO] mice) and characterized the KO liver and primary hepatocyte phenotypes by immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, microarray analysis, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Oil Red O and Picrosirius red staining...
November 2017: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912516/choroidal-thickness-measurements-in-children-with-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency
#20
N G Yalcin, Z Aktas, O Yuce, G D G Ikiz, M Hasanreisoglu, A Bideci
PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the choroidal thickness measurement values in cases with isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD), to compare them with the healthy control group by using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and to evaluate the effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment on choroid.Patients and methodsIn this study, 23 cases who were diagnosed with IGHD as a study group and 46 healthy subjects as a control group were included. All patients and controls underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including an examination with EDI-OCT...
September 15, 2017: Eye
keyword
keyword
87270
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"